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November 03, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-11-03

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The Weather
Rain turning to snow, much
colder today; tomorrow fair,
not, so cold in west.

PP,

Ak iau

ttt

Editorials
Natural
Selection- -

VOL. XLVII No. 32 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV 3, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Coastal Strike
Ties Up 145
Vessels; Ports
Of Gulf Closed
Union. Leaders Walk Out
Of Commission Hearing
After Vigorous Protest
New York Shippers
Calling Conference
McGrady Expresses Hopes
Of Conciliating Coast
And Seagoing Operators
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 2.-(P)-
The paralyzing grip of a general
maritime strike closed tighter around
coast shipping tonight, sympathy
walkouts spread in Atlantic and Gulf
ports, and the iharitime commission
indefinitely postponed an investiga-
tion here after union representatives
walked out.
Thednumber of strike-bound ships
along the coast had reached at least
145 tonight and others were due for
tie-up as they reached ports from
San Diego to Seattle.
Sailings of two large iners, one a
trans-Atlantic de luxe cabin vessel,
the other one of America's largest
merchantmen, were cancelled in New
York after "sit down" strikes by sea-
men.
Postpone Inquiry
New York shippers called a con-
ference to discuss the crisis, which
saw spread of sympathetic strikes in
Gulf ports.
Up and down the coast, 37,000
union maritime workers were on
strike, and the jobs of 20,000 lum-
bering employes were theratened by
the tie-up in the Pacific Northwest.
Rear Admiral Harry G. Hamlet,
U: S. Maritime commission represen-
tative, postponed a fact finding in-
quiry when no union delegates
showed up for an afternoon session,
and employer representatives present
said they'had no statements to make.
Marine union representatives
walked out of the session this morn-
ing and protested Admiral Hamlet
had allowed employers to enter "con-,
troversial issues," which, they de-I
clared, he previously had stated were
"not within the purview of the in-
vestigation."
Unions Walkout
"The Unions cannot recognize the
authority of th'e maritime cmmis-
sion to determine any of the issues
in dispute, or to deprive the mem-
bership of the unions of their legal
rights for collective bargaining in
order to determine wages, hours and
other conditions of labor," said a
union statement.
The walkout was started this morn-
isg by counsel for the sailors' union of
the Pacific, who protested an opening
statement by Employer-Counsel
Gregory Harrison in which he charged
unions had many times violated
terms of agreements made after the
1934 coastwide strike.
Make Progress
Assistant-Labor Secretary Edward
F. McGrady said he had hopes of
effecting a negotiating conference be-
tween seagoing unions and the coast-
wise freight operators.
These groups were making progress+
toward new agreements when the
general maritime strike was called'
Thursday midnight by the joint ne-
gotiating committee representing all
the "solid front" marine unions.

The coastwise freight shippers are
one of three. employer groups; the
others are the offshore operators, and
the foreign and eastern lines.
Quiet ruled coast waterfrons, where
riots saw more than a dozen men
killed in the 1934 dispute.
"Sitdown" strikes by one seamen's
faction in New York forced cancella-
tion of sailings of the International
Mercantile Marine's tranatlantic lin-
er, Manhattan, and the Panama Pa-
cific liner Virginia. The Virginia,
one of America's largest passenger
ships, was due to sail for the West
coast tomorrow.
Fraternity Council
To Act On Dorms
The Interfraternity Council will
meet at 7:30 p.m. today to vote on
whether it will withhold or offer its
help in the men's dormitory project.
Before the council is the following
motion tabled last Tuesday night1
until today's meeting in order that
their representatives could ascertain
the sentiment of their houses: "We

Defends Communists

Fearless Vote
Is Demanded
By Roosevelt

Secret Ballot
Citizen From
President' Says

Protects
Coercion,

JUNIUS E. BEAL
Faculty 'Reds'
Are Defended
By Regent Beal
No Cause For Alarm, He
Finds, In 10 Communist
Votes Out Of 800
Regents Junius E. Beal, dean of
the University's governing board,
came to the defense last night of the
10 faculty members who voted for
Earl Browder, Communist presiden-
tial candidate, in The Daily's recent
poll.
"These professors have a perfect
right to vote in any manner they
choose," asserted the Regent, who
had previously expressed surprise that
there were not more than 10 Com-
munist votes in the poll. "I am sat-
isfied," he said, "that there is abso-
lutely no propagandizing in classes at
the University."
Regent Beal declared that '"there
is less radicalism at the University of
Michigan than at any other educa-
tional institution in the country. Per-
sons even come here from other col-
leges to get away from it," he stated,
assuring that "there is no need for
alarm in the fact that 10 out of some
800 faculty members decided to vote
for Browder.
"Indeed," Mr. Beal maintained,
"It is a good thing that we do have
some Communists here. It is up to
our youth and our intelligent men
associated with youth to keep our
thinking progressive."
He ventured that the faculty men
who did vote for Browder were "in
no danger and that the matter will
probably be forgotten."
It was Friday when Regent James
O. Murfin, Detroit attorney, told a
reporter of the Detroit Times that he
(Continued on Page 6)
A nti-War Play
First Offering
Of Group Here
In response to a great campus de-
mand Play Production will offer as
its first presentation of the year Ir-
win Shaw's "Bury the Dead," an ex-
perimental one-act anti-war drama,
it was announced yesterday by Val-
entine B. Windt, director of Play Pro-
duction.
The play will be given during the
week of Thanksgiving, Nov. 25-28,
with a shorter production which has
not yet been announced.
"Bury the Dead," Irwin Shaw's
first work for the stage, won the New
Theatre League's prize in 1935 for
its great social significance. The
theme of the play was described as
supernatural but the lines intensely
realistic.

Speech From Home
Is Campaign Finale
Scores Dictator Danger,
Says America Is Ruled
By MajorityOf People
HYDE PARK, N. Y., Nov. 2.-(A)-
In his final speech before the elec-
tion, President Roosevelt tonight
asked the voters not to be "afraid to
vote as you think best for the kind
of a world you want to have."
"There need be no strings on any of
us in the polling place," he said. "A
man or woman in the polling place
is his or her own boss. There was
once a time when the ballot was not
secret. That is not so today. How a
citizen votes is the citizen's own bus-
iness.
"No one will fire you because you
vote contrary to his wishes or in-
structions. No one will know how you
vote. And don't let anyone intimi-
date you or coerce you by telling
you otherwise. In the polling place
we are all equals."
Rule Of Majority
The President spoke from his Hyde
Park home in a nationwide broadcast
with Democratic Chairman James A.
Farley, Sen. Robert F. Wagner of New
York and Edward A. Filene, Boston
merchant.
He told the voters there was no
danger that democracy would ever be
lost to the American people or that
"demagogues" or "dictators" would
ever "thrive among people who have
learned to think for themselves and
who have the courage to act as they
think."
"Americans have put up with a
good many things in the course of our
history," he said, "but the only rule
we have ever put up with is the rule
of majority. That is the only rule
we ever will put up with. Spelled
with a small 'D' we are all democrats.
"Here in the United States we have
been a long time at the business of
self-government. The longer we are
at it the more certain we become that
we can continue to govern ourselves
-that progress is on the side of ma-
jority rule-that if mistakes are to be
made we prefer to make them our-
selves and to do our own correcting.
Making History
"When you and I stand in line to-
morrow for our turn at the polls we
will stand in a line which reaches
back across the entire history of our
nation.
"Washington stood in that line and
Jefferson and Jackson and Lincoln.
And i later days Cleveland stood
theredand Theodore Roosevelt and
Woodrow Wilson. All these-in their
day-waited their turn to vote. And
rubbing elbows with them-their vot-
ing equals-is a long succession of
American citizens whose names are
not known to history but who, by
their vote, helped to make history."
Student Wins G.O.P.
Letter Contest Prize
Donald Courtney Wingo, 1309 S.
State St. Negro graduate student
in the School of Education has been
notified by the Colored Division of
the Republican National Committee
that he has won first prize of $150
in cash for having submitted the best
letter on the subject: "Why the Negro
Should Support the Republican
Party."
The $1,500 prize contest was con-
ducted by the Colored Division of the
Republican National Committee

Landon Says
World Needs
Free America
Popular Government I
At Stake, Kansan Tells
Radio Audience
Joins Supporters
In Closing Effort'
Candidate Delivers Final
Plea On Eve Of Election
From Topeka Home
CHICAGO, Nov. 2.-()-Gov. Alf
M. Landon tonight urged the na-
tion's citizens to go to the polls to-
morrow "resolved that the American
way of life shall not fail."
The Republican presidential nom-
inee, in a final appeal to the elec-
torate, expressed confidence they
would be united in one aim-"to vote,
as Americans for the future of Amer-
ica."
Secluded in his study in the gov-
ernor's mansion at Topkea, Ilan., the1
candidate concluded his long cam-
paign by joining a dozen other sup-
porters of the Republican cause in a
nationwide election eve broadcast.
'We Dare Not Fail'
"It is the basic principle of the
American form of government that
so. long as our citizens understand
the issues that are before them, their
decision will be the right decision,"'
he said. "I am confident that the
people understand the issues.
"We face tomorrow a grave re-
sponsibility. This responsibility is
not only to our own well-being in the
years just ahead. It is a responsi-
bility to the ideals of free and pop-
ular government upon which our na-
tion was founded. It is a responsibil-
ity to a world which stands at a1
parting of the ways. The world needs'
a free America. We must hold the
line of Democracy. We dare not fail.
"We still have before us a great
task and a great destiny. We must1
prove to the world by our calmness,
understanding and unity, that de-
mocracy still lives.]
'Keep U. S. Free'
"We go to the polls tomorrow not
as farmers, not as workers in in-s
dustry, not as workers on relief. We3
go as Americans. And when we stand
before the ballot box we lay aside the
prejudices of section or of group. We
vote secure in the knowledge that we
are responsible to no authority except
the authority of our own conscience.
"And after we have cast our vote
let us be resolved to take up the task
that lies before us, not as farmers, not
as workers in industry, not as work-
ers on relief, but as Americans, de-
termined to hold this nation united
in the future as in the past-deter-
mined to keep it moving forward
along thekpath of greatness-deter-
mined to keep it free."
Relief Electors
Back Roosevelt,
Haber Believes
Most of the people on relief in
Michigan will vote for the Democratic
party, Prof. William Haber of the
economics department and former
Michigan administrator of the FERA,
nronhesied yesterday, although it is
difficult to predict how many in view

of the surprising Republican vote inj
the Upper Peninsula.
Although from 30 to 50 per cent of
the citizens in the Upper Peninsula
are on relief there was a large Re-
publican vote, Professor Haber ex-
plained. However, he added, "Many
will vote Democratic out of gratitude
to the Democratic Party rather
than out of fear," but whether re-
lief workers would have voted Demo-
cratic normally, Professor Haber add-
ed, was hard to predict. Regardless
of the Republican statements to the
contrary, he stated that the opinion is
widespread that relief will be reduced
by the Republicans.
In the poll of the Institute of
Public Opinion taken several months
ago among relief workers, Professor
Haber pointed out that 88 per cent of
relief workers were for Rooseveltbut
whether that same percentage has
continued has not been determined.
The amount of intimidation of re-
lief workers has been grossly exag-
gerated, declared Professor Haber, for
when the voters go to the polls they
vote as they please. Similarly, the
amount of intimidation by propa-
ganda about the Social Security Act

Close Gubernatorial Race
Is Expected; Fitzgerald
Strong Outstate
Murphy Is Favored
In Wayne County

Decision
Awaits
Brown

On Amendments
State; Brucker,
In Senate Fight

New Deal Fate In Balance
As Nation Goes To Polls;
Record State Vote Is Seen

By FRED WARNER NEAL
Approximately 2,000,000 Michigan
citizens, more than 30,000 of them in
Washtenaw County ,a record vote in
each case, will go to the polls today
to cast their ballots for President,
United States Senator, Governor, rep-
resentatives in Congress and a score
of additional state and county of-
ficials.
The gubernatorial race, which
promises to be one of the closest
in several years, centers around
Frank D. Fitzgerald, Republican in-
cumbent, and Frank Murphy, Dem-
ocrat. Fitzgerald is expected to run
ahead of his ticket, and while even
Republicans concede that the state
is on the fence so far as the national
race is concerned, Fitzgerald is given
slight odds. The battle is really one
between Wayne County and the rest
of Michigan, for while Murphy is
practically conceded the large De-
troit vote, Fitzgerald is expected to
carry most of. the rest of Michigan.
New Deal Is Issue
The Democrats in traditionally-
Republican Washtenaw County have
put up the stiffest battle in years, and
while local readers express confidence
regarding the state as a whole, they
have anxious eyes on Ann Arbor's
sixth and seventh (the faculty)
wards, which may swing the entire
county. These wards have always
gone Republican.
The New Deal is as much the issue
in Michigan's gubernatorial and
United States Senate race as it is be-
DETROIT, Nov. 2.-(IP)-Fore-
casts indicated tonight that elec-
tion day in Michigan would be
rainy, the weather "much colder"
and that snow would fall in west
and north sectors.
The weather bureau said a cold
area would cover the state tomor-
row and that "rain turning to
snow" would fall in northwestern
portions of the Lower Peninsula.
tween Landon and Roosevelt. For
Murpy is running under the New Deal
banner, as is the Democratic candi-
date for Senator, Prentiss Brown, of
St. Ignace. And Fitzgerald is almost
as much of an anti-New Dealer as is
Republican Senatorial Candiate Wil-
ber M. Brucker, former-governor.
Republicans who predict a Brucker
victory are hoping that Louis Ward,
third party senatorial candidate, will
cut into Brown's margin.
Treasurer Race Close
The closest race on the state ticket
will be between Howard M. Warner,
Republican candidate for state treas-
urer, and the Democratic incumbent,
Theodore Fry. G.O.P. 'leaders are
counting on Wagner to bring votes
from those who remember his father,
Fred M. Warner, Michigans first
three-term governor.
Republican incumbents for the
posts of secretary of state, auditor-
general, attorney-general and su-
preme court justice are given odds.
Washtenaw County voters will
chose between Congressman Earl C.
Michener of Adrian, Republican, and
Charles Downing, Democrat, for their
second district representative. George
McCallum, Ann Arbor Republican,
has put up a stiff fight against Dem-
ocrat John McGillis for the twelfth
district state senatorship, while Jo-
seph E. Warner, Republican, and
George L. Ennen, Democrat, are bat-
tling it out for the county's legisla-
tive seat.
County Candidates
County candidates of the major
parties are: probate judge: Jay G.
Pray, Republican incumbent, and
Harold D. Golds, Democrat; prose-
(Continued on Page 6)
1 LANTTINT niAWR IRiRP nT nnn

Penalized Lateral
Pass Legal Score,
Film Demonstrates
Football fans who have maintained
"we wuz robbed" when Stark Ritchie's
touchdown in the third period of
Saturday's game against the Illini
was disallowed have more than just
their belief to go by, the Michigan
coaching staff is agreed.
Moving pictures taken of the game
were run off yesterday afternoon, and
it is the concensus opinion of the
coaches who viewed the films that
Barclay's lateral was entirely legal.
The play in question came after
Johnny Smithers broke through
guard at Illinois' 48 yard line and ran
to the 35 before he was downed. Using
the next two plays to get back to
scratch after theVarsity was penal-
ized for offside play, Smithers com-
pleted a forward to Bill Barclay, on
the 25, and the Wolverine signal call-
er tossed the ball to Ritchie, who
crossed the line standing up.
Referee Lyle Clarno maintained
that Barclay's pass to Ritchie was a
forward rather than a lateral and
ruled the whole play incomplete.
Council Grants
Prof. Karpinski
Rates Hearing
Promise Action On Riksen
Appeal For Amending
Peddler Ordinance
The Ann Arbor City Council last
night granted a hearing to Prof. Louis
Karpinski of the mathematics de-
partment in his contention for lower
rates for residence consumers of the
Detroit Edison Co.
Professor Karpinski answering the
questions of members of the council
maintained that reasonable maturing
rates which he proposed would "abso-
lutely not be confiscatory" to the
company involved. He f u r t h e r
brought out that it would cost the
plants little more to produce 100, or
200 or 300 thousand more kilowatt
hours.
Professor Karpinski asked the
council to accept his proposal for
the city attorney to contend in chan-
cery court the "laughable reduction"
of rates that the company made. He
then advocated adoption by the com-
pany of the rates used by the City of
Kalamazoo in their municipally oper-
ated plant, which would give reduc-
tions to all using 25 kilowatts or 99
per cent of the consumers. The pres-
ent rate schedule saved a maximum
of 77 cents a month and for 83 per
cent only 16 cents a month, accord-
ing to the figures given by Professor
Karpinski furnished by the controller
of the *Detroit Edison Co.
The council referred the matter
to committee to be reported on and
acted upon Nov. 16.
The council last night also prom-
ised action in the appeal of B. Ray
Riksen, owner of a local fraternity
sandwich service, to amend the local
peddler's license ordinance, after
hearing his plea at their meeting
Freshmen Hold
Forum Meeting
This Afternoon
The third of the Union's Freshman
Forum series will be held at 4:15 p.m.

1 today in the north lounge of the
Union, it was announced yesterday
by H. Murray Campbell, student di-
rector of the forum series.
A freshman committee appointed
last week by Campbell will report a
question of freshman interest for
discussion. Prof. Bennett Weaver of
the English department will direct
the discussion on the question, which
has not yet been announced .
Following discussion of the ques-
tion suhmittPHb y +tha mm-ca Prn,

Pivotal States May Show
Way To Eventual Result;
Weather To Be Factor
Campaign Chairmen
Both Claim Victory
Weeks Of Campaigning
End; Congress Control
Also To Be Decided
(By The Associated Press)
The sovereign voter will decide to-
day whether the New Deal should
have another four years at Washing-
ton.
After months of thunderous and
bitter dispute over whether President
Roosevelt has been savior or de-
stroyer, and whether election of Gov-
ernor Landon would mean progress
or a step backward, the judgment will
The Michigan Union will con-
duct a radio tabulation of the
presidential voting tonight in the
North Lounge. All results will be
listed on a blackboard as soon as
they come in.
be handed down by the people. In
over 122,000 polling places they will
register their preference from before
dawn in the East until after sundown
on the Pacific Coast.
On the collective will in this 38th
national election depends not only
who will be inaugurated President on
Jan. 20, but who will govern in 33
states, who will occupy 35 seats in the
Senate, which party will control the
House of Representatives, and innu-
merable lesser questions of office and
social policy in the state govern-
ments.
RainIn East
All sides have portayed the de-
cision as momentous for the country's
destiny. Candidates have advocated
consideration of the issues and "the
record" on a plan above partisan
linesh. The major parties are di-
vided.
Despite forecasts of snow and cold
in much of the Mid-West and North-
west and rainstorms in the East,
preparations for a tremendous turn-
out have been made. Registrations
increased some 16 per cent on the
average, leading to an extension of
voting time in New York, for example,
from 6 to 9 p.m. to accommodate the
crowds expected. This may delay
conclusive returns.
Indications of a record vote pos-
sibly approaching 45,000,000, or 5,-
000,000 more than in 1932, have
caused speculation whether formid-
able emotions are at work in the elec-
torate.
Farley Has 'All But Two'
Should this turn out to be the
case, the eventual national result may
be foreshadowed in returns from a
few usually pivotal states such as New
York or Ohio. The party organiza-
tions have concentrated the cam-
paigning in several such states.
To the end, Democratic and Re-
publican leaders have insisted the day
wouldhbe theirs. Nevertheless, they
brought pressure to bear on the or-
ganizations in teeming cities and
farfung agriculture areas alike to be
sure to get their followers to vote.
Extra police precautions were ordered
in New York and other metropolitan
centers.
James A. Farley and John D. M.
Hamilton. the Democratic and Re-
tpublican chairmen, respectively, clung
to their clashing predictions of deci-
sive victory into the late hours last
night. Farley's was the more sweep-
ing, this time leaving only Maine and
Vermont out of the states claimed as
"sure" for the New Deal.
Hamilton, on the other hand, in-
sisted 320 votes-or 54 more than the
266 required for a majority - were
an 'absolute minimum' that could be
counted for the Landon-Knox ticket.

And between the two was represen-
tative William Lemke, the Union
Party candidate, contending neither
major party would get a majority and
the election would be thrown into the
House, resulting in his election there.

Prof. Karpinski Attacks Wisler
Report On Edison Co. Activities,

The article by Prof. C. O. Wisler of
the engineering school supporting the
activities of the Detroit Edison Com-
pany, which was printed in the Ann
Arbor Daily News Friday, is "incor-
rect and meaningless," Professor
Louis Karpinski of the mathematics
I department charged yesterday.
"The Wisler attack, (or is it a de-
fense?)" he said, "is full of loose and
almost meaningless phraseology, re-
realing so limited a knowledge of the
subject under dispute that one hesi-
tates even to point out these ele-
mentary matters. Obviously, once
pointed out, there will be a correc-

few days numerous wild, and wholly
unwarranted, statements have ap-
peared in certain local and metro-
politan papres of the Detroit district
viciously attacking the new rate
Schedule for electric current in this
area as approved by the state public
.tility commission."
He then went on to state that the
rates of the Detroit Edison Co. or any
other company have no relationship
with the capitalization of the com-
pany, and that the Detroit Edison
Co. holds no excessive rights to the
Huron River, as Professor Karpinski
had stated.
Tn this reard. Prnffen or rnin-

ft

i

11

Wait for The Daily's
7 a.m. Election Final
T A k

1'

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