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tical politics of our system, is able to enforce his
program is through various whips which he wields
over the legislative branch. It is, in many in-
stances, mainly because of these whips that
prompt action and efficient legislative action is
taken. One of the strongest of these influences
of the executive is patronage.
When civil service becomes a fact in Michigan,
our governor will no longer have any considerable
patronage; and as a direct result, his influence over
recalcitrant legislators will be reduced to an almost
negligible quantity. There will be a need, it seems,
to find something to replace patronage in our
political set-up. The British, with their much
older and more efficient civil service, get around
this difficulty by combining executive and legis-
lative powers. Under our system of strict separa-
tion of powers, such a thing is impossible. What
is the solution?
The answer to the problem is not a pressing
one. It is more important for the present to con-
centrate on accomplishing civil service. But when
we do get it, we will sooner or later, in all prob-
ability, be faced with the task of replacing patron-
age with something that will insure executive-
legislative cooperation.
sOthers See I J


"' ""7


The Conning Tower


A Washington

Pnblication in the Ptilletin is constructive notice to all nmmbers of the,
University. Copy received at the ofice of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.



Radio, You Public Servant, You'
The early morning breakfast cruise h
recently found
That its passengers want their orange ju
Music goes round and around.
The homemakers' class for newly weds be
basically sound
To start its course in making beds with
Music goes round and around.

as very
uice and
elieves it

The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this newspaper.sAll rights of
republication of all other matter herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor. Michigan as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier, $4.00;
by mail, $4.50.
Representatives: National Advertising Service, Inc., 420
Madison Ave., New York City; 400 N. Michigan Ave.,
Chicago, Ill.

Political forums for elderly gents, with both feet
on the ground,
Are certain the height of political sense is
Music goes round and around.
The Shoppers' Guide, for man and maid, is em-
phatically bound
That it may only be of aid if
Music goes round and around.


Telephone 4925

Weather flashes and news reports; police
too, are drowned
In the deep abyss of the trumpet snorts of
Music goes round and around.


Dorothy S. Gies Josephine T. McLean William R. Reed
Publication Department: Thomas H. Kleene, Chairman;
Clinton B. Conger, Richard G. Hershey, Ralph W.
Hurd, Fred Warner Neal, Bernard Weissman.
Reportorial Department: Thomas E. Groehn, Chairman;
Elsie A. Pierce, Guy M. Whipple, Jr.
Editorial Department: John J. Flaherty, Chairman; Robert
A. Cummins, Marshall D. Shulman.
Sports Department: William R. Reed, Chairman; George
Andros, Fred Buesser, Fred DeLano, Raymond Good-
"Women's Departm e : Josephine T. McLean, Chairman;
Dor'othy Briscoe. Josephine M. Cavanagh, Florence H.
Davies, Mario T. Holden, Charlotte D. Rueger, Jewel W.


Telephone 2-1214

Local Advertising, William Barndt; Service Department,
Willis Tomlinson; Contracts, Stanley Joffe; Accounts,
Edward Wohigemuth; Circulation and National Adver-
tising, Lhn Park; Classified Advertising and Publica-
tions, Lyman Bittman.
Lest We Forget,
Lest We Forget.. ..
T HIS WEEK the world lost a man it
could but little spare.
Gentle, noble, wise, interpreter of the ideals and
faith of the British people, Rudyard Kipling was
yet a citizen of the world.
Of his place in literature, we may say that Stev-
enson and himself, bringing a new fresh charm and
spirit to English literature, stand alone in the years
from 1880 to the end of the century. He was
master of several mediums: short story, novel and
poetry alike served him and he has left memorable
pieces of work in each form.
Though he may be said to be the spokesman
for imperial sentiments of Great Britain which no
longer, we hope, prevail, he was the same man
who, at forty-five received the Nobel award for
idealism in literature. There is no conflict in
these two positions. We may thrill at the British
achievements in India when we read of them as
Kipling saw them, though we can scarcely condone
them when we observe them in the light of honest
He was born in India in 1865. His life in Eng-
land is vividly portrayed in Stalky and Co. News-
paper work in India claimed him from the age of
seventeen until twenty-four, when he found that
his short stories and verse had made him a world
figure. From that time on, his strong stirring
Barrack Room Ballads and other expressions of the
'Tommy' type were created side by side with gentle
children's stories drawn from English history, as
Puck of Pook's Hill.
One of the most famous of his poems is Reces-
sional, which he sent to the London Times on the
occasion of Queen Victoria's second jubilee in 1897.
In it, we find the following plea for humility in a
time of national pride, especially apppropriate to-
The tumult and the shouting dies,
The captains and the kings depart:
Still stands thine ancient sacrifice,-
An humble and contrite heart.
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet,
Lest We forget -lest we forget!
Civil Service
For Michigan.. .
T HE SPOILS system in Michigan
appears doomed.
It does, at least, if the testimony of nearly a
score of politicians to Professor Pollock's State
Civil Service Commission is any indication. At the
hearing of Professor Pollock's commission we find
the surprising declaration on the part of men who,
have practiced patronage consistently that civil
service is the most crying need of the time. These
men - governors, labor leaders, legislators and
industrialists - told the commission their views
on the subject of civil service in a way that indi-
cated they had done serious thinking on the
problem. The governor is for it. It is almost sure
to pass the legislature.
Then what? We will have better administration
to be sure, and this alone more than justifies the,
need for civil service. A government cannot op-
erate efficiently when its personnel, from the de-
partment head down through the most lowly
file clerk and stenographer, changes with each
But good administration, under our particular
form of government, also depends upon coopera-
tion between the executive and legislative. Out-
standing proof of this is the antagonism between

Teacher's Oath
(From the Brown Daily Herald)
MASSACHUSETTS' teachers' oath law has pro-
duced its first fruit - a cross between a
crabapple and a lemon. The Legislature of that
state has successfully protected the students at
Tufts from the subversive propaganda that is
to be found in a geology lecture. Let us join with
the D.A.R. and Hearst, and rejoice.
Because President Cousens of Tufts was afraid
that the university's charter would otherwise be
revoked, he was forced to accept the resignations
of two professors heads of departments and well-
liked men among the faculty and student body.
The professors, Dr. Earl M. Winslow and Dr.
Alfred C. Lane, preferred resignation to signing
the oath of allegiance which state law demanded
of them.
These two men did not have any radical feeling
that estranged them from either the Federal Con-
stitution or the fundamental law of the State. No
one ever accused them of propagandist utterances.
Dr. Winslow describes himself as "hopelessly mid--
Victorian" in his economic and political views. Dr.
Lane has wont to lecture on calcite and haematite
and cryolite - subjects unlikely to corrupt the
youth of Massachusetts.
If this incident happened in Italy, we would
say: "See how the government throttles liberal
education" and we would be shocked. But because
the affair is the result of a law, passed with flag-
waving, and with a blare of trumpets at the insti-
gation of psuedo-patriots, too many will overlook
what these professors saw and what they rebelled
against. Compulsory patriotism, though backed
by a yellow press that gloats in its "Americanism,"
is interference with constitutional liberties and,
being characteristic of the dictatorships which
flag-wavers abhor, is truly "un-American."
U.S.C. Salaries
(From the Detroit News)
{1JICHIGAN STATE COLLEGE again is losing
out in the competition with other institutions
having better resources. Within the last few
weeks announcement has been made that 15
faculty members have resigned. They had offers
of better salaries elsewhere.
It has happened often before. In most of the
leading colleges of this type in the country are
men of outstanding ability and reputation who
got their training and came to prominence as
educators at Michigan State College. Michigan
is the, loser.
Salaries of the college faculty are fixed by the
State Board of Agriculture which will be in
session tomorrow. The question of better salaries
for MSC faculty probably will be discussed, but
up will come the perennial question, "Where can
we get the money?"
It is too bad that no authority seems to exist
to clean out some political jobholders from the
State government and to turn the saving for the
betterment of the State College. That not only
would effect a useful economy in managment of
State affairs, but it would yield to the people
of Michigan continually increasing benefits
through the services of one of the State's most'
useful educational institutions.
Test Of Patriotism
(From the Cornell Daily Sun)
THE EASE with which the soldiers' bonus meas-
ure passed in the House has evidently gone'
to the veterans' heads. The possibility that the
coming elections may have influenced the nation's
representatives in their fulfillment of the public's
wishes has not, apparently, occurred to the vet-
erans. Two of the major groups of ex-service
men are proceeding a full speed in a combined
drive to obtain greater rewards from the govern-
ment. The American Legion will shortly present
a bill demanding pensions for widows and orphans1
of ex-service men who died from non-service'
causes. The Veterans of Foreign Wars will i
demand a uniform pension law for veterans
of all wars.
The veterans' loyalty to the country at the
time of the World War is not to be questioned.
They supported the President's policy and fought
for the nation regardless of principle. Their

present loyalty, however, is to be questioned seri-
ously. The Bonus Bill, if passed, will put a large
hole in an already sieve-like treasury.' But the
patriots are not content to stop there. The pro-
posed pension measures, which are reported to
be "only a step from service pensions," will aid
considerably in the draining of government funds.
T- is ,rnnr. + hn I-Is rnn sn ,,-c off kmArinn,,

And I, the listener, ill with rage, with the com-
posers crowned
With the rolled up copy of every page of
Music goes round and around.
Of course, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt is new at
the column-and-diary profession or racket, and
one should not be too harsh, admitting that
such a thing is possible to one. In her yester-
day's "My Day," a United Feature Syndicate de-
partment running in the World-Telegram, she
tells of having tried to get, though not where, a
Chudder shawl for Colonel Howe, probably Louis
McHenry Howe. She tried at three places, un-
named, found that an effort would be made to
get the shawl. "Afterward," she wrote, "I went
to lunch at the Dutch Treat Club . . . Fortunately,
the program began with two very delightful
gentlemen who made you laugh, willy-nilly, no
matter how quaky you felt inside. Then for a
few minutes I forgot everything else exisited, as
a very lovely voice filled the room. Miss Fisher,
of the Metropolitan Opera Company, sang two
songs . . . Today she was on the other side of a
very charming gentleman, who, however, proved
quite a barrier to the questions I would have
liked to ask her." Well, well, who were the
delightful comics who willy-nillied the First Lady
into laughter? They were the radio team of Tom
Howard and George Shelton. Miss Fisher is
Miss Suzanne Fishers, but what two songs' did
she sing? And what questions would Mrs. Roose-
velt have asked Miss Fisher? And the charming
gentleman, who, etc.? Why, nobody but Clarence
Budington Kelland!
Mrs. Roosevelt added a postcript to the effect
that the Chuddar shawl had been found. By
whom? We are not her editor, but if we were
we'd say, "Get names."
Our question about the authorship of "Liberty
at the Crossroads" was answered too late on
Tuesday night for us to do anything about it.
It was the work of Henry Fisk Carlton, and it
was, in our opinion, a little less zippy than his
pool playing.
Hi! Sugar!
(HAVANA, Jan. 15 (P)-Thousands of cane-
field workers, humming tunes of tropical con-
tentment, unsheathed their machetes today
and started cutting Cuba's 1936 sugar crop.)
No longer are the workers glum;
No longer treasure they resentment,
HAVANA, Jan. 15-They're hum-
ming tunes of tropical contentment.
For the life of us we can't think of a tune
of tropical contentment typifying the happiness
of a sugar cutter. The best we can do is "Sweet
and Low." Or "Way Down Yonder in the
Weep No More
(From the New York Times)
Bernard R. Mullady, City Hall reporter for the
New York City News Association, was elected
president of the City Hall Reporters' Association
at its annual meeting yesterday.

WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. - Among
the I-told-you-so's of his political
souvenirs, "General" Jim Farley
might include his prophecy that the
campaign of 1936 was to be a rough-
and-tumble affair, with no holds bar-
red. Within hours, almost, he could
have pointed to his own contributions
as verifying his prediction. Such
phrases as "brigand" and "gangster"
bristled in his Tuckahoe, N. Y., re-
What has become of that cherubi-
cally cheerful Farley who so quickly
earned the title "Genial Jim" when
he took to national politics in '32?
There is the same hint of irritation
at criticism in Farley at Tuckahoe
as was detectable in President Roose-
velt's annual message and Jackson
Day address. The theme was the
same, but the Farley dressing of it
less restrained in language.
IOES this indicate that, harassed
by new constitutionality perplexi-
ties within and an increasing uproar
of criticism without, the New Deal-
ers, from the top down, are becom-
ing thin-skinned? That is what the
critics like to say about them; but
is it so, necessarily?
President Roosevelt, certainly, is an
old and tried campaigner. He has
smiled his way through some tough
spots, intra- as well as inter-party.
His smile and his blythe voice have
been major party assets.
That Roosevelt "charm" is the most
difficult thing for his political foes
to plan against. If the President
should be driven as this early stage
into angry instead of lightly mocking
tones to repel his critics, they would
certainly have gained something.
Y ET here is a difficulty that all ad-
ministration political warriors
face: Mr. Roosevlt has called for "no
retreat" upon New Deal policies. He
has sounded a bugle call for the at-
tack, not a mere rallying for defense.
And it fell to Farley's lot to be first
to open verbal fire under that always
preferred battle strategy.
Mr. Farley does not bear much
personal responsibility for the shape
of New Deal social and economic
mechanisms. Old fashioned politics
is his business. Only the dispute
about his post office bookkeeping in-
vites him to a personal defense.
His cabinet colleagues, with few'
exceptions, are not so 'placed. Each
has some attacked personal policy he
would like to defend. How they will'
nake an attacking defense remains
to be seen.

TUESDAY, Jan. 21, 1936
VOL. XLVI No. 81

Student Loans: There will be a
meeting on Tuesday, Jan. 28, at 1:30
in Room 2, University Hall. Students
who have already filed applications
with the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents should call there at once to
make an appointment to meet the
Sophomores, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Elections must
be approved in Room 103 Romance
Language Building in accordance
with alphabetical divisions listed be-
low. Failure to meet these appoint-
ments will result in serious conges-
tion during the registration period.
Please bring with you the print of
yoursrecord which you received last
Hours 10-12; 2-4 daily.
QR, Tuesday, Jan. 21.
S. Wednesday, Jan. 22.
TUV, Thursday, Jan. 23.
WXYZ, Friday, Jan. 24.
AB, Monday, Jan. 27.
C, Tuesday, Jan. 28.
DE, Wednesday, Jan. 29.
FG, Thursday, Jan. 30.
R. C. Hussey,
J. H. Hodges, Sophomore
Academic Counselors.
Phi Kappa Phi:, Three Graduate
Fellowships, each with a stipend of
$500 for one year, have been estab-
lished by the Honorary Scholastic
Society of Phi Kappa Phi. These
Fellowships will be administered in
accordance with the following regu-
The Phi Kappa Phi Fellowships
shall be awarded each year to mem-
bers of Phi Kappa Phi, each of whom
wishes to enroll as a candidate for
an advanced degree in a graduate
school in some American College or
University. A student registering in
a professional school such as Law or
Medicine is not eligible. Within
these requirements no restriction
shall be placed upon the field of work.
Those eligible to apply for one of
these Fellowships shall include mem-
bers of Phi Kappa Phi who, during
the year preceding the proposed grad-
uate study, were elected to member-
ship in the society as seniors.
To be eligible for consideration,
applicants for these Fellowships shall
be filed on or before the 15th of
March with the Secretary of the So-
ciety Chapter in which the applicant
was elected to membership, on blanks
prepared for the purpose.
In selecting the most worthy ap-
plicant, the National Committee of
Award, shall give primary considera-
tion to the applicant's promise of
success in graduate work as revealed
by previous scholastic record, testi-
monials from teachers and merit of
excellence of proposed plan of grad-
uate study.
The final awards shall be made by
the Committee and the successful ap-
plicants shall be notified by the Sec-
retary General of the Society not
later than June 1.
It is expected that those accepting
these Fellowships will devote their
full time to graduate study through-
out the academic year and will not
at the same time hold other remun-
erative scholarships or Fellowships,
nor any salaried position. This re-
striction will not be construed as pro-
hibiting the acceptance of a remis-
sion of tuition or other fees provided
no return service is required.
R. S. Swinton, Secy. 308
English Annex.
All Men Students: Students intend-
ing to change their rooms 'at the end
of the present semester are hereby
reminded that according to the Uni-
versity agreements they aretto inform
their landladies of such intention at
least two weeks prior to the close of
the semester, Friday, Feb. 14. It is
advised that notice of such intention
to move be made at once.
The Committee on Saturday Classes

will be in session in room 4 U.H. daily
January 20-24 from 2:30-3:30. It will
not hold sessions again until Wednes-
day, Feb. 12.
Applications will be received for
Earhart Foundation Scholarships for
the second semester not later than
Jan. 25. Eligibility for these scholar-
ships requies an average grade of not
less than "B," willingness to devote
one day per week in field investiga-
tion, registration in Sociology 206, a
Pro-seminar which' meets Monday
from 3-5.
Application blanks may be obtained
from the Sociology Department Offi-
ce, 115 Haven Hall.
Smoking in University Buildings:
Attention is called to the general rule
that smoking is prohibited in Univer-
sity buildings except in private offices
and assigned smoking rooms where
precautions can be taken and control,
exercised. This is neither a mere
arbitrary regulation nor an attempt
to meddle with anyone's personal
habits. It is established and enforced
solely with the purpose of preventing
fira 1t.-"r '. n i- f 1li -p fhar

by the throwing of a still lighted
match into refuse waiting removal at
the doorway. If the rule is to be en-
forced at all its enforcement must be-
gin at the building entrance. Further,
it is impossible that the rule should
be enforced with one class of persons
if another class of persons disregards
it. It is a disagreeable and thankless
task to 'enforce' any rule. This rule
against the use of tobacco within the
buildings is perhaps the most thank-
less and difficult of all, unless it has
the willing support of everyone con-
cerned. An appeal is made to all
persons using the University build-
ings - staff members, students and
others - to contribute individual co-
operation to this effort to protect
University buildings against fires.
American-Scandinavian Traveling
Fellowships: The American-Scandi-
navian Foundation will award to stu-
dents born in the United States or
its possessions a number of traveling
fellowships, each $1,000, for study in
the Scandinavian countries during
the academic year 1936-37. Appli-
cants must be graduate students, stu-
dents who will graduate in June or
younger faculty members. They must
be capable of original research and
independent study, and it is desirable
that they be familiar with at least
one language in addition to English
-preferably Swedish, Danish, or
Norwegian. The fields of study in-
clude science, literature, and other
subjects. For details call at the
Graduate School office. All applica-
tions must be in New York before
March 15.
Academic Notices
English 154: My section of English
154, Creative Writing, will meet in the
second semester on Tuesdays and
Thursdays at 10 o'clock in Room 403
Library. R. W. Cowden.
Aero. 6, Experimental Aerodynam-
ics: All students in this course should
leave a copy of their final examna-
tion schedule with Professor Thomp-
son beforeWednesday, Jan. 22. The
date for the final examination in
this course will be announced at the
lecture on Jan. 23.
Mr. Heneman's classes in Political
Science 51 and Political Science 81
will not meet on Tuesday, but will
meet as usual on Thursday.
Dr. Reinhold Niebuhr, Professor of
Applied Christianity at Union Theo-
logical Seminary, will speak tonight
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
at 8:00 p.m. on the subject of "Fac-
ing World Catastrophe." He will
appear under the auspices of the
S.C.A. and the Religious Education
Committee of the University.
Music Lecture: Canon E. H. Fel-
lowes, distinguished British authority
on music, will lecture on "Morley, the
British Madrigalist" in the School of
Music Auditorium, Maynard Street,
at 4:15 o'clock, Tuesday afternoon,
Jan. 21. The lecture is compliment-
ary to the general public, as well as
to music students.
Events Of Today
Sigma Rho Tau: Usual business
meeting at 7:30 at the Union. Proj-
ect speech finals will be held during
the meeting and the circles will com-
mence work on the coming confer-
ence debate contest.
Sigma Xi: The second meeting of
Sigma Xi for the current academic
year will be held in Room 2528, East
Medical Building at 7:30 p.m. Prof.
Leonard L. Watkins will speak on
Recent Developments in the Mone-
tary Situation. Refreshments will be
Economics Club: Mr. Sume Carlson
(Stockholm, Chicago) will address

the Club at 7:30 p.m., 302 Union, on
"Some Problems in the Theory of
Mathematical Club meets at 3201
Angell Hall, 8 p.m. Mr. D. K. Kazar-
inoff will be the speaker.
Scabbard a'nd Blade: The Scabbard
and Blade Ensian picture will be tak-
en at 8:00 p.m., at Dey's Studio,
State Street. Uniforms required.
Honorary and associate members
please be present.
Adelphi House of Representatives
meets at 7:30 p.m. Men will be nom-
inated for the offices for the second
semester. All members should be
Varsity Glee Club: Special rehears-
al for concert at 7:30 p.m. sharp,-
at Union.
Supper in honor of Reinhold Nie-
buhr: There will be a supper in hon-
or of Reinhold Niebuhr at 5:30 in the
Russian Tea room, Michigan League,
for those students who have pre-
viously made reservations.
Christian Science Organization:



Compulsory fingerprintng -or
fingerprinting requested with an
cation -has been accomplished

at any rate
or-else impli-
in some New

It is a strange paradox that al-
though the world's greatest composers
have spent much of their genius up-
on the production of chamber music,
and particularly the string quartet,
yet because of its finesse and the dif-
ficulty in obtaining true ensemble,
this music is perhaps the least known
of any of the forms of music.
It was the privilege last night of
the four gentlemen comprising the
Kolisch String Quartet to familiarize
Ann Arbor with three distinguished
works in quartet literature.
This type of music is generally con-
ceded to be the most pure and elevat-
ed form. When one thinks that all
the variety of effects of a full orches-
tra must be achieved by the use of
butt one family of that orchestra, and
that there is no program to aid the
mind of the listener, forcing the quar-
tet to substitute this stimulus subtle
effects to their own, one can readily
believe this statement.
The four instruments played to-
gether with exquisite balance and con-
trol, taking one back to the regime
of the Flonzaley Quartet. That or-
ganization, which played quartet mu-
sic exclusively, bound its members not
to play in orchestra or in solo concert
performances so as not to endanger
the perfect unity of effect which made
it famous.
Each of the works was character-
ized by such a thorough knowledge
of the music that one felt a divorce-
ment from notes and in their stead,
a kinship with true melody and har-
mony. This was especially true of
the Schubert Quartet, distinguished
as are all that master's works by pas-
sages of charming song.
From these melodious moments, as
in the lilting Scherzo of the Schu-
bert, the quartet was able to move
easiliy and gracefully into a broad,
sustained Andante con moto in which
four instruments sounded as one with
but a single player, or into a move-
ment of pizzicato badinage as in the
Brahms Allegretto moderato e com-
The Messrs. Kolisch, Khuner, Leh-
ner, and Heifetz demonstrated true
musicianship; individual self sup-
pressed for the benefit of an en-
semble presentation of their art - not
The University Observatory report-
ari n- 19 miiniahn . tnarn.-,,,a.A of

York hotels. It is done, the hotel managers say,
to protect the proprietors and the employes.
Contributors to The Conning Tower hereafter
will submit photographs and finger-prints with
all contributions. We can coerce, too. If you
contribs won't do it, we'll write the whole Tower
It seems to us that the hotel men are poltroons.
Why don't they fingerprint the patrons, or, as
they used to be called, guests? Every innkeeper
whose confidences we have has told us that the
big property loss - towels, keys, soap, linen, silver-
war, crockery - is caused by patrons of the
hotel. Fingerprint an employe, and he remains
one or has to resign; fingerprint a patron, and
you have an emptier hotel.
Lives of hotel men all remind us
We can keep from careers of crime,
And, departing, leave behind us
Fingerprints on the hands of time.
The Executive Committee of the American Bar
Association has drawn up a code of ethics for
lawyers, the press, and the public at future
criminal trials. There are eight principal pro-I
rnn a - al an,, iff n - rnnnal nnnav t

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