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February 01, 1936 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-02-01

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The Weather
Partly cloudy today and to-
morrow, snow flurries along
Lake Michigan.


Sfir igan


Radio Programs
See Page Two for Tonight's
Radio Programs.



Brbad Liberty
League Drive
To Be Pushed
Rump Democratic Ticket
May Follow Roosevelt's
Nomination In June
Landon Endorses
Farm Subsidy Bill
Mine Workers' Convention
Cheers Roosevelt, Hits
At Al Smith
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. - (P) -
Determinatioi to campaign relent-
lessly against the New Deal; regard-
less of party ties, was evidenced anew
tonight by bi-partisan leadership of
the American Liberty League.
Saying its membership approaches
75,000, Jouett Shouse, League presi-
dent, reported it ready for broad ex-
pansion of its activities "if such ex-
pansion seems wise." He asserted at-
tempts by the President to "damn"
the organization were "striking evi-
dence of the need" for the League's
The words were widely construed
at the capital in the light of Alfred
E. Smith's notice at the organization's
dinner last Saturday that anti-Roose-
velt Democrat. would probably "take
a walk" if the June convention up-
holds the administration.
Democratic Bolt Seen
Speculation recurred as to whether
he and other party leaders joined in
the League might be planning an in-
dependent ticket in pivotal states or
possibly to support a Republican. The
general inclination was not to expect
a final answer until both party plat-
forms are known.
The Shouse report, endorsed unani-
mously by the League's executive
committee and advisory council when
presented last week, reviewed activ-
ities since August, 1934, and read:
"Fortunately now the people have
awakened. Fortunately a large part
of them have begun to understand
the insidious and dangerous thing
that was being accomplished under
the guise of relief and recovery * *
The sanity of America is beginning
once more to control."
Kncx Hite New Deal
It climaxed another politically
eventful day. Developments includ-

Scholastic Records Important
To Employers, Report Shows
More Than 7,000 Requests He was applying for the position of
Made For Transcri ts garbage collector.
The form received by every stu-
Every Year dent in the summer showing his en-
________tire record is not an official tran-'
By RICHARD G. HERSHEY script, the report points out. These
The records made by the students are merely photostatic copies, and
while in collegedo count for some- are not signed and sealed by the Reg-
thing when applying for a job anditrrmang he dsiilro
are being demanded more and more those sent to business houses and
by business men considering grad- companies.
uates for jobs, the annual report of The entire work of making tran-
the Recorder's office to the Regents scripts is assumed by the Recorder's
shows. division of the Registrar's office, and
During the school year of 1934-35 the great increase in demand for such
alone more than 7,000 requests for records, in addition to making the
official student transcripts, signed 9,000 photostaticcopies for the stu-
and sealed by the Registrar, were aent body, has greatly increased the
supplied to business men and to cor- load of this division.
porations. This represents an in- Assistants Work Hard
crease of 25 ppr cent over the pre- The Recorder's Division of the of-
ceding year and an increase of 100 fice last year handled the current
per cent in the last six years. records of approximately 8,000 stu-
percenin h es siy, dents with a working staff of five
Demand Rises Rapidly full-time and one half-time assist-
According to the Recorder's report, ants, together with four part-time
the demand for official transcripts of student assistants. This means, on
the college record of the graduates the average, a load of approximately
has risen rapidly since the pre-de- 1,100 student records per full-time
pression days of 1929. "Now an of- assistant, and in most offices from
ficial transcript is required by em- 400 to 600 records is considered a
ployers and other business men who normal load for one assistant, the
are considering Michigan graduates report says.
almost as a passport is required in It appears that final exams ap-
Europe," the Registrar writes. proaching are dreaded not only by
Corporations, business houses, the students but the Registrar's of-
chain stores, and bonding houses fice as well.

write for most of the official records.j
If any student wants to borrow mon-
ey or handle large sums of money,
practically in all instances the record
of the man is looked up.
During the depression when some
of the graduates were unemployed
social investigators looked up the
records of those who were listed on
the rolls, the report states.
Great Variety In Requests
Chain stores require that all men
who are applying for position in-
clude their complete college report
with their application, and special
provisions in the application state.
that such records will be taken into
Formerly, the Registrar states,
most official transcripts were used by
students transferring to another
school, or as supporting credentials
with applications f a teacher's cer-
tificate, or a medic 1 certificate, or
admission to the bar.
There is such a great variety of
requests from various sources that
tometimes requests for such tran-
scripts approach the humorous. The
Registrar cites a case where the city
police force in one of the largest cities
in the world wrote the office request-

Governor Landon of Kansas pro- ing a transcript of a former student.1
heeded with "making his record" on
farm relief. After conferring with f
Representative Hope of Kansas here Long'sbW idow
by telephone from Topeka, he en-
dorsed° the wheat, cotton, corn-hog, re1
cotton subsidy bill introduced by Hope W ill Take His
yesterday as one that would not re- .
quire "an extensive bureaucracy to 1
administer." Seat In Senate,
Col. Frank Knox of Illinois, also an "__
outstanding possibility to head the BATON ROUGE, La., Jan. 31. -
G.O.P., at Dayton, O., reiterated that B- ORs UE .L a., Jadow.o-01he
the New Deal was out to "capture"- Mrs. Huey P. Long, widow of the1
watpivatewDbausesshabuiltr late Senator, late today was appointedt
wh private usMiness has to serve his unexpired Senate term
The United Mine Workers conven- by Gov. James A. Noe.
tion here gave the President an ova- The appointment resulted from the
tion when asked by Edward F. Mc- death this week of Gov. O. K. Allen,f
Grady, assistant secretary of labor, an associate of the late senator, who
whether they supported him. "Let had been nominated for the unex-
that be the answer to the money- pired term.
bags of Wall Street," he shouted. Mrs. Long had shown little interest
-in politics during the long and tur-C
aabulent political career of her hus-C
.rc 1.L M de Cband.
Two women will sit in the United
New Deadline States Senate for the first time in his-
tory when she takes her seat there.
Senator Hattie W. Caraway, who
F or Li enses also succeeded her husband, is the
L clone woman member at present.
Informed in New Orleans of the
LANSING, Jan. 31. - The time for appointment, Mrs. Long said "that'sj
purchase of 1936 automobile license fine. That's very fine." She did not+
plates was extended to March 1 to- comment further.
day by Secretary of State Orville E. Governor Noe, who became Louis-+
Atwood. ina's chief executive upon the death
In making the extension, which is of Allen, predicted the Democratic
the limit permitted by law, Secretary state committee would also designate
Atwood said he was avoiding driving Mrs. Long for the unexpired terma
"a half-million cars from the high- when it meets, Feb. 5.
ways." At least one third of the auto- The appointment covers the interim'
mobile owners in the State have failed between the present date and the
to purchase the new plates, he said. general election in April when the
This is the second extension of committee's designation would be ef-
time, the deadline for purchase of fective.

Exam Question
Racket Brings
17 Suspensions
Students Secured Copies
Of Questions And Sold
Them AtChapel Hill
CHAPEL HILL, N. C., Jan. 31.- (/')
- A reported "highly organized"
racket whereby a small coterie sup-
plied advance copies of examination
questions and prepared themes for
fixed charges, is involved in the in-
vestigation of cheating being made
at the University of North Carolina,
it was diclosed today.
Announcement that 17 students
have been suspended was made last
night by Jack Pool, president of the
student body. Charges are pending
against 10 or 12 others.
Examination questions at the uni-
versity are prepared by the professor
some days in advance of the test
and are turned over to the university
duplicating deparment so that each
student taking the examination may
receive an individual copy.
The organizers of the reported
"racket" were asserted to have ar-
ranged to secure copies from the dup-
licating department and to have sold
the list to various students.
In addition to the organizers of
the "racket," students alleged to have
taken advantage, of the system have
been brought under charges.
Although no names have been an-
nounced by the student council, it
was learned that several athletes are
among those who have been ordered
to appear before it. The percentage
of athletes, however, was said to be
no larger than normal in any group of
25 or so students.
Sarraut Wins,
Hu oe Majority
In First Test
PARIS, Jan. 31. -- (UP) - Premier
Albert Sarraut won a vote of confi-
dence, 361 to 165, on the first test of
his new government in the Chamber
of Deputies tonight.
The vote, resulting in a majority
far greater than even Sarraut's sup-
porters had claimed, followed a tu-
multuous debate in which Rightists
and Leftists shouted invectives at
one another.
Gen. Louis Felix Murin, the new
minister of war, was attacked for his
former connection with industries
supplying the government. Jean
Zay, under-secretary for the Premier
and a Liberal, was accused of once
calling the flag a "dirty rag."
The presence in the Socialist-sup-
ported Cabinet of Paul Thellier, min-
ister of agriculture, and Louis Nicolle,
minister of health, both big manufac-
turers, drew ironic barbs from the
Defibra ce Mitr&er

Launch Drive
To Pass New
Tax Program
$730,000,000 Sought By
Government To Pay For
Farm Relief, Bonus
Movement Growing
For Inflation Policy
Half Billion Will Be Needed
For New Farm Aid Plans,
Roosevelt Warns
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. - (') -
A drive to enact at this session a
new tax program, aimed at increasing
Federal revenues by around $730,-
000,000 to offset farm relief and bon-
us costs, was declared in high Ad-
ministration quarters today to be
under consideration.
Even as this word spread, however,
in inflation movement apparently
gained momentum in the House em-
phasizing the possible difficulties of
pressing new levies through Congress
in a canipaign year. Details of the
projected new revenue plan were
President Roosevelt nevertheless
put Congress definitely, if indirectly,
on notice that at least $500,000,000 in
new taxes would be needed for the
new farm program.
Conservation Action Planned
His notice coincided with the pro-
jection of plans by Senate leaders for
action next week on the two-year
soil-conservation subsidy bill to re-
place the AAA, and on huge approp-
riations to finance both that program
and the $2,249,000,000 soldier debt.
The President made his announce-
ment at a press conference. At the
same time, another high Administra-
tion authority let it be known that
consideration was being given taxes
to raise another $230,000,000 annual-
ly to amortizet the bonus through
1945, when the baby bonds mature.
House inflationists, meanwhile,
openly declared themselves encour-
aged by anti-tax bonus talk among
Democratic leaders.
Form Of Taxes Unknown
Just what form the new taxes
would take, no one professed to know.
The President himself said that the
details still were being studied.
It was generally believed, however,
that the farm taxes would be in the
nature of reenacted processing levies
under a new name - excise levies -
and possibly made retroactive to July
1, 1935.
House and Senate leaders obviously
were not eager to talk about bonus
tax prospects. Most said they
acknowledged a need for levies to re-
place the loss in revenue resulting
from invalidation of AAA processing
taxes, but added they had not been
consulted on the bonus angles.
Hopwood Winners
To Be Named Soon
Prize-winners in the freshmen
Hopwood Awards contest will be pub-
lished in the first issue of The Daily
of next semester, it was announced
yesterday by Carleton Wells of the
English Department.
The entries numbered 78, with
slightly fewer freshmen contributing
manuscripts because some turned in
entries for all three of the fields of
poetry, fiction and essay. Separate
totals were 26 in the poetry field, 35
in essay, and 17 in fiction.

Naval Powers
Will Exchange
Building Plans
Armament Race May Be
Stopped By Removing
Four Powers Seek
Help From Others
Cooperation Of Germany,
Japan And Russia Will
Be Requested
LONDON, Jan. 31. - () - The
four-power naval conference unani-
mously adopted a plan for annual
confidential exchange of their con-
struction programs today in a de-
termined effort to diminish the threat
of a world naval race.
Great Britain, the United States,
France and Italy then decided to
push as rapidly as possible toward a
general treaty on limitation of sizes
and types of ships and calibers of
The plan adopted today will be in-
corporated in that treaty. Then the
powers hope to get Japan, Germany
and Russia to agree later, by formal
signature and voluntary adherence,
to the conference agreement.
Indicating these hopes, the sum-
mary of today's action:
"Should these proposals receive
general acceptance by the naval pow-
ers, a great advance will have been
made in the removal of suspicion
which has had so strong an effect on
competitive buildingthat a contribu-
tion would be made to quantitative
(total) tonnage reduction in naval
armament throughout the world."
Japan, which withdrew from the
present conference, and other powers
will not be given information on
building programs unless they form-
ally sign the agreement.
The plan makes it possible for the
four powers to receive each others'
official construction program three
years earlier than now is the case.
Under the existing Washington and
London treaties, which expire at the
end of the year, information is ex-
changed after construction instead of
before. Each nation will announce
at the first of the year what con-
struction it will do during the follow-
ing 12 months.
[Blondes Preferred
Byg entlemen, But
Not By State Lads
EAST LANSING, Jan. 31.- The
boys up at Michigan State like 'em
tall, slim and dark.
At least this was the finding of
Prof. R. S. Linton of the State edu-
cation department today. He checked
100 men students here and the re-
sults revealed that the ideal college
man no longer prefers the widely pub-
licized blonde.
Appearing as a speaker on a lec-
ture series designed to improve the
manners of co-eds and their boy
friends, Professor Linton asserted that
"They prefer the tall, slim brunette
Other things the State men like
in their co-eds, he disclosed are:
A good dancer; attractively and
carefully dressed; fair and honest;
be prompt; possess a sense of human-
ness; have poise and charm; be in-
telligent; have social qualities and
femininity; and be able to control
her temper.


That's One Person's
Opinion Of Exams
Shades of NRA and AAA! An an-
onymous letter received by The Daily
reveals that only a test case before
our reactionary Supreme Court is
needed to prove the unconstitutional-
ity of the coming final examinations.
The letter cites six points which
might invalidate the finals:
1. For two entire weeks, indivi-
dual members of the faculty set them-
selves up as the supreme arbiters of
what is right and wrong.
2. The students' cherished con-
stitutional prerogative of striving to-
ward the pursuit of happiness is
hampered, abridged, and/or abrogat-
ed and removed.
3. Freedom of speech during the
examination period is most dictator-
ially removed, and an unconstitu-
tional silence is arbitrarily imposed
on the students.
4. The discontent and discord fo-
mented among the student body tends
to destroy our indestructible union of
indestructible states by encournging
5. In many cases students find it
impossible to petition their Lord Mas-
ters, the Teachers of this University,

20 Negroes In
Southern Jail
Die In Flames
Scottsboro, Ala., Scene Of
Tragedy Which Only Two
Inmates Survive
Cans Of Gasoline
In Cage Catch Fire

for redress of their grievances, which1
same impossibility of petition is un-
6. The power to examine is thet
power to destroy.{
So let the student pundits wrack
their worried brains, because while
there is life, there is hope.
Announce Two
New Lecturers4
In Economics
Prof. Knight To Conduct
Seminar, Prof. Lange
To Teach Statistics '
Appointment of Prof. F. H. Knight,
of the University of Chicago and Prof.
Oscar Lange of the University of
Cracow, Poland, as visiting lecturers
in the economics department for the
next semester was announced yester-
day by Prof. Howard Ellis of that de-
Professor Knight, who will conduct
a seminar on the price system, is in-
ternationally noted as an economist
and social philosopher, Professor El-
lis stated. Economic journals in this
country and in England have carried
numerous articles by him and he is a
contributor to the American Journal
of Sociology, Political Science Quar-
terly, and - International Journal of
Books by Professor Knight have
gained wide recognition. In 1921 the
Hart, Schaffner and Marx prize was
awarded his "Risk, Uncertainty, Pro-
fit." He has translated Max Weber's
"General Economic History" and
written eight leading articles for the
Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences.
As a mark of the esteem which
his students held for him, in No-
vember of last year, on the occasion
of his 50th birthday, the published
a collection of his essays under the
title, "The Ethics of Competition."
Frequently sought as a popular lec-
turer, Professor Knight is also dis-
tinguished as a member of the So-
cial Research Council and a former
Guggenheim Fellow. When he held
a fellowship in 1930 he studied at
first hand the workings of Fascism
in Italy and Austria.
Professor Lange, who with Profes-
sor Knight will temporarily fill the
vacancy left by the resignation of
Prof. Morris Copeland last week, has
been a frequent visitor to and lec-
turer in this country. He is at pres-
ent on leave of absence from the Uni-
versity of Cracow, and holds a Rocke-
feller Fellowship.
Here he will teach courses in sta-
tistics and the business cycle. Upon
' iese ;subjects the authorship of
books such as "Statistical Methods"
and papers on modern economic
theory and economic equilibrium has
amply qualified him, Professor Ellis
pointed out.
Munition Men Deny
Selling Bolivia Guns
NEW YORK, Jan. 31.-(A)-Four
individuals and representatives of
three corporations, indicted on
charges of violating the Arms Em-
bargo Act by running 15 machine
guns to Bolivia during the Chaco
War, pleaded innocent today before
Federal Judge Robert Patterson. Bail
was set at $2,500 for each defendant.
Those pleading innocent were:

Doors Of Motorized Cage
Locked, Cries Of Terror
Heard Too Late
SCOTTSBORO, Ala., Jan. 31. -(P)
- Trapped behind the locked doors
of a motorized cage, 20 Negro con-
victs were burned to death near here
today by flames from a gasoline con-
tainer accidentally set on fire.
All but two of the load of prison-
ers, huddled together to keep warm
in the five-above zero weather, per-
ished in the blazing truck.
It was near this Northeast Ala-
bama community that the Scotts-
boro case had its beginning five years
ago when a group of Negroes were
taken from a freight train and
charged with attacking two white
women on the train.
Guards Riding In Truck
The victims were burned beyond
recognition. Pending identification,
their names and records were not
Burned so seriously that they were
expected to die, were Paul Dawson,
of Demopolis, Ala., and John Stokes,
of Birmingham. They were rescued
by H. M. Middlebrook and C. R. Was-
son, white guards.
Middlebrook and Wasson were
burned on the hands and face as they
snatched the two prisoners from the
fire and rolled them in the snow be-
side the ice-glazed highway.
The guards were riding in the cab
of the transfer truck and flames en-
veloped the machine before they
could reach the locked door at the
Heard Men's Screams
The gasolineuexploded, throwing
the burning fluid over the panic-
stricken prisoners and cutting off
escape. Their frantic pleas for help
rose above the roar of the flames.
Middlebrook said that the truck
had been making slow progress be-
cause of the hazardous condition of
the highway and that its slipping and
sliding along the rough road appar-
ently caused some of the gasoline to
slosh out on the floor.
"The first time we knew anything
was wrong was when we heard the
Negroes shrieking in terror," he ad-
"As soon as I could stop the truck,
I dashed to the rear and unlocked
the door and attempted to pull them
out. Two near the door we could
save, but both were badly burned.
The rest could not be reached."
Survey Course
In Mathematics
Will Be Offered
A new course, designed to show the
general character and significance of
mathematics and to develop an ap-
preciation of the subject, will be given
by the, mathematics department the
second semester, it was announced
yesterday by Prof. Theophil H. Hilde-
brandt, head of the department.
"The subject of mathematics is
frequently looked on with disfavor,"
Professor Hildebrandt said, "because
it is considered uninteresting or dif-
ficult. This mistaken notion is easily
overcome as soon as the true nature
of mathematics is understood."
An appreciation of the significance
of mathematics will be acquired
through a survey of the fundamental
concepts and principles and general
methods of the field of elementary
mathematics, he said. Historical
sidelights and other descriptive mat-
ter will also be dealth with, he said.
"No attempt will be made, however,
to develop power and skill in solving
all types of problems, since such skills
may be acquired in the various sep-
arate cources now offered," Professor
Hilderbrandt said.

Ethiopian Troops
Bombed In North
ARMY AT MAKALE, Ethiopia, Jan.

Dr. Ruthven Begins To Take Up
Duties After Month's Vacation,

auto tags being Jan. 1, then Feb. 1.
and now March 1. The order came
from the state department while mil-
lions of motorists were jamming
branch offices in an effort to get in
under the previously set midnight'
time limit.
Secretary Atwood said today that
next year he will recommend :o the
legislature a deadline for the pur-
chase of automobile licenses of April
1, rather than Jan. 1.
The announcement in Ann Arbor

Conmninnists Fight
For Use Of School
SPRINGFIELD, Ill~, Jan. 31.-(P)-
Court action to test the right ofI
Communists to meet in a high schoolj
here on Lincoln's birthday seemed
certain tonight.
"Let them sue," was the rejoinder
of school board member F. C. Dodds

Although time perhaps passes al-
together too fast for students study-
ing for final exams, to President Al-
exander G. Ruthven, who is in the
University Hospital recovering from
a broken leg, time passes very slowly.
"You -know," the president said in
an interview, "they told me when I
first came here that the first three
weeks were the hardest. If you ask
me, the last two or three are, for
time certainly passes slowly here.
Don't ever break your leg."
During the early period of his con-
finement, Dr. Ruthven was allowed
to see no visitors and a telephone
which could be used for outgoing
calls only was installed in his room.
Immediately after Christmas vaca-
tion, his secretary was the only per-
son allowed in to see him.

ments in the afternoon, arranged for
those whose business is most urgent.
Certain other administrative duties
he takes care of himself, and his
small room at the hospital often
takes on the atmosphere of a crowd-
ed conference room.
Upon opening the door to Presi-
dent Ruthven's room, it seems more
like the display of an erector set in
the toy room of a department store.
Above the bed is a chromium plated
bar which runs the length of the bed
and directly down the middle of it.
From this bar is suspended a com-
plicated rigging of weights, pulleys
and chains, some hooked to the
splints on the broken limb and other
suspended merely to aid the patient,
in the changing of his position.
However, since Jan. 1, when he

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