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October 14, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-10-14

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The Weather
Generally fair with rising tem-
perature today; tomorrow fair
in South, cloudy in north por-
tion.

L

4igun

Ar
:43att!j

Editorials
Dilemma
Of The Left ...

I

VOL. XLVII No. 15 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCT. 14, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Students

To Vote

Today In National
Presidential Poll

O-

Intercollegiate Survey
Nominees Sponsored
Daily Princetonian

On!
By

Balloting Booths
To Open At 9 A.M.
Identification Cards Are
Needed To Cast Ballots
At 6 VotingPlaces
The first day of voting in The
Daily's student poll on the presiden-
tial election, conducted with the co-
operation of the Union and the
League, begins this morning at six
polling places on the campus.
The poll is being run in conjunction
with a nationwide collegiate poll
sponsored by The Daily Princetonian.
It will seek to determine campus sen-
timent on each presidential candi-
date. A faculty poll will be taken
later.
The voting places will be open
from 9 a.m. through 12:30 p.m. ,and
from 1 p.m. to 3:30 p.m., today, to-
morrow and Friday. They will be
attended by members of the Union,
League and Daily staffs.
The polls will be located in the An-
gell Hall lobby, on the Diagonal in
front of the Main Library, under the
Engineering Arch, in front of the
Union, in the League, and on the
mall between the School of Educa-
tion and the College of Architecture.
The polling place in the League will
be open from 9 a.m. to noon and
from 1 to 5 p.m. daily.
Results of the poll will be published
each morning in The Daily with the
final vote coming out Saturday. The
complete results of the national col-
legiate poll will be available soon
after Oct. 20, according to The Daily
Princetonian.
The poll is being conducted under
the direction of a committee com-
posed of Herbert Wolfe, '37, president
of the Union, Charlotte Rueger, '37,
president of the League, and Elsie A.
Pierce, '37, managing editor of The
Daily.
Members of the committee stated
yesterday that "every precaution"
will be taken to prevent stuffing of
ballot boxes. Identification cards
must be produced before a ballot will
be accepted at the voting places. A
small check will be placed on each
card after a student has voted to in-
sure against voting more than once.
The poll is being stretched over three
days in order to catch all students
when they have their identification
cards. ,.
Faculty members and leaders of
student organizations endorsed the
poll and emphasized that every stu-
dent should cast a vote.
Casualty List
Grows As Wind
Leaves Luzon
MANILA, Oct. 13.-('P)-Casualties
in Luzon Island's three-day typhoon
stood officially tonight at 193 dead
and 654 missing while the number of
homeless mounted to 20,000.
Relief authorities feared disease
epidemics would develop.
Unofficial reports indicated the
death list probably would reach 400.
Every relief agency in the stricken
region, centering about 100 miles
north of Manila, went into action,
relieveing the refugees and searching
debris for more victims.
Major General Paulino Santos,
Philippine army chief of staff, sur-
veyed the flooded Pampanga River
valley by airplane and said it re-
sembled a broad sea. Ten persons
drowned and 50 houses were destroyed
when a dyke on the river gave way
today.
All the towns and villages in the
valley were inundated. In some
places the flood water was 20 feet

deep. Crops and livestock were de-
stroyed.
Flood waters, rising as a result of a
terrific rain that accompanied the
typhoon, offered the main disease
threat. They ran through a narrow
but heavily populated valley south of
Cabanatuan, provincial capital.
Relief workers called the typhoon
the worst in moder nPhilippine his-

Coughlin Reports
Fight To The Globe
BOSTON, Oct. 13.-()-The Rev.
Charles E. Coughlin told a press con-
ference tonight that he had taken up
with officials of the Boston Globe last
night's incident at Providence which
brought him into physical conflict
with a reporter for that paper.
The conference followed a day in
which Coughlin remained in his suite
at the Copley Plaza after asserting
he was staying over to "get' 'the
reporter, John Barry, veteran political
writer.
He denounced as a "gangster story"
an account of his assertion of this
intention, adding that "cultured
people don't stoop to getting
people."
"The only thing I have done," he
said, "is to remonstrate with this
gentleman's superiors."
"Has the matter been adjusted sat-
isfactorily?" he was asked.
"I am not going to discuss that,"
was his reply.
Taft Objects
To Spendings
Of New Deal
Asserts Landon Is Man To
Clear Up The 'Financial
Mess' In Washington
Americans need a man who has the'
courage to say "no" in order to clean
up "the financial mess" in Washing-
ton, and such a man is Gqv. Alf M.
Landon of Kansas, Charles P. Taft,
son of former President William How-
ard Taft, said in his address last
night in the Union.
Mr. Taft criticized many of the
New Deal spending policies and add-
ed during his discussion of farm
problems that the Republican soil
conservation program would be much
cheaper to operate than that ad-
vanced by the Democratic Adminis-
tration. The reason for this, Mr.
Taft stated, is that the G.O.P. soil
conservation program is just that and
no more, and does not include pay-
ments to the farmers.
"The difference in the attitudes of
the two parties toward business is
that the Republicans say to industry
that you can't do this, whereas the
New Dealers say that you must do
this," Mr. Tait said. "Monopolies
have continued to grow under the
New Deal and continue to be opposed
to the interests of the consumer and
the small business man,' he added.
The removal of two Cuban presi-
dents by President Roosevelt and the
conducting of the war games in the
Pacific were sharply criticized by Mr.
Taft in his discussion of peace.
"These acts did not foster the spirit
of neighborliness that should be ad-
vanced by the President of the United
States," he stated.
Landon will undoubtedly put into
effect a civil service system if he is
elected, the speaker continued. He
declared that Landon is persistent to
the point of being stubborn in the in-
sistence that his policies are carried
out. To illustrate this, Mr. Taft cited
instances in the career of Landon
while governor of Kansas.
"Local units of government should
retain as many functions of govern-
ment as possible," Mr. Taft said in
speaking of states' rights. He de-
clared that the fundamental prin-
ciple of self-government requires a
participation in the government of
the people directl-y effected and that
a too-great centralization of govern-
mental authority is opposed to this
very principle.
The closing of a large number of

schools in the state of Kansas while
(Continued on Page 2)
Coal Mine Workers Join
3,000 Strikers In Utah
SALT LAKE CITY, Cat. 13.-(P)-
Unions belonging to rival factions
in labor's current craft-industrial
dispute were linked in enterprise to-
day when coal miners were reported
to have pledged support to Utah's
3,000 striking metal miners and smel-
ter laborers.

Rebels Reject
Plan Offered
SLoyalists
Surrender Of Madri Must
Be Complete Or Not At
All, LeadersReply
Demonstrations In
Madrid By Women
Fascists Appeal To City's
Populace With Petitions
Dropped By Planes
MADRID, Oct. 13.-(P)-The
Government, draining its last re-
sources of manpower, tonight
mustered into the defense re-
serves all men who could should-
er a rifle.
Cripples and semi-invalids,
physically unfit to be drafted in-
to forces sent to the front, were
to be organized in a separate re-
serve unit.
Recruiting committees also
scattered through the city trying
to shame anner strata youths into

Woman Fractures
Skull In Bad"Crash
Helen Brittain, 24 years old, of 812
Catherine Street, in St. Joseph's
Mercy hospital with a possible skull
fracture as a result of a collision last
night at midnight when the car she
was riding in collided with a tele-
phone pole about two miles west of
Ypsilanti on the Washtenaw Rd.
Tom Reed, 25 years old, of 709
North University Ave., her companion,
said that a truck coming from the
opposite direction had forced them
off the road. Reed is suffering from
contusions, abrasions and severe
head lacerations.
Doctors at the hospital said that
the condition of the two injured was
serious but not immediately critical.
The car they were riding in was
completely wrecked.
Mr. Roosevelt
Backs Fund
For Education
Overflowing Crowd Cheersl
President At Kansas City
Municiple Auditorium

Republican Nominee Expands,
Fiscal Proposals In Interview

Says New Deal's Threat To
Government Is Major
Campaign Issue
CallsEmergency Of
1933 'Mere Sham'

Landon Demands F.D.R.
Explain Poli cy ToNation;
is Uncertain On Budget

.
3
1
}E
1

I

enlistment, particularly the so- KANSAS CITY, Oct. 13.-()-
called "senorito" class which so President Roosevelt stood today on
far has taken no active part. the stage of Kansas City's new mu-t
Steady downpours of rain driv- nicipal auditorium and asserted that
en on wintry winds enforced a the highest duty of any government
lull in the fighting of both sides is "to order public affairs so that op-
in the Madrid area, giving the portunities for youth shall be made
government breathing space in ever broader and firmer."
which to strengthen its defenses The school, the President said, "is
closest to the city. the last expenditure upon which
America should be willing to econ-4
BURGOS, Spain, Oct. 13.-()_- omize.'
Fascist officials declared today they Back in 1933, he said, the youth of
the nation apparently "had come to
had rejected a bid from "several Ma- the end of the road."
drid leaders" to surrender the capital "That was the condition that con-
in exchange for concessions. fronted your Federal government on
Headquarters here issued a com- March 4, 1933," he said. "Your Fed-
munique declaring :eral government acted.
"The situation of our army is such "Before it laid its hands to any
that it is useless to discuss the sur- other problem-and there were many
render of Madrid, which mustsbe of them-it set up the C.C.C. camps
total." to put an immediate end to that hope-
The first disclosure of the reported less condition."
offer to surrender came from head- The President's listeners overflowed
quarters at Salamanca where officers the huge hall in a throng which City
said overtures were made to submit Manager H. F. McElroy said ap-'
speedily in return for favors. proached 30,000 persons.
A communique issued there said A moment later he added that the
the Fascist command was not nego- Administration "had done much" in
tiating for surrender of the capital beginning to improve the things in
"in a minimum of three days" with America "which have made for waste
Miguel Maura, former minister of in human beings.
the Madrid government. The government for years has spent
"It is true, however," the commu- money to conserve forests, crops and
nique added, "that several Madrid livestock, Mr. Roosevelt stated.
leaders tried to obtain from us cer- "Now we have begun to spend
tain concessions in return for rapid money on much more important
surrender of the Spanish capital." conservation-to save the energy, the
Appeals to the Madrid population ability and the spirit of youth," he
to capitulate and "avoid useless spill- said.
ing of blood" were dropped on the President Roosevelt had streaked
capital again by airplane, the Fas- across Gov. Alf M. Landon's own state
cists announced. today with a greeting for station
T h e y said the proclamations crowds, a staduim speech to thou-
warned, "If this surrender is refused, sands and a handclasp with William
the strength of the punishment will Allen White on the way to dedicate
depend on the resistance opposed a huge auditorium in the midwestern
to us." metropolis.
In a colorful morning appearance
E losion Da es at Wichita, Mr. Roosevelt asserted
that Republican leaders were en-
Cleveland Stadium couraging "class antagonism" but
that voters on Nov. 3 would refuse
"to be frightened by fairy tales."
CLEVELAND, Oct. 13.-(-P)-An To shouting thousands packed into
explosion rocked the Cleveland Sta- the Wichita Stadium the President
dium tonight, injured four persons said "Republican leaders" have treid
and shaking up at least 200 others to "spread the gospel of fear" in fac-
who were in the $3,000,000 structure tories and homes and at American
on the lakefront. firesides.
James A. Cosgriff, 43, wardrobe But the people of the country, he
man for the Great Lakes Exposition added, remember "too well the real
which ended last night, was most fear, the justified fear, felt all over
seriously hurt. The blast emanated the nation in 1932 to be frightened by
from a storeroom on the ground level. this silly false fear which is now be-
Cosgriff was in the room. ing preached."

By FRED WARNER NEAL)
DETROIT, Oct. 13.-(Special to
The Daily)-High up above the
streets of Detroit where he had been
given a noisy, enthusiastic welcome,
Gov. Alfred M. Landon said in a
private interview today that he does
not know exactly how he is .going
to balance the budget, as he has
promised to do within four years if
elected.
Relaxed and refreshed from a sleep
in his suite on the 25th floor of the
Book-Cadillac Hotel, Governor Lan-
don smiled and discussed his cam-
paign amiably. He recalled his Chi-
cago speech of Oct. 9, when he prom-
ised that if elected he would balance
the Federal budget in four years by
"ending wholesale waste and extrav-
agance."
First And Foremost
"What," he was asked, "are spe-
cific items of waste and extrava-
gance?"
"First and foremost," he replied
quickly, "the administration of re-
lief." That affords the best example
I can think of."
"Can you be a little more specific
please? For instance, what phases of
relief administration?"
"Well," he replied slowly, puffing
his pipe, "the political graft. The
boon doggling, that is, of course,
wasteful unnecessary projects. The
hiring of incompetent politicians and
relatives. A sane administration of
materials. You must know in your
own locality a dozen instances of
bungledrelief administration."
"And, Governor," his interviewer
queried, "will the elimination of such
waste be sufficient to overcome the
present deficit?"
Governor Landon smoked his pipe
in silence. "No," he said after a
pause, "it probably won't. But it will
go a long way toward it."
No Figures
"But," his questioner persisted, "do
you have figures? Where will the rest
of the cutting and paring down come
from."
At this point, an aide injected: "Of
course, figures are not available. But
it will run into hundreds of millions
of dollars."
"There is, you know," Governor
Landon continued, "the rising na-
tional income. That will come re-
gardless. American spirit and ten-
acity cannot be stopped." He de-
clared that he thought the best thing
that could be done to increase the
national income would be to "oust
the New Deal with its shackles on
business." He emphasized that his
remarks not be construed as inti-
mating a rise in taxes.
The Appeal TosYouth
"It is impossible also to predict
the amount to be gained in national
income. But from that, from stop-
ping the vast waste in relief and from
other sources which I cannot exactly
point out, the budget can and must
be balanced."
When he was asked what in his
opinion was the cardinal point in
his program that would be most like-
ly to appeal to the youth of Amer-
ica, Governor Landon's face took
on a look of dead earnestness, as
he said, emphasizing each word witli
a tap of his finger:
"My determination to adhere tc
. American principles which guarantec
to the youth of our nation freedor
of initiative, which the New Dea
seeks today to destroy.''
The key New Deal policies whict
Governor Landon holds to be most
inimical to youth's welfare are two-
fold. First, he said, "is the ruinou
Peace Council
Plans To Meet
Tomorrow
The Peace Council will meet fo
the first time' this year at 8 p.m. to
morrow in the Union to decide ont
program for strengthening the or

fganization.
Julian Orr, '37, president of th
Council, announced yesterday that
tentative program had been prepare
by the executive committee whic]

debt. It is burdening your parents.
It will burden you. It will burden
your children. It must be stopped.
"Second," 'he continued, "the New
Deal is adhering to policies that make
opportunity non-existent. It is put-
ting our people on the dole, not cre-
ating honest jobs. Four more years
of it and opportunity will be a for-
gotten word. And then where will
American youth be. To what will all
its education and its training and its
preparation avail?"'
The Daily's interview with Gover-
nor Landon was sandwiched in be-
tween a shave and hair trim and a
conference with Governor Fitzgerald,
Senator Vandenberg, Wilbur M.
Brucker, United States senatorial no-
minee, and Howard C. Lawrence,
chairman of the State Central Re-
publican Committee. The day for
Landon and his party had been a
hectic one, the perfectly timed sched-
(Continued on Page 2)
War Threats
Seen In East
Dr.flu Shih
Japanese Warned Against
'Embarking On The Road
To Self-Destruction'
Dr. Hu Shih, eminent Chinese
philosopher, speaking, yesterday be-
fore faculty members and students at
a Union luncheon in his honor, said
there was little hope for peace in the
far-eastern situation unless some out-
standing statesmanship was demon-
strated.
"I- saw Wilson elected as a peace
president and one month after his
inauguration I saw him ask Congress
to declare war," continued the prom-
inent Chinese literary figure, in refer-
ence to the elusiveness of the quality
of peace.
"Our government has gone five
years without war," he declared. "As
I saidin an open letter to the Japan-4
ese government, 'You are embarking
on the road to self destruction. You
must choose between being the Brit-I
ish Empire or the Spanish Empire in
the Pacific'."
The topic of his discussion was "The
Literary Revolution of China."
Through his efforts modern China
uses in its business transactions a

Will Recommend
Of Autocratic
To Congress

Repeal
Powers

DETROIT, Oct. 13.-(Special to
The Daily)-Gov. Alfred M. Landon
of Kansas, Republican nominee for
President, demanded in a speech in
Navin Field here tonight that Pres-
ident Roosevelt inform the nation
specifically of the New Deal measures
he hopes to initiate and keep.
Reading his speech carefully from
a rostrum in deep center field to ap-
proximately 15,000 persons, who no-
where near filled the baseball park
seats, Governor Landon charged the
President with concealing his real in-
tentions from the populace and as-
serted that if he, Landon, is elected
and finds added Federal powers
needed, he will ask for a Constitu-
tional amendment.
The Major Issue
"Make no mistake about it," he
warned. "This threat to our form of
government of the present Admin-
istration is the major issue of this
campaign.
In ringing tones and to the cheers
of his audience, Governor Landon
shouted emphatically: "If I am elect-
ed, I shall recommend to Congress
the repeal of all the acts giving auto-
cratic powers to the Chief Executive."
In his opinion, the emergency of
1933 under which these powers were
authorized "was a mere sham." The
concentration of power in the hands
of the President was not a question
of temporary emergency," he main-
tained. "It was a question of na-
tional permanent policy."
In the "false name of emergency,"
according' to Governor Landon,
Roosevelt asked for and was granted
these powers:
"The right to change the amount
of gold in the dollar.
"The authority to issue three bil-
lion dollars of greenbacks.
"The power to set up a so-called
stabilization fund of two billion dol-
lars . . . "secretly to buy or sell gold,
silver and foreign exchange at any
price he sees fit . . . and to control the
price of United States Government
bonds.
Congress Surrenders
"The authority to determ:ne how
much agriculture and industry could
produce and sell; at what wages and
for how many hours labor could work.
"Appropriations to Congress to be
spent at his discretion. These so-
called blank checks have totalled 13
and one-half billion dollars."
"Congress in effect," the Presiden-
tial nominee held, "gave up its con-
stitutional powers and surrendered
its control over the spending powers
of the government . . .one of the most
important victories in the history of
popular government ...
"The people of the United States,"
in Governor Landon's opinion, "have
never authorized the President to set
up powers that supersede their Con-
stitution. They do not want any
government to have powers that
could be used to shackle their lib-
erties and enslave them."
Time and again, in the course of
his address, Landon stated his fear
that the New Deal is leading to a
dictatorship of regimentation.
A Concept Of Government
He set forth his concept of govern-
ment when he said: "It is the first
duty of government to protect us
from abuses-from the abuses of
concentrated power, whether that
power be public or private. The pro-
tection against the abuse of private
power is vigilant insistence that free
competition be preserved. The pro-
tection against the abuse of public
power is vigilant insistance on the
rights of our citizens under the Con-
stitution."
The Kansas governor emphasized
his demand that President Roosevelt
"come out in the open" and make
his aims and purposes clear to the
electorate. "If the President thinks
agricultural and industrial anarchy
can be prevented only by the re-
enactment of the principals of the

.i

Charles P. Taft II Supports
Landon In Presidential Race

Charles P. Taft, II, known through-
out the country as a champion of{
civil service, a bitter opponent of the
spoils system, paused long enough
after his pro-Landon speech in the
Union last night to state the Kan-
san's attitude on the merit system
in national government.
Amiable, frank, well-versed, this
son of President William Howard,
Taft is now a member of the Re-
publican "brain trust" following his
noted clean-up of the municipal gov-
ernmentin Cincinnati. several years
ago. He was Gov. Landon's repre-
sentative in drawing up the social
security and civil service planks of
the Republican platform.
"Personally, I favor the employ-
ment of civil service for all positions
under the assistant secretaries and
heas ef nf nartments in the ocvern- I

ical affiliations." Mr. Taft cited sev-
eral instances in the Kansas admin-
istration where heads of state de-
partments and institutions were
brought from other states. He be-
lieved "that Governor Landon, if
elected, will appoint some Democrats
to cabinet posts. At least he has
said that his appointments would be
without regard to party.
"Between May 12, 1933 and June
22, 1936, the President signed 15 bills
which authorized new jobs 'without
regard to the provisions of the Civil
Service Laws.' There is no record o:
any effort by the President to elim-
inate these exemptions, no record o
any protest, or certainly no record o:
any veto.
"By June 30, 1936, the number of
jobs available for spoils had in-
creased under Roosevelt from abou

f
s
t

language devised on the banks of the
Hudson River in 1916.
The result of a four-cornered cor-
respondence between students at Co-
lumbia, Cornell, Vassar, and Har-
vard, is the use of Mandarin, the lan-
guage utilized in present day China.
This fight for the unifiication of the
Chinese language has been culminat-
ed after 20 years of effort, he told the
group. Dr. Hu Shih described this
struggle for unification of speech, a
literary revolution.
Dr. Hu was introduced by Prof.
Robert B. Hall of the geography de-
partment, who pointed out that more
Chinese students attend the Uni-
versity of Michigan than any other
American university.
Twenty years ago, he said, classical
SChinese, a dead language, no longer
understood when spoken, was still in
use as the official language of the
country-used in all school texts and
public documents.
Many movements, tried to intro-
duce another language, failed, he
said, because they were led by men
of letters who meant to continue us-
ing classical Chinese for public doc-
uments and literary works. It was
Dr. Hu and his colleagues who suc-
ceeded in instituting Mandarin as the
T language of education, literature, and
public documents.
- Escaped Hoodlums
a Unlocated As Yet
e INDIANAPOLIS, Oct. 13.- () -
& The search for three hoodlums who
h escaped from the jail at Greenfield
Sunday apparently had run into a

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