'THE MICHIGAIN D A ILY
Michigan Academy Adopts
Move Against Altering
Of Rocky Mountain Park
Rampaging Ohio Waters Flood Homes In Cincinnati
A protest against a survey being
made in preparation for work to be
carried out in Rocky Mountain Na-
tional Park, adopted by the Michigan
Academy in its Saturday business
meeting, will be forwarded to the Con-
gress conference committee today, ac-
cording to Prof. Leigh J. Young, sec-
retary of the 1936 Academy.
The survey calls for the building of
a 13-mile tunnel to transform Grand
Lake into a reservoir and the build-
ing of more than 8,000 feet of cov-
ered ditch within the park to divert
water from the Colorado River water-
shed to the Platte River watershed.
According to previous protests re-
corded by various nature and for-
estry organizations, the bill has not
been adequately investigated, has not
been approved by the Budget Bureau,
and has not been approved by the
proper committees in either house
The scheme to divert the waters
of Grand Lake and to tunnel through
the heart of the Rocky Mountain Na-
tional Park involves, according to 13
organizations against the project, the
development of power and the con-
struction of unsightly power lines
near the eastern and southern boun-
daries and across a scenic area, which
has been contemplated for addition
to the park.
Professor Young said that the sur-
vey to precede the actual drilling of
the tunnel would perhaps result in
more harm than the work itself.
Heavy machinery would have to be
moved in, necessitating the building
or roads, he said.
Prof. Shirley W. Allen of the for-
estry school worded the resolution
passed by the Academy. The Grand
Lake-Big Thompson Intermountain
Diversion project, as it is called, was
attached as a rider to the Interior
Department appropriation bill.
-Associated Press Map
Additional hundreds of persons living near the river at Cincinnati were turned from their homes by flood
waters of the rampaging Ohio River when the crest reached the'city, but preparations made for the approach-
ing inundation held property damage to a minimum. Water-isolated homes in a nearby suburb are shown in
Prof. Dodge Stresses Necessity
Of Artificial Flood Prevention
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in Sing Sing.
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Kagawa Collec t iof
Now At Lane Hall
Students interested in the works of
Kagawa are invited to look over the
collection of his books in Lane Hall,
it was made known yesterday by
Richard Clark, '37, secretary of the
Included among the works of this
world leader to be pound in the Coun-
cil of Religion office is "Songs from
the Slums," poetry written by Kaga-
wa just after he had been graduated
from Tokyo University and was liv-
ing in the poor section of that city.
Balaneing 01 Land F,ois
Icy Repl ntitig Is Sogli
By Government Ageii ies
By RALPH W. hURl)
The necessity of going beyond na-
tural landscape conditions and of
creating an "artificial environment"
in any concerted move toward the
prevention of floods was emphasized
yesterday by Prof. Stanley S. Dodge
of the geography departmnent in an
While proper grass and soil coverage
would have done much to prevent the
disastrou's floods now sweeping over
a large part of Eastern United States,
Professor Dodge believes that pre-
ventive measures in addition to these
must be instituted if complete flood
control is to be gained.
Describes Alternatives I
Pointing to the fact that it is the
"presence of man" which makes
floods disastrous, Professor Dodge de-
scribed two alternatives which must
be faced if such disasters are to be
avoided. "Either man will have to
move off the low-lying areas around
rivers where floods most frequently
occur, or move off the areas around
the head-waters of those river where
the floods begin," he stated.
The wide-spread flood in the Con-
necticut River valley was explained
by Professor Dodge as a result of an
extraordinary condition of rainfall
which no merely natural landscape
conditions could have overcome. The
source of the Connecticut River lies1
in the White Mountains, he pointed
out, and on Mount Washington in
that region, during a 24-hour period
last week, nearly nine inches of rain-
fall were recorded.
This downpour reduced the snowI
coverage from an average of 30 inchesI
down to 2 inches in one day, and wasc
the immediate cause of the flood, he
Since the sources of rivers are the
areas which should provide the focal
point of flood preventing activity, and
since the areas usually contain onlyt
a few scatterings of farms, Profes-
sor Dodge believes that it would seem
advisable to move these people into
other regions and devote the entirei
land to forest and grass planting
measures, to the construction of dams
and to a "general combination of ar-
tificial and natural factors which
must be worked out as time goes on."
Asked how soon such a program
might begin to take effect, Professor
Dodge estimated from 20 to 30 years.
There are now practically no real
studies of erosion and flood under
conditions of complete forest or grass
covers, he stated, and consequently
no precise statements of the pre-
ventive value of such natural condi-
tions can be made.
The measures proposed by govern-
ment agencies in developing these
conditions seem likely to help, he
co.)tinued, but they are by no means
a complete solution to the problem.
"We are not yet ready for the com-
Professor Dodge does not believe
that any change in administrations
will deter the progress of flood pre-
vw'it io studies and activities by the
,o e(rnnent. This movement is be-
ing controlled by the Soil Conserva-
tion Service, which is a permanent
bureau, he stated.
Studies by this Service now being
undertaken are directed towards a
better understanding of the natural
processes of erosion and floods, and
the replanting of forests and grasses
which it favors will greatly aid in
the prevention of floods.
Land In Equilibrium
Explaining how this prevtion takes
place, Professor Dodge described how,
under natural forest conditions, there
exists in most cases an equilibrium
among the various forms of the land,
vegetation, soil, slope, climate, etc.
Furthermore, under natural forest
conditions, at least in higher mid-
latitude forests, a litter of leaves and
twigs, sometimes to a thickness of
more than a foot, acts as a great
sponge to absorb the water from rain
and melting snow.
"The great difficulty comes in spring
when the ground is frozen and hence
less absorbtive," he stated, and this
he found to be an important contrib-
uting factor to the inability of these
natural conditions adequately to
check flood uprisings.
To Talk On Peace
(Continued from Page 1)
his own hands and inaugurated a
successful program of relief.
Kagawa's multifarious activities
are the more to be wondered at when
one considers the physical handicaps
which he has had to overcome. In
his youth, Kagawa suffered from tu-
berculosis, and even now he has tra-
choma of the eye, which nearly re-
sulted in his being denied admission
to this country.
Kagawa will give two lectures to-
morrow in the First Methodist
church. The first will be at 4:15 p.m.
on the "Cooperative Movement," and
the second lecture, on "Christianity
and a Cooperative State," will be
given at 8:15 p.m. The last lecture
will be given at 4:15 p.m. Friday, also
in the First Methodist Church. The
subject will be "The Principle of the
Cross and Economic Reconstruction."
8 Faculty Men '
To Bein New
Eight faculty members of the
School of Education began teaching
a series of four classes, Education
B195f, in eight Michigan cities yes-
Education B195f is a field course
dealing with state and national trends
in education with special reference
to the curiculum of elementary and
secondary schools. Designed primar-
ily for persons who have administra-
tive or supervisory duties, the course
is a new venture for the education
school, which is presenting it in co-
operation with the University Exten-
Those who left yesterday morn-
ing are Prof. Raleigh Schorling, who
went to Flint; Prof. Calvin O. Da-
vis, who went to Grand Rapids;
Prof. Howard Y. McClusky, who went
to Jackson; Prof. Wililam Clark
Trow, who went to Kalamazoo;
Prof. L. W. Keeler, who went to
Niles; Prof. Clifford Woody, who
went to Port Huron; Prof. Harlan
C. Koch, who went to Royal Oak,
and Prof. Francis D. Curtis, who went
STAMP CLUB TO MEET
Students are urged to attend the
meeting of the Ann Arbor Stamp Club
at 7:30 p.m. today in the Union, W.
C. Shankland, secretary of the club,
announced last night. It is a regular
meeting of the club, he said, open to
Subject Of Talk
iFurstenberg Citest Value
Of Cultural Education
The importance of obtaining a
broad cultural education along with
pre-medical training was emphasized
by Dean Albert C. Furstenberg of the
Medical School, in a talk given as part
of the vocational series arranged by
the literary college yesterday after-
noon in Angell Hall.
The importance of a cultural educa-
tion, said Dean Furstenberg is empha-
sized by the fact that in a large num-
ber of medical schools, an A.B. degree
is considered of more value to the stu-
dent applying for admission than a
B.S. degree, while some of the better
schools,such as Johns Hopkins, have
gone so far as to make the A.B. de-
gree an absolute requirement for ad-
Outlining a course for the student
planning to enter a medical school,
Dean Furstenberg listed the follow-
ing courses, which are required at
the University Medical School, as be-
ing the most comprehensive: English,
six hours; chemistry, 14 hours; biol-
ogy, eight hours; physics, eight hours;
and two years of either French or
A pre-medical education, Dean
F urstenberg said, was originally in-
tended to broaden the interests of
the medical student, but the continual
addition of scientific subjects to the
requirements has extended the train-
ing obtained in a medical school down
into the field of pre-medical study.
In regard to aptitude tests, he ex-
plained that although they are not
required for admission at all medical
schools, more and more emphasis is
being placed upon them, and they
have now become an important part
of pre-medical training.
Choice of School Important
The choice of the school is of great
importance today, Dean Furstenberg
said, because of the great amount of
competition in all fields of medical
practice. The best means of judging
a school, he said, is through the rat-
ing published by the American Med-
ical Association. The cost of attend-
ing a medical school varies greatly, he
said, according to the individual
needs, but he pointed out that it is
extremely difficult to do outside work
while attending medical school. It is
better, he said, to work for a period
before attending medical school, be-
cause a student who has once been ex-
pelled from a high-rating school for
poor scholarship will not be accepted
at any other school.
Secretarial and Business
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