SATURDAY, APUi IL , 19 G
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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University year and Summer Session by the Board in
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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT Telephone 4925
BOARD OF EDITORS
KANAGING EDITOR ..............THOMAS H. KLEENE
ASSOCIATE EDITOR...............THOMAS E. GROEHN
Dorothy S. Gies Josephine T. McLean William R. Reed
Publication Department: Thomas H. Kleene, Chairman;
Clinton B. Conger, Robert Cummins, Richard G. Her-
shey, Ralph W. Hurd, Fred Warner Neal.
Reportorial Department: Thomas E. Groehn, Chairman;
Elsie A. Pierce, Joseph S. Mattes.
Editorial Department: Arnold S. Daniels, Marshall D.
Rports Department: William R. Reed, Chairman: George
Andros, Fred Buesser, Fred DeLano, Ray Goodman.
Women's Departmen,: Josephine T. McLean, Chairman;
Josephine M. Cavanagh, Florence H. Davies, Marion T.
Holden, Charlotte D. Rueger, Jewel W. Wuerfel.
BUSINESS DEPARTMENT Telephone 2-1214
BUSINESS MANAGER...........GEORGE H. ATHERTON
CREDIT MANAGER............ JOSEPH A. ROTHRARD
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER .... MARGARET COWIE
WOMEN'S SERVICE MANAGER ...ELIZABETH SIMONDS
Local Advertising, William Barndt; Service Department,
Willis Tomlinson; Contracts, Stanley Joffe; Accounts,
Edward Wohlgemuth; Circulation and National Adver-
tising, John Park; Classified Advertising and Publica-
tions, Lyman Bittman.
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT CUMMINS
order to preserve mismanagement or obsolescence
of machines in a certain industry.
A decrease in tariffs, especially an eimination
of high protective tariffs, would also be a great
stimulus towards ending this suicidal rush fo
new markets. Many a nation today, especially
those who normally export to the United States
which has the highest tariffs in the world, would
not be seeking in vain now for new markets and
a source of raw materials if it were allowed t
exchange its goods for those of countries around
By such means could the impetus to the race
for markets be eliminated, and without changing
the capitalistic system more than it is in England
today. And not only could one of the roots o0
war be destroyed, but it could well result in the
economic amelioration of the civilized people o1
ENRY LEWIS MENCKEN once held
a long investigation to determine
which is the most "civilized" state in the Union.
Long sets of tables were carefully computed, and
after two months of work it was announced in The
American Mercury that Massachusetts led the
That was four years ago, and by now Mencken
most likely realizes his error. Less than a month
ago the state legislature of Massachusetts con-
firmed the law requiring all educators to take
the Teachers' Oath of loyalty. Two days ago two
grammar school children were sentenced to terms
of five years in the reformatory for refusing to
take the Pledge of Allegiance. The children, sister
and brother, are Disciples of Jehovah, and are pre-
vented by their religious beliefs from taking the
Adding a new note to the ridiculous tenor of
the affair, a national official of the Daughters
of the American Revolution has announced that
the children are criminals, that their father is an
alien and should be deported, and that the fam-
ily should show more gratitude to the nation
which has given them an opportunity to "make
It is hard to believe that only four years ago
Massachusetts was called the most civilized state
in the union, but the reason for the change is not
hard to discover. It is summed up in the name
James Michael Curley, three-times Mayor of Bos-
ton, alderman, common-councilman, legislative-
representative, Congressman and at present Gov-
ernor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Long a thorn in the side of the Democratic party,
Curley attended the Cleveland convention in 1932
as the representative from Puerto Rico, because his
home state refused to delegate him.
Since that time, Curley has been snubbed by
Washington, and relegated to a minor spot in the
Democratic roster. Even our national leaders
are unwilling to trust his rough and ready style
of ward politics. And it is through his bold sys-
tem of patronage that Curley has smashed all
that was good in Massachusetts government. The
most dangerous thing that he has done was the
changing of the parole rules so that the board
became a completely political affair. Minor of-
fenses are his fantastic expenditures, his support
of the Teachers' Oath and the frank selling of
high offices which has characterized his regime.
The corruption which has led to as ridiculous
an affair as the sending of the two children to
the reformatory can be directly traced to Curley's
activities. He has destroyed every remnant of
liberty under law in Massachusetts, has laughed
at the ethics of decent government and made
of the State house a muck-hole of corruption.
The only hope which the state has of ridding
itself of him is a Republican landslide in the next
election. And it will take a new generation of
Republicans to rebuild their party machine, which
has been smashed by the Curley power.
I N ESTIMATING the effect of sanc-
tions upon Italy, Time Magazine for
this week comments as follows:
"Exports were cut almost 50 per cent. The
country most effective in applying sanctions was
Yugoslavia, which bought only $300 worth of
Italian goods in February. The U.S. profited most
from trading with outlawed Italy, her exports
from November, 1935, through February, 1936,
increasing $2,148,000 over the same period the
Some of our more impractical compatriots have
from time to time suggested that we join the
League of Nations. It is just a matter of sound
reasoning that if we were to join, it would mean
that we would have to impose sanctions on our-
selves, and as every hard-headed business man
knows, this would be very foolish, in view of our
increasing profits. To cut our profits just when
they are beginning to rise would aggravate the
employment problem. It's just a matter of com-
And Warfae. .
NE OF THE SPEAKERS at the
peace assembly Tuesday pointed
out that he believed our decadent capitalistic
system necessitates warfare because of the pres-
sure it exerts upon business to seek new markets,
causing strife between nations' in their constant
striving for these ever-diminishing markets.
This speaker advocated for this reason the
changing of the capitalistic system for that of a
socialistic one. Unfortunately he neglected in his
elucidation of his opinions the possibility of re-
forming or modifying the capitalistic system in,
such a manner that this relentless and violent
competition for new markets may be eliminated.
For this reason alone the capitalistic system can-
not be called unjustifiable, for there is nothing
inherent in the capitalistic system which will
For instance the excess goods that are exported
because no market can be found for them in the
home country could be used to a great advan-
tage by the people of that country with low in-
comes, and these number more than three fourths
of the population. This could be done by increas-
ing the purchasing power of the people by various
means, such as redistribution of the income
through income taxes and pensions, by increasing
the bargaining power of labor, or by lowering
prices. Whatever the means may be, it is quite
possible, mainly through more government con-
trol, to shift our productive capacity into serving
ourselves, instead of foisting marketless goods upon
Chinese or other foreigners.
The role of monopolies in causing competition
for new markets can scarcely be over-estimated.
Since monopolies limit their production in order
to make the greatest profit, they are left with
productive capacity which could be put to use
in producing goods to be sold at a very low price
in foreign countries. Such a practice is known
as dumping, and is very common in monopolies.
What they are really doing is selling goods cheap-
ly to foreigners and on the other hand selling the
same goods to Americans at very high prices. This
continual search for new markets in which to
sell goods cheaply at the expense of Americans
could be eliminated by a more drastic attack upon
monopolies and the spreading of a realization of
The Conning Towerj
r - -
Sing ho for the life of a minister,
Protected and carefree and gay-
o Whose day contains nothing that's sinister,
Who lives in perpetual May.
His life is assuredly the best of all;
e His luck is a joy to record-
Except when, in moments of festival,
fHe visits a hospital ward.
e The work of a pastor is genial;
No duty to make humans quail-
Though sometimes a chore may seem menial,
Like greeting a prisoner in jail.
Fate owes to the cloth no indemnity;
In smiles holy features abound:
Still, oft there is show of solemnity-
Mayhap on a burial ground.
So sing to the pit and the gallery
The minister's freedom from strife,
From worriment over his salary
And all the grim mishaps of life!
The Conning Tower's congratulations to Mr.
Clark B. Firestone for his book about the rivers
of the Middle West, "Sycamore Shores." Often
we have wondered what had become of him. In
1904, and for a few years after that, Mr. Fire-
stone was an editorial writer for the Evening Mail.
His was the boomingest voice ever heard by any of
the Mail's staff. His "Boy!" could have been heard
in the Evening Post office, across the street. When
Rube Goldberg, whose desk was nearest to Fire-
stone's, first heard that rafter-shaking barytone,
he said, "That guy'd just waste money telephon-
"If we are to be fortified against a youth move-
ment which may tear down the building of which
they know not," said Mrs. William A. Bencker,
president general of the D.A.R., "and set civiliza-
tion back countless ages, let American citizens
Ilook to their homes and their communities, and
provide character training and occupation for
their youth." Yes, ma'am, and if the Daughters of
the Revolution (1776) and Mr. Hearst don't like
the way American citizens are looking to their
homes and their communities, the D.A.R. and Mr.
Hearst will tell American citizens just how to look
and where -such as under the bed for nassy ole
Communist - and will also tell American citizens
just what character training and occupation youth
ought to have.
Rome was 2,689 years old yesterday. Romulus
and Remus are dead, but their lupine nurse still
is at my door.
(After seeing "Pettticoat Fever" and "The
Bride Comes Home")
Strange is the way of a man with a maid;
But stranger, I ween,
Is the way a man's way with a maid is portrayed
On the screen.
That impression may have been created. In-
deed, I saw a banker and a utility man gaze in
my direction and then go into a whispering buzz
about. my dinner coat. I thought I heard one of
them say, "The dirty proletarian." - Heywood
Broun in the World-Telegram.
No. What he probably said was "The dirty din-
Of course, the financial concert will include "I
Know a Bank Where the Wild Dime Grows." And
Russel Crouse says that he will sing M'oney That I
Love So Well."
And the bankers' children probably recite "A
The newspaper publishers are discussing the
maintenance of a free press, most of which seems
to be academic discussion. The publishers have
the power to keep the press free, and that free-
'dom is a privilege which carries with it an exactly
We have been employed by various newspapers,
some freer than others. Yet never has our free-
dom been questioned by a publisher. But that is
not enough. Sometimes we have felt that we were
not interfered with because our stuff was sur-
charged with syrup, or was drooping with gallop-
It is easy enough to shout the battle cry of
press freedom, but we don't know what the shout-
ing is for. That there is a partisan press, a press
that colors its news stories and places what
we consider wrong emphasis on its news there is
no doubt; nor is any paper utterly free from bias;
sooner or later, for periods varying from a fleeting
instant to eternity, newspapers get the messianic
complex . . . Nobody with unrestricted power
is without the desire to set things right, to re-
mold things to the heart's desire. Nor is hope
mortal. For we still think that we can make the
Commissioner of Licenses do something about the
newsstands next to subway stations, newsstands
that so narrow the adjacent sidewalks that they
constitute an inconvenience and a menace. We
hope that we can make him do something about
it; and years of experience have taught us that
we can't do any such thing.
For what said Lord Byron? Come gather round
us and we'll tell you:
The Journal looks on Marathon,
And Marathon looks nn the R - PP
ESTELLE WINWOOD'S "LUCK"
By ROBERT HENDERSON
(Director of the 1936 Dramatic Season)
Through my association with the
theatre festivals I have worked with
and watched at work nearly all of
the distinguished actresses of the
American stage. With the exception
of the Lunts, Miss Cornell and Miss
Hayes, Ann Arbor has had the im-
portant stars of our theatre. Of all
those I have known I feel the two
finest artists have been Miss Win-
wood, and Eugenie Leontovich who
appeared in the festival two years
ago in "And So To Bed" and who is
now the sensation of the London sea-
son in "Tovarich."
Estelle Winwood does not especial-
ly enjoy this coupling of names. As
an actress she admires Leontovich;
as a person her British reticence
shrinks from the Russian emotional-
ism of Leontovich. Last summer in
London Sybil Thordike, Miss Win-
wood and Leontovich met after the
play in a restaurant. To Miss Win-
wood, Leontovich seemed affected and
theatric. It is the innate English
sense of breeding that suspects every
other nationality of a lack of taste.
Actually, barring the fact that one
is Russian and the other English, the
two are extraordinarily similar in
their work and their art. Both, off
the stage and in their rehearsals, are
simple intent craftsmen, indefatig-
able workers. On the stage, in per-
formance, both are the essence of
temperament. Both are exotiques.
In other words, Miss Winwood, like
Leontovich, works in the mould of the
theatre that is theatre. She has be-
come famous for her eyes --larger
even than Joan Crawford's - for her
bangs, for the 18th century mould of
her lips. All these are the externals
which have built up the legend and
glamor of Estelle Winwood. These'
are the excressances that make her
the darling and delight of the New
Underneath this very definite fas-
cination -only Mary Garden can
walk across the stage as excitingly as
Miss Winwood - there is an artist
who probably knows as much or more
of her trade than any other actress
in the country.
It is not generally known that Miss
Winwood founded and directed for
four years the Liverpool Repertory
Theatre, one of the first of its kind in
England and the only one still run-
ning successfully. It is this back-
ground that makes her able to play a
sweet old woman like Lady Emily in
"The Bishop Misbehaves" or the.
sybil tragedy of her Constance in
"The Ugly Runts"; or the street-
walkers who act like ladies, and the
ladies who act like street-walkers
which have made her reputation as
a New York star.
She is famous for "stealing" shows;
in "The Circle," in "The Little Jour-
ney," in "Scarlet Sister Mary," in
the amusing case of "Spring Clean-
ing" where Violet Heming was left
high and dry in the same cast by
Miss Winwood's brilliant perform-
ance, indeed in "The Distaff Side"
last season with Dame Sybil, she in-
variably makes you leave the theatre.
thinking she is the only actress in the
"Oh yes," I remember one star
speaking of Miss Winwood, "but who
couldn't 'steal' a play with the won-
derful parts that woman gets." This
winter, when I was in the cast with
Miss Winwood in "I Want a Police-
man," I witnessed the rebuttal of
the story that she could only make
a success of a good part.
In "I Want a Policeman," I give
you my word, she had in her role of
Lady Breen as stupid and inept and
dull a role as I have ever read. It
was unbelievable that she would ac-
cept such a part. And then, during
the three weeks of the play out of
town, I saw her by the sheer mastery
of her technique-of her art, really
-twist and turn that pitiful part un-
til it became rare and amusing and'
the hit of the show. People used to
pour back into her dressingroom and
congratulate her on her luck in get-
ting such an amusing part. Again,
they said, the Winwood luck had
worked. Again Estelle Winwood had'
picked herself a "fat" part which
stole the show. To all this, Miss Win-
wood would smile in appreciation and
admit that, yes, her "luck" was still
THE NEW YORKER BOOK OF'
VERSE; an Anthology of Poems
First Published in the New Yorker,
1925-35; $2.50; Harcourt, Brace'
By DON T. SMITH
A great writer once wrote that the
world is full of poetry; the air is liv-
ing with its spirit, and the waves,
dance to the music of its melodies,
and sparkle in its brightness.
By even a rapid persual of this
anthology, one feels that the editors
had suh a thuanoht in mind wheni
(Continued from Page 3)
This meeting will be in the form
of a reception for our new students
in the Federal School. A good male
voice accompanied by a piano will be
part of the entertainment.
All active members are urged to be
on hand to receive these new addi-,
tions to our Public Health Dept. To
make it a total success we also urged
the Federal students to come and get
acquainted with their fellow students.
Graduate Outing Club will have an
early morning bird hike, Sunday,
April 26. The group will meet at
6:00 a.m. in the park behind the
Museum at the corner of Geddes
Ave. and Forest. Breakfast will be
served for approximately 15 cents.
All graduate students are cordially
invited to attend.
Choral Union Rehearsal: There will
be a full rehearsal of the University
Choral Union Sunday, April 26, at
2:30 p.m., at the School of Music
Auditorium on Maynard Street. All
members are expected to be present.
Genesee Club meeting Sunday,
April 26, 5:15 p.m. at the Union.
Monday Evcening Drama Section
of the Faculty Women's Club will
hold their annual dinner meeting
Monday, April 27, at the Haunted
Tavern, at 6:30 p.m Telephone Mrs.
Win. R. Taylor for reservations.
Bibliophiles of The Faculty Wom-
en's Club will meet on Tuesday, April
28, 2:30 p.m., at the home of Mrs.
W. T. Dempster, 401 W. Hoover Ave.
The study of French Drama will be
Michigan Dames Homemaking
Group will hold its annual pot-luck
supper at 6:15 p.m. Tuesday, April
28, in the Russian Tea Room of the
Michigan League. For reservations
or cancellation's, please call Mrs.
Haies not later than Sunday night',
April 26. (Phone 730F21) .
The faculty advisors will speak in-
formally on hobbies, and each mem-
bers is asked to bring a copy of her
favorite recipe and of her most ec-
First Methodist Church, Sunday:
Dr. C. W. Brashares will preach on
"Teach Me to Pray" at 10:45 a.m.
Stalker Hall, Sunday:
12 noon, Dr. E. W. Blakeman will
lead a discussion on the subject "The
Meaning of the Oxford Oath." This
is the first in a "Peace-War" series
of discussions. 6, p.m., Wesleyan
Guild meeting. Under the chairman-
ship of Herbert Soper there will be
a discussion following the Spring
Parley on the topic "Our Tomorrow-
What Shall We Make It?" Reports
of the various sections will be given
by members of the group. 7 p.m.
Fellowship hour and supper.
Harris hll, Sunday:
The regular student meeting will
be held in Harris Hall at 7 p.m. Prof.
Robert B. Hall of the Geography De-
partment will be the speaker for the
evening. All students and their
friends are cordially invited.
Saint Andrew's Epsicopal Church,
Services of worship are: 8:00 a.m.,
erage of the verse is more serious in
tone than the publication from which
it is staken. Even the lighter verse
seems to have a definite idea besides
nonsense or mere flippancy.
That the world is full of poetry
and subjects for poetry one is con-
vinced if he reads every poem in this
anthology. Subjects run from hotel
lobbies to New England meeting
houses, from Harlem to Bohemia,
from Manhatten taxi-cabs to the
open road, from the sweet and in-
nocent to the sophisticated lady.
The book is arranged in seasonal
divisions rather than topical or emo-
tional. The poems, that is, are divid-
ed into twelve sections, one for each
month, so that the reader, in a soft
May mood, can get May poetry with-
out skipping around.
According to the preface, the pub-
lisbers selected the 300 poems in the
collection from more than 4,000 which
appeared in the first ten years' is-
sues of The New Yorker, and when
one realizes the 4,000 were selected
from some 90,000 which found their
way into their offices than it is fair
to assume the poems may all be clev-
er, which they are indeed.
The New Yorker Book of Verse
containsepoemsby more than100
contributors, almost all of whom will
be familiar to readers of poetry. A
few names, however may seem a lit-
tle startling. Ring Lardner is repre-
sented, for instance, and so is Rollin
Kirby. The others are well-known.
Franklin P. Adams (who incidentaly
pens The Conning Tower), Conrad
Aiken, Joseph Auslander, Stephen
Vincent Benet, Robert Tristram Cof-
fin, Phlyyis McGinley, Christopher
AT or t'"rrrl r - 1 - %- -+1 " -1.
holy communion; 9:30 a.m., Church
School; 11:00 a.m., kindergarten, 11
a.m., Morning prayer and sermon by
The Reverend Henry Lewis.
Congregational Church, Sunday:
10:30 a.m., service of worship and
religious education. Guest speaker,
Dr. Thomas E. Jones, president of
Fisk University. Subject, "Toward
Racial Understanding." Prof. Preston
Slosson will speak on "Wilson, Peace
6 p.m., Student Fellowship. Fol-
lowing the supper, Dr. Jones of Fisk
University will speak. The Fisk Ju-
bilee Singers will be guests, and lead
the group in the singing of Negro
First Presbyterian Church, Sunday:
Meeting in the Masonic Temple, 327
South Fourth. Ministers, William P.
Lemon and Norman W. Kunkel.
9:45 a.m., Westminster Forum for
Youth. The leader for this Sunday
will be Prof. Howard McClusky.
10:45 a.m., morning worship with
sermon by Norman W. Kunkel. Sub-
ject: "Youth Raises Its Voice."
6:00 p.m., Supper meeting of the
Westminster Guild. The subject for
discussion at the meeting is to be
"Tomorrow's World-What Shall We
Make of It?" led by Rose Perrin. The
high points of the Parley will be con-
St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Sun-
Carl A. Brauer, Pastor.
9:30 a.m., Church School.
9:30 a.m., divine service in German.
10:45 a.m., morning worship. Ser-
mon subject: "The Good Shepherd."
The Student Walther League will
attend the Zone Rally at Trinity
Church, Wyandotte in the afternoon
and evening. Cars will leave the
church at 1:30 p.m.
Trinity Lutheran Church, Sunday:
Henry 0. Yoder, pastor.
Church worship service at 10:30.
Sermon will be delivered on the theme
"A Question and a Commission" by
the pastor of the church. Anthem
will be "Thou art the Son of God"
The Lutheran Student Club will
meet at 5:30 p.m. for fellowship and
supper hour. Mr. Walter Beitila, one
of the Lutheran students, who was a
member of the American Olympic
skiing team will speak on his trip to
Germany and Norway at 6:45 in
Zion Lutheran Parish Hall, 309 E.
Church of Christ (Disciples), Sun-
10:45 a.m., Church worship service.
Rev. Fred Cowin, minister. 12 noon:
Students' Bible Class. Leader, H. L.
Pickerill, campus minister. The
study of Immortality will be con-
5:30 p.m., Social hour. 15 cent
supper will be served.
6:30 p.m., Discussion hour. The
topic will be "The Parley-What did
we get from it?" Members who have
been assigned to visit various sections
will present reports.
Lutheran Student Club: Walter
Bietila, University of Michigan mem-
ber of the Olympic Skiing team, will
speak to the Lutheran Student club
of which he is a member, Sunday
evening in the parish hall on Wash-
ington Street. He will tell of his
experiences with the Olympic team
in Germany this winter.
All Lutheran students are invited.
The talk will follow supper at 6 p.m.
Uritarian Church, Sunday:
11 a.m., Morning service, "Altru-
ism" (based partly on recent bio-
graphy of Theodore Parker.) 8:00
Liberal Students Union will meet fol-
lowing Annual Church supper.
hillel Foundation Sunday evening
Forum: James Ellmann, president of
the Zionist organization of Detroit,
will speak on "What Zionism Means
to Me," at 8 p.m.
Ann Arbor Friends (Quakers)-
Michigan League, 5:00 p.m. Meet-
ing for worship. Discussion: "Mysti-
cism," Prof. Bennett Weaver. Those
who wish may stay for cafeteria sup-
per at the League.
Ann Arbor Friends and others in-
terested are especially invited to the
"May Breakfast" of the Detroit In-
dependent Friends' meeting, Sunday,
May 3, at 9:00 a.m., Y.W.C.A., Mont-
calm and Witheral Sts., Detroit. Ad-
dress, "Quaker Frontiers." Meeting
for worship. If you are interested in
securing or furnishing transporta-
tion, communicate with Arthur Dun-
ham, 1217 W. Huron St., Ann Arbor
First Baptist Church, Sunday:
10:45 a.m., Mr. Sayles will speak
on "Reverence for Life. Sunday
School at 9:30 a.m. Dr. Waterman's
class at Guild House at 9:45.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin Is constructive notice to all menmbers of the
*alverslty. Copy received at the ottice of the Assistant to the President
mat 3w ;11 :00 a.m. on Saturday.
Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors are asked
to be brief, the editors reserving the right to condense
all letters of over 300 words and to accept or reject
letters upon the criteria of general editorial Inortance
and interest to the campus.
Relief In New Jersey
To the Editor:'
I have just heard the March of Time, and the
most discouraging event which I have ever en-
countered, has been dramatized. The State of
New Jersey has, temporarily at least, withdrawn
relief from its indigent families, and in one area,
the only solution which the "town fathers" could,
decide upon, was to give the poor permits to beg
from their fellow townsmen!
I am an American, even a Southerner, and I have
all the respect in the world for our institutions
and ideals, but when I hear of such an event
taking place, I am filled with apprehension. When
the government begins to use an "I don't care"
policy in respect to these matters, we are headed'
for destruction in one way or another. Discontent,
which such a plan must inevitably breed, will have
a result which we should all fear and therefore
fight against with all the resources at our com-
We have all seen in the past few years what
has taken place in Europe through the machina-
tions of dictators and would-be dictators. Every
one of these men, and their followers, have played
on the dissatisfaction of the people with the exist-
ing form of government and general state of af-
fairs in their country. Yet we are encouraging
this very same thing in our country, and not only
that, but are doing nothing to curtail it.
Potential dictators seize on opportunties such
as these to boost themselves to power, and believe
me there are nlenty of notentin idictators in this