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March 11, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-03-11

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J
The Weathei
Mostly cloudy today and to-
morrow, possibly snow flurries
tomorrow.

Yi e

SirF

~Iatj

Editorials
Nationalizing
Culture .. .

VOL. XLVII No. 114 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 11, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Senators Told
Tribunal Must
Not 'Torture'
Constitution
Statement Before Judicial
Committee By Attorney
General Causes Protest
Immediate Action
Urged In Hearing
WASHINGTON, March 1.-)-
Attorney General Cummings, with
the quietly persuasive manner of one
who seeks to convince a friend his
course of action is right, urged the
Roosevelt Court bill upon the Senate
judiciary committee today as a means
of preventing the Constitution from
being "tortured."
No sooner had Cummings spoken
than there was a series of swift de-
velopments:
Gives Counter Proposal
From the ranks of his own party,
from a Senator still uncommitted on
the Court issue, O'Mahoney of Wy-
oming, came a counter-proposal that
the Constitution be amended to re-
quire a two-thirds vote of the Su-
preme Court to invalidate an act of
Congress.-
Senator Borah (Rep.-Ida.), an
opponent of the administration pro-E
posal to place six new justices on
the Supreme Court, quickly asserted
that the Roosevelt Bill, taken in tech-1
nical conjunction with statutes now
in effect "would come pretty near to
abolishing the Court."
Senator Pittman (Dem.-Nev.) ex-
pressed a view that the membership
of the Court might well be manda-
torily increased to eleven and pos-
sibly fifteen to increase its efficiency.
Sharp-Spoken Exchange
Senator Austin of Vermont, mem-
ber of the regular Republican fac-£
tion of the opposition, descended up-
on the Attorney General with a series
of belligerent questios that quickly
produced a sharp-spoken exchange.
And (rom several members of the
committee came the contention that -
the possibility of 8 to 7 decisions by
a Supreme Court of 15 members sug-
gestet. that th bill would "leave us
where we are now.",
"That might happen," Cummings'
replied, "if those men who were ap-
pointed as liberals turned out to be
conservatives, but I wouldn't expect
any such result."
The atmosphere of conflict-born
drama which from the start has sur-
rounded the struggle between Presi-
dent Roosevelt and the Supreme
Court, pervaded the big marble cau-
cus room when the Senate through
its committee came to grips with the,
issue.
Spectators Jam Room
For an hour and a half before the
hearing began the room was jammed
with spectators. A score of Senators,
in addition to committee members,
were present to follow the argument
with rapt attention. The commitee
entered in a body, serious, solemn.
Cummings, his tall figure draped
in impeccable blue serge, lolled in
the witness chair, chewing gum, while
a battery of camera bulbs fired away.
Behind him sat a corps of his as-
sistants from the Department of
Justice.
Liberal Senators Meet
In Debate On Court
CHICAGO, March 10.-(P)-Two

men famous as liberals-Senator
Wheeler (Dem.-Mont.) and James
M. Landis, chairman of the Federal
Securities Commission hotly debated
President Roosevelt's court legisla-
tion before the fourth annual Wom-
an's Congress here tonight.
Wheeler accused the President of
preaching "haste and hate" to hasten
the forging of a weapon which, he
said, might be used by another Pres-
ident to extinguish all liberty.
He challenged Mr. Roosevelt to
submit instead "any reasonable con-
stitutional amendment," pledging
that members of Congress would sub-
merge their individual views and
quickly approve. If the administra-
tion wishes, Wheeler added, ratifica-
tion by the states could be completed
within a matter of months.
Landis contended that the present
Supreme Court has set itself up as
a super-legislature, standing athwart
the path of social progress.
A .1111 99 PQD-bp- Pl- k

Sorority 'Courtesy Week' Just
Another 'Hell Week' To Men

President Of

W.A.A.

(F --

Girls Pre-Initiation Period
Differs Only In Type Of
'Ordeals,' Survey Shows
By ROBERT WEEKS
"Courtesy Week" has just ended
at the Theta house and the Alpha
Phis will soon go into a six day period
of "meditation," but to the outspok-
en fraternity man it's just plain
"Hell Week."
Besides cropping up with a euphe-
mistic title among the sororities, Hell
Week involves different "ordeals"
with the girls. An example of this
is the dog barking that greets the
ear of the already frightened male
wha~n he dials the Pi Phi house.
Mental torture is apparently the
Detroit NeWS
Editor To Talk
In Union Today
W.S. Gilnore To Address
Dinner Of Sigma Delta
Chi, ThetaSigma Phi
W. S. Gilmore, editor in chief of
the Detroit News, will speak at a joint
dinner of Sigma Delta Chi and Theta
Sigma Phi, men's and women's pro-
fessional journalism fraternities, at
6:30 p.m. today in Room 116 of the
Union.
Mr. Gilmore, an associate mem-
ber of the Indiana University chap-
ter of Sigma Delta Chi, will talk on
"What I Expect of a Reporter." The
banquet is confined to members of
the organization and persons espe-
cially invited, although others may
come in after the dinner to hear Mr.
Gilmore speak, according to Marion
Holden, '37, president of Theta Sig-
ma Phi.
Mr. Gilmore is a native of Indiana
and a former Indiana University stu-
dent. He worked on Terre Haute pa-
pers and the Indianapolis Star be-
fore going to Detroit.
He has been with the Detroit News
for nearly 30 years, progressing
through a series of executive posi- i
tions. He has been successively as-
sistant city editor, city editor, news
editor, assistant managing editor and
managing editor. He was appointed
editor ol the retirement of the late
George E. Miller on Dec. 1, 1933.
Legislature Refuses
Early Adjournment
LANSING, March 10.-()-The
House roused itself from nearly 10
weeks of doldrums today, refused to
consider an early legislative adjourn-
ment date and placed two major
points of the 1937 program on the
calendar.
The rules and resolutions commit-
tee received a Senate resolution
adopted Tuesday, which would pro-
vide for adjournment of the legisla-
ture May 14. It passed the Senate
under suspended rules. There was no
attempt to suspend house rules for
immediate consideration.
A bill which would include delin-
quent taxes of 1933, 1934 and 1935 in
the 10-year installment payment
plan went to the floor for discussion.
House members argued over tech-
nical points in the bill but appeared
favorable to its passage. Immediate
action was deferred to permit county
treasurers to be heard on a compan-
ion bill which would place collection
of real estate taxes and preparations
of the necessary records directly in
their hands.

theme of most sorority Hell Weeks,
the piece de resistance of the Delta
Gamma ordeal being an excruciat-
ing skit that is given before the
"alums" and the actives the day be-
fore initiation. The idea of em-
barrassing theatricals is almost univ-
ersal among sororities, a questioning
of sorority women revealed.
In keeping with the skit idea, the
Thetas have to give imitations of the
active members and also of well
known figures on the faculty. Indi-
vidual renditions of sorority songs is
another feature of "Courtesy Week,"
and the baffled initiates are, also
asked to give a pantomime entitled,
"Wrestling With Temptation," or
a dissertation on "The Life of a
Prune."
Another feature common to all so-
rority Hell Weeks is the rule against
walking with a man, talking to a
man, and horrors to the pledge that
has a date. Exceptions will be made
for the Frosh Frolic tomorrow night,
but at the Delta Gamma house only
upon receipt of 15 good reasons from
the pledge on why she should be
permitted to go out. The Pi Phi's
boastfully announce that they re-
quire 50 good reasons.
Ridiculous clothes are another
common denominator of the wom-
an's idea of what Hell Week should
be. Overalls have been found to
yield the greatest amount of mor-
tification, according to the Tri-Delts,
who combine them with a straw hat
(Continued on Page 2)
Establishmentl
Of Cooperative
Fish Unit Told
Institution Is First Of Kind
In Country, Hubbs Says;
Lagler To Take Charge
The establishment here of the first
cooperative fish management unit in
the country was announced yesterday
by Prof. Carl L. Hubbs, curator of
fishes of the Museum of Zoology.
The unit, which began operating
recently, is engaged in research on
piscatorial problems under a coop-
erative arrangement between the
University, the State Department of
Conservation and the American Wild-
life Institute.
Lagler Appointed Head
Karl F. Lagler, a University of Ro-
chester graduate, arrived here re-
cently to take charge of the unit. A
part-time assistant has also been ap-
pointed. The salaries will be fur-
nished by the institute.
"Nine similar units within the
United States have been established
for game study in general, but no
such system has ever been evolved
for the special study of fish," Prof.
Hubbs said. It was pointed out that
this was not due to a failure torecog-
nize the necessity of such an organi-
zation, but rather to a lack of suf-
ficient funds.
Made Possible By Gift
The present movement is being
made possible through a gift by the
Tackler Manufacturers' Association
to the wildlife institute.
The previous animal-study units
concerned themselves with wildlife
research, with the training of wild-
life technicians, and with the dem-
onstrations of methods to increase
wildlife; and, according to present
.plans, the new fish units will follow
along the same general line, Prof.
Hubbs stated.
Bringing the first cooperative unit
of this kind to Michigan was made
possible through a special arrange-,
mentbetween Prof. Hubbs and the
American Wildlife Institute, which
held its annual convention at St
Louis last week.

MARY B. JOHNSON
* * *
Mary Johnson
a a
Is Named New
Head Of W.A.A.
Betty Lyon Elected Vice-
President; Mary Jane
Mueller Is Secretary
Mary B. Johnson, '38, was named
president of the Women's Athletic
Association for the 1937-38 school
year yesterday by Kate Landrum, '37,
outgoing president, following the se-
lection of the executive officers of
the W.A.A. board by the senior mem-
bers of the present board and two
faculty advisers.
Betty Lyon, '39, was named vice-
president of the organization and
Mary Jane Mueller, '38Ed., was ap-
pointed secretary. Betty Whitney,
'38, was picked to fill the position of
treasurer.
To Be Correspondent
Sally Kenny, '38Ed., will act as
the American Federation of College
Women correspondent and Norma
Curtis, '39, was named awards
chairman.
. Ruth Hartman, '39, was appointed
Intramural manager and Mary Alice
MacKenzie, '39, will be in charge of
publicity next year.
Because of an amendment in the
W.A.A. constitution, the selection of
the sports managers will be by elec-
tions in the different women's sports
clubs instead of by appointment by
the board as has formerly been the
custom.
The newly appointed officers, along
with the remainder of the board, will
be officially recognized at the Instal-
lation Banquet to be held in con-
junction with the League, March 22,
in the League ballroom.
Active On Campus
Miss Johnson has been unusually
active on campus. She has served
as a member of the finance commit-
tee in both Freshman Project and
Sophomore Cabaret. She was a mem-
ber of the finance committee of Penny
Carnival her freshman year and act-
ed as buyer for it last year. A mem-
ber of Wyvern, she also acted as
t treasurer of W.A.A. this year. Shel
is accounts manager of the 'Ensian
and a member of the Orientation
and Merit System committees at thej
League. She also was a junior of-'
ficer of judiciary council this year.
She is affiliated with Kappa Alpha
Theta.
Miss Lyon, who is acting as bad-
minton manager on the W.A.A. board

Says New Deal,
Acts May Aid
In Depressions
Professor Hoover States
Permanent Legislation
Will HelpIn Future
Business Boom Is
Imminent, He Says
By IRVING SILVERMAN
Future depressions may be con-
siderably eased, as President Roose-
velt contended in his address Tues-
day night, if the permanent New Deal
programs, such as the social security
and bank control legislation, work
out as expected, Prof. Edgar M. Hoo-
ver, Jr., of the economics department,
declared yesterday.
President Roosevelt said in his
speech that in order to prevent the
recurrence of crises such as the coun-
try experienced in 1929, the New Deal
embarked upon its program to pro-
vide government with the power to
prevent and cure the abuses and the
inequalities which had thrown the
economic system out of joint and to
make the system "bomb-proof against
the causes of 1929."
The offering of relief and the in-
stituting of "pump-priming" policies
to inflate purchasing power may be
largely replaced in future depressions
by these new measures for the stabili-'
zation of incomes, Professor Hoover
pointed out, although the responsi-
bility of stabilization, he added, is a
formidable one.
"According to such indicators as.
prices and industrial production, the
business situation is now close to
normal," Professor Hoover explained,
"so that we probably are now enter-
ing the boom period in the business
cycle."
The existence of the boom period,
however, is not clear cut, Professor
Hoover stressed, mentioning that un-
employment is still serious and that
the construction industry has been
lagging behind. He further pointed
out that strikes have undoubtedly
held up production temporarily, but
that the strikes were phenomena
characteristic of revival periods. This
may be attributed, he explained, to
the fact that wages tended to lag
behind prices and profits, so that
the workers, seeing the producers' in-
comes increasing, attempt to enlarge
their own incomes through the me-
dium of strikes.
Government spending or "pump-
(Continued on Page 2)
Edison Worker
Killed By High
Tension Wire
24,000 Volt Current Is
Fatal To George Eberle
At Argo Power Plant
George Eberle, 38, 1422 Broadway,
was killed instantly at 2:30 p.m. yes-
terday when he accidently came into
contact with a high tension wire at
the Argo power plant of the Detroit
Edison Co.
Eberle, an electrician for the De-
troit Edison Co., was working at a
height of eight feet.
It is thought that the accident
happened when he was handling an
insulator, his hand slipping and com-
ing into contact with a wire, Dr. Ed-
win C. Ganzhorn, coroner, said last
night. The wires carried 24,000 volts
each.

The Argo plant is located on the
corner of Broadway and Pontiac, a
few blocks north of the bridge across
the Michigan Central tracks.

Young To Resign
As City Alderman
Prof. Leigh J. Young of 'the for-
estry school, will resign as alderman
from the Seventh Ward at the Mon-
day night city council meeting, he
announced yesterday. He is unop-
posed for election in April to the]
presidency of the council.
Professor Young's present term
does not expire until April, 1938. A
special election will be necessary to
fill the vacancy which will be caused
by his resignation.
He is serving his third two-year
term as a council member. A Repub-
lican, he has been a member of the
forestry school faculty since 1911.
League Labor ;
Organization'
Intact, Is Claim
Employes Face Speed-Up,'
Says Student Workers
Federation Bulletin
There is still an employe organi-
zation in the League, according to
Robert Fox, '38E, chairman of the
group that was successful in a re-
quest for pay increases on Jan. 20.
The Student Workers Federation
declared in a bulletin circulated yes-
terday that the workers in the League
were faced with a "speed-up" because
they had disorganized.
Fox admitted that the student or-
ganization had not met since their
demands were met by the manage-
ment. It is expected, he said, that a
meeting will be called in the near
future. Mrs. Ellen Stanley, business
manager of the League, submitted to
the request for employe meetings to
discuss problems and complaints of
the group, at the time the wage in-
creases were announced.
Tom Downs, '39, president of the
S.W.F. denied yesterday that the bul-
letin statement was intended as com-
ing from the employe organization,
but "simply the gist of several reports
turned in to the federation." He said
the S.W.F. is not connected with the
League group except in an advisory
capacity.
Miss Phyllis Brand, supervisor of
the League dining rooms, said Tues-
day night that no speed-up is in ef-
fect. Although no additional students
have been hired, the employes work
no harder than before, she said.
Veteran Troops
Hold Insurgents
MADRID, March 10.-(IP)-Veter-
an troops, hurled into the breach to
smother an insurgent advance
through Guadalajara Province, stood
their ground today, the government
reported, against repeated charges oy
mechanized forces.
After two days of admitted re-
verses, war office communiques de-
clared the defense line now was hold-
ing and vulnerable gaps in it had
been closed.
Tanks, armored cars and a few ar-
tillery units, rushed to the newly de-
veloped battlefront northeast of Ma-
drid last night by Gen. Jose Miaja,
commander of all government troops
in central Spain

Seek To Oust Sit-Down
Workers From 9 Plants
Held SinceMonday
Reach Tentative
G. MA*Settlement
Hudson Motor Co., Union
Begin Conference With
10,000 Out Of Work
DETROIT, March 10 --(P)- Th
Chrysler Corporation instiu ted i-'
unct ion proceedings tnight to eject
it-down strikers from the nine auto-
notive plants they have held since
Mlonday.
The court move brought from Ho-
ner Martin, United Automobile
Norkers President, the comment:
"These methods do not settle any
abor dispute and will not settle this
trike."
More than 55,000 Chrysler em-
ployes are idle here because of the
trikes by which the U.A.W.A. is at-
tempting to enforce a demand for
exclusive bargaining rights.
Petition Is Sudden
The injunction petition, directed
against the U.A.W.A., the Committee
for Industrial Organization, and the
strikers who it said are "no longer
employes," came suddenly today dur-
ing a recess in conferences of officials
of corporation and union.
Circuit Judge Allan Campbell is-
sued an order for strike leaders to
"show cause" at 9:30 a.m. Saturday
why a temporary injunction should
not be issued.
The company's petition described
the strikers as "wilful, malicious and
continuous trespassers who are with-
out pecuniary responsibility to re-
spond in damages for their unlawful
acts."
Martin, one of those named as de-
fendants in the action, said:
"Again we see the Chrysler Corpor-
ation making the same mistake that
other corporations have made-that
of endeavoring to institute, law by
injunction."
Martin In Conference
Martin, who arrived f-rom Wash-
ington this morning and left for Chi-
cago tonight, participated 'in union
conferences with officials of General
Motors, reported to be near a final
agreement on issues remaining from
the strikes that paralyzed plants of
the world's largest automobile pro-
ducer in January.
After the meeting adjourned this
evening, Wyndham Mortimer, first
vice-president of the union, an-
nounced tentative agreement on all
points at issue had bee reached,
and that a final settlement might
be concluded tomorrow. Mortimer
did not disclose details of any agree-
ment made, but said the last point
settled was the union's demand for a
national minimum hourly wage.
The conferees will reconvene at 10
a.m. (E.S.T.) tomorrow. Mortimer
said they hoped to be able to make
a joint announcement shortly after
noon.
Calls Detroit Conference
Martin called a conference of 200
delegates of U.A.W.A. locals to as-
semble at Detroit Saturday to give its
approval to the final agreement. Such
a conference at Flint, Mich., early in
January set up the union "board of
strategy" and gave it unauthority
to act in the General Motors strikes.
Also in progress late today was a
conference of officials of the Hudson
Motor Car Co., whose three plants
were closed by sit-down strikes Mon-
day a few hours before the Chrysler
workers ceased work, with A. N. Doll,
president of the Hudson U.A.W.A
local, and other union local leaders.
More than 10,000 Hudson employes
are out of work because of the strike.
Complicating the General Motors
conversations was a new sit-down by
U.A.W.A. members in the Corpora-
tion's Chevrolet and Fisher Body
plants at St. Louis, Mo., in protest

against the "Chevrolet Workers
Guild," which they termed a "com-
pany union."
Electronic Institute
To BringSpeakers
To enable teachers, engineers and
physicists to "broaden and unify their
grasp of fundamental electronic prin-
ciples," the University Electronics In-
stitute, first of its kind, will bring a

Chrysler Institutes
Injunction Action
Tr Eject Strikers

(Continued on Page 5)
Heavy Buying
Sends Market
o New Peak
NEW YORK, March 10.-(P)-
Worldwide buying on an intensive
scale lifted a broad range of com-
modity prices to new post-depression
peaks today in one of the widest ad-
vances in recent years.
In unison, shares of companies ex-

Parker Asserts First Job Places
College Graduate In 'Cold Water'

a
1

Atom's Nucleus Is Made Subject
Of Physics Department's Study

When the college graduate first a
obtains a job in a big organization,
he is comparable to a man who is
dropped in cold water, P. W. Parker,
vice-president of the Detroit Edison
Co., told members of the Occupation-
al Information Conference meeting
last night in the Union.
It is up to the new employe to ac-
climate himself to the conditions of
his job, Mr. Parker said, by showing
initiative, resourcefulness, tolerance
and cooperation.
Referring to what the employer
rizpirps in tIhg.rn1 crAxcv .r op c,-., ,,_ -

IE
I
f
A
1

er added, don't care about getting pecte to benefit from price ad- EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second
vances shot up from $1to $p or more of a series of three articles dealing
men with specialized training, since with the work of the cyclotron and
the employer wants to train men in forward othe duyinirush tha tcakr d hat may be accomplished with its
forwrd the diisins f te sock aid. The third, which will follow
his own fashion. shortly, will consider the work that has
Taiga definite objective in the market as well. already been done in the study of
Takingoemntenterpiesinah Cotton, with a net advance in some nuclear structure.
field of government enterprises was futures of as much as 95 cents a bale, By SAUL R. KLEIMAN
advanced as the best course for a led the upward surge, with grains, Mysteries of matter may be mys-
student expecting to enter those oc- nonferrous metals, rubber, coffee, silk, teries no more when the physics de-
cupations by J. F. Ballenger, district hides and cottonseed-oil futures fol- partment's research into nuclear
manager of the Detroit.social security lowing sharply. Silk sales set a new structure by means of the atom-
board, in a talk yesterday afternoon record on the New York Commodity smashing cyclotron is completed.
before the conference. Exchange, 9,370 bales changing Although the physicist already
Not all welfare work is directly hands, against the previous best fig- knows a great deal about the exterior
concerned with cases, he emphasized ure of 6,850. make-up of the atom, little is known
in describing the types of social se- While prices have pointed upward of the configuration of its nucleus.

makeup of the interior of the atom,
but since they lack factual back-
ground they are but "stabs in the
dark." The cyclotron may provide
that background.
With the cyclotron, palladium has
been bombarded with deuterons-the
nuclei of heavyrhydrogen atoms-and
converted to radioactive palladium,
the emanations of which are much
the same as those of radium, and
then to silver.
By studying the paths of the rays
emanating from the bombarded sub-
stance and the new substance pro-
,,a crt mn v fn.*c ,en hP Him-

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