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March 08, 1936 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-03-08

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sRC! ,,186 , THE, MICHIGAN DAILY

Sees Doom Of
Spoils System

TH E WEEK IN REVIEW
World and National News In Brief

Baird Carillon AnM. L. Burton Tower
Are Described By Prof. Earl V. Moore

Faculty Member
Head Of Civil

Selected
Service

Investigation
(Continued from Page 1)
ings could be made, and what is
equally important, service improved."
The present patronage system "not
only fails to disclose the degree of
native intelligence and formal train-
ing possessed by the applicant," Pro-
fessor Pollock declared, "but it also
offers no guarantee that he possesses
any of the virtues desirable in a gov-
ernment servant. No head of a large
department, however honest and cap-
able himself, can personally hire
every employe needed," he advised.
"No governor, however much he has
at heart the interests of the people,
can pass on the qualifications of
more than 13,000 employes of the
state. An agency to determine qual-
ifications based on merit is the only
way yet found of securing qualified
employes throughout the whole ser-
vice."
Professor Pollock ridiculed the idea
that civil service encourages discour-
tesy and incompetence. "As a mat-
ter of fact," he declared, "it is easier
to get rid of an incompetent employe
ui.tder civil service than under the
patronage system, where he is likely
to be protected by his political spon-
sors. The morale and attitude of
public servants in such states as
California, New Jersey and Wiscon-
sin is superior to that of employes
under non-civil service states.
"The commission," Professor Pol-
lock charged, "has discovered just
about the same inefficiency under
the spoils system when investigation
disclosed that no form of physical
examination is given to the guards at
one of the larger prisons of the state.
Apparently, anybody bearing the
proper letter of introduction could
get a job."
Holding that "civil service is now
imperative in Michigan if we are to
have efficient and economical gov-
ernment," Professor Pollock is cer-
tain that in many jobs won under
te spoils system, merit is not a fac-
tor in making appointments, promo-
tions or removals. He declared that
only under a civil service system does
a governor and his immediate sub-
ordinates find it possible to resist the
pressure for jobs.
Unitarians To Have
New Twilight Series
A series of addresses on "Depart-
ures" for the March Twilight services
of the Unitarian church was an-
nounced yesterday by the Rev.H. P.
Marley. The topics for the remainder
of the month are "Clifford Odets -
Footlights on the Controversial," on
March 15, "John Dewey -Man Con-
trols His Destiny," on March 22, and
"Nicolai Lenin - The Proletariat are
Also People," on March 29.
Also during March a special insti-
tute of religion will be held on three
Sunday mornings in the church li-
brary on the history and present sta-
tus of liberal religion in the United
States. Leaders of the discussion will
be Professors Roy W. Sellars, Arthur
Wood and John Shepard. The Rev.
Marley will give, a historical sketch
of the local church.
At the men's supper on March 20,
Prof. Robert Hall of the geography
department, recently returned from
Japan, will address the group.

WORLD
Ominous Symbol
The house-painter from Austria
made banner news in the world's press
with a surprise pronunciamento be-
fore the Reichstag at noon yester-
day, thus climaxing a week of in-
tricate European chess diplomacy.
Tearing into little pieces the Lo-
carno and the Versailles Treaties by
a "symbolic" occupation of the Rhine-
land, dissolving the Reichstag and
calling for a plebiscite March 29,
Adolf Hitler proferred with the other
hand a bouquet of non-aggression of-
fers to all.
Explanations for his move have
their roots in the League peace nego-
tiations with Italy.
- 1
Garden Of Eden
The League sanction deliberations
were opened this week by an unex-
pectedly strong declaration for imme-
diate and complete oil sanctions by
Sir Anthony Eden, British foreign
secretary. Result was that Mussolini
was offered 48 hours to decide between
a peace settlement and, presumably,
oil embargoes. Later the time was
extended to one week, giving Il Duce
until this coming Tuesday to think
it over.
Haile Selassie indicated his will-
ingness to settle on terms not less
favorable than those offered by the
ill-fated Hoare-Laval suggestion. In
Rome, however, Mussolini, irked by
the threatening tone of the "ultima-
tum," the thought of settling within
the League covenant, refused to have
Italy thought of as the aggressor
nation, and seemed about to turn
down the offer. Contributing fac-
tors were: (1) Eden rode into office
on the wave of disapproval against
Hoare for his joint suggestion for
peace with Laval, and hence was not
likely to agiee to terms more lib-
eral to Italy than those offered by
his unfortunate predecessor; (2) Ital-
ian armies have been having a bang-
up week in Ethiopia, having defeated
three defense armies before them and
with effective air raids on Addis
Ababa a likely prospect for this week;
(3) Hungarian and Austrian officials
are coming to visit I Duce this week
- a possible indication of an attempt
at salvation of the Five-Power pact.
and that these two countries and
possibly Switzerland would be will-
ing to follow Italy out of the League
if he chooses to reject
e s=
French Predicament
The general air of doubt made
Pierre-Etienne Flandin the most em-
barrassed man in Europe. The French
foreign minister knew that if Il Duce
refused, France would be called upon
to stand back of oil sanctions, thus
severing Italian relations and leav-
ing them no possible ally against
Germany - unless it be England.
With this in mind, Flandin addressed
ardent overtures to Eden for an Anglo-
French pact of mutual assistance
against German invasion, but Eng-
land seeemd unreceptive.
Concerned over what Britain's rely
to French overtures might be, Hitler
advanced the Reichstag meeting from
next Friday to yesterday. He had
already puzzled the French earlier
this week by giving out an interview
to a French journal in which he pro-
claimed nothing but peaceful inten-
tions, offered to shake hands - ne-
glecting meanwhile to correct "wrong

impressions" in Germany gleaned
from "Mein Kampf" that France was
Germany's mortal enemy. Thus,
fearing Anglo-French strangulation,
fearing Italy's rejection of the League
offer and its consequences, and fear-
ing the effect of the Franco-Soviet
pact of mutual assistance passed by
the Chamber of Deputies last week.
Hitler chose the moment to declare
the Versailles a classic example of
how a war should not be ended.
Telephones buzzed in diplomatic
centers of Europe; the effects were
immediate. Mussolini announced a
provisional acceptance of the League
peace terms, indicating a willingness
to accept but little more than was
offered and rejected earlier, with
rights to keep all land which Italian
troops now hold. France ordered
all army leaves cancelled, Flandin
cancelled an intended vacation, and
lights burned late last night in Eu-
rope's capitals. Thus ended the in-
ternational week, on a Stravinsky
chord.
NATIONAL
Labor-Strike One
Penthouse dwellers were hardest
hit of all throughout last week as
employes of 1,988 New York City
apartments, hotels, and office build-
ings went on strike for higher wages,
fewer hours, and a closed shop.
Switchboards buzzed and buzzed un-
answered, elevators were motionless,
furnace fires went untended.
The strike began comparatively
slowly, but gained momentum rapidly
until yesterday both the strikers and
the Realty Advisory Board, represent-
atives of the great majority of the
employers, were steadfast in their de-
mands, indicating that the strike will
last indefinitely. Governor Lehman
adopted a "hands off" policy, but
Mayor LaGuardia and Edward F. Mc-
Grady, Federal representative, - at-
tempted arbitration.
All attempts, however, were to no
avail, even though the strikers re-
linquished their closed shop demand
for a preferential shop. The Realty
Advisory Board maintained that the
present wages, based on a compre-
hensive study a year ago, were ade-
q uate and that employers could not
afford to pay more.
Mayor LaGuardia made a plea in
the middle of the week for private
agreements, in effect, ignoring
the Realty Board as a collective bar-
gaining organization for the em-
ployers. Yesterday the first fruit of
his plea appeared when the Pru-
dence Co., controlling 45 large build-

ings, complied with all but the closed
shop demand of the strikers.
Complete support was assured
James J. Bambrick, strike leader, by
William Green, president of the A.
F. of L. and the New York teamsters
union promised to boycott all build-
ings affected by the strike.
Police radio cars, called to all parts
of the city to dampen ihreats of
violence, had the busiest time in their
history. Strikers were generally
peaceful, but there were numerous
arrests and some fatalities. Although
it was denied, there was some evi-
dence in the activity about the Berg-
doff Co.. America's most notorious
strike breakers, that it was being
hired by the Realty Advisory Board.
What the future held in store for
the strike was very indefinite. If both
sides remain resolute in their de-

(Continued from Page.1)
bells. As yet he has not been hired,
and whether he will be an American
or will come from England or the
Continent is not yet known, Profes-
sor Moore said.
The bells will be played by counter
weights, hanging down from the clap-
pers. By pulling the weights, the car-
illoneur will move the clappers, which
will be but an extremely small dis-
tance from the edge of the bell. Thus
the sounds will be made.
At the present time, the bells are
being cast in England at the foundry.
They will be shipped to Ann Arbor
sometime late in the coming summer.
Although the exact size of the
tle attention as shown in the slight
dropof the News circulation.
Delicate Subject

frame of the bells was not known
by Professor Moore, he stated that a
space 34 feet wide, 34 feet long, and
44 feet high would be allowed for
the frame in the Tower. The bells
will not take up the total of this
space, but they will occupy most of
it.
When installed in the Tower, the.
bells are to be set in rigidly, and all
sounds will be made by moving clap-
pers. By such installation, Professor
Moore stated, the richness will be en-
hanced, and also the loudness and
"ringing" effect of the bells will be
further cut down.
The carillon will be tuned at the
foundry. Each bell is given its pitch
at the foundry, and a very difficult
process in tuning the bells is followed.
After being cast, the bells are set
upon a revolving turn table. As the
bells revolve, a chisel is put inside the
bell, and it is gradually tuned by
cutting down the thickness of the
bell in certain spots. Thus the tun-
ing is done in a manner similar to
that of tuning a violin by winding its
strings at the scroll.
Every bell does nor make merely
one tone. Each will make several
tones, and the different tonations will
come from various parts of the bell.

One may come from the lip of the
bell, another from its top-most part
and another from the middle. This
again complicates the process of tun-
ing the giant bells.
Professor Moore emphasized that
the volume of the bell is not directly
proportional to its size. Just because
a bell is large does not necessarily
mean that it will be as loud as some
bells considerably smaller or that it
will be softer than one larger.
The largest bell weighs 12 tons and
is nine feet in diameter; the smallest
weighs about 14 pounds and is six to
eight inches wide. Their loudness
will depend partially upon their size,
upon the number played at one time
ad upon the manner in which the
carilloneur plays them.
Two other carillons, one located at
Riverside Church, New York, and the
other at the University of Chicago,
will be the only two larger than the
Baird Carillon.
1,I."2

mands, it is certain that, since the To help restore the budget to its
situation cannot remain as it is, status before the AAA invalidation
either the great majority of or- and passage of the Bonus Bill, Presi-
ganized New York la bor will support dent Roosevelt Sunday recommended
their fellows and give them a verdict, t C
or else authority will force the strik- to Congress that it levy a tax on un-
ers back to work. Even though a divided corporate profits of 33 and
considerable number of strike-break- 13 per cent, calculated to yield 620
ers have been obtained, labor appears million dollars annually; and the re-
to have the public sympathy at this peal of the present exemption of cor-
writinporation dividends from the normal
writing. , individual income tax, so that all
profit s divided among stockholders
Strike Two would bear the full income levy.
He also suggested a "windfall" tax,
Shades of California's longshore- designed to retrieve a part of the im-
man strike reared on Monday as the pounded or unpaid processing taxes
crew of a Panama Pacific liner struck which were returned or abated by
just before sailing time for parity in court orders. The deficit not covered
by the "windfall" taxes, he proposed,
wages with Atlantic intercoastal sea- shinddall"otaey heprsed,
men. Secretary Perkins settled the should be obtained by an excise on
strike Thursday by a long-distanceceti agricultural products.
call to strike leaders, promising to Immediately bankers predicted dire
arbirate i teiehalfwiheir results of such a measure in future
arbiter n i hdepressions, when, if they paid divi-
employers. dends to escape the tax, they would
have no "cushion" to last them
through the lean years. Without
Strik Tremore ado, experts included a "cu-
Editorial workers on William Ran- shion" provision in the bill they were
dolph Hearst's Wisconsin News (Mil- framing.
waukee) continued their strike for The stock exchange, after consid-
higher wages. Picketing was carried erable alarm at the announcement
on extensively and strikers assured of the proposal, reacted favorably as
that they have the money necessary stocks climbed steadily. There was,
to carry the strike on indefinitely. as usual, a bountiful crop of Re-
Even Socialistic Milwaukee paid lit- publican criticism.
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