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December 11, 1936 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-12-11

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The Weather
Generally fair today; colder;
increasing clouidiness tomorrow
with rising temperatures.

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Editorials
The American
Press Society..

VOL. XLVII No. 64 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, DEC. 11, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

t

Two Sit-Down
Strikes Called
In Auto Plants.
Walkout In Detroit Wheel
Company Is Suspended
PendingNegotiations
Flint Bus Operators
Are Still On Strike
Federal Labor Conciliator
Expected After Appeal
By CityManager
DETROIT, Dec. 10.-IP)-Two new
"sit down" strikes were called in De-
troit factories today, affecting more
than 4,000 workmen, but the larger
of the two was suspended later in
the day pending negotiations.
Both strikes were under the aus-
pices of the United Automobile
Workers of America.
An official of the Kelsey Hayes
Wheel Co. reported its two Detroit
factories had been closed after "be-
tween 100 and 20 employes in the
brake department stopped work."
Conference Scheduled
Two hour later, however, it was
reported the plant would resume op-
erations tomorrow morning, with the
strilers returning to work. The com-
pany was reported as willing to meet
strike representatives at 9 a.m.
Earlier in the day, 40 men em-
ployed on the night shift of the Al-
uminum Co. of America had called
a "sit down" strike, demanding an in-
crease of 20 cents an hour in their
wages. Time and a half for over-
time over eight hours a day, and time
and a half for more than 40 hours a
week.
The Alumnium Co. strike was
called at 5 a.m. when the day shift
workmen arrived, they, too, went
home and were to vote on a con-
tinuation of the strike later. The
day employes left their lunches with
the night men, who remained inside
the plant. .
Hope Seen In Detroit
Meanwhile, a Federal labor con-
ciliator was dispatched to Flint to
aid in ending the strike of bus
and trolley coach operators there
and on suburban lines in the metro-
politan area.
In answer to an appeal to Secretary
of Labor Perkins at Washington by
City Manager John M. Barringer for
Federal intervention, it was reported
that J. E. O'Connor would arrive in
Flint during the day and seek to
bring about a settlement.
Hope was seen in Detroit for im-
mediate settlement of the "sit down"
strike at the Gordon Baking Co.
Strikers demand wage increases. A
Federal mediator already has begun
work.
'Sit-Down' Strike Is
Legally Weak: Dawson
By SAUL KLEIMAN
"Sit-down" strikers, who try to
prevent the continuation of produc-
tion at a factory by "staying in" have
a much weaker legal position than
the strikers who stage a walkout and
then picket, Prof. John W. Dawson
of the Law School declared last
night.
Occupancy of a factory on the part
of the employes constitutes atres-
pass to real property which is even
more clearly illegal, Prof. Dawson
said. than picketing the plant en-
trances o persuasion or boycotts
carried on at a distance from the
plant.

He pointed out that there are two1
lines of legal action along which
the employer can proceed in order
to empty his plant of strikers and re-
sume production.
Civil proceedings, consisting of
either dispossession action or the is-
suance of an equity injunction, would
result in the strikers being ordered
to leave the premises, Prof. Dawson
declared.
Criminal action, under the law
prohibiting trespassing, would result,
he said, in the strikers being arrested
by the police.
"So far, however," Professor Daw-
son remarked, "employers have been
(Continued on Page 4)
The Carillon Today
5 p.m.

Depending Upon Ann Arbor's Goodf"ellows

I4

ood'fell.ow Drive
Praised By Head
Of Welfare Board
The Annual Goodfellow Drive is
leading the way in sane, helpful
Christmas giving, Mrs. J. W. Brd-
shaw, chairman of the board of direc-
tors of the Family Welfare Bureau,
told a Daily reporter yesterday.
"No longer are one or two children
singled out from five or six brothers
and sisters to be clothed or feasted
while the others mournfully eye their
more fortunate members. Now the
parents are consulted, the most ur-
gent needs or wishes of each child
are met, and a happy Christmas is
assured, a Christmas which will make
the whole winter both happier and
healthier," Mrs. Bradshaw comment-
ed.
The real effects of the disburse-
ment of the much-needed funds were
brought out by Mrs. Bradshaw. "If
you had worn shabby tennis shoes to
school because there was no money
for new shoes; if you had tried to
hide your feet under your desk for
months past so the other girls would
not notice those shabby shoes, can
you imagine what a shiny new pair
of shoes with rubbers to fit would
mean to you under your Christmas
tree?" she said.
"If you had worn overalls to
school right up to Christmas vaca-
tion, when all the other 'kids' had
knickers, can you imagine what a
pair of' brand new corduroys that
fit would mean to you under your
Christmas tree?"
To the proverbial 'Scrooges' and
others who would rationalize about
(Continued on Page 6
200 Invitations
Are Extended
For Symposium
Students Of All Religious
Sects Asked To Attend
Inter-Faith Parley
Invitations to the Second Annual
Inter-Faith Symposium to begin at
3 p.m. Sunday in the Michigan
League have been sent to a select
group of two hundred students of
every religious dejominaton on
campus, it was announced yesterday.
The Symposium, of which there
are to be four sessions, will feature
Rabbi Bernard Heller, director of
Hillel Foundation, Prof. Yuen Z.
Chang, visiting lecturer in English,
and Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the
history department, who will lecture
on the Jewish, Christian and Con-
fusianist viewpoints in a talk entitled
'Blueprints of Utopia."
An informal parley will follow the
presentation of the speeches and the
students will discuss the topics
stressed by the speakers. In this
way it is hoped that the exchange
of ideas by the students themselves
will stimulate mutualconfidence in
the integrity and sincerity of the

Over $314 Now
In Goodfellows'
Growing Fund
Clothing Accepted As Part
Of Movement For Needy
ThroughoutCity
With three days before the Good-
fellow Edition of The Michigan Daily
goes to press, more than $314 has
been subscribed for the fund which
is to provide Christmas and year-,
,around-help to needy students, chil-'
dren, families and hospital patients.
On Monday, Dec. 14, members of
Michigan honor societies-Michi-
gamua. Sphinx, Druids, Vulcans, Tri-
angles, Tau Beta Pi, Theta Sigma
Phi, and Sigma Delta Chi-in addi-
tion to members of the publications,
will take to campus corners in a 10-
hour drive to sell the special editions
of The Daily.
Cup To Be Given
An award, The Michigan Daily
Goodfellow Cup, is to be presented
to the organization showing the
highest cooperative spirit in the
drive. Last year's cup, won by Sen-
ior Society, is on display in the win-
dow of the Parrot.
Clothing will also be welcomed, the
Goodfellows announced last night.
Persons wishing to contribute shoes
or clothing may call the Goodfellow
Editor, 2-3241, to have them picked
up.
Yesterday the following organiza-
tions and individuals became Good-
fellows:
Goodfellows Listed
Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Phi, Col-
legiate Sorosis, Delta Kappa Epsilon,
Phi Rho Sigma and Pheta Xi.
J. W. Bradshaw, E. M. Bragg, Rev.
Bunting, John P. Dawson, Kenneth
A. Easlick, Henry field, Jr., Roy H.
Holmes, W. R. Humphreys, A. J. Jo-
bin, L. B. Kellum, Herbert A. Ken-
yon, Charles A. Knudson, H. B. Lewis,
W. J. Nungester, F. W. Pawlowski, M.
B. Pillsbury, K. T. Rowe, Myra E.
Schwan, R. S. Swinton, Clarence D.
Thorpe, Mischa Titiev, Stanley G.
Waltz.

Add $50,000
To Hopwood,
Prize Awards
Increase In Number And
Size Of Awards Is Now
Possible, Cowden Says
Total Now In Fund
More Than $372,000
Twenty-Five Students Won
$8,790 Last Year For
Literary Contributions
A $50,000 addition to the Avery
and Jule Hopwood Awards fund was
announced yesterday by Shirley W.
Smith, vice-president and secretary
of the University.
The addition to the fund is indi-
rectly from the Hopwood fund, re-'
verting to the University through the
death of a person to whom it had
been bequeathed. It brings the total
of the Hopwood fund, the income
from which is used for annual award
to students for work in creative writ-
ing, to more than $372,000.
Prof. Roy W. Cowden of the Eng-
lish department, director of the Hop-
wood awards, said yesterday that the
increase in the fund will make more
and larger prizes available for the
contestants.
25 Students Share
Awards have totaled $58.640 since
the contests were first begun in 1931.
Prizes last year amounted to $8,790
and were distributed to 25 students.
Major, minor and freshman awards
are given each year, ranging from
$50 for freshman to $1,500 to grad-
uates in the major division. The
awards are the largest given in lit-
erary competition to students in any
educational institution in the world.
The contest covers essay, fiction and
poetry.
The Hopwood awards were estab-
lished in 1929 unider the terms of
the will of the late Avery Hopwood,
alumnus of the University. It set
aside one-fifth of his estate-more
than $314,000-for awards. The in-
come from the fund, which is not al-
lowed to accumulate, is used for the
prizes. -
$76,600 Added.
An additional $7,600 was added to
the fund upon the death of Mrs. Jule
Hopwood, mother of Avery Hopwood,
several years ago.
Five prize-winning manuscripts
have been published and the awards
have attracted national attention.
"Straw In The Wind," which won a
major award of $1,500 in June for
Ruth Leninger Dobson, Detroit, a
graduate student here last year, will
be published by Dodd, Mead & Co.
in February.
Drive Started
Fo r Forestry
Camp Addition
A drive to raise $15,000 for the first
unit of a group of buildings at the
forestry school's Camp Filibert Roth,
in Iron County was begun yesterday
by alumni clubs in the Upper Penn-
insula.
The campaign is part of a 10-year
program to provide adequate accom-
modations for the camp which is
used by forestry students during each
Summer Session. The camp is lo-
cated 17 miles west of Iron River on

the shores of Golden Lake and is
under the direction of Prof. Robert
Craig, Jr., of the forestry school.
The first building will be a com-
bination recreation and dining hall,
Professor Craig said. It will be erect-
ed as a memorial to Thomas Clancy,
Ishpeming attorney, who died last
August.

No Democratic Question
Involved, Slosson Feels;
Ireland May Disagree 1
Dy TUURE TENANDER
The relationship between monarch
on the one hand and his ministers
and parliament on the other was
characterized as the fundamental is-
sue in the case resulting in Edward's
abdication, in the opinion of Prof.
Harloy J. Heneman of the political
science department, while Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson of the history depart-
ment feels that "there was no real
contest between royal prerogative and
democratic government."
"The outcome could not well have
been avoided," Professor Slosson said.
"The British ministry acted entirely
in accord with precedent and must
have done so whoever occupied the
throne and in that sense there was no
real contest between royal preroga-
tive and democratic government.
Consequently there emerges neither
victor nor vanquished," he added.
English Church Is Factor
"I believe that the result will mean
neither an expansion of ministerial
power nor the curtailment . of the
rights and privileges long ago as-
signed to the king," Professor Slos-
son said. In short, Edward's affairs
will effect but little the future course
of British history."
"Much has been said to indicate
that Baldwin and the English aris-
tocracy were glad to use this oppor-
tunity to get rid of a democratic
king," Professor Heneman said, "and
it has been pointed out that the au-
thorities of the Church of England
could hardly be expected to support
their king in his desire to marry a
woman who had two former hus-
bands living.
"Others are said to have rebelled
at the prospect of a marriage be-
tween an English king and an Amer-
ican commoner," Professor Heneman
continued, "but no matter how much
these thoughts have been in people's
minds, the fundamental issue con-
cerned was the relationship of the
king toward the legislative body.'
Fourth In History
The cabinet decided, Professor
Heneman said, that the proposed
marriage of Edward to Mrs. Simpson
was a public act and advised against
it. For the the king to have acted
contrary to the advice of his min-
isters or to have attempted to obtain
the active support of political leaders
in parliament for his cause would
have "turned back the clock several
centuries in British constitutional de-
velopment," Professor Heneman said.
"For the historian," Professor Slos-
son said, "the affair is interesting be-
cause, although the abdication is the
fourth in British history, it is the
first to be made voluntarily. That is,
an alternative was offered to Edward
which was not the case with Richard
II."
Public Duty
"Acts which might be of a purely
private character in the lives of mil-
lions of Britishers would, in the case
of Edward VIII, as King of England
and ruler of the British Empire, be
of a public nature," he said. "This
is one of the prices paid for occupy-
ing the throne. Responsible min-
isters are answerable for the acts of
the king, which are ofa public 'na-
ture and in cases where a difference
of opinion exists as to whether a
given act is public or private, it is
not for the king to decide."
Baldwin declared that only after
Continued on Page 6)
Debaters Lose To
OSU; Beat Purdue
COLUMBUS, O., Dec. 10.-(Spe-
cial to The Daily)-Ohio State Uni-
versity's debate team tonight defeat-
ed the University of Michigan team
in the opening debate of the Western
Conference season here.
The subject was: "Resolved: That

All Electric Utilities Should Be Gov-
ernment Owned and Operated." The
judge was Prof. Charles Layton of
Muskingum College.
The Michigan debating team swept

Ascends To Throne

Parliament Vs.KingReal Issue
In Abdication, Heneman Says

-Associated Press Photo '
DUKE OF YORK
Central States
Wildlife Group
Opens Meeting
Major Points In Managing
Of Game Are Discussed'
As Conference Begins
Spirited discussions, crystallizing
the major points in game mangae-
ment conflicts, marked the opening
of the Central States Wildlife Con-
ference yesterday at the Union.
More than 100 delegates and visit-
ors from 10 states, first arrivals ofI
the 200 expected, were present at the
beginning session of the meeting in
Room 216, the Union, yesterday. Of-
ficially welcoming the conference
members to the University, President
Ruthven declared that he was espe-
cially interested in the solution of
the problems facing the conservation
and game leaders.
Statements of the major factors in
harmonizing opposing interests 'in
wildlife management with Aldo Leo-
pold, professor of game management
at the University of Wisconsin deliv-
ering the keynote speech, occupied,
the program of the first general ses-
sion.
Prof. E. C. O'Roke of the forestry
school, declaring that he was assum-
ing a heretic's position, said that a
healthy stock of wildlife would be
much, more likely if quantity were
relegated to a less important position'
in the game scheme. The attitude of
the farmer in mistaking a farm
cleared of unsightly growth as more
important than a farm providing
this growth for wildlife was deplored.
in a general floor discussion. Trout
was declared to be much more valu-
able to the state than beaver but it
was bro.ught out that a plan should
(Continued on Page 2)

Law Of Alication Is Last
Step To Dethrone Edward
In Favor Of Duke Of York

King Gives Final Word
Of Counsel Toa'Bertie
In Dinner Together
Title Will Become
Mr. David Windsor
Will Give Farewell Address
To Subjects Of Empire
Over AirTonight
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, Dec. 11.-(Friday)-Ed-
ward VIII renounced the throne of
the British Empire for a woman's
love and today the Duke of York, his
brother and successor, took on his
shoulders the problems of a troubled
world.
Thus forces were set in motion
which may not be fully judged in
this generation.
Still king and emperor, Edward
awaited one last doucment, the law
of abdication, before becoming David
Windsor who would marry Wallis
Warfield Simpson, American-born
and twice divorced.
The king and the king-to-be had
probably their last dinner together
in Edward's retreat * Fort Belvedere.
There Edward gave what counsel he
could to the brother who will suc-
ceed him when the law dethroning
the one and enthroning the other is
passed by Parliament and signed by
Edward tmorrow, that will end his
role as king.
An Exile In Fact
He will be for a time an exile, in
fact if not by legal requirement. His
abdication, read in Parliament yes-
terday, gave his decision as "irre-
vocable" and surrendered rights to
the throne in the name of any de-
scendants. He cut himself off for all
time for the woman he loves and who
waits for him at Cannes, where from
the Villa Lou Viei she looked out
through drizzling rain, under dark
clouds at an uneasy sea.
"Long live the king," shouted many
last night, but many also were quiet,
disturbed and uneasy. They sym-
bolized the world's unrest, the chang-
ing times that shadow the universe
with war and threat of war, political
upheavals, economic changes and
grave doubt of what the future may
bring.
James Maxton, left-wing Laborite,
declared the "institution of monarchy
had outlived its usefulness" and
pointed to the present crisis as a les-
son.
Socialist George Buchanan spoke
of "pampered royalty" which is "sur-
rounded by a set of flunkies."
"If the king was one-tenth as good
as you say he was, why does every-
one want him to be unloaded? It is
because you know he was a Weak
creature and you want to get rid of
him," Buchanan said.
'I, Edward VIII ... '
Edward's blunt decision to sur-
render Britain's throne so he might
as an ordinary man become the hus-
band of Mrs. Simpson was given in
the historic House of Commons whose
walls never before in the history of
all England echoed such words as
were utteredl today.
In simple, clear phrases delivered
in the first person, Edward VIII's
choice between love and an empire
was given to the pages of history:
"I, Edward VIII, of Great Britain,
Ireland and the British dominions
beyond the seas, king and emperor of
India, do hereby declare my irrevoc-
able determination to renounce the
throne for myself and my descen-
dants, and my desire that effect
should be given to this instrument
of abdication immediately.
"In token whereof I have hereunto
set my hand this tenth day of Decem-
ber, 1936, in the presence of the wit-
i nesses whose signatures are sub-
scribed." (Signed) "Edward, R.I."

Confusion Reigns As Publication
Building Changes Phone System

By ROBERT PERLMAN
An uninformed observed might
think that an elaborate system of
red, white and green traffic signals
has been installed in the Student
Publications Building. But actually
the lights are only one feature of the
new telephone system that has been
confusing the staff members of the
publications since the system went
into affect at 8 a.m. yesterday.
The new system was installed to
eliminate the telephone evils that
have plagued thelpublication offices
for the nast five years. The hook-

branches of the main line, and the
colored buttons on the base of each
telephone enable the listener to plug
into the proper line to receive his
call. As soon as he is connected with
the party calling, all other phones in
the building are automatically dis-
connected and he has a private line.
Another button on the telephone
makes it possible to dial other ex-
tensions in the building and by this
direct inter-office communication
members of the publications staffs
hope to eliminate the traditional
shouting from one part of the build-
ing to another and the constant run-
niain and num n,.i +rc. nri *hrn,,nt,

k --- - -- -- ---
To The Goodfellow Editor:
myI wish to join the GOODFELLOWs. Enclosed find
my contribution of $ ...........to help needy
students, children and families.

Please send my copy of The Goodfellow Daily to:

I

I)

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