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April 09, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-04-09

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The Weather
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Editorials
A o lA t ' i r i, .(I
('oufdeiwY

VOL. XLVI No. 137 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 9, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

'Hands Off'
Is Demand
Of France
'Hitler Must Give Word Of
Peaceful Intentions As
Preface To Pact
Britain Asks Early
Peace In Ethiopia
'Annihilation' Of African
Troops Asked ByI Duce
In Rome Speech
PARIS, April 8. -(3) - France
demanded that Germany pledge to
keep "hands off" the rest of Europe
today as the price for France's signa-
ture of new peace accords.
A memorandum in answer to Adolf
Hitler's peace plan cited the danger
of Germany following up her occupa-
tion of the Rhinel and with action
against Austria, Danzig and Memel
and claims for colonies.
Renunciation of designs on those
places must be given, the memoran-
dumsaid,before "any plan for peace
can be constructed." The proposal
was sent to Great Britain, to whom
Hitler submitted his counter peace
proposals.
France submitted her own peace
plan in rebuttal to the Reichsfueh-
rer's, basing it on "collective secur-
ity" with regional mutual assistance
pacts backed up by an international
army under the League of Nations.
Hitler's disarmament plan is "de-
ceiving," the French note said, be-
cause there is no plan for effective
control."
(Hitler proposed a series of bi-
lateral peace pacts and also a dis-
armament conference to limit arma-
ments.)
As for Hitler's ideas for "human-
iing' war, the note said: "It is more'
important to make it impossible."
EDE PJRiTESTS
GENEVA, April 8. - (/P) - Great
Britain pressed for immediate cessa-
tion of Italo-Ethiopian hostilities to-
day after the League of Nations
formed a sub-committee to investi-
gate charges Italy was using poison
gas in contravention of international
rules of warfare.
Britain's getion was taken inside
a meeting of the League's Committee
of 13 which resumed its efforts to-
day to open the pathway to peace.
A forenoon meeting of the Com-
mittee of 13 had hardly begun be-
fore Anthony Eden, foreign secretary
of Great Britain, raised the question
of charges Italy is using poison gas,
and in the afternoon session he sub-
mitted a list of specific occasions on
which Premier Mussolini's troops were
alleged to have employed it with dev-
astating effects against Ethiopian
men, women and children.
1,632 ITALIANS DEAD
ROME, April 8.--(P) - Premier
Mussolini declared today that only
"total annihilation" of Ethiopian
forces would satisfy Fascist colonial
security as Italy counted her war
dead from the African campaign.
Italian newspapers published what
were termed complete lists of East
African fatalities, naming 1,632 Ital-
ian soldiers killed, fatally wounded
or disappeared since the Ethiopian
invasion began.
Hamtramck Mayor

FacesAngry Mobr
DETROIT, April 8. - (i) -Tear-
ing dawn a frontiporch storm door,
leaders of 300 men caused a near-riot
today at the home of Mayor Joseph
A. Lewandowski of suburban Ham-
tramck, asserting they had been
tricked by pre-election promises of
jobs.
The crowd previously had visited
the headquarters of Fred Pabst, public
works superintendent, whose office
doorkwas kickedin. Pabst said the
cards were passed out a week ago
on the regular hiring day to men
not given work then, and he expected
to give some jobs today, but couldn't
handle all of them.
Lewandowski was defeated for re-
election by former Mayor Rudolph
G. Tenerowicz.
Detroit Pucksters
Beat Windsor, 8-1

When Is River Mouth? Answer
May Decide Boundary Dispute

That Is Question In Stats
Contest With Minnesota,
VanderVeldeExplains
By FRED WARNER NEAL
When is the mouth of a river?
The answer to that question may
determine the outcome of Michi-
gan's fourth and latest boundary dis-
pute, this time with Minnesota, ac-
cording to Prof. Lewis G. Vander-
Velde of the history department.
For Michigan, the map division of
the library of Congress has found,
may justly claim four miles of Pi-
geon Point on the Minnesota main-
land, jutting into Lake Superior, and
five small islands. The tiny parcels
of land are 25 miles due west of Isle
Royal and across Lake Superior from
the Michigan mainland.
Nearly 100 years ago, Professor
VanderVelde, head of the Michigan
history commission, explained, Con-
gress decreed that Michigan's north-
ern boundary should follow the line
between the United States and Can-
ada to the point where it last touched
Lake Superior. The International
Boundry Commission has ruled that
that "last point" is the mouth of
the Pigeon River. From that point,
according to the old Congressional
order, Michigan's boundary line runs
southwesterly across Lake Superior
to the mouth of the Montreal River,
which is the Wisconsin-Michigan
boundary.
But, according to Lawrence Mar-
tin, chief of the Library of Congress
map division, the Southwestern line,
drawn as it is, cuts off four miles of
Pigeon Point as well as the Susie,
Brick, Belle Rose and Lucille Islands,
which have heretofore been con-
sidered Minnesota possessions.
The main issue, Professor Vander-
Velde pointed out, is just where the
mouth of the Pigeon River, which
borders Pigeon Point, starts. If the
boundary line, i.e. the mouth of the
Pigeon River, should be farther south
than it is, then Michigan has been
gyped these 150 years since the
Treaty of 1783. If not, then Martin
is wrong, and everybody is contented.
The question remains, then, how
do you determine the mouth of a
river? There is no scientific way,
according to Prof. K. C. McMurray,
Allen To Attend
Budapest Parley
Next September
Prof. Shirley W. Allen of the School
of Forestry and Conservation yes-
terday received designation papers
from President Aexander G. Ruth-
yen making him the official delegate
from the University to the Second In-
ternational Forestry Congress in Sep-
tember at Budapest.
Professor Allen will leave the cam-
pus tomorrow on sabbatical leave un-
til November. He will make a study
of the training of forest employes of
eastern National Park Services until
the middle of June, at which time he
and his family will go on a European'
travel tour. He intends to attend the
ninth meeting of the International
Union of Forest Research Organiza-
tions at Soprone, Hungary Aug. 25 to
Sept. 8, a tour of ten districts of
Hungary, with lecture sessions in
each.
Leaving the forestry tour on Sept.
8, Professor Allen will proceed to
Budapest for the forestry congress.
The First International Forestry
Congress was convened in Rome in
1926, at which time Dean Samuel T.
I Dana and Prof. Robert Craig, Jr., of
the forestry school, represented the
University.
Only six forestry schools in the
United States are members of the in-
ternational association, they being
Yale, Harvard, Michigan, Duke, Syra-
cuse and Idaho universities.

$175,000 Fire Hits
Kalanazoo Garage
KALAMAZOO, April 8.--(/P)-Fire
destroyed the Brophy Chevrolet Ga-
rage tonight and the loss, including
29 new automobiles, was estimated
by firemen at $175,000
The interior of the building was
ruined by the flames, which started
in the workshop, apparently from an
explosion. Several used automobiles
and a few motorcars left. by patrons
for repairs burned.
All fire apparatus in the city re-
sponded to a general alarm, and pre-
vented the spread of the flames to
nearby buildings.

chairman of the geography depart-
ment. "It is sort of a haphazard
system," Professor McMurray ex-
plained. "Frequently the deepest
channel is selected, but there is no
set formula that will allow you to say
any particular point is the mouth."
Rivers at best are poor boundaries,
in the opinion of Professor McMur-
ray, and river mouths are even poor-
er.
Michigan is going into the fight, if
there will be one, in a good mood, be-
cause she has just won a boundary
dispute from Wisconsin, Professor
VanderVelde pointed out. The Mich-
igan-Wisconsin dispute really dates
from 1845, it was explained, although
no action was taken until 1885. Only
within the past 30 days did the Su-
preme Court render a decision fa-
vorable to this State.
The difficulty with Wisconsin, Pro-
fessor VanderVelde said, also con-
(Continued on Page 2)
Grant Charter
To Future War
Veterans Here
Paul Brunt Will Command
Local Post; Work Begins
After Spring Vacation
The Michigan Post of the Veterans
of Future Wars was organized here
yesterday, and officially recognized by
the headquarters of the organization
at Princeton...'
Paul R. Brunt, '38, has been ap-
pointed Commander of the Post by
Lewis J. Gorin, Jr., national com-
mander. Brunt has announced that
the work of completing the organiza-
tion of the Post will be begun shortly
after Spring Vacation, at which time
the drive for membership will begin.
A letter received yesterday from
John Paul Jones, Regional Comman-
der for the Great Lakes, made official
the organization of the Post here,
and acknowledged Brunt's appoint-
ment. Regarding membership, Jones
announced that the registration fee is
25 cents. Of this amount, he ex-
plained, one half is sent to the Na-
tional Council at Princeton to cover
the expense of cards, buttons and
informative material. The other half
is retained by the local post to cover
expenses.
Bulletins received from the Na-
tional Council explain the organiza-
tion of the Veterans of Future Wars.
According to the bulletins, "the Na-
tional Council is supreme." It is com-
posed of the national commander, the
secretary, the treasurer, the adjutant-
general in charge of the Home Fire
(Women's) Division, and the nine re-
gional commanders. Directly under
the regional commanders are the post
commanders, whose work is coordi-
nated within the state by state com-
manders.
Each post commander is considered
directly responsible to his regional
commander at headquarters, and
through him to the National Council.
The Home Fire Division of the Vet-
erans of Future Wars, the bulletin
states, is a completely subsidiary or-
ganization, and the post commander
and adjutant-general have complete
charge of this organization.
The activities of the organization
are based on a manifesto drawn up
by the National Council, and Brunt
has announced that copies of this
Manifesto will be available to Mich-
(Continued on Page 2)
Brother Of Student
Hurt In Plane Crash
NEW YORK, April 8-(P )-A 22-
year-old student pilot was killed and
two others were injured, one critical-
ly, when two biplanes crashed as they

banked for a landing at Roosevelt
Field, near Mineola, N. Y., late today.
Douglas Turnbull suffered a brok-
en leg, severe shock and cuts and
bruises, according to his brother, Al-
lan Turnbull, '36Ed.. who called his
home in Garden City, N. Y., last night
when informed of the Roosevelt Field
crash. The University student said
he was told his brother, an instructor
at Roosevelt Field, would recover.
Dean Dana Speaks
SOn Forestry Today
Dean S. T. Dana of the forestry
school will speak at 4:15 p.m. today in
Room 1025 Angell Hall in the voca-
tional lecture series being sponsorec

H earst's Plea Is
Turned Down
SHigh Court
Lobby Committee Beyond
Jurisdiction Of Court;
J stice W'heat Rules
Big Anti-New Deal
War Chest Bared
Head Of Crusaders Tells
Of Large Contributions
By Industrialists
WASHINGTON, April 8. - (RP)-
The Senate Lobby Committee scored
a direct court victory over William
Randolph Hearst today, and in simul-
taneous hearings disclosed a select
group of wealthy industrialists con-
tributing heavily to anti-New Deal
organizations.
Hardly waiting to hear the argu-
ment of the lobby committee's coun-
sel, Chief Justice Wheat of the Su-
preme Court of the District of Co-
lumbia refused the publisher's plea
for an injunction restraining the
committee from examining telegrams
passing between himself and his em-
ployes.
Beyond Jurisdiction
He upheld the committee's conten-
tion that, as a branch of the Senate,
it was beyond the jurisdiction of the
courts. Flatly he denied Hearst's
allegation that an abridgement of
the constitutional right of freedom
of the press was involved. Elisha
Hanson, Hearst's counsel, announced
he would appeal.
At today's hearing the committee
examined Fred G. Clark, national
commander of the Crusaders, and
other officers of that organization,
revealing that 39 individuals had con-
tributed $62,687 to the Crusaders and
$183,205 to other organizations, prin-
cipally the Liberty League. Thirty
of the 39 gave but small sums, with
the major portion of the totals con-
fined to nine donors.
Gave Large Sums
Irenee DuPont gave the Crusaders
$10,000, the Liberty League $86,000
and other organizations $1,550; Lam-
mot DuPont, the Crusaders $1,000,
the Liberty League $10,000, and oth-
ers $15,750; E. F. Hutton, New York
broker, the Crusaders $5,000, the Lib-
erty League $10,000; George M. Hof-
fett, president of Corn Products Re-
fining Co., $5,000 to each; J. Howard
Pew, president of the Sun Oil Com-
pany, $54,600 to the Crusaders, $10,-
000 to the Liberty League, $5,000 to
the Sentinels of the Republic, $5,000
to the National Economy League and
$10 to the. American Taxpayers
League; John M. Schiff of Kuhn
Loeb and Co, $1,750 to the Crusaders,
$1,000 to the National Economy
League and $8,000 to others; Alfred
P. Sloan, president of General Mo-
tors, $10,000 to the Crusaders.
2 Houses Protest
Hell Week Rulings
Two fraternities have petitioned
the Executive Committee for recon-

Spring Parley Do 'Round
Panel, Topics Came Out Where?

Are Approved
'Tomorrow - What Shall
We Make It?' Is Chosen;E
Ask Students To Attend
President Ruthven
Expected To Concurj
Dean Lloyd, Dean Bursley
Praise Selection; Time
Is April 24, 25, 26
The University administration lent
its support to the 1936 Spring Parley
yesterday as the campus organization
heads, meeting last night in the
League, gave final approval to the
topics, faculty panel and student
chairmen.
President Ruthven is expected to
put his formal approval on the Par-
ley, which is to be held April 24, 25,
26 in the Union, Cday when such ac-
tion is recommended to him by Prof.
Henry C. Anderson of the engineering
college, spokesman for the adminis-
tration during the President's illness.
Professor Anderson united with Dean
of Students Joseph A. Bursley and
Dean of Women Alice C. Lloyd to
praise the Parley and its choice of
topics and faculty members.
Sub-Topies Announced
The main topic for the Parley1
suggested by the executive com-
mittee to the campus leaders com-
posing the expanded continuations
committee, is "Our Tomorrow-What
Shall We Make It?" Under that, will
be discussed these sub-topics:
1. Our University - Are We Sat-
isfied?
2. Our State and Its Economic
System - How to Better Them.
3. The Arts - How to Use Them.
4. Our International Relations -
How to Improve Them.
5. Our Religion - Its Relation to
Personal Adjustment.
6. The Family - Its Place in So-
ciety.
The Parley will meet in general
session Friday afternoon and night
in the Union Ballroom with G. Men-
nen Williams, '36L, as general chair-
man. At this with the entire faculty
panel of 17 members will be present,
and questioners from the floor, with
any remarks bearing on the topic, will
be recognized. Saturday afternoon
and night the six sub-topics will be
discussed separately and at the same
time, with various faculty men as-
signed to each section and with stu-
dent chairmen presiding. Sunday
morning, the entire Parley will recon-
vene in the Ballroom to correlate
and bring together the information
and discussion that has taken place.
Chairman Named
For the sub-topic sections, the stu-
det harmn il b: urunve-

DETROIT, April 8. -(A") --Charles
Koebka, 68, was robbed today-in a
revolving door-of $1,086, his life
savings.
Trapped by two men as he was
entering the National Bank of De-
troit, Koebka's pockets were rifled as
he stood with one outdoor-burglar
who had crowded into a revolving
door compartment with him. The
other man, pretending to be looking
for his glasses, held the door.
Koebka had drawn the money out
of the Detroit Savings Bank intend-
ing to put it in a deposit box in the
National Bank.
"Father has been worrying about
his money," a daughter said. "H
transfered it from the bank to his
safety deposit box several times."
Increased Sales
Tax Suatested
y State Board
Proposed To Fill Gaps
Following Homestead
Tax Abandonment
LANSING, April 8.- (AP) -The Leg-
islative Council placed its impressive
endorsement today behind a proposal
to exempt homesteads from taxation,
and to make the state sales tax or a
new tax offset the resultant drop in
local revenues.
A taxation sub-committtee sub-
mitted a comprehensive report, which
was accepted by the Council. On
only one major point was there a
conflict. The members of the sub-
committee divided on strictly party
lines as to the need for an immediate
special session of the Legislature to
halt or amend the May tax sale.
Five Republicans, in the- majority
report, recommended that the sale
be held "because it offers the only
feasible opportunity to sift the chaff
from the grain in the matter of own-
ership of real property." A Demo-
cratic minority led by Rep. Casper J.
Lingeman, Grosse Pointe Shores, in-
sisted an extra session should be or-
dered at once. Lingeman contended
$72,000,000 of Detroit city taxes which
are delinquent will be jeopardized
if the sale is not stopped. He pro-
posed that the legislature authorize
the state to buy all tax titles and hold
them for possible redemption, or
lower penalties so title buyers would-f
not be attracted.
The Council took no action on the
special session demand. Speaker
George A. Schroeder, of the House,
said he favors an extra session.
House Drafts
tax Measures

Slosson Is
famed For
PeaceeTalk
listory Professor Chosen
Main Speaker At Rally
Day After Vacation
University Behind
Peace Movement
Phree Students Will Talk;
Demonstration Is Set For
Library Steps
Prof. Preston W. Slosson, of the
istory department, was selected last
ight as faculty speaker for the
eace Council's demonstration April
1 in front of the Library.
The demonstration will be held
,pril 21, the first Tuesday after the
pring vacation, according to G.
/ennen Williams, '36L, chairman of
he council, rather than April 22 as
>reviously announced.
The demonstration, which will also
eature three student speakers and
nand music, will be held at 11 a.m.,
1 o'clock classes being called off that
lay. The demonstration has the
>acking of the University Adminis-
ration and President Ruthven will
>reside if his broken leg is sufficient-
y knit by that time.
Union, League Back Rally
The League, Union, Interfraternity
ouncil, Panhellenic Association, The
aily and a number of similar cam-
'us organizations are backing the
'eace demonstration, which will be
eld in conjunction with National
eace Day on April 22, and the heads
>f these organizations-Charlotte
lueger, '37; Wencel Neuman, '36;
3eorge Williams, '36; and Betty Ann
3eebe, '37--are members of the Peace
:ouncil's executive committee.
Professor Slosson, leading campus
dvocate of United States member-
;hip in the League of Nations, highly
ralsed the idea of a peace demon-
stration in accepting the council's
nvitation to speak.
"The Princeton students, as every-
>ne knows," he said, "have started
in organization of Veterans of Fu-
ure Wars: The joke is an excellent
>ne, but it has. its serious side of it-
Chat unless war is very speedily re-
trained, they probably will actually
e veterans of future wars. In other
words," he continued, "the Ameri-
an student has a personal as well
s an altruistic purpose in the pre-
vention of war.
Group Is Powerful
"Unfortunately there is little an
individual at the head of a govern-
ient can do to prevent war," Profes-
sor Slosson declared, "but, while a
nowflake cannot stop a railroad
train, a group of them can. A single
individual cannot stop war, but hun-
dreds of thousands of citizens in
colleges, each a leading citizen in his
community, can. The idea of these
peace committees and other peace
movements is, I take it, an attempt
to get those snowflakes together."
Members of the faculty and presi-
dents of fraternities and sororities
are being contacted by the council'
publicity chairman, Marshall D.
Shulman, '37, said, and will be asked
to send expressions of their support
to The Daily and to dissemenate in-
formation regarding the peace move-
ment among their groups of students.
illialm Centner

Wins University
SpeechContest
William A. Centner, '38, of Battle
Creek, won the finals of the Univer-
sity of Michigan Oratorical Contest,
yesterday afternoon in Room 4203
Angell Hall.
He will be awarded the Chicago
Alumni Medal, .and will go to North-
western University May 1 to compete
for a prize given by Frank O. Lowden.
First and second prizes are $100 and
$50. Other speakers from North-
western, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa,
and Western Reserve, will be compet-
ing at that time.
The subject of Centner's talk was,
"The Challenge to Liberty." He de-
nounced the present economic "slav-
ery" of the American people, and
declared it worse than their political
subjugation before the Revolution.
He was chosen from a field of four
finalists. The other speakers were

dent chairmen will be : Our Univer -
sity, Norman L. Sharfman, '37; Our To P y Bo u
State and Its Economic System, Cyril PaHk 6 r n a
Hetsko, '36L; Our International Re- -___
lations, Abe Zwerdling, Grad.; Our WASHINGTON, April 8.-(l -
Religion, Irving Levitt, '36; the Fam- W
ily, Winifred Bell, '36. Capitol hill committees today con-
Both Dean Bursiey and Dean Lloyd,I centrated upon problems of income
in "fully approving" the 1936 Parley, and expenditure.
urged students to attend. "It is a While the House Ways and Means
very interesting choice of topics and Subcommittee set about the drafting

l

;i
,

sideration of its recent action in faculty," Miss Lloyd said. And Deanirev-
abolishing Hell Week in Interfra- j Bursley declared he thought a"every enue program for partly funding
ternity Council meeting, it was student will benefit by attending and bonus payment and the new farm
learned last night. openly discussing these topics." program, the appropriations commit-
The deadline for submitting peti- ___________ tee heard WPA administrator Harry
tions was 7 a.m. today. Five petitions L. Hopkins explain why he needed
will be necessary to force reconsid- BULLETIN $1,500,000,000 to carry on with gov-
eration of the ruling, ernment relief efforts.
Neither George R. Williams, '36, The Ways and Means Committee,
or Paul W. Philips, '36, president and K. C. Tappe, 611 Sunset Drive, done with hearings at which seg-
secretary of the council, respectively, was seriously hurt in an automo- ments of organized business con-
would comment as to the possibility bile accident at the corner of demned features of the proposed tax
of the council overriding the action of Jefferson and Division Streets at bill, gave indication that corporations
the Executive Committee. 1:45 a.m. today. saddled with debt might be accorded
-- -; special treatment.
Hopkins' appearance before the ex-
o r xte sive 1. ciliiesecutive session of the House Appro-
Modern, Extensive Facilities hpr
priations Committee was followed by
rGraduatenew Democratic objections against
Pla 1 nned For raSathe ool any separate Congressional inquiry
into the operations of the WPA.
Chairman Buchanan (Dem., Tex.),
This i the fourth of a series of ar- University." According to Dean Yoa- said that Hopkins' testimony in con-
tides on the construction and plans jkum and the donors of the Trust t th th t
of the Horace H. Rackham Graduate ku an th doosothTrs eir ihteaporainr-
school and the Burton memorialduTower. Fund, the Rackham building will con- quest would satisfy "all legitimate
Although the plans for the Grad- tain everything ,to further this aim. demands" for an investigation.
ASpecial meeting places for the 30
uate School have not yet been com- or more research organizations on!
pletely drawn up, Dean Clarence S. the campus will be included in the Harold t1hHeads
Yoakum recently outlined briefly school, and the facilities will also be
what they would include and made available for special academic so-" State Welfare Study
cieties, both state and national. _____
the significant statement that the "To be a real memorial to Mr.
building would provide a center and Rackham," Dean Yoakum said, "the LANSING, April 8.--IP)-Governor
"home" for all graduate students, !building had to be constructed so Fitzgerald appointed Harold D.
linking up memories now resulting as to suggest and utilize those activ- Smith, of Ann Arbor, secretary of
from experiences in the class room, ities and forces which increase the the Michigan Municipal League, to-
dormitory and seminar. well-being and happiness of man- day as chairman of a commission to
The building, as planned tenta- kind." plan the integration of State relief

.

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