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November 24, 1935 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-11-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Engi h Critic
Will Give Talk
Here Tuesday
Elonamy Dobree To Speak
On Subject 'Approaches
To Criticism'
Bonamy Debree, noted English
scholar and critic, will deliver an
address in the University Lecture
Series at 4:15 Tuesday in the Natural
Science Auditorium. His subject has
been announced as "Approaches - to
Criticism."
Dobree is, according to Prof. Louis
I. Bredvold of the English depart-
ment, one of the most distinguished
present day scholars of 18th century
literature, as well as a leading critic
of modern literature. His "Modern
Prose Style" is now in use in a num-
ber of the English courses at the Uni-
versity.
After serving in the British army
both before and during the war, and
being promoted to the rank of major,
Mr. Dobree attended Cambridge Uni-
versity, and lectured at London Uni-
versity and the Egyptian University
of Cairo.
In 1927 he retired from teaching
and devoted himself completely to
critical writing. Since that time he
had had published a number of biog-
raphies, essays and prose collections.
He has also been a contributor to T. S.
Eliot's "Criterion," an English literary
magazine.
The lecture will be open to the
public.
Subscript1ions
For City Fund
Reach $26,367
Auditors for the Ann Arbor Com-
munity Fund reported that the sub-
scription up to noon yesterday lacked
approximately $800 of reaching the
halfway mark in its initial drive for
$55,000 to finance welfare and social
service activities in 1936. A total of
$26,367 in pledges has been audited
up to the present time.
Fund leaders were not discouraged
by the report, and made plans to
work over the week-end to increase
the subscriptions. A report luncheon
will be held during the middle of
next week, the date of which has not
yet been announced.
A little over a fourth of the pros-
pects have been solicited, and no di-
vision of the campaign organization
has exhausted its possibilities, John
Hames, manager of the drive, an-
nounced.
Spanish Professor
To Talk At Guild
(Continued from Page 1)
Dr., Raphael Isaacs will speak on
"The historical Aspects of the Cru-
cifixion."
The Rev. Theodore Schmale of the
Bethlehem Evangelical Church will
preach on "The Reward of the Merci-
ful" at the regular morning service
at 10:30 a.m. The Junior Young Peo-
ple's League will meet at 7 p.m, with
Miss Mary Seyfried acting as leader.
"The Social Responsibility of a
Christian" will be the topic of Mr.
Herbert Soper's discussion at noon
today at Stalker Hall. The Wesleyan
Guild is to meet at 6 p.m. tonight.
Prof. Julio del Toro of the Spanish
department will speak on "Personal
Religion and the Church."

Disputed French Paitntings Defended

To Speak Here

Dance Music Via Electric Light
Socket? It's The Latest Thing

I

By Professors Slusser And Hoekstra

Through the courtesy of Professors Raymond Hoekstra and Jean Paul Slusser,
The Daily presents a summarized version of the gallery talks given by them
Friday afternoon on the exhibition of 12 post-impressionistic paintings hung in
Alumni iemoial Hall. Visitors may see the paintings today between the hours
of 2 and 5 p.m., and the exhibition will close tonight.

APPRECIATION OF POST-
IMPRESSIONISTIC ART
By JEAN PAUL SLUSSER
(Of the Department of Fine Arts)
The Post-Impressionists, following
the lead of Cezanne, who restored toj
modern painting the grand qualities
of design which classic painting has
always had, carried the emphasis on
form to the nth degree, and pushed
their researches into the use of ab-
straction to their logical conclusion.
It was a completely esthetic move-
ment and its leaders performed val-
uable laboratory work in their ex-
perimentation with form that will
probably never have to be done again.
That they could make abstractions
so significant and so interesting is a
tribute to the vitality and resource-
fulness of their talents. The kind of
pictures on view in this exhibition
represent perhaps the high-water
mark of the whole movement towards
abstractionism, and so far as one
can judge today the drift towards
renewed interest in subject-matter
has already set in.
It is possible that there is a con-
nection between this kind of painting
and the state of the world during
the thrity years or so that it has
been produced. In the absence of
any general agreement about human
values, the artist turned to his lab-
oratory and concluded researches in-
to esthetic theory. Whatever kind of
painting the future may bring it will
have to reckon with findings that this
movement has made common prop-
erty. It is possible that the newer
trend towards emphasis on subject-
matter in painting may have to do
with a reawakening awareness caused
by world-events of recent years, an
awareness of human values about
which men are coming into agree-
ment once more.
The work of the men represented
here is based upon a genuine ap-
preciation and understanding of the
classics. The academic artist usually
bases his art upon the work of some-
one who flourished day before yes-
terday or the decade before last, and
sweetens and popularizes it. The best
of the Post-Impressionists know their
primitives, know their classics, know
their Oriental art and build with the
principles that underly all great his-
toric art. Their work is, of course, in

PCST-IMPRESSIONISM AND
PHILOSOPHY
By RAYMOND HOEKSTRA
(Of the Philosophy Department)
The appreciation of modern paint-
ings presents itself as a problem to
some spectators. But any questions
as to exactly what those who do en-
joy modern paintings are able to 'see'
in them inevitably lead us into the
problem of perception. An analysis of
perception might throw some light on
the difficulties of aesthetic percep-
tion.
It is a common assumption that per-
ception of the human mind directly
apprehends a physical object as sen-
suous, i.e., as having a color, odor,
taste, sound and temperature. Since
the sixteenth century a great mass of
evidence has been discovered tend-
ing to cast grave doubt upon this
theory. In fact, the evidence is fre-
quently marshalled to cast doubt up-
on the very existence of the external
world. Whatever strange doctrines
may follow upon the breakdown of
the naive view that physical objects
are directly given to the mind, it is at
least very clear to all reflective minds
that the percipient subject knows the
physical objectionly through his own
experience.
Now it is interesting to note that
liberal-mindedness and more interest
in subject-matter came to an end in
the 19th century painting at just
about the time when the doubt as to
the idiom of the contemporary age,
and it has meaning for our time as
the work of the academic artist has
not. The fitness of these paintings
in a good modern interior or as the
accompaniment of modern architec-
ture is obvious.
Two fundamental principles of'
form are insisted upon by the paint-
ers of the Post-Impressionist group,
principles which are implicit in the
painting of the best historic periods.
The first is the apparently obvious but
very important one that the picture
must be composed absolutely in rela-
tion with the rectangle within which
it is enclosed. This principle is very
notably observed in the work shown
here. The second one is that the
two-dimensional surface-plane of the
picture must be insisted upon and
kept inviolate, no matter what sug-

the existence and character of phys-
ical objects was beginning to be gen-
erally understood. The new version
of perception profoundly influences
the creeds of impressionism, expres-
sionism, symbolism and surrealism.
No longer could the painter presume
to "copy" nature, but only to express
our experience of it. As an artist, it
was his purpose to create an aesthetic
object in the perception of which we
enlarge, enrich and deepen the ranges
of significant experience.
The factor of belief in perception is
irrelevant for aesthetic perception.
No one believes while seeing a still
life by Cezanne that there are real
apples on a plate. Belief is related
to action and operates where science
and truth are concerned. But in
aesthetic perception we are freed
from all practical relations to the ob-
ject and relieved from the quest for
truth. We contemplate but do not
act upon the aesthetic object, nor
seek primarily to be instructed or
improved by it.
The sensuous factor in perception
is variously called sensation or sense
datum, and is indispensable to aes-
thetic perception. The argument for
thinking that a sense datum is dis-
tinct from a physical object is a com-
monplace matter to all elementary
students in philosophy. Once we
concede that the distinction is pos-
sible, then the painter is free to bor-
row the materials of sensation and
use them as freely as he pleases. He
may use them representationally or
abstractly.
Emotion and feeling are, naturally,
gestion of motion into the depth or
towards the front of the picture may
be made by the planes of the compo-
sition. The modern picture is never
a window looking into space, there
may be third-dimensionality in the
picture, but whatever spatial thrusts
there may be, everything is composed
with reference to the two-dimensional
plane on which the picture is painted.
Most of the old illusionist painters
punched holes into their compositions
and denied the plane surface of their
picture, a thing which does not oc-
cur in the art of the best periods. A
painter like Bracque in his larger
composition shown here puts sand
into his paint for the express purpose
of warning the onlooker that no il-
lusionism is intended, that the plane
is to be taken for exactly what it is,
a flat two-dimensional area upon the
^anvas.

Prof.Holland Descr
New Developments
Field Of Radio

(Continued from Page 1)

The Hon. Harry L. Hopkins, Ad-
ministrator of the Federal Emer-
gency Relief Act and head of the
Works Progress Administration,
will lecture tomorrow night at Hill
Auditorium on the subject "Prob-
lems in Government." His lecture
is sponsored by the University of
Michigan Oratorical Association.
of the utmost importance in any aes-
thetic perception. But in those mod-
ern paintings where representation
is not the essential factor the im-
portance of emotion is still greater.
The data of color and line are suf-
fused with and blended with the
emotional state. So much conse-
quently depends upon the emotional
tone of the color, and the less repre-
sentative the factor and more the
pure lyricism of color is brought out.
Needless to say all modern painters
are superb colorists with very unique
and individual styles.
The foregoing remarks about per-
ception were notrintended to prove
that these paintings are great be-
cause they illustrate theories of per-
ception. That would be to defeat my
own ends. I hoped not to use the
paintings as a means to understand-
ing philosophy, but to use philosophy
- n menns to an intelligent and aes-
thetic perceptions of painting. And
,aye inoral of this tale is - that one
can be intelligent and also enjoy mod-
ern painting.
HALLER'S
Jewelry
State and Liberty
Watch Repairing!

sponsors of this new development in
radio will charge monthly fees for the
reception of radios, and in return for
those payments the radio listener will
be supplied with programs of any
type that he or she desires, free from
all advertising "spiels" that now de-
tract from ordinary radio reception.
With the use of two or three of
these "in-between" frequencies, he
pointed out, the company can give
its subscribers dance music, more ser-
ious music or lecture and informative
programs at the whim of the listener.
It appears more likely that if the
new type of broadcasting is given wide
Send Discovered
Indian Relies Here
More than 100 packages containing
skeletons and pottery found in an an-
cient Indian burying ground in La-
peer County by University archeolo-
gists this summer are being unpacked
at the Museum of Anthropology of
the University, where some of them
will be placed on exhibition, it was
announced yesterday by Dr. B. W.
Hinsdale, director of the Great Lakes
division of the Museum of Anthro-
pology.

IF.--
you haven't tried the
State
Shoe Repair
do it now and see the
difference.
We dye, tint, or gild
any shoes.
ill Work Guaranteed.
1117 So. University Ave.
formerly 301 South State

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In your well-groomed
appearance, you'll want
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$5.00 to $10.00

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110 EAST LIBERTY STREET

PHONE 3110

I

POOR MARY!
Mary's hair was beautiful.
Her eyes and skin were, too.
For when it came to looking nice,
She knew just what to do.
She spent a lot of time and thought
On oils and soaps and creams .. .
She chose her clothes with patience, too.
And that's good sense, it seems.
ButMary missed on one sure~ bet
Tat made her beauty wane .. .
She had her clothes cleaned hit-or-miss .. .
They've never looked the same.
Had Mary bought dry cleaning
With care and thought' and heed,
She would have had them Miracleaned
By Goldman . .. yes, indeed!

iH

I

SEN IORSI

The New 1936 MICHIGAN-
ENSIAN is designed for you.
Have your photograph tak-
en NOW at one of the offi-
cial 'Ensian Photographers.

OS CE I94
Sflfl*
a en
FRN

I

Deadline Date is December 1

11

You will want your pic-

ture to appear among I

I - - - mmv - . L.. - - O A -mp

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