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January 11, 1936 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1936-01-11

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i I i


Morrison Hits
State~ment y
Says Criticism Of Single
Pavement Thoroughfare
Definitely overexaggerated, accord-
ing to Prof. Roger L. Morrison of the
highway engineering department, is
the recent statement by Dr. H. C.
Dickenson of the U. S. National Bu-
reau of Standards in a communica-
tion to the Michigan Safety Council
that "The nation never should have
built, and should stop building now,
main country thoroughfares carry-
ing heavy traffic in both directions
on the same pavement."
Highways cannot be divided, within
reason, unless they include at least
four traffic lanes, Professor Morrison
stated, and only a very small per-
centage of country highways can
boast of four lanes.
According to statistics obtained
for The Daily by the Michigan State
Highway Laboratory, located in the
East Engineering Building, from the
Highway Department at Lansing,
there are only 300 miles of state trunk
line roads of four lanes or more out-
side of cities in Michigan. This is
only six per cent of hard surface
roads, or three per cent of all roads
included in the state trunk line sys-
Separation Dangerous
Imagine the situation, Professor
Morrison continued, if it were the
common practice to separate two
lane highways, thereby making it im-
possible for cars to pass each other.
A fast-moving automobile, approach-
ing a truck or some other slow ve-
hicle obstructing the single traffic
lane, would thus be forced to drive
over the shoulder grading of the
road in order to pass. Under any sort
of conditions this would be a dan-
gerous practice, he stated.
However, he pointed out, insofar as
Mr. Dickinson is insisting on the di-
vision of huch highways as have
at least four lanes, all evidence does
seem to indicate that such improve-
ments would materially reduce acci-
dent hazards on our main country
In the report of a study of three
overlapping sections of U. S. High-
way 112, with a total of 34 miles in
length, made before the annual meet-
ing of the Highway Research Board
in 1934, Professor Morrison advanced
evidence to show that this was true.
Accident Types Studied
In the study a comparison was
made of the number of accidents oc-
curring on an 18 foot wide section
of road and a 20 foot section. A
general increase of 120 per cent
in the 18 foot section was found for
those types of accidents which could
be eliminated by separating the high-
way, he stated. These types of ac-
cidents include side-swiping, passing
on the wrong side of the road, un-
classified head-on collisions and skid-
ding into other cars.
This study reveals factual support
for the assertions of Dr. Dickinson.
"Whenever two cars meet on an
eighteen or even a twenty foot road,
they commonly pass within two feet
of each other at relative speeds that
would - prove fatal to most of the
occupants if the should collide.
"On 40 miles of road, carrying 1,000
cars per hour each way, there will
be about a million cases of cars
meeting each other every hour. The
number of such hazards per year
run into astronomical figures. Is it
to be wondered at that a large part
of the fatal accidents which occur
on the open road result from the fact
that the drivers must meet other ve-

hicles with so narrow a margin of
An experiment in the division of
roads is now being undertaken in
New Jersey, Professor Morrison point-
ed out. Four lane highways are be-
ing separated at a cost of $50,000;
per mile, and state authorities ex-
pect this expenseto be offset by
savings in property damages as a
result of reduced highway accidents.
The outcome of this experiment
should go far to reveal the practical
value of divided highways, he con-
Camps For Youths
To Be Established
(Continued from Page 1)
The regime of the camp, Dr. Peet
said, would again be of the Boy
Scout nature,arather than the disci-
pline of a more military nature under
the CCC camps are ruled.
An allotment of about $150,000 is
sought for the first six months of
the project, which will start as soon
as it is possible to take the boys out
into the Waterloo woods, probably in
April. By the following winter they
will have permanent cabins built, and
thus can stay throughout the year.
The budget for the project allows
about $7 a week for each boy at the
camp, to cover food, clothing, and
other necessities.
One vasnn for the choicO of the.

Farley Gets $200,00 0 Philadelphia Check

Postmaster General Farley (left)
cratic national committee meeting in
city for the national convention, he
Albert Greenfield of the Philadelphia

: -Avciated Press Phot ).
is shown when, after the Demo-
Washington accepted the Quaker
accepted a $200,000 check from
convention delegation.

Hinsdale Says Indians Sz4J'red
Toothache Just As You And I

Observations Made From
Skeletons Exhumed In
Lapeer County
Evidence that ancient American
Indians suffered from toothache,
lumbago and stiff neck just as many
of us do today was presented yester-
day by Dr. W. B. Hinsdale, associate
in charge of the Great Lakes division
of the Museum of Anthropology.
"Dental caries from slight cavities
to large ones extending from crown
to fang must have caused insuffer-
able toothache," he said. "Lame
backs, lumbago and stiff necks were
Dr. Hinsdale's observations were
made from 150 skeletons of Indians,
men, women and children, that were
exhumed by members of the expedi-
tion headed by Dr. Emerson F. Green-
man, research associate in archae-
ology of the Museum of Anthropol-
ogy, which spent several months last
year digging in an ancient Indian
burial ground in Lapeer County,
"A few anomalies and many evi-
dences of disease and injuries were
found by examination of the skele-
tons," Dr. Hinsdale said. "There are
several specimens of fractures, dislo-
cations, bones malformed by disease
and ever so many teeth affected by
decay. Some of the teeth are cur-
iously worn down - the entire crown
being gone- by attrition due to im-
perfect coaptation and chewingt
coarse and gritty foods. Owing to
imperfect occlusional contact, some
teeth were worn to chisel-like edges.
'Several of the spinal columns,"
he said, "show osseous overgrowths
extending from one vertebra to the
second or third below. In one speci-
men the second and third cervical
vertebrae are completely ankylosed
so thatthey form one rigid segment.
That poor woman, for the specimen
is presumably from a female, may
have suffered from permanent wry
neck, or at least her ability to "look
back" was seriously inhibited."
In the coljecion brought back by
Russia Strengthens
Armies For Defense
(Continued from Page I)
ern Railway to Manchoukuo, he said,
indicated her trend towards peace.
On the other hand, he charged,
Japan's temper is evidenced by To-
kio's refusal to sign a nonaggres-
sion pact, nonacceptance of a com-
mission to regulate border problems,
and constant violations of the Soviet-
Manchoukuoan border, designed to
distract attention from what Japan
is doing in Manchuria and North
China, and also to impress the world
with Japan's strength.

Dr. Greenman is a specimen of frac-
ture of the left femur with two inches
of misplacement and shortening, al-
though there is a perfect rigidity of
the bone due, Dr. Hinsdale said, to
the forming of calluses which is
sometimes nature's method of re-
pair. Other fractures, he said, were
of the "green-stick" type and repair
did not leave any shortening.
"Among the skulls," Dr. Hinsdale
stated, "are several that have drill
holes in the top and others from
which a disc two inches in diameter
has been removed. These operations
were performed, of course, after the
bodies had been denuded of the soft
parts and were probably made for
some ceremonial or ritualisticreason,
possibly to be paraded in the dance
of the dead. There are also long
bones drilled through and two skele-
tons had been rearticulated with
some of the bones curiously mis-
Peet Submits
Director For
Birthday Ball
Sends Name Of Man To
Head President's Affair
To Doherty for Okay
The appointment of Herbert G.
Watkins, assistant secretary of the
University, as director of the an-
nual President's Birthday Ball here
to be held Jan. 30 for the relief of
those suffering from infantile par-
Dr. Max Minor Peet, prominent
brain specialist who is a member of
the national committee in charge of
expending the funds secured by the
annual dance, announced yesterday
that the appointment had been ac-
cepted by Mr. Watkins, and that news
of the appointment had already been
sent to Henry L. Doherty of New
York, general chairman of the na-
tional committee.
An attempt is being made, Dr.
Peet commented, to perpetuate the
celebration as an annual affair, and
to maintain it in an entirely non-
political spirit.
The national committee, which was
intrusted with more than $300,000,
about 30 per cent of the fund raised
the night of Jan. 30, 1935, also in-
cludes from Michigan Senator James
Couzens and Edsel Ford. The $300,-
000 has been divided among a group
of universities throughout the coun-
try for research work in developing
a vaccine or some other agent which
would prevent infantile paralysis and
further research into the nature of
the germ and its exact methods of

Summer School
Off eirs Stdy In
Graduate Students Will
Tour Eight Countries
At Own Expense
A combination study-travel course,
which will include a tour of eight
European countries and designed
primarily for graduate students in
education will be offered in the 1936
simmer session, Prof. L. A. Hopkins,
director, announced yesterday.
A limited group of graduate stu-
dents will travel at their own ex-
pense in eight countries in Europe
o study the features of the health
program of each of the nations, rec-
reation, folk dances, and gymnastics.
The students will visit France, Ger-
many, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslo-
vakia, Denmark, Sweden and Eng-
Six hours of graduate credit will
be granted for completing the study
tour, including the various special
assignments of the instruction. Stu-
dents may, however, enroll for two
or four hours credit if they so prefer.
The cost of the trip, New York City
and return, will be $491, which will
include all expenses with a few ex-
ceptions such as the American pass-
port, tips, tickets to the Olympic
Games, and any other personal pur-
The trip is to cover a period of
65 days or a total of nine weeks, ex-
tending from June 27 to September 1,
and the tentative itinerary of the
trip includes an opportunity to at-
tend the International Conferences
in Berlin.
The procedure for study will be
outlined by Professor Mitchell, and
it is planned to hold classes on ship-
board from 9 to 12 a.m. Prior to the
trip each student will be provided
with a list of readings in books, cur-
rent magazines to orient the student
as far as possible to the European
situation in general.
Attendance at the Olympic Games
will be voluntary and the tour is
planned to include the principal days
of the games. During the same pe-
riod visits may be made to the art
galleries, where special competitions
in painting, sculpture, music and
drama are being held in honor of the
eleventh Olympiad.
Candidates for the trip may pay the
Summer Session fee of $34 any time
prior to June 15, 1936 and officials
stated that students should make
early application for the trip in order
that various arrangements for ship
reservations and requests for tickets
for the Olympic games may be as-
Revelli Organizes
Regimental Band
The latest efforts of Dr W. D
Revelli, Director of Bands of the U.
of M., have been to organize a band
to supplement the Varsity Band. As
a result, the First Regimental Band
has appeared to provide an oppor-
tunity for musicians to continue their
musical activities while in the Uni-
versity, and to develop players for
the Varsity R.O.T.C. Band and Con-
cert Bands. Since it is the policy of
the band to include in its member-
ship 100 players in the Varsity R. O.
T. C. Band, and at least 85 in the
Concert Band, there will be ample
opportunity for advancement, Dr.
Revelli said.
Admission is open to any wood-
wind, brass, or percussion player, ac-
cording to Dr. Revelli, a
i.. 1-

-Associated Press Photo.
Robert Moore, (above) slain at
South Bend, Ind., has admitted
responsibility for the slaying of
Jerry Buckley, Detroit radio com-
mentator, in 1930, according to a
statement given authorities by his
widow, Mrs. Mary Roche Moore,
convicted bank robber.
Faculty Plans
Joint Luncheon

Killer Suspect Slain

topic will be "Conscience." Every-
DAILY OFFICIAL o'neinterested is welcome to atteni
BULLETI7IN aiiri~li( tiitech, sont~v:
""~ai(i'COIU Ien*d fruukPage4) Crossin, for the Liudberghs."'i.7:3u
pared to discuss the significance of Liberal Students Union. Symposium
the important events of the day. on mid-winter student conferences.
7:30 p.m., Church service. Rev.
Cowin will show pictures and give a Trinity Lutheran Church, Sunday:
lecture on the life of William Carey,.
often called the father of modern 9:15, Church School. 10:30, Chief
missions. worship service. Sermon, "Christ
E____Answers Three Vital Questions." 5:30

St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Sun-
9:30 a.m., Sunday School and
Bible Class. 9:30 a.m., Divine ser-
vice in German. 10:45 a.m., Morn-
ing worship and sermon, "Jesus the
Bread of Life." 6:00 p.m., Student-
Walther League supper and fellow-
ship 6:30 p.m. The program will
consist of a lecture given by the Rev.
Charles Strasen of Plymouth. His



Lutheran Student Club in Zion Luth-
eran Parish Hall; 6:30, Discussion on
"Why am I a Christian?" 7:30,
Luther League.
Zion Lutheran Church, Sunday:
9:00 a.m., Sunday School; 10:30
a.m., service with sermon on "Come
and See." 5:30 p.m., Meeting of
Student Club. 7:30 p.m., Holy Com-
munion (German).


A faculty ministerial luncheon for
Reinhold Niebuhr on his coming visit
to Ann Arbor was decided upon yes-
terday in a meeting held by mem-
bers of the University faculty.
The luncheon will be held at the
Union on Tuesday, Jan. 21.
The committee planning the lun-
cheon includes Professors John F.
Shepard of the psychology depart-
ment; John L. Brumm, chairman of
the department of journalism; Le-
roy Waterman, chairman of the or-
iental languages and literatures de-
partment; Robert C. Angell, of the
sociology department; Erich A. Wal-
ter, of the English department; and
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, counselor
in religious education; and the Rev.
Howard R. Chapman, of the Roger
Williams Guild.

303 N. Division - 8876



Lunchecns - 1I :30
Dinners - - 5:30

- 1 :30


- 2:30





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