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January 16, 1936 - Image 1

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Editorials

The Nation's Honor Roll,...
Propaganda On The AirĀ«. .

VOL. XLVI No. 79 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 16, 1936

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Varsity Swim
Squad Beaten
By Freshmen
Free-Style Power Gives
First-Year Men 46-38
Win Over Champions
Victory Forecasts
'Brilliant Future
Tom Haynie, Ed Kirar,
Baker Bryant, Sprinters
Gain Yearling Firsts
By GEORGE J. ANDROS
The country's best swimming team
became theycountry's second-best
team last night as the Michigan Var-
sity, picked to defend successfully its
National Collegiate and Big Ten
championships this year, fell to an in-
glorious 46-38 defeat before the fresh-
man squad in the Intramural pool
while 700 spectators roared their ap-
proval.
In the end it was superiority in the
free-style events that enabled the
first-year men to carry off the honors
for the night. Yearling performers
took first and second places in the
50, 220 and 440-yard free-style events,
and only a last second touchout by
Bob Mowerson over Ed Kirar in the
100 kept the freshmen from scoring
a grand slam.
Tom Haynie of the first-year squad
became the only double winner of the
meet when he captured the 220 and
440 from teammate Dave Holmes and
Frank Barnard of the Varsity, bet-
tering Big Ten records in both events.
Ed Kirar won the 50 with Walt
Tomski second, and Baker Bryant
took the 100 with ease, Mowerson
edging out Kirar for second.
The Varsity piled up its points with
firsts in the back-stroke and medley
relay and firsts and seconds in the
diving and breast-stroke. Capt. Frank
Fehsenfeld won off the spring board
from Ned Diefendorf, Jack Kasley
eased to a victory in the 200-yard
breast-stroke, and Fred Cody swam
a winning 150-yard back-stroke in
the fairly good time of 1:41.6.
After the Varsity had gone ahead
in the breast and back-strokes the
freshmen took the lead after the 50-
yard sprint and were never headed.
The Varsity lost its last chance
(Continued on Page 3)
Early Sale Of
J- op Tickets
BeginsToday
To Be Restricted At First
To Juniors, Fraternities
Buying Large Blocks
Tickets for the 1936 J-Hop, to be
held Friday, Feb. 14, in the Intra-
mural Building, will go on sale to-
day and may be obtained from three
sources, Donald Hillier, ticket chair-
man announced.
Places from which tickets may be
obtained are Van Bovens, the Union,
and from J-Hop committee members.
They are priced at $5.50.
Until further notice from Hillier,
however, the sale will be restricted
to juniors and to fraternities wishing
to obtain blocks of 25 tickets.
Under a new plan inaugurated by

the committee this year a fraternity
may buy tickets in blocks of no less
than 25 and pay for them by check,
thereby enabling fraternity members
to put the amount of their J-Hop
ticket on house bills. Tickets bought
under the block plan must be ob-
tained directly through Hillier.
Tickets for the dance will differ in
appearance from those of previous
yeaes in that they will be printed in
the form of formal invitations.
A meeting of persons interested in
obtaining booths will be held at 4I
p.m. Monday at the Union.
Committee members from whom
tickets may be obtained are Benja-
min Cox, Homer Lathrop, Robert W.
Burwell, John E. Freese, Jean Green-
wald, Mary Potter, Marion Holden,
Carl S. Abbott, James C. Briegel,
Richard M. Dennis, Bernard L. Cary,
and Hillier.
Senor Engineers
Must Pay All Dues
cni-e in #.hP nrsnarnp r n

Cornell's Pet Boa
Doesn't Hug-- But
Watch Out, It Bites
ITHACA, N. Y., Jan. 15. - WA) -
Josephine, a young and rare type of
boa constrictor, is living in a frater-
nity house at Cornell University,
doubling as a pet and a scientific
"guinea pig."
Young boas are all right as pets,
except that they want the house kept
at 80 degrees. They don't hug, but
they bite.
The snake is non-poisonous, an
imperial boa from the Panama Canal
zone. It was a gift of Dr. Harry Eno
of Colon, to Frank Trevor, a senior
from Syracuse, N. Y.
Josephine is one of 30 young boas
born in captivity. Until his room-
mates rebelled, Trevor kept his room
at 80 degrees. An electric thermo-
stat in the snake box solved the trop-
ical weather problem.
Petting soothes Josephine, but left
alone she hunts for a tree. As a
substitute she climbs on whatever
furniture she can find. Once she
was lost for two days. Trevor found
her asleep in the waste paper of a
box.
Institute Holds
Session Today
On Government
More Than 170 Expected
Here; Mrs. McAllister
Heads Speakers
A one day session of the Women's
Institute of Government, to be held
today in Ann Arbor, is expected to
bring more than 170 people from the
second congressional district of the
state to the Michigan League for a
discussion of government problems,
projects, and agencies.
Heading the list of speakers is Mrs.
Thomas H. McAllister, of Grand
Rapids, national committeewoman
for the Young Democrats, who will
speak at 2 p.m. on "The New De-
mocracy."
The program for the day opens
with registration at 10 -a.m. with
Registration, followed by -an intro-
ductory address on "The Purpose of
the Institute," by Mrs. James H. Mac-
Donald of Glencoe Hills, chairman of
the program committee, and vice-
chairman of the state central com-
mittee of the Democratic party.
A two-hour period from 10:30 a.m.
to 12:30 p.m. will be devoted to re-
ports on government agencies, begun
with a discussion of "Social Securi-
ty," by Mrs. William Haber of Lans-
ing, wife of the state FERA adminis-
trator.
"Federal Aid to CCC and Other
Youth Activities" will be reported on
by Dr. William D. Henderson, direc-
tor of the Extension Division of the
University, followed by a panel dis-
cussion of the recovery agencies, led
by Mrs. Charles H. Dawson and Mrs.
John H. Muyskens of Ann Arbor,
Mrs. William M. Dawson and Mrs. H.
E. Schlesinger of Ypsilanti, and Mrs.
Arthur O'Neil of Saline.
The program on government agen-
cies will be closed with a report of
"Federal Housing," given by Harry
Steffe. Ann Arbor field representa-
tive for FHA.
Members of the Institute will meet
for luncheon at 12:45, and resume
their program at' 2 p.m. with Mrs.
McAllister's address. The Institute
will be closed with 'a talk on "Im-
migration" by Miss Mary Ward of
the Boston immigration office.

Wilson Called
'Falsifier' On'
War Treaties
Nye Accuses President Of
Denying All Knowledge
Of Secret Pacts
Correspondence
With House Bared
Senate Probers Show He
Knew Of Plan To Divide
Spoils Among Allies
President Wilson "falsified" with
regard to secret war treaties involving
the United States in the World War,
Senator Gerald P. Nye asserted yes-
terday at a meeting of the Senate Mu-
nitions Committee in Washington.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. - UP) -
The Senate Munitions Committee
produced evidence today that the
Woodrow Wilson administration was
thoroughly advised of secret treaties
for splitting the spoils of war among
the Allies when it urged Congress
to carry America into the conflict.
With this, it coupled documentary
testimony that a few months after
the United States became a bellig-
erent, President Wilson was fully
informed of the contents of these
agreements for remaking the map of
Europe and in fact brought the sub
ject up himself in the course of a
conversation with David Balfour, of
Great Britain.
Correspondence between Wilson
and Col. E. M. House showed that
Wilson thought the end of the war
would find the Allied nations at the
mercy of America financially, pro-
viding a club with which he could
force abandonment of the plans for
redividing Europe.
'Never Able to Use Club'
Not mentioning America's subse-
quent refusal to take a dominant
position in the League of Nations,
Senator Bennett Champ Clark said:
"The President was never able to
use this financial club, however, and
the Allies did as they pleased and
had planned."
To cap these disclosures, the Com-
mittee added to its record a state-
ment made by Wilson to the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee in 1919
that he had no knowledge of the
treaties until they were called to his
attention at the Versailles Peace Con-
ference.
"It is evident," commented Gerald
P. Nye, chairman of the committee,
"that Wilson was fully appraised of
the secret treaties and that he falsi-
fied in asserting he had no knowledge
of them until after the war."
'Had U-Boat Warnings'
With these and other revelations -
taken from hitherto secret State De-
partment files, the private papers of
Col. House and the memoirs of prom-
inent men of the period - the com-
mittee hammered at its contention
that commercial relations with the
Allies were the foremost factor in
making the United States a belliger-
ent and not German submarines.
The tall stack of documents pro-
duced by the committee after a study
of more than a year showed also that
throughout the presidential campaign
of 1916, when Wilson's slogan was "He
kept us out of war," he had frequent
warnings that resumption of unre-
stricted submarine warfare by Ger-
many was imminent and a perception
of its probable consequences.

Japan Walks
Out Of Naval
Conference
Hope Of Limitations Gone
By The Boards; England
Drops Sanctions Lead
Arms Race Loonis
As Result Of Act
'Detriment To National
Prestige' States Head Of
Tokio Delegation

Reported Confession Of

New

Figure In Kidnap

Case Might Save Bruno

Marriage Statistics Indicate
Michigan Co-ed's Superiority
o-

University Alumnae Have University
A 1 . group as a

of Michigan alumnae
whole.

LONDON, Jan. 15. - (P) - Japan
walked out of the international naval
conference tonight and 13 years of
limitation of sea armaments went by
the boards.
A naval race immediately loomed
as a possibility although all delega-
tions including the Japanese, said
they wanted to avoid this costly com-
petition.
Japan's move, reminiscent of her
withdrawal in 1933 from the League
of Nations, was based on the fact that
the four other powers refused to grant,
her naval parity with the United
States and Great Britain. It marked
a further severance of her ties with
the western world.
Treaties Expire In Year
Both the Washington and London
naval treaties expire at the end of this
year. Under the former, which Japan
formally denounced a year ago, she
is held on the short end of a 5-5-3
capital ship tonnage ratio with the
two Anglo-Saxon powers.
In giving Japan's reasons for quit-
ting the parley because it could not
force its demands for a fleet as large
as America's or Britain's, Admiral
Osami Nagano, head of the Tokio
delegation, said :
"Allocation of an inferior ratio
is so detrimental to our national pres-
tige that it is bound to produce serious
repercussions in our country, being
a source of permanent and profound
discontent to our people."
Britain To Aid Sanctions
LONDON, Jan. 15.-- () - The
British government instructed its for-~
eign secretary in a cabinet meeting
Wednesday to support but not to lead
any moves at Geneva for further
sanctions against Italy.
This procedure was outlined for
young Anthony Eden when he at-
tends the sessions of the League
Council, opening next Monday. Some
circles believe smaller nations, includ-
ing Sweden, would press for an oil
boycott.
In Paris, however, it was reported
a move is under way to avoid dis-
cussion of an oil embargo by the
League. This proposal was said to
have been knocked over by Premier
Pierre Laval and Dr. Augusto Vascon-
cellos of Portugal, chairman of the
League committee on sanctions.
Giant Airliner ,
Crash Baffles
Investig'ators
Officials Unable To Solve
Mystery Of Wreck That
Took Lives Of 17
GOODWIN, Ark., Jan. 15.-(P)-
Almost complete disintegration of a
luxurious transcontinental airliner
which carried 17 persons to death
baffled Federal and Company offi-
cials seeking tonight to clear up the
mystery of the crash.
Out of the morass of an East Ar-
kansas swamp near this little town,
weary volunteer searchers gathered
up the broken bodies of the 14 pas-
sengers and crew of three. All on
board were killed when the twin-
motored plane sagged into the marsh
woods and tore through a heavy
growth of trees for 400 yards last
night.
The searchers had a difficult task,
in the gumbo-mud of the swamp,
sometimes sinking into bogs holding
water four to five feet deep.
Heads of the American Airlines,
operating the ship on regular sched-
ule between New York and Los An-
geles, and representatives of the De-
partment of Commerce flew here to-
day, viewed the wreckage and said
that there would be a "complete
investigation."

They had little to work on, however,
in view of the destruction of the plane
an taR n n+f+se+nt nnof +nh oe_-

iarital nc inations rar
Above Average
By BERNARD WEISSMAN
The stock of the University of
Michigan co-ed soared last night as
the result of reactions to the revela-
tions in yesterday's Daily about the
marriage rate of University alumnae.
Out of the welter of amazed "Oh's!"
and "Ah's!" that greeted the story
emerged the very definite impression
that co-eds on this campus-or at
least a certain group of them - have
far more allure than the average
American woman student.
The Stewart Howe Alumni Service
report on which the conclusions were
based was drawn up from data on the
alumnae of four campus sororities,
and represented direct information
from nearly 100 per cent of these
graduates for the past several de-
cades.
According to this report 80 per cent
of these alumnae win husbands with-
in three years after graduation, an-
other 18 per cent join the marital
ranks within the next three years,
and less than one per cent keep their
maiden names for life.
However it appears that only about,
50 per cent of the women graduates
from the average college ever get
married.
Prof. Robert C. Angell of the so-
ciology department gave this tenta-
tive figure as his impression of sur-
veys that had been made on the sub-
ject and declared that even if the
percentage of marrying alumnae from
the University were as high as 60
per cent it would be "very astonish-
ing."
He said that he frankly didn't be-
lieve that these "remarkable" sta-
tistics could possibly be true of the
Knox Describes
Auto Industry
As 'American'
DETROIT, Jan. 15. -(R)- Col.
Frank Knox, publisher of the Chicago
Daily News, said in an address to-
night that the automobile industry
is "an example of sturdy Americanism
that is today's challenge to bureau-
cratic and autocratic collectivism."
Colonel Knox, prominently men-
tioned for Republican presidential
nomination, returning to the stage
where he started in the newspaper
business 35 years ago to speak at the
annual banquet of the Detroit Real
Estate Board.
During the day, he defined his at-
titude toward the presidential nomi-
nation, in an interview, by saying:
"A man does not declare himself a
candidate for President. His friends
do that for him. The Illinois Re-
publicans seem to have done that for
me."

Similar opinions were expressed by
other faculty members, although defi-
nite statistics were not offered except
for the reference by Prof. A. Frank-
lin Shull of the zoology department
to a book on "Applied Eugenics"
written by Paul Popeneau and Ros-
well H. Johnson and containing sev-.
eral studies on the subject.
The book, surveying statistics for;
college graduates around the turn of
the century, reports that only 53 per
cent of the women graduates from
Ohio State, Wisconsin, and Illinois
Unive\ sities during a 25-year period
were married 10 years after their
graduation.
Budget Speech
Is Inadequate,
Ford Maintains:
President's Message Was
'Muddled, Incomplete,'
Professor Says .
By GUY M. WHIPPLE, JR.
It is impossible to obtain an ade-
quate picture of the Federal finan-
cial situation from a perusal of the
President's budget message to Con-
gress, delivered Jan. 6, in the opinion
of Prof. R. S. Ford, public finace au-
thority of the economic department.
The picture is muddled and incom-
plete, Professor Ford pointed out yes-
terday, because in the message there
is no account taken of expenditures
for relief, and anticipated revenues
from processing taxes which have
since been declared unconstitutional
were included in the President's pros-
pectus.
Estimated governmental revenuesl
from the operation of the Social Se-
curity Act, the newly-enacted Rail-
road Retirement Act, and the Bitu-
minous Coal Conservation Act (pop-
ularly known as the Guffey Coal Bill)
were included in the budget message,
Professor Ford stated, but any or all
of these acts may be scrapped by
the Supreme Court, he added, with
consequent loss of Federal revenue.
Professor Ford quoted budgetary
figures to show that the government's
gross deficit in 1934 was $3,989,000,-
000; in 1935 $3,575,000,000; in 1936
(estimated) $3,234,000,000; and in
1937 (estimated but not including re-
lief appropriations) $1,098,000,000, in-
clusive of the statutory payment of
$580,000,000 on the public debt. Re-
lief appropriations, Professor Ford
said, could be made up to the amount
of $2,136,000 and still the gross deficit
would not exceed that for 1936 (that
is, $1,136,000,000 for relief, plus $1,-
098,000,000 gross deficit would not
exceed $3,234,000,000, or the 1936 esti-
mated gross deficit).

Identity Of Other Person
Involved Has Not Yet
Been Revealed
Delay Of Execution
Seen As Possible
Habeas Corpus Petition
Is Rushed To Supreme
Court In Washington
TRENTON, N. J., Jan. 15. - () -
A report emanating late tonight from
a high source, but lacking only an of-
ficial confirmation, said Governor
Hoffman had in his possession a
purported written confession from a
new figure in the Lindberg baby slay-
ing.
Neither Governor Hoffman nor his
press aid could be reached, but this
source said the governor had made
overtures to the leading official who
participated in the capture of Bruno
RichardaHauptmann - sentenced to
be electrocuted Friday night -to
serve in an advisory capacity to study
the value of the purported confes-
sion.
If these advisors consider the "con-
fession" of value, it is said, the gov-
ernor will stay the execution until a
thorough investigation can be made.
The nature of the "confession" has
not been indicated, and the name of
the person involved is not known.
Reprieve In Doubt
TRENTON, N. J., Jan. 15. - (P) -
Two days from the electric chair,
Bruno Hauptmann hastened -toward
his last court hope tonight while Gov.
Harold G. Hoffman kept him in doubt
about a reprieve. -
The death chair was pronounced
ready for the convicted kidnap mur-
derer of the Lindbergh baby as he
signed a new plea to the court.
Two attorneys raced with the paper
he had signed to Washington, pre-
sumably to seek from the United
States Supreme Court a writ of
habeas corpus to stay the execution
-set for 8 p.m. Friday.
The paper, it was understood, was
a formal petition for permission to
file an application for a writ of
habeas corpus. The paper might be
filed with the court clerk, in which
case 10 days or two weeks would
elapse before the court gave a ruling.
The attorneys, Neil Burkinshaw
and Nugent Dodds, just added to the
legal staff seeking to save Haupt-
mann, were expected to fly to Su-
preme Court Justice Owen J. Rob-
erts for a stay of execution. Should
he refuse, Governor Hoffman prob-
ably would be asked for a reprieve
pending a decision on the Supreme
Court application.
Governor Questioned
Upon arriving in Washington, the
attorneys would not reveal their
plans, but hinted at action tomor-
row. "I cannot say anything at this
time," said Burkinshaw. The chief
counsel at this time are in New Jer-
sey.
Governoi4 Hoffman ainnounced
through his press aide that he had
reached no decision on a reprieve.
He is continuing his independent in-
vestigation of the kidnaping case,
said his representative, William Conk-
lin.
The governor, possessing a disputed
power of reprieve for not more than
90 days, answered a series of ques-
tions put to him through Conklin.
They were:
1. Are you going to reprieve
Hauptmann? I have made no de-
cision.
2. Would you feel it mandatory
upon you to stay execution should
proceedings be pending in the courts
the day of the execution? Not neces-
(Continued on Page 2)

Cars Crash; Girl
Hurt In Sled Fall
Two cars involved in an accident
on Washtenaw Avenue last night were
severely damaged but their occupants
remained uninjured when a Buick
sedan, driven by Tony De Filippi, 25
years old, of 1039 N. Main, collided
with a Plymouth coupe driven by
Gustave A. Hoffstetter, 62 years old,

U. Of M. Atom-Smasher Hailed
As Most Important Discovery

Governor Murphy Praises
Professor Hayden In Letter

By ELSIE A. PIERCE
The breaking up of the atom, which
will be accomplished by the Uni-
versity's cyclotron, is the most im-
portant scientific discovery of mod-
ern times, Prof. Harrison M. Ran-
dall, chairman of the physics de-
partient,'said yesterday.
In addition, he said, the cyclotron
will prove of great service to the med-
ical profession, in that it will produce
artifically radioactive material which
can be used in the treatment of can-
cer.
Tre cyclotron will be the culmina-
tion of years of work by physicists
all over the country in the field of
nuclear research. Although during
the last 15 years, the problem of the
outer atom has been pretty well
sclved. Professor Randall said, com-
paratively little had been accom-
plshed with respect to the inner core
of the atom, the nucleus.
A beginning of the solution came

which can produce not only particles
with higher speeds but also in much
larger quantities than can be hoped
for from any radioactive substance.
A grant from the Rackham Fund
enabled the University physicists to
plan construction of a cyclotron here,
and Prof. J. M. Cork went to the Uni-
versity of California this semester to
work with Professors Lawrence and
Livingston on the cyclotron there, and
Prof. Floyd A. Firestone was placed
in charge of designing the cyclotron
to be used here.
When the cyclotron is completed,
the physics department will collab-
orate with Dr. B. R. Hargis of the
medical school, who has charge of
experimenting with the cancer treat-
ments made possible by the cyclo-
tron.
"After the particles have been shot
through the cyclotron," Professor
Randall explained, many of the nuc-
lei suffer nartial disruption and be-

Praising Prof. Joseph R. Hayden of
the political science department for
his "splendid service" as vice-gover-
nor-general of the Phillipine Islands,
former Governor-General Frank
Murphy, now United. States high
commissioner of the islands, wrote to
Prof. Jesse S. Reeves, chairman of
the department, this week.
Professor Hayden, who recently
completed two years of service as
vice-governor-general, is now en-
route home from the Phillipines and
will arrive here probably Feb. 1 to
resume his teaching duties in the po-
litical science department. Flying
from Canton to Peiping, capital of
China, and from there to Tiensin
Tientsin and to Darlen, Professor
Hayden took the Trans-Siberian
Railway across Siberia and is now

sure that our mutual friend, Gover-
nor Hayden, having completed more
than two years of splendid service for
the Philippine government, left for
the United States with the respect
and gratitude of the Filipinos and
all those associated with him in the
privileged political enterprise which
has recently been ours.
His sound judgment on and thor-
ough approach to involved political
problems has been of large value to
us. As Head of the Department of
Public Instruction, which includes
the Bureau of Health and Welfare,
Vice-Governor Hayden brought to his
work a fine sense of duty, discrimin-
ating social views and a singular
appreciation of conditions in the
Philippines.
His expert knowledge of Philip-

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