- l MICiTI AN DTIV
TUESDAY; OCTOBER 22, 1935
Facing Trial For Fraud In
Vote Recount And Ballot
President Boards Ship On Vacation Cruise
DETROIT, Oct. 21. --(P) - Claim
of inmunity from prosecution wer
raised by Elmer B. O'Hara, Demo-
cratic state chairman, and three co-
defendants today during the forma
arraignment of 22 persons facing
trial for alleged vote recount fraud
of last December.
The immunity claims were based
on the theory that they had testified
before the grand jury which investi-
gated the charges of fraud and ballo
Besides O'Hara, the defendants
Franklin K. Morgan, deputy clerk o
Wayne county; Herbert Sullivan and
James Walker claimed immunity.
Judge John V. Brennan of re-
corder's court, who presided at the
arraignment, said the immunity pleas
would have to be passed upon by
the trial judge to -be named later.
The court's docket clerk said the
recount case probably would be set for
trial Nov. 12.
(Continued from Page 1)
manuscripts in more than one field
if he or she so desires.
The deadline for all entries in the
Freshman Hopwood contest this se-
nester has been set at 4 p.m. Fri-
day, January 31, 1936, at which time
all manuscripts must be deposited in
the English office on the third floor of
Angell Hall. Three typewritten,
double-spaced copies of the manu-
script, on 8'/ by 11 inch pper, should
be handed in, together with a sealed
envelope enclosing the author's name
and address and bearing his pseud-
onym on the outside, according to the
Institute Meets In
Union For Session
(Continued from Page 1)
Dean Anthony, speaking on "Con-
servation Aspects of State Planning
in Michigan" at 1:45 p.m., Prof.
Wight, on "The Hunter and the
Countryside," at 2:30 p.m., and C.
DeForest Platt, on the Nation Park
Service of the Department of In-
terior on "The Waterloo Land Use
Adjustment Project" at 3:15 p.m.
The lecture program for today will be
concluded by P. J. Hoffmaster, of the
State Department of Conservation,
whose subject will be, "How Michi-
gan Handles Its Wild Lands."
Large Public Debt
(Continued from Page 1)
higli or too low. "Do we spend too
much for war; do we spend too much
for education; do we spend too much
for highways? Are these expenses
justified? If they are not justified we
are paying too much in taxes." In
the matter of equitable collection of
taxes the professor pointed out that
the very rich who should pay the
larger taxes are often able through
legal means to avoid any payments,
citing thencases of Mellon, "who de-
cided himself what was a fair tax for
the government, and J. P. Morgan,
who avoided paying any taxes at all
by setting off paper losses against his
The matter of wise spending Pro-
fessor Handman felt was a matter of
an effort on the part of the people to
secure a proper, decent, and educated
group of public servants. He felt,
however, that the charges of waste
in public administration against the
economy of so-called business admin-
istration, were "far from justified."
The questions from the floor which
followed the discussion were largely
bout the New Deal. Professor Hand-
man suggested that it was not so
much a question of a criticism of the
New Deal as the economic system
which made the New Deal necessary.
Re pointed out that if taxes increased
those who pay higher taxes also have
an income which rises faster than the
In conclusion Professor Handman
expressed his belief that the capitalist
system is not breaking down; the real
trouble is that the capitalists them-1
selves are not allowing it to function
as it should.
Gen. Greely, Arctic
Hero, Dead At 91
WASHINGTON, Oct. 21.-- (P) -
Maj. Gen. Adolphus W. Greely, Arctic
explorer and holder of the congres-
sional medal of honor, is dead at the
age of 91.
The end came yesterday after an
illness of two weeks in Walter Reed
hospital. His tenacious hold on life
during that period amazed physicians,
but Greely always had been known
for his tenacity. With six of his
men he lived for four years in the
Arctic until a relief expedition rescued
them in 1884.
On March 27 of this year Congress
voted him the congressional medal
Although most of his fame rests
on his Arctic explorations, Greely was
known as an expert on history and
documents in the war department
and for his work in laying telegraph
wires as chief of the army signal
Police Chief Warns
Declaring that Hallowe'en prank-
sters should show more respect for
other peoples' property, Chief of Po-
lice Lewis W. Fohey issued an early
warning to all would be practical jok-
ers that the scout cars and patrol-
men would be on the lookout for of-
fenders who scratch cars, break win-
dows, steal moveable equipment from
yards and do other damage.
"The fun of Hallowe'en is not go-
ing to be spoiled," Chief Fohey said,
"but pranksters causing damage will
be severely punished." Reports of
damage done to cars by pre-Hallow-
e'en celebrators caused the forceful
warning from police headquarters
States Consumers Would
Profit By Fair Return For
WASHINGTON, Oct. 21.--(k)--
Gingerly preparing for its efforts to
increase the price the farmer gets for
potatoes, the AAA sought to show to-
day that the consumer would be better
off if prices were "stabilized."
It issued a statement saying studies
indicated "that the consumer would
pay lower prices for potatoes than he
has averaged over a period of years
in the past if prices were stabilized
at a fair return to the grower."
"The surveys," it said, "included
years of high, low and average pro-
duction since 1920 and the comparison
showed that the cost to the purchaser
of potatoes was less in the normal
years than the average of the high
and low seasons.
"The years of medium production
included in one survey were 1923 and
1827. The smallest potato crop in
the period from 1923 to 1982 was in
1925. The largest crop was in 1928.
"The analysis by AAA economists
showed that the cost to the consumer
during the average of the small crop
year of 1925 and the large crop year
of 1928 was $2.11 a bushel. The cost
during the two years of medium pro-
duction averaged $1.91 a bushel.
"Thus the consumers paid dur-
ing this period 20 cents more per
bushel in the years of extremely high
and low production than in the years
of moderate production."
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STUDENT HAND LAUNDRY: Prices
reasonable. Free delivery. Phone
LAUNDRY 2-1044. Sox darned.
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Initials F.C.H. Dial 2-3509.
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please call 5523. No questions asked.
LOST: AT INDIANA game, section
three a blue-knitted belt, white tri-
angles at either end. Phone 2-2155.
THE TIME SHOP
MY WATCH STOPS.
I'll Take It to
1121 So. University Ave.
-Associated Press Photo.
President Roosevelt being photographed over the side of the Cruiser
Houston after visiting Panama and the Canal Zone on his vacation trip
in southern waters.
New Cancer Cure Apparatus
Planned By Local Physicists
STATIONERY: Printed with your
name and address. 100 sheets, 100
envelopes. $1.00. Many styles.
Craft Press, 305 Maynard. 9x
TEACHER of popular and classical
piano music. Helen Louise Barnes.
Call 8469. 2x
MARTIN trumpet with case. Sacri-
fice at less than half, like new. Call
State Police To
By E. BRYCE ALPERN
The possibility of bringing new
radioactive materials, besides radium,
to the checking and cure of cancer
by the use of a cyclotron to be built
by the University next semester was
discussed yesterday by Prof. H. M.
Randall of the physics department.
1 The cyclotron, he stated, can make
many materials radioactive, causing
them to shoot out radiations of energy
of great penetrating force, similar to
the radiations sent out naturally by
radium. Because the radioactivity
of radium has been so useful in the
cure of cancer, it is expected that this
temporary radioactivity, induced into
other materials, may be the instru-
ment necessary for a more successful
treatment. "Some of these artificial
radioactive materials, moreover, may
be injected into the body safely, while
natural radioactive substances can
not," Professor Randall added.
Another important objective in
building the cyclotron, the funds for
which were given from the Rackham,
fund, is the furnishing of University
physicists with the equipment neces-
sary for, studying the constituents
of the atm, which is the basic sub-1
division of all matter. Extensive re-
search will be made by members of1
the physics faculty in other fields,
including the study of the effects
of high voltages up to a million volts.
Plans Being Made
Plans for the cyclotron, which was
developed by Prof. E. G. Lawrence at1
the University of California, are now
being made at that institution, with
the aid of Prof. James Cork of thes
physics department who is collaborat-
ing in the research. Upon Professor
Cork's return, he and Dr. Thornton, a6
research fellow at California, who will
become a member of the staff, will
set up and place in operation the
cyclotron, which, it is hoped, will be
in operation by the end of next semes-
ter. The apparatus will weigh, when
completed, about 100 tons, most of
which is contributed by a large mag-
net with poles from 50 to 60 inches
"The physics department has
charge of setting up the equipment
and carrying on research with it, asq
well as supplying to the department
of roentgenology sufficient quantitiest
Are Felt In Helenat
HELENA, Mont., Oct. 21. - ( )-
Windows were shattered by a fresh
series of earth shocks today.
Windows crashed with recurrent
jolts, some of which were of two sec-a
onds duration. No casualties and noc
major damage was reported.i
The total number of tremors sincea
last Friday night has reached 264
and the grand total, since Oct. 12,1
Reconstruction Finance Corpora-a
tion representatives announced plansu
for rehabilitation of damaged prop-
Additional discomfort was sufferede
by the 400 to 500 refugees camped in i
National Guard tents west of the t
city as temperatures dropped sharply,.
of artificially radioactive materials
to permit researches in the field of
biology and medicine, and cancer in
particular," Professor Randall stated
The auxiliary equipment which is ex-
tensive and intricate, he expects, wil
be built in the physics shops.
Randall Explains Action
What the cyclotron does, according
to Professor Randall, is to give a very
large speed to hydrogen ions, which
are infinitesimal, electrically charged
particles and then to send them hur-
tling against the nuclei of atoms, thus
shattering them. The peculiar fact
that certain nuclei, when subjected to
this bombardment, become unstable
and temporarily radioactive is the
basis upon which the hopes of curing
cancer are based, he said. All the
elements down to platinum, declares
Prof. Randall, can be made to dis-
play this characteristic.
The high velocity is given to the
ions, Professor Randall explained, as
they whirl in expanding spirals in a
strong magnetic field of large, cir-
cular cross-section. As they revolve
about, they are subjected twice every
revolution to electric field of ten
to twenty thousand volts. By the
time they have circled about 400
times, they have reached the tre-
mendous speeds equivalent to falling
through a million volt electric field.
These speeds, Professor Randall
continued, are amply sufficient to dis-
rupt the atom. Although the use of
high speed particles in bombarding
other particles is not new, this method
is, and it gives to particles a much
greater velocity than any other meth-
od known, he said.
To Be Maped
DES MOINES, Oct. 21.--(/P)-
George Olmsted, national chairman
of the Young Republicans, today
called a meeting of leaders from the
48 states to map what he termed an
"American way" middle course for
the 1936 campaign.
The meeting will be held here Nov.
9, 10 and 11.
"Young people in every section of
the country, regardless of political af-
filiation . . - recognize the evils of the
New Deal," said Olmsted in announc-
ing the meeting.
They also recognize the impossibil-
ity of returning to the old order.
"They believe there is a third road,
an 'American way,' along which a free
citizen can march secure in his own
independence and happiness but also
guard his neighbor's well being."
Olmsted sent letters to all Young
Republican state leaders asking each
state to name five delegates, including
at least one woman, for the "American
- The national meeting, through an
exchange of ideas between state lead-
ers, would, he said, "make it possible
to find out what the young people of
the nation want done and how we can
iX Ions Ut Laundry Ionday's
-M-4 -a- r aB i dTwo New
Quota From University Hospital a
By ROBERT WEEKS in large perforated cylinders which
Hospital sheets, athletes' towels, are revolved rapidly causing the wa- EAST L
ter to be whirled off by centrifugal The state
Sand nurses' uniforms comprise a char-force. will establ
acteristic cross section of the Uni- Nurses' caps, uniforms and other broadastim
versity's laundry bundle. All of these articles to be starched are taken up- ton Lake a
articles and many others come from stairs at this time. After nurses' caps Lieut. Ca
their various sources extending from are starched, they are carried by a of radio we
the lockers in the Intramural Sports conveyor through an oven in which cost appro
they are subjected to heat for 30 min-
Building to the wards of the Uni- utes. Shirts, intricately pleated for a 5,0
versity Hospital and meet in the Uni- nurses' uniformes and other pieces re- at Paw Pa
versity Laundry. quiring careful ironing are taken care Scavarda
It i the that rd brk build of here, for the laundry washes the conditions
tisthere, inthatredbrickbuild-personal clothing of nurses and in- tions will
ing behind the School of Dentistry, ternes as well as rugs, and curtains. ference wi
that as many as 191,000 pieces of The spectacle of diapers, andfrom the E
wash a week are subjected to the lat- League table cloths going through The Pay
est in laundrying processes by more the same ironer might provoke one operation 1
than 80 employees, most of whom are to inquire if Monday is the red letter wnt b
women. in the University's laundry just as it is will not be
After the bundles arrive they are at home. The answer is, yes, but the is contemp
weighed and sorted. The University rest of the week is busy, too. Houghton
Hospital weighs in the heaviest and - - Paw.
comprises around 80 per cent of the The add
laundry's work. On Monday as much Search I egi s will mean
as six tons may come from the Hos- operators a
pital. The Contagious Hospital is to the usu
also served by the laundry, but all its For 37 Lost In
work is handled in the basement and
is in that way carefullyisolated. Storm At Sea DAI
The washing is done in large re--"__
volving cylinders with water which W
has been previously filtered and sof- LONDON, Oct. 21.--(A')- Eight
tened in the basement. After being ships searched today for 37 men lost 15c t
washed the articles are rinsed com- after abandoning a foundering
pletely six times in soft water and on freighter in a raging storm which
the last rinse blued. Drying is done killed 13 and injured scores in the 2 FIRS
The crew of the 5,735-ton freighter NAI
Fitzgerald Favors Vardulia took to their lifeboats in
Oltg e lifa r tempestuous seas 400 miles west of A
Old Relief SysteM the Hebrides after sending SOS calls A®
Since then there has been no trace
LANSING, Oct. 21.- (A-Gov. of the storm-lashed crew or of the
Fitzgerald asked Dr. William Haber, ship. MARJ
state emergency relief administra- The crew of the freighter Penden-
tor, and the relief commission today nis, wireless messages related, were "DIZ
to continue to administer direct relief luckier. Before the Pendennis sank
funds in Michigan under the present ukr.BfrthPndnssnk
funsm. iin the North sea, whipped by the same
system. storm, the Norwegian steamer Iris
Dr. Haber said the commission r-ached her and took off 22 men. The L
would accept the responsibility with stricken ship was heavily laden with
the understanding that there is to be LOW
no change in the personnel of the
"In view of the coming winter I do MU
not wish to take issue with the fed-
eral government on its relief program
in Michigan and jeopardize our fed- LAST TIMES TODAY
eral income," the governor told a "CHINA SEAS" and
delegation from the Ottawa and Al- "SMART GIRL"
legan county boards of supervisors -- --- Added
today. "COOKIE CARNIVAL" Silly Symphony
The governor said Dr. Haber would --Tomorrow and Thursday
ask the FERA for $2,900,000 to meet Two First-Run Features *
November welfare needs. At the DRESSE ROKHRILL"
same time, he explained, local units D EDNTOWERIL
of government must exert every effort EKing Solomon of Broadway"
to raise funds to match federal money.
vatinees 2 & 3:30 f NO
Evenings Shows MA JESTICDVANCE SA
at 7 and 9. IN PRICES
so NEW-IT'S A YEAR AHEAD ON
ANSING. Oct. 21. -(VP) -
police announced today it
ish two new police radio
ng stations, one at Hough-
and the other at Paw Paw.
aesar J. Scavarda, in charge
ork, said the program will
ximately $70,000. It calls
00 watt radio-telephone
explained that geological
in the areas the new sta-
cover have caused inter-
th the receipt of signals
Fast Lansing station.
w Paw station may be in
before winter, the lieuten-
ut that at Houghton Lake
operating until spring. It
plated to spend $40,000 at
Lake and $30,000 at Paw
ition of radio equipment
the employment of four
at each station in addition
al six uniformed Mien.
BARB ECU ES
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AF" IV I
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