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April 01, 1936 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1936-04-01

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The Weather
Lower Michigan: cloudy, fol-
lowed by snow in West and
south today; tomorrow snow.

Iii, r

SirP

Iatl~j

Editorials
Swimming For Women .3.
Germany's New Moses ...

VOL. XLVI No. 130

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

.. . .

Russo-Jap
Relations
Near Crisis
Japan's Invasion Of Outer
Mongolia Brings About
Heavy Fighting
Invaders Advance
With Armed Tanks
Protest Issued By Soviet
Foreign Office; Demand
'Energetic Measures
(Copyright, 1936, by the Associated Press)
MOSCOW, April 1.-(Wednesday)
- Reports from Ulan Bator. Capital
of outer Mongolia, said early today
that heavy fighting between Mon-
golian defenders and Japanese-Man-
choukuoan invaders was continuing.
The invading troops, whose actions
caused a sharp protest to be delivered
to the Japanese Ambassador at Mos-
cow, have not yet been forced out of
Mongolian territory, the reports de-
clared.
The Russian foreign office protest,
made by B. S. Stomaniakoff, vice-
commissar for foreign affairs, in-
formed the Japanese flatly the sit-
uation "Does not permit pacificaly
waiting for developments of events."
Stomaniakoff's declaration, made
to Japanese Ambassador Tamekichi
Ota, followed first reports of the in-
vasion which began yesterday when
a force of Japanese-Manchoukuoan
troops pushed into Mongolia after
capturing the border post of Adyk-
dolon.
Stomaniakoff declared it was nec-
essary to take "energetic measures"
to put an immediate end to the at-
tacks by Japanese troops against
Mongolia. He said "serious respon-
sibility" would fall on the Japanese
government in case the actions of its
"dependent organization" might lead'
to the extension of conflicts in Mon-
goian. territory.
T h e Japanese - Manchoukuoan
forces are supported by an artillery'
battery, tanks, armored cars and air-
planes, the dispatches asserted.
The first attack was said to have
been launched against the border
post of Adykodolon. It was occupied
and the invaders proceeded on
against Tamsyk-Bulak, which is
about 30 miles inside Mongolian ter-
ritory, the Soviet accounts continued.
The attackers were said to have
met strong resistance at Tamsyk-Bu-
lak and to have been pushed back be-
yond Adykdolon. There they received
reinforcements and resumed the of-
fensive.
Late tonight it was said fighting is
still going on.
TOKYO, April 1.-(Wednesday)--
(A-The Japanese foreign office
said today it lacked information on
reports of fighting yesterday on the
Manchoukuoan-Mongolian border.
An authoritative source close to the
army pointed out that a press ban
prohibits publication of details of the
border situation except official Jap-
anese-Manchoukuoan communiques.
Recent indications, however, were
that Japanese forces in Northwest
Manchoukuo have been preparing for
action of some kind.
(Copyright, 1936, by the Associated Press)
TOKYO, April 1-(Wednesday)-
Eiji Amau, spokesman for the Jap-
anese foreign office, said today the

reported invasion of Outer Mongolia
by Japanese-Manchoukuoan troops
was impossible without orders from
the highest quarters in Tokyo except
for ''special reasons."
C arnapLecture
On Philosophy
To BeApril 2
Dr. Rudolf Carnap, professor of
philosophy at the University of
Prague, will speak on "Philosophy
and Logical Analysis" at 4:15 p.m.
tomorrow in the Natural Science Au-
ditorium. The talk is one in the
University lecture series.
Professor Carnap, who is a visiting
lecturer at the University of Chicago
this year, is a leading member of the
movement known as the Vienna
Circle. This movement represents
an attempt to apply the method and

IN MEMORIAM
On April 1, 1916 - 20 years ago
today - James Burrill Angell, a
former Michigan President, and
one of the outstanding educators
cf the past century, passed away.
With his death came the conclu-
sion of a career almost without
parallel from the standpoint of
lngevity and of diversified service
to mankind.
He was inaugurated as Presi-
dent of the University June 28,
1871. From that time until his re-
tirement 38 years later, he devoted
the major part of his activities to
furthering the interests of Mich-
igan.. During this period - the
most crucial in the growth of the
iriititutcn --the University d-
veloped from a state of compara-
tive obscurity into the position
which it holds today as one of the
nation's major institutions of
learning. This progress was large-
ly due to the inspired leadership
of President Angell.
On this anniversary of his death,
Michigan honors the man whose
career forms such an integral part
of her history. There can Le no
other feeling than one of rever-
ence in contemplating a life thus
spent in promoting the highest
aims and ideals of our civilization.
Spring Parley
To Get Campus
Opinion Today
General Topic For Parley
Will Be Determined By
Committee At League E
Students from all organizations on
the campus will meet at 7:30 p.m.
today in the Grand Rapids Room of
the League to work out plans for the
1936 Spring Parley.
The group, the General Committee
of the Parley, will have as the basis
for its actions work completed by the
expanded continuations committee,
Irving Levitt, '36, executive chair-
man, said. Acting on the smaller
committee's recommendations, the
General Committee will decide on a
general topic for the Parley, draw
up sub-topics and name a general
Parley chairman, Levitt said.
Tentatively, he explained, the ex-
panded continuations committee has
agreed that the topic shall be "Our
Tomoriow-What Shall We Make of
It?" Under this genieral heading,
he said, the smaller committee has
outlined, not in the exact wording,
these sub-topics: government and ec-
onomic system, family and sex, peace,
education and religion.
The General Committee tonight
will decide upon actual titles, work
out an agenda for the Parley and
probably vote to back the expanded
continuations committee in the date
it has tentatively set for the Par-
ley-the week-end of April 25-ac-
cording to Levitt.
700 Onlookers
Throng Union
At Open House
Bowling, Billiard Matches,
Carillon Model, Dancing
Entertain Visitors
More than 700 students, alumni and
faculty thronged the Union last night
to celebrate "University Night," the

annual spring open house, which fea-
tured many exhibits, demonstrations
and certain other special attractions.
Four students from the department
of physical education opened the pro-
gram with a tumbling exhibition. A
faculty-Union team bowling contest
and billiard matches closely followed
the women's swimming and diving in
the pool.
Several displays were featured in
the North Lounge. The State High-
way department sponsored one exhibit
on highway construction and main-
tenance, and one of the bill boards
displayed the ballots collected by
Prof. James K. Pollock of the polit-
ical science department. The collec-
tion included ballots from many parts
of the world, and some from Ger-
many, used during the Hitler elections
and plebiscites.
Bob Steinle and his regular Union
band played before a huge crowd
which jammed the ballroom and at 9
p.m. a floor show was sponsored.
Certain other exhibits by the R.O.-

Program For
May Festival
Is Announced

C. A. Sink, Music
President, Tells
Of Six Concerts

School
Details

Noted Artists Will
Appear On Program
Philadelphia Symphony Is
I Led By Stokowski; To
Open Festival May 13
Programs for the six concerts of
the May Festival, to be given May 13,
14, 15 and 16 in Hill Auditorium,
which will feature a famous group
of operatic and concert soloists, in
addition to the Philadelphia Sym-
phony orchestra, under the direction
of Leopold Stokowski, were an-
nounced yesterday by President
Charles A. Sink of the School of
Music.
The opening concert which will be
given by the Philadelphia orches-
tra, will include works by the great
German composers, Bach and Wag-
ner. The Bach works which will be
played are "Toccata and Fugue in D
Minor," "Aria," "Fugue in G Minor,"
"Come Sweet Death," "Passacaglia."
Three selections from the operas of
Wagner, including "Prelude to 'Die
Meistersingers'," "Prelude to 'Lohen-
grin'," and "Love Music from 'Tri-
stan and Isolde'."
'Caractacus' To Be Given
Elgar's "Caractacus" has been
planned for the second concert, to
be given Thursday evening. The
Philadelphia orchestra, with Mr..
Stokowski conducting, and the Uni-
iversity Choral Union, under the
direction of Prof. Earl V. Moore of
I the School of Music, will accompany
the soloists of the evening. The solo
roles will be sung by Jeanette Vree-
land, soprano; Paul Althouse, tenor;
Keith Faulkner, baritone; and Julius
Huehn, baritone.
The traditional children's concert
will be given as usual on Friday af-
ternoon. The Young People's Fes-
tival Chorus, made up of Ann Arbor
school children, and directed by
Juva Higbee, Professor Moore and
Charles O'Connell, wll sing a group
of Christmas carols, "O Little Town
of Bethlehem," "Away in a Manger,"
and "Silent Night," and "The Chil-
dren at Bethlehem," by Pierne, a
mystery in two parts. They will be
accompanied by the Philadelphia or-
chestra.
Bauer On Program
Harold Bauer, pianist, will also be
featured in this concert. He will play
Beethoven's "Concerto No. 5 in E flat
for Piano and Orchestra."
Lily Pons, famous French operatic
star, will be heard in thefourth con-
cert Friday night. The program will
be opened by the orchestra with
"Symphony No. 1 in C Minor" by
Brahms, including the movements,
"Un poco sostenuto-allegro," "An-
dante sostenuto, "Un poco allegretto
e grazioso," and "adagio, piu andante
-Allegro non troppo, ma con brio."
Her second number will be two
arias by Mozart, including "The Ma-
gic Flute" and "Queen of the Night,"
from "Pamina's Air." This will be
followed by "A Cathedrale En-
gloutie," by Debussy, and the "Bell
Song" aria from "Lakme" by Delibes.
She will close with "Fete dieu a Se-
ville," by Albeniz.
The fifth concert, to be given Sat-
(Innr iniiad nn Pa.ZP2

Wily Westerners
Prove Too Cagey
For 'Coy' Raccoon
Stan See, '37, and Duke Watson,
'37, captured a raccoon for the Uni-
versity yesterday afternoon, but it
took a lot of perseverance to do it.
At about 1:30 p.m. members of the
Sigma Phi fraternity noticed the wee
coy beastie in a tree in front of
the house, and See climbed up to cap-
ture it. Shortly afterwards, the rac-
coon escaped from its well-wishers
and climbed a second tree, this time
wisely picking one that was unclimb-
able.
But not to be outdone, See, who
hails from the wild and wooly West
(Bay City) climbed a nearby tree and
from that after several attempts man-
aged to lasso the racoon. After about
15 minutes of tug-of-war, the fugitive
was torn from his second refuge, and
led around on the improvised leash.
Like a G. A. Henty hero, the animal
somehow shook off the fetters for a
third time, and took shelter in a third
tree. At this point, Watson, a stu-
dent in the School of Forestry and
Conservation, took charge of proceed-
ings, and climbed the raccoon's third
line of defense to prune the branch
on which he was sitting, first making
sure that Watson was between the,
tree and the saw.
The raccoon dropped, not to the
ground but to a lower branch, and
when Watson pruned that one, the
raacoon, deciding he had had enough
for one day, dropped to the ground'
and sprinted through the front door
and into the Sigma Phi house, wheret
he was finally captured for good.
Students Hear
Rodkey Speak
On Vocations1
Preparation In College Fort
Business Is Discussed Inf
Vocational Series
The emphasis placed upon a train-
ing in business administration was
demonstrated today by Prof. R. G.
Rodkey of the School of Business Ad-
ministration by the fact that almost1
every member of the school last year
found more than a half a dozen jobsi
awaiting him after graduation. Prof.
Rodkey spoke in the vocational series
of lectures being sponsored for un-
dergraduate students by the Literary
College.
The great corporations, he said,
send a man to the school every year
in the spring to interview prospective
candidates for positions, and every
member of the senior class is given
an opportunity to find work which
is in harmony with his training.
Prof. Rodkey pointed out that with
the growth of large corporations, the
public welfare is in large part de-
pendent on the manner in which
business enterprise functions, and
consequently, there has been a great
demand for well-trained business ex-
perts. It is this fact, he said, which
has led to the growth of business ad-
ministration schools in large univer-
sities. The first of these schools was
the Wharton School of Finance at
1 the University of Pennsylvania. A
number of other universities folowed
the Wharton method, which consist-
ed of three years of undergraduate
training, and two years in the School
of Finance. However, he said, the
school here follows the principle of
the Tuck School at Dartmouth, which
requires an AB degree for admit-
tance. This system of admission has
also been followed at Harvard and
Stanford.

Delayed

For 48

Jury Scans New

Ang-tles

Hauptman's

Execution

Hours;

Jury Has Longest Session
In Memory Of Attaches
To Mercer Court
Group Ponders 12
Hours On Evidence
Examination Of Wendel's
Repudiated Confession
To Be Resumed
TRENTON, N. J., March 31.-(P)-
The Mercer county grand jury
struggled through the night to solve
a perplexing phase of the Lindbergh
case tonight after probably setting a
precedent in halting the scheduled
execution of Bruno Richard Haupt-
mann.
The grand jury had considered the
case of Paul Wendel, who "confessed"
the Lindbergh kidnaping only to
repudiate the statement, for 12 hours.
Acting on a rarely used preroga-
tive, the jurors asked Prosecutor Er-
win E. Marshall to leave the room
as they sifted through the circum-
stances that led County-Detective
Chief James S. Kirkham to file a
murder charge against Paul H. Wen-
del, former Trenton attorney, in the
Lindbergh Baby Death.
At midnight there was no indica-
tion of what evidence, aside from
Wendel's repudiated "confession," was
before the grand jury. Court attaches
said the jurors already had brokenI
all county records for the duration'
of a single session.
SOUTH AMBOY, N.J., March 31.
-(R)-Two plainclothesmen were as-
signed tonight to guard the home of
Gov. Harold G. Hoffman.
It could not be learned whether
they had been stationed there be-
cause of any threats against the
governor's family or simply as a pre-
cautionary move.
The governor was in Trenton to-
night awaiting developments in the
Bruno Richard Hauptmann case.{
Mrs. Hoffman was at home with

Will Reorganize

r
1
C
t
C
t
Yt.
i

-Associated Press Photo.
DR. F. E. TOWNSEND
Townsend Plan
Tax Hearings
Cause Changes
Startling Disclosures Are
Hinted After Complete
Reorganization
WASHINGTON, March 31.-(P)-
The capital centered its attention to-
day on an uproarious tax hearing and
dissension in the ranks of Townsend-
ites. '
Complete reorganization of the dis-
sension-shaken high command of the
Townsend Old Age Pension organiza-
tion was announced today on the eve
of resumption of a congressional in-
vestigation of it.
Disclosures of a "startling nature"
at tomorrow's hearing were hinted by
committee members after a closed
meeting of ,the House investigating
group. Members indicated they would
go deeply into the circumstances of
the reorganization.
In a statement, Dr. F. E. Townsend,
co-founder, announced appointment
of Gomer Smith, of Oklahoma City,
as vice president of the Old Age Re-
volvihg Pension, Ltd., and Gilmour
Young, of San Francisco, to succeed
Robert E. Clements, who resigned as
national secretary after differences
with the elderly California doctor.
"I am placing the management of
the organization, not in charge of one
man, but in the hands of a board of
several trusted, proven leaders of

Bruno Saved From Chair
As Executioner Waits In
Death Chamber
Jury's Delay Plea
Is Unprecedented
News Of Reprieve Throws
Wife Into Hysterics;
Hauptmann Quiet
TRENTON, N. J., March 31.- (/P)
-Bruno Richard Hauptmann was
saved dramatically from the electric
chair again tonight - at least for 48
hours - even as the executioner wait-
ed for him to enter the death cham-
ber.
The hour of death was at hand.
Hauptmann had written a farewell
letter to Gov. Harold G. Hoffman, pro-
testing anew that he was innocent
of the Lindbergh baby murder.
Then the Mercer County (Tren-
ton) grand jury took the perhaps un-
precedented action of asking that his
life be spared.
Col. Mark O. Kimberling, prison
authority, complied with the request
of delaying the execution for 48 hours.
He could, on his own authority, have
postponed it until Saturday night, but
not beyond that.
The delay was announced by Col.
Kimberling at 8:05 p.m. Hauptmann's
execution had been set for 8 o'clock.
The warden later said :
"I am staying the execution at least
48 hours. It may be Thursday or
Friday. I am making a further
statement tomorrow."
He added that "I made the state-
ment and assume all responsibility."
Executions in New Jersey are us-
ually on Tuesdays or Fridays.
The request was made, Allyne Free-
man, foreman of the jury explained,
because it was investigating the re-
pudiated confession of the Lindbergh
kidnap-slaying, made by a disbarred
Trenton lawyer, Paul H. Wendel.
Freeman said there were still some
"interesting new angles in the case"
worthy of inquiry.
The Wendel "confession" and the
circumstances which led Wendel to
become a prisoner, charged with the
murder of the Lindbergh baby, had
earlier in the day been discredited
by Supreme Court Justice Thomas
W. Trenchard, Hauptmann trial jur-
ist.
In rejecting an application for a
judicial stay of execution, he called
the Wendel statement "incredible and
out of harmony with the known facts
in the case."
Mrs. Anna Hauptmann, wife of the
convicted Lindbergh baby killer, re-

their three daughters,
Lillie.

Ada, Hope and

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I
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;
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I

Engineers Exposed To Sufficient
Culture Training, Debate Shows
Culture, often defined as an in- this they added the statement that,
tangible product of all successful lib- contrary to popular opinion, the en-
eral arts educational processes, need gineering student at present is far
not be more emphasized in engineer- from lacking culture, that, indeed, he
ing studies than at present, a debate surpasses the literary or other pre-
last night in the Union between Sigma professional student in that respect.
Rho Tau, engineers' speech society, As proof of this statement the re-
and Adelphi, literary speech group, sults of a survey by the Carnegie
tended to show. Foundation were summarized in
Asserting that an extra year to be graphic form. In proposing some 3,-
devoted to cultural studies should be 000 questions on all cultural fields
added to the engineering curriculum, to students in 45 eastern colleges, it
Adelphi was slightly out-argued by was found that the highest scoring
the engineers, Prof. R. S. Hawley of groups were made up from future
the mechanical engineering depart- engineers and journalists, ranking
ment. the judge, decided. second and first respectively. Third
Although the literary college mem- place fell to artists and musicians,
bers began by conceding the import- while all other non-technical groups
ance of engineers in modern life, and were placed lower in the list,
the latter reciprocated by admitting In reply the Adelphi speakers point-
culture to be a desirable trait, the ed out that culture really cannot be
statements of the two sides quickly measured, which brought from their

'Michigan Law'
Institute Hears
Prof. MeCluskyg
State Reform Methods Are
Criticized By Professor
In Education School
"Criminals are made, not born,"
Prof. Howard Y. McClusky of the
School of Education yesterday told
officers gathered at the Michigan
Law Enforcement Institute, in an ad-
dress on "What Makes a Criminal,"
given at the morning meeting of the
convention.
In his speech Professor McClusky'
lashed out at present methods of re-
form in Michigan, claiming that they
"do not reform at all."
"Our research has shown the prob
lem of crime is a youth problem," he
continued. "Seventy-five per cent of
the adult criminals can be traced
back to a delinquent boyhood. As we
know enough to spot criminals at
their early age, we should attempt
to solve the problem through keep-
ing the young occupied."
He maintained that with the prop-
er procedure a boy with delinquent
tendencies might be developed into
a law-abiding, normal adult, and
cited bad habits and bad environ-
ment in boyhood as strong contribut-
ig factors in juvenile delinquency.
Under the head of environmental
influence, he described what he called
"high risk areas," in urban centers,
where a lack of adequate recrea-
tional facilities, gang influence, brok-
en homes, and lack of contact with
older persons in whom the youths
have confidence speed the process of
manufacturing hardened adult crim-
inals from the boys in such surround-
ings.
"I have never known of an in-
stance where a recreational center,
established in an area breeding crime,

recognized ability and loyalty to our ceived the news his life had been
movement," Townsend said. spared with hysterical weeping. She
He added he would present 90 per was at her hotel, waiting for the word
cent of the profits of the Townsend that he was dead.
National Weekly, which he and Clem- Hauptmann, his hair already shorn
ents controlled, to the movement, and for the metal cap of the chair, his
that national headquarters now in trouser leg already slit for the elec-
Washington would be moved to Chi- trode, took the news quietly, his chief
cago. A small office will be main- counsel, C. Lloyd Fisher, said.
tained in Washington, he said, "to "He took it as he takes everything
serve as a contact point with Con- -in stride," Fisher said.
gress." "He told me, 'I am very happy.
"The Townsend plan cannot be de- I think this means better things for
feated," his statement said. "The me.'"
present congressional kinvestigation Earlier he had written Governor
lends itself to making more solid our Hoffman, who on Jan. 16 gave him a
ranks and to creating within the 30-day reprieve :
millions of our followers a greater "Pleas investigate because this case
zeal for an early success." is not solvet. It only adds another
With his new "truly democ'atic dead to the Lindbergh case."
management," he added, "we will now In another sentence he directed
proceed in every congressional dis- (Continued ou Page 6)
trict to seek the election of a Congr'ess
The reorganization followed a break Term e
between Townsend and Representa-
tive McGroarty (Dem., Calif.), his
principal congressional supporter.

4-Month 'Armistice'
Is AskedBy Hitler
BERLIN, March 31-(1P)-Adolf
Hitler has called for a four-month
"Armistice" in the Rhineland crisis,
during which peace pact negotiations
would be carried on, a reliable source
said tonight.
This, with a three-man interna-
tional commission to supervise the
Rhineland on both the German and
French-Belgian sides of the frontier,
was said to be the principal feature

U.S.Senate
WASHINGTON, March 31. - (A') -
A bitterly-worded attack upon Wil-
liam Randolph Hearst-during which
he was termed an advocate of Fascism
and a publisher of stolen documents
- was loosed in the Senate today,
with Hearst soon afterward replying
in court to allegations of the Senate
lobby committee.
Senator Schwellenbach (Dem.,
Wash.), a member of the lobby com-
mittee, accused the publisher of run-
ning his newspapers on a "sweatshop"
basis and of a long record of "stealing

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