T ff P vt T ?;, Tli ?q.,A-N- hXlrY
WEIMM'SD Y, DEC. J, 1936
I't~i~ T TI~_. _A _
'~VEDNESDAY, DEC. 0, 193f
Of The DAY
(By The Associated Press)
Ships Battle Desperately
Against Lake Slush
SAULT STE. MARIE, Dec. 8.-(P)
-Ice-encrusted cargo vessels battled
through rapidly thickening slush of
channel and lake tonight as the lar-
gest shipping season the upper lakes
have seen since 1930 neared its close.
The coast guard cutter Escanaba,
equipped for ice breaking, and sturdy
built tugs combined to keep open the
St. Mary's River "bottle-neck" be-
tween Lakes Superior and Huron
against the threat of an ice blockade.
Woman Confesses Killing
Daughter Of M.S.C. Dean
EAST LANSING, Dec. 8.-(P)-
Miss Elizabeth Giltner, 25-year-old
daughter of a college dean, was shot
to death late today, state police said,
by a young woman who had been
helping her address invitations to her
Harold Mulbar, state police detec-
tive lieutenant, said that Miss Hope:
Morgan, 25, a close friend of Miss
Giltner for years, made a verbal con-
fession of the shooting to him.
State Senators Meet
To Discuss Strategy
LANSING, Dec. 8.-P)-Democra-
tic and Republican state senators-
elect preached peace in a joint ses-
sion here today and then adjourned
to hotel rooms to discuss party strat-
The pre-organization meeting of
the senators-elect, called by Lieut.-
Governor Leo J. Nowicki, Democrat,
Detroit, was one long round of jocu-
lar speeches, pledges of cooperation
and promises of bi-partisan support
for worthy legislation. At one time,
25 of the 32 senators were in at-*
Get No Change
Of License Fee
Fights For )liorgawtie Union Despite Sacrifice' Offer
Pratl Tells Of Unique School
For Carillonneurs In Belgium
-- - - ITAE DAILY
-Associated Prees Photo
From the seclusion of her French haven, Mrs. Wallis Simpson
(above) announced her willingness to give up King Edward so that he
miglht retain his throne. However close friends said today that she had
determined to become the bride of Edward despite this statemnt. The
statement of the twice-divorced American woman for whose love the
monarch has defied his government, was read to the press. by Lord
Brownlow, private secretary to the King. This picture of Mrs. Simpson
was taken several weeks ago at polo matches at Hurlingharp, England-
S pn Will Not Be Conquered
By Any Power, Says Albaladejo
The proposed change in the license
w fees for peddlers and hawkers' which
has caused so much controversy
among the sandwich men serving
fraternitywand sorority houses on
campus was finally voted down by
the council at a meeting Monday
Introduced for the third time at'
the council meeting, the proposed
amendment to the hawkers and ped-
dlers ordnance carried with it no
recommendation from the committee
t in charge as it was put to a vote
after Ald. Max Krutsch denounced it
as detrimental to the interests of
As the ordinance now stands sand-
wich men serving the students must
pay a license fee of $150 and their
assistants must pay an additional
license fee of $10 each. It was this
latter item which caused the con-
troversy, as the sandwich men
charged that with such a fee to be
paid, they could not afford to employ
The proposed amendment was vig-
orously attacked by A 1 d e r m a n
Krutsch, as 1,e asked the council to
stand back of their business men in-
stead of weakening them. He saidj
4:he had helped circulate a petition1
which protested the amendment
while another lengthy protest from
the business men is included in the
THIEVES GET PECANSt
SAVANNAH, Ga., Pec. 8.-(iA'_
Thieves stole 11 sacks of pecans fromN
Henry Ford's plantation near here.s
Police estimated the 500 pounds lossi
By FRANK HUSEMAN
"Impossible," said Prof. Jose M.
Albaladejo of the Spanish depart-
ment," it can never happen." This was
in answer to the question whether the
Spanish civilization would disap-
pear if Spain were to be absorbed
by Fascist Italy or Nazi Germany. "It
seems so evident that the Spanish
are heading toward just such a fate
for, as everyone knows, the insur-
gents are receiving money, planes,
ammunition, and men from both Italy
and Germany. To on-lookers, it ap-
pears that these two countries are
about to include Spain in the broad
expanse of their imperialistic policy.
But Spain will not be conquered by
Italy, Germany, or any other foreign
History Repeats Self
Professor Albaladejo set about to
prove his statement on the grounds
that history repeats itself. He as-
serte that the first occasion where
the Spanish language might have
been changed by an invading power
presented itself with the invasion of
the Carthagenians. The struggle that
ensued was between the people of
Sagunto and the Carthagenians. The
Carthagenians, with their entire
army, were able to conquer the Span-
ish people of this small town. The
citizens, however, rather than sur-
rendering, preferred to die at the
hands of the Carthagenians before
submitting to their domination. "The
struggle," he said, "repeated itself
later in the case of the Numantines
and the Romans. The Numantines;
wepe the inhabitants of a small town
in Spain then known as Numancia,
but later renamed Soria. These gal-
ant people withheld a long siege of
battles led by the best Roman gen-
erals, but finally chose the same fatet
as the people of Sagunto."
Moors Were Problem
"In 711 A.D. Don Julien, a traitor
to Spain, opened the way for an in-
vasion by the Moors, he added. The
vasion by the Moors" he added. "The
uccessful in overcoming the Span-
ish people. Instead the tables were
urned on the Moors, and after 781,
years (711-1492) all of the Moors
had been, absorbed or expelled by
the Spanish," he said.
Later still, in the Napoleonic period,
Napoleon's forces fought for six
years against the people of Zaragoza,
also a Spanish town, Professor Alba-
ladejo said. In this instance the
Spanards repelled the invaders, .and
it is said by some that Zaragoza is
the burial ground for Napoleon's
forces, he declared.
Professor Albaladejo drew his con-,
clusions from these cases and stated
that, "Spain is not a militaristic na-
tion. Instead it is one composed of
individualistic people, pure and
simple, who will not submit to the
rule of other nations. It is of great
importance to observe that even
though the Spanish were over-
powered in somie of these battles, not
once did they surrender," he declared,
"for they fought bitterly to the end.
Of even greater importance is the
fact that never has a conqueror been
able to absorb the Spanish people," he
said, "I am safe in making the state-
ment that Spain will not be con-
quered by Italy, Germany or any,
other foreign power."
WJR Stevenson News.
WWJ Ty Tyson: Dinner Hour (6:10).
WXYZ March of Melody.
CKLW Phil Marley's Music.
WJR ubinoa -Casc.
WXYZ Fact Finder.
CKLW News and Sports.
WJR Jimmie Allen.
WXYZ Day in Review.
CKLW Vincent York's Music.
WJR Renfrew of the Mounted.
WWJ Musical Moments.
WXYZ Lowell Thomas.
CKLW Lane Prescott..
WJR Poetic Melodies.
WWJ Amos and Andy.
WX)M~ Easy Aces.
CKLW Shadows on the Clock.
WJR Popeye, the Sailor.
WWJ Evening Melodies.
WXYZ Life of James Braddock.
CKLW Hal Kemp's Orchestra.
WJR Goose Creek Parson.!
WWJ Death- Fighters.
WXYZ Lone Ranger.f
CKLW Variety Revue.1
WJR Boake Carter.
WJR Cavalcade of America.
WWJ One Man's Family.
WXYZ Revue DeParee.
CKLW Imperial Singers.
CKLW Raymond Gram Swing.
WJR Burns and Allen: Henry
REAL HOME COOKING
Under New Management
615 East William, just below State
Less Tlan I&10Sudents
ErMolled in 400 Year
By ROBERT MITCHELL
4 unique school for carillonneurs
which has a stpdent body of less than'
10 and is situated in buildings with
history and tradition dating back
more than 400 years, was described
by Prof. Wilmot F. Pratt, Universityj
carillonneur, in an interview yester-
In the famous old St. Rombaut
Tower of the 13th century cathedral
of Malines, Belgium, carillonneurs
have trained and played since 1500,
Professor Pratt said. Here has grown
up and now, under the guidance of
Jef Denyn, foremost modern bell-
playCr, is situated the only school for
carillon training in the world. There
are three professors and about eight
students who make up the faculty
and student body of this school, and'
most of the class work is done in the
great tower, surrounded by all the
tradition of an ancient Cothic cathe-
dral and the memories of reverenced
carillonneurs who have played the.
bells for over 400 years. The bells
of this tower were cast by 12 different
I founcries, and the largest dates from
1480, testifying to their age and per-
manence and to the primitive qual-
ities of some of the parts of the caril-
"Class work in the school is mainly
individual," Mr. Pratt continued. "We
have one or two theory classes and
also a course where we study the
mechanism of the carillon. At the
end of this course we must know how
to install a carillon in the Belgian
manner. But most of the work in
school was learning and practicing
the technique; ofcarillonplaying.
There were two professors who helped
us do this, and the third member of
the faculty was a harmony professor
under whom. we learned the best ways
of arranging music.nThere were two
lessons a week, one in the school
building and one in the tower. Out-
side of this we practiced many hours'
connected to bells. Then there were
on practice keyboards which were not
spe:ial hours io practice in the tower,.
two hours on Saturday and Monday,
and one on Sunday."
400 Steps To Carillon
To reach the carillon, Mr. Pratt
added, required climbing a spiral'
staircase of 400 steps, which "took'
the place of 4 physical education
cpurse in the shool." Here was the
clavier of the old carillon with rough
woodenl handles which had been used
for centuries.in playing the bells, and
here, was also an interesting mech-
anism that automatically chimed the
quarter hours. This resembled the
WWJ Wayne King's Music.
WXYZ Ethel Barrymore.1
CKLW Tonic Time.
WJR Nino Martini: Andre
WWJ Town Hall Tonight.
WXYZ Professionial Parade.
CKLW Gabriel Heatter.
CKLW British Empire Club, Lord
WJR Come on Let's Sing.
CKLW Jazz Nocturne.
WJR Gang Busters.
WWJ Your Hit Parade.
WXYZ National Manufacturer's
CKLW Symphonic Strings.
WJR Musical Program.
WWJ Sport Show and Ski.
WXYZ Lowry Clark's Music.
CKLW Lloyd Huntley's Music.
WWJ Ray Shield's L~rvuc.
CKLW Johnny Johnson's Music.
WJR imm.ortal Melodies.
WWJ Dance Music.
WXYZ George Kavanagh's Music. I
CKLW Newts Reporter.
CKLW Mart Kenny's Music.
WJR Wismer Sports: Fryor's Music.
WWJ Dance Music.
WXYZ Emil Coleman's Music.
CKLW Kay Kyser's Music.
WJR Carl Ravel's Music.
WWJ Russ Lyon's Music.
WXYZ Morrie Brennan.
CKLW Cab Calloway's Music.
WJR Bobby Meeker's Music.
WXYZ Eavl Hines' Music.
CKLW Paul Pendarvis' Music.
CKLW Al Taain' S Music.
mechanisms in music boxes, only on
a larger scale. It was a large cylin-
der in which pegs were fitted in dif-
ferent positions, and as this turned,
pegs in various arrangements were
pushed down onto long horizontal
planks connected with the transmis-
sion wires of the bells and struck
various notes, resulting in a tune as
the wheel turned. All students in the
school had to know how to fit the
pegs into this cylinder to produce dif-
In St. Thomas Choir
"There were five requirements to
be met on the final examination,"
Mr. Pratt stated. "First you were
given one difficult piece to play. Along
with this you had live pieces to pre-
pare, and on the day of the exam
the professors drew a number from a
hat and you had to play the corre-
sponding one of the five pieces. As
third part, you were given a melo y
to harmonize and play on the bells,
and then you had to play an original
composition of your own. The most
diflicult part came last. Once in the
tower, you were given a strange mel-
ody which you were to play at sight
and harmonize at the same time.
Preparations for the exam took sev-
eral weeks." The whole course takes
ordinarily three years, but Mr. Pratt
was able to finish in one year. The
master, Jef Dnyn, at 80 is the great-
est living caillonneur in the world
and always plays from memory. He
is the subject of a poem written
about the last concert played on the
bells in the tower' before the Germans
occupied the town during the war.
Mr. Pratt's interest in carillon-
playing arose, he said, when he was
a member of the choir of St. Thomas
Church of New York City. At that
time Mr. George Arants gave a set of
21 bells to the church and Mr. Pratt
was asked to try them. This started
his carillon experience, and for a long
time he played without any lessons.
Realizing the growth of importance
of carillons in America, he decided
to specialize in carillon playin and
went to Malines on a year's leave of
absence. This summer Mr. Denyn in-
troduced him to Prof. Earl V. Moore
and Dr. Charles A. Sink, president of
the School of Music, and he was in-
vited to come to Ann Arbor.
Carillon playing is something like
that of an organ, Mr. Pratt stated,
only it requires much more energy.
The clavier from which it is played
consists of two rows of pegs which
correspond to the keys on a piano.
Foot pedals work the large bells.
Playing old carillns required much
work and definite pounding on the
keys, but much of this has been done
away with in the Michigan carillon,
as the transmission has been equipped
with ball bearings, making it the
most advanced mechanically in the
world. There are few regular scores
for carillons, and each carillonneur
adapts music to hi own bells or
makes his own compositions.
New Labor Board
(Continued from Page 1)
is believed to be unfounded, it will
be rejected by the Committee and
will not be recommended to the Dean
of Students' Office. The confidence
of those submitting their complaints
to the Committee will be respected,
Sullivan pointed out.
The purpose of the Committee,
Sullivan explained, is to aid those
students who are reticent about their
student labor problems in submitting
their grievances to the Dean of Stu-
dents' office and those who prefer
to deal with a student organization
first before taking their complaints
before the administration.
...and after the show or before-
320 South State Street
"At the Sign of the Clock"
Era sums Deserves More Study,
Says Hyma At Commemoration
Although we of the twentieth cen-
tury can understand Desiderius Eras-
mus better than the people of the
18th, 17th, or the 16th centuries, Profs
Albert Hyma of the history depart-
ment breught out yesterday in his
commemoration lecture, the famed
Dutch scholar and humanist deserves
more serious study than the century
has given him thus far.
The Erasmus celebration was
opened by Prof. L. I. Bredvold, head
of the English department, when he
told of the distinctive qualifications
of Professor Hyma, who was knight-
ed by Queen Milhelmina of the
Netheriands for his representation of
the United States last summer in the
world celebration, for the work of
delivering the address before the
After the lecture in an interviewi
Professor Hyma admitted that of
the four scholars giving addresses in
Holland he had been the only one to
tell anything of Erasmus that was
not entirely complimentary.
However such remarks told us the
most of the man and, Professor
Hyma stated, although Erasmus
wrote some very bad literature, made
some great mistakes, and made
statements that had to be "taken
with a grain of salt," such details
are mere finishing characteristics to
the nature of this man who for a
period of about 20 years was the
"prince of humanists and the intel-
lectual king of Europe."
The reforms proposed by Erasmus,,
Professor Hyna further declared,
made him a thinker years in advance
of his age. In his promotion of in-
ternational peace in an age where
war was thought of as inevitable, in
his desire for universal liberal edu-
cation, in his demands for thorough-
going changes in church and state,
Erasmus made attacks which though
very largely negative in direction set
the stage for action in, an age of
"His work was great, his influence
varied, and his life picturesque," Pro-
fessor Hyma stated. Desiderius in
Latin means beloved, Erasmus in
Greek means beloved and this Dutch
scholar is beloved to many scholars
of this day and those of the past.
LARGE assortment of silk scarfs at
$1. Beautiful patterns - plaids,
paisleys and ascots in triangles,
ascots and tabulars. B. E. Muehlig,
126 S. Main St. 6A
ALL WOOL flannel robes with con-
trasting binding on both collar and
down the front. All colors and all
sizes. Specially priced at $2.98.
Klines Department Store-306-310
S. Main St. 5A
A MAGAZINE subscription to Vogue,
$5.00. Brings joy through the year.
Stofflet News Co. 208 S. Fourth
A MAGAZINE subscription to . Life
$3.50. Brings joy through the year.
Stofflet News Co. 208 South Fourth
CHRISTMAS SPECIAL. Women's
silk hose. service weight and chif-
fon. Full line of colors and sizes
at 79c a pair or 2 pairs for $1.50.
B. F. Muehlig, 126 S. Main. 8A
Offers These Timely
Suggestions Of Ann
t _ _ I _...._... . ..._. _ ._..._.. .
FULL DRESS TIES, 25c. Meal's
$3.50 full dress and tuxedo shirts.
98c, $1.25. Ann Arbor Bargain
Store 113 S. Main St. Next to
Sugar Bowl. 11A
A MAGAZINE subscription to For-
tune, $10.00 brings joy through the
year. Stofflet News Co. 208 S. 4th
STOP IN AT OUR CIGAR COUNTER
-Cigars, cigarettes, pipes (im-
ported and domestic), lighters, cig-
arette cases. Complete line of
Ronson products. Calkins Flet-
cher Drug Store, 324 S. State. 818
S. State. 7A
A MAGAZINE subscription to Es-
quire, $5.00. Brings joy through
the year. Stofflet News Co. 208 S.
Fourth Ave 3A
THE BEST in gift selections. Esquire
Men's Wear and tailoring. 1319 S.
University. Phone 6527. 2A
BEST QUALITY, new, crop, .hand-
picked nut meats at wholesale
prices. Buy now for Christmas
baking. We have an unusual va-
riety of special ice creams, indi-
vidual moulds and frozen puddings
for the holidays. Serve some cran-i
berry or mint, sherbet with the
meat -ourse. McDonald's Ice Cream
Co. Phone 2-2553. 1A
ning Tonigt a
Prior to its New York Presentation
'The Good Old Summertime'.
- a comedy with a fine understanding of the prob-
lems of a Mid-Western family in the depression -
PLAY PRODUCTION at the Mendelssohn Theatre
BOX OFFICE NOW OPEN - PHONE 6300
Starting Daily Evenings
Today! til 2 p.m. after 2 p.m.
3 DAYS ONLY !
Amost important film event -
THE FILM THAT' THRILLED
NOW AT YOUR OWN THEATRE
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LAUNDRY 2-1044. Sox darned.
Careful work at a low price. 6x
CLOTHING WANTED TO BUY: Any
old and new suits, overcoats at $3,;
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TYPEWRITERS, OLD GOLD, andj
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NOTICES FOR SALE: Christmas greens, holly
TYPING of all kinds by experienced W'eaths, misteltoe. Christmas trees
and reliable typist. Reasonable and plants. Hallis Seed Store. 303
rates. 625 E. Liberty St. No. 5. S. Main. Call 5616. 209
203 NEW and old books. Antiques. 202
East Ann. 127x
Somletimes beneath the surf ace
Sometimes on the surface
Either way a real Photograph
can interpret it. But it takes skill
From New Yorkt
from Paris to Syd
worl has cheered
That's why we're
at prices within I
It's the one picture
Warner Bros. Present
MAX REINHARDT'S production of
'A MIDSUMME R
by Wil'iam Shakespeare M.s c by Mendeo'n
Jaaeies Cagney " Joe E. Broyn * Dick Powell
Anita kouise e Olivia de Havilland " Jean Muir
Hugh Herbert " Frank McHugh " Ross Alexander
lan Hunter - Victor Jory " Mickey Rooney
Directed by Max Reinhordt and William Dieterte
ROCKING THE SCREEN
3 II~ ~.. U