Cloudy, cooler southeast por-
tion teday, tomorrow partly
Mayor Kelly's Censorship ...
The Fourth Estate . . .
VOL. XLVI. No. 21. ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1935
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Student Finds Europe Doesn t
See African Waar As A Danger
Interfraternity Council To
Support Restoration 01
New Definition Of
Rushee Is Adopted
Freshmen To Wear Discs
For Identification In
Rushing Next Fall
Four changes in rushing rules and
a mention of assurance to the Men's
Council that its program to restore
Michigan traditions would be sup-
ported were adopted by the Interfra-
ternity Council last night in its first
meeting of the year.
Most important of the changes, all
of which were of little significance,
is the requirement that each rushee
shall wear a disc, to be included in
his registration fee and to have his
name typewritten upon it, through-
out rushing next fall. A desire that
fraternities would cooperate in this
arrangement by themselves employ-
ing the discs was generally held by
The second change adopted, de-
signed to eliminate unnecessary con-
fusion to the rushee during the si-
lence period, allows each rushee to
obtain and return his preference list
to the office of the Dean of Students
any time between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m.
on the first day of the silence period.
This year the rushee was required to
obtain his preference list before noon
and return it after noon.
The other two changes referred to
definitions: That a rushee shall be
any entering undergraduate male
student not affiliated with any col-
lege fraternity represented on the
campus and who has paid his rush-
ing tax; 'and that a student eligible
to pledge after the pledging Monday
shall be any mnle .undergraduate
student who has been on campus dur-
ing a regular session previous to that
An amendment to the effect that
rushing should end on a Wednesday,
thus giving the rushee another day
to make his decision, was suggested
but was generally regarded as un-
favorable by the council.
Discussion on the means of insur-
ing better attendance at the council
kmeetings was held but no conclusion
was arrived at. Punitive measures
calling for the loss of a vote by the
house whose president was absent for
three meetings were suggested but not
generally approved. The majority of
the members present felt thlat such
measures should be taken only if the
president or an appointed representa-
tive were not present.
Open House Suggested
A suggestion that fraternities hold
open house for a large number of
rushees on the first Sunday of rush-
ing, as a means of facilitating their
elimination of rushees, was made, but
no decision was reached.
George R. Williams, '36, president
of the council, urged fraternities to
cooperate with Ann Arbor police in
preventing fraternity robberies, of
which there have been several this
The question of continuing the fac-
ulty-fraternity dinners of last year
was discussed by John C. McCarthy,
'36, recording secretary of the Union.
Although the council did not discuss
the question, each house was expected
to notify McCarthy of their attitude
within the next month.
Five alumni were nominated as suc-
cessors to William R. Brown as alum-
nus member of the executive commit-I
tee of the council. They were Alfred
B. Connable, Neil Staebler, Dean W.
Titus, Paul F. Icerman, and Thomas
Hinshaw, all of Ann Arbor. President
Ruthven will select one as a repre-
sentative of the executive committee.
The presentation of the interfra-
ternity ,scholarship cup was deferred
as Phi Alpha Kappa, the general fra-
ternity with the highest scholastic
average, is not a member of the cou:n-
David A. Schiffler, '37, was elected
to represent the fifth district in the
For Drama Group
Plans for the organization of a new
dramatic group were discussed last
night in the Garden Room of the
By FRED WARNER NEAL
The people in Geneva, home of the
League of Nations, and throughout
Europe, do not regard the Italo-Ethi-
opian war as the forerunner of a gen-
eral European conflict, according to
Phillip T. Van Zile, '38L, who this
summer attended the Students' Inter-
national Union in Geneva on -a fel-
"The great majority of persons I
met regarded it as nothing but a
localized war," he said.
He added, however, that "because
of the great wave of nationalism
sweeping Europe. I'm afraid a war is
inevitable within 20 yearts
The impression he received at Ge-
nova, Van Zile declared, was this
summer that Great Britain would notI
go as far as provoking hostilities, butI
on the other hand, Italy would de-
terminedly pursue its course in Ethi-i
He was most impressed, however, hei
stated, by the fact that "the mind of
European youth is being warped. They
are being educated, mobilized andt
trained in a philosophy that can re-
sult only in war. Even in the writing1
of history textbooks this is evidenced."
The 30 students from the United
States and Europe who attended the
Union school in Geneva were "very
critical" of the League, he declared.
"None of them accepted it as an ideal.
They believed that, as a unit, it lacked
authority; and that only when the
great powers, such as England and
France, were agreed on its action, did
it have power and force."
Van Zile saw such personages on the
international front as Pierre La-
val, French premier, and Anthony
Eden, England's League representa-
tive, at first hand, both at sessions of
the Council and informally. "The
people of Geneva, being very provin-
cial, pay little or no attention to
them," he said, "and they go about
the streets unnoticed."
Sessions of the International Un-
ion were held from June 9 to Sept. 1.
Most American members were from
eastern universities, he said, and
the European members came from
many of the great continental insti-
tutions of higher learning.
The Union, under the direction of
Dr. Pitman Potter of the University
toontinued on Page 21
$27,000,000 In Funds Is
Set Aside For Salaries Of
Almost All Colleges
nclud ed In Plans
Institutions Have Selected
Students And Designated
WASHINGTON, Oct. 22.-- (P) -
The Federal government proposes to
give part time pay to 9,500 more col-
lege studentsthis semester than last.
Aubrey Williams, director of the
National Youth Administration,
which has $27,000,000 of work relief
funds for needy high school and col-
lege students, said tonight he had
completed arrangements with 1,514
colleges to employ 100,352 students.
The cost will be $1,503,795 a month,
the institutions selecting students and
deciding what they are to do. Last
year the relief administration spent
$1,414,595 a month doing the same
things for 94,331 students in 1,446
institutions. The maximum pay is
$20 a month.
Williams said reports on Conencti-
cut, Minnesota, and Hawaii, hadn't
come in but that he expected them
to bring the total increase to 9,500.
New York will have the largest num-
ber of students employed, 11,689 in
90 institutions, Nevada the smallest
with 97 in one college. Last year
some eastern institutions refused to
cooperate in the program, which
prompted Harry L. Hopkins, relief
administrator, to charge they were
Men Quit Jobs
To End African
Hoare Sees Ray Of Hope
Britain Renews Efforts
Abyssinians Really Hamites, Not
Negroes Or Jews, Worrell Says,
Communication Lines Are
Destroyed; Roofs, Walls
Piled UpIn Ruins
SANTIAGO, Cuba, Oct. 22. - (A) -
A tropical hurricane smashed into
the eastern end of Cuba today, isolat-
ing a huge area, taking an undeter-
mined number of lines and dealing
tremendous damage to property.
A widespread loss of life, officials
feared would be disclosed when shat-
tered communication lines are re-
One person, at least, was killed
here and five injured. Roofs were
blown from houses and walls crumbled
choking streets with debris.
'The force of the storm apparently
was much harder to the east, which
was isolated tonight. In that section
are Guantanamo Bay and Caimanera,
where a United States Naval station
is situated. Baracoa, an important
banana shipping city, and other points
were cut off.
A telegram to the Associated Press
in Havana from Commander Cooke,'
commandant of the United States
Naval Station atGuantanamo Say,
this afternoon said:
"No known loss of life or personal1
injuries in this vicinity. No heavy
property damage at Naval Station and
none reported this vicinity. Maxi-
mum wind velocity at naval station
60 miles an hour."
Reports from the Belen Observatory
at noon said- the center of the dis-
turbance still was hovering over the'
middle of Oriente Province. So un-
certain was the course of the disturb-
ance, which blew in early today from
the Caribbean, that observatories lost
track of it for a while.
S.C.A. Will Help In
SettingUp - Hi-Y
The Student Christian Association
voted in its meeting held last night
in Lane Hall, to assist the Ann Arbor
High School students in establishing
a Hi-Y organization. The work will
Plans for the vocational study
group were also discussed. The work'
of this study group will go ahead with
the help of University officials. Four
distinct and separate discussion
groups ranging in subject matter
from comparative religion to econ-
omics were set up. Plans for the an-
nual S.C.A. sociology trip to Chicago
were reported on by Miriam Hall. No
definite date has been set for the trip.
To Be Staged
Freshman And Sophomore
Leaders Make Threats
This fall's freshmen-sophomore
games will be held Saturday after-
noon, it was announced by William
R. Dixon, '36, president of the Men's
Council, at the Interfraternity Coun-
cil meeting last night.
Contrary'to a previous announce-
ment that the games would be held
the week-end of the Pennsylvania
game, Saturday afternoon was select-
ed as a time which would not inter-
fere with Saturday classes.
Rumors of evil doings by both
freshmen and sophomores on Black
Friday, traditionally the night before
the games, were being circulated by
the respective class leaders.
In speaking before the Interfrater-
nity Council, Dixon emphasized the
necessity of keeping this year's activi-
ties free from disgraceful incidents,
threatening that any violations of de-
cency would be strongly disciplined.
Final arrangements for the week-
end will be announced in tomorrow's
President Wins Race
With Tropical Storm
ABOARD THE U.S.S. HOUSTON
EN ROUTE TO THE UNITED
STATES, Oct. 22. - (/P)--President
Roosevelt's ship, having apparently
outraced the Caribbean hurricane,
prepared today to make a direct run'
to Charleston, S. C., for anchorage"
Clear weather and milder seas were
found after a run through gales last
night. No concern was felt about the
slow-moving hurricane astern.
The President will go ashore at
Charleston tomorrow afternoon and
possibly speak there before boarding
a special train for his return to the
White House Thursday morning.
SPHINX MEETS TODAY
Sphinx will hold a luncheon meet-
ing in the Union today. Sanford
Ladd, '37, president, urges a full at-
By GUY M. WHIPPLE, JR,.
The beliefs held by many well-edu-
cated Americans that the people of
war-torn Abyssinia are "Negroes" or
have "the Jewish blood dominant"
are altogether incorrect, Prof. William
H. Worrell of the oriental languages
and literatures department points out
in the autumn edition of the Michigan
Alumnus Quarterly Review.
Although the conviction that the
Abyssinians are Negroes is sufficiently
prevalent in Negro centers in the
United States to cause Negro-Italian
riots among schoolchildren, Professor
Worrell maintains that the inhabi-
tants of Abyssinia "would be surprised
at being called Negroes."
Rather, Professor Worrell writes,
the people of Abyssinia are basically
Rlamites, although "certain Negro
elements may be seen in physical ap-
pearance and psychic traits, and Se-
mitic elements in appearance, psychic
traits, and language."
Hamitic Branch Identified
Linguists and philologists agree,
Professor Worrell states, in identify-
ing throughout Africa the Hamitic
branch of the Mediterranean white
race "which, in varying degrees and
kinds of combinations with Negroes
and Bushmen, extends from Morocco
to the Cape. On the east side (of
the African continent and locally in
Abyssinia) there is a block of people
whom we call Cushitic Hamites . .
these people, while definitely touched
with a negroid strain of very ancient
origin, are fundamentally not negroid
in the sense of any recent mixture,
and would be surprised at being called
"As one proceeds still farther south
the Negro element increases and ap-
pears to be of comparatively recent
Newspaper photographs of Em-
peror Haile Selasye (or Selassie) have
helped to cement in the minds of
many persons the myth of the Negroid
or Semitic extraction of the Abyssin-
ians, Professor Worrell points out.
The Emperor's face, the writer says,
is of a very definite, familiar Jewish
type, in which Hamitic traits are
not very apparent.
The American press, in its frantic
search for words which will "fit" in
-- - :t-
Pictured above is Degiac Haile
Selassie Gugsa (not to be confused
with the Emperor), who typifies in
a remarkable degree the character-
istic features of the Abyssinian.
Note the essentially non-negroid
visage. The complexion is lighter
than that of the southern African
Negro, and the nose is long and
Gugsa is shown in the uniform of
the Italian colonial forces which he
donned after deserting his father-
land. The picture was sent by
telephone from Rome to London
and thence by radio to New York.
headlines, has popularized "Ethiopia,"
for what should properly be known
as "Abyssinia." The term "Ethiopia,"
(Continued on Page 2)
Two Obscene Articles Are
Named In Proceedings
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Oct. 22. - (P)
- Five officers of the Harvard Advo-
cate, undergraduate monthly banned
from newsstands here Saturday be-
cause of the alleged obscenity of two
of its articles, resigned tonight at the
request of Assistant District Attorney
Frank G. Volpe.
The officers of the ordinarily staid
literary magazine said they were told
by Volpe to resign or appear in court.
The student officers were John J.
Slocum, '36, of Charleston, S.C., pres-
ident; Gerard Piel, '37, of Salisbury,
Conn., business manager; J. Leb
Boyle, of Somerville, secretary; Rob-
ert S. Chafee, '36, of Cambridge, cir-
culation manager; and Charles A.
Haskins, of Cambridge, treasurer.
The magazine was banned by Chief
of Police Timothy F. Leahy as the re-
sult of an anonymous letter which de-
nounced two of its articles for "in-
decency" and "the smuttiest of vul-
After tonight's two-hour confer-
ence, Volpe issued a statement which
"It is about time that college au-
thorities maintained a rigid supervi-
sion over the childish literary efforts
of these embryonic authors who seem
to think it a mark of distinction and
cleverness to dish up dirt for the
edification of their immature minds."
Commons Weighs Problem
In A Three-Day Debate
'No Quarrel With
Fascism,' Is Claim
'Breathing Spell' Remains
Before Economic Action
Starts Against Italy
LONDON, Oct. 22. - () - A new
British peace call to Premier Mus-
solini was sounded in the House of
Commons today when Parliament be
gan a three-day debate on the in-
ternational situation, preliminary to
dissolution and the national elec-
tions Nov. 14.
Striking a definitely conciliatory
note, Sir Samuel Hoare, foreign sec-
retary, summed up the Italo-Ethio-
pian situation with assurances that
sanctions to be taken against Italy
were economic and not military.
He pleaded that there is still time
to work out an honorable and acept-
able African peace agreement.
Hoare's speech caused vigorous op-
position attacks on Government pol-
icies, led by Maj. Clement Richard
Atlee, Laborite, and Sir Herbert Sam-
uel, Liberal, which furnished a key-
note for the election, expected to be
fought out largely on international
Reaffirms Amity With Italy
Reaffirming British friendship for
Italy, Hoare declared that there was
no quarrel with Fascism, noted that
Italy is still a member of the League
and said there was still "a breathing
spell left before the application of
economic pressure begins."
"Cannot this eleventh hour change
be so used as to make it unnecessary
to proceed further along this unat-
tractive road of economic action
against a fellow member, an old
friend and a former ally?" he asked.
Robert W. Bingham, the United
States ambassador; Ambassador Dino
Grandi, of Italy, and a dozen other
diplomats were in the gallery as the
session began with Hoare's declara-
tion that the League is one of the
greatest institutions which mankind
ever attempted to build.
He expressed belief that Leaguekec-
onomic pressure decided upon against
Italy would "definitely shorten the
duration of war."
Denies Military Agreement
Of military sanctions, he said that
a collective agreement at Geneva,
which is a prerequesite for the en-
forcement of such sanctions, "has
never existed * * * and such measures,
therefore, have never formed any part
of our policy.
Expressing disbelief that anyone in
Europe wants war, Sir Samuel said
"how unscrupulous, in view of these
facts,that propagandists hold us up
as war mongers who are determined
to plunge the world into a general
Remarks also were directed toward
"alien slanders" and "lies" against
British conduct in the dispute.
Ethiopians Mowed Down
Impatient Ethiopian wai-;n
the northern front were reod
Tuesday in an Exchange Te1 : h
dispatch from Addis Ababa -he
defied the orders of Dedjazma h&,
eleu and charged into a dea h 'i '.
near the Sudan border.
Ayeleu himself was reported ser-
iously wounded and hundreds of his
followers who forced him into battle
were said to have been killed.
Runners who carried the word to
Addis Ababa said the reckless Ethi-
opians were shot down by hundreds
of machine guns of an Italian moun-
The messengers said that Ayeleu,
following strategy laid down by Em-
peror Haile Selassie's advisers-re-
treat that would draw invaders into
.unfamiliar country far from supply
bases-- tried to dissuade his warriors
from the attack, but consented to lead
them when convinced they were out
On receipt of word of the clash,
Haile Selassie sent a physician by air-
plane to care for Dejazmatch Aye-
. wda. v j
Any Or All Corners
To Football Tussle
The lawyers are not sissies, and
they'll lick anyone who thinks they
Stung to the. quick by sneers at
the manliness of "the Laws" by the
Michigan Alumnus after their field
hockey game last May with a wom-
en's team, a group of law students,
many of them veterans of that game,
after biding their indignation through
the summer vacation, last night is-
sued a challenge to any 11 men on
the campus to meet them in a foot-
ball game sometime during the Home-
The challenge, it was emphasized,
is directed especially to the medical
or engineering schools.
In the "Conning the Campus" fea-
ture in the May 25 issue of the Al-
umnus appeared more than a column
of remarks like: "All dressed up in
short panties and with padded pro-
stectors wrapped solicitously about
their shapely ankles, 11 bold bad
Laws trotted out on the women's
athletic field, went into their 'pep-
up' huddle, and then had"one heck
of a time holding the girls to a 1-1
tie in two 15-minute periods."
So the lawyers, their pride deeply
wounded, besides having scheduled
another field hockey fray for 3:45 p.
m. next Saturday ,have marshalled
their huskiest, including a former
Colgate All-American guard and sev-
eral ex-Varsity men, and will take on
Only members of the present Var-
sity squad are ineligible, according to
The lawyers even offer to provide
a band for the occasion.
Rendezvous Club Will
Two Killed And
Is Strike Toll
Longshoremen Engaged In
Battles At Houston And
LAKE CHARLES, La., Oct. 22.-
(P) - One man was shot and killed
and nine others were shot and
wounded late today in an outbreak
of violence hostilities in the Interna-
tional Longshoremens Association
strike at the Port of Lake Charles.
Some of those wounded were taken
to the hospital in critical condition.
All of those felled by the gunfire
were reported to be members of the
special dock guard of 75 veteran of-
ficers, -armed with machine guns,
rifles and other ammunition.
HOUSTON, Tex., Oct. 22. - () -
One man was dead and two others
were reported missing as police and
strike pickets increased their lines
today in the international longshore-
mens' association strike on the Texas
Galveston port officials, expecting
a "crisis" in the ten day old strike
added 15 men to the special water-
Under Martial Law
KINGSTON, St. Vincent, B. W. I.,
Oct. 22. -(P) -British marines held
this island under martial law tonight
after two days of rioting, in which
three persons were killed.
Belligerent negroes, angered by la-
bor troubles and aroused because of
race feeling as a result of the Italo-
Ethiopian war, were restrained by
World's Binest 'Best Seller'
celebrates 400th Anniversary
Asked For Penn Game
Student admittance to the
Homecoming game with Pennsyl-
vania Saturday, Nov. 2, will prob-
ably depend on the recently is-
sued identification -cards in addi-
tion to the regular ticket, it was
announced yesterday by the Dean
of Students office. Final action
towards making the identification
cards vital to admittance will be
determined by the Athletic Asso-
ciatinn in a meetingr Mondav.
By MARY CAMPBELL
The world's biggest "best seller" has
a birthday this month.
First translated into English just,
400 years ago, the Bible will be cele-
brated this month as a dominant
influence on modern civilization by
groups of prominent people through-
out the English-speaking world.
University students will have an
opportunity to participate in this cele-
bration through a special exhibit of
very old and unique Bibles being ar-
ranged this week in the library under
the direction of Dr. W. W. Bishop,
Of particular interest to Michigan
students on the occasion of this cele-
bration is a modern translation of the
TTHbrw ible recently isq Pr byPnf
this first translation of the Bible,
translations are still being made. In
this work an attempt was made to
give the Bible the best translation
into American language possible and
to make it an up-to-date, dignified
and inexpensive edition.
"This is the first time that the
work of translating the Bible has been
divided into sections, and the portions
given to ones who are specialists in
those respective divisions of the
The New York Times Magazine, in
a recent review of the more important
of the translations, outlined the work
done by Jews, Catholics and Protes-
tants each in their turn since the
dawn of the Christian era. Early in