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February 22, 1934 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1934-02-22

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W.

Weather

Partly cloudy Thursday and
Friday: much colder.

Ll r e

.90A61

IN,

Editorials
Stanford's Wilbur And Pa-
ternalism; The People Will De-
cide.

I.PL. XLIV No. liii ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY ~, 1934

i

1!/1T

IOL. XLIV No. 101

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1934

PPJCE FIVE CENTS

.. .._ .__ ._ - __ i

PRICE FIVE CENTS

.7,

Dollfuss Move
Criticized By
F. Onderdonk

1934's Political Turmoil: No

5:

A Sociologist Looks At Germany

Says That Action Against
Social Democrats Will
Bring Anschluss
Slosson Describes
European Problem
Fascists Calle d Clannish
And Selfish In Aims; 70
Sign Protest To Dollfuss
By ARTHUR M. TAUB
Bitterly assailing the Dollfuss gov-
ernment for its recent attack on Aus-
trian Socialists, Dr. Francis S. On-
derdonk asserted before an audience
of 300 in Natural Science Auditorium
yesterday that the great tragedy of
the situation in Austria was that the
Socialists, with 40 per cent of the
population behind them, resorted to
armed force instead of resisting the
government by means of a general
strike and boycott.
Dr. Onderdonk was introduced by
Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the his-
tory department, who presented the
issues of the Austrian question. Call-
ing Dollfuss' action a blunder worse
than a crime, Prof. Slosson asserted
its repercussions would so weaken the
coalition government, now at Aus-
tria's helm, that the Heimwehr will
probably be in a position to take'
control. The Heimwehr, now loyal
to Dollfuss, he continued, but per-
meated with Nazi supporters, will as-
sume dictatorial powers, and it would
only be a matter of time before they
would force a union with Germany.
An Anschluss between these two
countries, the history professor point-
ed out, violating the treaties of Ver-
sailles and St. Germaine, geograph-
ically surrounding Czechoslovakia on
three sides, and depriving Italy of
frontier protection, would arouse Eu-
rope and probably cause declarations
of war, he said. France, the avowed
protector of the Versailles Treaty and
the Little Entente would be the first
(Continued on Page 6)
Comedy Club'
Calls For New
Tryouts Tod

EDITOR'S NOTE: This article, writ-
ten especially for The Daily by Pro-
fessor wood, will be followed with
others by faculty authorities. They, too,
will deal with interesting European,
Euro-Asiatic, and Euro-American prob-
lems.
By ARTHUR E. WOOD
(Of the Sociology Departmnt)
The Michigan Daily has asked me
to write something concerning what
I s~w in Germany over a year ago.
Such observationswould now sound
rather stale in the light of the swift
changes that have occurred. However,
all that has happened, and much of
what I witnessed, is evidence bearing
upon the two-fold nature of the
struggle that is taking place in Ger-
many and other countries. The one
aspect is that of Machiavellian inter-
national politics in the struggle for
dominance and for the realization of
nationalistic aims; the other side of
the story, and one that may be re-1
garded as more important, is the
class struggle within the various na-
tions. Those two fundamental con-
tests are also complicated by religious
strife. It is all a vast game; and if

one may make analogy to chess, one
might say that the opening moves
have long since been made, and that
we are now witnessing the bitter tac-
tics of the middle game. The conclu-
sion is still far distant, unlesssome
convulsing element is introduced,
which can accelerate the process.
To me over a year ago in Germany,
though politics was not my chief in-
terest, it seemed that something
would have to break. There was, dire
apprehension on every side. In the
juvenile courts I saw Nazi and Com-
munist youths .brought in for street
fighting with deadly weapons in their
possession. It is my belief that when
the Nazis got control fearful atroci-
ties were vent upon the hapless Com-
munists and Jews; and for this opin-
ion I have not had to }read the
"Brown Book of the Hitler Terror."
Other portents of what was to come
were the vacated "patrician" houses,
to be seen in the better sections of
all German cities. These meant the
capitulation of the middle classes,
(Continued on Page 6)

Cheating Seen As
Panacea For The
Ills Of Education
The question of adopting the hon-
or system for final examinations in
the literary college, the subject of
the debate between upperclassmen
and lowerclassmen of Alpha Nu,
campus debating society, was won
last night by the latter, who de-
fended the negative side.
The affirmative team based their
case on the contention that the hon-
or system would increase cheating
and thereby, by a queer auirk of
professorial psychology, would dis-
courage teachers from emphasizing
examinations as much as they do
under the present system. Stress up-
on the final examination is an evil,
the affirmative contended.
The negative team successfully met
this contention by pointing out that
professors would then resort to oral
examinations rather than consider-
ing such an evil as cheating, no mat-
ter what the ultimate results might
be.
The winning side of the debate
included Lewis Berry, '36, and Frank
Aldrich, '37. William Groening, '34,
and Edward Downs, '35, made up the
affirmative team.

Rice's Comedy
To Open Today
For Run Here
Virginia Chapman, Frank
Funk To Be Starred In
'See Naples And Die'
"See Naples and Die," the Elmer
Rice comedy given by Play Produc-
tion, opens at 8:30 p. m. today in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, with ad-
ditional performances Friday and
Saturday nights.
Virginia Chapman, '35, will have
the leading feminine role, originally
played by Claudette Colbert in the
New York production, of the modern
American sophisticate married to a
Russian prince. Frank Funk, '35,
will play opposite Miss Chapman as
her Amercian lover.
James V. Doll, appearing as the
Russian prince, is also directing the
play, which is set on the terrac& of
a Naples hotel where a very cosmo-
politan group gathers. This pecu-
liar assortment of characters in-
cludes American travelers, multi-
millionaire heiresses, the fortune-
seeking Russian prince, Swedes, Ger-
mans, and native Italian coachmen,
innkeepers, servants, and Fascist
Blackshirts.
Members of the cast appearing in
these roles include Francis Man-
chester, '34, Hattie Bell Ross, Grad.,
Louise Pliss, '34, Virginia Frink, '35,
Harriet Kesselman, '35, William Hal-
stead, Grad., Emmett Leib, '34, Tru-
man Smith, '35, and David Zimmer-
man, '35.
A sinister atmosphere is supplied
by Carl Selson, '34E, and Charles
Harrell, '34, in the unique parts of
the two chess players who, concen-
trating at their game, remain abso-
lutely silent throughout the play,
much to the annoyance and even
suspense of the remainder of the
group gathered on the terrace.
"See Naples and Die" is a satire on
the conventionalities of life in gen-
eral and those of traveling in par-
ticular. Play Production's treatment
of the whole production emphasizes
the farcical and melodramatic ele-
ments of the play, in which the ab-
surdity of the situations leads to ex-
travagant amusement of the musical
comedy type.
The Lydia Mendelssohn box office
will be open all day,, with tickets
available at 35, 50, and 75 cents.
LIBRARY OPEN TODAY
The General Library will be open
today according to its usual week-day
schedule. There will also be a regular
issue pf The Daily Friday morning.

Total Student
Loams earn
High Fiure
2,183 Students R ece iv e
$271,285.43, Report Of
President Shows
Past Due Loans Are
8.1% Of Total Fund
Coal Consumption Saving
Reported; Attributed To
Improvements In Plant
Student loans totaling $271,285.43,
distributed among 2,183 students,
have been made by the University,
according to figures submitted by
Vice-President Shirley W. Smith and
included in the annual report of
President Alexander G. Ruthven for
1932-33.
Of this number, 52.3 per cent have
not matured - not even a first in-
stallment where they are payable in
this manner, and 4.6 per cent of
the notes have installments falling
due currently and are being paid as
agreed. Of the remaining 43.1 per
cent which are 'now payable in part
or in full, 28.2 per cent are delin-
quent in some payments and 14.9
per cent are past due in total.
This places the number that are
entirely past due at 196, or 8.1 per
cent of the total amount that is owed
the University.
It is also stated in the report that
the University is now carrying $9,-
643,600 worth of fire insurance. Of
this the largest unit is the general
form insurance, which totals $6,-
788,700.
Coal consumption for the year
1932-33 is figured at 38,844 tons, as
compared to the high total for the
last 10 years, 45,158 tons, in 1929-30.
It is estimated that, through the in-
terchange of electric power with the
Detroit Edison Company, the Uni-
versity has saved $17,112.04.
Improvements in the power plant
are credited with accomplishing the
saving in the number of tons of coal
used animuallyg last yea-r's total being
6,314 tons below the high of 1929.
The decrease was accomplished in
face of the fact that an increasing
cubage has been heated each year -
65,849,200 cubic feet in 1932-33.
Seven fires were reported, three of
them having been caused by lighted
cigarettes and the other four by
chemicals in the Chemistry Building
or by electrical troubles.
Shorter Work
Week Receives
Consideration
WASHINtGTON, Feb. 21.-(,)~-
New signals fluttered an indication
today that serious consideration is
being given by the administration to
a further shortening of the nation's
working hours.
A day that saw the Roosevelt ad-
ministration program edging forward
along half a dozen sectors brought
from Hugh S. Johnson, the NRA
chieftain, the following observation:
"I think something has got to be
done very promptly to shorten hours
and raise wages."
He made the statement to a House
committee which has before it a bill
to make mandatory a 30-hour work
week. However, both Johnson and
Gerard Swope, chairman of the board

of the General Electric Co., opposed
the bill, arguing that the week should
be more flexible, adapted to indus-
tries, patterned after NRA codes.
The expression by Johnson took on
added significance when laid along-
side the call that has been made for
code authorities to assemble here in
March for code overhauling. Bearing
some indications of sitting into an
hour-shortening plan that would ab-
sorb more labor into industry is the
demobilization of the Civil Works
Administration and the rapid formu-
lation of arrangements to help small
business finance the expense of liv-
ing up to NRA requirements.
Pledges Should Have
Dean Approve Grades
No fraternity pledges may be
initiated until their recordshave
been approved by the office of
the dean of students, houses were
warned yesterday. Lists are be-
ing accepted by the office at pres-
£nt an e n. ha rp h A n -ft+r n_

Buyers Group
8p
Incorporated;
ReadyToAct
Articles Are Received By
Fraternity Association,
Gail Announces
By-Laws Adopted By
Board Of Directors
Houses Wishing To Join
May Obtain Applications
From Bailey At Offices
Articles of incorporation have been
received from the State for the Fra-
ternity Buyers Association and the
organization is ready to start operat-
ing, according to Maxwell T. Gail,'34,
secretary-treasurer of the Interfra-
ternity Council, which is sponsoring
the organization.
The board of directors of the new
organization, at a meeting Tuesday,
adopted the by-laws which a commit-
tee had been drawing up, and with
the establishment of the offices of
the new organization in the Interfra-
ternity Council office in the Union,
the decks are cleared for action.
Applications which fraternities,
sororities, and other similar institu-
tions in Ann Arbor may fill out to be-
come participating members of the
association may be procured from
Joseph R. Bailey, Jr. '35, who has
been appointed temporary secretary.
By-Laws Available
Copies of the by-laws have been
prepared for circulation and may also
be had by applying to Bailey, either
at the Sigma Chi house or at the of-
fices of the association in the Union.
Gail said that he believed that 12
houses would be willing to join the
association immediately and that a
drive for additional members is to be
made by tryouts for the Interfrater-
nity Council.
The directors are planning a meet-
ing Sunday at which time they intenCt
to hire a buyer for the organization
The by-laws call for a buyer whose
compensation shall be fixed by . thei
board and who shall be bonded and
held accountable to them. Applicants
have been asked to see Bailey to ar-
range an interview.
Members Make Pledge
The participating members, when
they join, pledge themselves to buy
all the goods and services which thE
association is furnishing exclusively
through these channels. This provi-
sion, it has been explained, has been
inserted in the by-laws in order to
assure the buyer of a solid market
for which he can buy.
Each house, as it joins, must pay
into the association $25, which shall
be used for starting and organizing
purposes. An additional $75, which
will be due as soon as the association
starts operating, will be set aside to
guarantee the account of that par-
ticular house, but which will not be
used, officials insist, for paying ac-
counts of members other than the
house which pays in the original de-
posit.
As profit accrues, it will be set
aside into a fund for each house to
guarantee the accounts of the house
until a fund is built up to the size
when it, in the opinion of the trus-
tees, will satisfy any monthly bill o
the particular house. Any additional
profits will be divided among the
participating members.

Dawes Breaks Silence,
Calls Depression Ended
CHICAGO, Feb. 21.- (IP) - Charles
Gates Dawes broke a two-year silence
about business conditions today to
declare that the depression has ended.
Prosperity began returning last Oc-
tober, he said. For the future, he pre-
dicted "continued better conditions in
business and industry."

Students Sign Hastily
-Now Doomed To Die
AKRON, Feb. 21.- (P) -The editor
of the Buchtelite, student publication
at Akron University, wanted to know
how many of their brethren and
members of the faculty would sign
a "petition" without reading it.
T hey found out -150 students and
3 professors affixed their names to
a document agreeing to commit mass
suicide by decapitation Feb. 27.
'Students Get
Energency Aid
Others Who Applied Will
Receive Work In Near
Future; Jobs For All
One hundred students were as-
signed yesterday to the special work
that has been created with the aid
of the Federal Emergency Relief Ad-
ministration for college students, it
was announced by Prof. Lewis M.
Gram, director of plant research, who
is in charge of the allotting of proj-
ects that are being undertaken.
This number is approximately one-
fourth of the total number that have
applied for work at the office of De
Joseph A. Bursley. The work to which
they have been assigned is largely
clerical or in connection with various
research projects that are being car-
ried on at present.
Professor Gram said last night that
there have been a large number of
requisitions received to date from
departments and members of the fac-
ulty who have work that may be.
done by these students, and he as-
sured others who gave applications
that there will be work for all.
Today's assignments are expected
to reach 100, bringing the total at
work to half of those applying. Al-
lotting of the projects will continue
at the same rate until all those who
have signified their need for assist-
ance are placed,
Although sufficient funds have been
granted the University to provide
work for more than 700 students, only
400 have .signed applications in Dean
Bursley's office so far. It is thought
that the provision specifying that,
without this assistance, a studentI
would be forced to leave the Univer-7
sity, has lessened the number who1
might otherwise have attempted to
qualify for the work.
Large Audience
Hears Detroit;
SympYhony ere
Orchestra, Directed By
Gabrilowitsch, O f f e r s,
Three Wagner Numbers
The Detroit Symphony Orchestra,
directed by Ossip Gabrilowitsch, ap-
peared in the ninth Choral Union
series concert last night at Hill Au-
ditorium before a large audience of
faculty, students, and townspeople.
Mr. Gabrilowitsch chose to open
the program with the "Choral and
Fugue" by Zemachson which was
followed by Rachmaninoff's Second
Symphony in E minor, Opus 27.
Following the intermission the
program was composed of three Wag-
ner numbers. The orchestra first3
played the "Prelude and Love Death"
from "Tristan and Isolde," then the
f"Ride of the Valkyrie" frome "Die 3

Walkure," concluding with the over-
ture to "Tannhauser."
After the audience had called back
Mr. Gabrilowitsch numerous times,
he presented Tschaikowsky's "Marche
Slave" which was heartily received.
The tenth and final concert of the
Choral Union series will be given by
Gregor Piatigorsky, world-famous vi-'
olin-celloist, on Mar. 6 in Hill Audi-
trum.

Drive

To

'Oust Beer
Ban Ends
1,600 Signatures Secured
For Petition To Repeal
Charter Amendment
First Document Of
Kind In Ann Arbor
Repeal Committee Not To
Disband; Will Continue
Campaign To April 2
The final drive to oust the provi-
sion in the city charter banning beer
and light wines from the campus by
means of an initiative repeal peti-
tion came to an end early yesterday
afternoon after approximately 1,600
names had been secured by the staff
of canvassers who have been covering
the city during the past five days.
The petitions were placed in the
office of Fred Perry, city clerk, at
3:30 p. m. yesterday by members of
the Citizen's Charter Repeal Com-
mittee.
This marks the first time in the
historytof Ann Arbor that an initia-
tive petition has been filed, according
to City Clerk Perry. Previously such
moves have been made through the
Common Council. Perry announced
that he would refer to William C.
Laird, city attorney, to ascertain the
proper legal procedure. He will have
to certify them to the council at its
meeting a week from Monday if the
petitions are valid.
The repeal committee will not dis-
band, Norman F. Kraft, chairman
and director of the petition drive,
said last night, but will conduct a
campaign for a favorable vote before
the election April 2. If the proposed
amendment is placed on the April
ballot, it will have to be passed by a
three-fifths majority.
Members of the committee spon-
soriiig thPeeiti-'i dFi ijaded in
addition to Kraft, Prof. Robert C. An-
gell of the sociology department,
Benjamin Wheeler of the history de-
partment, Prof. Arthur Van Duren of
the German department, Lieut. Rich-
ard R. Coursey of the department of
military science and tactics, Dr. D. E.
Standish, local dentist, Mr. Harold M.
Dorr of the political science depart-
ment, C. H. Beukema, newspaper
correspondent, Gilbert E. Bursley,
president of the Undergraduate
Council, Thomas K. Connellan, wan-
aging editor of The Daily, Robert
O'Brien, William G. Ferris, Guy M.
Whipple, Jr., and Del Pfrommer,
president of the University Repub-
lican Club.
Work On New
Jail Begun By
CWA Workers
The work of razing the old Wash-
tenaw County Jail was started early
yesterday by CWA workmen, in pre-
paration for the erection of a new
structure under terms of an agree-
ment authorized Tuesday by State
CWA officials.
Sheriff Jacob Andres yesterday
moved his offices to their temporary
quarters at 213 Fourth Ave., in the
Wurster Block, where ample dormi-
tory accommodations were being pre-
pared for the occupancy of 33 pris-

oners, who will be moved late to-
day. It was planned to board eight
Circuit Court prisoners in Milan, in
view of the absence of cells in the
temporary structure, but the Federal
government refused permission be-
cause the Milan institution was over-
crowded. The women prisoners will
be provided for in quarters at the
new home of Sheriff Andres, at 118
Catherine St.
The Federal government, in ac-
cordance with the agreement, will
sponsor the labor for the project, and
will finance 25 per cent of the cost
of the materials. The remaining
share, to be payed by Washtenaw
County, will cost about $8,000.
It is planned to have the new jail-
house ready for occupancy on May
1, but because of inclement weather,
it was doubtful whether the sched-
ule might be completed. It was ru-
mored here that, should the CWA
fail to complete the structure at that
time, the work will be continued by
fl ® MXT n

Second Semester F r o s h
Eligible; Larger Group
Of Plays Planned
Last tryouts of the school year
for Comedy Club will be held at 4
p. m. today in the Laboratory Thea-
tre, it was announced yesterday.
Those who succeed in passing this
trial, along with those that passed
the trial Wednesday, will be called
for the final tomorrow afternoon.
Membership in the club is open
to all students except first semester
freshmen, and offers the underclass-
men of the campus a chance to en-
gage in dramatic activity indepen-
dent of their curricular activities.
Due to the fact that the club is
planning on a larger group of pro-
ductions this spring it is hoped that
there will be many interested in gain-
ing membership. The present group
will lose many members this year
through graduation, and officers of
the club hope that a new nucleus can
be built up this spring.
Comedy Club intends to become
more of an experimental theatre this
year, it was said, and if present plans
are completed, several performances
will be added to its spring showing.
The tryouts today will be the last
opportunity to become allied with
the organization.
Candidates are requested to learn
a two or three-minute selection, tak-
en preferably from a modern play.
Poetry and Shakespeare are not rec-
ommended, nor are two people al-
lowed to read together in dialogue.
Various Forms
Of Taxation Are
LansingTopic
LANSING, Feb. 21.- (P)-Taxa-
tion in its many ramifications capped
the list of matters brought nn for

Lansing Order
Closes Liquor
Store For 'Day
Due to the lack of special- stamps7
to show that bottles were taxpaid,
the state liquor store at 113 Eastt
Ann St. was unable to open yester-
day afternoon.
The stamps which were made
necessary by a new Federal regula-
tion which went into effect yesterday,
failed to arrive from Lansing yester-t
day and store officials here wereE
notified not to open the store untilt
the arrival of the stamps. The neces-
sary stamps arrived late last night,t
however, and the liquor store staffz
worked at top speed to have all the
bottles labeled before morning.t
Charles H. Dawson, manager of theC
store said that the store would be
opened as usual this morning.N
It was stated that the governmentz
was late in issuing the stamps, and
that the Commission was late in re-
ceiving them, hence the delay here.
The new stamps must be placed ont
every bottle to show that the taxs
has been paid.

Will Exhibit New Streamlined
Passenger Train Here Today

Aryan Film To Present Cross
Section of Present Day Russia
e'

Union Pacific System's new high-
speed aluminum alloy train which'
received its streamlining from tests'
in the University wind tunnel here
will come to Ann Arbor this morning
to be on display between 8:15 and
10 a. m. at the Michigan Central sta-
tion.
Belief that development of a radi-
cally different type of passenger
equipment was necessary to save and
restore passenger business to the
rails brought officials of the western
railroad system to begin work early
last year on a light, high speed train

tours of the front and rear ends were
made as the tests went on with the'
object of attaining the design that
would develop the least resistance to
air.
Tests of the train since it was
completed have provedthe power
economy resulting from the radical
streamlining. The new unit will be
able to carry 116 passengers, its crew,
and 25,000 pounds of mail and bag-
gage at a speed of 90 miles an hour
with an expenditure of only 500
horsepower. The conventional steam

Russian life under the Czars and
under the Soviet regime will be con-
trasted in the motion picture lec-
ture, "Russia As It Is," to be given
by Julien Bryan tomorrow night in
Hill Auditorium under the auspices
of the Hindustan Club.
The program will open with a one-
reel prologue of motion pictures tak-
en 25 years ago in Russia, secured
by Bryan this past summer from the
archives of the Soviet government.

are claimed to present a remarkable
cross-section of modern Russian life,
including scenes of the collective
farms, the m e d i c a 1centers, the
mother and child clinics, women at
workwith tractors, the Russian bal-
let at Baku, and stone houses with
war towers in the remote province of
Svanetia, where life has not changed
for a thousand years.
The finale of the program is the
arrival in Moscow of Clonelna nd

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