Partly cloudy and warm to-
day; tomorrow showers fol-
lowed by colder weather
Design For Stagnation ...
No Fish Today .
VOL. XLV. No. 20 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1934
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Shelby B. Schurtz Gives
Address On Richard As
Founder Of University
High Mass Is Part
Of Wide Celebration
Speech Sh o w s Michigan
As Important Factor In
DETROIT, Oct. 15.- (Special) -
As part of the Gabriel Richard cele-
bration, Shelby B. Schurtz, Grand
Rapids attorney, today gave an ad-.
dress on "Gabriel Richard and the
University of Michigan" in the City
Mr. Schurtz briefly traced educa-
tional progress in this country
through the Ordinance of 1787 to the
laying of the cornerstone of the first
building of the, University at the
corner of Bates and Lamed Streets by
Judge Augustus B. Woodward on Sept.
The University was founded
through the influence of President
Thomas Jefferson, Governor Lewis
Cass, Rev. John Monteith, Presby-
terian clergyman, and first President
of the Uniersity, and Father Gabriel'
Richard, a Catholic priest, and vice-
president of the University from its
founding in 1817 until his death in
"The honor of leadership among
American universities -indeed the
first university, as distinguished from
colleges, founded in the United States
-belongs to Michigan, which from
the 'founding of its University has pro-
vided a full program of education
from the primary school to the Uni-
versity," Mr. Schurtz said.
He continued, "It is to the theories
of life and education of such men
as Thomas Jefferson and Gabriel
Richard we look today, as the people,
of Michigan looked in otherdays, for
about all that is. worth whie i lfle.
Gabriel Richard was born in France,
he came to us as a. result of the Frenh1
Revolution. His life in Detroit is be-
yond this short address, but out of
all the things he did we have oneI
at least which is the most prized pos-
session of the State of Michigan, the
gem of this goddess of the inland
geas, the University of Michigan."
-The University operated in Detroit
from 1817 to 1842. In speaking of its
removal to Ann, Arbor Mr. Schurtz
said, "And Detroit allowed the Uni-
versity of Michigan to be moved to
Ann Arbor in 1841. 'Dynamic Detroit'j
lost Gabriel Richard by death in 1832,
and there was no one left to keep in
Detroit the University he founded and
nurtured, and by the same token
'Dynamic Detroit,' without Gabriel
Richard, lost the capitol of the State!"
"In the War of 1812 Gabriel Rich-
ard showed the type of man he was,"'
Mr. Schurtz said. "When Hull sur-
rendered Detroit, the British required
the citizens of. Detroit, not prisoners'
of war, to take the oath of allegiance
to the King of Great Britain. Some
did so, but not Gabriel Richard! He
answered: 'I have taken one oath to'
support the Constitution of the United
States, and I cannot take another.'
"The great highway that begins
with Michigan Avenue in Detroit and'
ends with Michigan Avenue in Chi-
cago, for some time called the Terri -
(Continued on Page 6)
Death Of War-
PARIS, Oct. 15 -(P)- The body of
Raymond Poincare, who served the
France he loved with passionate pat-
riotism as war-time president, will be
buried Saturday in the little family
cemetery at Nubecourt near Bar-le-
Duc. Poincare, broken by long ill-
ness, died early today at the age of 74.
His labors for his country had taxed
too greatly, he himself said, his
A stroke of paralysis ended the
life of the man described as the last
of France's great war figures and the
savior of its money.
The fatal stroke probably was pre-
cipitated by the assassinations at
Marseilles of King Alexander and
Foreign Minister Louis Barthou, said
Marcel Ridiere, Poincare's old friend
and collaborator and long his right-
hand man in public office.
cStreet Scene' To Open
Play Production Season
Elmer Rice's Pulitzer Prize play,
"Street Scene," will be the opening
work offered by Play Production forl
the coming season. "Street Scene"
will be presented three times, the first
two performances coming on Oct. 26
and 27, in connection with Home-
coming, and a third on Nov. 3, all at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
This play will be an interesting
opening attraction because it will be
an excellent opportunity for all of the
members of Play Production to be
presented, according' to Valentine B.
"'Street Scene,' "he stated, "carries
a huge cast of about 50 characters
and is an exciting description of life
in a crowded tenement district in New
York City. In it there is loads of'
opportunity for displaying pathos,
comedy, tragedy, melodrama, and I
every conceivable sort of situation
that goes for making a successful
The play is rich in vivid character-
izations, Mr. Windt commented, and
portrays all conceivable kinds of life;
in fact, he said, the house is a little
town in one building.
"Street Scene" was worthy of win-
ning a Pulitzer Prize, the director ex-
plained, because of its remarkable
portrayal of American life and be-
cause of its amazing skill in present-
ing this life in vivid and dramatic
Its author, he continued, is an
unusually prolific writer. One of his
plays, "Judgment Day," is now enjoy-
ing a successful run in New York,
and Mr. Rice has been known to have
as many as four plays running at one
"His plays are vital," according to
Mr. Windt, "dealing with important
problems, yet they are exciting and
vivid as drama."
The scenery was described by the
director as one of the most interesting
parts of the production. The set re-
quires an actual three-story building,
with action taking part on each of
three levels representing the stories.
Work on the scenery is now being
done by the stagecraft class, under the
instruction of Oren Parker, Play Pro-
duction art director.
Information concerning the playl
may be received by telephoning or in-
quiring at the Laboratory Theatre.
Tells Communists Tear
Gas Might Be Used To
Tear gas may be used to dispel the
Communists if they persist in holding
their rally on the county courthouse
steps tonight, said Mayor R. A: Camp-
bell' issuing his ultimatum yesterday.
"I feel fully justified in going to
almost any extreme to see that order
is kept in the city that placed the
responsibility upon me," said Mayor
Campbell. "People are beginning to
settle down from the effects of the
depression and agitators that have no
aga,,purpose than to cause trouble
and arouse the people back to their
former state of unrest, have anything
but my sympathy," continued the
mayor standing behind his order that
there should be no public speaking
in the streets or on the courthouse
Last Tuesday night the Communist
party, one hundred strong, made up
for the most part of students, met
in a political rally with Kendall
Wood, Grad., a member of the Na-
tional Student League, as chairman,
and at that time signified their
intention of holding another meeting
They met and they spoke. The po-
lice frowned, then urged, then in-
sisted that the Communists leave.
The meeting was finally disbanded,
but not for long. The Communists re-
turned for their rally, were again
shooed from the courthouse steps, and
again came back to talk. The police,
tired of all this, left them to their
Mayor Campbell emphatically said
that he would not arrest them, be-
cause then they would think that they
But tonight, the Mayor warned,
there will be no second or third meet-
ing. They will first be urged from the
steps, then driven, and if they still
persist tear gas may have to be used.
The mayor also added that there
were several halls which any group
could hire for their speeches at a
nominal sum and a park or two that
they could have for their meeting free.
At first it was a question of whether
city police had a right to patrol the
steps of a county building. Accord-
ing to J. H. Galbraith, a member of
the County Board of Supervisors, and
head of the University plumbing de-
partment, this was settled in a board
meeting when County Prosecutor Al-
Bert J. Rapp announced that some
years ago a 99-year lease on the steps
and rest room below was given over
to the city and at the same time the
police were authorized to guard the
Kendall Wood could not be reached
for information regarding what was
intended to take place at the ap-
Night Registration For
Union Ends This Week
Studens will have their last oppor-
tunity for night registration for Un-
ion membership this week, according
to James Cook, '36, student executive
councilman in charge of registration.
Undergraduate committeemen will
In Her Program
Revision Calls For Two
Arias By Star, Solos By
The program with which Rosa Pon-
selle, gifted soprano, will open the
1934-35 Choral Union concert series
on Oct. 24, has been recently revised
by the star herself. The new program
includes to solos by Miss Ponselle's
accompanist, Stuart Ross.
The firs concert of the year will
begin with Miss Ponselle offering the
aria, "Divinites du Styx," from "A,-
ceste," by Christopher Gluck.
This will be followed by three songs,
presented by the Metropolitan Opera
artist: "Traume," by Wagner;
Brahms' "vergebliches Standchen;"
and "Morgen," by John Strauss. Miss
Ponselle will return to sing Schubert's
"Der Erlkoenig," after .which Mr. Ross
will be heard playing "Themes and
Variations," of Corelli-Tartini-Ross.
The audience will again hear Miss
Ponselle in an operatic selection when:
she presents the aria, "Merce Dilleto
Amiche," from Verdi's opera "I Ves-
pri Sicilian." Mr. Ross will then of-
fer "Malaguena,." by Lecuonax for
his second number.
The program will be concluded with
five songs by Miss Ponselle. These
include Fontenailles' "A L'Aime;"
"Pastoral," by Veracini; "Dedica-
tion," by Robert Schumann; "The
Doll's Cradle Song," of Moussorgsky;
and Frank LaForge's "Song of the
G. M. Perfects
A New Policy
DETROIT, Oct. 15. - (P) -A mas-
ter plan of collective bargaining, one
which offers the benefits of informal
conferences, provides fair treatment
for non-represented groups and con-
templates adjustment of complaints
within its organization has been com-
pleted by the General Motors Corp.
A new industrial relations channel
running from shop foremen up to
divisional general manager is out-
lined in pamphlets which were de-
livered Monday to the corporations's
thousands of employees.
Appeal procedure for employees or
employee representatives is provided
in a section which names the Depart-
ment of Industrial Relations in De-
troit as the high tribunal for such
Although the policies and principles
enunciated in the master plan are di-
rected toward the governing of rela-
tions with factory employees, there is
a great deal of the philosophy under-
lying these policies and principles
which is to be equally applicable to
employees outside of that category.
"The management is convinced
that, given sincere and patient effort
on both sides, there is no reason why
problems arising out of relationships
with employees cannot be satisfac-
torily adjusted within the organiza-
tion," an introduction to the plan de-
That embattled term "collective
bargaining" out of which widespread
strife has developed in various in-
'Consumer's Problem' To
Be Subject Of Speaker's
First In Series Of
Lecturer Is Member Of
Consumer'(s A visovy
Board Under NRA
First of the speakers on the 1934-
1935 series of University lectures will
be William T. Foster, organizer and
a nember of the Consumers' Division
of the National Emergency Council,
who will speak on "The Consumer's
Problem" at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in
the Natural Science Auditorium. The
general public is invited.
Arranged for by members of the
faculties of the School of Business
Administration and the economics
department, the lecture was scheduled
too late to be announced at the time
the series of lectures was announced.
Mr. Foster, whose first work was
in the field of English and education,
turned to economics during the war,
and in 1920 he was instrumental in
establishing the Pollak Foundation for
Economic Research, which he has
since served as director. Under the
National Recovery Administration he
was asked to help form the Con-
sumers' Division, which he now rep-
resents in a tour of the country. Be-'
fore coming to Ann Arbor tomorrow
Mr. Foster plans to speak at a lunch-
eon of the Consumers' Institute in
He is joiit author of many pamph-
lets on economic matters with Weddill
Catchings. He outlined the theory of
the depression several years before
its advent, and early in the depres-
sion urged the use of the government's
credit for a vast employment program
of public works -now a reality in the
PWA and other similar organizations.
According 4to14Pof, Z. clark Dick-.
inson, who is in charge of arrange-
ments, members of the School of
Business Administration and of the
economics department are especially
interested in Mr. Foster's work in the
Consumer's Advisory Board under the
PECS, Hungary, Oct. 15 -(T)- Life
was ebbing away tonight for 1,200
miners, whose determination to com-
mit mass suicide in protest against
low wages has driven them, one who
entered the mine said, "absolutely
Janos Estergalyos, democratic So-
cialist member of the Hungarian
parliament, got by guards whom the
infuriated miners have posted at the
doors and returned to describe what
he said as "the most terrible remem-
brance of my life."
Sees No Hope
Estergalyos, who sought to mediate
with the strikers, said the men "are
determined to either commit suicide
by wrecking the pumps, or to blow
up the mine.
"There is no more hope for them,"
Demanding that their employers
raise coal miners' wages from less
than $2 to $3.50 weekly, the men
earlier today sent up a request for 345
coffins and the laconic message:
"We are determined to die. Forget
about us. Goodbye to the children."
The member of parliament brought
back vivid descriptions of the scenes
of horror below, the result of more
than 100 hours of self-entombment
without food or water.
Some Tied To Posts
The most violent of the hunger-
crazed miners have been tied to posts
to prevent their killing themselves,
he related, adding that "the trade
union no longer has any control over
"Utterly exhausted, they are hud-
dled down there in the heat," he said,
"lying on the dirty, water-soaked
bed of the mine with huge chunks of
coal for pillows. Some are uncon-
scious. Nearly five days without wat-c
er to drink has parched their throats,I
and they could not eat if they had
food. Some of them utter sounds like
Great Ice Age Glacier Proves
Boon To Michigan Geologists
The great glacier of the ice age, modified the terminal moraines, and
crushing down upon Michigan and at each retreat pause, dammed river
Northern United States some 50,000 valleys with the result that huge
years ago, rinngnd paishinmgrcklakes were formed. During this period,
years ago, gringing and polishing rock the Great Lakes were forced to find
surfaces, carrying huge boulders with outlets to the Atlantic by way of the
it, and depositing them hundreds oA Mohawk and Hudson valleys of New
miles from the ledges whence they York.
came, radically changed the topog- The cause of the glacier has been
raphy of the State of Michigan. the subject of much theory, but the
It is the latter fact which has given two most likely hypotheses are, ac-
the geology department of the Uni- cording to 'the geology department:
versity one of the most fertile fields (1) In past ages, so heavy was the
for research in the United States. snowfall that snow lay on the ground
From important discoveries in the all year around, and glaciers began
State of Michigan by the University, with this condition; (2) Variations in
and by other sources, some of the eccentricity of the earth's orbit
results of the glacier have been de- around the sun, and the consequent
termined. accumulations of ice where a lack of
Over nearly all of the North Amer- sunlight existed.
ican continent north of the 40th par- An interesting sidelight cast upon
allel, and vast tracts in Europe, the the subject by prominent geologists
great ice sheet forced its way. The is the fact that because the glacier
soil has been leveled off and dumped changed the normal distribution of
into valleys, the glacier has rounded plant and animal life, the game in
hills and broadened north and south Michigan and its vicinity is abundant
valleys. The retreat of the ice front land varied.
Key To Pittsburgh
PITTSBURGH, Oct. 15 -(A')- A
cheering band of college students,
celebrating Pittburgh's 20-6 victory
over' Southern California, snake-
danced into Mayor William N. Mc-
Nair's office today and shook the
staid chamber with their yells.
They gave a thundering cheer-
"the Allegheneeeez" for the Mayor.
"I have only one request -" Mc-
"There'll be no disorder," a stu-
"I know all about it," the Mayor
continued. "I was at Ann Arbor
when Michigan licked the world in
1900. You won your game and you're
celebrating. When you get licked,
come back like this, will you?"
They gave another big cheer for
the mayor and left. McNair turned
to his desk. The big white key to
the city, which he presents to visit-
ing celebrities, and then takes back
again, was missing.
Stoll Case Still
NRA To Proceed
Significant F i f t h
Passes With No
LOUISVILLE, Oct. 15. - (W) -"We
have no reason to believe that she is
not alive and none to believe that she
is alive," was the Department of Jus-
tice comment on the Alice Speed Stoll
kidnaping mystery today.
The statement came on the fifth
day since she was taken from her
home, a day generally believed to be
a significant one in the case. The De-
partment of Justice investigator in
charge, Harold Nathan, in expressing
this view at a press conference, added,
"We're working at top speed."
The fifth day has often been men-
tioned in connection with the case.
There were two versions of the note
which Stoll found in an upstairs room
last Wednesday night. One was that
if the kidnaper had not received his
$50,000 ransom and gotten safely
away by the fifth day, he would kill
Mrs. Stoll. Another was that on the
fifth day he would communicate with
the family. They have been waiting
impatiently and are understood to be
willing to forward the ransom, orig-
inally sent to Nashville, to any other
place the man might desire.
Two days have passed since Berry
V. Stoll, wealthy oil company execu-
tive, has broadcast an appeal to the
kidnaper. Stoll's friends said he ap-
peared to be morerhopeful today of
his wife's ultimate return.
While leaders of the kidnap hunt
conferred downtown, men were still
combing th' estates for miles around
the sixteen-acre Stoll country place.
Some 70 men went over the ground
prodding into tufts of grass and pok-
ing into windblown leaves.
TO RAISE TARIFF
PARIS, Oct. 15 -(A)- France sus-
pended the import quota system on
machines and machine tools today,
articles in which there is heavy Am-
erican trade, in the first step to sub-
stitute higher tariffs for quotas.
Importers said the Commerce Min-
istry plans to apply the new system
to other products.
| Dr. Curtis To Conduct |
Calls Path He Advocates
To'Get Higher Prices
A 'Middle Course'
INDIANAPOLIS, Oct. 15.- (MP)-
Donald R. Richberg, one of President
Roosevelt's chief spokesmen in the
course of a continued campaign to re-
assure business tonight gave strong
indications that the Administration's
price-raising efforts will proceed with
The path Richberg advocated was
described by him as not "the extreme
right or extreme left," but more of a
middle course. Speaking before the
Indianapolis chamber of commerce,
he hit at critics of the Administration,
contended an unbalanced budget was
justified under the circumstances, and
asked people generally to "have faith"
in the President..,
Prices Not High Enough
His statement about price raising
was considered as of particular sig-
nificance as coming shortly after a re-
cent indication by President Roosevelt
that some prices have not yet risen
"It is undoubtedly true that this
process (of coming wagesrand prices)
may be accelerated' too rapidly," he
said. "Unless there is a careful re-
straint upon both increasing labor
costs and increasing prices, a delicate
balance will be upset. Too high prices
will stifle purchasing power; too high
prices will either stifle production or
so hasten the substitution of machine
power for man power that new eras of
unemployment will be created."
No Novel Theories
The recovery co-ordinator told his
audience that in whatever he said
there was "no threat of sweeping
changes or the application of any
novel theories." As for the Admin-
istration's course, he said: "We are
not going back to 1926 to rehearse
again for the folly of 1929.
"We will not follow other nations
into state control of industry and ac-
cept the loss of self government and
the death of individual freedom.
"Nor will the American people tol-
erate a private monopolistic control
of trade and industry under any name
or in any form.
"We must and we will go forward
along the road upon which we have
set our feet."
Is Noon Today
All manuscripts to be submitted for
consideration in the Michigan Union
Opera contest must be in the hands
of Stanley G. Waltz, general manager
of the Union, at noon today, William
A. Dickert, chairman of the Mimes
committee on books, announced last
Dickert stated that when all the
manuscripts are turned in, they will be
submitted to Prof. Herbert Kenyon,
chairman of the committee on The-
atre Policy and practice. He will se-
lect the best book for the approval
of the committee.
A prize of $25 donated by Mimes
will be awarded to the author of the
manuscript which is selected for pro-
duction as the 26th annual Michigan
The deadline for manuscripts was
originally set for yesterday, but was
Rhode Island Lecturer
Calls Jews The Kernel
Explains How They
Adopted Their Cod
Claims Essence Of Love
Of God Came From Pen
Tracing the history of the'Jewish
people up through the ages from
Moses to the birth of Christ, Dr. Ber-
nard Iddings Bell, Providence, R.I.,
canon, delivered the second Bald-
win lecture for 1934 yesterday in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
"Thehkernel ofChristianity came
from the Jews," Dr. Bell stated, and
"to look on it apart from Judaism
is almost certainly to misunderstand
Depicting how, in 1,500 B.C. Moses
led the Jews, "then a semi-nomadic
tribe," out of captivity in Egypt, Dr.
Bell explained the manner in which
they adopted Jehova, "better termed
'Yahweh'," as their god.
Yahweh Not Ordinary God
"Yahweh was no ordinary tribal
god,",Canon Bell averred. "He was a
spirit, a mystery, a moral mystery. His
name may be translated 'I cause to
be.'" He also pointed out how the
religion of these early people was
hardly separated from their law.
Following the Babylonian captivity,
Dr. Bell pointed out how the Jews had
to reconcile the failure of their na-
tion with the everlasting protection of
their god, and said that in the course
of their history, they "came to know
pain and hardships as no other
Speaking of the Jewish prophets,
he said that after the."long period
of corruption and moral disintegra-
tion under Solomon," Amos declared
the need of "not a new deal, but of a
return to God."
He divided the famous scriptural
prophets into two groups: Amos, Isa-
iah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel - the pro-
phets of justice; and Hosea and the
second Isiah - the prophets of love.
Captivity Great Blessing
The Rhode Island canon called the
two periods of captivity of the Jewish
people, "their two greatest blessings
-dwelling in a cultured land. When'
the Jews finally returned, they
brought with them the ideal of a Uni-
versal God, the ideal that the God
of the Jews was th God of all."
"But it is from an unknown prophet,
one who wrote thousands of years
ago and who we will never know, that
we get the essence of the love of God,"
the Baldwin lecturer declared.
He was referring to a part of the
Book of Isaiah which is not written
by that prophet, the part that really
prophesied the Crucifixion and stated
"that the Messiah Prince must prove
his kingship by bearing guiltless, the
sin of his people."
Treating the Jewish religion im-
mediately prior to the advent of
Christianity, Dr. Bell told how it was
silent on the question of the resurrec-
tion, looked on morals as "not break-
ing laws," and believed in blood, "the
representative of life," as a sacrifice.
And out of all these Jewish con-
cepts, "especially that of the blood
sacrifice and the fulfillment of the
prophetic insight into God," he con-
cluded, "came the religion which cen-
ters around the Nazarene, the re-
ligion of the western world in the last
nineteen hundred years, the religion
of the newer Judaism, the greater
Judaism, the completed Judaism, the
religion known as Christianity."
A crowd of more than 1,000 students
and townspeople rallied Sunday af-
ternoon at the Michigan Central
railroad station to greet a defeated
Wolverine football squad upon their
return from Chicago..
As the members of the squad and
coaches appeared on the station plat-
form, the large crowd of supporters
greeted them with hearty applause.
The Varsity band, which did not
make the trip to Chicago, was pres-
ent to lead a parade up State Street,
which was followed by students and