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December 18, 1934 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1934-12-18

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The Weather
Increasing cloudiness, snow
by afternoon or night, slowly
rising temperature Tuesday.

wood

itAga

-Ao a itmm 6

Editorials
Adjusting To Changing
Needs...
How The Lower Half Lives. ,

VOL. XLV. No. 73 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1934

PRICE FIVE CENTS

France Plans Public Activities Call Many

To Increase
Size Of Navy

Political Sc

Report Of Naval
Terms Present.

Budget
Status

As 'Absurd'
Briand's Promises
Recalled By Deputy
French Want Force Equal
To Combined Strength
Of GermanyAnd Italy
PARIS, Dec. 17 -(P) - France,
watching with keen interest the futile
naval conversations in London, laid
plans today to boost her naval ratio
far above the present 1.75 in capital
ships at any conversation which may
follow Japan's renunciation of the
Washington treaty.
This year's report of the naval
budget described as "absurd" the
present 1.75 ratio to 5 for Britain and
America and 3 for Japan, and equal-
ity with Italy in capital ships.
It was indicated in informed quar-
ters that the position will be chal-
lenged as completely inadequate at
the first opportunity.
Recalls Briand's Promise
France wants to throw overboard
the whole question of naval parity
which has embittered her relations
with Italy. Deputy Jacques Stern, in
his report of the naval budget recent-
ly; recalled promises made by Aris-
tide Briand before the Chamber of
Deputies in 1923 that France would
not be bound by any automatic re-
newal of the Washington and London
treaties.
The French want a navy equal to
the combined forces of Italy and Ger-
many. They base their claims on the
fact that they have two seacoasts to
defend, the Atlantic and the Mediter-
ranean, while Italy and Germany
have only one apiece.
Object To Ratio Basis
The second objection to the 1.75
ratio is that the world's naval posi-
tion of 1920 is the basis for it, instead
of that of 1914.
During the war France stopped
work on her ships while the other four
great powers built up their fleets. The
1914 ratio, using 5 as a basis, was as
follows: Great Britain 5, France and'
the United States 2.2, Japan 1.3, and
Italy .91.4
The French had no great objec-
tion to the new position of the United
States and Japan in the naval scale,
but the appearance of Italy as a rival'
has long been the subject of con-
troversy between Rome and Paris.
Anonymous Gift
Of Therapeutic
Pool Accepted
New Health Project Will
Cost $20,000; To Treat
Orthopedic Cases(
A $20,000 therapeutic pool similar
to that available to patients at Pres-
ident Roosevelt's famous Warm
Springs, Ga., foundation will be added
to the University Hospital plant as the
result of an anonymous gift which┬░
was accepted by the Board of Regentsa
at its recent meeting.
Announcement of the acceptance of
the gift was made yesterday by Dr.
Harley Haynes, director of the hos-
pital, through the office of the presi-
dent of the University.
The pool is an addition to the fa-
cilities of the University Hospital
which has long been desired, officials
stated. It will be used for the after-
treatment of anterior poliomyelitis
cases and other orthopedic conditions
in which exercises performed while
floating in water are beneficial.
Final plans for its construction have
not yet been formulated, Albert Kahn,
Detroit architect, is preparing ten-
tative arrangements.

The exact location of the pool will'
be determined by campus buildings'
and hospital officials, who are to meet
on Wednesday. The belief that it will
be located adjacent to the main hos-
pital building and connected to it by
covered corridors was advanced yes-
terday by officials at the hospital.
Hitherto it has been necessary to
use large tubs for the treatment of.
patients for whom itis desirable to
prescribe exercises performed while
the patient's weight is partially sup-
ported by water.
The hospital is called upon to treat
abou 325 infantile paralysis cases a
year. and there are about 40 such

With Prof. James K. Pollock leav-
ing in January for Europe to take up
his position on the Saar election
board, three members of the political
science department will be absent
from the campus doing work in some
form of public service. A fourth
member of the department who is
now on leave, Prof. Jesse S. Reeves,
went to Europe to take part in a con-
ference on international law.
A list of the men in the department
who have left the campus on leave
to engage in public activities would
make up a sizeable volume. Profes-
sor Pollock's appointment to a place
on one of the district election boards
handling the votes of some 3,000
residents of the Saar in the forth-
coming plebiscite is the most recent
honor to come to a member of the
department.
Professor Reeves left Ann Arbor
last September to attend a meeting of;
the Institute of International Law;
which was scheduled to be held in
Madrid., The revolt in Spain caused

ience Professors
the adjournment of the meeting to
France. After the meeting Professor
Reeves continued on around the
world and planned to visit Prof. Jos-
eph R. Hayden in the Philippines.
In 1924 Professor Reeves was lec-
turer at the Academy of International
Law at The Hague and ever since
the following year he has been the
American member of the Pan Amer-
ican Commission of Jurists for the
codification of international law. He
has also been a member of the Per-
manent Court of Central American
Justice since'1925. His works on var-
ious subjects in political science are
well known to people in that field.
It was just about a year ago that
Professor Hayden was called from the
University to take up his duties as
vice-governor of the Philippine Is-
lands.
Prof. Thomas H. Reed, the third
member of the department who is
absent on leave, is now special con-
sultant on muncipal affairs for the
(Continued on Page 6)

-- -1

Phi Kappa Phi
Honor Society
Holds Initiation
Ceremonial Banquet For
New Members Given At
League LastNight
Forty-four seniors and graduate
students and eight members of the
faculty were initiated into Phi Kappa
Phi, national all-University honor so-
ciety, at a banquet last night in the
League.
Dr. Philip C. Nash, president of the
University of Toledo, giving the ad-
dress of the evening, declared that
in the "very different" society which
we are approaching, "education for
the fun of it" will have an increas-
ingly important place.
Within a hundred years, barring
wars, Dr. Nash predicted, we should
be in a position to devote ourselves
wholeheartedly to such matters as
the development of a philosophy of
life, much as did the Greeks.
a.., btIs Stumbling Block
Discussing aspects of the present
depression. he stated that the enor-
mous burden of debt is the most pain-
ful stumbling block to a solution, and,
as was the case before recovery from
any previous depression, that load may
yet have to be wiped out, either by
deflation or inflation. The most en-
couraging factor, he said, is that we
are now for the first time seeking so-
lutions for the masses.
Dr. Carl E. Guthe,.director of the
Museum of Anthropology,and Dean
S. T. Dana of the forestry school
presided at the initiation ceremony.
Thelma U. Newell, '35SM, one of the
initiates, offered three violin solos.
She was accompanied by Miss Laura
Whelan.
Eight Faculty Members
Faculty members initiated into the
society last night were Dean Alice C.
Lloyd, Prof. Arthur W. Bromage of
the political science department, Prof.
Charles C. Fries of the English de-
parment, Prof. Samuel A. Graham of
the zoology department, Prof. Theo-
whil H. Hildebrandt of the mathe-
matics department, Prof. Roderick D.
McKenzie of the sociology depart-
ment, Prof. Walter A. Reichart of the
German department, and Prof. Ed-
ward A. Stalker of the engineering
college.
Seniors in the literary college
named to membership last night were
Helen E. Aigler, Robert G. Carney,
Arthur J. Carr, Ralph G. Coulter,
Donald B. Elder, Bernard Etkind, Vic-
tor A. Goedicke, Janet I. B. Ivory,
Elizabeth B. Lawry, Mary E. Lunny,
William F. Morgan, Robert A. M.
Morris, Wanda Novinski, Seymour J.
Rubin, Mary Sabin, Erna F. Schmidt,
Libby R. Selin, Truman C. Smith,
Charles C. Spangenberg, Adam H.
Spees, Louis W. Staudt, William J.
Warner, Jacob I. Weissman, and Col-
lin M. Wilsey.
The 10 men chosen from the en-
gineering college were William K.
Boice, Samuel Bousky, Maurice R. De-
mers, Russell W. Houvener, A. Fran-
cis Klute, O. Allen Knuusi, John F.
Schmidt, Rudolph L. Thoren, Edgar
C. Vardon, and Harold A. Weggel.
Initiates from other schools and
colleges included Sol R. Baker, '35M,
Hyman S. Sugar, '35M, Helen H. Har-
mon, '35D, Stewart W. Miller, '35D,'
Helen Crawford, '35Ed, Mary L. Kess-
berger, '35Ed, Mary E. Smith, '35Ed,
William N. Brown, Spec.BAd., Ward
D. Houtz, '35A, and Miss Newell.
Council To Consider
Plan For Government
Announcement was made last
night by Carl Hilty, '35, president

Greater Credit
Freedom Urged
By Moroenthau
Creation Of Federal Loan
Agencies Proposed T o
Prime Business
WASHINGTON, Dec. 17 -(R) -
New freedom in priming business
with bapk credit, together with the
creation of a nation-wide network of
direct Federal lending agencies, was
urged today upon Secretary Morgen-
thau.
A group of special investigators of
credit conditions, in a report ordered
by the treasury chief himself, also
flayed bankers and bank examiners,
for a wave of "righteousness."
Reconstruction Corporation and{
Federal Reserve Bank policies gov-
erning direct lending to industry like-
wise were criticized in the report,
which made 18 specific recommenda-
tions, some requiring legislation, for
improving national credit conditions
and spurring recovery with billions,
of bank resources.-
Complete removal of Federal
Reserve Banks from the "direct loan!
to industry" field they entered last
June was the high spot in the 127-
page analysis of "the availability of
bank credit."
The study was based upon condi-
tions in Chicago's seventh Federal
reserve district. This district, which
includes Iowa and major parts of
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Wis-
consin, was selected as typical of,
credit conditions throughout the
country.
Continuance of vlecleral loans to
industry until banks loosentheir cred-
it policies was urg~d, but with a
recommendedalternative of central-
izing the Federal loan practice in the
R.F.C. or of creating a new inter-
mediate credit agency.
The credit study was made by Jacob,
Viner, special economic adviser to,
Secretary Morgenthau. He had the
assistance of Charles O. Hardy of
the Brookings Institute and Prof. S.
H. Nerlove of the University of Chi-
cago. Their staff interviewed both
banks and borrowers in 1,850 cash
of loans refused.

Youth Group
Scores New
DealPolicies
Many Resolutions Passed
By Michigan Congress In
Final Session
Fascism, War Are
Also Denounced
Five Different Committees
Draft Proclamations Of
Congress
Opposition to Fascism and war and
to New Deal policies "which have not
improved the status of youth nor in
any way indicated a solution for the
younger generation of today" was
voiced by the Michigan Youth Con-
gress at its concluding session Sun-
day in the Union, when it went on'
record to cooperate with labor and
other organizations to obtain higher
wages, free college education where
necessary, and unemployment in-
surance.
Resolutions prepared Saturday af-
ternoon by five different committees
were passed almost unanimously by
the Congress, which, according to
final figures, had 511 delegates rep-
resenting 232 organizations and 150,-
000 people under the age of 3 in the
state.
The committee on the internation-
al situation passed a resolution stat-
ing that "it must be the principal!
task of the organizations represented
in this Congress, to educate the peo-
ple of this country, and especially the,
youth to understand and oppose Fas-
cism, and to fight any organization
that in any way attempts to suppress
or curtail civil liberties. Above all,
the labor unions and the unemployed
organizations, the most effective ene-
mies of Fascism, must be built and
strengthened."
The congress also named a con-
tinuations committee, with 26 mem-'
bers from different parts of the state
"to carry home with them the message
of the Congress, and to acquaint their
own, and other organizations with
the resolutions passed here in order
that action should grow out of the
congress."
In its resolutions on education, the
Congress criticized the dominance of
fraternities "and other vested inter-
ests" in universities in the United
States. The preamble to the resolu-
tions on education is, in part, "We
believe education to be essential for
(Contnued on Page 6)
Name University Alumnus
President Of Press Club
WASHINGTON, Dec. 17.- Mark
Foote, a graduate of the University
was unanimously re-elected presi-
dent of the National Press Club.
Foote first became president of the
club when Charles C. Murphy, Jr., re-
signed to take a position in New York
that was not in the newspaper field.
It is the first time in 20 years,
that anyoneshas been chosen twice.
for the presidency of the National
Press Club. George Stimpson was
elected vice-president of the organi-
zation.

To

Down To Us
The Union Plan for men's student government, along with
one or two other plans, has at last come down to the men students.
Yesterday's action of the Senate Committee on Student Affairs
will now give the men on the campus a chance to voice their
opinion upon the matter of how and by whom they are going to
be governed.
The situation we have had so far with this Union Plan is
obvious enough and there is no longer need to remain silent
concerning it. The plan was conceived by a Union committee
composed of four students, three of them members of the Union's
organization, and four faculty men. It was not the spontaneous
desire of an aggravated student body. It was a Union plan. It
placed upon the body six vice-presidents of the Union. It made
the Union president presiding officer, with power to appoint all
committees.
This completed, the Union committee decided that it would
send the plan to the University Committee on Student Conduct.
There are no students on this committee. The proponents of the
Union Plan did not want to get student opinion. They deliberately
ignored the Senate Committee on Student Affairs, which has three
men and two women students on it. They deliberately, and to a
very large extent indecently, ignored the present, authorized form
of student government - the Undergraduate Council. Every
possible effort was made to shelter this precious little gem from
the criticism of those whom it was intended to govern. Even at
yesterday's senate committee meeting the Union representatives,
both professorial and student, voted against sending the plan
to the Undergraduate Council. How thoroughly they must hate
to have students discuss this plan!
Now the Union is a splendid institution. In its services to
Michigan men, regardless of who or what they are, it is the para-
mount organization on the campus. That's admitted. But the
minute those individuals who are most interested in Union activ-
ities endeavor to drag that institution into campus politics for the
satisfaction of purely personal ends they are hurting the Union
to a greater degree than they can immediately comprehend. And
when they enter the political arena in such a scared and hiding
manner as they now have, they can do nothing but lower the
respect and admiration which the men on the campus have for
the Union as a servicable institution, but not as a politician's
training ground.

'I

'Undergraduate Council

Determine Fate Of

Self-Government Plans
>-

1essiah' Will Large Number
B e Presented Of Patients On
At8:15Tonioht Hospital Roll

s

Power To Choose Ultimate
Plan Vested In Council
By Senate Committee
To Secure Opinions
Of Campus Groups
Independent Men Will Be
G i v e n Representation
Under Proposal
The plan for a new form of men's
student government, formulated by
the Student Faculty Relations Com-
mittee of the Michigan Union, with
such other plans as have been sub-
mitted, were referred by the Senate
Committee on Student Affairs to
the Undergraduate Council in a meet-
ing held yesterday in the office of the
Dean for consideration by that body.
Instructions accompanying the plan
were to the effect that the Council
was to secure as many opinions as
possible from representative campus
groups in order that a cross section
of campus opinion might be taken
into account in the consideration of
the plans.
The Council was further given the
power to choose from among the plans
submitted or to discard them entirely
and formulate an entirely new form
of men's student government based
upon the opinions of the campus
groups.
To Contact All Colleges
It was suggested that all schools
and colleges be contacted through
their governing organizations and
that fraternity opinion be secured
from the various house presidents
through the Interfraternity Council.
It was further suggested that a zoning
system similar to that employed by
the League to give representation. to
non-affiliated women be adopted to
secure the opinions of independent
men students on the question.
The new plan was submitted by the
Union committee to insure "a friend-
ly cooperation between the University
and the governing student organiza-
tion" in the maintainance of self-
government, which may be secured,
its authors pointed out, "only through
a realization that the faculty and
students are alike interested in build-
ing a better University, and a willing-
ness on both their parts to work ac-
tively together."
Pass On All Matters
The proposed plan gives the Council
original and general jurisdiction over
all men's student activities and stu-
dent conduct and, provides that
recommendations may be made on
scholastic matters. This will replace
the jurisdiction now exercised by
University officials in this field.
Provision is also made for the Coun-
cil to either pass upon or submit peti-
tions of the student body to the Uni-
versity administration with its recom-
mendations. It may also bring the
issues contained in such petitions
before the student body in a campus
election.
The membership of the proposed
council, to include no women, will be
composed of the presidents of the
Interfraternity Council, Michigan
Union, Student Christian Association,
the managing editor of The Daily,
the senior student representative on
'the Board in Control of Physical Edu-
cation, and the Union vice-presidents
from the literary college, engineering
college, Law School, combined schools.
dentistry school and medical college.
Provision is also made so that at least
two independents and two fraternity
men will be members of the body.
The plan had previously been sent,
after adoption by the Student-Fac-
ulty Committee of the Union, to Pres-
ident Ruthven who referred it to the
University Committee on Student
Conduct. It was then sent to the
Senate Committee on Student Affairs
which today referred it to the Council.

Toll Of Victims In Hotel
Fire Nears 33 Mark
LANSING, Dec. 17-(-P)-The story
of the Hotel Kerns disaster was re-
told to a coroner's jury today as pol-
ice raised the possible death list to
33.
It was a story of all night revelry
followed by the horror and panic of
fire, of a delayed fire alarm, and of
insufficient manpower to cope with
the flames.

Wade Describes Plan To Bring
Permanent Prosperity To All

Prof. Earl V. Moore To!
Direct Annual Christmas
IProduction
George Friedrich Handel's Christ-
mas oratorio, the "Messiah," will be~
presented at 8:15 p.m. today in Hill
Auditorium under the auspices of
the University Musical Society. The
program will be given by the Choral
Union, the University Symphony Or-
chestra, Palmer Christian, organist,
and four soloists.
The entire production, which has
become a tradition in Ann Arbor to
be presented near Christmas time, is
under the direction of Prof. Earl V.
Moore, musical director. The soloists
who will be heard include Anna Bur-
mesiter, soprano, and Maurine Parzy-
bok, contralto, both well-known
Chicago artists, Arthur Hackett, ten-
or, and Stanley DePree, bass, of Hol-
land, Mich.
Palmer Christian, organist, will be
supported by the Choral Union, which
is composed of 300 voices, and the
University Symphony Orchestra.
Handel's "Messiah" abounds in pas-
sages for soloists and for the chorus.
The opening overture is taken up by
the organ, and continued by the ten-
or, and the chorus. The program is
continued by the other soloists, or-
chestra, and chorus. The conclusion
and climax is reached when the group
joins in the Hallelujah chorus.
The program is open without charge
to the general public. In order that
the continuity of the work may be
maintained, it is requested that the
audience refrain from applause until
the end of each part of the program.
Leaders Split On
Public Works Plan
WASHINGTON, Dec. 17. - (A') -
With members of his Cabinet divided
over the amount that should be spent,
President Roosevelt worked today at a
multi-billioned long-range program of
public works to be sent to Congress
early in January.

More Than 1100 Listed;
Yesterday; Unable To
Account For Rise
The number of patients at the Uni-
versity Hospital continues to be unus-
ually large, Dr. Albert C. Kerlikow-'
ske, resident physician stated yester-
day. More than 1100 were listed yes-
terday, he reported.
"At this time last year," Dr. Kerli-+
kowske said, "we averaged about 800'
patients. The rise is due to nothing in
particular, as far as we can tell, and
started early last summer when we
had to reopen the South Branch in
order to handle the increase."
Dr. Kerlikowske said that there
were 1198 patients listed Friday, and
that the staff expected that the num-
ber would igradually fall off about
the middle of the month because of
the Christmas holidays.
"Usually we have a drop around
Thanksgiving, too," he remarked, "but
though there was a slight falling off
at that time this year, it was not as
large as usual."
The physician said that all depart-j
ments of the Hospital were experienc-
ing the increase. Convalescent, South
Branch, Contagious, Maternity, and
Simpson Memorial Institute depart-
ments are working at near capacity,
Dr. Kerlikowske state. He added that
there were only 25 empty beds in the
Hospital proper this morning.
"We are very seldom able to ac-
count for these increases," Dr. Ker-
likowske continued, "and we are not
able to account for this one. Various
theories have been advanced at dif-
ferent meetings, but none of them
seem to fully explain it."
Journalism Students
Hear Maurer's Review1
Students of the journalism de-
partment met informally Monday af-
ternoon to hear a review of George
Soule's "The Coming American Revo-
lution." The book was reviewed by
Wesley H. Maurer of the journalism
staff. The review was followed by a
general discussion.

By DONALD T. SMITH
"The permanent prosperity of the
country is hanging upon the Town-
send Revolving Pension plan," de-'
clared A. M. Wade, educator, political
economist, author, poet, lecturer, and
organizer of the Townsend plan in
Michigan, in an interview yesterday.
Advocates of the new idea are or-
ganizing clubs throughout the United!
States, and the State of Michigan.
Already some 25,000,000 persons in the
country have signed petitions asking
Congress to pass the needed legisla-
tion at the coming session, Mr. Wade
said. The object of the meetings and
the organizations is to familiarize the
public with the plan and to facilitate
the securing of signatures in such
numbers as will force Congress to act.
According to Mr. Wade, the main
objective of the plan is to take the
nation out of the present depression
and to avoid future ones. The plan
accepts the theory that the introduc-
tion of machinery has made it pos-
sible for the nation to produce a sur-
plus, not so much a surplus that can-
not be utilized but one that the people
are unable to buy because of a lack

Briefly, the Townsend Revolving
Pension plan, As explained by Mr.
Wade, proposes to cure the above evils
by allowing those over 60 years of
age to retire from gainful occupa-
tions on a pension of $200 a month.
Their jobs and positions will then be
filled by younger people and those
at present unemployed.
Mr. Wade continued, "If a person
on hearing of the plan for the first
time thinks of it in such terms as
'fantastic,' 'chimerical,' or 'imprac-
tical,' he shows himself of normal
mentality. That is the first step in
the process of thinking that leads in
the end to signing the petition. Before
this result is accomplished, however,
he will follow through the successive
steps of reasoning which have their
origin in the question - "Why $200
per month?" Some of these steps
may be listed as follows:
"1. It requires the spending of $200
per month in commodities to create a
job having a minimum wage of $100
per month.
"2. There are 12,000,000 people idle
in the country. These, with their de-

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