THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, MAY 8, 1935
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Pubilned every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session by the Board in Con-
trol -of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Association
axd the Big Ten News Service.
~szocdte4 f'oUlgiate 93res
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MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this paper and the local news
published herein. All rights of republication of special dis-
patches are reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class matter. Special rate of postage granted by
Subscription during summer by carrier, $1.00; by mail,
1.50. During 'egular school year by carrier, $4.00; by mail,
Offices Student Publications Building, Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan. Phone: 2-1214.
Representatives: National Advertising Service, Inc. 11
r West 42nd Street, New York, N.Y. - 400 N. Michigan Ave.'
- Telephone 4925
MANAGING EDITOR ................WILLIAM G. FERRIS
CITY EDITOR:.........................JOHN HEALEY
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR ............RALPH G. COULTER
SPORTS EDITOR ....................ARTHUR CARSTENS
WOMEN'S EDITOR ......................EIANOR BLUM
NIGHT EDITORS: Courtney A. Evans, John J. Flaherty,
Thomas E.Groehn, Thomas H. KleneDavid G. Mac-
.donald, John M. O'Connell, Arthur M. Tub.
SPORTS ASSISTANTS: Marjorle Western, Kenneth Parker,
William Reed, Arthur Settle.
WOMEN'S ASSISTANTS: Barbara L. Bates, Dorothy Gies,
Florence Harper, 'leanor Johnson, Josephine McLean,
Margaret D. Phalan, Rosalie Resnick, Jane Schneider,
REPORTERS: Rex Lee Beach, Robert B. Brown, Clinton 3B.
Conger, Sheldon M. Ellis, William H. Fleming, Richard
G. Hershey, Ralph W. Hurd, Bernard Levik, Fred W.
Nea, Robert Pulver, Lloyd S.Reich, Jacob C. Seidel,
Marshall D. Shulman, Donald Smith, Wayne H. Stewart,
Bernard Weissman, George Andros, Fred Buesser, Rob-
ert Cummins, Fred DeLano, Robert J. Friedman, Ray-
raond Goodman, Keith H. Tustison, Joseph Yager.
Dorothy Briscoe, Florence Davies, Helen Diefendorf,
Elaine Goldberg, Betty Goldstein, Olive Griffith, Har-
riet Hathaway, Marion Holden, Lois King, Selma Levin,
Eliabeth Miller, Melba Morrison, Else Pierce, Charlotte
}ueger. Dorothy Shappell, Molly Solomon, Laura Wino-
grad, Jewel Wuerfel.
BUSINESS MANAGER ................RUSSELL B. READ
CREDIT MANAGER .... ......ROBERT S. WARD
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER .......JANE BASSETT
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS: Local Advertising, John Og-
den; Service Department Bernard Rosenthal; Contracts,
Joseph Rothbard; Accounts, Cameron Hall; Circulation
and National Advertising, David Winkworth; Classified
Advertising and Publications, George Atherton.
BUSINESS ASSISTANTS: William Jackson, William
Bardt, Ted Wohgemuith, Lyman Bittman, John Park,
F. Allen Upson, Willis Tomlinson, Homer Lathrop. Tom
Clarke, Gordon Cohn, Stanley Joffe, Jerome . Balas,
Charles W. Barkdull, Daniel C. Beisel, Lewi E. Bulkeley,
John C. Clark, Robert J. Cooper, Richard f. Croushore,
Herbert D. Fallender, John T. Guernsey, Jack R. Gustaf-
son, Morton Jacobs, Ernest A. Jones, Marvin Kay, Henry
J.rKlowe, Donald R. Knapp, William CKnecht, R. A.
Kronenberge,, William D. Loose, 'William R. Mann,
Lawrence Mayerfeld, John F. McLean,Jr., Lawrence M.
Roth, Richard M. Samuels, John D. Staple, Lawrence A.
Starsky, Nathan B. Steinberg.
WOMEN'S BUSINESS STAFF: Betty Cavender, Margaret
Cowie, Bernadine Field, Betty Greve, Mary Lou Hooker,
Helen Shapland, Betty Simonds, Grace Snyder, Betsy
Baxter, Margaret Bentley, Mary McCord, Adele Polier.
NIGHT EDITOR: COURTNEY A. EVANS
Verdict .. .
A LTHOUGH the Supreme Court's de-
cision declaring the Railway Re-
tirement Act unconstiutional came as no complete
surprise, it was a shock, no doubt, to those per-
sons who hailed the gold clause ruling as a judi-
cial victory for the New Deal as a whole.
In holding the act invalid, the nation's highest
court unequivocally proclaimed its supreme au-
thority to interpret the Constitution and re-em-
phasized in no uncertain manner the sovereignty of
the Constitution. Whether that was for the best
is here beside the point.
The fact remains that the court in this case
apparently viewed the act solely from a legal
aspect. The majority did not look beyond the
measure to its effect and consequences. As the
minority pointed out, there were, almost without
question, beneficial results to be obtained from'this
type of social security program.
The court held that the act involved employees
not engaged in interstate commerce. As the Con-
stitution does not grant the Federal government
power over intrastate commerce, that part of the
act was invalid.
Furthermore, the decision declared that the act
was not a true regulation of interstate commerce.
As the Constitution provides for regulation and
nothing else, the act was therefore unconstitu-
tional. No word in the decision referred to the so-
It is significant, also, that the decision was hand-
ed down by Justice Owen J. Roberts. Termed
one of those ephemeral characters, a liberal, Jus-
tice Roberts showed that he views his duty on
the supreme bench of the nation as calling for
neither liberalism nor conservativism - that he
views it as one of deciding whether an act is or is
not within the bounds of the Constitution.
That this point of view is not unanimous among
the justices is shown by the fact this was, as. in
the case of the gold clause rulings, a 5-to-4 deci-
sion. Chief Justice Hughes and Justices Brandeis,
Stone and Cardoza, differed from their more legal-
istic colleagues. They are of the opinion that the
Constitution should not be interpreted so literally;
that "our democracy can only be perpetuated by
the elasticity of our highest law." They attempted
to see beyond the act.
Which.philosophy is for the ultimate best, no
man. rren,, of-at.-dhis-time Tfis ~iflrrnO cim1fCTflp*fflf
W HEN WE SPEAK of powerful fig-
ures in the United States today we
usually think of their dynamic personalities, their
fabulous fortunes or their influential acquaint-
It is seldom that we consider specifically what an
important faculty is that of a command of lan-
guage in both speaking and writing.
Examples of what this ability will do for an
individual are munificent in the United States of
both today and history. President Roosevelt owes
a great deal of his popularity --more than most
people imagine -- to his command 9f the English
language. William Randolph Hedrst - and his
editorial writers -- and Father Coughlin are emi-
nently capable of using the correct words for in-
fluencing their followers.
Sen. John James Ingalls, president -pro-tempore
of the Senate a number of years ago, was recog-
nized as the most influential member of that house
because of his expert command over language.
Abraham Lincoln could express himself in clear,
exact terms, and as a consequence, his "Gettys-
burg Address" has come down to us as one of
the great speeches of all time.
No one can fail to benefit from a good vocabulary
and the knack of putting it to its best use. Opin-
ions, no matter how valuable, cannot be communi-
cated without properA words. Conversational abil-
ity, a distinct asset and one of the principle factors
in personality, is directly dependent on a careful
choice of words.
What gives one a good vocabulary? It is hard
to say dogmatically, but perhaps the best sugges-
tion, offered by many eminent educators, is an
abundance of good reading.
The SOAP BOX ]
Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be regarded
as confidential uponurequest. Contributors are asked to
be brief, the editor reserving the right to condense
Interest In Problems
To The Editor:
In 1929 the college student was depicted by the
press, the movies and his own faculty as a rather
useless and parasitic individual, totally indifferent
to the problems of the world. The denouement to
all this was the commencement-day address, heavy
with dull platitudes and flat bromides. Some
took this seriously. And when the froth is blown
away, there remains a modicum of truth even in
a commencement address; namely, that these
problems will have to be solved by those who are
intellectually fitting themselves for the task.
Today the student is attempting to assume that
responsibilitity. But again he is met by criticism
of the press, and, to some extent, his own faculty.
In finding him interested and earnest in his at-
tempt to understand the far-reaching economic
and social difficulties which confront the nation,
the press has responded with that characteristic
lack of understanding and dubbed him "radical"
and "communist" - as if that meant anything.
But such generalizations are no more than an-
other manifestation of modern journalism's im-
potency to cope intelligently with their work of
molding public opinion. It is the final gesture of
complete intellectual sterility.
In 1929 they talked of the "raccoon coat" and
the "flask." In 1935 they talk of the student as
a proponent of revolution. They were wrong then,
and are now. The only thing which has changed
is the intellectual fiber of -a greater number of stu-
dents. They are sincerely attempting to under-
stand and find satisfactory solutions to problems
which are unique in that this time they concern
not only the life and well-being of the people in
general, but also that of the student, who has
heretofore lived a protected existence......
The student opposition to the Dunckel-Baldwin
bill does not take cognizance of political ma-
neuvering. The truth to them is that a great
University can only thrive and benefit the state,
which is responsible for its maintainance, by en-
couraging freedom of discussion and freedom of
inquiry into all lines of human thought, whether
it be of government, economics, biology or the
social structure. The issue is not "patriots"
against "non-patriots." If that were all this type
of bill represents, there would be no objection .--
This interest manifested by the student in our
fundamental problems should be fostered. This
activity will not, nor does it, reflect upon the repu-
tation of the University. Rather it enhances it.
For only by this means does the University fulfill
its purposes. The University should open up its
facilities and encourage an ,understanding and an
intelligent treatment of these perplexities. Abra-
ham Flexner said, and we might well remember
it: "Towards fundamental knowing the news-
paper cannot help much; men of action - politi-
cians and business men -help but slightly. . - -
Almost the only available agency is the university.
The university must shelter and develop thinkers,
experimenters,. inventors, teachers and students,
who without responsibility for action will explore
the phenomena of social life and endeavour to un-
Erle A. Kightlinger, '36L.
AsOthers See It
Goal In Sight
SOMETHING, concludes Professor von Dunkel,
remains to be done to make the German press
a perfectly harmonious and unchangeable whole.
Thus the date lines continue to vary from day
to day, Sunday, April 28; Monday, April 29; Tues-
By BUD BERNARD
A contribution signed "Phi Bete" was found
in today's mail:
I was but a bookworm,
And she a lovely lass;
And so I fell in love with her
In our ten o'clock class.
For, Oh, she was so beautiful--
I could only sit and stare
At her smoothly chiseled features
And her softly curled hair.
So I, the former bookworm,
Put all my books away;
The day came when I flunked the course,
But the prof gave her an A.
Huey Long visited his university, Louisiana
State, the other day during the college's diamond
jubilee and "set 'em up" for all the students there-
The Kingfish entered a campus eating place and
shouted to some 100 students to come and get it,
the house was theirs on him.
The students stormed the fountain, cigar stand,
sandwich counter, grabbed all supplies, smashed
show cases, dishes and furniture.
Huey paid the $150 bill.
Now and then we get a story about the ab-
sent-minded professor, but this little tale con-
cerns a prof, who was decidedly not absent-
minded, but on the contrary, quick on the
tricker. This certain learned one at Cornell
University was taking a short cut home one
night and tore his trousers rather badly. The
next day he took his pants to the tailor and
bade him sew the hole up. The tailor, a
Greek, looked at the clothing for a long time
and finally said, "you rippa dees?"
The professor was not to be outdone, and
summoning all his knowledge of the ancient
plays and things, he answered, "Yes, I did. And
University of California girls have decided that
"nice" girls can swear. A finger wave washed
away by the rain or a run in a stocking is a suffi-
cient calamity to warrant a "damn." As long
as it is a matter of habit, not trying to be smart,
a girl may use "hell" and "damn." In such a
case they are not regarded as swearing. Such
words as "griped," "lousy" and "guts" were barred
from the nice college girl's vocabulary, however.
* * * *
The dean of the University of Pennsylvania and
the dean of Temple University got together in
Philadelphia and handed out the amazing state-
ment that girls simply can't be beautiful but dumb,
because the two attributes are entirely incompat-
ible. An eastern columnist acknowledges the aca-
demic wisdom of these learned gentlemen, but says
they don't know the women of the younger gen-
eration, or.. at least the younger generation of
By KIRKE SIMPSON
WASHINGTON, May 7.
THAT THE CELEBRATED New Deal idea of a
"partnership" of government and business,
favorite theme song of Secretary Dan Roper, is on
the brink of complete dissolution easily could be
gathered from even casual survey of what Cham-
ber of Commerce of the United States orators
had to say in convention. Roper's still, small
voice, yet attuned to the New Deal-business har-
mony motif, was all but lost in the din.
Conventions have a way of discounting in their
official action, via adopted resolutions, the fervor
of the orators picked to address them. That was
very true last fall when the bankers foregathered
in Washington. They heard much the same sort
of oratorical firing at the New Deal from the plat-
form, then adopted highly conciliatory resolu-
That was on the eve of the last congressional
elections. The bankers have had an ear to the
T HE NEW WAVE of business criticism comes
under different circumstances. Even the '36
primaries are mostly a year or more away. Yet
in some respects Republican Party activity is more
intense now than it was during last year's actual
campaign. It is not only the party rallies in va-
rious sections, the activities of party leaders includ-
ing former President Hoover, the attack strategy
of the Republican minorities in House and Sen-
ate. There is widespread Republican club bus-
iness going on in the counties, by all accounts.
And there is the once whispered, but now loudly
shouted, assertion that Roosevelt popularity is
"slipping." That was the word feebly passed about
during the chamber convention and even in con-
gressional cloakrooms. It all formed an especially
kindly atmosphere for the wave of criticism of
New Deal reform proposals launched at the cham-
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT himself thinks Wash-
ington a poor place to find out what the people
of the country are thinking about. Nevertheless,
Democratic general staffers hold that, pending a
new election test, House majorities are the best
guide to public sentiment. House members are in
more intimate touch with their constituents than
MAY 6th to the 11th
More than ever Cottons are push-
ing themselves to popularity this
season. Already leading stylists
ol I over the country are presenting
models to see you through in cot-
ton, f rom beach to town, from
morning exercise to tea . . . and
from now till fall.
COTTONS with their cool, crisp summery
feeling are constantly gathering new fash-
ion crowns when and wherever they hit
Chiffons, Voiles, Dotted
suckers, and Matelasses are filling the
smart shops in Ann Arbor. To help you
choose your summer wardrobe, watch for
the ads in The Michigan Daily of the vari-
ous merchants-who are featuring cottons.
THE MICHIGAN DAILY is the surest and
quickest medium through which you
may know exactly what the best-dressed
woman is going to wear this summer.
The merchants are co-operating with
the fashion experts and are giving you
in their daily ads the benefit of their
experience and knowledge.
Consult the ads in The Michigan
Daily every morning and their benefit
will be your reward.
a <: :.