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April 30, 1936 - Image 4

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-r f --. te . ' t
'n 11
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republication of all other matter herein also reserved,
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan as
second class mail matter.
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by mail., $4.50.
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Telephone 4925

Dorothy S. Gies Josephine T. McLean William R. Reed
Publication Department: Thomas H. Kleene, Chairman;
Clinton B. Conger, Robert Cummins, Richard G. Her-
shey, Ralph W. Hurd, Fred Warner Neal.
Reportorial Department: Thomas E. Groehn, Chairman:
Elsie A. Pierce, Joseph S. Mattes.
Editorial Department: Arnold S. Daniels, Marshall D.
sports Department: William R. Reed, Chairman; George
Andros, Fred Buesser, Fred DeLano, Ray Goodman.
Women's Departmeno: .Josephine T. McLean, Chairman;
Josephine M. Cavanagh, Florence H. Davies, Marion T.
Holden, Charlotte D. Rueger, Jewel W. Wuerfel.
Local Advertising, William Barndt; Service Department,
Willis Tomlinson; Contracts, Stanley Joffe; Accounts,
Edward Wohlgemuth; Circulation and National Adver-
tising, John Park; Classified Advertising and Public-
tions, Lyman Bittman.
Tariffs And
The New Deal .. .
NOT SUFFICIENTLY emphasized in
popular criticism of Roosevelt
and the New Deal, it seems to us, is the Adminis-
tration's policy of obstructing tests of the consti-
tutionality of New Deal legislation.
This policy was termed by William D. Mitchell,
former United State attorney-general, as "the
worst sort of tyranny" in his address Friday at
the Founder's Day dinner in the Lawyer's Club.
Three arguments advanced as substantiation by
Mr. Mitchell included:
1. President Roosevelt's message to Congress
concerning the Guffey Coal Bill, in which Con-
gress was urged to pass the act "regardless of its
2. With the cooperation of the Administration,
every Congressional act could be submitted for
review by the Supreme Court within five or six
months after passage.
3. Obstacles have been incorporated within the
laws themselves. Illustrating this, according to
Mr. Mitchell, is Section 2 of the act giving the
President power to adjust tariff rates. This sec-
tion repeals a section in the existing tariff law
which allows court appeal of tariff rate adjust-
ments by the farmers, manufacturers or whole-
salers not directly engaged in foreign trade.
The justice of the section that was thus repealed
is clear. A reduction in tariff rates would bene-
fit importers and reduce internal prices of those
commodities affected. Producers in this country,
faced with price reductions which may or may not
be justified, cannot appeal the matter to the
courts since they are not directly involved in the
import transaction. Hence every tariff law in
the history of this country, Mr. Mitchell points
out, has included this provision to recognize the
rights of home industries.
Since importers are obviously not going to bring
this tariff act to the courts, and since consumers
are not going to object to lower priced goods,
it is safe to assume that the Supreme Court will
not be able to review the law.
Now it is probably true, certainly most econo-
mists agree, that reductions in tariff rates are,
in the long run, desirable. No matter how
desirable, however, such an "end" does not justify
the "means." The "means" is essentially a side-
stepping, an avoidance, a denial of the efficiency
of our constitutional form of government.
The situation is accurately analagous to a rob-
bery. The robber may, from a standpoint of
social welfare, need the money and expend it.
more wisely than his victim - but that, in our
opinion, does not justify stealing.
The Administration, from the standpoint of
social welfare, may be entirely right in seeking
to crumble the tariff wall - but that, again in
our opinion, does not justify thumbing one's nose
it the Constitution.
The American
Communist . .

pose that the American commu-
nism is a politico-economic theory of government.
With its childish illogic and florid emotional ap-
peal, it bears closer resemblance to a primitive
religious cult. It is a refuge for the frustration,
a delusion of the defeated the supposed opiate of'
the proletariat. A united front of Morons, as it

to contrast the American Communist party with
the basic theory of communism.
His article, although it lambasts communism
and communists in this country, is not essentially
an invective against communism itself as an eco-
nomic theory of government. It merely points
out the personalities and character of the leaders
of the party, "the crusaders responsible for these
civic pageants and tableaux of public disorder, the
legmen of communism, the stooges, the heelers
who do the dirty work and keep the ball rolling.'
The typical heeler, Ross relates, is born of im-
migrant parents who were proud to initiate their
son into the mysteries of education denied them
But "the parents could not envisage the results
of introducing entirely new and heady theories
into a brain hardly prepared for them by cen-
turies of traditional ignorance and repression.'
By the time he was ready to leave school he
had arrived at his own interpretation of democ-
racy which essentially was that America owed him
a living. But when he went to the city he dis-
covered that he had to work under keen competi-
tion so he decided that he had been double-crossed
by the bosses. "At this point he discovered com-
munism and the Communist party. He embraced
one and joined the other."
The professional communist then went on relief
for his activities did not allow him time for work.
But he became disgusted with the small checks
and passed out revolutionary material among his
relief colleagues. He developed a neurotic adora-
tion for Soviet Russia, that happy land where
everyone works and everyone is equal, since no-
body has anything. He marveled at the glorious
Stakhanov Speed-up system and was furious over
the speed-up system of the capitalist taskmasters.
He picketed a freighter about to sail with a cargo
of scrap iron for "Mussolini's capitalistic war"
but sublimely ignored the fact that Russia is
shipping oil and war materials to Italian ports
through her back door at Odessa as fast as she
can. Strikes fail because the original strikers find1
themselves adopted by these communists and in
the general confusion the original cause of the
strike is forgotten.
Most of the time he regards communism essen-
tially as something that will give him a chance to
be one of the Ins instead of one of the Outs.
His appeals are simply a device to aid him in
carrying out his cherished dream of up-ending the
economic system so that he will be on top instead
of at the bottom.
Although Ross may have what he regards as
adequate information for what he says, we re-
gard his article and its effect as unfair to the
many whose labours for communism are grounded
in a sincere and altruistic ideal. No doubt there
are many such as he describes, perhaps even a
majority. We must remember that those who
judge communists rather than communism are
more often seeking a defense for stubborn reac-
tionaryism. It is too bad that Marx should be
interpreted to Americans by such persons as
Ross describes, and we must allow for the inevi-
table human element, and let our judgment
be based on more substantial grounds.

The Conning Tower
PERCY HAMMOND died on Saturday at mid-
night. The public that has been reading him
for thirty years will feel the loss; his friends among
the critics will feel it; the men who worked with
him on the Herald Tribune, who had grown deeply
attached to him in his fifteen years in New York,
feel it with ineffable acuteness. And some of us
whose friendship with Percy began thirty-five
years ago, whose manner of life and expression
had such a strong influence that it became a part
of ours, find words now an immovable mass of
blurred syllables.
Percy Hammond was, to our notion, the most
glamorous of Chicago newspaper men in 1901.
At that time he was covering the City Hall for
the City Press, which corresponds to our New York
City News Association; also he was press agent for
the Grand Opera House, owned by the Hamlins,
whose fortune had been gleaned from the wide
sale of Hamlin's Wizard Oil, an emolient that
gentlemen in the county fair and medicine show
professions vounted ,as a panacea. He was known,
as we have said from time to time, as the Paid
Piper of Hamlin. It is possible that George Whar-
ton, one of Chicago's wittiest phrasemakers, gave
him this nickname; it is more likely that Percy
gave it to himself.
That was the year when "The Wizard of Oz"
opened at the Grand Opera House. Night after
night Percy's friends - Walter Whiffen, Sam
Gerson, Bill Moore, and even Burns Mantle, at
that time the Inter-Ocean's drama critic, would
occupy a box. And two years later, when "Babes
in Toyland" played during the summer and au-
tumn of 1903, the group of dramophiles was aug-
mented by Clifford Raymond, Richard Henry
Little, Arthur Sears Henning, and now and then
William Hard. Nightly attendance was almost
compulsory. Percy, still a Cadiz, Ohio, boy at
heart, mingled not with the stars, who were Wil-
liam Norris, Bessie Wynn, Mabel Barrison, and
Amy Ricard. Percy introduced us all to the lovely
choristers, Mabel Frenyear, Jean Carnegie, Lesbia,]
Grealis, Virginia Foltz, Helen Hahn, Bertha Krieg-
hoff - and we are confident that a week ago Percy
could have recalled a few more, also without bene-'
fit of reference. There were many night suppers,
unecessarily frugal, at the Bismarck, the Edel-
weiss, and Vogelsang's. It was about the time
when Richard Carle, in "The Tenderfoot," was
singing "I met my love in the Alamo, when the
moon was on the rise." So the Grand Opera House
stage door anthem became "I met my love in the,
alleyway, when the 'Babes' were at the Grand."
Percy Hammond, the only journalist in that
semi-rural Chicago carrying a cane, became a
reporter on the Chicago Evening Post. In 1909,
when Bert Leston Taylor was an editor of Puck,l
he got a letter from Mr. Joseph Medill Patterson,
asking who was the best critic in New York for the,
Chicago Tribune to acquire. Taylor wrote to say
that Percy Hammond of the Chicago Evening Post
was better than anybody in New York.
He became the Chicago Tribune's critic of the
drama, from which fortress he frequently kidded
the trousers off what seemed to him the more spur-,
ious and pretentious of the errant mimes. It was
at this time that Mrs. Robert Mantell, wife of a
well-known Shakespearean actor, gazed at the no-{
longer-slender Hammond, saying, "Ah, that one'
so gross should write of Art!"
Hammond's decision to come to New York was
made a week or two after the death, in 1921, of
Bert Leston Taylor, who had been the Chicago
Tribune's columnist. The Tribune ordered Ham-
mond to succeed Taylor; he spent three or four
days writing one -his first and only - column;
said that he couldn't do it. We had been trying'
to get Hammond to come to the New York Tribune
since 1914. His 1914 letter said: "The town grows
more hopeless daily, and I have become ambitious
for the first time in my life to venture into Newt
So in 1921, on a visit to Chicago, we tried again.
He gave Mr. Patterson an ultimatum, and wrote
"I am now in the ominous umbra of his dis-

pleasure.". . . And in the same letter, when "Dulcy"
was playing Chicago, he wrote: "I met Miss Fon-
tanne at Joe Ryerson's the other night and she
said she was hurt because you did not call on her
Sunday evening. But she was pleased with the re-
port that I gave her of your comment on her
beauty and that of her performance."
Well, the New York Tribune sent its managing
editor, Mr. W. 0. McGeehan, out to Chicago toi
sign Percy up. And he wrote: "I'll be happier
in New York than I am here under the circum-
stances, provided that I can get away with it.a
I like McGeehan, who impressed me as a regular
human being; and I take it from you and him
and Julian Mason among others that Mr. Reid ist
aces. Burns Mantle writes that after a year of
misery in New York I'll have it as much my own
way in New York as I have it now in Chicago.
Which cheers but does not inebriate me. Tremble,I
Stephen Rathbun!"
To write about Percy Hammond thus, instead
of with the dignity that thanatopsis is supposed
to inspire, may be a whistling to keep from being
afraid, afraid of a world without Percy Hammond.-
-F.P.A t

nearly all of whose training has been
in this country, who are at all cap-
able of treating their material with a
linguistic ability and understanding
sufficient to make the result convinc-
ing. That such students can be
found in the University should be a
matter of congratulation to all who
have had a part in their training.
The matter of comprehension and
handling is further complicated by
the vast gulf which must exist be-
tween the experiences presented and
the experiences of the student actor.
The writer's point of view is far dif-
ferent from that of the English or
American writer, the milieu is one
usually not even envisaged by the
actor, the development of plot and
idea frequently progresses at a pace
and with a nuance entirely foreign
to our own literature. Roger-Ferdi-
nand's Chotard et Cie. is no excep-
tion. The play occasionally suffers
from over-emphasis on analytical de-
tail which produces scenes in which,
to the average American audience,
action seems almost non-existent. De-
spite judicious cuts the performance
at the Lydia Mendelssohn suffered
somewhat from this fault.
With all these difficulties facing it,
the Cercle Francais under the able
direction of Professor Talamon and
his aids turns out year after year
agreeable productions in the field of
French drama new or old. If the per-
formances lack a professional bril-
liance, the audience none the less,
realizing the necessary limitations,
accepts them, makes the most of its
opportunity to see something un-
usual, and enjoys the evening. Tues-
day evening was no exception, and
probably offered more real enjoy-
ment than any recent play.
'Honors seem to go to Martha Dyne
and Carl Nelson, in the roles of Mme
Chotard, and her husband, the pro-1
vincial wholesale grocer into whose
family Julien, the artist, has married.
Both Mr. Nelson and Miss Dyne
turned in completely convincing work
as a French bourgeois couple, hand-
ling their lines competently and easi-
ly, and keeping the character as they
had set it. Their best bit was prob-
ably the family dinner scene at the
end of act one, where Mr. Nelson,
particularly, showed an ability to eat
and talk at the same time which was
truly marvelous. Miss Dyne's French
was at all times well under control
and her accent and intonation are
excellent. Mr. Nelson likewise handled
his French well.
Julien, the artistic son-in-law,
played by Vaudie Vandenberg, also
gave a very creditable performance
in a long and difficult part which de-
manded a large effort from him. His
wife, Reine, done by Mary Potter,
handled her lines agreeably well, and
her characterization was consistent,
if occasionally a little stiff, a fact
due mostly to the unfamiliarity of
the medium.
It is a great pleasure, not only to
French students, but to others who
enjoy French literature and drama,
to have this annual opportunity to
see a play presented in French, and
Ann Arbor is fortunate in having a
group of students willing to assume
this task.
::0 MvUSIC ::

It is extraordinarily difficult to
mount a play in a foreign language.
The mere mechanical obstacles to
memorization are appalling. The
choice of a cast is dependent on the
number of persons available who can
handle the language involved, and
this is frequently limited. It is no
easy task to produce students, all or



Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
WAdversity. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
_ Watl 3:34; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.

VOL. XLVI No. 146
Honors Convocation: The Thir-
teenth Annual Honors Convocation of
the University of Michigan will be
held Friday, May 1, at 11 a.m., in
Hill Auditorium. Classes, with the
exception of clinics, will be dismissed
at 10:30. Those students in clinical
classes who are receiving honors at
the Convocation will be excused in
order to attend. The faculty, seniors
and graduate students are requested
to wear academic costume but there
will be no procession. Members of
the faculty are asked to enter by the
rear door of Hill Auditorium and
proceed directly to the stage, where
arrangements have been made for
seating them. The public is invited.
Alexander G. Ruthven.
Student Admission to Schoolmas-
ter's Club Meeting: Students may se-
cure passes admitting them to all
sessions of the Schoolmaster's Club
by applying at the Recorder's Office,
4 University Hall, or the office of the
School of Education.
Faculty Meeting, College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: The regu-
lar May meeting will be held in Room
1025 A.H. Monday, May 4, beginning
at 4:10 p.m.
Report of Executive Committee-
Report concerning University Coun-
Three Special Orders:
a. Degree Program in the Field of
Religion and Ethics.
b. Changes in Combined Curricula.
c. Admission as a Student Not a
Candidate for a Degree.
Phi Beta Kappa: The Annual In-
itiation Banquet will be held on Tues-
day, May 5, at 6:30 p.m., at the Mich-
igan Union. Prof. Campbell Bonner,
Head of the Department of Greek,
will deliver the principal address. An
attempt has been made to reach all
members of record who have ex-
pressed a desire to have notices of thet
Banquet sent to them. In case there
are any members who have not re-
ceived notices, or if there are new
members from other Chapters in
town who would like to come to the'
Banquet, reservations can be made
through the Secretary's Office, 3233
Angell Hall up to noon of May 2. The
price of the dinner is $1. Tickets may
be gotten at the door. Reservations
should, however be made, as without
them it is impossible for the Chapter
to make proper arrangements for
their guests.
Orma F. Butler, Secretary.
Seniors, College of Engineering:
Seniors will be excused from classes
on Thursday, April 30, at 10 a.m. to
attend the class meeting to be held
in Room 348, West Engineering Build-
ing, at that hour.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received announcement of United
SStatesCivil Service Examinations for
Assistant Architect (Industrial Ex-
hibits), Division of Labor Standards,
Department of Labor, salary, $2,600;
Federal Agent for Agricultural Edu-
cation, salary, $4,600, and Specialist
in Agricultural Education (Part-time
and Evening Schools), salary, $3,800,
Office of Education, Department of
the Interior, Washington, D. C.; Med-
ical Officer (Specialist in Venereal
Disease Control and Cardiovascular-
Renal Disease, salary, $3,800.
For further information concern-
ing these examinations call at 201

Double Feature
A Twentieth Century-Fox picture,
with Irvin S. Cobb, Rochelle Hudson,
Johnny Downs, and others. Also a
liearst newsreel.
No movie can hope to combine all
of the trite situations, cliches, and
droopy sentimentalities upon which
the tradition of Hollywood is built,
but in "Everybody's Old Man" an un-
usually successful attempt has been
made to mold and blend the greater
part of them into one film.
Old William Franklin, who lost the
hand of beautiful Mary Travis to a
business rival many years ago, finds
her two children drinking and gam-
bling. But the daughter brings flow-
ers to place before the portrait of her
mother every day, and he knows they
are really fine young persons at heart.
When he puts them on the right road,
he murmurs to Mary's portrait, "Well,
Mary, I told you everything would be
all right."
Johnny Downs is one of the most
objectionable juveniles since Dickie
Powell. -R.A.C.
An RKO-Radio picture, with Pres-
ton Foster. Margaret Callahan. Alan

Mason Hall, office hours, 9 to 12 and
2 to 4 p.m.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information: In
order to render the most service to
the individuals on the campus, we are
arranging to meet groups of students
with common interests. This is being
done for the purpose of calling at-
tention to various opportunities and
for the purpose of discussing better
methods of procedure.
Groups are scheduled as follows:
1. All graduate students interested
in teaching on Tuesday, May 5, at
7:30 p.m. in Room 116, Michigan
Union (Attention is called to the
fact that this group has been changed
from Thursday, April 30.)
2. All Seniors interested in get-
ting business positions on Tuesday,
May 5, at 4:30 p.m. In Room 116,
Michigan Union.
3. All Graduate Students in-
terested in business positions on Wed-
nesday, May 6, at 4:30 p.m. in Room
116, Michigan Union.
T. Luther Purdom.
Instructors of Engineering College
Courses whose classes are too large to
be examined properly in their regular
classrooms, will please report that
fact to the undersigned representa-
tive of the Committee on Classifica-
tion, before May 9, stating the num-
ber of students in each class that
must be accommodated.
H. 11. Higie.
Angell Hall Observatory will be
open to the public from 8 to 10 Fri-
day evening, May 1, to observe the
moon. Children must be accompan-
ied by adults.
Students of the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: A meeting.
will be held on Tuesday, May 12 (in-
stead of April 30 as previously an-
nounced) at 4:15 p.m. Room 1025 An-
gell Hall, for students in the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts
and others interested in future work
in graduate studies. The meeting, one
of the vocational series designed to
give information concerning the na-
ture and preparation for the various
professions, will be addressedby
Dean C. S. Yoakum of the Graduate
Literary Seniors: Commencement
announcements will be sold in An-
gell Hall lobby Thursday 9 to 12.
This will be the final day to place
Seniors, College of Engineering:
Seniors will be excused from classes
on Thursday, April 30, at 10 a.m., to
attend the class meeting to be held
in Room 348, West Engineering Build-
ing, at that hour.
H. C. Sadler, Dean.
Seniors; College of Literature,Sci-
ence and Arts: Senior Class dues will
be collected today from 9 to 3 in
Angell Hall lobby by the Finance
Tickets for "Alice In Wonderland"
will go on sale Saturday, May 2, at
9 a.m. in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre office.
Hillel Dance Tickets: Tickets for
the dance at Palmer Field House Sat-
urday night may be procured at the
Foundation or from Committee
Academic Notices
Candidates for the Master's De-
gree in History: The language ex-
amination for candidates for the
Master's Degree in History will be
given at 4 p.m., Friday, May 22, in
Room B Haven. Students who wish
to take this examination should reg-
ister before May 15 in the History
Department office, 119 Haven Hall,
indicating in which language they
wish to be examined.

English 102, Make-up examination,
will be given at 7-8 p.m. tonight in
Room 25, Angell Hall.
J. L. Davis.
Lecture on Wordsworth Country:
The Reverend Frederick Cowin, min-
ister of the Church of Christ, Ann
Arbor, will give an illustrated lec-
ture on English Lake District at 10
a.m. today, Room 3017 A.H. Interest-
ed persons, students or faculty, are
cordially invited.
Graduation Recital: Anne Farqu-
har, pianist, will give the following
program in graduation recital Thurs-
day, April 30 at 8:15 o'clock in the
School of Music Auditorium, to which
the general public, with the excep-
tion of small children, is invited.
Toccata and Fugue in D major .Bach
Sonata in G minor, Op. 22 ........
.......................Schum ann

Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicantsswill, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors are asked
to be brief, the editors reserving the right to condense
all letters of over 300 words and to accept or reject
letters upon the criteria of general editorial Importance
and interest to the campus.
Capitalism And War
To the Editor: -
Your editorial entitled "Capitalism and War-
fare" submits that the struggle for markets can
be shorn of its reletless and violent character
by a reformation of capitalism rather than the
adoption of socialism, and that this can be ac-
complished by increasing the purchasing power
of the majority of the people at the expense of
the wealthy minority, by a drastic attack on
monopolies and by the lowering of tariffs. You
point to England as an example.
Without entering into a discussion as to the
difficulty or impossibility of achieving the desired
end in the manner you propose, this much may be
said in reply to your argument: -
1. No capitalist class or its government has
chosen to do what you propose; in fact, the tend-
ency is the very opposite. The New Deal was
hailed as the answer to socialism, a reformed cap-
italism. But what did the New Deal do? Failed
to reduce unemployment materially; raised the
profits of the "monopolies" and big business gen-
erally; shifted the tax burden to the low income
groups; reduced the real income of the wage
earning class; suspended the operation of the
anti-monopoly laws; did not lower tariff's; and,
appropriated the largest peace time war budget
in the history of any nation.
2. "Government regulation" depends a lot on
who regulates the government. There is far more
government regulation now than you probably
dream of; our lives are affected by a thousand
and one local, state and national regulations;
there are administrative tribunals for most every-
thing. Are we any farther on the road you lay
3. Since when has England ceased to struggle
for markets, colonies and spheres of influence,
new or old? One cannot always believe what the
papers say, but many people have been given the
impression that England is practically ready to go
to war against Italy over just such things. There is
ground to believe that England has not adopted
the measures you propose and if she has, then
they are of no effect in curbing the violent com-
petition for new markets and preventing the drive
to war.
But suppose that under capitalism, more pur-
chasing power for the majority of the people can
be secured, monopolies can be curbed, tariffs can be
lowered, steps for the elimination of war can be
tqalrn hithe f~mf is Iha.f- in on ncontry theod r1


Mr. William D. Revelli is the young
musician whose ambitions and labors
did much for the musical lives of the
Hobart ,Indiana folks and who, since
his residence in Ann Arbor has dem-
onstrated the same knack for turning
fiction into fact. Last night's concert
in Hill Auditorium was just such a
feat -guaranteed by the musicians
in the band to be an almost perfect
recital with Mr. Revelli at the helm,
the concert did everything the label
said it would.
For showmanship, and yet main-
taining ethical standards of musi-
cianship, the program was wisely
chosen. Almost every musical taste
should have been satisfied with at
least one portion of the program, for
variety abounded: there was the un-
usual represented in the symphony
for band (a good starter for youthful
composers to use as inspiration);
there was the showy trio for cor-
nets for the ear that likes virtuousity;
there was the Ariane Overture for
those who like a band to have or-
chestral qualities; and then there
were the good old marches and
pieces of distinctly band character
for the kind of person who will sit
half a hot sultry summer evening on
a park bench listening to the home
band play "The Stars and Stripes
The best part of the whole pro-
gram was that irregardless of the kind

and other points in "Soviet Communism: A New
Civilization?" by Beatrice and Sidney Webb,
copy in the Legal Research Library. They find
that Soviet Communism is a "multiform democ-
racy." They say, "Nowhere in the world outside
the U.S.S.R. is there such a continuous volume of
pitiless criticism of every branch of government,
every industrial enterprise and every cultural es-
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