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May 08, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-05-08

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The Weather
Unsettled, thundershowers to-
day except in extreme south-
east; cooler in West and North
today; tomorrow showers.

L

Sir 4an

lIat

Editorials
To The MIPA'S .
Stop Thief! ...
Communism In France

VOL. XLVI No. 155 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 8, 1936

PRICE 5 CENTS

_ .

MIPA Has Its
12th Meeting
In Union Here
400 High School Writers
Hear Brumm' s Address
On Intelligence
Convene In Round
Table Discussions
Detroit Pastor Principal
Speaker; League Scene
Of Annual Banquet
The twelfth annual convention of
the Michigan Interscholastic Press
Association opened last night with
more than 400 delegates already reg-
istered, and more expected today.
Representatives from high school
papers, magazines, and annuals
throughout the state gathered in the
Union ballroom for a general assemb-
ly, and heard Prof. John L. Brumm,
chairman of the journalism depart-
ment, which is sponsoring the con-
vention, welcome them to Ann Arbor
with an address on "Let's Try Intel-
ligence"
After the opening address the dele-
gates held an informal get-together
dance, with a floor-show by Universi-
ty High School students, and a prize
waltz contest. Many of them also
were conducted on a tour of inspec-
tion through the Student Publica-
tions Bldg.
Today they will meet at 9 a.m. for
a second general assembly at which
Prof. Wesley H. Maurer of the jour-
nalism department will preside, to
hear an address by Prof. Preston W.
Slosson of the history department on
"The High School and the World
Outside." After the general assembly
they will separate for nine round-
table discussion groups meeting at 10
and 11 a.m., resuming their sessions at
1:30 p.m., with an address by Prof.
Lowell J. Carr of the sociology de-
partment on "Who's Going to Jail?"
Eleven more round-table confer-
ences will be held at ,2:30 and 3:30
p.m., and the annual banquet will be
held at 6:15 p.m. in the League.
Professor Brumm will act as toast-
master, and the principal address, on
the subject "Can the Youth of Amer-
ica Match the Youth of Europe," will
be given by Dr. Frederick B. Fisher of
the Central Methodist Church of
Detroit, former pastor of the First
Methodist Church of Ann Arbor. A
dance in the League Ballroom will
follow the banquet, with Al Cowan's
Orchestra furnishing the music.
Collision Sinks
Dutch Steamer;
All Are Saved
Antonietta Lauro Crashes
Into Columbus In Straits
Of Dover OffBelgium
LONDON. May 7.-(/P) -The
Dutch steamer Alphard was sunk in
the North Sea tonight when it col-
lided with the Hamburg-American
liner New York, but all 26 members
of the Alphard's crew were saved.
In a crash in the Straits of Dover,
the forecastle of tne Antonietta
Lauro, an Italian vessel, was smashed
as it collided with the steamer Co-
lumbus of the North German Lloyd

Line.
The New York, a 21,000-ton vessel
bound for Hamburg, rescued the Al-
phard's crew after the accident and
put about for Southampton. The
collision occurred in a mist in the
open sea north of Ostend, Belgium.
The Columbus, of 32,564 gross tons,
was en route to Bremen, Germany,
from New York. Both the New York
and the Columbus left New York
City April 30.
Ruthven' Io Attend
Banquetlit Chicagyo
President Ruthven left for Chicago
yesterday with T. Hawley Tapping
general secretary of the Alumni As-
sociation to attend the annual ban-
quet of the University of Michigan
Club of Chicago which will be held
tonight at the Hamilton Club in Chi-
cago.
Because of the injury received early
. __,. c . .cn .

Education By Achievement Is
Proposed By Professor Courtis
(--)

AlternativeTo Aydelotte's
'University System' Is
Suggested In Interview
By RALPH W. HURD
A college without prescribed sub-
jects or courses without "blue books,"
without the daily routine of class-
rooms and hand-me-down learning, a
college in which students become edu-
cated by self-directed and self-ex-
pressive activities applicable in a real
sense to social problems, important
to their lives - this is the ideal col-
lege as visioned by Prof. Stuart Cour-
tis of the School of Education.
Interviewed in regard to the Honors
Convocation address last Friday of
Dr. Frank Aydelotte, in which the
University was urged to return to the
old "University system" in operation
here during the 1880's, Professor
Courtis advanced the above ideal as
a "forward looking alternative."
The University system, according to
Dr. Aydelotte, allowed progressive stu-
dents, especially in their last two
years in college, to work on one major
rand two related minor subjects in-
dependently of classes and examina-
tions, with a comprehensive written
and oral examination at the end of
the period.
Society has changed since the '80's,
Professor Courtis pointed out, and
"what might have been a successful
system then is by no means feasible
now." In the old days "rugged in-
dividualist" students acquired an
adaptation to their environment, a
self-reliance and a courage necessary
for right living before they came to
college, he continued, and their
"higher education" was undertaken as
a broadening of this already-formedi
organization of experience.
Nowadays "rugged individualism,"
with its component self-sufficiency, is
disappearing, according to Professor
Courtis. An educational system, he
continued, adapted to modern condi-
tions must be based on a program
designed to develop this quality, this
Prison Board
Told To Have
Open Meetings
Fitzgerald Imposes Power
Upon That Of Chairman
Shaw WhoMay Resign
LANSING, May 7. - (') - Govern-
or Fitzgerald flatly imposed his own
authority tonight upon that of Chair-
man William T. Shaw of the State
Prison Commission, ordering that the
organization conduct no more secret
meetings.
A rumor immediately became cur-
rent among commission members
that Shaw was about to resign "to
save his face," but the chairman de-
clined to comment. Earlier in the
day he had insisted he had no in-
tention of quitting.
The Governor overruled Shaw for
the first time this morning, ordering
an open session of the prison com-
mission, which voted to install the
civil service system in the State's
penal institutions.
Shaw angrily left the meeting, tell-
ing the Governor and assembled com-
missioners that "I will take a walk."
He did not return to the meeting but
explained later that he had suddenly
recalled another engagement.
Tonight, however, Governor Fitz-
gerald ordered a fixed policy of open
meetings, which Shaw has opposed
throughout his regime,
"The prison commission has held
( its last meeting behind closed doors,"
the Governor said.

adaptation of individuals to environ-
ment.
From this point of view, the "Uni-
versity system," with 4ts emphasis on1
imposed subjects rather than self-
conceived achievements, is woefully
out-of-date, he asserted.
An actual illustration of his ideal
type of educational system was cited
by Professor Courtis A student enters
college. He is interested in journal-
ism. The inability of his father to
find a jcb has brought home to him1
the seriousness of the problem of un-
employment in this country. He
thinks people need to be educated to
to a social change through editorial
columns.
He writes an editorial and submits
it to the campus newspaper. It is re-
jected. He confers with a professor.
of journalism and has pointed out
to him certain reasons explaining
the rejection. The removal of these
obstacles he finds out, require pro-
longed study of the unemployment
problem and of the technique of edi-
torial writing.
Gradually he perceives the necessity
for a comprehensive cultural back-
ground for the composition of any
good editorial. He explores that back-
ground, explores the territories of
ideas constantly being discovered. All
his exploration is a magnification of
his original interest in journalism, his
original desire to express through theI
(Continued on Page 2)I
New Deal Held
Back Recovery
Landon Claims;
Indicates ie Would Wage
'Fighting Campaign' If
Nominated In June.
TOPEKA, Kas., May 7. - P) -<
Gov. Alf M. Landon, in a radio inter-
view tonight, assailed the New Dealt
for "heedless retarding of recovery,"
and in his first national expression
on the liquor question "accepted the1
verdict of the people" in returning
control to the individual states.
Landon indicated he would wage
a "fighting campaign" if nominated
for the presidency by the Republican
National Convention in June and as-
serted:,
"The real issue before the American
people today is not whether you are
better off now than you were in 1933.
"The real question and issue is
this: Have we made as much prog-
ress in coming out of this depression
as you have a reasonable right to ex-
pect?"
The interview, broadcast nationally
was conducted by H. V. Kaltenborn,
radio commentator, in the study of
the executive residence.
Hughes To Attempt
New Speed Record
DETROT, May 7. -- ) - Howard
Hughes, 31-year-old oil magnate and
motion picture producer whose hobby
is speed flying, said today he might

No Student Senate
Io Be Held In 1936
The Student Senate will not meet
again this year, its executive commit-
tee decided lat night.
However, plans arc being laid for
continuance of the Senate, non-par-
tisan, all-campus discussion medium,
next fall, according to Edward Stone,
'36, chairman. The Senate grew out
of a meeting of students and faculty
members from the social science units
of the University in March. The pur-
pose of it, as announced at the time
it was organized, is "to furnish a
means for discussion on current
topics, especially political, for all Uni-
versity of Michigan students."
More than 300 students attended
the first session in the Union Ball-
room when debate centered around
the question, "What Party Should the
Student Support in 1936?"
Plans Making
Italian Empire
Are Continued
Fascist Soldiers Take Over
French-Owned Railroad,
Occupy Jijiga
ROME, May 7. -(/) - Highly re-
liable sources asserted tonight a com-
plete role in international affairs once
sanctions are lifted will issue from
Saturday night's session of the Fascist
Grand Council and Council of Min-
isters
This pronouncement, it was stated,
probably will be made in connection
with a proclamation of Ethiopia's an-
nexation and merger with Eritrea and
Italian Somaliland under the name of
Italian East Africa."
Plans went forward in Rome to
make the Italian kingdom the Italian
Empire. as Fascist soldiers took over
a French-owned railroad in Ethiopia
and occupied the important southern
town of Jijiga. Dispatches from Ethi-
opia said Harar, second largest city in
the country, was expected to fall
into Italian hands soon and that com-
plete subjugation of the whole country
was at hand.
Whether King Victor Emmanuel
would be proclaimed Emperor in con-
junction with the announcement of
Ethiopia's annexation could not be
ascertained definitely but it was re-
garded as most likely.
IHouse Debates
New Relief Bill;
Funds Are Cut
Predict Measure Will Pass
By This Evening; More
Amendments Demanded
WASHINGTON, May 7. -UPW) --
Buffeted by insistent demands for
changes from both Democratic and
Republican quarters, the Adminis-
tration's new relief measure rode
through a stormy first day in the

Lansbury Hits
Arms As Way
Toward Peace
Page Appeals To Students
To Aid In Keeping U.S.
Out Of War
300 Hear AddressesI
By Two Pacifists:
International Cooperation
To Obtain World Peace
Is Asked By Lansbury
By SAUL KLEIMAN
A denunciation of "collective se-
curity by force of arms" as a myth,
and a plea for peace organization
"on a basis of cooperation between;
nations" were the key notes of the
address yesterday afternoon by the
Rt. Hon. George Lansbury before an
audience of 300 in the Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre.
Kirby Page, American author, pre-
ceded Lord Lansbury on the program,
with an appeal to Michigan students
on behalf of the Emergency Peace
Campaign to "have a part in the mass
movement to keep the United States
out of war and promote world peace."
"The American people," Lansbury
said, "cannot like Pilate, wash their
hands and say of the brewing war in
Europe, 'this doesn't concern us.' The
world now is too closely knit togeth-
er."
America Should Lead
It was Lord Lansbury's belief that
America, with its composite "melt-
ing pot" make-up, should take the
lead in peace activity. "If there is
anywhere," he said, "that interna-
tionalism should conquer national-
ism, it is here."
"We should call a new world con-
ference of all the nations - get our
experts around the table and have
them devise a scheme of dividing the
markets of the world equitably and
with justice. I believe that we can
organize the world just as well for the
service of the world as for its de-
struction."
Hitting at the imperialist feeling in
many countries, his own especially,
Lord Lansbury said, "What we need
is a purge of spirit. We must give
up our imperialist notions."
Only One Way Out
The only way out for Europe, he
I said, is for each nation to give up
part of her sovereignty to a league of
nations, just as each state here gives
up part of her sovereignty to the
Federal government. "You mustn't
tell me you know that Europe is made
up of different peoples. You are, too,
you know."
Kirby Page, in the introductory
speech, pointed out that the present
governmental policies of this country
are leading us to war, He said that
there were two things the people of
this nation had to do to keep out of
war - pass adequate neutrality legis-
(Contnued on Page 2)
Wyvern elects 12
Sophomore Women
Twelve sophomore women were
tapped for membership last night by
Wyvern, junior women's honor so-
ciety. After the tapping the mem-
bers were entertained by Mrs. Byrl
Fox Bacher, assistant dean of wom-
en, and advisor of the group.
The following women were selected
to membership: Janet Allington, Mar-
garet Ann Ayres, Margaret Curry,
Betty Gatward, Hope Hartwig, Mary
Johnson, Barbara Lovell, Angeline

Maliszewski, Roberta Melin , Irene
Stilson, Betty Strickroot and Betty
Whitney.

Eckener Is Gleeful
As New Dirigible
Races For Record
ABOARD THE ZEPPELIN HIN-
DENBTJRG OVER THE NORTH AT-
LANTIC, May 7. - (P) - As this giant
new German dirigible raced over the
Atlantic today, Dr. Hugo Eckener, its
commander, voiced the belief it might
reach New York early Saturday.
Eckener gleefully rubbed his hands
at the prospect of beating the trans-
Atlantic record of the new French
liner Normandie.
"The. Hindenburg is running like
mad," the commander said, "averag-
ing over 80 miles an hour, with the
possibility of reaching New York
early Saturday."
Side-winds aided in giving the air-
ship good speed.
"The French evidently refuse per-
mission to fly over their country," said
Eckener. "because they consider that
permission a trump card."
"They forget," he stated, referring
to the Hindenburg, "that I have a
jolly joker."
The passengers, for the first time in
the history of air navigation, were
treated to a piano concert by Franz
Wagner, Dresden pianist.
Shortly after lunch today the air-*
ship ran into heavy weather, but it
rode so evenly that nobody noticed.
The liner Normandie shattered all
trans-Atlantic ships' speed records by
crossing from Southampton to New
York in four days, eleven hours, 42
minutes, completing its trip June 3,
1935.
Graf Zeppein
To Pass Over
French Border
PARIS, May 8- (Friday) - (')
The Graf Zeppelin, given emergency
permission by the French Govern-
ment to cross French territory on her
return flight from South America,
reached Saintes Maries early today
and started up the Rhine Valley on
her way to Friedrichshafen, Ger-
many.
The Zeppelin had radioed from a
position off the Mediterranean coast
of Spain that she feared she would
be unable to fly sufficiently high to
cross the Alps as a result of an ac-
cident in Rio De Janeiro.
(As she approached Barcelona,
Spain, the Graf wirelessed her head-
quarters in Friedrichshafen that she
was experiencing no difficulty.)
The Graf is expected to land at
her port in Friedrichshafen, Ger-
many, at 6:30 a.m. (local time) to-
morrow.
Earlier, permission had been grant-
ed by the French government to fly
over French territory on her return
flight from South America.
Police Find Clues
In Robbers' Auto
DETROIT, May 7. - ( ) - Police
announced today that $64,724 was
taken by the five men who held up a
branch of the Detroit bank last Fri-
day and disclosed that good finger-
prints were obtained from the rob-
bers' automobile, which was found in
a garage here yesterday.
The loot had previously been esti-
mated at $50,000. Police Inspector
Harry Schouw said "important clues"
had been uncovered with the find-
ing of the car. John Macinnes, care-
taker of a large Woodward Avenue

aapartment building, said he rented
the garage April 16 to a "quiet, well-
dressed young man" who paid $3 rent
in advance.

G-Men Capture
Last Of Karpis
Gang Membhers
Campbell Caught In Ohio
In Raid Lead By Hoover
Without Bloodshed
Bremer Kidnapper
Flown To St. Paul
Half Million Bail Is Asked;
Gangster's 19-Year-Old
Wife AlsoApprehended
ST. PAUL, May 7. - (A) - In a
capture that was almost a copy of
that of his erstwhile gang chief, Al-
vin Karpis, Harry Campbell, last un-
caught principal of the Barker-Karp-
is gang, was seized at dawn today
in Toledo, Ohio, bundled into an air-
plane, and whisked here for ques-
tioning about a long series of kid-
napings and robberies,
Not a trigger was squeezed as Gov-
ernment officers led by J. Edgar
Hoover, chief of the Bureau of In-
vestigation, closed in on the only re-
maining fugitive from the 25 persons
accused by the Department of Jus-
tice of implication in the $200,000
abduction here in 1934 of Edward G.
Bremer.
"Campbell showed a little resis-
tance" said Hoover, intimating his
quarry reached for a gun. But the
heavily armed federal men who had
surrounded the Toledo apartment
building during the night, pounced
on the long sought limping outlaw
this morning as he emerged and
snatched his .45 calibre pistol from
his pocket.
Then following the same procedure
which they initiated last Friday night
after the arrest of Karpis in New
Orleans, Hoover's men shackled their
prisoner with legirons and handcuffs,
hurried him to a chartered "flying
patrol wagon" and sped him here with
only a ten minute stop at Chicago
Municipal Airport en route.
On his arrival in St. Paul, U. S.
District Attorney George Sullivan an-
nounced that bail of $500,000 would
be asked for the gangster when he
is arraigned on the kidnap charge.
'This would equal the largest bail ever
asked in a criminal case - that
sought from Karpis in the Bremer
and William Hamm, Jr., kidnapings.
Last Kidnaper
At Large Taken
In G-Man Raid.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 7. - (A')-
William Mahan, last of the accused
big-time kidnapers at large was cap-
tured here today by Department of
Justice Agents.
Government men surrounded him
as he sat in an automobile in a "south
of Market" rooming house district,
within gunshot of their office.
They hustled the scar-faced former
convict to the Federal Building prep-
aratory to flying with him to face
charges of perpetrating the $200,000
kidnaping of George Weyerhauser,
timber fortune heir, a year ago, at
Tacoma, Wash.

} - _ - 1 _.

attempt to break the speed record House.
from Chicago to New York within a Nevertheless, majority leaders --
few days. undaunted by floor debate and to-
His plans, he said, are indefinite, night's Democratic caucus called in an
"I'll be flying from Chicago to New effort to force changes in the meas-
York either the latter part of this ure --said they were convinced they
week or early next week," he said, could push the legislation to point of
"and if weather conditions are right, passage by tomorrow night. Then
I may try to set a record." they proposed to recess -the House
Hughes, who set a world land plane until Monday.
record of 347.29 in a racing plane re- The relief fund, cut to- $1,4'25,000,-
cently on the West Coast, said he 000 although the President requested
believed the Chicago-New York rec- a billion and a half, was contained
ord was three hours and 46 minutes, in a $2,364,229,000 Deficiency Bill.
established by Capt. Frank Hawks. Republic t hrough a day of

r
PI

!

Lanshury Forecasts Collapse
Of British Coalition Government

By FRED WARNER NEAL
Giving out a hurried interview in
wheezing but clipped staccato, George
Lansbury, former British Laborite
leader, predicted yesterday thatit
will be but a matter of months be-
fore the present coalition govern-
ment in England will collapse and be
replaced by a Labor cabinet.
Mr. Lansbury, long active in Brit-
ish politics, broke with the party he
led on the matter of sanctions, which
the majority of Laborites thought
should be applied against Italy.
"Sanctions," the white, sideburned
Lansbury declared, "would have
meant war between Britain and Italy.
And that would have meant a Franco-
German war"

ing to keep the League of Nations to-
gether, when he said: "The foreign
minister could do a better job if he1
stayed at home and tended to bus-
iness." Eden, he said, "would be all
right if he kept in the foreign office
where he belongs. He's a pretty good
foreign minister for a Conservative,"
As to what effect the decided
French swing to the left would haveI
on the international situation, Mr.
Lansbury was not quite clear. "I do
believe, however," he maintained.
"that France will now tend to be more
internationally minded." This is little
danger, he believes of fascism coming
to France, and "such a thing is prac-
tically impossible in England."
The British Laborite, who sat down,
lnvorl n cjal, rof ,,npl if rl rnnmir'd

clamorous debate, insisted the bill be
amended to substitute direct state
grants administered by local non-par-
tisan committees for the present Fed-
eral Work Relief program.
Those who called the Democratic
caucus sought to have $700,000,000 of
the relief fund earmarked for Secre-
tary Ickes' Public Works administra-
tion. This has been opposed by the
President.
Preuss Addresses
Vulcas' Initiation
Vulcans, Senior Engineerbng Honor
Society, elected 14 new members a~t
its initiation held last night, At a
banquct held after the initiation,
Prof. Lawrence Preuss of the political
science-department spoke. After the
banquet, election of officers was held.
The new members are Rush Bow-
man, Robert Baldwin, Clayton Brels-

Death Of McGregor Ends Career
e e
Of Great University Benefactor'
The death of Tracy W. McGregor, GIregor Institute, one of the largest
former prominent Detroit resident of its kind in the world. He lived
and a son of the founder of the Mc- there the greater part of his life.
Gregor Institute for the destitute in The insistence of Tracy McGregor
Detroit, closed the humanitarian ca- that all his gifts to the University
reer of one of the greatest benefactors remain anonymous was but one in-
the University has ever had. stance of his modesty and true phi lan-
During the course of his life, Mr. thropy. In 1927, when a drive for
McGregor, made gifts to the Univer- I funds to aid unprotected women and
sity which totaled more than $70,000 children was in progress, Mr. Mc-
and which were used all the way from Gregor walked into the office of the
the purchasing of books to the buy- drive with a pledge card signed by'
ing of a new 85-inch mirror for the his wife.
Lake Angelus Observatory now under With a s y smile, e handed the
construction. card to the chairman and without
All during his lifetime, Mr. McGreg- another word walked out of the office.
or insisted that all his gifts to theBeforethe committee head could look
University remain anonymous. In I Bp commits a ould ook
"Who's Who in America" Tracy Mc- lip, McGregor was far out of the of-
Irnror is isted as a nhilanthropist, f.ee and way down the street. The

Mahan was unarmed and had $7,-
300 cash on his person but, agents
said, he offered no resistance. Ad-
mitting his identity, he refused to
confess.
The capture, coming on the same
day as that of Harry Campbell and
six days after the taking of Alvin
Karpis, both wanted for the Edward
G. Bremer kidnaping in St. Paul, gave
the justice department virtually a
clean sweep in its war on the
"snatch." racket.
Sale Of Peace
Bonds Stopped;
Abandon Plans
Plans for the sale of Peace Bonds,
which was to have begun yesterday,
were temporarily discontinued, it was
announced last night by Julian Orr,
'37, chairman of the Peace Coun-
cil's Bond Committee.
The plans were abandoned, Orr
said, because of the objection by fac-
ulty advisers to the Peace Council,
to the use of the word "bond" and
several clauses in the coupons which
A,- rlamor] "decebnve."

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