THE MICHTOAN DAILY
THEMIHIGN AIL STUDY. I
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MANAGING EDITOR ................WILLIAM G. FERRIS
CITY DITOR........................JOHN HEALEY
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR ........... RALPH G. COULTER
SPORTS EDITOR ....................ARTHUR CARSTENS
WOMEN'S EDITOR...................ELEANOR BLUM
NIGHT EDITORS: Courtney A. Evans, John J. Flaherty,
Thomas E. Groehn, Thomas H. Kieene, David G. Mac-
donald, John M. O'Connell, Arthur M. Taub.
SPORTS ASSISTANTS: Marjorie Western, Kenneth Parker,
William Reed, Arthur Settle.
WOMEN'S ASSISTANTS: Barbara L. Bates, Dorothy Gies,
Florence Harper, Eleanor Johnson, Josephine McLean,
Margaret D. Phalan, Rosalie Resnick, Jane Schneider,
REPORTERS: Rex Lee Beach, Robert B. Brown, Clinton B.
Conger, Sheldon M. Ellis, William H. Fleming, Richard
G. Hershey, Ralph W. Hurd, Bernard Levick, Fred W.
Neal, Robert Pulver, Lloyd S. Reich, Jacob C. Seidel,
Marshall D. Shulman, Donald Smith, Wayne H. Stewart,
Bernard Weissman. George Andros, Fred Buesser, Rob-
ert Cummins, Fred DeLano, Robert J. Friedman, Ray-
mond Goodman, Keith H. Tustison, Joseph Yager.
Dorothy Briscoej, Florence Davies, Helen Diefendorf,
Elaine Goldberg,:Betty Goldstein, Olive Griffith, Har-
riet Hathaway, Marion Holden, Lois King, Selma Levin,
Elizabeth Miller, Melba Morrison, Elsie Pierce, Charlotte
Rueger, Dorothy Shappell, Molly Solomon, Laura Wino--i
BUSINESS MANAGER-..............RUSSELL B. READ
CREDIT MANAGER ...................ROBERT S. WARD
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER......JANE BASSETT
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS: Local Advertising, John Og-
den; Service Department. Bernard Rosenthal; Contracts,
Joseph Rothbard; Accounts, Cameron Hall; Circulation
and National Advertising, David Winkworth; Classified
Advertising and Publications, George Atherton.
BUSINESS ASSISTANTS: -William Jackson, William
Barndt, Ted Wohlgemuith, Lyman Bittman, John Park,
F. Allen Upson, Willis Tomlinson, Homer Lathrop, Tom
Clarke, Gordon Cohn, Merrel Jordan, Stanley Joffe,
Richard E. Chaddock.
WOMEN'S ASSISTANTS: Mary Bursley, Margaret Cowie,
Marjorie Turner, Betty Cavender, Betty Greve, Helen
Shapland, Betty Simonds, Grace Snyder. Margaretta
Kollig, Ruth Clarke, Edith Hamilton, Ruth Dicke,
Paula Joerger, Mary Lou Hooker, Jane HeathBernadine
Field, Betty Bowman, Judy Tresper. Marjorie Langen-
derfer, Geraldine Lehman, Betty Woodworth.
quences are the vital thing. It seems that conse-
quences are in this case more deserving of being
taken intoraccount than ever before. It also appears
probable that they are being considered with great
care. Whether the upholding of the administration
in its monetary policies or rigid support for the
validity of contracts is of most concern is a mighty
big question. Who knows what the answer will be?
Truly, only God and the Supreme Court.
M AURICE HINDUS, author and lec-
turer, spoke Wednesday night in
glowing terms of the great advances of Russian ag-
riculture under a system of collectivized farming.
He predicted a brilliant future for the Soviet and
an astonishing advance in the standard of living
within the next 10 years, barring serious war.
. Were the Russian revolution to collapse com-
pletely, he declared, "the one thing that would beI
left in the country would be the collectivization
His statement is thought-provoking because, of
all forms of enterprise in the United States, farm-
ing has been most rigorously excluded from any
type of large-scale system, private or governmental.
America knows that its agricultural problem is
not one of the depression alone, although hard
times for all have naturally made the lot of the
farmer still worse. Farm relief in this country
has been an uninterrupted issue since the War, and
the outlook for the future is not encouraging.
Prof. Roy H. Holmes of the sociology department,
after a personal correspondence with Michigan
farm families over a period of many months, an-
nounced his conclusion several weeks ago that
he cannot help fearing that the farmer is headed
for the condition of a peasant, and that "the
rural population is gradually resigning itself to
Professor Holmes describes how "an isolation
from town centers and a renewal of hand methods
for subsistence farming" can be discovered today.
Lack of organization and the "individualism"
of the farmer are cited by the professor as primary}
handicaps to his keeping up with an economy that
is otherwise highly specialized and suitably organ-
ized. And while much may be said for the value
of individualism as the motive force behind en-
terprise, it can scarcely be contended that the indi-
vidual is in any case a match for the machine.
Large-scale farming is unquestionably a system
hostile to the sentimental notions of individualistic
farming held in America. Large-scale farming can
fairly be termed "un-American" in the historical
Large-scale industry, too, was once "un-Amer-
NIGHT EDITOR: ARTHUR M. TAUB
T HE LONG-HERALDED DECISION
on the "gold clause" case, to be ren-
dered soon by the United States Supreme Court,
will without question, regardless of outcome, be a
unique one involving far-reaching consequences.
It was pointed "out Thursday by University legal
and constitutional authorities that there is no real
precedent for the case. The nine American citizens
who will render the decision involving more than
$100,000,000 and vitally affecting the financial con-
dition of the government are without an historical
basis on which to act.
It is a commonly recognized fact that Supreme
Court interpretations are not and cannot be coldly
institutional, but always reflect the fundamental
viewpoints of the men who make them. As has
been pointed out by political observers, Justices
McReynolds, Van Devanter, Sutherland, and But-
ler are almost certain to take a conservative view,
voting against the government and in favor of
paying the bonds with dollars equivalent to the old
The appointment of Justice Cardoza, a Demo-
crat, by President Hoover was hailed as a great
liberalizing influence on the nation's highest
court. He has upheld the predictions and has ren-
dered one dissenting opinion after another, taking
the liberal view point almost invariably. But Justice
Cardoza has spent many long years associated with
"big business." His legal work on the New York
court of appeals has repeatedly involved the sanc-
tity of contracts. It is entirely possible, even prob-
able, that he reverse his liberal standpoint and
vote against the government for such reasons.
The same is true of Chief Justice Hughes. Ap-
pointed to head the tribunal as a conservative, his
liberal stands have surprised many. On several
cases, he has supported the President. But on this
case, due to his long association with contracts and
their sanctity, he is very likely to oppose the Pres-
ident's policy. Justice Roberts, who is neither con-
sistently liberal nor conservative, is also doubtful.
That leaves only two, Justices Brandeis and
Stone, who are expected beyond doubt to support
It has been said of Supreme Court decisions
that only God and the justices know how ithey
will come out. This time there are persons willing
to doubt even the knowledge of these, so many are
the factors entering into the decision.
Foremost among these is the fact that the con-
servative, or big property-holding class, is divided
itself. Large bond holders oppose the government
in hopes of getting more on their investment. But
tnn onr n1 n ri Ahio r rnrnnoirn,,.nn l jof -i. fao r
The SOAP BOX
Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants wil, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors areasked to
be brief. the- editor reserving the right to condense
all letters of over 300 words.
Solution For Bill Brown
To the Editor:
Young Bill Brown, a student, and only 19 years
old, went to see 'All Quiet on the Western Front"
last week and came back hating war. Bill had
joined the R.O.T.C. when he came to Michigan
because he liked the uniforms, but now that he
understood what war actually is, his khaki suit took
on a new significance; it and all that it represents
became loathsome to him; even the neat, shining
boots lost their allure. In blind rage he cried out,
"No, by God! I'm 19. Im young and I love life.
I'd be shot before I sacrifice my life for those profit
vultures!" So he went through a period of intense
mental agony; he was mortified that, like the tragic
group of college boys in the movie, he had allowed
himself to be fooled by a pair of pants and a shirt.
Then Bill began to think. Just the day before,j
Prof. John F. Shepard of the Psychology depart-
ment had said in an interview with a Michigan
Daily reporter that wars are rooted in the economic
facts of social existence. Bill agreed with Professor
Shepard, for he had learned from a reliable source
that Anaconda Copper began the war with a deficit
of $300,000 and achieved a surplus of $33,000,000
in 1916; that Bethlehem Steel declared a 200 per
cent dividend on class B common stock in 1917;
and that the surplus in the U.S. Steel depositories
rose from $143,000,000 in 1914 to $518,000,000 inj
1918. Brown was intelligent enough to conclude
frcm these statistics that wars are not fought in
the interests of himself and those who bear its
agonies but for the huge profits that a handful of
unscrupulous non-combatants are able to derive
from bloodshed and misery.
In the face of such facts, Bill knew that regard-
less of the consequences to himself, he would have
to take aggressive steps to prevent a repetition of
1914-18; but what was he to do? He repudiated the
pacifist position ("he'd have to be aggressive -
aggressive as war itself!"): he was skeptical, andj
for good reasons, of naval and disarmament con-
ferences, of the effectiveness of the League of Na-
tions, and student pledges not to fight wars of
aggression, and only to defend their country. In
other words, poor Bill Brown felt himself duty
bound to fight against war and yet, he was ignorant
of any effective method he could employ; he seemed
to be no nearer the solution than when he came
out of the theatre.
But there is an effective solution to Bill's prob-
lem. He knows that in unity there is strength.
He can do his part toward preventing war by
allying himself with an organization which fights
relentlessly and openly against all forms of mili-
tarism; this organization opposes the R.O.T.C.
because it is a manifestation of militarism in the
schools; it is against that breeder of war, fascism:
it calls anti-war demonstrations and conferences
and protest strikes of students against the policies
that are recklessly plunging the world into war;
By BUD BERNARD
BEHOLD, THE EXAM
Now in those days a course was given and all
the people came to take the course, for it was a
enap. Some of them were wise and some were
foolish. They that were foolish took the course,
but took no notes of it. And while the semester
tarried, they all whispered and slept. But the
wise took notes and hearkened unto the profes-
sor. Then at last there was a great cry mad,
"BEHOLD, THE EXAM COMETH."
Then all the peope arose and began to cram
their notes, and the foolish said unto the wise:
"Lend us your notes for ours are lost." But the
wise answered: "We know it is not so." Then
great fear arose in the hearts of the foolish
and they got themselves together with a great
cry saying: "Wve, woe to us, lest we flunk and
b sport of the campus.
The one aese who was foxier than all the
rest and said in a loud voice: "Go to, oh ye
fearful! I, even I, will save you and we will still
be the people. We will visit the professor one
by one and sing praises unto his name and his
labors. And him we will make jcyful with these
flatteries. And on the evening when the exams
come his heart will be full of thanks to us and
none shall flunk. Selah."
And so it was even as it was said.
We like this letter sent to the editor of the
University of Maryland publication by the staff
Please not that Heywood Broun went on a
mad and wouldn't contribute his regular column
to the World Telegram for five days. Because
that paper refuesed to print one of his columns.
If Heywood Broun can be temperamental, so can I.
Hereafter please handle us with tact.
Y ' 4
We wish to express our extreme disapproval
of the attitudes of those fraternities whose
members have been so inconsiderate that they
have called off their previously planned house
parties, merely because of a few restrictions
placed on them by the recent ruling. We do not
-A FEW OF THE GIRLS FROM
We just can't help but disliking the profes-
ser at Ohio State University who came into his
class and announced that he was going to read
off the pre-final grades aloud, and then before
he began, opened every window in the room.
As Others See It
On The Anti-Hearst Front
UNANIMITY WILL NEVER come closer to ex-
emplification than it has in recent weeks as
the editors of the country's college papers turned
with one mind to the business of making them-
selves heard as far as their comparatively puny
voices would carry against the red scare that
William Randolph Hearst and others were busy
The solid front of the college editors' attack
was not in itself unexpected. But the vigor and
soundness of their arguments was encouraging to
those who look to our colleges for future leader-
ship. The Daily Princetonian sounded the call
to arms with a typical attack:
The Sage of San Simeon has a new ace up
his sleeve. Not content with prattling against
internationalism, he is now devoting his atten-
tion to the eradication of college Communism,
which, he proclaims, is growing rapidly
through the subversive teachings of bearded
Mr. Hearst has a perfect right to resent
Communism, but there is sufficient evidence
to show that under the guise of this "100 per
cent Americanism" he, is waging a battle
against all dissenting opinion . . . Mr. Hearst,
apparently, is going to encounter more oppo-
sition than he has anticipated.
Another professedly "clever move" was to
sponsor a Washington meeting of the editors
of all college dailies. There they were feted
and dined, and then removed to New York to
be subjected to the wisdom of some of Mr.
Hearst's foremost satellites.
The overwhelming majority came and went
in firm opposition to his principles and meth-
ods . . . Drop in the bucket though it may have
been, the money which rolled from the Hearst- 3
ian coffers to smooth the surface can be writ-
ten in the ledger with red ink. Mr. Hearst,
it would seem, is pinning too much faith in
After 50 college newspapers had subscribed to
a declaration by James A. Wechsler, editor of the
Columbia Spectator, declaring Hearst "a menace
to academic freedom" and interpreting his on-
slaught as "the vanguard of fascism in America,"
the undergraduate press went on with sporadic
individual attacks. Said J. Ben Lieberman in The
Daily llini :
Mr. Hearst is certainly not a "menace" when
he fights dirty politics, graft, vice, dope-rings,
etc., etc., but when he leans over into some-
thing that may lead to fascism, a protest}
should go up, lest the public interpret the uni-
versities' silence as an indictment.
If you keep quiet I'll let you
in on the secret. When B.J.
asked Nan he also told her
that if she would go with him
he would order one of those
incomparable J-HOP Extras
A Bit Of Gosi..0
y o and
Yesterday M.L. got a short
and decisive answer. It was
"Thank you, No. As ever,
Nancy." You should have
seen him tear up the house.
ave you heard about the
competition that M.L.
IB.J. had in trying to get
Hop date with N.R.? It's
biggest scoop of the year.
It was another story with
B.J. though. I saw him talk-
in9 to Nancy over on the
Diagonal and he had the big-
gest smile on his face I have
ever seen. She had just said
that she would LOVE to go
MICHIGAN DAILY, STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BUILDING
Send My Girl's Copy of THE J-HOP EXTRA
i Religious Activities
The Fellowship of Zion Lutheran
Liberal Religion Church
(UNITAItTAN) Wai 1 ngton at Fifth Avenue
State and Huron StreetsE. c.Stellhorn, Pastor
5A15MSERVCE00 AM. -Bible School; lesson -
CAL FLR E DN OF THET10:30 AM. --Service with sermon on,
-talk by Rev. Marley, followed by O SIN"
a buffet supperF
" A E GText: Romans 7:7-16
-a play directed yProf. J L N EG LECT 2:30P.M. -- Meeting of Junior Mis-
Brummr of the department of sion Band.
First Methodist St. Paul's Lutheran
Episcopal Church West Liberty and Third Sts.
State and Washington RRev. C. A. Brauer. Pastor
Charles W. Brashares, Minister 9:30 A.M. - Sunday School
9:30 A.M.- The Service in German.
9:45 A.M. - Class for young men and A C T IV ITI E 10 e Morning Worsh-
vomen of coleage. Dr. Ro ss Sermon by the pastor.
Burroughs xwill lead the discus-
sion. Meet in the balcony of the "NAANAN AND FAITH"
church auditorium. I
6:00 P.M. - Student Walther League