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June 06, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-06-06

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The Weather
Increasing cloudiness, show-
ers in west portion today, and
by night in east; tomorrow




Make The Issue Clear ...
Answer To H.C. And R.H...

VOL. XLVI No. 179



Blum Pushes
Labor Strikes
Toward Peace
New Government Expects
Agreement As Minister
Confers With Unions
Premier Demands
Reforms For Labor
Socialist Appoints Three
Women To His Cabinet,
Thus Setting Precedent
PARIS, June 5.-(AP)-France's new
Government appeared nearing suc-
cess tonight in its rapid-fire efforts
to meet the demands of nearly 600,-
000 workers and to end strikes apply-
ing a strangle-hold to the nation's
industrial life.
An agreement with trade unions is
expected tonight, Roger Salengro,
minister of the interior, announced,
after conferring with leaders of the
general confederation of labor.
Leon Blum, Socialist premier who
took over the government last night,
asked the formation of special par-
liamentary committees to facilitate
the passage of bills meeting labor's
Provide For 40-Hour Week
They would provide:
1. A 40-hour week.
2. Paid vacations in private in-
3. Collective labor contracts.
Hitting at profiteering, the gov-
ernment instructed police to arrest
merchants trying to make big profits
because of the scarcity of goods.
Strike spread rapidly in the nor-
thern textile industry with 80,000
estimated idle at Lille and 30,000 at
Blum conferred with three Com-
munist deputies, presumably in an
appeal to the Communist party to
use its influence to prevent the strikes
from growing.
A partial list showed more than.
60,000 joined the ranks of strikers,
the day swelling the number to near-
ly 600,000
Blum To Revise Laval's Decrees
Blum also is expected to declare
himself for nationalization of war
industries and for revision of former
Premier Laval's decrees ousting gov-
ernment employes who are paid vet-
erans' pensions.
Blum, who placed three women in
his huge cabinet-the first time a
woman has been 'so honored in
France-today scorned expensive
government cars with liveried chauf-
feurs, customarily used by the Pre-
miers of France.
Mlle. Blum drove the Premier to
the cabinet meeting in their small
Werner Takes
Harvard Post
For Next Year
Dr. Heinz Werner of the psychology
department will leave Michigan at
the end of this year to go to Harvard
where he will lecture for the year
Professor Werner is the seventh
member of the faculty to announce
his departure this year and the sec-
ond to accept a position at Harvard,
the first being Prof. Howard Mum-
ford Jones of the English department.
The courses in which Professor

Werner will lecture will be the same
ones he lectured in here. They are
developmental psychology, character-
ology, the psychology of music, and
Gestal psychology.
Dr. Werner has been at the Uni-
versity since 1933 when he left the
University of Hamburg in Germany
because of pressure from the Hitler

Landon Sure Nominee,


Cuncannon; Brown Doubtful

Democratic Requirement
For Nomination May Be
Changed At Convention
Gov. Af. M. Landon of Kansas will
definitely receive the presidential
nomination when more than 2,000
delegates from the entire nation pack
smoke-filled chambers at the Re-
publican National Convention begin-
ning June 9 in Cleveland, Prof. Paul
M. Cuncannon of the political science
department, said yesterday.
'Landon Definitely In'
However, the Republicans still have
the task of choosing their candidate
ahead of them, in the opinion of
Prof. Everett S. Brown, also of the
political science department, where-
as the Democrats have merely to
ratify their choice of President
"Landon is definitely in," said Pro-
fessor Cuncannon. He feels that
"none of the other men who have
been mentioned as possibilities for
the G.O.P. nomination have the
slightest chance." He said yester-
day that Senator Vandenberg may
be nominated for the vice-presidency,
but that neither Vandenberg, Borah
nor Knox are in the running for the
presidential choice.
Brown To Attend Convention
The nomination of Governor Lan-
don will be the result of the people's
demand, Professor Cuncannon stated,
and not a choice of the party ma-
chinery. He said that many influ-
ential members of the Republican
party have been against Landon, but
that his almost certain selection will
be in the form of a direct response
by the party to the will of Repub-
licans throughout the nation.
Professor Brown, who plans to at-
tend the convention, has been asked
by the American Year Book to write
Liberty Street
Store Blasted
By Explosion
The Miller Dairy store, 620 E. Lib-
erty Street, was wrecked early yes-
terday morning by a freak explosion,
the exact cause of which was not de-
A hot water boiler was skyrocketed
from the basement to the second floor
of the building, and windows were
shattered in several nearby stores.
Damage was estimated at $8,000.
Occupants of the apartments above
the store, three women, were awak-
ened by the blast but were uninjured
although the boiler burst through the
hall floorway. Their rooms suffered
little damage.
According to Arnold Renner,
deputy state fire marshal, the ex-
plosion occured in or at the base of
the coal water heater in the base-
ment forcing the boiler upward
through the floors. The floor above
the basement was raised nearly a
foot in places by the blast.
The explosion, which occured at
3:15 a.m., blew the front windows
and doors into the street and
tumbled tables and chairs into a
heap. A fire following the blast
was extinguishedtbefore more ser-
ious damage resulted.
GRAND RAPIDS, June 5.-()-
The Grand Rapids Traffic Commis-
sion is considering installation of
curb parking meters such as are in
use in a number of southern cities.

a feature article of the political cam-
paigns of the entire year. In his ar-
ticle, Professor Brown will recount
all the political events of 1936. up to
and including the actual election
in November.
Snell Opposition Dead
"The Democratic Party is seriously
considering the changing of the two-
thirds rulein the nominationtof can-
didates at its conventions," said Pro-
fessor Brown. The rule that Profes-
sor Brown referred to has long been
one of the unique features of the
Democratic convention. Whereas
the Democrats require a two-thirds
vote of the delegation to nominate,
the Republicans require only a simple,
Both Professors Brown and Cun-
cannon feel that the opposition to
the choice of Rep. Bertrand H. Snell
(Continued on Page 5)
Capital Honors
Speaker Byrns
For Last Time
WASHINGTON, June 5. - P) --
With hushed ceremonial and sorrow-
ful eulogy, the capital today said a
last farewell to Speaker Joseph W.
Byrns before his body was borne
back tonight to his native state of
With President Roosevelt and the
mighty of the nation ringed about
his bier, in the chamber of the .House,
political enemy and ally alike praised
the late speaker as a friend, as a
statesman and for the qualities of
character which bore him upward to
his high office.
The Chief Executive, too, turned
south-westward tonight, journeying
by special train that followed close
behind that which bore the body of
Byrns to the final services in Nash-
ville. A committee of sixty House
members, led by Byrns' newly-elected
successor, Speaker William B. Bank-
head of Alabama, also accompanied
the body to Tennessee.
At Byrns own request, transmitted
months ago to Representative Mc-
Reynolds, his friend of many years,
the Rev. James Shera Montgomery,
chaplain of the House, also was
among the funeral delegation and
will preside at the Nashville cere-
monies tomorrow.
Leag-ue Will Discuss
Ethiopia On June 30
GENEVA, June 5.- (P) -The
League of Nations fixed June 30 as
the day to air the danger-laden Italo-
Ethiopian problem as Geneva ex-
pressed concern today over reports
that Italy would hold army maneuv-
ers soon.
The exercises will be held far in
advance of the usual autumn ma-
neuvers, it was understood.
This step was regarded here as a
warning by Premier Mussolini that
sanctions must be lifted.
(II Duce conferred in Venice to-
day with Chancellor Schuschnigg on
the position of the two countries
should Italy withdraw from the
Dr. Joseph A. C. Avenol, secretary-
general of the League, announced
that the Assembly would meet June
30 at the request of Argentina to
consider Italy's annexation of Eth-
iopia and whether existing sanctions
should be lifted from Italy or ex-

Black Legion
Bomb Attempt
Is Uncovered
Political Implications Are
Considered By Officials
Of Grand Jury Inquest
Coughlin Bombing
Denied By Dean
Trrigger-Man Is To Plead
Guilty To Ritual Murder
Of Charles A. Poole
DETROIT, June 5. -() - An at-
tempt by the Black Legion to en-
force its political demands with a
bomb plot against the life of a sub-
urban village president was charged
to the hooded terrorists today as
rumors of two other death conspir-
acies met prompt denials.
Political implications of the secret
society are being considered by state
officials directing grand jury inquir-
ies into several floggings, unexplained
deaths, and arson cases, and by advo-
cates of a Congressional investiga-
tion of the night riding band.
Bomb Explodes At Boisie's Home
Frederick A. Gulley, one of nine
men charged with kidnaping and
flogging Robert Penlan for non-at-
tendance at Black Legion meetings,
told detectives legion members
planned at an open air meeting to
kill William Voisine, president of
Ecorse, whom they opposed on relig-
ious grounds.
A bomb exploded at Voisine's home
the night of Aug. 7, 1935, but the of-
ficial, his wife and their son, in the
house, were not injured.
Coughlin Explosion Denied
Rumors that the Black Legion was
responsible for a black powder bomb
that caused slight damage at the
home of the Rev. Charles E. Cough-
lin, Royal Oak, Mich., priest, three
years ago, were derisively denied by
Dayton Dean, confessed "ekecu-
tioner" of the terrorists, who has
said he will plead guilty to the kid-
naping and murder of Charles A.
Poole, May 12. It was Poole's death
which led to the unmasking of wide-
spread Black Legion activity.
Emphatic denial that Louis Sherry,
Ford Motor Company employe who
died after eating a poisoned sand-
wich April 1, 1935, might have been a
Black Legion victim, came from
Harry H. Bennett, company person-
nel director. He said there was "no
reason whatever" for such belief and
that a "satisfactory solution" was
discovered at the time of the death.
Landon Named
Possible Victor
On First Ballot
Vandenberg Is Mentioned
For Vice-Presidency In
CLEVELAND, June 5. -A')--The
Republican Naional Convention pre-
liminaries developed such a volume
of Landon-for-president talk tonight
that some of the Kansas governor's
supporters persisted in predicting a
possible first-ballot nomination, in
spite of sharp replies from two op-
position clans,
So insistent were the Landon

claims, in fact, that some of the del-
egates pledged to him turned to dis-
cussion of second place on the ticket,
and of the platform which must be
drafted in next week's convention.!
There was much mention of Sen. Ar-
thur Vandenberg of Michigan for the
vice-presidency, and some talk of
others, although nothing approach-
ing a definite decision was apparent.
Two Subjects Disputed
The platform discussions indicated
that controversy might be brewing on
at least two subjects,-the plank re-
lating to the currency, and a sug-e
gested one favoring a constitutional
amendment to permit the states to
pass minimum wage laws.
Out of the talks that were going
on off stage came word that while the
leaders for the Kansas governor felt
his nomnaition on the first ballot
was a possibility, they would not try
to force such a nomination.
Landon spokesmen said there was
no desire in their part to interfere
with the voting by various states for
favorite sons on the first ballot.
States May Change

Dismissal Is Protested
By Married Teachers
CORUNNA, Mich., June 5. - (') -
The Board of Education considered
today a protest from the Michigan
Education Association against the
dismissal of nine school teachers
The protest said that the nine were
dismissed because they were married,
contending that their marital status
was no affair of the board. The let-
ten asserted, also, that the teachers
had not received mropernotice and
were unable to obtain other employ-
ment. It requested a public hearing,
contending that the dismissals were
voted at a secret meeting of the
Nominate Davis
To The Federal
Reserve Board
Tolloy Will Replace Him
As AAA Adminstrator, I
Says Wallace
WASHINGTON, June 5.-dP)-The
nomination of AAA Administrator
Chester C. Davis as the first "farm
member" of the new Federal Reserve
Board, to serve an eight-year term,
was sent to the Senate today by
President Roosevelt.
Immediately, Secretary Wallace
announced appointment of Howard
R. Tolley as AAA Administrator, ef-
fective upon Davis' retirement. Tol-
ley has been acting administrator
since March.
Chairman Fletcher (Dem., Fla.) of
the Senate Banking Committee called
a meeting for Tuesday to consider
the nomination.
An AAA announcement indicated
that the nomination, which cleared
up much Capital talk about Davis'
future connection with the admin-
istration, was made earlier than had
been planned.
"As the vacancy on the Board ex-
ists while Congress is in session," the
AAA said, "it was necesary to make
the appointment before adjourn-
ment; otherwise no salary could be
paid until confirmation by the Sen-
ate at its next session."
The term of office which Davis
takes actually began Feb. 1 of this
year when the banking act of 1935
became effective.
The salary of a member of the
Board of Governors of the Federal
Reserve System is $15,000 a year. As
AAA Administrator Davis received
The banking act of 1935 increased
membership in the board from 6 to
7 and provided that the seventh
member be a Farmers' representa-
tive. Today's appointment (filled
that place for the first time.
Davis, in St. Paul, today on a
speaking tour, reutrned only a week
ago from Europe, where he studied
foreign trade conditions in 11 coun-
tries for the President.
Senior Invitations
Commencement announcements
will be distributed to members of
the senior class for the last time
Tuesday morning in Alumni Mem-
orial Hall, Russell Runquist, president
of the senior class, warned yesterday.
The invitations will be given out to
seniors between 9 a.m. and noon in
the Alumni offices, he said. He em-
phasized that this will be the last
chance to obtain them.

Revenue Measure
Is Finally Passed
i By Weary Senate



To Lynch Mates
'Like Black Le ion'
DETROIT, June 5-(A')-Police
broke into a barn today and rescued
two boys who, they said, were about
to be hanged by three other boys, for
having good school records.
Lieut. Michael Largo said Ray-
mond Buccellati, 9, a member of the
lynching party told him: "We were
going to do like the Black Legion
The lieutenant said that when the
rescue party arrived Raymond, Ar-
mando Serali, 14, and Joseph Angelo,
10, had knotted a rope around the
neck of Albert Valenti, 11, and were
about to push him from a second-
story window. Joseph Ignogni, 9, lay
bound on the floor and Lieut. Larco
said he was to have been hanged1
Police said school authorities told
them the intended victims had ex-
cellent school records.
All of the boys and their parents
were ordered to appear for ques-
tioning tomorrow.1
Prof. Lawrence
To Participate
In Symposium
Cyclotron Authority Will.
Attend Physics Group
During Summer
Prof. ,E. O. Lawrence, under whose
direction the cyclotron of the Uni-
versity of California has been de-
veloped and used for research into
the atom, will be one of the lec-
turers at the University's fourteenth
annual Physics Symposium this sum-
mer. .
Five other visiting physicists, and
Profs. D. M. Dennison and Otto La-
porte of the physics department, will
also lecture. From Stuttgart, Ger-
many, will come Prof. P. Ewald,
whose subject will be "The Theory of
the Solid State." Prof. H. Bethe,
Cornell, Prof. E. U. Condon, Prince-
ton, Prof. G. Breit, Wisconsin, and
Prof. I. Rabi, Columbia, will be the
other members.
The University's new 95-ton cyclo-
tron and high voltage equipment are
expected to be completed in time for
the symposium.
Problems in modern physics which
the meeting will consider the nature
of the atomic nucleus, the properties
of high speed particles, the quan-
tum theory and the spectroscopic
phenomena produced by the various
MILWAUKEE, June 5.-0P)-Paced
once more by brilliant Don Lash and
his fleet middle distance squadron,
Indiana's Hoosiers completed a con-
quest of midwestern track and field
honors tonight by rolling up 45.
points to win the Central Intercol-
legiate Conference Championship.

New Bill Imposes Burden
On Incomes Exceeding
$50,000 Per Year
Reduce Exemptions
On Life Insurance
Roosevelt's Original Bill
Was Changed By Many
New Amendments
WASHINGTON, June 5.-() -
A weary Senate tugged and hauled
he tattered tax bill to final passage
tonight, and sent it to conference with
the House where an entirely new
revenue measure may be drawn.
The vote was 38 to 24, with 36
Democrats, one Republican and one
Progressive vote for passage. Nine
Democrats joined with thirteen Re-
publicans and two Farmer-Laborites
against the bill. Michigan's senators,
Vandenberg' and Couzens, voted
against passage of the tax bill.
Scores Of Amendments
Loaded with scores of amendments
which left only a vestige of the bill
passed by the House and of the recom-
mendations of President Roosevelt,
the measure was described as capable
of bringing in $829,000,000 in new
It would impose a $50,000,000 tax
burden on all individuals who pay
surtaxes on incomes in surtax brack-
ets above $50,000. From corporations
and their shareholders, it would take
hundreds of millions of dollars.
Although adjournment plans no
longer hinged on quick disposal of
the bill, the Senate worked with
ragged nerves beyond the dinner hour
to take it past a long series of per-
fecting amendments, a motion by
Senator Lewis of Illinois, the Demo-
cratic whip, to return it to the Fi-
nante Committee, and then the final
Record Set For Quick Action
Passage of the controverted leg-
islation after only three days of de-
bate was said by several senators to
have set a record for action on such
an important revenue measure.
With adjournment delayed by the
death of Speaker Byrns, the House
and Senate in quick succession earlier
had adopted a resolution for a week's
recess of Congress, beginning Mon-
As finally adopted by the Senate
the tax bill swings so far away from
tax reform proposals submitted to
Congress by the President three
months ago and embodied in prin-
ciple in the House bill, that a furious
battle confronted it in a virtually
certain Senate-House conference.
Provisions Listed
The major provisions of the bill
1. A 15'/2 to 18 per cent tax on
corporate incomes. The present tax
is 122 to 15 per cent.
2. A 7 per cent tax on undistribut-
ed corporate earnings, which are not
taxed under existing revenue law.
3. Application of the 4 per cent
normal income tax to corporate div-
idends, which are now subject only
to surtaxes.
4. An increase of one per cent in
the income surtax on every surtax
bracket between $6,000 and $50,000,
plus a flat $440 boost in the tax on
every bracket beyond $50,000.
5. An 80 per cent "windfall" tax
on persons described as "unjustly en-
riched" by non-payment of the ii-
validated AAA processing taxes.
6. Excise taxes of 2 to 4'/2 per
cent on imported fish and vegetable
Couzens Predicts Filibuster
Senator Couzens (Rep., Mich.) told
reporters a filibuster would develop
should the Conference Committee
recommend any undistributed profits
tax steeper than the 8 per cent car-
ried in the Senate bill.
One last minute change slashed
from $1,000,000 to $250,000 the

amount of proceeds from life insur-
ance policies which would be exempt
from taxation when used to pay es-
tate taxes to the government,
Another amendment accepted, sug-
gested by Senator Barkley, (Dem.,
Ky.) authorized a $42,000,000 appro-
priation, which both the House and
Senate bills failed to include, for pay-
ment or refunds of processing taxes
on commodities sold abroad or to
charitable institutions and of taxes

Wahr 1osin Mediator, Quits
Dean's Off ice To Teach German

Definite Anti-War Legislationl
Pa ciffists' Aim, Mc~n~tSays


The tianslation of merely "lip serv-
icci" to thpeace movement into some

more effective avenue and a revisionr
Members Appointed of peace activities to peace action, '
are the ends being striven for by
F or 'Ensjan Stal Jesse McKnight, a representative of
.- 8 National Peace Conference, who vis-,
Appointments to the junior staff ited Ann Arbor yesterday.
and women's business manager po- Mr. McKnight is a member of the
sitions of the Michiganensian wereCNational Council for the Prevention
announced yesterday by Lloyd Strick- E of War which is among the 34 lead-
land, '37, business manager, after a ing national peace groups which com-
delay occasioned by changes in the ! prise the Conference. At present hes
staff positions by the Board in Con- 'is making a national tour visiting
trol of Student Publications. various field groups such as the local
Mary Louise Willoughby, '37, was Peace Council.
selected women's business manager; The promotion of anti-war legisla-
Edward n'Anrix. '38. accounts man- i tion in this country is seen by Mc-

is to work through the president and
bring about the enactment of legis-
lation promoting peace in this man-
ner. McKnight stated that the pol-
icies to be carried by these means
would be a restriction of military
preparation and activity to national
defense; the furtherance of a recip-
rocal trade policy such as that spon-
sored by the present administration;
currency stabilization and colonial
reorganization for countries short of
raw materials.
In answer to the question of what
students could do in putting these
peace devices into operation, Mc-
Knight pointed to the plans of the
local Peace Council for next fall.
Under the guidance of the new presi-
dent. Julian Orr. '37. this group will,

Fred B. Wahr, assistant dean of,
students, known on the campus only
to those students who have had
"landlady trouble" or have run
aground the local police, has handed
in his resignation and will be found
from now on in the classroom-teach-
ing German.
After 15 years in the Office of the
Dean of Students, he is going into a
department of the University that
will perhaps be a little less disquiet-
ing. He has seen Michigan students
through all sorts of trials. Through
prohibition and the rah-rah days
that were the outgrowth of it.
When there were disputes between
landlady and student caused by non-
payment of rent, moral issues, or
"rough-housing," Dean Wahr sat in
judgment, and from the people talked

students office that Dean Wahr
would shun publicity of any sort, the
fact that he might inspire a little
write-up was painstakingly guarded.
Informers, people who work with him
in the office, knew that his smiling
eyes might suddenly turn wildly ap-
prehensive if he even suspected such
a thing.
So the reporter was driven to his
hom on Vinewod Avenue, where he
found him in an old pair of shoes
and a bespattered pair of dark blue
trousers, working in his well-tended
lawn and garden in the rear of his
home, where he "spends each Wed-
nesday morning trimming the shrub-
bery." A healthy outdoor man testi-
fies to the amount of time he spends
in such pursuits.
Both students and houseowners are
sorry to see Dean Wahr leave the
office he has held so long, if opinlions.

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