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April 30, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-04-30

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The Weather
Fair, cooler in south portion
today; tomorrow partly cloudy,
showers in south, rising tem-
peratur in central portion.

L

S1ir

~I l

Editorials

T'Iarifls And The New Deal . .
The American Communist ..

VOL. XLVI No. 148 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 30, 1936

PRICE 5 CENTS

Townsendites
Hiss Hoff man
Investigation,
Elderly Listeners Throw
Jeers In Congressional
Probe Of Pension Plan
ConVerts To Plan
Applaud Witnesses
Adjournment Of Session
Is Forced Until 'People
Cool Off Sonic'
BATTLE CREEK, April 29. - (l) -
A barrage of jeers, hisses and hos-
tile comment from elderly spectators
at the Congressional inquiry into the
Townsend organization in this
stronghold of the old age pension
plan, forced an adjournment today
until "you people have cooled off
some."
Rep. Clare Hoffman, (Rep., Mich),
conducting the investigation, was
booed from the moment he walked
into the crowded room by Townsend
club members from the district which
was the first to elect a Congressman
on a Townsend platform.
The second of eight witnesses
summoned to the turbulent hearing
was being questioned when the jeers
of the spectators at Hoffman's ques-
tions and their cheers for the an-
swers of the witness led the investi-
gator to announce:
Heaters Too Enthusiastic
"I guess we'll have to give it up
for today. Maybe by tomorrow the
enthusiasm of you people will have
cooled off some"
At one point early in the hearing
Hoffman suspended questioning as
an elderly spectator near the plat-
form began chanting "rot, rot, rot."
Hoffman sought to establish the
amount Townsend supporters gave
to Rep. Verner V. Main's campaign
last year and whether merchants
were coerced into giving the clubs
two per cent of, the value of their
members' purchases.
Mrs. Pearl Plough, secretary of the
Kalamazo Townsend Club, testified
that about 100 Kalamazoo merchants
had agreed to the patronage plan, but
that contributions from this source
had totaled only $28.
Immorality Argument Denied
The booing reached a peak, when
Hoffman asked Mrs. Plough:
"Don't your lecturers contend that
daughters of the aged poor will be
driven into immorality unless the
Townsend Plan becomes effective?"
"Certainly not," she said.
Floyd R. Moody, area manager for
the Townsend clubs in 37 Michigan
counties, was being questioned when
the audience got out of hand. He
said he was paid $29 a week and that
he had been an organizer for the Ku
Klux Klan at one time.
Students At .s.C.
Fosler eace Rally
EAST LANSING, April 29. ()
The student body of Michigan State
College joined today in fostering a
peace rally, in marked contrast to
last year's disorders when the stu-
dents ducked four peace demonstra-
tors in the Red Cedar River.
The Student Council and prom-
inent campus organizations sponsored
a mass meeting tonight at which
Robert Morss Lovett, Chicago edu-
cator and lecturer, pleaded for a

lasting world peace.
David Cleary, former editor of the
State News, student newspaper, and
John Brattin, a student, spoke along
similar lines.
Three students and an Ann Arbor
clergyman who attempted a year ago
to conduct a peace rally on the
campus were ducked in the Red Cedar
River by a crowd of jeering students.
Wendel Kidnapino
Under I vestigationi
NEW YORK, April 20.-_.(/P) With
Harry Weiss held 4 $50,000 bail on
a charge of kidnaping Paul H. Wen-
del, former New Jersey Lawyer, Dis-
trict Attorney William F. X. Geoghan
and his staff tonight turned their
attention to investigation of tele-
phone calls they believed might shed
some new light on the alleged kid-
naping.
It was disclosed that Geoghan had
secured and was studying records of

May Begin Another
Ilan Investigation
LOS ANGELES, Calif., April 29. -
A Department of Justice investiga-
tion of the Townsend pension plan
finances became a possibility tonight
with an announcement that testi-
mony taken in public hearings here
would be turned over to Federal au-
thorities.
Rep. Joseph A. Gavagan, New York
Democrat and member of the House
committee conducting hearings on the
plan said evidence concerning a fi-
nancial campaign conducted by
Townsend leaders would be given to
the Justice Department when the sub-
committee returns to Washington
later this week.
0. Otto Moore, Denver, Colo., law-
yer, and one-time Townsend Con-
gressional lobby delegation member,
told a Congressional subcommittee
yesterday that Dr. Francis E. Town-
send, father of the $200 monthly pen-
sion plan, approved a campaign to
raise money from Townsend Clubs
for the delegation after members had
given up their 1935 fight for pension
legislation.
C. Of C. Urges
Less Spending
By Government
New Tax Measure Attacked
By Business Men Meeting
In Annual Convention
WASHINGTON, April 29. - (P) --
Assembled members of the Chamber
of Commerce of the United States to-
day heard sharp and repeated as-
sertions that decreased Federal
spending, making possible a reduction
in taxes, was the best method of
meeting President Roosevelt's sugges-
tion that business expand its pay-
rolls.
Speakers before the chamber's
annual convention aimed shaft after
shaft at the Administration's $803,-
000,000 tax bill which swept through
the House even as they spoke.
The Chamber's sessions coincided
also with the issuance of a statement
by the American Federation of Labor,
declaring that "little or no progress
in re-employment" has been made
this year, and that "business men"
must act to cure this situation.
Gains in employment have not kept
pace with gains in business, the Fed-
eration said, adding that "more than
1,000,000 possible jobs have been elim-
inated by lengthening work hours
since the termination of NRA."
Asserting that the average work
week has "increased since January,"
it added that Federation estimates
showed 12,184,000 still were without
normal work in industry in March.
Defending the efforts of business
to provide jobs, William L. Sweet,
treasurer of the Rumford, R. I.,
Chemical Works, told a round table
conference on industrial relations
that American corporations had paid
out $20,000,000 since 1929 in "pro-
viding unnecessary work and wages
beyond the amounts warranted by
the current volume of business."
Capital resources, he said, had been
depleted $9,000,000,000 by voluntary
maintenance of a surplus working
force, adding that this was a denial
of charges by some that employers
were "ruthless exploiters of labor."
Massachusetts
Votino Shows
Landon In Lead
BOSTON, April 29. - () -- Com-

plete returns from a primary that
drew a presidential preference from
but a small percentage of Massachu-
setts voters today gave Gov. Alf M.
Landon of Kansas, a heavy endorse-
ment in the Republican "write in"
balloting.
A similarly small percentage of
Democrats declared their preference
for President Roosevelt.
No complete tabulation of the
Roosevelt vote was available.
Roosevelt-pledged candidates for
delegates to the Democratic National
Convention were elected in all but one
district - the 10th.
Officials of several Massachusetts
Landon-for-President Clubs had cam-
paigned in the interests of the Kan-
sas governor, but none of the other
leading presidential possibilities -
U. S. Senator Borah of Idaho, Col-
onel Frank Knox, Chicago and Man-
chester, N. H. publisher; former
President Herbert Hoover, or U.S.
Senator Vandenberg of Michigan -
made any active appeal or endorse-
ment,

State Political
Leaders Score
SpoilsSystem
Hold Initial Organization
Meeting Of Association
For Civil Service
Comment On Work
Of Prof. j.K.Pollock
Need For College Trained'
Men Cited By Speakers
AppearingIn Lansing
By FRED WARNER NEAL
LANSING, April 29. - (Special to,
The Daily) -The possibility that civil
service in Michigan will enable stu-
dents to go directly from the Univer-
sity's political science classes into the
state's employ was cited here today at
the organization meeting of the Mich-
igan Merit System Association in the
Hotel Olds.
Approximately 150 prominent civic
leaders of all types attended the in-
itial meeting of the organization,
which puts public opinion solidly be-
hind Prof. James K. Pollock's efforts
to bring civil service to Michigan.
They heard the merit system praised
and the spoils system denounced by
Gov. Frank Fitzgerald, former-gov-
ernor William A. Comstock, Robert
L. Johnson, an executive of Time
magazine, former relief administra-
tor in Pennsylvania, and a repre-
sentative of the National Civil Serv-
ice League, and Professor Pollock.
Cites Need For Graduates
Citing the need for college grad-
uates in the public service, Governor
Fitzgerald said "the future in govern-
ment is as much today as in industry.
There is everything in it if you put
your heart in it." But, he added,
civil service will make this so even
to a greater degree than it is now.
"These persons I have mentioned are
in a minority," the Governor de-
clared, "but they are there."
Robert L. Johnson put the idea
more concretely. "I think it will be
a wonderful thing," he said, "when
we can have courses in civil govern-
ment in our colleges from which stu-
dents can enter the government
service." Along with this, Mr. John-
son envisioned examinations which
must be passed before a person can
become a candidate for office.
Praise Civil Service
Both Governor Fitzgerald and Mr.
Johnson, as well as Mr. Comstock,
had only praise for civil service and
for Professor Pollock's work. The
governor declared that "the civil serv-
ice bill (which Professor Pollock's
study commission will submit to the
legislature July 1) will pass whether
I am governor or not. The bill will
be a model for every state in the
Union, and no legislature will dare
to turn it down."
Announcing himself "absolutely
(Continued on Page z)
Polities Forbidden
To Extension Men
LANSING, April 29. - (U) - Exten-
sion workers throughout the State re-
ceived warnings today that they must
remain aloof from political activity.
. C. W. Warburton, director of ex-
tension work in Washington, served
notice that the order applies to ap-
pointive as well as civil service em-
ployes. His letter pointed out that
the wearing of emblems and buttons
advertising political candidates and

parties is forbidden. Neither may the
workers distribute literature, assist
in any way in the conduct or ar-
rangements for political gatherings,
or serve as delegates to political con-
ventions. They have only the right to
attend political gatherings as spec-
tators.
The penalty for violation of the
order is dismissal.
Galens T oPresent
All-Medic Smoker
Galens, honorary medical society,
and allied medical students will pre-
sent their annual All-Medic Smoker
at 8 p.m. tonight in the Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre at the Michigan
League, in which the faculty of the
Medical School is taken each year for
a ride in musical skits written and
staged for the smoker by students and
internes.
The smoker this year will com-
prise five full stage acts and three en-
tre-acts, and the special newspaper
printed each year for the occasion,

Red Corpuscles Go
On Spree; Girl Is
Hit By Od Malady
OMAHA, Neb., April 29. - () --
After giving away a pint a day for a
week, Theresa Thiele, 16, still had
too much blood tonight.
A rare disease, erythemia, manu-
factured the over supply as fast as
it was taken from her.
While the girl's condition im-
proved, the blood she gave kept life
in the veins of a fellow hospital pa-
tient, Bernard Wisnieski, 21, of
Dodge, Neb.
Erythemia - over production of
red corpuscles -is an unusual mal-
ady. The Thiele girl's case is ex-
ceptional, officials of theAmerican
Medical Association said in Chicago,
because of the amount of blood she
was able to lose without ill effects.
All this surplus was transfused in-
to the body of Wisnieski, victim of
an infection in a crushed foot.
Schoolmasters
Open Sessions
At Union Today
Conference On Teacher
Education To Be Held;
Music Group Meets
The Michigan Schoolmasters' Club
will open its annual three day ses-
sion here today, expected to bring
nearly 1,000 administrators of colleges
and secondary schools to Ann Arbor
for discussion of problems and de-
velopments in the field of education.
Opening with the seventh annual
meeting of the Conference on Teach-
er-Education, an allied group, this
morning in the Michigan Union, the
Club will devote the afternoon to a
meeting of the society's conference on
problems in the field of higher edu-
cation, under the chairmanship of
Prof. George E. Carrothers, director
of the Bureau of Cooperation with
Educational institutions.
A joint luncheon of the two groups
will be held at 12:15 p.m. at the
Union, at which President Wynand
Wihers of Hope College will speak
on "Future Possibilities of the Mich-
igan Association of North Central Col-
leges."
The only other group of the School-
masters' Club to meet during the
day will be the music conference,
which will devote the day to a fes-
tival of solo and small instrumental
ensemble groups from Michigan high
schools in a program arranged by
Prof. William D. Revelli of the School
of Music. The rest of the Club's gen-
eral sessions will begin Friday.
The Conference of Teacher Educa-
tion will open at 9:30 a.m. with a dis-
cussion by Prof. Arthur B. Moehlman
of the School of Education of the
proposed teacher guilds. A panel on
the implication for teacher-education
of the new Michigan certification
code will follow, to be given by Prof.
Raleigh S. Schorling of the School
of Education, John R. Emens of the
State Department of Public Instruc-
tion, Prof. H. L. Turner of Michigan
State Normal College, Prof. Parker
G. Lantz of Central State Teachers
College, and Prof. Mary Munro War-
ner of Kalamazoo College.
After a talk by Prof. Clifford
Woody of the School of Education on
curriculum trends in Michigan
schools, there will be a discussion of
the reports, led' by Dean James B.
Edmonson of the School of Educa-
tion, chairman of the session.
IHtungarians Tense
After Police Raid

BUDAPEST, Hungary, April 29. -
(U) -- Watchful officers of the Hun-
garian army remained close to their
posts tonight after police, by a series
of raids, disclosed apparent plans for
a Nazi putsch on May 1.
Eighteen Nazi leaders, including Dr.
Zooltan Boszormeny, asserted chief of
the National Socialist movement in
Hungary, were held in jail.
The raids, swiftly simultaneous, re-
sulted in the seizure of 40 uniforms
of Hungarian army colonels and gen-
erals in Dr. Boszormeny's Budapest
home.
t_--rds--en Called
To Save Prisoner
HUNTSVILLE, Ala., April 29. -
- A menacing, hooting crowd was
dispersed with tear gas by harrassed
national guardsmen today at a pre-
liminary hearing for Walter Miller,
young Negro charged with the murde
of Vivian Woodward, 19, year old

Italians Near
Addis Ababa
C
(
On Last Push a
t
Unofficial Reports Place C
. C
Badoglio At Koro Gassa;
Capital Lies Ahead L
w
Tropical Rains May t
Slow Up Final Drive
Mussolini Sees Early End A
To War; 2,090 Laborers'
Sail FromNaples a
r
ROME, April 29. - (') - An Ital-
ian motorized column turned due
west today for a final push on Addis
Ababa.
The daily communique from Mar-
shal Pietro Badoglio, Commander-In-
Chief of the African armies, an-
nounced the occupation of Macfud,
about 170 kilometers (about 106
miles) from Dessye.
Unofficial reports had the column]
reaching Koro Gassa, which is the
point where the road from Dessye
turns sharply west for a straight run
to the captial. Natives were de-
scribed as friendly.
Heavy tropical rains, meanwhile,e
slowed down the drive of the South-
ern army against Sasa Baneh, wheret
an Ethiopian army is standing to
prevent capture of the important city
of Harar. Patrols were active, how-E
ever.
In its advance on the capital the
Northern army is exercising everye
precaution against falling into a trap.i
Scouting planes are engaged in al-(
most constant reconnaissance flightst
to prevent the main column from
falling into an ambush, and an ad-
vance infantry patrol also affords1
a safeguard.
With the fall of Addis Ababa ap-
parently in sight, heavy shipments
of workmen to Africa continue, in-
dicating Premier Mussolini intends
to continue large scale work even af-
ter peace. The S.S. Umbria sailed to-t
day from Naples with 2,090 workmen.
Riksen Employe
Fined By Court,
For Violations
Sandwich Dispenser Loses
License Case; Defense
Breaks Down
D. Ray Riksen, fraternity sand-
wich man, received a court setback1
today when Charles Golder, one of
his employes, was ordered by Judge
Jay H. Payne to pay a $10 fine and
$16.55 in costs or go to jail for 30
days for peddling without the $150.
license required by the city ordinance.
The case arose from Golder's arrest
April 23 by Officers Fred Foster and
Roland Gainsley of the' Ann Arbor
Police Department.
A case pending against Riksen
himself for an arrest April 21 on a
similar charge was dismissed at the
city's request, but he will stand trial
in the near future on that charge for
a subsequent arrest on the night of
April 23, in the third of three city
cases against the Riksen Fraternity
Sandwich Service.
Golder's attorney, Carl H. Stuhr-
berg, based his defense on a claim
that Golder had helped make the

sandwiches, and that he had been
hired by the Washtenaw Independent
Dairy to sell milk for them from their
truck, which he was driving when
arrested. He further maintained, but
failed to show by any testimony, that
the complaint against Riksen's ser-
vice had been made by a competitor,
Sam Spanneli.
His defense failed, however, when
Charles Naylor, vice-president of the
dairy company, and a defense wit-
ness, admitted under cross-examina-
tion by City Attorney William Laird,
that the milk sold by Golder from
,the company's truck was paid for by
Riksen. The city ordinance provides
that peddlers selling products of
their own production or manufacture
are not required to be licensed.
Will Not Prosecute
SKiller Of Dick Loeb
JOLIET, Ill., April 29 - ) -
State's Attorney William R. McCabe
announced tonight he would not
r prosecute James Day for the razor
I slaying of Richard (Dickie) Loeb in

MVore Funds Asked
To Prolong Inquiry
WASHINGTON, April 29. -(L) _I
"ommunications Commission officials
lisclosed today they had requested
n additional $400,000 from Congress
o continue their many-sided inves-
igation of the five-billion-dollar
merican Telephone and Telegraph ]
ompany.
The Commission received $750,000
ast year for the investigation, of
vhich about $500,000 has been spent.
Unless aditional funds are granted,
he inquiry will end July 1. Should
he appropriation be voted it would
ontinue until February, 1937.
Commission officials said that by
he later date, a broad picture of all
A. T. & T. operations could be d-
'eloped and a foundation laid for pro-
'iding state regulatory bodies with
ny information they might need in
ate cases.
SEC Ousts 50 St
$
Stock Salesmen c1
During Inquiry
Federal Authorities May a
Continue Investigations
For Six More Months s
t
DETROIT, April 29. - () - Fed- t
eral investigators claimed to have un-
desirable stock salesmen "on the run"w
tonight, reporting that 50 of them
had quit their jobs or been discharged
ince an inquiry by the Securities
Exchange Commission started here t
April 6.V
John T. Callahan, assistant gen- P
eral SEC counsel, pictured conditions c
in Detroit as "so bad that we could w
continue investigating here for more f
than six months or maybe a year."
He was drafting the first of a series v
of injunction petitions to be filed ina
Federal court against certain broker-t
age houses, but added: '
"It will take more than injunctions p
and indictments to clean up the se-
curities business in Detroit." 1
Taking notice of the SEC inquiry,c
State officials planned two investiga-C
tions of the Michigan Corporation t
and Securities Commission, a hearinga
starting Thursday at Lansing beforei
the Legislative Council and possiblyc
a Bar Association inquiry.
Governor Fitzgerald, who recom-
mended the Bar inquiry, announceda
he was "not the least bit exercised"''
about activities of the Commission orv
Mrs. Alice E. Alexander, its sole mem-g
ber.
"As far as I am concerned therer
is nothing wrong with the Commis-n
sion," the governor said.
Speaker George A. Schroeder ofI
the House of Representatives saidv
Mrs. Alexander and state investiga-I
tors would be called upon to appearc
at the Legislative Council hearing.
Callahan declined to appear or let.
his agents testify until the SEC in-
vestigation is completed.
Hunger Strike
Started To Get
Relief Requests
ST. LOUIS, April 29. - ()-To
enforce their demands for relief, 30
men and women besieging the cham-
bers of the Board of Aldermen vot-
ed late today to go on a "hunger
strike."
The decision was made after police
were ordered by Health Commissioner
Joseph F. Bredeck to permit no fur-

ther delivery of food to the group par-
ticipating in the "relief siege."
Leaders of the protesting group as-
serted 10 of their number-40 b-
gan the demonstration yesterday -
left the building for food and were
not permitted to return.
Dr. Bredeck said he issued the order
because there were no facilities for
eating in the crowded, narrow gal-
lery and "a bad sanitary condition"
would result if food were served there.
He denied his order was intended
to "starve out" the demonstrators, as
one of their leaders charged.
Youth Is Convicted
Of Weird Murder
LOS ANGELES, April 29. - (UP)--
The "death by the clock" slayings of
an elderly couple resulted in a first-
degree murder conviction tonight of
Gottfried Stettler, stolid Swiss immi-
grant youth. The jury recommended
life imprisonment.
The state charged that Stettler
beat Mr. and Mrs. Barbour to death

Huge Tax Bill
Readily Passes
louse, 267-93
lepublicans Mass Forces
To Oppose As Measure
Goes To Senate
83,000,000 Plan
Receives Criticism
Vorgenthan To Be First
Witness Before Senate
Finance Committee
WASHINGTON, April 29. - (?) -
enate majority leaders declared
hemselves ready tonight to speed
onsideration of the administration's
803,000,000 tax bill which swept
hrough the House this afternoon
y the one-sided vote of 267 to 93.
Some trouble signals nevertheless
oomed ahead. Two drives were in
ormation, one led by a Democrat and
nother by a Progressive, to revise
he plan through a sharp boost in in-
ome taxes. Republicans have been
ummoned to outline a concerted at-
ack and it was generally conceded
he Senate could not even approach
.he almost record-shattering speed
ith whichi the bill was handled on
he House floor.
No Change Expected
Despite this, administration chief-
ains contended both publicly and pri-
vately that the President's program
or a drastic revision of the entire
corporation tax structure would be
written on the statute books without
fundamental change.
Public hearings on the House bill
will begin tomorrow before the Sen-
ate Finance Committee, with Secre-
tary Morgenthau the opening witness.
It will be his first Congressional ap-
pearance on the disputed measure..
The Treasury secretary will be fol-
owed by spokesmen for industry, in-
cluding officials of the Chamber of
Commerce of the United States. Their
testimony was foreshadowed today by
a new barrage of criticism laid down
in speeches at the Chaiber's annual
convention.
Party Lines Followed
The final and overwhelming House
approval of the measure, with the
voting closely following party lines,
was given quietly despite the back-
ground of hot controversy which had
marked its consideration since it was
proposed by President Roosevelt al-
most two months ago.
Four Republicans voted with the
Democrats in approving the bill. They
were Representatives Burdick and
Lemke of North Dakota; Marcantonio
of New York; and Stefan of Nebraska,
Eleven Democrats voted against the
measure on final passage. They were
Representatives Corning of New
York; Greenway of Arizona; Kennedy
of New York; Kenney of New Jer-
sey; Kleberg of Texas; Lamneck of
Ohio; Lea of California; Lanham of
Texas; Pettengill of Indiana; Peyser
of New York and Sutphin of New
Jersey.
Coast Gu ard,
Airplane Hunt
For Lost Boat
CHICAGO, April 29.--(P)-Coast
Guard boats and an airplane joined
tonight in the search for the 45-
foot fishing tug, "H. Waterhill," ov-
erdue since 6 p.m. Tuesday. Four

men were aboard the craft.
The Coast Guard cutter, "Rush,"
was ordered to carry on the search
as patrol boat 119 returned without
sighting the tug in lower Lake Michi-
gan.
F. J. Bixler, divisional traffic man-
ager of Northwest Airlines, report-
ed a 200-mile circular flight by one
of Northwest's twin-motored planes
failed to locate the missing boat. Fog
spoiled visibility over the water, he
said.
Aboard the "11. Waterhill" were
Capt. James Peterson and his crew of
three, Ernest Johnson, George A.
Koons and Martin Wakild, all of
Chicago.
Trapped Ships Wait
For Thawing Of Ice
BUFFALO, N. Y., April 29. - U)--
Twenty-four ships were trying to
push through heavy but apparently
softening ien off Port Colborne to-

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