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April 30, 1935 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-04-30

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The Weather
Fair and cooler today;, fresh
winds shifting to north north-

Yl r e

Sfr tgau


The Case Against Hell Week .
A Legalist Looks At NRA..



6 U-Boatst
London Newspaper Says
Submarines Are Ready
To-Begin Maneuvers
France Plans Air
Alliance With Italy
Members Of Parliament
Charge Program Aimed
At England
LONDON, April 30.- (Tues-
day)-(P)-The information that
six German submarines have al-
ready been completed and are
ready to begin practice maneuvers
off Wilhelmshaven, naval base in
the North Sea, was plairhned today
by the Daily Herald.
The newspaper said "this sen-
sational development was learned
in London last night," claiming
Germany's decision to build sub-
marines was made last autumn
and that construction of the U-
boats began around Christmas
at Hamburg, Stettin and Kiel.
LONDON, April 29. - (/P) - Mem-
bers- of Parliament, voicing the anger
of the English people at Germany's
submarine program, charged today
that the U-boat building is aimed di-
rectly at this country. They de-
manded that the country take quick
step~s in co-operation with other pow-
ers to check further expansion of the
Reich's armaments. -
Ministers, headed by Premier Ram-
say MacDonald, informally discussed
the "legality" of the latest gesture of
Reichsfuehrer Hitler in defiance of
the Versailles Treaty and arranged
for consultations with France and
There were indications that a pro-
test, probably in the form of a note,
was under consideration, and also
possible joint action of the powers atj
Geneva. -c
Churchill Asks Speed
Winston Churchill, an exponent of
a large air force, has been pressing for
acceleration of this debate. "Almostk
every day counts now," he said re-
Diplomatic circles here seemed con-t
vinced that Gernmany's submarine1
program has been long considered but
could easily be regarded as a reprisalc
against the British vote at Geneva int
support of the League Council's con-
demnation of Germany, which Ger- -
many'apparently has resented in view1
of the Hitler-Simon conversations be-
fore the Stresa meeting.-
PARIS, April 29. - (A) - France
laid plans today to negotiate a mili-
tary alliance with Italy, disclosingl
simultaneously that .12 fast pursuitt
planes have been assigned to patrol
duty on the French frontier to keep
German aircraft from spying upon
French fortifications.1
Victor Denain, minister for air, an-
npunced that he was going to Rome
May 9 or 10 "to negotiate an air
agreement, approved at the Stresaf
conference, and to lay definite foun-
dations of one."1
Air Pact Planned
Meanwhile the French were leaving1
the handling of Germany's naval re-
armament to England, although the7
naval minister Francois Pietri, left for
London today.
Denain's plans to go to Rome indi-1

cated that a general pact to join Eu-
ropean air forces in combating a,
danger of sudden attack will be dis-
cussed in addition to a bilateral
A Franco-Italian alliance would be
extended even to commercial planes,,
according to present plans.
France, feeling Germany's sub-
marine program "awakened England
to the Hitler menace,".was now ready,
officials said, to follow "in principle"
whatever policy Britain adopts. .I
The financing of France's 19351
naval program as well as her new
air and land armaments will be dis-
cussed in the, French cabinet tomor-
row. The government faces the prob-
lem of finding 2,000,000,000 francs al-
ready voted for a national defensef
and 25,000,000,00 for other purposes,
including budget balancing.
Wad Threat Seen
TOKIO, April 29. - (P')- Japanese
military leaders have issued a series,
of statements designed to impress
upon the people that war with Rus-
sia is still a possibility.
Although relations with the Soviets
admittedly improved after sale of the
Chinese Eastern Railway and al-
,i,,,crhMnzmwic noa hsohrbd by

Only Females Are Reproduced
By Museums' Amazonian Fish
By FRED WARNER NEAL seums scientists it is remarkable that
Ann Arbor is being invaded by Am- none of the tiny fish were seriously
azons - Amazons of a scaly type to injured.
be sure - but nevertheless that's The division here has been experi-
what they are. "They" are "Mollies," menting with the "mollies" for three
tiny female fish, whose peculiar prop- years now. "We have been most
erty is mating with males of different careful in watching them," declared
species to reproduce only female Mrs. Hubbs, "and throughout five
"mollies," and they came nearly 3,000 generations, the Formosas still re-
miles by airplane from Guatemala. produce like the mother, regardless
The tiny freaks have just been re- of the fathers. It might be hundreds
ceived at the University Museums, and of years before a Formosas' will be
are the first results of the University found that will produce a male off-
expedition to Central America, being spring.,
led by Prof. Carl L. Hubbs, curator There are supposed to be six recog-
of the Zoology Museum fish division, nized species of mollienisia; with
and Dr. Henry Vander Schalie of the many varieties or sub species. All
mollusk division. have both male and female members
Mating takes place between the fe- which produce live fish in the ordin-
male "Formosa" and the male mem- ary manner, according to Museums
bers of related species, but the result- zoologists, except for the peculiar va-
ing offsprings are always females, riety of Amazon females which are a
possessing the characteristics of the hybrid group. Regardless of which of
mother, with no traces of the gaudy the males they are mated with, the
colorings or fine fins of the father. results are always the same.
As a result of this phenomenal situa- Attention was called that the "mol-
tion, prolific "double crossers" now lies" play an important role in the
infest tropical waters, as each mother story of evolution, inasmuch as hy-
has hundreds of daughters but never bridization is one of the factors, even
a son. This apparent case of earthen- though no genetic explanation for it
ogenesis, offspring without a father, has been found.
is the first among vertebrates known Another peculiar feature of Mol-
to science. lienisia is their cannibalistic trait.
The recent arrivais. which are Both the regular varieties and the
on the average about half an inch in "Amazons" eat their offsprings. One
length, were caught by Pfofessox tankful here have been broken of the
Hubbs in Lake Petin. They were im- habit, either because of the improved
mediately shipped to Florida by plane, feeding condition, or as Mrs. Hubbs
and after a short rest there, were remarked with a smile, "because of
taken by rail here. According to Mu- I improved social surroundings."

Michigan Men
Are To Return
From Jungles
Hubbs, Vander Schalie,
Expedition Leaders, Will
Sail May 4
The Hubbs-Vander Schalie expe-
dition to Guatemala will leave the
Central American jungles and sail for
home May 4, a dispatch received at
the University Museums yesterday
The expedition, headed by Prof.
Carl L. Hubbs of the Zoology Museum
fish division and Dr. Henry Vander
Schalie of the mollusk division, will
sail from Belize, British Honduras,
the dispatch said. It is believed at
the Museums that they will arrive
here somewhere around May 10. It
was originally believed that the sci-
entists would not return until the
middle of May. The rainy season in
Central America, however, is reported
to have started early. The expedition
left Ann Arbor Jan. 27, for New Or-,
leans, where it sailed across the Gulf
of Mexico to Belize. After being held
up for some time there when Prof.
Hubbs and Dr. Vander Schalie missed
their plane, they finally reached
Flores, Guatemala, by way of Gaute-
mala City. A good part of the terri-
tory in which they have been work-
ing was wholly unexplored, some,
parts of it being termed "less known
than the heart of Africa."
They immediately began their work
in Lake Petin, investigating some un-
known deep water fauna and discov-
ering some rare land shells. They
also explored some heretofore un-
known inland lakes in an attempt
to find their outlets. These activities,
together with the catching of some
unusual specimens of fish and mol-
lusks, enable them to term their ex-
pedition "very successful."
The expedition was sponsored by
the Carnegie Institution of Wash-
ington, D.C., which is making a re-
search over a period of 20 years in
the Central American country of the'
ancient Maya Indians.

Of Three-Day
ParleyIs Made
Chairmen Are Appointed
To Lead Discussion On
Current Topics
The full program of the Spring
Parley, which will begin its three-day
session Friday in the Union, and the
chairmen of the five discussion
group3s of the Parley were announced,
by the executive committee yesterday.
Arrangements have been made for
general meetings of the whole Parley
at 4 p.m. and 7 p.m. Friday in the
North Lounge of the Union and at
10 a.m. Sunday in the Union Ball-
room. Two sessions of the Parley, at
3 p.m. and 7:30 p.m. Saturday, will
be devoted to separate discussion
groups on the sub-tropics which have
been chosen to supplement the formal
title of the Parley, which is "Values
Involved in Social Conflict at the
University of Michigan."
Martin Wagner, Grad., . Rhodes
scholar-elect; Cyril Hetsko, '36L, Law
Review and on the Board of Gov-
ernors in the Law School; Wilbert1
Hindman, Grad., Earhart Fellow;
Winifred Bell, '36, chairman of the
judiciary committee; and Irving Le-
vitt, '36, president of the Council of
Religion, were elected as chairmen
of the sub-committees on "War,"
"Techniques of Social Action," "Aca-
demic Freedom," "Political Philos-
ophy," and "Racial Discrimination,"
Members of the executive commit-
tee said that they expected to be able
to announce the membership of the
complete faculty panel today. The
Parley will be opened. they declared,
with short addresses by five members.
On the following day, the group
will split up into the five sub-com-
mittees which will be led by the stu-
with two or three members of- the
faculty also present, and on Sunday
the Parley will come together for the
last time for a general summation
of what has been accomplished, it was

Highest Court
Fails To Pass
O1nNRA Cases
Says It Lacks Jurisdiel ion
Over Constitutionality Of
New York Law
Validity Of Oil Code
Also Disregarded
Appeal In Motor Vehicle
Case Is Dismissed For
Improper Complaint
WASHINGTON, April, 29. - (P) -
The Supreme Court today refused to
pass on several cases bearing on NRA
The court announced that it was
without jurisdiction to rule on the
constitutionality of a New York State
law for enforcement of the NRA code
of fair competition for the motor ve-
hicle retailing trade, declining to re-
view a decision by a three-judge Fed-
eral Court which upheld the State
In the motor vehicle case, theicourt
said it was forced to dismiss the ap-
peal because the Federal Court which
sustained the State law had no juris-
diction to consider the complaint and
should have dismissed the suit.
State Law Challenged
The Spielman Motor Sales Co. had
challenged the law when prosecuted
on charges of selling automobiles be-
low NRA code prices., It attacked the
validity of the National Recovery Act,
the NRA code.and the New York en-
forcement law.
The refusal to pass on the oil codes
was on the ground that no question
within its jurisdiction was presented
in a case involving the Wilshire Oil
Co., Inc., and other producers in the
Santa Fe Springs and the Huntington
Beach oil fields in Southern Cali-
The controversy now goes back to
the ninth Circuit Court of Appeals for
a ruling on a decision by the Federal
District Court for Southern California
prohibiting the oil companies, pend-
ing further orders, from producing
the product in excess of the amount
allocated them by Secretary of In-
terior Harold L. Ickes, administrator
of the oil code.
May Be Returned
Instead of passing on the case the
Court of Appeals asked the Supreme
Court to decide whether Congress had
fixed standards sufficiently definite
to warrant the petroleum code, and if
so whether the delegation of such
power to the President was valid.
After the Court of Appeals rules
on the dispute it may be brought
back to the high court for a final de-
Tha court adjourned without rul-
ing on two cases in which decisions
have been expected for several weeks.
These cases involve ie constitution-
ality of the Railway Pension and the
Frazier-Lemke Farm Mortgage Mora-
torium acts."
Hell Week Pranks
At Minnesota Are
No Longer Menace
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., April 29. -
(Big Ten) - In the future hotel night
clerks may not have to deal out sta-
tionery, golf courses may again leave

out their flags at .night, household
pets may be put out and people who
have been troubled annually for their
signatures may pursue their various
professions undisturbed.
Nearly all fraternities last week de-
clared they planned to follow the In-
terfraternity council's suggestion that
Hell week activities be confined to
Neophytes will continue to drag
themselves to ' campus restaurants
where they will eat hamburgers and
drink beer in a standing position.
But the frantic wild goose chase and
the early morning hitch hike from the
country is nearly gone.
LANSING, April 29.-(A')-The
governor's leadership in the Sen-
ate went down to defeat in a bit-
ter battle tonight by a vote of 20
to 11 when the Senate concurred
in house amendments to the bill
abolishing the state Administra-
tive board which made it unac-
ceptable to the chief executive.
The bill creates a state director

G.O.P. Leaders Map 1936 Fight In Meeting

Plans Hit
Filibuster On Anti-Lynch
Bill Blocks Senate For
Third Straight Day
Republicans Seek
Early Adjournment
Program Of Work Relief
Takes Shape With Hope
Of EarlyProjects
WASHINGTON, April 29-(W) -
Roosevelt leaders in Congress today
sought to spur their followers into
more speed and "better cooperation"
toward enacting the President's five-
point legislative program before mid-
summer, but ran into immediate dif-
For the third straight day the Sen-
ate remained blocked in the grip of
a filibuster by southenr Democrats
against the anti-lynching bill. Added
to this, Republican leaders, joined by
a few Democrats, demanded that the
list of "must" bills be shortened to
make an early adjournment possible.
Elsewhere is the capital of $4,800,-
000,000 work relief program took fur-
ther shape as word was forthcoming
that the President hoped to have un-
der way by early summer projects
that would bring low rental homes to
city dwellers and improve living con-
ditions for farmers of poor lands.,Sec-
retary Ickes said after a confeence
with the President that he had $100,-
000,000 in housing projects in 28 cities
which he hoped to initiate by mid-
Refuses To Adjourn
The Senate remained in the throes
of a determined Southern filibuster
against consideration of the Anti-
Lynching Bill. Late in the afternoon,
for the third time in as many :days,
the Senate refused to side track the
motion to consider the bill by voting
down a proposal to adjourn by 38 to


-Associated Press Photo.
Meeting in Excelsior Springs, Mo., a score of mid-west Republican
leaders czmurising an unofficial "grass roots" committee called by Har-
rison E. Spangler (tep,right), national committeeman for Iowa, discussed
a proposed regional meeting at which. a 1936 platform will be discussed.
With Spangler is Arthur M. Hyde, former secretary of Agriculture.'
Below are, left to right: Martin A. Nelson, Austin, Minn.; Senator C. H.
McKenzie, St. Paul.
New Issue Of French Club
Technic Will Will Pr e s ent
Appear Today PlayTonight
Article By Thoren On 'Via 18th Century Comedy By
Stratosphere' Is Feature Marivaux To & Offered
Of Magzine By Cercle Francais
The Cercle Francais will present its
The April issue of the Michigan annual French play at 8:15 p.m. today
Technic, first since the selection of at Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. The
i new staff, will go on sale today in play, "Le Jeu de l'Amour et du Has-
the East and West Engineering Build- ard," by Marivaux is the brilliant{
ings. comedy of the 18th century French1
Featured in this issue is an article theater.
'ntitled "Via Stratosphere" by Ru- The plays presented by the Cercle
Dolph L. Thoren, '35E, dealing with Francais have been annual events for
the problems and prospects of travel more than 25 years and present the
'n the stratosphere. unusual opportunity of hearing a cast
Other articles in the magazine
ire "Calorizing Steel," by Dr. Claude of student actors perform in the orig-
L. Clark of the engineering school, inal French plays of the French
'State Registration for Engineers," theater.
'y Prof. Charles T. Olmstead of the This .year's choice has the addi-
ngineering school, and "Camp Da- tional merit of being one of the truly
vis, Dedicated to Surveying," by Prof. great French comedies of all time.
larence T. Johnston, director of the The preparation of tonight's produc-
camp. tion places heavy demands on the
Honored this month in the "May skill of the actors and on their lin-
We Present" columns are Thoren, 1 guistic ability. Prof. Rene Talamon,
who is treasurer of the Aero branch and Charles Koella of the French de-
of the American Society of Mechan- partment have been supervising the'
ieal Engineering, Edward F. Jaros, work of the cast for several weeks.
'35E, secretary of the Transportation Those who will take part in to-
Club, Delbert P. Hesler, '35E, co- night's performance are Elisabeth 0.
Thairman of the Military Ball, Oliver Laub, '36, Margaret Cutler, '36, Frank
S. Spark, '35E, senior ball committee- W. Funk, '35, Maurice R. Demers, '35E,
man, and George A. Dankers, Jr., Carl A. Nelson, '36, Vaudie Vanden-
'35E, berg, '36, and Robert Hawley, '35.

. I

Republican chiefs, joined by a few
Democrats, clouded the situation fur-
ther with demands that part of the
Administration's agenda be scrapped
to allow early adjournment.
An open break between the Cham-
ber of Commerce of the United States
and Mr. Roosevelt on major policies
appeared imminent as the Chamber,
in annual convention, issued a re-
port condemning the Administration's
banking legislation.
Charges that industry was "con-
spiring" to defeat the American Fed-
eration of Labor's legislative program
were made at a rally of Federation
leaders. William Gren, A.F. of L.
president, said that dinners for Con-
gressmen in swanky hotels here were
only one part of industry's campaign
to defeat the Wagner Labor Disputes
Bill, the Black-Connery 30-hour Week
Bill and the social security legislation.
Wagner Bill Approved
And, meanwhile, the Wagner Bill
was approved by the Senates Labor
Committee with but one strengthen-
ing amendment - which would make
it unfair labor practice for employers
to refuse to bargain with represnta-
tives of employees chosen under the
method set up in the bill. The com-
mittee agreed to report the bill to the
Senate as soon as chairman David I.
Walsh, of Massachusetts, could have
iit printed and write the report.
Opposition to NRA within Demo-
cratic ranks broke into the open when
Sen. William H. King, of Utah, in-
troduced a bil lto abolish the Recovery
Administration and transfer its fun-
damental powers to the Federal Trade
New Deal And AAA
Policies Attacked
BOSTON, April 29 -(;')- A con-
certed attack on the New Deal and
a bitter indictment of the AAA's cot-
ton policies was promised tonight as
Republican leaders of six states gath-
ered here on the eve of a New Eng-
land regional conference.
A military declaration by U.S. rep-
Resentative Joseph W. Martin, who
headed the group seeking President
Roosevelt's intervention in New Eng-
land's textile crisis, sounded a key-
note for the meeting.
"The last two months plainly indi-
cate-that the welfare of the textile in-
dustry lies with the Republican
party," Martin ,asserted on his arrival
from Washington to attend the con-
ference regarded nationally as the

Prooram For Unemployed Youth
Outlined By Professor Myers

A four-point program for assisting
unemployed youth, to be carried
out by the public school system in
collaboration with relief agencies, is
outlined by Prof. George E. Myers of
the educational school in an article
entitled - "What of Unemployed
Youth" appearing in the April issue
of "Education" magazine.
The plan calls for general educa-
tion with attention to civic, social,
and economic questions as well as to
cultural interests, further prepara-
tion for a suitable vocation, building
up a wholesome recreational life, and
developing the habit of participating
wisely and effectively in community
service activities.
A substantial share of the Federal
work relief funds, according to the

who wish to participate in the pro-
The proposal further calls for par-
ticipation by these youth for a min-
imum of 20 hours a week in "an edu-
cational, recreational, and unpaid
community service program deter-
mined in accordance with individual
needs and liabilities."
Comparing his 'proposal with "the
human salvaging work of the CCC
camps," Professor Myers says, "the
program proposed here, carried on in
the communities to which they (un-{
employed youth) belong and contrib-
uting directly to the immediate im-
provement of those communities
should be no less effective in fitting
youth for community life nor in con-
tributing to social welfare."
Professor Myers asserts that "un-

a' Prominent Local Dog,
Succumbs To Prolonged,,Ills
Max Berry, distinguished member Max Berry's best day's work from
of the University of Michigan's can- the standpoint of birds flushed was
ine "set," died late Saturday night at made during an attempt to determine
the home of his master, Prof. Howard the total population of game birds on
M. Wight of the School of Forestry a 2,000-acre tract.
nd Conservation, 1417 South Univer- .During the brief period of about
sity Street. He was a Gordon setter, eight hours accompanied by the
11 years old, and his death was caused pointer, Professor Wight flushed 116
by a series of ailments resulting from birds. In this particular investiga-
by seie ofaimens esutig fomtion no man or group of men could
old age. have covered the area with the same
Black-haired, sleek-appearing, and efficiency, he said.
standing out from the rest of the Among the animals toward which
campus dogs for his policy of never Max showed particular interest in his
entering campus buildings, Max Ber- work were squirrels, rabbits'and eats,
ry's chief claim to fame was the and on several occasions he attracted
honor of establishing for his kind an Professor Wight's attention in a most
enviable place in conservation work. amusing manner to skunks. A skunk
In an interview yesterday-Professor 'was always quite a treat for him. He
Wight ranked Max Berry along with seemed to consider it as something
Rin Tin Tin, former national favorite entertaining instead of something to
of moviedom, as two dogs that have chose, for he would stand over a
"done most in their respective fields skunk with front legs spread apart,
for the advancement of the canine tongue out and ears up, his tail wag-
world." ging happily.
Trained especially for his unique Mention should be made of one

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