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October 17, 1936 - Image 4

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Another Opinion On Fraternities
-Answer To The Previous Argument For Ending National Affiliation-


y _.



1936 Member 1937
Associated G le6|iae Press
Distributors of
CAoe6die Digest
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of
republication of all other matter herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
+$400; by mail, $4.50.
Representatives: National Advertising Service, Inc., 420
Madison Ave., New York City; 400 N. Michigan Ave.,
-Chicago, Ill.
Board of Editors
George Andros Jewel Wuerfel Richard Hershey
Ralph W. Hurd Robert Cummins Clinton B. Conger
Departmental Boards
Publication Department: Elsie A. Pierce, Chairman;
James Boozer, Arnold S.sDaniels, Joseph Mattes, Tuure
Tenander, Robert Weeks.
Reportorial.Department: Fred Warner Neal, Chairman;
Ralph Hurd, William E. Shackieton, William Spaller.
Edtorial Department: Marshall D. Shulman, Chairman;
Robert Cummins, William J. Lichtenwanger, Willard
F. Martinson, Chester M. Thalman, James V. Doll,
Mary Sage Montague.
Wire Editors: Clinton.B. Conger, Richard G. Hershey,
associates; I. S.'Silverman.
Sports Department: George J. Andros, Chairman; Fred
DeLano and Fred Buesser, associates, Raymond Good-
man, Carl Gerstacker, Clayton Hepler, Richard La-
Women's Department: Jewel Wuerfel, Chairman: Eliza-
beth M. Anderson, Elizabeth Bingham, Helen Douglas,
Margaret Hamilton, Barbara J. Lovell, Katherine
Moore, Betty Strickroot, Theresa Swab.
Business Department
Departmental Managers
Jack Staple, Accounts Manager; Richard Croushore, Na-
tional Advertising and Circulation Manager; Don J.
Wilsher, Contracts Manager; Ernest A. Jones, Local
Advertising Manager; Norman Steinberg, Service
Manager; Herbert Falender, Publications and Class-
ifled Advertising Manager.
300 U Years.e . e
S AID Dr. Albert Einstein at the
convocation of the University of
the State of New York in Albany in celebration
of the tercentenary of higher education in the
United States: "Desire for approval and recog-
nition is a healthy motive but the desire to be
acknowledged as better, stronger or more intel-
ligent than a fellow-being or a fellow-scholar
easily leads to an excessively egoistic psycholog-
ical adjustment which may become injurious for
the individual and for the community.
"Therefore the school and the teacher must
guard against employing the easy method of
creating individual ambition in order to induce
the pupils to do diligent work.
"The most important motive for work in school
and in life is the pleasure in work, pleasure
in its result and theknowledge of the value of
the result of the community."
The picture we see at almost any University,
including the University of Michigan, is quite at
variance with the ideals which Dr. Einstein ad-
vances. The unhealthy position to which the spirit
of competition has attained, together with the
near-absence of "pleasure in work, pleasure in
its result and the knowledge of the value of
the result to the community," is characteristic
not only of the students at our mass-production
universities, but of the spirit of the university
as a whole.
This is not strange. In our society today the
laurels go to the man with the unbridled per-
sonal ambition. If he makes a lot of money he
is a bigger man in political and cultural fields, as
well as in economic. If he writes a great many
books, however absurdly lacking in "value to the
community," he will become a professor sooner.
Sitting in the Parrot every morning at 10 a.m.
will gain one a much greater measure of social
recognition than will studying. No matter how
much pleasure the coach is getting in his work
he will be canned if he doesn't win.
And these standards will continue to prevail,
in the university as well as outside it, as long as

the rewards are distributed on the present basis.
It is too much to ask that "the school and teacher
guard against employing . the easy method of
creating individual ambition" when the society
to which the 1936 university is indissolubly bound
is based on individual ambition of a ruthless
sort. The parents of Joe College aren't going
to pay to see Joe made into an impractical
dreamer, with lots of half-baked ideas about
new art forms, internationalism, and e:onomic
But, after all, it's only the tercentenary of
higher education in the United States.
Resign yourself to famous names in sports. A
few weeks ago it was James Fennimore Cooper at
Marquette. Now Benjamin Franklin, at the U.

This was written by J. Frank Drake and
J. M. Mathes ad is a summary of the mi-
nority report by the Committee for Survey
of Social Life in Dartmouth College-on the
subject of fraternities.. The majority report
summary was reprinted in The Daily of
Oct. 2.
Majority Committee Conclusion
The substance of the Committee's resolution
is a recommendation that the national affiliation
/of all fraternities in Dartmouth be dissolved. The
full implication of the severing of bonds with
the national organizations is apparently not
recognized by the Committee. It is intended
that all the present national fraternities should
become local clubs or societies, at the outset
without names, badges or rituals, but it is ap-
parently not realized that they would also be
without houses and without alumni members.
Nor is it apparently considered that several
thousand alumni of the College would be deprived
of a living home on the campus, and that their
corporate organizations would find themselves
the owners of costly but empty houses, mostly
built at the personal sacrifice of alumni, which
they must perforce sell to the College or to the
new local clubs that would succeed the abolished
fraternities, and in which they could have no
membership and less interest.
That such a proposal is drastic goes without
saying, and it can be justified only on the most
considered and clearly stated grounds. The
resolution itself sets forth two grounds, the one
punitive and the other allegedly constructive.
The Committee states (1) that the system of
national affiliation of fraternities at Dartmouth
has failed "to a very considerable degree" in
accomplishing the ends stated in the fraternity
charters, and (2) that it does not provide the
best possible social units at Dartmouth.
That the punitive element plays a considerable
part in the Committee's recommendation is
suggested by the frequent use of the word "in-
dictment" in the report. To indict is to charge
with an offense, and the offense in this case is
"having failed in major degree to accomplish its
principal purposes." The very language of the
indictment is an admission that the "principal
purposes," or the "ends stated in fraternity char-
ters," are in themselves highly desirable. The
essence of the charge is that the national fra-
ternities, having voluntarily set out to accomplish
certain highly desirable purposes for the benefit
of their members, have failed "to a very con-
siderable degree" to accomplish those ends and
hence should be indicted and officially punished
by extinction. There is no allegation that the
national fraternities are bad or have a bad influ-
ence, the accusation being merely incomplete
achievement of a highly desirable purpose.
Majority Committee Resolution
The Committee enumerates the benefits that
the undergraduates receive-"First of all, they
inherit the privilege of membership in the or-
ganization which has a nationally known name;
they are entitled to wear its badge which they
receive as a return from the initiation fee; they
receive an embossed certificate of membership;
they receive the fraternity magazine; they are
usually entitled to send one delegate to the
national convention without expense to him or to
the chapter; they have the possibility of con-
tacts with other chapters; they are given a cer-
tain amount of supervision by their contact
with national headqaurters; they are furnished
with a ritual and ideals for initiation and meet-
ing formalities; their chapter may receive finan-
cial aid; they may receive help in times of 'emer-
gency; they may profit through their member-
ship in a business or social way after college."
All of this the Committee proposes to termi-
nate without a. suggestion that the local club
has a single compensatory feature other than
the possible saving in three years of $45.18, less
the cost of the club pin. If the 31 per cent
of fraternity men who do not regard the value
received as worth the cost are consolidated in
any one or several fraternities, it might be worth
the consideration of those particular chapters
to give up their respective affiliations and look
for something more satisfactory. As a basist
however, for the Committee's recommendation
that all affiliations be compulsorily ended, the
vote of 31 per cent is not impressive.
The Committee, in the resolution accompany-

ing its report, recommends that an administra-
tive officer of the College be appointed to work
with fraternity social groups. The undersigned
minority of the Committee are in hearty accord
with the suggestion, but we see in it nothing
that would call for the abandonment of the na-
tional affiliation. Rather do we think that the
work of such an administrative officer would
be made easier and more productive of good
results if the national affiliation were retained.
It is apparent that the national fraternities are
ready to cooperate with such a program.
Advantage Of National Affiliation
The Committee says, "the Committee under-
stands and fully sympathizes with the point of
view of some alumni members of Greek letter fra-
ternities who have found very material benefits
accruing to them in respectto business and so-
cial success as a result of national fraternity con-
nections. It is a fact that there are instances
among alumni of Dartmouth, as well as other
colleges, where membership in a national fra-
ternity has provided contacts that have de-
veloped naturally into acquaintanceships and
friendships that have resulted in furthering the
careers of the men concerned and the same in-
fluences are sometimes operative in the degree
to which a man finds social satisfactions in a

Another Opinion On Fraternities
We take exception to that portion of the above
quotation which states that although the na-
tional affiliation has been of direct and material
benefit to graduates, it is not of sufficient im-
portance to justify the national fraternity sys-
tem. The fact that it is admitted that in a
certain number of cases the national affiliation
has proved of benefit to a man after he leaves'
college, seems to indicate that it rests entirely
with the man himself whether or not he will
avail himself of this opportunity. There is no
justification in the argument that the many
who would take advantage of this opportunity
should be denied it simply because others, for
reasons of their own, do not see fit to avail them-
selves of it.1
Minority Committee Resolution
At the outset the Committee seems to feel that
since "moral fiber, resourcefulpess, and courtesy
are too personal and elusive to be achieved by
any direct program of activity," any system
which seeks to develop these qualities is to be
condemned. Since the "ideals and high spiritual
aspirations which the ritual embodies" have for
some Dartmouth men "very little vitality," and
are "not fully respected," or "would not be missed
by the majority if it were entirely omitted from
the life of the chapter," it is proposed, in the in-
terest of "honesty and individuality" on the cam-
pus to require all Dartmouth men to cease their
allegiance to these ideals and aspirations. It
seems that since "with small men no great thing
can be accomplished," the actual achievements
of the national fraternities at Dartmouth are, in
the opinion of the Committee, out of line with
their objecives, and hence it is recommended
that the objectives be abandoned. The dissent-
ing members feel that the Committee has under-
appreciated the Dartmouth undergraduates.
It is significant to note that, in spite of the
Committee's distrust of the ritual here expressed,
it later on suggests "new and satisfactory rit-
uals . . . devised and gradually improved over a
period of time." The Committee does not ex-
plain the basis of its belief that the next hundred
years can do a better job than the last hundred
have done in this respect.
Alumni Aspects
We believe that the Committee has erred ser-
iously in assuming that the abolition of national
fraternities at Dartmouth will be a matter of
little consequence to the alumni of those fra-
ternities. The Committee recommends that all
chapters of national fraternities be forced to
sever their. national connection even though
some of those chapters feel that their national
affiliation is a distinct benefit and do not desire
to give it up. We see no reason for the College
authorities' objecting to a chapter severing its
national connection, if it does not consider that
connection of sufficient value. By the same token
we can see no reason why they should object if a
chapter values highly its national affiliation and
wishes to continue it.
Majority Committee Resolution
We submit that the evidence brought out
through the answers to the various question-
naires in no sense warrants action of the drastic
nature proposed by the Committee. We believe
the very nature of the fraternity problem is so
complicated and delicate and involves so many
personal and intangible features-that any ac-
tion proposed which would radically affect an
institution that has been a vital part of the life
at Dartmouth College for more than half a cen-
tury should be temperate and not at all of the
drastic nature recommended under the resolu-
tion adopted by the Committee. We believe that,
if the recommendations of their resolution were
followed, there would not only be no guarantee
of an improvement in the social situation, but it
might-and in our opinion would-result in do-
ing more harm than good. Recommendations,
such as those contained in the resolution here-
with presented by the undersigned committee
minority, would, we feel, be entirely constructive
in nature and could, under no circumstances, do
It certainly seems reasonable to expect that
the appointment of a faculty fraternity adviser
would be more likely to be productive of good
results with the national fraternity affiliation

retained, because he would have the hearty co-
operation of the national fraternity organiza-
tions which are well entrenched and anxious
do everything in their power to assist,'and fur-
thermore he would have the valuable assistance
of many of the several thousand existing frater-
nity alumni which would be eliminated if the
national fraternities, to which they belong, were
The undersigned, therefore, offer for your con-
sideration the following recommendations:
1. That the President of the College appoint
a "Fraternity Supervisor" who will be an officer
of the College.
2. That his duties shall be to make constant
and personal contact with the various frater-
nities, with the officers of their alumni corpora-
tions and with the officers of their national or-
3. That, as a result of such contacts, he make
from time to time suggestions and recommenda-
tions for the improvement of the fraternities,
to the end that their ideals may be more clearly
realized and their presence in the College be
an ever increasing benefit to it.
4. That he attend meetings of the Interfra-
ternity Council as the official representative of
the President of the College.
5. That when and if he shall find in any

CEORGE KELLEY'S Pulitzer Prize
b winning play "Craig's Wife" has
en taken by Columbia and turned
into a motion picture of AA rating.
It is the kind of production which
makes motion pictures something
more than entertainment.
Harriet Craig is the type of woman
in whose home one does not smoke.
She has but one love in her entirely
unemotional life-that is the love
for her home, in a materialistic con-
ception of the word home. Her hus-
band is merely a means to that home.
She has no friends of her own, and
her husband's friends merely stand
in the way of the perfection of her
house. She is thoroughly frigid1
throughouththe entire story until the
final scene.
All of thIs may make the story
sound uninteresting-the samenesst
of the character's emotional pitch.
Nothing could be farther from the
truth. You will follow the story
tensely throughout. This is drama,
not light entertainment.
Rosalind Russell is the surprise of
this picture. Her portrayal of Har-
riet Craig is thoroughly believable.
Miss Russell even makes her char-
acter understandable, which is a dif-
ficult accomplishment. John Boles
as Craig gives an even performance
-you feel like applauding him when
he smashes one of his wife's vases.-
The sets are excellent; Mrs. Craig's
drawing room is a reflection of Mrs.
Craig's frozen perfection. Credit
should go to Miss Dorothy Arzner
Hollywood's only prominent woman
director, for her understanding di-1
rection of what must have been a dif-t
ficult script to put across in motion
Whether you will enjoy seeing
Craig's Wife is unpredictable. The
audience when I saw it seemed to be
held by the story from beginning
to end. But I think you will agree
that Columbia has turned out a first
rate production with George Kelley's
"Craig's Wife." -C.M.T.
Movie History
The following article is reprintedE
The irst series of films mentioned will
be shown here this winter by tet
Art Cinema League. For information
regarding dates and membership tick-
ets, inquire at the desk of te Mich-
igan League.-J.D.
the motion picture is important
not only for its persuasive social ef-
fect but because it is one of the two f
most lively contemporary arts andr
the only new art-form of modern
times. Unfortunately films them-i
selves are singularly evanescent. s
Some films have been lost and
others are completely destroyed. The
majority of films are still preserved
in various vaults, though the chem-I
ical composition of celluloid is such
that it is only a question of time
before the existing prints and nega-
tives are dust and fragments. Unlesss
something is done to restore and pre-
serve outstanding films of the past,
the motion picture from 1894 on-
wards will be as irrecoverably lost as
the Commedia dell' Arte or the danc-
ing of Nijinsky.
The Museum of Modern Art Film
Library has been established for the
purpose of collecting and preservings
outstanding motion pictures of all
types and of making them availabler
to colleges and museums, thus to7
render possible for the first time a
considered study of the film as art.-
It was fully realized that the good-
will and assistance of the film indus-
try as a whole would be essential to
the carrying out of the Museum's
plans, since most of the films de-

sirable for its collection are owned
by the several members of the in-
dustry, and are only to be secured as
gifts, permanent loans, or rights-to-
exhibit. On the technical side, the
Museum was much in need of expert
advice upon the complex problem of
tracing old film, of restoring films
that have perished chemically, of1
preserving them for the future, and1
of estimating the cost of amassing
and circulating its proposed collec-
tion. From the outset, then, the
industry's assistance was sought and
was generously forthcoming.
In substance, a museum report
based its argument for the need forc
a film library on the following points:
The art of the motion picture is{
the only great art peculiar to the
twentieth century. Its influence in'
forming the taste and affecting the
attitude to life of the public is well-
known, but little has been done to
provoke a critical or selective attitude
towards the film in that part of the:
community readily responsive to
the arts, and nothing has been done
to make possible a consistent study"
of its content, style, history or de-
There exists a widespread demand
for the means and material for study-
ing the motion picture as art, yet;
the bulk of films, both domestic and;
foreign, which are of importance his-
torically or aesthetically are invisible
under existing circumstances, and
are in serious danger of being per-
manently lost or destroyed by the ac-

SATURDAY, OCT 17, 1936

SATURDAY, OCT. 17, 1936
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.

College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, College of Architecture,
School of Education, School of For-
estry, School of Music: Each student
was given a copy of his official elec-,
tions, as handed in to the Registrar
during classification week. No changes
may be made in that original list as
to adding or dropping a course, nor
changing hours of credit where va-
riable, unless a change of elections
blank is secured at the Registrar's
Office, signedrby the proper official,
and returned to the Registrar.
Under no circumstances may elec-
tions be changed through vebal ar-
rangements with instructors, advis-
ers, counselors or departments.
No credit will be given at the close
of the semester for courses unoffi-
cially elected, and courses dropped
without permission will be marked
"E," unless an adjustment is made
through the proper administrative of-
ficial and the one dollar penalty paid,
where assessed.
School of Education, Changes of
Elections: No course may be elected
for credit after today. Students en-
rolled in this school must report all
changes of elections at the Registrar's
office, Room 4, University Hall.
Membership in a class does not
cease nor begin until all changes have
been thus officially registered. Ar-
rangements made with instructors
only are not official changes.
Students, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: Today is the last
day for the election of courses for
credit in this College.
Extra Curricular Activities: Man-
agers and chairmen of extra cur-
ricular activities are reminded that
they should submit to the chair-
man of the committee on Student
Affairs, Room 2, University Hall, a
complete list of all students who
wish to participate in their respec-
tive enterprises, in order that their
eligibility for such activities may be
checked. The names should be pre-
sented on blank forms to be ob-
tained in Room 2.

Oratorical Association
Course: Tickets are on sale
Book store.

at Wahr's

Notice Concerning Dramatic Per-
formances: All organizations plan-I
ning to use the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre or other University build-
ings, and all dramatic performances
sponsored by students must, by the
rules of the University, obtain thel
official approval of the Chairman of,
the Committee on Theatre Policy and7
Joseph A. Bursley, Chairman.-
Social Chairman of Fraternities
and Sororities are reminded that
applications for social events must
be filed in the office of the Dean of
Women or the office of the Dean of
Students on the Monday before the
event for which approval is re-,
Freshman Handbook: All transfer
students entering the University this
fall and those freshmen who have
not received this years Freshman
Handbook may receive their copy
of the same by calling at Lane Hall
betweensthe hours of 8:30 and 12 or
1:30 and 5 p.m. Because of the
limited supply of Handbooks those
who come first must be served first.
Flagstad Concert: Kirsten Flag-
stad, soprano, with Edwin McArthur
at the piano, will open the Choral;
Union concert series, Monday eve-
ning at 8:15 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
To avoid confusion, and to facilitate
the seating of the large audience,
the attention of concert-goers is di-;
rected to the following items:
The concerts will begin on time,
as any other one of the arts is studied
and enjoyed.
On June 25th, 1935 the existence
of the Film Library was made known
publicly. On July 10th its first ac-
quisitions were announced, including
the first feature film, "The Great
Train Robbery" of 1903. The Li-
brary's collection of books, stills, and
material relating to the film was
begun. At the present time, films
are being received constantly for the
Film Library. The gift of eleven films
from Mr. Harold Lloyd was fol-
lowed by the gift of eleven from
Warner Brothers, by two films from
Mr. Samuel Goldwyn and by seven
from 20th Century-Fox. Other ac-
quisitions will be announced shortly.
Two preliminary programs of films
are ready for circulation to colleges
and museums. One of these is a
series of five showings of approxi-
mately two-hour duration under the
title "A Short Survey of the Film
in America, 1894-1932." All of the
series of films assembled by the Film

and doors will be closed during'num-
bers. Please come sufficiently early
as to have time to park cars, etc.
Holders of season tickets are re-
quested to detach coupon No. 1 be-
fore leaving home, and present it
only for admission.
Parking restrictions will be regu-
lated by the Ann Arbor Police de-
Holders of stage tickets will please
come sufficiently early as to be seat-
ed by 8:05. (Enter main entrance
through doors No 1 or No. 5, and
pass down either side aisle.
Those leaving the building at in-
termission are required to present
their ticket stubs in order to be re-
The gracious co-operation of con-
cert-goers with doormen, ticket tak-
ers, and ushers, will be greatly ap-
Academic Notices
Phillips Scholarships in Latin and
Greek: The examinations for these
scholarships will be held Tuesday,
October 20, at 4 p.m., in Room 2014
Angell Hall. Candidates, who must
be freshmen registered at present in
at least one Latin or Greek course
in the University, will be examined on
four units of Latin or two units of
Greek. Students who wish to par-
ticipate in the examinations should
register before Oct. 19 with Dr. Cop-
ley, 2026 Angell Hall, or Professor
Blake, 2024 Angell Hall.
Make-up Examinations for German
1, 2, 31 and 32: All students who
missed the examinations in German
1, 2, 31 or 32 last semester or in the
Summer Session must take the regu-
lar departmental make-up examin-
ation to be given in Room 303 U.H.
on Friday, Oct. 23, from 2-5 p.m.
History Make-Up Examinations:
The make-up examinations in all
history courses will be given this
morning, 9-12 in Room C, Haven,
Geology H1: The make-up exam in
the Geology 11 June final will be
given Monday, Oct. 19 from 2 to 5
p.m., in Room 2051. This will be the
only opportunity to take the make-up
exam in this course.
Annual Ann Arbor Artists Exhibi-
tion: Open to public Thursday, Oct.
15 to Wednesday, Oct. 28. Alumni
Memorial Hall, 2-5 daily.
Events Of Today
A.A.U.W. The Ann Arbor and Ypsi-
lanti branch of A.A.U.W. will meet
at 3 pm. today in the Grand Rapids
room of the Michigan League. Prof.
Hward B. Lewis will speak on, "A
Chemist and the World's Food Sup-
ply." All women eligible to member-
ship are invited to attend this meet-
U. of M. Outdoor Club is sponsor-
ing a bicycle hike, this after-
noon. Leave Lane Hall at 2:30 p.m.
Reduced rates on bikes available.
All students cordially invited,
Outing of Liberal Students' Union,
2 o'clock. Cars leave church and
go to Saline Valley Farms.
Beta Kappa Rho party this eve-
ning at 8:15, Alumnae Room, Mich-
igan League Bldg.
Coming Events
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet at 2:30 p.m. Sunday, Oct. 18, at
Lane Hall to go to Scio for hiking
and games. Supper and transporta-
tion'will be furnished. All graduate
students are cordially invited.
Phi Eta Sigma, freshman honorary
fraternity, will hold its first meeting

Sunday at 6 p.m. in tole Union. A
speaker has been arranged for. Of-
ficers will be elected. All old and
new members should attend.
Tour of Clements Library for For-
eign Students: The class in English
for Foreign Students will visit the
Clements Library Tuesday afternoon
at 4 o'clock. This library contains
one of the largest collections of or-
iginals of original documents on
American history in the world. Any
foreign students interested may join
this tour. The group will meet
promptly at 4 o'clock in Room 201,
University Hall.
Trip to Ford Plant for Foreign
Students: The second ofrthe Uni-
versity Tours for Foreign Students
is announced for next Friday after-
noon, Oct. 23, at 10 o'clock. The
group will visit the Ford Plant at
Dearborn, one of the largest indus-
trial plants in the world. It is im-
portant that all who wish to join
this tour make reservations in Room
9, University Hall before Thursday,
Oct. 22, at 4:30 o'clock.

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