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March 01, 1935 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1935-03-01

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The Weather

Y

it11igau

l5Iaitj

Editorials

Generally fair and warmer
today; moderate winds.

The Hospital Keeps Abreast ..
Oratorical Stalemate..
To Be Viewed With Alarm.

VOL. XLV. No. 109 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 1, 1935

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Relief Bill
,Opposition
Decreasing
Administration May Win
In Work Relief Issue,
Indications Show
President Confers
With Congressmen
Social Security Measure
Being Revised By Ways
And Means Committee
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28- () -
The accumulated grief of congres-
sional leaders was depositedcat the
White House today after President
Roosevelt's return, but with the bad
news there was word that the oppo-
sition seemed to be weakening in the
work relief scrap.
If the White House wins the strug-
gle centering about the MCarran
prevailing wage amendment to the
$4,880,000,000 work relief measure, it
probably will not fret just now over
troubles accumulating about the so-
cial security program.
There were persistent reports to-
day that some of the 21 Democrats
who voted against the President on
the McCarran amendment were weak-
ening. Senator Robinson of Arkan-
sas, the majority leader, and the
President reviewed the situation at a
White House conference.
Action Is Delayed
Action, however, was impossible be-
fore Monday, for the Senate recessed
until then.
The House ways and means com-
mittee has been reshaping the social
security measure and it has been
changed radically from the original
purpose for old age pensions and un-
employment insurance drawn by the
President's cabinet committee.
The job of choosing between the
two versions will be put up to the
President, but Senator Lewis (Dem.-
Ill.) believes neither measure should
be adopted. He said he would have
a substitute for the cabinet commit-
tee's bill.
Other developments in the capital
included:
Holmes Gravely Ill
Oliver Wendell Holmes, former as-
sociate justice of the supreme court,
who will soon be 94, was reported
gravely ill at his home.
Attorney-general Cummings said
the Administration would appeal Fed-
eral court decisions affecting the coal
code and holding section 7-a of the
NIRA unconstitutional as applied to
the Weirton Steel Co.
Senator Norris (Rep.-Neb.) intro-
duced a bill to require that persons
seeking to enjoin the operation of
the TVA be required to post bond to
cover the loss due to delays.
Representative Rankin (Dem.-
Miss.) introduced a similar bill in the
House.
Repeal Move Collapses
The joint Senate and House move,
aimed at repeal of the income tax
publicity provisions apparently col-
lapsed.
The Senate territories committee
voted to authorize an inquiry into
Gov. Paul M. Pearson's administra-
tion of the Virgin Islands.
Caney Creel
Players Plan

Program Here
Kentucky Mountain Group
To Present Plays And
Original Folk-Songs
The Caney Creek Players, a group
from the "heart" of the Kentucky
Mountains, will present a program of
plays and original lays of the folk-
lore and legends of the southern High-
lands under the auspices of the Stu-
dent Christian Association March 9
in Lane Hall.
The Players are a missionary group
who are trying to "regenerate and
improve social conditions in the re-
gion of Kentucky around Caney
Creek." They have already made
progress toward modernizing the re-
gion and helping the people to im-
prove homes in that region.
According to Elizabeth Evans, '37,
chairman of the committee in charge
of sponsoring the group, the Caney
Players "have been received enthus-
iastically by Church and Sunday,

Local Trades Council ReactsI
To Court's Anti-Labor Rulings

Local application of the recent ju-I
dicial decisions setting aside the
famed Section 7-A of the NRA guar-
anteeing labor the right of collective
bargaining, was found in the counter-
acting action passed last night by the
Ann Arbor Trades and Labor Council.
The local labor organization passed
the following resolutions:
1. To communicate with the West
Virginia Federation of Labor, asking
that they request the legislature in
that state (in which the Weirton Steel
Corporation is located) to enact legis-
lation giving labor the right to col-
lective bargaining.
2. To communicate with Congress-
men requesting the introduction of a
bill which will limit the power of ju-
dicial review to the Supreme Court.
3. To present a bill to the State Leg-1
islature asking for an inquiry into theI

courses of study of law students per-
taining to labor, and demanding that
some recognition of such training be
included in the bar examination.
"The action which will allow only
the Supreme Court to declare acts of
Congress unconstitutional, will elim-
inate delay and misunderstanding in
such decisions," Harry Reifin, secre-
tary of the labor council stated.
The act which will require a knowl-
edge of labor problems for admission
to the bar, will give the working man
better justice, Mr. Reifin explained,
because judges will understand the
viewpoint of labor.
"Undoubtedly labor will be in a
position to obtain fairer decisions
from judges who understand its prob-
lems, and their definite economic re-
actions, than from those who have
been schooled only in the field of
profits," he said.

i

"

Cooling Systems Minnesota Students
S ect Of Hurl Verbal Eggs
.A re Sub ec Of
At The Professors
Radio Address
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., Feb. 28. -
"My professor - can see things only
Professor McCabe Points from one direction, his own . . . as a
Out Need For Low-Cost lecturer, is dead on his feet . . . if he
were able to lecture as well as he now
Air-Conditioning stalls around .&. . is lousy . . . is the
laughing stock of his college ... is an
That air-conditioning is impracti- inane, muddle-headed numbskull .
is a blight on the tree of knowl-
cals ye edge .
cause of the high cost of the system, Students are back-biting professors,
was brought out by Prof. Warren L. which comes under the heading of
McCabe of the engineering school in news. In response to a hearty invi-
his alkove sttio WJ lat nghttat ion by the Minnesota Daily to tell
his talk over station WJR last night wat was wrong with their instruc-
broadcast from the campus radio tors, members of the student body of
studios in Morris Hall. the student body of the University of
"Although many excellent room Minnesota unscrewed their fountain
coolers are on the market," Profes- pens, oiled up their typewriters, and
sor McCabe said, "there is need for went to work. A small sample of the
a small residence cooling unit that result is given above.
is safe, simple, reliable, and inexpens- With criticisms pouring in, in dis-
i to manufacture and operate. Low heartening numbers from the fac-
initial cost is especially important ulty's point of view, 60 instructors
because a cooling unit is needed for have been given the verbal "works."
only about 1000 hours per year in a
climate such as that of Detroit." Festival H onors
Need Is Apparent
According to Professor McCabe the Co
outstanding applications of complete
railroad cars, restaurants, some office y s I1ilUsician
buildings, and other public and semi-
public structures. "There will be," he
said, "further development and strik- A young Michigan composer, Dor-
ing improvements in the air-condi- othy James of Ypsilanti, will be hon-
tioning of large buildings, and this ored at the 42nd Annual May Festival,
branch of the industry is now defi- to be given May 15, 16, 17, and 18 in
nitely established." Hill Auditorium, when the American
Dr. David M. Cowie, professor of premiere of the "Jumbles" will be
pedriatics and infectious diseases in given at the Friday afternoon concert.
the mMiss Juva Higbee, supervisor of
the medical school, who spoke before music in the Ann Arbor Public
Professor McCabe on the program, Schools, will conduct the Young Peo-
discussed sensitization diseases. ple's Festival Chorus of more than
"Sensitization is present," Profes- 400 voices in a joint program with
sor Cowie said, "when the skin, the the Chicago Symphony Orchestra in
mucous membranes of the nose, the the performance of "Jumbles," which
eyes and the bronchial tubes are was written by Miss James.
highly sensitive to certain particles Miss James was born in Chicago in
that come in contact with them, either 1r01 and received her general educa-
lirectly, as through the air, or indi- tion in public and private schools of
rectly, as through the blood stream." that city. She was a student under
Defines Sensitization the late Adolf Weidig in musical
According to Professor Cowie, peo- theory and composition, and there-
Aece, hves, after for several years she was guided
ple who complain of eczema, hives, by Dr. Howard Hanson, the dis-
hay fever, or asthma are said to be tinguished composer and musical di-
sensitized. He further pointed out rector of the Eastman School of
that these diseases are mostly heredi- Music, Rochester, N.Y., and by Dr.
tary. Edwin Stringham of New York City.
Professor Cowie stated that there For several years Miss James has
are hundreds of sensitization clinics, been a member of the faculty of the
one of which is located in the Univer- Michigan State Normal College. Her
sity Hospital, which makes various works have been performed by the
tests to determine the substance to Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra
which a person is sensitive. with Howard Hanson as conductor.

Newspaper
Heads Favor
PeacePolicy
College Editorial Group,
Literary Digest Conduct
Nation-Wide Poll
Favor Entrance In
League Of Nations
Voice Strong Opposition
To Large Air-F or c e,
Navy Program
The same strong sentiment against
war that was expressed by college stu-
dents all over the country, was like-
wise expressed by college editors in a
special poll of the editorial boards of
campus dailies throughout the nation
conducted by the Literary Digest and
the Association of College Editors.
On only one of the seven questions
- whether or not the United States
should enter the League of Nations -
did the vote of the editors differ from
that of the undergraduates in general.
Forty-three of the eighty who re-
turned ballots favored United States
entry. In the student poll, the plan
was opposed by a slim margin.
"Can Avoid War"
The ballots bore the same questions
used in the poll of colleges, and also,
the questions asked on the Peace Bal-
lot being conducted in England by
the British League of Nations Union.
Asked whether they believed the
United States could stay out of an-
other great war, the editors voted 53
to 26 in the affirmative. They also
voted by large majorities that they
would bear arms in defense of their
country if its borders were invaded,
but that they would not bear arms
for the United States "in the invasion
of the borders of another country."
Sixty-three editors opposed a na-
tional policy of an American Navy and
Air Force second to none as a sound
method of insuring us against be
drawn into another great war. Only
17 favored this plan.
Support Disarmament
The largest majority of the poll was
expressed in favor of government con-
trol of armament and munitions in-
dustries. An almost equally large
number of the collegiate editors ap-
proved the principle of universal con-
scription of all resources of capital
and labor in order to control all prof-
its in time of war. The vote on this
issue was 67 to 9.
On the first of the British League of
Nations Union Peace Ballot questions,
Are you in favor of an all-around
reduction of armaments by interna-
tional agreement?" the editors voted
in the affirmative, 69 to 6.
Fifty-four voted in favor of an all-
round abolition of national military
and naval aircraft by international
agreement, and a large majority ap-
proved the prohibition of the sale
and manufacture of armaments for
private profit by international agree-
ment.
Favor Forced Peace
Every editor voting, except one,
stated that he believed if a nation
insists on attacking another that the
other nations should combine to com-
pel it to stop by economic and mili-
tary measures. The editors were op-
posed, however, 38 to 31, to a combi-
nation of other nations using military
measures to compel an agressor na-
tion to stop attacking.
These special ballots were mailed
to the editorial boards of 644 college
newspapers, and only 80 replys were
received; only one editor out of every
eight their filled out or returned the

ballot. However, one student out of
every three who received a ballot in
the general college poll, filled out
and returned his ballot.
Engineering Group
Sponsors Smoker
The decision to sponsor a smoker
at the Union around the time of
spring vacation and to hold a large
scale "open house" of the entire engi-
neering college at spring homecoming
were made by the Engineering Coun-
cil at its meeting last night.
An engineer 'of prominence" will
be engaged to speak at the smoker,
Allen Knuufi, '35E, president of the
council, stated. It is not definitely
known whether the affair will be held
before or after spring vacation, which
begins April 5. Refreshments will
be served, the president said.
The open house in the engineering
college will be on the large scale of
four years ago, Joseph Wagner, '35E;
explained. The Council will furnist
guides for students from high schoolz

Doctors Fight
To Save Life
Of YounoBaby
Coast Guard Rushes 16
Months-Old Child From
Island Home
Doctors fought last night to save the
life of 16-months-old Francis Caron,
Jr., who was rushed here from an
island off the Leelanau Peninsula
through heavy seas and over icy roads
to have a bean removed from his lung.
While the baby, son of Mr. and Mrs.
Francis Caron, of South Manitou Is-
land, was in an extremely critical
condition, University Hospital physi-
cians still held hope for his life. The
operation removing the bean was per-
formed yesterday.
Francis, Jr., was taken to the main-
land Wednesday by the U.S. Coast
Guard, who braved the stormy Lake
Michigan waves to take the infant to
Glen Arbor, where Dr. Fred Murphy
rushed him to Munson Hospital in
Traverse City. An X-ray examination
showed that a bean which had been
lodged in his left lung was the cause
of his illness, and doctors hurried the
youngster on to the University Hos-
pital in an ambulance.
"When the lad's O.K. again," Coast
Guardsmen told the anxious parents
"either the boys at Sleeping Bear Sta-
tion will bring you across to the island
or we'll come and get you." The par-
ents, who waited in Traverse City a
the life of their baby son hung in th
balance, said the voyage to the main-
iand was one of the roughest of th
winter.
Doctors here inferred that th
fight for little Francis' complete re-
covery will be a long one, and tha'
if they succeed in saving his life, hc
will be confined to the hospital fo
a long period.
Esperanto To
Be Subject Of
SpeechToday
Professor Clarence L. Meader, mem-
ber of the University general linguis-
tics department, will deliver a talk at
4:15 this afternoon on "Esperanto -
The International Language" in the
Natural Science Auditorium. He wil
be introduced by Dr. Francis S. On-
derdonk, former member of the Uni-
versity architectural college.
Esperanto is an international aux-
iliary language which is rapidly in-
creasing in popularity in Europe and
the Far East. Among the association
using and recommending it are the
League of Nations, International La-
bor Office, International Red Cross.
Rotarians, and the Boy Scouts.
Prof. Meader, master of 100 dif-
ferent languages, is an outstanding
authority in his field and has had
the distinction of mastering Dutch
in three days. He will discuss the the-
oretical possibility of an artificial
language for universal use.

Fraternity Survey
Slight Majority
Modification

Shows
Favors

Pledges And Professors
Present Complaints On
Hell Week To Presi~dent

--- --p

Is Dangerously Ill

Faculty Members Claim
That Hell Week Has Bad
Effect On Studies
Hazing Results In
Nervous Collapse

OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES
Anderson Calls
For Freshman
S.C.A. Tryouts
Positions Will Be Open In
Various Committees Of
Organization
A call to all freshmen interested
n trying out for the positions in'the
student organization of the Student
Christian Association was issued yes-
'erday by Russell F. Anderson, '36,
,resident of the S.C.A.
Anderson stated that all prospective
tryouts were requested to call Lane
Hall and make appointments with the
secretary. Second semester, freshmen
-nd first semester sophomores, who
have met the scholastic requirements
set up by the University Administra-
tion, will be allowed to try out. A
freshman must not have any grads
below "C" and at least one mark of
"B" or better.
The tryouts will be assigned to
various upper-class cabinet members
for work in the respective fields of
hese persons and will be placed on
)ne of fourteen committees. Next fall
hey, will be promoted to regular posi-
-ions on these committees.
Positions on the following commit-
ees will be available. for tryouts:
,-ublicity, finance, social, extension,
house, intercollegiate, sociology, cam-
)us correlation, foreign students,
freshmen, and camp. Activities of the
3.C.A. are open to both men and
women.
From the membership of these
committees will be chosen the pres-
ident, vice-president, and secretary of
"he organization, who supervise the
entire policy and'program of the Stu-
dent Christian Association. It is cus-
omary for a woman to be elected
vice-president.
The S.C.A. annually sponsors many
projects of campus interest among
which are the Freshman Handbook,
Freshman Orientation Camp, the
Fresh Air Camp, and lectures and
forums. --_

Definite charges against Hell Week
practices have been placed before
President Alexander G. Ruthven in
two forms, letters from pledges them-
selves and complaints from faculty
members.
"I have received several letters and
criticisms from pledges complaining
of rough treatment during Hell Week,
and professors have informed me that
students undergoing this period come
to classes unable to do their work,"
President Ruthven stated yesterday.
I have not as yet made a thorough
study of the conditions here and,
therefore, would not wish to state
my views on Hell Week at the pres-
ent time."
Student Suffers Collapse
It was revealed last night that a
student, after going through a four-
day hazing in a local fraternity re-
cently, suffered a temporary mental
collapse. A physician was imme-
diately called in for the boy who,
after a short time, responded favor-
ably to treatment. The attending
physician was not a member of the
Health Service staff and it is reported
that he attributed the collapse di-
rectly to the strain of the Hell Week
program.
The case was not reported to the
Health Service and Dr. Warren E.
Forsythe, director, said last 'night
that he had no knowledge of it. In
an interview recently, however, Dr.
Forsythe cited a case similar to the
one which recently occurred.
Poll Is Conducted
In a preliminary poll of 44 houses
conducted last night to determine
general fraternity sentiment on Hell
Week, it was revealed that 20 houses
were in favor of modification, 16 de-
sired the programs to be conducted
as they now are, five voted for com-
plete abolition of all activities, and
three houses refused to commit them-
selves.
Senior fraternity officers, for the
most part, were interviewed but in
instances where they were not avail-
able, seniors were questioned. They
were asked to voice the general senti-
ment of their respective houses on
the question but in cases where the
sentiment was not known, personal
opinion was accepted.
The greater majority of those who
voted for a Hell Week as now con-
ducted, specifically indicated that
they meant "remain as it is now con-
ducted in our house."
Opinion Is Divided
Diversity of opinion greeted the
question "If you are in favor of mod-
ification, do you believe that the In-
terfraternity Council can adequately
enact legislation toward this end and
afterward control the situation?" The
houses divided almost equally on the
question, running the gamut from
emphatic "No's" to equally emphatic
"Yes's. "
Some of the particular practices
of Hell Week which should be mod-
ified, according to the results of the
poll, are paddling, duration of the
period, errands which get the pledges
into trouble, and long night trips.
Alvin H. Schleifer, '35, secretary of
the Interfraternity Council, said yes-
terday that the meeting of the Coun-
cil as a whole, which was originally
scheduled to be held at :30 p.m.
Tuesday, has been postponed to the
same time Thursday. This change
was necessitated, Schleifer explained,
by a conflicting meeting of the Fra-
ternity Buyers' Association.
State Relief Load Less
This Month Than Last
State relief demands dropped four
and one-half per cent during the first
three weeks of February, it was an-
nounced yesterday by Dr. William
Haber, state emergency relief direc-
tor. This report was based on re-

Dr. Coller Gives Lecture On
Recent Advances In Surgery

Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes
Seriously Ill With Pneumonia

By CLINTON B. CONGER,
Modern methods of surgery and
surgical diagnosis have been devel-
oped almost entirely in the past half-
century, Dr. Frederick A. Coller yes-
terday told a capacity audience which
heard' him speak in Natural Science
Auditorium. The lecture was the
fifth by local faculty mmebers on the
University Lecture Series.
He opened his lecture on "The
Progress of Surgery in Recent Years"
by an outline of the history of surgery
since its inception by the early Egypt-
ians, and illustrated his remarks by
pictures of early operations and pages
from surgical textbooks.
Under the Greeks, Dr. Coller said,
external surgery and treatment of
wounds rose to a remarkable effi-
ciency, and the Roman armies in the
field were accompanied by Greek
surgeons. After the fall of the Rom-
an empire, however, surgery remained
alive in only three places: Constan-

ly afterwards Andros Perez, a barber
surgeon, rose from an army surgeon
to be surgeon to the kings of France,
and founded a college in Paris where-
at the itinerant barbers might learn
the fundamentals of surgery.
The great dangets which now re-
mained to surgery were in pain and
shock, infection, and hemmorhage,
Dr. Coller said. "Hemmorhage was
brought more or less under control
when William Harvey, English scien-
tist, brought to light the principles of
the circulation of blood."
The great Pasteur first explored
the field of bacteriology, and his find-
ings were utilized by Lord Lister,
founder of antiseptic surgery. Dr.
Coller described the first antiseptic
surgery as one in which the antisep-
tic fluid was sprayed about the room
with a pump, carbolic acid was sloshed
in the wound with a sponge, and the
surgeon wore rubber boots. The re-
sults, however, were relatively success-

WASHINGTON, Feb. 28 - (R) -
Oliver Wendell Holmes, once the
"great liberal" of the Supreme Court,
was so gravely ill tonight that oxygen
was being used in an effort to save
his life.
Three tanks filled with the gas
were sent to his home, an old red
brick town house at 1720 I St., N.W.,
shortly after 4 p.m. today. Several
empty containers were taken away.
Friends said that the venerable
jurist had been ill since last Saturday
with bronchial pneumonia.
His physician, Dr. Thomas A. Clay-
tor, merely said:
"The justice is ill and at his age
all illness is serious."
Holmes, who served 29 years on
the Supreme Court bench, will be 941
on March 8. He knew Lincoln and,
was thrice wounded in the Civil War.
His intimate friend, Felix Frank-
furter, Harvard professor, left Boston
today for his bedside and with Frank-
furter wasThn G. Pifrev the neri

pompous attorney and the fact that
he detested personal publicity. Inevi-
tably, the episode of the cigarets was
recalled. A distinguished New York
lawyer drove home a point with the
thunderous statement that "nobody
except fools and dudes smoke im-
ported cigarets."
"I am not so sure about that,"
blandly smiled Holmes. "Sometimes
I smoke them and I know I am noti
a dude."
Holmes, whose dissenting opinions
often were more famous than the
majority ruling which prevailed, left
the bench Jan. 12, 1932.
Physical weakness had bowed him
low even as hestepped down, his or-
dinarily clear voice faltered. He left
the courtroom after an opinion day,
wrote his resignation and never re-
turned to the little octagonal-shaped
room where Chief Justice Hughes re-
cently delivered the gold opinion.
For years, Holmes chose his secre-
tarv from the Harvard law graduat-

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