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March 24, 1936 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-03-24

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The Weather
Warmer with probable show-
ers followed by slight fall in
temperature.

Wit i an

Ilaitil

Editorials
Gems From Diamonds..,
Something More To Think
About . ..

I;

VOL. XLVI No. 123 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 24, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Mussolini
Abolishes
Chamber
Fascist State Takes Over
Large Private Industry
On 17th Anniversary
Act Is Preparation
For European War
'Big Industry Must Labor
Exclusively For Armed
Forces,' Duce Says
ROME, March 23. - (') - Premier
Mussolini, standing under the shadow
of a statue of Julius Caesar, today
abolished large private industries and
Italy's Chamber of Deputies in prep-
aration for an expected European war.
His purpose in placing large in-
dustries under direct or indirect state
control, he explained, was to take the
profits from war.
The dictator put these far-reach-
ing changes into effect as the nation
celebratedhthe seventeenthhanniver-
sary of the founding of the Fascist
party. With these reforms, he told
his cheering followers in the Julius
Caesar Hall of the capitol building
on Capitoline Hill, the Fascist party
reaches fulfillment of its purposes.
A council of guilds, to be known as
"The Chamber of Fascists and Cor-
poations," will be substituted for the
impotent Chamber of Deputies, long
prepared for its abolition.
Hints At Coming War
Medium and small private indus-
tries were left untouched, but Il Duce
said "we are going toward the period"
in which large private industries "will
have to labor exclusively, or almost
so, for the armed forces of the na-
tion."
Of sanctions, he said:
"They will remain a mark of in-
famy in the history of Europe, just
as furnishing material and moral aid
to Ethiopia will remain as a page of
dishonor."
Italy, he added, now has enough
iron for either peace or war needs.
In striking phrases, I Duce took
the following steps:
1.-Abolished the Italian Chamber
of Deputies in favor of a council of
guilds.
2.-Abolished large industries to
take the profits from war.
3- Asserted that economic self-
sufficiency is Italy's goal as a prepara-
tion for war.
4.--Abolished "sharkims' 'to end
profits on essentials of life.
5.-Asserted differences in ranks
among producers must be reduced.
6.- Defied sanctions.
7.- Declared that political au-
tonomy means economic autonomy.
8.-Announced that Italy is trans-
forming her economy, developing
some prime materials and learning
to get along without others.
Austro-Magyar Accords Signed
New political and economic accords
between Italy, Hungary and Austria
were signed today at the Venezia pal-
ace. The three powers were repre-
sented by their premiers Mussolini
for Italy, Chancellor Kurt Schusch-
nigg for Austria and Julius Goemboes
for Hungary.
The accords, agreed upon yesterday,
are reported to strengthen existing
protocols between the three nations.
Blackshirted Fascists paraded,
waved flags, cheered and shouted
"Viva Il Duce" throughout the nation

in celebration of their party's birth-
day. At provincial ceremonies, Fas-
cists heard a proclamation of the
names of their companions who have
died in the Ethiopian war.
Senate Passes
Big Peacetime
Bill For Army
WASHINGTON, March 23.- (A) -
Ignoring cries of "this means war"
and "extravagance," the Senate today
boomed out a 53 to 12 vote to pass a
record-breaking peacetime army sup-
ply bill of $611,362,604.
The measure was sent to the House
for action on Senate changes adding
a net of $66,000,000 to the House-
approved total, after a vote of 36 to
35 had defeated a second attempt to
include funds to continue work on
the WPA-initiated ship canal.
nnnrcnt of the A-mile Atlantic

Guest At Smoker

WILLIAM S. KNUDSEN
* *- *
Knudsen To Be
Guest Speaker.
Before Smoker
Address On Auto Industry
To Be Heard By Council
In UnionTonightt
William S. Knudsen, vice-president
of the General Motors Corporationt
since 1933, will address the Engineer-
ing Council's annualssmoker at 7:30
p.m. today in the ballroom of the
Michigan Union, it was announcedt
last night by Francis Wallace, '36,
president of the council. His subjectt
will be "The Growth of the Automo-
bile Industry."
Arriving in America from Denmark1
at the age of 20, Mr. Knudsen is
known widely for his phenomenal riset
from a worker in New York ship-c
yards to one of the most influential
and powerful positions in the auto-
mobile industry.1
Resigning his job in the shipyards,
he worked for the Erie Railroad shops
for 18 months. He then transferredI
to the John R. Keim Mills in Buffalo,t
N. Y., being advanced to superinten-
dent in 1902.
He then entered the employment
of the Ford Motor Car Co., Detroit,1
where he remained until 1921. Hef
was in charge of building assembly
plants there, and later became pro-t
duction manager.
In 1921 Mr. Knudsen became gen-
cral manager of the Matthews &t
Ireland Co., and a year later wentt
into the employment of the Chevro-
let Co., as vice-president. He wast
later appointed president of Chevro-
let and then executive vice-president
of the General Motors Corporation,
with supervisory control of all auto-
mobile and ,body manufacturing ac-
tivities.
Prof. Walter E. Lay f the automo-
tive engineering department will be
toastmaster of the smoker.
Tickets may be obtained for 25
cents either at the Union immediate-
ly before the smoker or in advance
on the second-floor hallway of the
West Engineering Building, directly
above the Engineering Arch.
O'Shea Profits
In Stock Deals
Are Revealed.
Banker I)dln't Purchase
$10,000 Home For Her,
Miss lDinimer Asserts
DETROIT, March 23.--- (') -James
J. O'Shea's 26-year-old confidential
secretary said today that he had re-
ceived half the profits from a secret
stock market account of $135,000
which the banker directed her Thurs-
day to turn over to detectives inves-
tigating the $395,000 embezzlement of
city funds.
O'Shea, vice president of the Na-
tional Bank of Detroit, is held for
trial on charges that he aided Harry
M. Tyler, assistant city budget direc-
tor. in withdrawing money fraudu-
lently from the city's account in the
bank.
The banker asserted that the stock
account was Tyler's, but Miss Mer-
cedes F. Dimmer, his secretary, said
that "so far as I know this was
O'Shea's own stock market account.
He never told me Tyler had any in-
terest in it, and I do not recall ever
hearing Mr. O'Shea mentioning his
name."

Miss Dimmer denied that O'Shea
purchased for her a $10,000 home into
which she moved her family from a
2A-a-month flat last autumn. She

New Awards
For Women
AreOffered
$500 Graduate Fellowship
And Two Scholarships
Are Given By Alumnae
April 15 Last Day
To File Application
Establishment Of Endowed
Fellowship Fund Sought
By Alumnae Council
By JOSEPHINE T. McLEAN
A fellowship for graduate study
amounting to $500, and two senior
gift scholarships of $100 each will be
available to women students for the
academic year 1936-37 through the
Alumnae Council of the Alumni Asso-
ciation, Mrs. Seymour Beach Con-
ger, executive secretary of the Alum-
nae Association, announced yesterday.
Winners of awards will be an-
nounced April 30. Application blanks,
which are now obtainable at the of-
fice of the Dean of Women must be
filed with that office by April 15.
The choice of candidates rests with
the Alumnae Council Committee of
Awards consisting of Miss Alice C.
Lloyd, dean of women; Mrs. Delos
Parker Heath of Detroit, chairman of
the Alumnae Council Fellowship Com-
mittee, Mrs. Charles Gore of Ben-
ton Harbor, Dean Clarence Yoakum
of the Graduate School, and another
member of the rAjduate iSchocl
Board appointed by Dean Yoakum.
These awards, offered currently,
comprise individual and group con-
tributions and are made possible prin-
cipally through the gifts of organized
alumnae throughout the United
States. They are only a part of the
Alumnae Council's general fellowship
program, which has as its ultimate
goal the establishment of an endow-
ment fund of $150,000 for the main-
tenance of 10 graduate fellowships.
Three of these original capital funds
are already under way, the most
recent being that of the Michigan
League Undergraduate Council, with
a goal of $15,000.
The Emma Holbrook Clark-Alum-
nae Council Fellowship of $500, grant-
ed on the basis of high scholastic
ability and scholarly achievement, is
open to any college woman with a
bachelor's degree from an accredited
college or University and is to be used
for work toward a master's or doc-
tor's degree. A Michigan graduate
may use the award for study on the
(Continued on Page 2)
Kagawa To Speak
About Christianity
Toyohiko Kagawa, Martin Loud
lecturer for 1936, will give four pub-
lic addresses this'week in Ann Arbor,
and will hold a special forum to an-
swer all questions, handed in by stu-
dents.
The first lecture on "Christian Co-
operatives and World Peace" will be
presented at 4:15 p.m. Wednesday
in Hill Auditorium. The student
meeting will be held in the Union at
7:30 p.m. Wednesday.
fn the First Methodist Church,
Kagawa will present a series of three
lectures. The first will be at 4:15
p.m. Thursday on "Cooperative
Movement"; the second will be given
at 8:15 p.m. Thursday on "Chris-
tianity and a Cooperative State"; and
at 4:15 p.m. Friday the last lecture,
on "The Principle of the Cross and

Economic Reconstruction," will be
presented.

Claims Innocence

-By ailyStaf Phtographer.
'SHORTY' HAYDEN-
Streicher Case
Is Opened Anew
By Prosecutor
New Evidence Disclosure
Brings Quiz Of Former
Law Student
Another step forward in the solu-
tion of the murder of Richard
Streicher at Ypsilanti a year ago was
made known yesterday when Prose-
cutor Albert J. Rapp revealed that
he had questioned a former Uni-
versity law student who is a suspect'
in the case.
Prosecutor Rapp questioned the
former student who was suspected be-
cause of his psychopathic tendencies,
his absence from his rooming house
here the night of the murder and his
departure for the coast the next day.
Richard Streicher's body was found
brutally mutilated near the Huron
River bridge in Ypsilanti.
The suspect, whose name Prosecut-
or Rapp would not divulge, stated
that his departure for the coast had
been planned weeks before, the Pros-
ecutor said. He also claimed that he
had never been in Ypsilanti and had
stayed in an Ann Arbor hotel the
night of the murder.
Several grotesque drawings which
were recently mailed to Chief of Po-
lice Ralph Southard, in Ypsilanti,
were also investigated by Prosecutor
Rapp. He is attempting to establish
a relationship between these draw-
ings and a book found in the suspects'j
room which was opened to the picture
of an Aztec priest. The drawings
mailed to Chief Southard were con-
structed in part from newspaper pic-
tures and in part from what was
penciled in by the sender. A mis-
formed madonna with a detached
arm holding a dagger was the sub-
ject of one of the drawings, while
another showed a laughing crowd
watching a man chase a child down
the street.
An obituary of the Rev. Oresta
Trinchieri of the Salesian Fathers,
former pastor of the church of St.
Peter and Paul in San Francisco, was
also mailed to Ypsilanti. No hand-
writing accompanied it, and no clue
as to the sender has been discovered.
Much verification and checking of
details must be made, Prosecutor
Rapp said, before the value of the in-
formation is determined.
ASKS AAA REPORT
WASHINGTON, March 23. -- W) -
Charging "enormous" AAA payments
to some farmers, Sen. Arthur H. Van-
denberg asked the Senate today to
request from Secretary of Agriculture
Henry A. Wallace, a report on all,
crop-control contracts which paid
more than $10,000.

Plea In Stang
Murder Case
Is NotGuilty
Padgett, Who Was Called
Hayden, Won't Admit
Previous Presence Here
Two Men Identify
Alleged Murderer
'Shorty' Wants Road Maps
With Which To Explain
His Activities Last March
Once more denying that he had
ever been in Ann Arbor, William Pad-
gett, alias "Shorty Hayden," pleaded
not guilty, when arraigned in Judge
Jay H. Payne's court yesterday after-
noon, to the murder of Patrolman
Clifford Stang in March, 1935.
"I've never been in Ann Arbor in
all my life," he stated when asked
how he would plead. He demanded
an examination, which was set for
2 p.m. Friday.
Hayden was identified by William
Conlin and Herbert Wetherbee, pro-
prietors of the clothing store in which
Stang was shot, as one of the two
thugs who participated in the murder
of Stang.
James Akers, '38, a customer in the
store at the time of the holdup, was
not called upon to identify the pris-
oner. Chief of Police Lewis W. Fo-
hey stated that the two men were "ab-
solutely certain" that Hayden was the
bandit.
Asking for road maps of Ohio, West
Virginia and Michigan, Hayden said
that he would probably be able to tell
from them where he was last March.
He had previously said that hekhad
left this part of the country in Feb-
ruary or early March last year and
had gone to Baltimore and then on
to Washington, New York and Wheel-
ing. Judge Payne stated that the
maps would be furnished to him at
the time-of the examination.
Hayden is being held in the county
jail without bond. He has been there
since Saturday when he was returned
from Los Angeles by Prosecutor Al-
bert J. Rapp, Chief Fohey and Sergt,.
Sherman Mortenson, folowing an un-
successful fight against extradition.
Paroled in October, 1934, from the
Southern Michigan Prison at Jack-
son after serving five years of a seven
and a half to 15-year sentence for
robbery armed, Hayden was tentative-
ly identified by the witnesses of the
hold-up from pictures released by
the prison when he broke his parole.
He was arrested by Los Angeles police
on a charge of breaking and entering,
and identified as Hayden from fin-
ger prints which were taken.
Judge Payne said that Padgett was
the prisoner's authentic name. He
assumed the name of Hayden, his
mother's maiden name, during his
stay in Michigan.
Winter To Give
Annual Russel
LectureMay 7
Younger Faculty Memer
To Be Honored At Same
Time By Award
The annual Henry Russel lecture
for 1935-36, which will be given by
Prof. John G. Winter, chairman of
the Latin department, will be de-

livered at 4:15 p.m. May 7 in Natural
Science Auditorium. Dr. Heber D.
Curtis, president of the Research
Club of the University, stated yester-
day.
Announcement of the Hemy Rus-
sel award will also be made at the
time of the lecture, and, according to
Dr. Curtis, the award is annually
given to an instructor or assistant
professor whose scientific and scho-
lastic work has been outstanding.
The lectureship was first awarded
in 1925 after the Regents had decided
to use $250 from the endowment giv-
en the University by the late Henry
Russel of Detroit. The Regents also
decided to award $250 to some young-
er member of the staff whose prom-
ise seems to merit appointment.
Professor Winter is the eleventh
faculty man to be asked to give the
Henry Russel lecture, Having been
connected with the University since
1904, Professor Winter has achieved
international recognition as a schol-
ar and at the present time is director
of the division of fine arts in the lit-
erary college and of the Museum of
Classical Archaeology.

Covers New

Area;.

172 Deaths Known

Local Red Cross Raises
$1,300 Flood Relief
Michigan's honor societies so-
licited nearly $200 in Red Cross
flood relief yesterday morning, as
Lewis E. Ayres chairman of the
local Red Cross chapter, an-
nounced last night that Ann Ar-
bor had more than doubled its
quota of $520.
Michigamua, Sphinx and Vul-
cans canvassed the campus for
$192.27, bringing the total for the
city up to nearly $1,300, Mr. Ayres
said. A portion of this came from
Ypsilanti, he added.I
Mr. Ayres said he received an-
other telegram from national Red
Cross headquarters stating that
oversubscriptions were needed be-
cause of growing damages wroughtI
by the flood.
League Awaits
Proposal Reply
From Dictators
Family Of Nations Anxious
Over Italian And German
Attitude On Peace
LONDON, March 23. - () - With
apprehension the League of Nations
Council awaited word tonight from
two dictators-Adolf Hitler and Ben-
ito Mussolini.
Der Fuehrer's all-important an-
swer to proposals of the four Locarno
powers was still unsighted late to-
night. It was linked closely by
League circles with an expected mes-
sage of the Italian dictator stating
his basicdemands for halting the war
in Africa.
The League's committee of 13,
which is the Council without Italy,
dispatched a new plea for peace di-
rectly to Italy and Ethiopia after re-
assuming consideration of the war
Tht African bloodshed had been
temporarily forgotten in the stress
of the crisis caused by Hitler's drop-
ping of the Locarno treaty.
Joachim von Ribbentrop, Hitler's
special ambassador, said dispatches
from Berlin may fly to London to-
morrow bringing Germany's scheme
for solution of the first part of the
double dilemma confronting the
League-the Rhineland crisis and the
Italo-Ethiopian conflict.
One, it was admitted, cannot easily
be settled without some agreement
concerning the other.
Mussolini, it is believed, will insist
upon assurances that he will get an
Italian peacemin Ethiopia with a
simultaneous lifting of sanctions be-
fore he gives broad pledges in con-
nection with the projected quad-
ruple alliance which would function
against Germany should Hitler re-
fuse to negotiate for a new Locarno
accord.
Borah Resumes
Campaign Tour
Of Middle West
WASHINGTON, March 23. - () -
With the brief comment that he was
glad to have support from Dr. Fran-
cis E. Townsend, Sen. William Edgar
Borah, (Rep., Ida.) said today that
he would resume his campaigning for
the Republican Presidential nomina-
tion in the Middle West in about a
week.
He plans to speak in Illinois and
perhaps Wisconsin about April 1.

Early in May he will make an address
in Ohio before that state's primary
May 12.
In Los Angeles Dr. Townsend, au-
thor of the Townsend Old Age Pen-
sion Plan, revived talk of a third
party with the declaration that if the
Republicans show the same "cold-
ness" to his plan, "a third party,
composed exclusively of Townsend
Plan followers, will be formulated
with the avowed purpose of shelving!
both Democratic and Republican par-
ties perpetually."
FILIPINOS BACK ROOSEVELT

Devastated Eastern States
Begin Work To Restore
Half BillionDamage
To Study Program
Of Flood Control
Governors To Ask WPA
For Funds; Seek Special
Relief Grants
(By The Associated Press)
The flood crest of the Ohio River
moved westward toward the Missis-
sippi Monday night, carrying de-
struction and suffering into new
areas, as a dozen flood-torn Eastern
states struggled with an immense re-'
habilitation task.
Hundreds of persons were desert-
ing their homes as the crest of the
Ohio flood neared Cincinnati and
inundated large areas of lowlands in
the Southwestern portion of the
Buckeye State. Dozens of villages
were submerged and isolated.
In Portsmouth, 110 miles upstream
from Cincinnati, the river was at 59
feet, one foot below the top of the
mililon-dollar flood wall. The river
was steadily leveling off, however,
and it was believed that the wall was
safe.
A recheck of the death list, .as
Eastern rivers rapidly receded,
showed 172 dead. Property damage
was estimated, unofficialy and of-
ficialy, at more than $500,000,000.
More than 425,000 persons were
homeless.
Governors Ask Relief
As thousands of National Guards-
men and WPA workers started clear-
ing away flood wreckage, state of-
ficials converged on Washington
seeking rehabilitation funds.
Gov. George H. Earle, of Pennsyl-
vania; Gov. Louis J. Brann, of Maine;
Gov. Wilbur L. Cross, of Connecticut,
and Frank Foy, Massachusetts direc-
tor of the National Emergency Coun-
cil, conferred with their congres-
sional delegations regarding proposed
flood relief legislation.
Gov. Earle made an appeal to Har-
ry Hopkins, Works Progress admini-
strator, for Federal funds. He said
'that a special session of the Pennsyl-
vania Legislature is "practically in-
evitable."
After a conference with the Penn-
sylvania Governor, Hopkins an-
nounced that he and six other WPA
officials would leave at once on a
tour of the stricken areas.
Senator Joseph F. Guffey, Penn-
sylvania Democrat, prepared to in-
troduce two bills to provide approp-
riations totaling $68,578,000.for perm-
anent flood control programs in the
Allegheny and Susquehanna River
basins.
Johnstown Loss Exceeds '89
At Hartford, Conn., insurance cap-
ital of the Nation, 1,000 National
Guardsmen continued on duty to pre-
vent looting. The damage there was
estimated by business men at $25,-
000,000.
A committee of experts set the per-
sonal and property damage at Johns-
town, Pa., at $28,821,692, nearly three
times that of the famous flood of
1889. The estimate did not include
damage to bridges, streets, sewers
and other public property.
Nearly 400,000 men were reported
engaged in rehabilitation work.
The flood claimed its first victim in
the Lower Ohio Valley Monday when
Charles Smittle, 57 years old, died of
exposure after falling from a row-
boat near Portsmouth.
WASHINGTON, March 23. - (') -
Members of Congress from 15 states
voted today to seek the appointment
(Continued on Page 2)
Find New Evidence

In Hauptmann Case
TRENTON, March 23. - (A)--Gov.
Harold J. Hoffman, authoritative
sources disclosed, has developed new
evidence in the Lindbergh kidnap
murder case, which he considered suf-
ficient material to seek clemency for
Bruno Richard Hauptmann.
The governor conferred last week
with Attorney-General David T. Wil-
entz, Hauptmann's prosecutor, and
the sources said the governor sug-
gested that they together request a
cnmmutatinn nf the Tdath npna1tv t

Ohio

Valley Flood

i

_ _ _ _
i

'Swing' Results From Efforts
To Play 'Hot'In Earlier Style

By TUJURE TENANDER
This present era of "swing" music
ballyhood by writers, critics, and pub-
licity agents is, in the opinion of
Philip Diamond of the German de-
partment, nothing more than an
effort to reproduce the music which
was being produced by the artists oft
10 years ago.
Mr. Diamond also believes that to-
day's attempts to "swing out" are
not producing the results that were
attained by the musical immortals
of the middle of the last decade, and
he should know, for he was in the
music business for eight years.
During his experiences at the pi-i
ano and leading a dance orchestra,

Dorsey, Frankie Trambauer. Don
Murray and Joe Venuti.
"I used to wish for the floor to
open up and swallow me every time
we started to play immediately after
that aggregation of stars had com-
pleted its turn," said Mr. Diamond,
remembering those days when his
orchestra had to compete with the
ace Goldkette organization.
Just to prove that he was not an
"old fogey" reminiscing about the
"good old days," Mr. Diamond took
your correspondent to his home to
listen to recordings which were made
by these men in the middle twenties.
The records offered very convincing
evidence that the top musicians of
yesteryear have not been equalled by
the musicians of today, as far as

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