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February 22, 1935 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-02-22

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The Weather
Cloudy, possibly snow in the
south, colder Friday; Saturday
generally fair, slightly warmer.

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Editorials
Why Not Boats To Russia,...
Michigan's Grand Old Man....

VOL. XLV. No. 104 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1935

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Roosevelt
Beaten On
Relief Bill
Senate Forces McCarran
Wage Amendment Into
President's Measure
Final Roll Shows
One Vote Margin
Democrats Fail In First
Major Test Of Strength
In New Program
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. - () -
Despite the threat of a Presidential
veto, the Senate today forced the
McCarran prevailing wage amend-
ment into the President's $4,880,000,-
000 relief bill by the narrowest of
margins --44 to 43.
So startling was the defeat handed
the administration that it left Demo-
cratic leaders in a quandry as to the
ultimate fate of the bill in Congress.
The White House was silent concern-
ing the setback.
Some considered significant the
fact that the adverse vote came only
a matter of minutes after the reading
of a letter from President Roosevelt,
giving assurance that wage scales in
private industry would not be per-
mitted to be lowered because of the
$50 a month "security wage" con-
templated for relief workers.
The ballot in favor of paying 'pre-
vailing wages"~ in whatever commu-
nity the relief projects are under-
taken came as the first major test of
administration strength in its New
Deal program and was reached only
after two days of 'heated debate'
between the Roosevelt wheelhorses
and the organized labor group headed
by Senator Patrick A. McCarran,
Nevada Democrat.
During consideration of the meas-.
ure, American Federation of Labor
representatives brought their power-
ful influence to bear for the amend-
went.
Despite an eloquent last-minute
plea by Senator Carter Glass, (Dem.,
Va.), to defeat the amendment on
the ground that it would endanger the
government's credit and wreck the
relief program, 21 Democrats voted
for it.
Forty-one Democrats and two Re-
publicans, Frederick Hale, of Maine,1
and Jesse H. Metcalf, of Rhode Is-
land, voted against the amendment.
But the tide was' turned when 21 Re-;
publicans, an equal number of Dem-
ocrats, together with R. M. LaFol-1
lette, the Wisconsin Progressive, and
Henrik Shipstead, the Minnesota
Farmer-Laborite, recorded themselves
for the "prevailing wage."
Scottsboro And
Herndon Cases
Are Discussed
Condemned Negro Asserts
Victory In Trials Would
Be Blow At Fascism
The Angelo Herndon and Scotts-
boro cases werehcalled symbolic of
"the fight for the emancipation of
all enslaved peoples of the world" by
Herndon in a talk last night in the

Natural Science Auditorium.
After reviewing the history of the
two cases he declared that a victory
in either would strike a telling blow
at Fascism, which, he said, . the
Roosevelt administration is trying to
force on the American people.
Herndon, who spoke under the
joint auspices of the National Stu-
dent League and the International
Labor Defense, is out on $15,000 bail
pending the result of his appeal to
the United States Supreme Court
from a sentence of 18 to 20 years in
the Georgia chain gang on a charge
of violating the slave insurrection
law.
He asserted that he had violated
no law ,of the state of Georgia, but
said he was guilty of two crimes, "be-
ing born with a black skin, and or-
ganizing white and black unem-
ployed together."
During the question period follow-
ing the lecture Herndon described
conditions in a chain gang, and de-
clared that the life of the prisoners
in them was never longer than ten
years.
Herndon attacked the testimony of
Ruby Bates and Victoria Price, the
mrin irl A'c crt alv ranned by the

4 __"__. ______ _____. _ _

Professor Ehrmann Interprets
Italian-Ethiopian Border Clash,

By MARSHALL D. SHULMAN
While Il Duce's powerful oratory
begins the mobilization of the Italian
war machine, defiant Emperor Haile
Selassie prepares a million Ethiopians
to meet an impending invasion. Chief
international question of the hour is
whether negotiations under way can
successfully avert an African con-
flict.
The approach of the African rainy
season may be an important factor
in preventing extensive military oper-
ations for the next three months even
if negotiations fail, in the opinion
of Prof. Howard M. Ehrmann of the
history department. "War does not
seem imminent. There seems to be a
good possibility that a settlement can
be effected peaceably, and if not, mil-
itary operations can not begin on a
large scale before next May, after
the rainy season," he stated.
"Combined intervention of French
and British agents in Addis Ababa,
capital of Ethiopia, (which, by the
way, is preferred to the term Abys-
sinia) may be sufficient to induce
Emperor Haile Selassie (or Silassi) to
assent to a settlement of the disputed

regions," Professor Ehrmann believes.
The fact of Ethiopia's membership
in the League, however, will make
Italy less likely to declare war. In-
stead, its armies become a 'punitive'
expedition.
"Virtually assureu of a hands-off
policy on the part of France and
Great Britain, the other two powers
which surround Ethiopia, Italy is in-
terested not only in establishing a
more stable condition along the fron-
tier, but in extending the territory
of Italian Somaliland and 'therebyl
increasing its African influence. Fur-
thermore, from the Italian point of
view, military operations would serve
the added purpose of testing out the
Italian war machine, particularly the
air force. Finally, it would avenge the
Italian defeat at Adua in 1896, which
lowered Italian prestige considerably
in her foreign affairs.
"This difficulty is characteristic of
situations where powers have colonial
possessions. Border skirmishes with.
natives lead inevitably to a pushing
back of the natives until the entire
area is foreign controlled. Witness the
(Continued on Page 6)

Work On New
Hospital Pool
To Begi So

Anonymous $20,000
Will Provide Funds
Therapeutic Pool

Gift
For

Work on the therapeutic pool, for
treating infantile paralysis, provided
by an anonymous gift of $20,000, and
additions to the University Hospital
will be started as soon as the plans
are completed, Mr. George P. Bug-
bee, office manager of the Hospital,!
stated yesterday.
Mr. Bugbee said that Albert Kahn,
Inc., architects, who designed the
Hospital, expect to have the complet-
ed plans drawn within two weeks.
The committee who will finally pass
on the plans consists of the orthoped-
ic surgeon and other members of the
Hospital professional staff, Mr. Bug-
bee added.
"Plans call for the location of the
pool and an addition to the physio-
therapy department in the basementI
of the southeast arm 'Y'-shaped main
building," Mr. Bugbee remarked,
"which is now occupied by a store-
room. An addition will be con-
structed to the basement and sub-
basement floors on the east side ofj
the 'y' for the courtroom and addi-
tional storage space. ,About 12,000
feet of floor space will be added by the
addition."
Mr. Bugbee explained that the add-J
ed space is needed for food storage,
since the Hospital buys for some of
the dormitories. The pool will be 15
by 25 feet, varying in depth from
two to four feet.
"Besides the pool," Mr. Bugbee
stated,."the physiotherapy depart-
ment will install adjacent equipment
for the treatment of infantile paraly-
sis, consisting of whirlpools, heat-
treatment booths, a n d massage
booths. We hope to be able to install
heliotherapy (out-of-doors) treat-
ment by the physiotherapy depart-
ment."
The addition will extend just one
floor above the ground level, Mr.
Bugbee remarked, since the basement
and sub-basement floors will be util-
ized. Mr. Bugbee stated that work
will probably be under the direction
of the Building and Grounds Depart-
ment.
Hauptmann Given
Stay Of Execution
TRENTON, N. J., Feb. 21-VP)-
Bruno Richard Hauptmann, sen-
tenced to die in the electric chair
for the kidnap-murder of the Lind-
bergh baby, won an indefinite stay of
execution today, and his four lawyers,
once more in harmonious relations,
promised to go ahead with his appeal
as speedily as possible.
Edward, J. Reilly of Brooklyn and
the three New Jersey counsel, C.
Lloyd Fisher, Frederick A. Pope, and
Egbert Rosecrans, conferred for sev-
eral hours at the State prison. Mrs.
Hauptmann attended the conference,;
and all five saw Hauptmann.
Hauptmann's execution, set for the
week of March 18 by Supreme Court
Justice Thomas W. Trenchard, was
stayed when a certified copy of a writ
of error was filled with Irvin Bleam,1
«......1 .4.r__ a 0a rn n-v a ai r An

Snowstorm Forces
Airplane To Land
On Baseball Field
The blinding snowstorms which
started locally early yesterday after-
noon forced Lieut. Newton Crumley,
U.S. Army retired, to land his small
open biplane on South Ferry Field,
near the Varsity baseball diamond,
at 3:30 p.m. yesterday. Neither the
pilot nor his plane was injured.
Flying over unfamiliar territory,
Lieut. Crumley was en route from
Nebraska to New York City and
planned to make a temporary stop-
over at Selfridge Field, Mich., where
he was formerly stationed.
When he left Jackson yesterday
afternoon, he planned to fly out of
the snowstorm, but was forced to
land here. Unable to locate the local
airport in the blinding snow, the
playing field south of Ferry Field
grandstands appeared to be the only
safe landing place and Lieut. Crum-
ley brought his plane to earth a few
hundred yards from Yost Field House.
From this spot, he taxied and wheeled
it to the shelter of a grandsand, where
it was covered.
Lieut. Crumley will proceed to New
York in his plane as soon as weather
conditions permit.

Gold Clause
May Decide
Next Election
Supreme Court Decision
Is Thought To Be Vitally
Connected To Campaign
Hoover Asks Return
To Gold StandardI
Morgenthau Decides T o
Take Up Challenge Made
By Former President
WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 21. -
(P) - The Supreme Court gold deci-
sion was inexplicably tangled in the
web of national politics tonight and
appeared as an irrepressible issue for
the 1936 presidential campaign.
That 'result was made inevitable,
many thought, by the statement of
Herbert Hoover, titular head of the
Republican party, pushing the vast
implications of the verdict - and
himself to the forefront of political
discussions.
His urge for a return to the mone-
tary standard of another day cleared,
up figuratively, a gold hornet's nest.
The situation was intensified by a
quick and chilly reply from an ad-
ministrative spokesman a n d by a
torrid Senate debate which saw two
factions of the Demociratic party
battling each other on the court's
finding that the government had no
right to disregard the payment of its
own bonds.
Upholding a private statement of
Hoover's view that the currency
should be made immediately redeem-
able in gold, Senate Republican lead-
ers scrupulously avoided taking any
part in the acrid argument which
divided the senators on the other side
of the aisle.
Instead, they gleefully watched the
Democrats fight it out among them-
selves and complacently noted flying
pencils and dashing copy boys in the
press box overhead.
Meanwhile Secretary Morgenthau,{
the New Deal outstanding spokesman
on monetary problems promptly ac-
cepted the gauge flung across the
continent by the former president.
Safety Drive Is

House Duties
Emphasized
By President
Ruthven Says Fraternities
Must Assume Greater
Responsibility
Warning Is Voiced
To Representatives!
Sympathetic Attitude O f
University Is Reiterated;
200 AttendMeeting'
Further warning to fraternities that
they must assume a greater responsi-
bility to the University was voiced yes-
terday by President Alexander G.
Ruthven at a meeting in Angell Hall
which was attended by more than 200
fraternity representatives.
The President emphatically stated
that the action taken at the last fra-
ternity meeting on Jan. 19 would be
vigorously carried out, and that, con-
trary to the belief of many, it was no
passing threat.
The University itself has laid down
no definite rules for the fraternities,
President Ruthven stated, but is
merely attempting to compel the var-
ious chapters to carry out the regu-
lations which they have set down for
themselves.
Reiterating his statement made at
the last meeting, President Ruthven
declared that the University is sym-
pathetic towards the fraternities and
has no desire to drive them off the
campus.
"We are merely trying to help you
to save yourselves," he told the num-
erous representatives.
Fraternities, he said, are declining
throughout the country and will con-
tinue to do so unless they adopt "de-
cent social conduct and decent busi-
ness conduct."
The President emphasized the fact
that his earlier warning was directed
at all fraternities on the campus, both
general and professional, including
those that are local and national in
organization.
In reports which each fraternity
had turned in to Dean of Students
Joseph A. Bursley following the last
meeting, it was noted that some
houses stated that they could not be
responsible for the individual mem-'
bers of the chapter, President Ruth-
ven stated. This he termed a very
"dangerous" policy and intimated
that such a method of regulation
could not be satisfactory.
Those in attendance at the meeting
included faculty and alumni advisers
as well as student officers of the var-
ious chapters. The President declared
that another meeting for general dis-
cussion would be held in the near
future.
FERA Students Are
To Complete Quotas
All FERA students were warned
yesterday by Harold S. Anderson, cost
accountant of the buildings and
grounds department, that they must
work their full time during February.
"In the past," Mr. Anderson said,
"because of vacations and other
things, we have been lenient in al-
lowing FERA workers to work less
time than they contracted to do. Now,
however, if they do not work their
full quota we will assume they do not
need the money."
Mr. Anderson also emphasized that
students working under the Univer-
sity FERA must call for their checks

promptly when issued. February
checks will be issued shortly after
March 1, it was predicted, although
the exact dates have not yet been de-
termined.
BULLETINS
LANSING, Feb. 21.- (R) - The
University of Michigan will re-
ceive $4,000,000 and Michigan
State $1,000,000 in 'the State
budget recommended by t h e
House ways and means commit-
tee tonight.
The amounts for the two
schools are the same as last year.
The budget provided for the
University is $64,000 less than
that requested by President
Ruthven.
PAWNEE, Okla., Feb. 21. -OP)--
-Phil Kennamer, precocious
nineteen-year-old son of a Fed-
eral judge, was convicted of first
degree manslaughter in the fan-
tastic John Gorrell, Jr., murder
na~P tni.ht

Council Chooses
Group To Form
-G overnment Plan
Michigan Ranked Recommendations Will Be
SBased Upon Summation
Third In College Of StudentSurvey
Enrollment Survey New Constitution
m . .- 7 r.

Ina u urated By
Wisconsin Probes Ia B
'Reds' In Schools City ommittee

In a comparison made recently by
the Oklahoma Daily for the academic
year 133-34, the University of Mich-
igan ranks third in enrollment and!
in teaching staff among what is
termed "the major schools of the
mid-west."
Michigan was recorded as having
8,773 students, a teaching staff of 713,!
and more than 12 students per
teacher. The highest enrollment was!
at the University of Minnesota, where
13,108 students and 916 teachers were
registered, and the second at the Uni-
versity of Illinois with 10,972 stu-
dents and 1,255 teachers. Minnesota
had more than 14 students per
teacher, while Illinois had less than
seven.I
The survey was undertaken by the'
Oklahoma University newspaper in!
order to prove that the money ap-
proprialed was well spent. Their
tabulated figures included a column;
on "cost per student." This column
was severely criticized, however, by
Miss Marian Williams, statistical as-!
sistant of the University, as being'
"grossly unfair and inaccurate." Cost
per- student can not be estimated,
explained Miss Williams because cer-
tain classes of students cost more
than others.
So, she pointed out, if the Univer-
sity of Michigan should happen to
have more graduate students, for
example, than the University of Okla-
homa Daily credited with having the
lowest cost, its cost per student
would appear greater than that of
Oklahoma. "Acautlly," she said, "it
might be much lower for the average
student."
Laud Fitzgerald
At Republican
County Meeting1
Frank B. DeVine Is Elected
Chairman Of Delegation
To State Convention
Commendation of the state admin-
istration program inaugurated by
Gov. Frank Fitzgerald was the key-
note of the convention of the Wash-
tenaw County Republicans concluded
yesterday afternoon. The meeting
was held in the court room of the
county building here.
Frank B. DeVine, Ann Arbor at-
torney, was elected chairman of the
county delegation to the State Repub-
lican convention along with 27 addi-
tional delegates and an equal number
of alternates. Nine of the men chos-
en are from Ann Arbor, four from
Ypsilanti and the remainder from
throughout the county.
In addition to DeVine, five delegates
at large were chosen by the conven-
tion at the afternoon session. Those'
elected are Lawrence Leever and Fred
Sodt of Ann Arbor, Prof. J. Milton
Hover and James M. Brown of Ypsi-
lanti, and Mayor Mark B. Sugden of
Saline.
The morning session of the conven-
tion opened with speeches by Mayor
Sugden, Professor Hover, Regent Jun-
ius E. Beal and Joseph Hooper of
Ann Arbor. Most of the session was
devoted to national politics, the
speakers predicting a return of the
Republicans to power and criticizing
the Roosevelt administration.
A vigorous denunciation of the Pub-
lic Works program sponsored by the
present administration was made in
the address of Mayor Sugden which
featured the opening session. The
Public Works administration already
has spent $2,000,000,000 to give part
timne work to a million men and on
that basis it should cost $7,000,000,-
000 to provide employment for 3,500,-
000 men, the speaker declared. "I
believe the President is very optimis-
tic. He must be going on the pre-
sumption that the treasury is inex-

haustible," stated Mayor Sugden in
conclusion.
Occupational Data
Must Be Checked

ITentatively Drawn
Proposal Must Be Given
To Senate Committee On
Student Affairs Monday
Two further steps toward the es-
tablishment of a new men's student
government were taken yesterday by
members of the Undergraduate Coun-
cil, the first in a meeting of the com-
mittee appointed to draw up the re-
sults of the Council survey and the
second in a regular open meeting of
the Council.
A final summation of the survey,
which had been conducted to deter-
mine student opinion on the subject
of student government, was prepared
in the morning by the committee and
was submitted in the afternoon to the
Council to be used as a basis for pre-
paring a new plan to be submitted to
the Senate Committee on Student Af-
fairs in accordance with its request.
As a result of this report the second
step was taken with the appointment
of a committee to redraft the recom-
mendations of the committee in con-
stitutional form. The new proposed
constitution with the Council tabula-
tion of the student survey must both
be in the hasads of the student affairs
committee by Monday.
Jurisdiction Restricted
Some dissension of opinion was
evidenced by Council members over
the question as to wether the survey
showed the majority of voters to be
in favor of election of representatives
by direct vote or by a system of pro-
portional representation.
In the survey, the majority of fra-
ternity-society ballots were in favor
of those plans which provided for di-
rect election and the majority of the
independent vote was in favor of
those plans whic hadvocated a pro-
portional representation plan. The
question debated by Council members
was which of these groups of voters
should be given most consideration.
As tentatively drawn up, the con-
stitution provides for a membership
of 15, five of which are to be ex-officio
members and 10 of which are to be
chosen from the schools and colleges
of the University by a direct election.
The president of the Council is to be
elected either from the Council mem-
bership or from the campus at large.
Dissension Over Vote
As the survey revealed that gradu-
ate school and professional fraternity
groups were opposed to participation
in undergraduate student govern-
ment, these schools were left out of
the Council's jurisdiction.
It having been determined that
women students did not desire to par-
ticipate in the new government, wom-
en students were also definitely
omitted from the Council's jurisdic-
tion. It was provided, however, that
in matters of joint concern an execu-
tive committee of the Council should
meet with a women's committee.
With the submission of this consti-
tution and the survey results to the
Senate Committee the present Under-
graduate Council will have completed
its share in the formation of anew
government unless the Senate com-
mittee decides that a campus refer-
endum should be held. In this case
there is a possibility that the N.S.L.
or S.C:A. plans might be run in oppo-
sition to the Council's plan.
Oldest Graduate To
Be Honored Today
The University's oldest living grad-
uate, Dr. John Parker Stoddard, '59,,
will celebrate his hundredth birth-
day today at Muskegon.
Not only is Dr. Stoddard the Uni-
versity's oldest graduate but he is
probably the oldest living alumnus
of any American college or univer-
sity.
The occasion will be marked in

Muskegon with a testimonial dinner
in the Occidental Hotel, given by
alumni organizations of the Univer-
sity and Albion college, the Muskegon
and Michigan Medical Societies and
the Muskegon luncheon clubs.
Emory J. Hyde, president of the
Alumni Ase-'inn TTi r m - -,

MADISON, Wis., Feb. 21.- (/P) -
The Wisconsin State Senate, dis-
turbed by recurrent rumors about,
radicalism in schools, voted today
to have five of its members conduct
a hunt for communism, atheism, and
other subversive influences in the
halls of the University of Wisconsin
and in the nine state teachers' col-
leges.
American Legionnaires complained
that the Milwaukee State Teachers'
College atmosphere was red, or at
least bright pink. But the quiz is ex-
pected to concentrate itself largely
upon the university; the resolution
providing the investigation failed to
furnish funds for travel.
The University of Wisconsin Pres-
ident, Dr. Glenn Frank, expressed no
fear of, or objections to, the study.
"I certainly have no objections," he
said. "To the investigation of any-
thing that interests any member of
the Senate. The University of Wis-
consin is simply a cross-section of
American society. They will find the
same things which they would find if
they investigated any church, legisla-
ture, Congress, the Republican party,
the Democratic party, or any other
aggregation of Americans."
POST TO HOP-OFF TODAY
LOS ANGELES; Feb. 21--(P)-Wil-
ey Post, 35-year-old holder of two
round-the-world speed flight records,
said late today he planned to take
off about dawn tomorrow on his sub-
stratosphere flight to New York.

Elimination of motoring hazards in
Ann Arbor and Washtenaw County is
the aim of a drive launched yesterday
by a special civic committee composed
of city officials and traffic experts.
Prof. Roger L. Morrison of the
highway engineering and transport
division of the University, is chair-
man of the committee. Other mem-
bers are Mayor Robert A. Campbell,
Prof. John S. Worley of the engineer-
ing college, George W. Kyer, chair-!
I man of the police commission, and
William M. Strickland, manager of'
the local branch of the Automobile
Club of Michigan.
According to Mr. Strickland the
committee will attempt to inaugurate
a program of safety education for
automobile drivers in the county. In
addition, they plan to make specific
recommendations to the City Council
and other governmental units in or-
der to decrease the number of acci-
dents which occur on the highways.
It was understood that the com-
mittee will not have any police power
but awill make recommendations to
the proper authorities. A traffic safety
,plan similar to that being used at
present in Detroit will be carried out.
The first act of the committee, it
was decided at a meeting Wednesday,
will be to recommend the installation
of a warning flasher sign at the Ann
Arbor railroad crossing on Pontiac
Road, where two men were killed last
Saturday night when the car in which
they were riding, struck a freight
train.

FRESHME~N!
All freshmen who wish to try out for The Daily
business staff are requested to report at the Student
Publications Building on Maynard Street at the
followinq times:

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