THE MICHIGAN DAILY TIRtSr
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
the topics of the three speakers to account for
the repetition of the theme. In all fields, in con-
nection with all subjects, the need for education
as the keystone of a democratic system of govern-
ment is becoming increasingly obvious. The sys-
tem which has been good enough in the past must
be reinforced from the roots up if it is to resist
the attacks of the new methods which threaten it.
Seemingly by nature a nation of buck-passers,
the United States has long slipped by without im-
pressing on its citizens the responsibilities they
must assume. One result of present unrest may
be to bring about a much-needed re-emphasis on
the seriousness of adequate "education for citizen-
Letters published in this column should not be
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M~ANAGING EDITOR.............. WILLIAM G. FERRIS
CITY EDITOR.........................JOHN HEALEY
EITORIAL DIRECTOR ........... RALPH . COLTER
SPORTS EDITOR.................ARTHUR CARSTENS
WO1WEN'S EDITOR ......................EluANOR BLUM
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NIGHT EDITOR: ARTHUR M. TAUB
T HE UNIVERSITY has always been
very fortunate in being able to se-
cure speakers of national - and occasionally in-
ternational - importance to address the 2,000-odd
graduates and their guests at the annual Com-
mencement exercises each June. The speech of
such a dignitary adds considerable prestige to these
In obtaining a speaker for this year's exercises,
the University has been particularly fortunate.
The Hon. Cordell L. Hull of Tennessee, President
Roosevelt's secretary of state, has accepted the in-
vitation tendered him by President Alexander G.
Ruthven to address the Commencement audience
secretary Hull, who was relatively unknown at
the time he was appointed to serve pn the Presi-
dent's cabinet, has been, since March,h1932, one
of the leaders in his key position with the new
administration. His authoritative knowledge of
law, finance and matters of current importance
stamp him as an interesting speaker for such an
In order 'to speak at the Commenceemnt exer-
cises, Mr. Hull will be forced to leave his official
duties in the Nation's Capitol. In past years many
prominent people have addressed these programs,
but only rarely has the University been so for-
tunate as to be able to bring here a man so closely
connected with current affairs.
HE ENLIGHTENMENT of its cit-
izens as the essential element of a
successful democracy was stressed here recently by
three prominent speakers, led by President Ruth-
ven at the annual Honors Convocation, who urged
better education on the thesis that "a democracy
is successful as its citizens are informed."
On this same theme, Dr. John Sundwall, director
of the division of hygiene and public health, ad-
dressing- the administrative teaching conference
of the Michigan Schoolmasters' Club, pointed to
the training of its citizens of tomorrow by the
teachers of today as their leading duty. He re-
minded them that the ultimate judge-of all mat-
ters in the democracy was the people, and that "to
judge well, this judge must be an educated and in-
To the Editor:
Tonight at eight o'clock there will be a public
hearing on the Dunckel-Baldwin bill. We believe
that this bill is a serious threat to the historic
American rights of free speech and assembly be-
1. There is already in existence in this state a
criminal syndicalist act which makes the pending
bill unnecessary. This act fully establishes the
principle which the Dunckel-Baldwin bill attempts
to set up. But the Dunckel-Baldwin bill extends
beyond this simple principle of. protecting the
government from specified acts of treason and
comprehends in its all-inclusive terminology many
legitimate phases of free speech and assembly.
2. Not only is the broad wording of the bill
objectionable from a political point of view, but
it is precisely the constitutional defect pointed
out by Chief Justice Hughes in the case of Strom-
berg v. California, 283 U.S. 359 (1931), when he
said: "A statute which upon its face . . .is so vague
and indefinite as to permit the punishment of the
fair use of this opportunity (for free discussion) is
repugnant to the guarantee of liberty contained in
the Fourteenth Amendment." Last week, the De-
troit "Legal Record" contained two articles, one
by a former Attorney-General of the State, ex-
plaining fully why this measure is probably uncon-
3. The restrictions of this bill constitute a men-
ace to academic freedom, which is fundamental
to'universities in democratic states. As President
Ruthven recently said: "A democracy is successful
as its citizens are informed."
4. Radical thought can not be destroyed by
legislative ukase. Metternich learned this when
he tried to stamp out democracy in Europe. The
Romans found it out when they tried to eliminate
Christianity from the Empire. Surely this is one
lesson that history has made plain. Repression
merely makes these activities clandestine, bitter
and far more dangerous.
It is essential that this and similar measures
before the Legislature be defeated. We therefore
urge all students on this campus to attend the
hearing tonight, to write or wire individual legis-
lators, and in other ways to indicate that there is
in this state a reasoned and determined opposition
to such bills.
-W. L. Hindman, Jr.
Hugh M. Jones, Jr.
As Others See it_
A Glance At Accounts
(From the Daily Pennsylvanian)
IN AN EDITORIAL last Friday on the Alumni
Giving Fund, we discussed the benefits that
both parties to the drive receive in return for their
support. Since some men are more attracted by
plain facts and figures minus the emotional appeal,
we are going to supplement our first editorial by
approaching the topic from this latter angle.
Everyone is aware that the tuition at Pennsyl-
vania is $400 per annum, but few realize how pit-
eously inadequate a man's tuition is in covering
the complete total cost of a year's education. If
anyone is laboring under the false impression that
his tuition allows the University to clip a profit
after all expenses are defrayed, we would like to
set him right without further delay. '
The actual cost to the University of educating a
student for one year is slightly more than $900.
Part of the difference of $500 is between the in-
come from tuitions and the real cost is met by
state funds, endowments and other income, but
one of the most important and reliable sources
of making up this deficit is the annual appro-
priation by the Alumni Giving Fund.
So if you want to be very business-like and
draw up a ledger account, of your college educa-
tion, you will find yourself with a $2,000 debit
balance at the end of four years with which you
were never actually charged and never will be.
None of the solicitors for the Giving Fund will
flout this fact in your face in an effort to extract
a pledge from you. This important share of the
expense of your college career is philanthropically
written off when you graduate, but if you are a
true and loyal Pennsylvania alumnus, and if you
are grateful for the immeasurable benefits that
you have received by attending Pennsylvania for
four years, then surely you should be anxious to
show in some measure the appreciation which you
feel by contributing as generously as possible to
the Alumni Giving Fund.
By BUD BERNARD.
Here's a poem we picked up:
My parents told me not to smoke-
Nor listen to a naughty joke-
They made it clear I mustn't wink
At pretty girls, nor even think
About intoxicating drink-
To flirt or dance is very wrong-
Wild youths chase women, wine and
I kiss no girl, not even one;
I do not know how it is done;
You wouldn't think I had much fun-
* * * *
Precisothermocalorimeters (whatever they may
be) are the very newest and snappiest numbers
for determining whether or not your girl has
spring fever =or sumpin'. At a recent dance at
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, this
new gadget was used to determine the admission
price. The basic price was one dollar, and after
the suffering escort parted with that paltry fee,
the committee on admissions took the gal's tem-
perature with this precisothermocalorimeter.
After which, the escort had to pay further to the
tune of one cent for every degree of temperature.
Might be a good investment at that.
This is an interesting contribution:
SOME STUDENT SENTIMENTS
Don't say spring to me,
It's not all it's supposed to be.
For some, it means warm, balmy days,
And blue skys above.
Some get the skating craze,
While others fall in love.
For me the days are not too bright
And I cannot sleep at night.
I never hear the robin's song
Or see the buds on bush or tree
As wearily I plod along,
Trying to make my "D" a "C."
A skeleton in the family closet at Cambridge -
it evidently happens in the best of them, for ac-
cording to a recent report a certain president of
Harvard was not all that a good president should
be. This black sheep of the Crimson family
once ran away with most of the institution's
funds, battled three constables when fined for
beating his professors with a cudgel, and had the
record of being married three times without the
formality of a divorce.
By KIRKE SIMPSON
WASHINGTON, May 1.
SOUTHERN SOLIDARITY in the Senate on any
moot question means a virtual veto on that
particular legislation. There are enough Southern
votes, even leaving out so-called border states such
as Maryland, to block action
utterly. Even the modest Sen-
ate cloture rule, adopted with
so much hesitation, could not
. be invoked against so substan-
tial a minority.
That being true, exactly
what Senators Costigan and
Wagner as authors of the anti-
lynching bill thought to profit
by endeavoring to force con-
sideration of the measure in
the Senate is not easy to
i~oae.WaGNtJR puzzle out. They were on no-
tice by a large and seasoned group of Senate long-
distance talkers that the bill not only could not
pass but would not be permitted to reach a par-
liamentary roll call. Yet Costigan forced the
FRANKLY, the Bystander does not know. There
is nothing about the public records of either
sponsor of the bill to disclose motives. Immediate
personal campaign exigencies hardly can be in-
volved. Wagner is not up for election again until
'38. Being foreign-born, the Senate or a governor-
ship is the constitutional limit of his political am-
Costigan is up next year; but why should anti-
lynching legislation have a special appeal in Col-
orado? Lynch law has not ruled in that state
much, unless it was back in frontier days. If
Senator Costigan dreams of party promotion, an-
tagonizing the Democracy of the Solid South would
not seem a reasonable way of trying to make those
dreams come true.
And, if some of their Southern colleagues are
right about what sort of a door the Costigan-
Wagner bill would open to Federal direct interven-
tion in the police affairs of the states, the two
authors of the measure were taking special risks.
They are acclaimed as the leading Senate friends
of organized labor, of labor generally. They share
that with Black of Alabama, father of the 30-hour
week bill. And Black told them:
"The bill as it is written would be the greatest
weapon to opponents of organized labor extended
to them since the beginning of this government.
There Are Onl~y
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