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October 03, 1935 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-10-03

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Il Duce Fires I
His Nation On
Eve Of Conflict:
Dictator's Talk Aimed At
League; Says All Italy
Ready ToFight
(Continued from Page 1)
actually wanted to bring sanctions
against Italy but, he warned:
"To sanctions of an economic
character, we shall respond with the
spirit of discipline, with sobriety, and.
with sacrifice. To measures of a mili-
tary order, we shall respond with
measures of a military order. Toy
acts of war, we shall respond withj
acts of war."
He declared that the Allies had
given Italy only "the crumbs of the
sumptuous colonial booty for the
others," at the end of the World War.
Finally he shouted: "Fascist Italy
- arise!"
He was heard by millions of Fas-
cists in uniform who, thrilled by the
knowledge that war with Ethiopia
might be imminent, massed in every
city and village at a sudden call of
Il Duce, in the light of huge flam-
ing oil pots, spoke into a microphone
on the balcony of Venezia Palace.
He told his listeners that he did not
believe "Real French" or "Genuine
British" would execute sanctions
against Italy.
He declared: "A solemn hour is
about to break in history.''
Mussolini spoke 15 minutes. His
gestures were broad and emphatic.
He spoke slowly, shouting every word
with wide open mouth and with a
snap of the jaws.
Discussing sanctions - the punish-
ment of aggressor nations under the
League of Nation Covenant - he de-
"We will not pretend. To eco-
nomic sanctions, we will reply with
the discipline of our people. To mili-
tary ones ,we will reply with military
British Troopst
Said To- Be Set

Ht erica to Leaves Bimini Island Desolate

-Associated Press Photo.
Some idea of the havoc wrought on tiny Bimini island, 45 miles east
of Miami, Fla., when a tropical hurricane roared over it, is shown
graphically in this picture. All of the 610 inhabitants escaped with their
lives but the fishing camp buildings were flattened by the devastating
Radio Studios To Have New
Sound Recording E(uipment

7 Committees
Are Appointed
For Alpha Nu
Annual Freshman Smoker
Scheduled Wednesday;
New Men Are Invited
Seven major Alpha Nu commit-
tees were named last night by Paul
Von Bergen, '37, president of the
honorary speech fraternity, as the
oldest society on the campus mapped
its program for the year.
Chairmen of the committees are:
Joseph Walsh, '38, finance; George
Sipprel, '36, legislative; Richard G.
Hershey, '37, publicity; Ralph Dana,
'36L, debate; Frank Aldrich, '37, pro-
gram; Earl Nelson, '37, membership;
and Frank Lapick, '38, social.
Officers of the speech fraternity,
which is affiliated with Kappa Phi
Sigma, national society, are Von Ber-
gen, president; Sipprel, vice-presi-
dent; John Bannister, '36, secretary;
and John Patterson, '37, treasurer.
Discussing their program infor-
mally;,members agreed to hold their
annual freshman smoker next Wed-
nesday night: at their room on the
fourth floor of Angell Hall. All
freshman are invited to the meeting,
Von Bergen said. A faculty member
who is an Alpha Nu alumnus is ex-
pected to be the speaker.
Later in the year, the speech so-
ciety will debate whether or not to
remain in Kappa Phi Sigma, Von
Bergen declared.
In the main, the speech program
of Alpha Nu will consist of inter-
fraternity debates as well as debates
with other speech societies, Von Ber-
gon pointed out. The series always
includes one or two humorous de-
bates. Last year Alpha Nu debated
Zeta Phi Alpha, women's speech so-
ciety, on the question: "Resolved,
that blondes prefer gentlemen."
Graduate Students
Given Scholarships
Three $500 scholarships have been
awarded to the following graduate
students: John O. Drake, Wayne,
Neb., John Henry Moore, Bowling
Green, O.; and Mrs. Minna Faust, De-
troit, who is a re-appointee from last
Mrs. Krassovosky and Mr. Russel
W. Splaine, both of Ann Arbor, re-
ceived $150 apiece. They will all do
research work on the Michigan Juve-
nile Delinquency Information Ser-
Marshall Levy has been appointed
director of the program of the Ann
Arbor Boys Guidance Project, which
is a follow-up of the experiment with
the children who attended the Michi-
gan Fresh Air Camp this summer.

For Transfer

Eden Is Silent On Talk
About Sending Army To
African War Center
LONDON, Oct. 2. - WP) -Reports
from Bombay that the British army
in India was preparing for eventu-
alities in Africa went undenied today
by the government as the cabinet met
to discuss the Italo-Ethiopian situa-
tion with Anthony Eden, British
spokesman at Geneva.
The British army strength in In-
dia is approximately 60,000 troops.
The reports said plans have been
made quietly for the quick transfer
of large contingents of troops to
Bombay for embarkation to East Af-
rica in case of war.
Officers have made plans, the re-
ports continued, for concentration of
the forces in British territory near
Ethiopia, where the strain of the
Italian campaign is expected to be
Following the cabinet meeting, Ed-
en hurried to the Foreign Office to
re-enter a conference of officials
preparatory to his return Thursday to
The procession of important cabi-
net members to Buckingham Palace
continued as signs everywhere point-
ed to increased martial activity in
view of the expected outbreak of
Italo-Ethiopian hostilities shortly.
Sir Samuel Hoare, foreign secre-
tary, and Viscount Halifax, war min-
ister, conferred with King George
before the cabinet meeting. Great
significance was attached to the vis-
its in informed circles.
Authoritative quarters confirmed
reports that Britain's arms embargo
against Ethiopia might be lifted al-
most simultaneously with the out-
break of Italo-Ethiopian hostilities.


Announcement of some sound re-
cording equipment to be installed
next week in the University's radio
studios was made today by Prof. Wal-
do Abbot, director of the radio sta-
"This equipment," said Prof. Ab-
bot," will be used in connection with
the broadcasting service of the Uni-
versity. The advantages of such
equipment can readily be seen, and
we are going to make records which
can be sent to alumni associations
throughout the country. These rec-
ords will carry personal messages
from the faculty members of the Uni-
versity besides carrying special rec-
ords by the glee-club and the band."
Professor Abbot believes that it
will have much influence on alumni
groups. It will enable those groups
which are far away to hear voices of
faculty members known in college
days and they can request talks from
any member of the family, he said.
Uses For Transcriptions
Some of the University radio pro-
grams will also be sent to the north-
ern peninsula, where the programs
cannot be picked up direct because of
the ore deposits which interfere with
good reception.
Other stations have already re-
quested "electrical transcriptions" of
many of the University's programs,
and the University of Tennessee was
the first other school to ask for this
type of program.
In addition to the value to the
broadcasting service, the equipment
will be used by many of the other
departments of the University. "This
will enable students in speech defect
classes and in phonetics to note the
improvement in their speech," said
Professor Abbot. "Each student will
maketa recording, which is the only
way to hear oneself talk, at the be-
ginning of the year and again at the
end of the year and thus will have a
permanent record of his improve-
ment," he said.
The School of Music also intends to
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use the equipment. It is intended that
whenever famous artists play or sing
original compositions, recordings will
be made and thus a permanent rec-
ord of the performance will be had.
Orchestras will be able to improve, for
upon listening to the recordings of
their playing they can note the de-
Will Keep Library
"It is anticipated that a library of
the recordings of famous personages
and of faculty members will be kept,"
continued Prof. Abbot. "Imagine
what a distinct advantage it would
be for reunion purposes if we had a
record of James Burrow Angell," he
It is also intended that the French
department will use the recordings in
an attempt to better the pronouncia-
tion and understanding of the lang-
The records are made of acetate
with an aluminum base. "These are
better than the ordinary of alumni-
num records," asserted Professor Ab-
bot, "for they are more durable and
do not require a special type of


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Ancient, primitive man used his eyes
almost entirely out-of-doors, in the day.
Eyes were developed for Now we use eyes for close time, under very high intensities of light
distance seeing seeing -intensities hundreds of times greater
than we find indoors today. When the sun went down, he went to sleep. And he used his
eyes for distant, not close seeing-hunting, fishing, looking at large objects. Eveni in Abra-
ham Lincoln's time very few people studied or sewed or read far into the night as we do.
Eyes were developed for bright light Today we work under low brightness
Modern civilization has completely changed all this. We have lightly tossed aside the fact
that our eves were in the process of developing for hundreds of thousands of years-develop-
ing for distance seeing under tremendous quantities of natural daylight. In the last few
centuries we have taken liberties with all four of nature's principles-distance seeing, lots
of light to aid our eyes, a relatively short day, and easy visual tasks. Instead, we have
substituted close-seeing indoors, extremely low levels of lighting, a much longer day,
W I l abnormally severe visual tasks.




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Sectional Views of
round and square leads.
Those round or square
leads shown in diagram
fit the same pencil.

Nature's plan was a short day Man's day extends into the
Grade school students............
College students................
40 years.........................
60 years.......................

The eye is a wonderful organ! But is it
any wonder that there are so many people
with defective eyes? Here are the latest
figures for damaged eyesight among
people of varying ages:


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In the process of seeing there

are three

1. T1E VISUAL TASK-We cannot
change our visual tasks. The act of
liuing imposes certain visual tasks and
our jobs require others.

Primitive tasks were easy on Today's tasks involve fine
the eyes details

2. THE EYES-A wonderfully exact science has been developed for correcting
eye defects with glasses. For defective eyes, there are no substitutes for the
1 nr...n a l . . artn-e- o ic

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