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January 31, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-01-31

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s

The Weather
Rain turning to snow, colder
today; tomorrow generally fair.

L

A6F 41P
.Iiitr4t g an

1

EditorialB
Some Aspects Of The
Automobile Labor Dispute .. .

VOL. XLVII No. 94 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JAN. 31, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Murphy Reassuines
Duties Of Mediator
In GM-UAW Battled

Strike Storm Center

Use Of Courts Declared
To Be One Of Peaceful
Settlement Methods
Governor Refuses
To Disclose Plans
Failure Of Sloan-Perkins
Secret Parley Results In
Tighter Deadlock
STRIKES AT A GLANCE
(By The Associated Press)
Strike in General Motors plants
one month old with opposing sides
still far apart as Perkins-Sloan con-
ference fails. Secretary Perkins calls
Sloan withdrawal from tentative
agreement "an extraordinary per-
formance."
Occupancy of two Flint body plants
by "sit down" strikers continues ob-
stacle to peace negotiations.
Conciliation again undertaken by
Governor Murphy; Governor de-
clines to disclose immediate plans;
reiterates determination to prevent
"force, violence and bloodshed."
General Motors claims 83 per cent
of 149,249 workers affected by plant
shut-downs have indicated opposition
to U.A.W.A. and desire to return to
work; Union charges coercion.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.-(RP)-
Secretary Perkins, at first stunned by
a new collapse in her negotiations for
peace in the automobile strike, re-
newed her efforts behind the scenes
tonight.
She intended, associates said, to
confer with colleagues over the week-
end. She was not expected to re-
sume conferences with representa-
tives of General Motors or the strik-
, g United Automobile workers be-
fore Monday.
Perkins 'Had Assurances'
Clashing statements .issued from
the labor department and General
Motors today concerning the collapse
of the peace maneuvers last night.
Miss Perkins' associates said that af-
ter a meeting last night with the
General Motors president, Alfred P.
Sloan, Jr., the labor secretary was
confident the concern and the strik-
ers would resume negotiations.
Today Miss Perkins said ruefully:
"I had assurances and I gave as-
surances, and then the assurances
were withdrawn."
She termed this an "extraordinary
performance."
But Sloan emphatically denied that
he had agreed to her proposal.
DETROIT, Jan. 30.-(,P)--The task
of attempting to reestablish a truce
between General Motors and the
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ica was undertaken by Governor
Frank Murphy again tonight as the
strike that has paralyzed the cor-
poration's plants throughout the
country ended its first month.
The deadlock between the opposing
sides apparently was tighter than
ever after the failure of a secret con-
ference in Washington yesterday be-
tween Secretary of Labor Perkins and
Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., corporation
president. Continued occupancy of
two Flint body plants by strikers who
"sat down" on Dec. 30 remained as
the chief obstacle in the path toward
joint deliberations on eight demands
of the union.
Agreement Ends Monday
Governor Murphy, declining to dis-
close his future moves or the "im-
mediate plan of action" he has been
withholding for several days, was in
Detroit, apparently ready for inten-
sive effort to find a basis of concilia-
tion before the once-violated "Lan-
sing agreement" expires on Monday.
He reiterated today his opposition
to "force and violence" and looked
with disfavor on a report that he
might subpoena General Motors of-

ficials and leaders of striking United
Automobile Workers of America to
appear before a state department of
labor hearing.
Of General Motors' injunction suit
(Continued on Page 2)
Publication Of Daily
To Resume Feb. 16
As the University goes into the
fi .mn ,,,,.b..' n.rind of frol P vmvina. _

Nation Dances
At Rooseelts
Birthday Party
Paralysis Sufferers' Fund
Will Receive Proceeds
From 5,000 Dances
WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.-(A)-
President Roosevelt was the unseen
guest of honor tonight at more than
5,000 parties celebrating his birth-
day and his fight against infantile
paralysis.
In cities and towns throughout the
nation, the birthday balls reaped a
harvest of cash for a nation-wide
fight against the disease which crip-
pled the President and now afflicts
300,000 young Americans.
Mr. Roosevelt invited his old
"birthday gang" to join him at the
White House around a cake bearing
five candles, one for each of his years
past 50.
Some of that group-newspaper-
men assigned to the Navy Depart-
ment when he was assistant secretary
-have attended his birthday dinners
for 20 years.
Of his old friends, only Louis Mc-
Henry Howe, his journalist-secretary
who died last year, was missing.
The President set aside six min-
utes, beginning at 11:24 Eastern
Standard Time, to speak by radio to
the thousands of merrymakers else-
where.
Banners at some carried the fa-
miliar slogan of this and other
Roosevelt birthday balls:
"Millions will dance so that thou-
sands may walk."
After the dinner Mrs. Roosevelt
planned to visit each of the celebra-
tions in Washington's seven largest
hotels-along with Jean Harlow,
Robert Taylor, and other celebrities.
At her last stop she hoped to cut
a gigantic birthday cake and hear the
President's radio talk.
Chrysler Employes
Vote UAWA Control
DETROIT, Jan. 30.-(P)-Richard
T. Frankensteen, Detroit organiza-
tional director of the United Auto-
mobile Workers of America an-
nounced today that elections held
during the past week by employes of
the Chrysler Corporation had given
the International Union control of
the Chrysler "employe representative
system."
Frankensteen declared union can-
didates had won a majority of the
posts on the collective bargaining
committees as set up in Chrysler
plants under the representation sys-
tem created under the now discarded
Automobile Labor Board.
Frankensteen announced the union
had won 12 out of 23 posts at the
Plymouth factory; all 12 delegates at
the Kercheval plant of Chrysler; 7
out of 14 at the Jefferson plant of
Chrysler; 7 out of 8 at the De Soto
plant and 46 out of 52 at the Dodge
plant.

GOV. FRANK MURPHY
Rice To Deliver
Sermon On Life
In India,_Today
Lemon To Give Last Talk
On Practical Christian' s
Faith At 4:30 P.M.
Dr. C. Herbert Rice, principal of
Allahabad Christian College, Allaha-
bad; India, will give an address at
the regular 10:45 a.m. services of the
First Presbyterian church today.
Dr. Rice, an Iowan by birth, is a
graduate of Wooster College and the
Auburn Theological Seminary. He
has worked on studies of cosmic rays
with Dr. Arthur H. Compton, winner
of the Nobel Prize in physics. Dr.
Rice will speak on phases of life in
India as he has seen it during the
thirty years he has been engaged in
mission and government educational
work there. He will also speak at the
Westminster Guild at 5:30 p.m.
To Talk On 'Memi Kampf'
The last lecture in the course on
"The Faith of a Practical Christian"
will be delivered by the Rev. Dr. W. P.
Lemonat 4:30 p.m. The title of Dr.
Lemon's talk is "What Determines
Human Destiny."
A d o 1 p h Hitler's book, "Mein
Kampf" furnishes the title and sub-
ject matter for the Rev. C. W. Bra-
shares' sermon at 10:30 a.m. Dr. C.
E. Carrothers will lead a discussion
on "Certain Shifts in Religious Em-
phasis" at 9:45 a.m.; and Dr. Bra-
shares will give a talk, "That's the
Spirit," at the 6 p.m. Wesleyan Guild
meeting at Stalker Hall.
The Rev. R. Edward Sayles will de-
liver the sermon "A Poet's Creed" at
the regular wors1ip service at 10:45
a.m. of the First Baptist church. Dr.
Edward W. Blakeman, University
counselor in religious education, will
speak to the Roger William Guild at
6 p.m. on "An All-Absorbing Aim."
Hopkins Will Speak
At the Church of Christ Dr. Louis
A. Hopkins, director of the summer
session, will speak on "The Poetry of
the Bible" at 12 noon. "Personality
Detours" will be the subject for dis-
cussion by the Disciple Student Guild
at 6:30 p.m.
The Rev. Henry 0. Yoder, minister
of Trinity Lutheran Church will have
as the topic of his sermon at 10:30
a.m. "Hungry and Thirsty for the
Right Things.''
"Wingless Victory and the King of
England" is the topic on which the
Rev. H. P. Marley will speak at the
5 p.m. twilight service of the Uni-
tarian church.

Hitler Offers
World Peace
Cooperation
Repudiates Versailles Pact
At Fourth Anniversary
Of Rise To Power
Reiterates Demand
For Lost Colonies
BERLIN, Jan. 30.( P)-Adolf Hit-
ler tore another page from the tat-
tered book of Versailles that stripped
Germany of her colonies and turned
today to the world with a pledge of
"loyal cooperation" in the problems
of peace and economic growth.
To a tumultuous Reichstag as-
sembled in the red-draped old Kroll
Opera House, the Chancellor pro-
claimed that on the fourth anniver-
sary of his rise to power Germany
had regained her sovereignty with
equal rights before the world.
Standing before a battery of gleam-
microphones that carried his address
to the nation and throughout the
world, he declared "the time of so-
called surprises is ended" by Nazi
Germany.
Isolation Policy Announced
He reiterated Germany's demand
for return of her war-lost colonies
but did not ask for new ones; he re-
nounced a policy of isolation and
cited the anti-Communist pact with
Japan as an example of his willing-
ness to cooperate with other nations;
he offered pledges of neutrality to
Belgium and the Netherlands, and
extended a friendly hand to France.
He avowed Germany's readiness to
work with other nations for economic
development, but added that the
nation's four-year plan for self-suf-
ficiency must be continued.
Repudiates Treaty
Then, brushing back the unruly
lock of hair which plunged down
from his forehead, the Fuehrer de-
clared:
"I hereby most soemnly withdraw
the German signature from that
(Versailles) declaration forced upon
a weak governmentagainst its better
knowledge-the declaration to the ef-
fect Germany was guilty of starting
the World War."
"For the last time," he said, the
World War pact was relegated to a
back-shelf.
There was a roar of applause. The
uniformed Reichstag deputies, black
shirts and brown, rose and shouted
their "Heils." Whistling approval,
they flung out their hands in the
traditional Nazi salute. A few min-
utes before they had renewed for four
years the dictatorial powers of the
Fuehrer.
Hull, Assistants
Differ In Plans
ForlNeutrality
WASHINGTON, Jan. 30.-(')-
Word reached the Capitol today of
differences between Secretary Hull
and some of his key assistants over
how to deal with the raw materials
of war in a permanent neutrality
law.
Chairman McReynolds (D e m.,
Tenn.) of the House foreign affairs
committee said Hull believed it feas-
ible to control exports of such ma-
terials to warring nations by giving
the President discretionary power to
restrict them to normal peace-time

amounts.
But R. Walton Moore, assistant
secretary, and Green H. Hackworth,
legal advisor to the secretary, con-
sidered such a plan "hard to put in
effect," McReynolds added.
Moore and Hackworth, he said, f a-
vored substituting for the normal
trade plan a provision under which
American shippers would lose title
and interest in war material exports
as soon as the goods weretshipped.
M.Reynolds talked with the state
officials today about his own neu-
trality bill. He planned to open com-
mittee hearings on it Tuesday.
Christian Will Give
Bach Organ Recital
Resuming his series of organ re-,
citals on the Frieze Memorial Organ,
Palmer Christian, University organ-
ist, will offer a recital at 4:15 p.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium.
The program will be composed of a
group of compositions by Johann Se-

Rehabilitation

Is Begun

Daily Correspondent Visits
Louisville, New Albany
And Jeffersonville
Heroism, Stupidity
Prevail In Valley
Only Half-Acre Of Land
In Jeffersonville Is Left
Uncovered By Water
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Bonth Williams,
special Daily correspondent, returned
to Ann Arbor yesterday after a survey
of the flood districts. His third article
appears here.)
By BONTH WILLIAMS
The most gallant heroism mixed
with the most stupid inefficiency--
that is the picture of the relief prog-
ress in the inundated Ohio Valley as
the three cities of New Albany, Jef-
fersonville and Louisville flounder
dazedly in the wake of very slowly
decreasing flood waters.
Chucg Kennedy and myself were
perhaps two of five persons in the
flooded cities who saw conditions on
the same day in each of the three
cities. Jeffersonville is by far the
worst hit.
Peculiar Attitude Noticed
There, on the banks of the fast-
rushing Ohio, the only plot of ground
in the entire city still above the water
is half an acre surrounding the Rose
Hill School. On that half acre are
clustered all that is left of the once
thriving community. Every dog that
could make the high ground stayed
there yesterday, and we watched as
they were shot down to make room
for the human beings who were
crowded in the same area. A cow
was shoved into the water while giv-
ing birth to a calf.
People in these cities are assuming
a peculiar attitude. Every third per-
son has a badge of some sort or other,
and a great many of the less directly
hit residents seem to be enjoying the
whole ghastly mess.
Youthful National Guardsmen with
smiling, unknowing faces patrol the
streets and stalk everywhere. In
some instances they are very useful,
but in others are a constant feeding
and housing problem.
Food Is Plentiful
The number of dead in Louisville
has been greatly overestimated, how-
ever, as have many of the horror
stories of the flood. Friday evening
the correct count stood at 169, and
indications were that it would mount,
but not reach staggering figures.
Many of the deaths were from na-
tural causes.
Food is plentiful and good in all
relief centers and we enjoyed excel-
lent meals at the relief kitchen where
everything is free and of the best.
Most of the poorer element in town
are eating more and better than they
ever have before in their li-ves.
The indispensible items necessary
for fighting flood are a pair of rubber
boots, very warm clothing and a
bottle of whiskey. Profiteering has
been practically eliminated by drastic
action of the authorities, who made
an example of one merchant who
charged $16 for a pair of boots.

County Red Cross
Given $9,220 Total
Contributions in Washtenaw Coun-
ty to the Red Cross relief fund for
flood sufferers reached $9,220.60 ,yes-
terday, Miss Josephine Davis, execu-
tive secretary of the local chapter,
announced.
The twentieth truck to leave Ann
Arbor for the flooded area was being
prepared yesterday by Camp Charle-
voix through Lewis C. Reimann of
Ann Arbor. Trucks have been pro-
vided through the cooperation of
gasolinecompanies and individuals
with the Red Cross.
Coin boxes were placed in 54 stores
in the city yesterday for the conven-
ience of persons desiring to contribute
money to the Red Cross fund.
Two shifts are continuing to pack
clothing and bedding at the Red
Cross store at 207 S. Fourth Ave.,
under the direction of Mrs. Arthur
Hockrein, and a group of men has
been organized by Dr. H. R. Shipman
to work nights.
Choir Will Give
Local Concert
To Raise Fund
Chrysler Group Will Sing
On Feb. 14; Tickets Are
Now On Sale
The Chrysler Choir concert, spon-
sored by the Glee Club, the Univer-
sity Musical Society, and the Men's
Committee on Dormitories, will be
given at 3 p.m. Sunday, Feb. 14, in
Hill Auditorium. The proceeds from
the concert will go to the dormitory
fund. Tickets are on sale at the
Union and at Wahr's at 25 cents each.
The 215 members of the choir will
sing Handel's "Largo," "Ye Watchers
and Ye Holy Ones," a 17th century
German melody, "Great and Glor-
ious" and "Spirit Song" by Haydn,
and Bach's "Jesu, Joy of Man's De-
siring," and "Ah! How Weary."
The choir will also sing "Dron-
theim" by Protheroe, "Pilgrim's
Chorus" by Wagner, "Invocation to
Eros" by Kiirsteiner, "Nebbie" by
Respighi, "Zueignung" by Strauss,
"Down Among the Dead Men," an
old English melody arranged by Wil-
liams, "The Campbells Are Coming,"
"Hey! Robin," Kern's "Old Man
River" and "The Gondoliers." Solos
will be sung by Pauline W. Higgins
and Floyd Flynn.
President Ruthven, Walter P.
Chrysler, president, and K. T. Keller,
vice-president of the Chrysler Corp.
have been invited to attend. Dr.
Charles A. Sink, president of the
University Musical Society and of
the School of Music will act as toast
master.
Short talks will be given at the
banquet by Joseph A. Bursley, dean
of students and Prof. Henry C. An-
derson, of the engineering college.

572,000 Left Homeless
In Ohio Valley; Property
Loss Is 400 Million
Paducah In Danger
Of Surging Waters
Evansville Is Half Under
Water; Depth Reaches
12 Feet InCity
(By The Associated Press)
Sixty billion tons of water-too
great an enemy for human mind to
measure, too mighty a force for man
to conquer-rolled slowly, relentless-
ly on today; toward Cairo, crouched
behind her fortifications; toward
proud Paducah, already fleeing the
river's wrath; toward the whole rich
lower Mississippi valley.
Behind, from Pittsburgh on down
through Wheeling, Portsmouth,
Huntington, Cincinnati, Louisville,
lay death, destruction, disease.
Ahead, from Cairo down to the sea,
was apprehension, dread and inevit-
able further destruction.
For two weeks the Ohio has been
on its orgy, whipped to drunken ruth-
lessness by the many lesser streams
that feed it. Last night it forces no
whit spent, it counted this cost to
Ohio valley dwellers:
Flood Recedes At Louisville
An estimated 400 dead.
An estimated property damage to
$400,000,000.
800,000 homes flooded.
(X) 572,010 persons homeless.
(X) 236,007 persons marooned.
(X)-Official Red Cross figures,
Washington experts said the flood.
would set a new all-time high for
property damage.
At Cincinna ., rehabilitation has
begun. "Business as usual" may be
the watchword tomorrow or Tuesday;
not quite "as usual," rephaps, but
business just the same. Most em-
ployers handed out the usual Satur-
day pay envelope yesterday, even
though few workmen were able to be
on the job during the flood days.
Louisville, struck the heaviest blow
of all, watched the waters recede,
and began rebuilding what its mayor
said would be a "bigger, better Louis-
ville."
Drinking Water Rationed
Evansville, Ind., was half under
water to -a depth of as much as 12
feet. The river continued to rise, but
not so swiftly now. Drinking water
was being rationed, and thousands
of relief workers were enlisted for
the struggle to checkmate the dread-
ed rear guard of flood--disease.
Cairo, preparnig to meet the crest
of the flood Wednesday, lies between
a sort of aquatic pinchers, with the
Ohio on one side, the Mississippi on
the other. It was the Ohio today
that held the major menace. The
Mississippi, thanks to "fuse plug"
levees which, dynamited, lifted the
pressure, has been behaving exem-
plarily, as a father of waters should.
The waters of the Ohio at Cairo
last night were crawling toward a 59
foot stage. The crest, it is predicted,
will be 61 feet-a high water mark
without precedent.
Sickness Is Reported
The complete evacuation of Padu-
cah's citizens-8,OQ0 remained there
early Saturday-has been ordered,
"forcibly if necessary," so that when
the Ohio River's flood crest strikes
Tuesday it will find no human tar-
gets.
Much sickness is reported in the
Paducah area, but there is much
sickness everywhere-at Louisville, at
Cincinnati and in the scores of
smaller places where the river's de-
struction has been less publicized but
no less real.

Nearly 200,000 persons have been
innoculated against typhoid fever at
Louisville alone.
Thirteen million units of serums
and vaccines have been sent in all to
the flood areas to guard against diph-
theria, pneumonia and typhoid.
Roosevelt Outlines Plan
A special flood commission will go
to work Monday under Federal aus-
pices to see what's to be done. Pres-
ident Roosevelt's plan for emergency
aid was outlined by him at Washing-

In Louisville, Cincinnati;
Flood Toll Reaches 400

Ruthven Stresses Importance
Of Tuberculin Test On Students

Turkey Found To Have Made
Progress Under Ataturk's Rule

By HAROLD L. GARN
President Alexander G. Ruthven
yesterday stressed the importance of
the Mantoux tuberculin test, which
will be given by the Health Service
for junior and senior women from
2 to 5:30 p.m. Feb. 23 to 27.
"The University is very glad to
sponsor this program," President
Ruthven said. "I believe it is exceed-
ingly important that college juniors
and seniors take responsibility in
these matters because of their lead-
ership in society," he added. "I fur-
ther believe that they should under-
stand that this is the authoritative
method for attacking such a disease
as tuberculosis."
In 1931 the women of the Health
Service set out to control the situa-
tion among women students, he said.
The women were used as a test group
because of the high incidence of tu-

versity Hospital, Dr. H. M. Pollard,
secretary of the medical school, and
Dr. Margaret Bell, of the Health
Service then decided to give the tu-
berculin test to all entering fresh-
men women, President Ruthven said.
"As a result of this test," he declared,
"about 64 per cent were found to be
positive. All those who reacted posi-
tively to the first, second, or third
injection were X-rayed and 10 to 15
per cent showed old childhood type
of tuberculosis.
"In September, 1936, the Health
Service X-rayed a total of 3,485 men
and women students," he said. "Six-
teen active cases and 23 inactive cases
were discovered. The average rate of
active pulmonary tuberculosis for our
students, both men and women, over
a period of three years, 1932, 1933
and 1934 was 2.9 per cent," President
Ruthven stated.

By SAUL KLEIMAN
Whether or not Turkey is a dictat-
orship is unimportant in relation to
what Turkey, under Ataturk, has ac-
complished, Neriman Alam, Grad., of
Istanbul, Turkey, and American cor-
respondent of the Cumhuriyat Daily
declared in an interview yesterday.
Alam's statement was made in re-
sponse to the controversy which
arose here last week when Dr, Walter
Livingston Wright, president of
Istanbul American College, denied
that modern Turkey was a dictator-
ship, and Dr. John W. Stanton of
the history department maintained
that it was.
"The question of whether or not
the Turkish government is a dictat-
orship is merely a minor matter of
definition," Alam pointed out. He
believes that since government is but
a means to an end, the important

their religion and the substitution,
whenever it had previously been at-
tempted, had received violent opposi-
tion.
But Alam believes the introduction
of social reforms which include the
adoption of the Latin alphabet, pro-
hibition of polygamy, compulsory
primary education, and the reduction
of illiteracy from 91 to 45 per cent
are all overshadowed by the tremen-
dous advances that have been made
in industry.
He indicated that as late as 1931
Turkey was exporting a great many
of her raw materials and importing
the finished products. However, he
explained that as a result of the first
five year plan, Turkey now has de-
veloped industrially to such an extent
that it does its own manufacturing
in many fields.
The full national demand for sugar

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