Varying cloudiness, possibly
lo:'al snows today; tomorrow
generally fair, continued cold.
uwm . Air
. Fraternity Presidents
Have A Job .. .
The Land Of
The Free .. .
VOL. XLVI No. 94 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1936
PRICE FIVE- CENTS
Slosson's History 92 Tops Off Best
Courses' To Be Given Next Semester
Black Shirts Participate In
Largest Battle Of War,
Reuters Dispatch Says
Italian Leaders Meet
For Crucial Session
Fascist Editorial Claims
Blockade Of Italy Would
Mean European War
(By The Associated Press)
The "annihilation" of the northern
Italian army by Ethiopian warriors
was reported Saturday in a Reuters
News Agency dispatch from Dessye.
It was said the Italians, under Gen-
eral Diamanti, were defeated in the
largest battle of the war and that
the famous Black Shirt division, "28th
of October" participated in the en-
Fascism's highest leaders gathered
in Rome under Premier Mussolini for
a crucial meeting of the Grand Coun-
They came together shortly after
Il Duce's own newspaper said in an
editorial that a blockade of Italy is
possible and that such a step by sanc-
tionist nations would mean a Euro-
Emperor Haile Selausie sought to
bulwark his southern armies, report-
edly falling back before the hard-
driving Italian motorized columns.
He dispatched two experienced
campaigners, Dedjazmatch Gabre
Mriam, minister of the interior, and
Dedjazmatch Baltcha to the south to
aid in the fighting. Rumors that the
Emperor had withdrawn his son-in-
law, Ras Desta Demtu, from the
southern command were denied in
MUSSOLINI ADDRESSES COUNCIL
ROME, Feb. 2.- (Sunday) - (R)-
Premier Mussolini spoke for two hours
on the Italian political and military
situation at a session of the Fascist
Grand Council which closed early
The meeting of the Fascist leaders
' came after Italians had read a warn-
ing in Il Duce's own newspaper that
"Italy will defend herself with teeth
and nails. She has long been pre-
pared for any eventuality."
An official communique concerning
the meeting of the Grand Council
which adjourned until another session
Feb. 4, gave no indication that any
imp ortant decision had been taken.
The brief communique did not go
into the, nature of the council's dis-
cussion, but the fact that Mussolini
spoke at such length was taken as an
indication that the Council thor-
oughly threshed over Italy's position.
Although the announcement did
not mention the possibility of a block-
ade of Italy by sanctionist nations,
in reliable quarters the belief was ex-
pressed that this had been discussed.
Art Pro rams
A unique program including art,
poetry and music, to be given every
Friday night at Lane Hall during
the second semester, was announced
yesterday by Janet M. McLould,
'37SM, of the music committee dif the
Student Christian Association. The
first in the series will be presented at
8:15 p.m. Friday, Feb. 21, in the Up-
per Room of Lane Hall.
The programs will attempt to
bring students into contact with the
beauty in poetry, music and art. An
effort is being made, Miss McLoud
said, to remove the formal, program-
matic element from these presenta-
tions. The room will be lighted only
by a grate fire, and the performers
will be hidden from view. The pro-
grams are to be known as "Mom-
ents of Beauty."
The committee will welcome all
students on these occasions. Any-
one desiring to have a favorite work
performed or displayed is urged to
leave a request at Lane Hall. The
committee will endeavor to fill all re-
quests and will use, if possible, all
original works submitted.
By MEDWICK WARNER, JR. I men, but comers!" adding that "both
Next to the worries of examinations,Davis and Preuss approach their sub-
the questions of elections for next Ijects from a definitely proletarian
semester must be plaguing certain viewpoint."
students at the present moment, o
will be soon. With this in mind, Th
D aily has conducted a survey, asking
certain students for their opinions of
the most interesting courses they had
taken in the University, and the pro-
fessors from whom they have ob-
tained the most benefit.
Only the first choices of the stu-
dents questioned were listed, so that
the resulting list should contain, as a
result, no bores, no "pipes," and in-
tentionally none of the elementary
The course most frequently named
by the students questioned was Prof.
Preston W. Slosson's History 92, Eu-
rope since the World War, together
with its companion course, 91, Eu-
rope from 1870 to the World War,
'which, however, is given only in the
first semester. Of these courses, one
student remarked: "I think they are
the best of Professor Slosson's courses,
and any lecture course from him is
excellent . . . in his lectures he makes
you conscious of the stream of human
events right down to the present."
A second favorite was Assistant
Dean Wilbur R. Humphreys' Bible
course, officially known as English 147
and 148: The English Bible, Its Lit-
erary Aspects and Influence. One
student who recommended this course
said, "The approach to the Bible is
neither pedantic nor religious; it is
discussed purely from its position in
the field of English Literature."
The Modern Novel, English 102,
taught by J. L. Davis, was also highly
praised by many of the students,
ranking along with Prof. Lawrence
Preuss' Political Science 181 and 182
-The History of Political Thought,
as a popular choice. One student
commented that they were "young
Here Feb. 18
Left-Wing Economist Will
Discuss Communist And
Scott Nearing, famous left-wing
economist and sociologist, will speak
on "The Way Out - Fascism or Com-
munism?" at 4 p.m. Tuesday, Feb. 18,
in Natural Science Auditorium under
the auspices of the National Stu-
Dr. Nearing recently returned from
an extended visit in Europe and the
Soviet Union, during which he ob-
served at first-hand the conflicting
political and social forces there.
Frequently a storm-center in the
educational world, he taught at the
University of Pennsylvania after tak-
ing his doctor's degree there in 1909,
then a professor at Swarthmore Col-
lege and the University of Toledo.
After the war, Dr. Nearing taught at
the Rand School of Social Science
and the Workers' School in New
From 1905 to 1907 he was secre-
tary of the Pennsylvania Child Labor
Commission ,and since then his books
treating of the child labor problem
have more than once served to arm
with facts those who have been fight-
ing for the elimination of child labor.
He has been a prolific writer and
speaker upon sociological and politi-
cal subjects. "Dollar Diplomacy,"
written in collaboration with Joseph
Freeman, is perhaps the best known
of his books. He has dealt with edu-
cational affairs in such works as "Ed-
ucational Frontiers," and with so-
ciology in "Wages in the United
States," and "Financing the Wage
Earner's Family." He has written
scores of brochures and pamphlets.
Several debates in which he has
met such political thinkers such as
Bertrand Russell and Prof. Edwin R.
A. Seligman of Columbia University
have been widely publicized.
Roger Baldwin, head of the Ameri-
can Civil Liberties Union, has said of
Dr. Nearing: "I venture to say that
Scott wearing is a better spokesman
for Communism and Soviet Russia
than the orthodox friends in con-
trol of the party."
Hearing Sought For
New Bankhead Bill
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. -- (RP) -
A drive to return the Bankhead Soil
r Anotherstudent praised Professor
Preuss' course highly with the follow-
ing words: "The course is especially
interesting because it enables the stu-
dent to interpret many of the modern
political movements and trace their
origins, and also gives him a some-
what skeptical viewpoint on many of
these 'new' political movements. Mus-
solini, for instance, goes back to
Machiavelli . . . it's one of the best
courses in the department."
English 125 and 188, two courses
in Browning given by Prof. Louis A.
Strauss, ranked as two of the most
Are Cause Of
Ice In Chesapeake Bay
Brings Fear Of Famine
CHICAGO, Feb. 1. -- (A) - Mine
owners in four states summoned dig-
gers to the pits today -regularly a
holiday - as February continued
January's voracious gulping of coal
Responding to the pleas of various
authorities, alarmed by the rapid dis-
appearance of supplies during Jan-
uary's record-breaking sub-zero wave,
collieries in parts of Illinois, Iowa,
Missouri and Alabama operated full
blast to catch up with unfilled orders.
Minimums equalling many of last
month were recorded today over wide
stretches of the northern states, with
Park Rapids, Minn., 6 below, the most
severe of the day. Zero temperatures
or lower prevailed as far south as
southern Iowa and West Virginia.
Fires claimed six additional lives.
A Bancroft, Ia., couple and their son,
and three small children of Jasper,
Ala., were the victims.
In ice-blocked Chesapeake Bay,
1,500 inhabitants of Tangier Island
faced a serious food shortage, a dir-
igible sent to investigate conditions
reported. The investigator said but
two days requirements of provisions
were available to the ice-bound com-
munity and that one case of pneu-
monia was found. Arrangements were
made to send supplies by plane.
Epstein To Talky
On 'Our Social
Dr. Abraham Epstein, executive
secretary of the American Associa-
tion for Social Security, will talk on
"Our Social Insecurity Act" Feb. 12 at
8 p.m. in Natural Science Auditorium,
it was announced yesterday.
Dr. Epstein is a member of various
security and unemployment commis-
sions, including President Roosevelt's
Committee on Social Security. He
has written several books, the best
known of which are "Insecurity, A
Challenge to America," and "Chal-
lenge of the Aged."
Born in Russia in 1892, Dr. Epstein
came to the United States in 1910
and received his naturalization pa-
pers in 1910. He attended the Uni-
versity of Pittsburgh and Columbia
University, and is editor of "Social
Security," the official publication of
the American Association for Social
popular advanced courses in the de-
partment, and several recommended
English 121: English Literature from
1798-1832, by Prof. Bennett Weaver.
Of this one student said "it's a
course for using the mind rather than
mere reading and memorizing. He
helps you use your mind yourself, in-
stead of pounding it in."
Prof. Louis I. Bredvold's English
177, English Literature from the Res-
toration to 1730, was characterized as
"an illumination of the classical
movement in English literature,
throwing a light on the modern class-
ical movement there." The course is
a first semester course, but has a
counterpart in 178, covering the pe-
riod from 1730 to 1789.
For composition courses in Eng-
lish, students recommended junior
composition from Arno Bader or Carl-
ton Wells, (English 87) and Creative
Composition (English 154) from Prof.
Roy Cowden or Prof. Erich Walter.
In the history department, in ad-
dition to Professor Slosson's courses,
students were especially interested in
History 133 and 134, from Prof. Ar-
thur L. Cross; Constitutional and Le-
gal History of England to Magna
Charta, which, they maintained, cover
the foundations of the institutions
embodied in almost every Occidental
government today, and History 143
and 144 by Prof. Lewis G. Vander-
Velde: Political and Constitutional
History of the United States, for an
understanding of our own govern-
Two other recommended courses
were Prof. Arthur L. Dumond's His-
tory 140: The United States in Recent
Decades, known to students as
"Roosevelt to Roosevelt," and History
132: History of the Near East, by
John W. Stanton.
In the political science department,
in addition to Professor Preuss'
(Continued on Page 8)
Fresno State College Man
To Deliver Six Research
Lectures, Lead Seminar
Dr. Charles E. Nowell, of Fresno
State College, will fill the position
of lecturer in history here next semes-
ter. He will take the place vacated
by Prof. Arthur S. Aiton, who is going
Professor Aiton has been appointed
as guest lecturer to fill the chair of
American history in the Center of
Graduate Studies at the University
During the next semester he will
deliver six research lectures, to be
published later, and will conduct a
seminar. The lectures will deal with
the subject of "America and the Fam-
Professor Aiton will leave Ann Ar-
bor about Feb. 15, and will probably
travel in England and Europe after
completing his work in Seville. He
will be a guest of the Spanish govern-
ment, which operates the university.
As the second educator from the
United States to be awarded this po-
sition, he will follow Prof. Clarence
Haring of Harvard, who served on
the Seville faculty in 1934.
Professor Aiton is a member of the
board of editors of the "tiispanic
American Historical Review," as well
as a member of the committee on
research in Latin-American relations.
Minnesota 42, Ohio State 21.
Purdue 59, Chicago 16.
'Real Story' Is
Illinois Prison Chief Starts
Questioning Of Inmates
Of 'Pride' Cellhouse
Bowen Thinks Day
Alibi Not Plausible
Co-Slayer Of Franks Boy
Said To Be Helpless Due
To EarlyHand Cuts
JOLIET, Ill., Feb. 1. --(P) -The
"real story" of Richard Loeb's death
in Stateville Penitentiary was sought
today by the chief of Illinois prisons,
Director A. L. Bowen, of the depart-
ment of Public Welfare, under orders
to "get the facts."
Bowen began questioning inmates
of cellhouse C in the big oval peni-
tentiary, pride of the prison system.
He was convinced, he said, that the
story of Loeb's killer, convict James
Day, was "not plausible."
He saidthe was inclined to agree
with the theory of State's Attorney
Will R. McCabe, of Will County, also
conducting an investigation, that the
killing was "deliberate murder."
Both pointed to the wounds inflict-
ed upon Loeb, who was slashed 56
times with a straight-edge razor, and
said Loeb's hands were apparently cut
early in the fight, so that he was help-
"Who first had the razor?" was the
question Bowen posed for himself as
he began calling Cellhouse C's in-
mates before him.
Day, claiming he killed Loeb in self-
defense, told the prison psychiatrist
that Loeb had the razor and menaced
him with it. They fought in a
cramped, steamy shower room.
"There are 300 inmates in Cell-
house C," said Bowen. "Someone
there will know the truth about the
The weapon was contraband, not
even trusties being allowed to possess
anything more formidable than a
Meanwhile, a third investigation
was conducted by Warden Joseph Ra-
gen, who did not make public his
findings, except to say that several
buckets full of knives and other wea-
pons had been taken from prisoners.
The warden denied that any favors
had been accorded to inmates.
While members of the Legislature
demanded another and exhaustive in-
vestigation of prison conditions in
general, Gov. Henry Horner ordered
Bowen to "get all the facts and spare
McCabe quoted Day'as saying, "I've
told my story. I've got a lawyer. I
will talk no more until we go to court.
I'm standing on my constitutional
rights." Nathan Leopold, Loeb's part-
ner in crime, also refused to answer
Edward Skeplowski, Loeb's cell-
mate, told McCabe that "Loeb never
had a razor." Bowen said he be-
lieved that Day was the one who had
the razor and that he "initiated the
date" in the shower room where Loeb
was slain in a frenzied battle.
Plans Made For
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. - (7) -
The United Mine Workers of Ameri-
ca directed their executive council
today to chart the course for the
union's fight for a "social justice"
amendment to the United States con-
As a substitute for 23 resolutions
calling for abolition of the Supreme
Court, curtailing the court's powers
and amending the Constitution to re-
solve any doubt as to the validity of
such measures as the Guffey Coal
Act, the union convention gave the
executive council "discriminatory au-
thority" on constitutional issues.
Earlier in the week, the convention
approved its officers' report favoring
an amendment which would insure
that "social justice" legislation would
remain on the statute books.
Endorsement of President Roose-
velt's candidacy for reelection and a
decision to contribute to the Demo-
cratic campaign fund were other high
spots of the day's single session.
John L. Lewis, president, empha-
sized that the union was "not en-
Prof. O.J. Campbell
Ends 15 Years As
A Student Favorite
Leaving For Columbia
PROF. o. J. CAMPBELL
By John Mackay
New York City Minister
Will Deliver Sermon In
Among the featured speakers at
the local churches today, the Rev.
John Mackay, D.D., of New York City
will deliver the sermon at 10:45 a.m.
in the Masonic Temple as part of the
First Presbyterian Church services.
The Rev. Mackay's sermon will follow
the regular meeting of the Westmin-
ster Forum at 9:45 a.m. Dr. William
P. Lemon will lead the discussion sec-
tion of the Westminster Guild, which
meets at 5 p.m.
Dr. Charles W. Brashares will talk
on "How to Spend Your Life" at
10:45 am. in thedFirst Methodist
Church. Miss Mildred Sweet will lead
the discussion on "Today's Challenge
to Christian Youth" at 6 p.m. in
The service at the First Baptist
Church begins at 10:45 a.m. with al
sermon on "If Ye Love Me," followed
by the Communion Service. The
Roger Williams Guild .will meet at
6 p.m. in the Guild House to hear Mr.
Chapman speak on "How to Become
Holy Communion at the St. An-
drew's Episcopal Church will be at
8 a.m. The Rev. Henry Lewis will de-
liver a sermon at 11 a.m. The Rev.
Frederick W. Leach will be the speak-
er at the student meeting at 7 p.m. at
A series of sermons on crime will
begin today in the Unitarian Church.
At 5:30 p.m. the Rev. H. P. Marley
will speak on "War on the Bounty"-
Investments Will Tell." On Feb. 9 the
second talk will be on "Murder by
Proxy-Gangsters and the State."
Service at the Congregational
Church begins at 10:30 a.m. The Rev.
Allison Ray Heaps will give a sermon
on "Parable of Duty-the Bondser-
vant." Prof. Preston W. Slosson of
the history department will lecture on
"American Men of Action.,
Clinic Tests Show
With tests in the dental clinic of
the University dental school only
eight to 10 per cent successful, Dr.
Paul H. Jeserich, professor of opera-
tive dentistry, stated last night that
the Hartman "desensitizing" anes-
thetic was only a good obtundent and
not the panacea claimed in advance
A statement in Time magazine that
possible error might have crept in by
mixing the solution according to vol-
ume rather than weight was dis-
claimed by Dr .Jeserich wh sid that
Drama Authority Leaves
Soon To Take Up New
Duties At Columbia
For Men 'Real Need'
Fraternities Must Mature
Or Die, Is His Belief;
Says 'It's Up To Them'
By FRED WARNER NEAL
With a plea for men's dormitories,
a challenge to Michigan fraternities,
a smile, and a sigh-slight, benign Os-
car James Campbell, Jr., prepared last
night to end his 15-year career as a
professor of English here and take
up his new duties at Columbia.
Professor Campbell, who came here
from the University of Wisconsin in
1921, is one of the most beloved pro-
fessors on the campus, as well as one
of the foremost authorities in
Shakesperean literature and drama in
the United States. Indicative of the
high regard in which his classes hold
him was the loud and almost inter-
minable applause his Modern Drama
section gave him yesterday morning.
Beaming, he facetiously told the
class he might give an encore.
Professor Campbell will give a final
examination here Tuesday, leave that
night for New York City, and begin
teaching at Columbia Wednesday
The greatest need in the University
today, Professor Campbell asserted
yesterday, is men's dormitories. "The
bad living conditions of men have had
The editors of The Daily wish
to say that in their opinion Prof.
0. J. Campbell exemplifies "the
best of the best" in the teaching
field. We regret indeed that Pro-
fessor Campbell is leaving the
University, and our advice, which
we give with the sanction of Pro-
fessor Campbell, is this:
If you're in New York City, call
him up. An evening at the theatre
with Professor Campbell is very
likely to prove even more enlight-
ening and enjoyable than his
classes, which we have found far
as detrimental an effect on the char-
acter of men here as the dormitories
have had a good effect on the char-
acter of women," he said. Professor
Campbell said he believed in many
instances students were deterred
from coming here because of the lack
of housing facilities.
Although Professor Campbell said
that the intellectual level of individ-
ual students has risen notably in re-
cent years -especially since the de-
pression --he pointed to the decline
in the intellectual level of University
Favors Deferred Rushing
He admitted the desirability and
necessity of social life - fraternities'
- but he emphasized that "eventual-
ly the social groups must contribute
to the intellectual life of the Uni-
versity. If they don't become more
mature," he said, "they will die."
Half jokingly, Professor Campbell
stated his belief that "the future of
fraternities here is secure at least un-
til they get dormitories. After that
it is up to the fraternities them-
selves." He criticized houses on the
campus for their "fictious hearti-
ness," i.e. back slapping when it is
not meant, holding that it "smacks
He declared himself in favor of
postponed rushing, believing that
pledging should be deferred until
the sophomore year so that active
members might get better acquanited
with those they desire to pledge. The
ideal fraternity, as Professor Camp-
bell sees it, is one where there is a
real intellectual interest and ex-
change of ideas in addition to the
Pointing to the death of the Alpha
Delta Phi fraternity on the Yale
campus and the subsequent opening
of the house as a political club, he
declared that "what we need here is
Medical School Faculty Member
Takes Part In Ethiopian Conflict
According to a Reuter's dispatch
from Ethiopia appearing in a London
paper of Jan. 17, Dr. Andre John
Mesnard Melly, L.R.C.P., M.R.C.S.,
and F.R.C.S., a former member of
the Medical School faculty, had a
great part in the rescue of a British
ambulance unit bombarded by Ital-
Dr. Melley, who prefers to be called
"Mr." despite his fame as a surgeon
and his many years spent in train-
ing, has been in Ethiopia since No-
vember. He is stationed in the town
of Dessye and has been in command
of a British ambulance unit in that
area which had been laid waste by
the Fascist airmen.
Dr. Melley was associated with the
University in 1932-33, when he served
as an instructor in surgery. He came
here after the arrangement by Dr.
Hubert Lodge, formerly of the Med-
ical School, whereby an outstanding
man in the St. Bartholomew's Hos-
pital was to come to the University
and to teach every few years.
Having attended Marlborough Col-
lege, a preparatory school, in 1911-16,
he took his medical work at Oxford
and at St. Bartholomew's Hospital in
London, one of the world's largest and