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May 05, 1934 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1934-05-05

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The Weather
Possibly local showers and
cooler today; tomorrow cloudy
and cooler.

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Vulcans Disturb The Peace. .
Another Kind Of Cramming. .

I,

VOL. XLIV No. 155 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 5, 1934

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Says U. S.
Should Be
In League
Nash, Toledo President,
Speaks In Symposium
Against Warfare
Two Sessions Yet
Of Anti-War Group
Eby, Cole, Cama, Rohn,
Cannon Are Others On
Peace Program
By JOHN FLAHERTY
"The real vay to find peace is by
bringing pressure to bear upon Con-
gress and forcing it to make the
United States a member of the League
of Nations and the World Court,"
Philip Nash, president of University
of Toledo, said last night in opening
the Anti-War Conference symposi-
um in Natural Science Auditorium.
Other speakers expressed widely di-
verging views on ways to bring peace
to the world in the symposium en-
titled "Why War?" The various
speakers were introduced by Mrs.
Alfred Lee Klaer, who was chairman
of the meeting.
Mr. Nash described two different
philosophies, both of which ostensibly
have the aim of preventing war. The
first is the philosophy of the militar-
ist, who wishes to build an army and
navy so large that no nation will dare
attack the United States and this
country will not attack them. The
other philosophy, which, according to
President Nash is a true one, is that
which urges disarmament and find-
ing substitutes for war as a means
of settling disputes between nations.
President Nash said that all stu-
dents should sign petitions demand-
ing United States' membership in the
League.
Describes U. S.-Japan Problem
The next speaker was Kermit Eby,
instructor in the Ann Arbor High
School, who spoke on "A Program for
Peace in the Far East." Mr. Eby
said the most important factor of
bringing peace to the Far East was
the understanding of the oriental by
Americans.
He described the conflicting policies
of the United States and Japan in
the Far East, and said that Japan
wishes to consider herself the sole
protector of China, while the United
States is still pushing its "open-door"
policy.
Mr. Eby feels that either the United
States must recognize the priority of
Japan in the East or protect the
American position with force. He
said that the wiser course would be
for this country to recognize the
claims of Japan, and reconsider its
position, pointing out that the United
States had only $250,000,000 invested
in the East and this was in the hands
of a few.
Condemns Sentimental Pacifism
Mr. Eby condemned the American
attitude of superiority toward the
Japanese, and made a plea for repeal
of the exclusion act, saying that the
Japanese were just as far on the road
of civilization as the United States
and in many respects were superior.
Prof. L. E. Cole of Oberlin College
threw a bombshell into the sympo-
sium by striking a militant note in
his condemnation of the sentimental

and futile efforts of most pacifists. He
described members of the Daughters
of the American Revolution as de-
scendants of ancestors who fought
oppression, but who have lost most of
the qualities of their ancestors except
the war-like attitude.
Professor Cole said that the League
of Nations and the World Court were
inadequate as mediums of promoting
peace as were most of the pacifistic
organizations.
He said the true hater of war must
choose between either the socialistic
pacifism, which has a bad record, or
become a communist, which is mili-
tant, and renounce his pacifism.
Criticizes CCC, R.O.T.C.
Carl Cannon. '34, a member of the
National Student League, spoke on
"Student Action Regarding War." He
described the activities of the National
Student League against war and was
vehement in his condemnation of the
CCC camps and the R.O.T.C. He para-
phrased the initials CCC to read Can-
non-fodder Conveniently Conscripted.
The conference will have two ses-
sions today, one at 9:30 a.m. and the
other at 3 p.m. In the morning session

U. S. Chamber Of Commerce
Criticizes Details Of New Deal

WASHINGTON, May 4. - (A) -
Resolutions which criticized details
of the Roosevelt program but re-
frained from any assault upon it as
a whole were adopted today by the
Chamber of Commerce of the United
States at its final session.
The Chamber demanded revision
of the Securities Act and tempering
of proposed stock market regulation,
but "be careful" admonitions summed
up its reference to NRA and the Farm
Administration.
Secretary Henry A. Wallace, one of
the final speakers, said that the cot-
ton program was an instance of Farm
Administration success. He said fur-
ther restrictions on agriculture might
be necessary but criticized indirectly
limitation on industrial output.
The Chamber-members had before
them the admonition by President
Franklin hD.Roosevelt that it was
time to "stop crying 'wolf'" and "to
co-operate in working for recovery
and for the continued elimination of
evil conditions of the past."
Members said, however, that the
Chief Executive's communication had
no effect on the resolutions adopted
and that a moderate, middle-of-the-
road policy had been in the minds of
the majority from the first.
The request for the modification
of the Securities Act was perhaps the
most strongly worded but removal of
"restrictions" in banking laws waE
urged; traditional opposition to Gov-

Program For
Homecoming
Is DraWn Up
To u r s, Sports, Banquet
Are Offered Visitors On
Week-End
Classes Are To Be
Opened To Public
Baseball With Ohio State
And Tennis With Oberlin
Are On Schedule

With Spring Homecoming sched-
uled for next week end, May 11, 12,
and 13, plans dealing with all phases
._ of the event are being rushed to com-
pletion in anticipation of one of the
SEC. HENRY A. WALLACE largest crowds of visitors in recent
years.
,rnment interference with private Edward W. McCormick, '34, gen-
'usiness reaffirmed; proposed unem- eral chairman of the Homecoming
Committee, said yesterday that every
ployment insurance legislation was effort is being made to makeethis
assailed; Federal emergency expendi- a reception and celebration that will
tures questioned; amendments to the not soon be forgotten. To this end
pending revenue bill were urged; a the committee is attempting to in-
lhange in the wheat processing tax elude in its program enough variety
Proposed and continuance of the tem- to provide parents and other visitors

dorary plan for insuring bank de-
posits recommended.

1

Churches Here
Are To Present'
LaySpeakers
Educators Scheduled To
Fill Pulpits Of Five Ann
Arbor Churches Sunday
Prominent laymen from various
parts of the United States will speak
tomorrow in five of Ann Arbor's
churches on the Laymen's Foreign
Mission Field Day.
The speakers, all educators of note,
are Dr. William E. Hocking of Har-
vard University in the First Metho-
dist Church; Dr. Charles P. Emerson,
dean of the Indianapolis School of
Medicine, in the Congregational
Church; Dr. Frederic Woodward,
vice president of the University of
Chicago, in St. Andrew's Episcopal
Church; Dr. Orville A. Petty of Yale
University in the Church of Christ,
Disciples; and Mrs. William H. Hock-
ing, a specialist in education, in the
Baptist Church.
With the exception of the one in
the Congregational Church, all these
lectures begin at 10:45 a. m. The
Congregationalists meet at 11:00 a.
m.
These lectureres are members of
the appraisal commission of the Lay-
men's Foreign Missions Inquiry, and
have spent some time in the Orient
investigating conditions.
The Field Day will be concluded
with a symposium on the report of
the inquiry in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre at 8 p. m. Dr. Hocking,
Henry Martin Loud Foundation
Lecturer, will lead a discussion on
"Re-Thinking Missions." Regent
Junius E. Beal will preside.
RHO CHI HOLDS INITIATION
Three seniors and one graduate stu-
dent of the Pharmacy School were
initiated into the Rho Chi, Pharmacy
honorary society last night at a ban-
quet held at the Union. Rolland Feld-
lamp, '34P, George Reith, '34P, Flor-
ence Hartsuff, '34P, and John Monroe,
Grad., were those initiated. Dr. U. G.
Rickert of the Dental School gave the
main address.

.JohnsonWarns
Against Critics
Of New Deal
Says Proponents Of Old
System Try To Divide
SupportersOf NRA
COLUMBUS, 0., May 4. - (Y') -
A declaration that enemies of NRA
might succeed in scuttling the whole
recovery program if its supporters
allowed themselves to split into quar-
reling groups, was made here tonight
by Gen. Hugh S. Johnson.
Speaking before a mass meeting in
the Ohio State Stadium, and over a
National Broadcasting Co. radio net-
work, General Johnson defended the
NRA against the whole line of critics,
taking up one by one; farmer oppo-
sition, charges of "little fellow" op-
pression, and monopoly and big busi-
ness domination of codes, replying to
each with arguments sprinkled with
such phrases as "arrant buncombe"
and "supreme moonshine."
"They are wealthy, powerful, and
they do not scatter their shots," said
Johnson of the "enemies."
"They all want just one thing, and
they know exactly what they want-
to scuttle the whole recovery pro-
gram, make the Blue Eagle walk the
plank, hoist the Jolly Roger on the
ship of state, and sail back to the
good old piracy that brought the
crash of 1929 and all that has hap-
pened since.
"With the numerical odds so hope-
lessly against them-with the wreck-
age created by their leadership still
smoking, there is a temptation to ig-
nore them. But there is one way in
which they might succeed - the old
Napoleonic strategy of 'divide and
conquer' - split the friends of re-
covery into small quarreling groups
and then absorb each one in detail.
"They have begun already with
the almost ridiculous slogan: 'The
whole recovery program is actually
retarding recovery; take off the
brakes, etc.' Well, what does 'take
off the brakes' mean? It means 'back
to 1928.' It means 'let us alone.'

I

with a real idea of the University as
it is when normally in session.
All week-end visitors will be asked
to register at either the League, the
Union, or University Museum.
Classes will be opened Friday to
such Homecoming guests as care to
attend, and in addition the round of
tours to important campus buildings
will begin at that time.
There will be special exhibits and.
other attractions planned at the Mu-
seum, the Architectural Building, Uni-
versity High School and Elementary
School, Alumni Memorial Hall, the
Legal Research Library, the Union,
the League,the buildings of the Col-
lege of Engineering, Newberry Hall,
the General Library, the Intramural
Sports Building, and the Student Pub-
lications Building.
Several sports events are listed for
the week-end, including a baseball
game with Ohio State University and
a tennis match wiTh Oberlin College,
both Friday afternoon. Both teams
will play the same opponents in sec-
ond games Saturday afternoon.
Julie Kane, '36, assistant chairman
of the committee, said that the Family
Banquet planned for Saturday night
will be one of the outstanding events
of the entire week-end. "Reservations
for the banquet are coming in faster
than any of us expected," she said,
"and it looks now as if it will be one
of the most popular individual events
planned in honor of the visitors."
Tickets are obtainable at Slaters',
Wahr's, and the League.
Sunday will also be a busy day, with
special Mother's Day services planned
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre and
all Ann Arbor churches. In addition,
it will be the first day of senior activ-
ities as far as these have been planned
at present.
vines Conquers
Tilden In Both
Tennis Matches
By r4ARJORIE WESTERN
William Tatem Tilden II, king of
the tennis world for years, was de-
feated twice last night, in both singles
and doubles matches, before a crowd
of tennis enthusiasts at the Intra-
mural Building. Ellsworth Vines, an-
other ex-champion, was on the win-
ning side in both matches, pairing
with Keith Gledhill, former Inter-
collegiate title-holder, to win the
doubles victory.
The story is told in the figures
which read 6-2, 3-6, 6-3, for Vines,
in the singles match, and a straight-
set victory in the doubles which Vines
and Gledhill won, 6-3, 9-7. Tilden
played with Alfred Chapin, former
national singles champion.
"Big Bill" started the evening slow-
ly. Without attempting the difficult
shots, he dropped the first four games
of the singles match to Vines. Serv-
ing in the fifth game, he sent two
blazing balls to Vines' forehand,
which netted him 30 points. The
next point went to Vines after a fast
cross-court dual, which sent the
young Californian running from side:
to side of the canvas. The next two
Tilden served drew applause from
the crowd, as he aced Vines with one
of the famous "cannon-ball" shots
for the deciding point.
The next two games were faster,
with a forehand stroking demonstra-
tion in which Tilden's inevitably

House Votes
U. S. Control
Of Exchanges
Passes Securities Bill By
280 To 84 Ballot After
Four-Day Discussion
Balloting Is Not
Along Party Lines
Stock Regulation Measure
Will Be Sent To Senate
For Consideration
WASHINGTON, May 4.--(W) -
Government regulation of the Na-
tion's stock exchanges was voted by
a dominant non-partisan majority
today in the House.
The ballot brought 280 votes for
the measure and 84sagainst.
So great was the support attracted
by the legislation that all efforts to
attach weakening amendments were
defeated and the only changes made
in the committee draft were those
which the committee itself found
acceptable.
Goes To Senate
It now goes to the Senate, where
a measure similar in most details, but
nevertheless containing several im-
portant differences, is awaiting con-
sideration. It has been approved by
committee and debate probably will
start next week.
Four days of House discussion
brought repeated references to "the
men surrounding the President," Re-
publican attacks on the "brain trust"
and repeated Republican assertions
that the measure was intended to
put the government in control not
only of the stock exchange, but of all
business.
Rep. Sam Rayburn, (Dem., Texas)
chairman of the commerce commit-
tee, backed by several of his Repub-
lican committeecolleagues, denied
such charges in toto, averred that
the bill was not written by "brain
trusters," and declared itin its final
draft was their own handiwork.
Fundamental Provisions Listed
The fundamental provisions of the"
measure would:
Require the registration of all Stock;
Exchanges with the Federal Trade;
Commission.
Empower the Federal Reserve
Board to fix minimum requirements
for brokerage accounts and loans on
securities by Reserve member banks.-
Declare it the opinion of Congress
that the margin minimum normally
should be 45 per cent.
Prohibit "manipulative devices,"1
including pools and other practices
intended to create artificial securities;
prices.
House Amendment Ready
Rep. Alfred L. Bulwinkle, (Dem.,
N.C.) was ready with an amendment1
to install the latter, but Chairman
Rayburn, of the commerce commit-;
tee, in charge of the bill, was confi-
dent of defeating it.
Today's debate brought out an as-
sertion by the minority leader, Ber-
trand H. Snell, New York, that the
bill would place individual small busi-
nesses under the domination of Fed-
eral regulation, a statement vigor-
ously. challenged by Rayburn.
"The crux of the question," Snell
said, "isn't whether we are in favor of
building up a Federal bureaucratic
control over business. I am opposed
to regulating every activity of every
small business man in the Country.

'Peko' Bursley Returns
After Forced Vacation
Gilbert E. ("Peko") Bursley, '34,
president of the Undergraduate Coun-
cil, will return to the University this
noon after a three-weeks illness in
Florida.

Japan Refuses To
Di.s.,uss, Eastern
r_,.,. 0 TWT"U ter.,

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Roosevelt Eulogizes
Bryan At Dedication
WASHINGTON, May 4.--(VP) -
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
praised William Jennings Bryan as
a man of sincerity in dedicating
today a monument to the Demo-
cratic leader on the banks of the
Potomac.
"He chose his path not to win
acclaim but rather because that
path appeared clear to him from
his inmost belief," said the Presi-
dent. "He did not have to dare to
do what to him seemed right; he
could not do otherwise."
The dedication exercises were
presided over by Josephus Daniels,
former secretary of the navy and
now ambassador to Mexico.
Illini Here For
Baseball, Golf,
Track Events
Biggest Athletic Day Of
Year Includes Football,
Tennis Matches
Three Illinois athletic teams in-
vade Ann Arbor today to meet Michi-
gan in track, baseball, and golf.
These events, along with the annmal
spring football game between two
Michigan teams and a tennis match
at Northwestern, make it the biggest
day of the year for Wolverine ath-
letes.
Competition will begin with the in-
dividual matches of the Illinois-
Michigan golf meet at 9:30 a. m. over
the University course. The match
will continue all day with the four-
somes in the afternoon.
At 10 a. m. more than 100 high
school football coaches will assemble
at Ferry Field to watch Coach Kipke
and a squad of football veterans
demonstrate grid tactics which make
for national championships.
In their first outdoor dual meet of
the year Michigan's track team meets
Illinois at 1:30 p. m. on Ferry Field.
With several Michigan stars on the
injured list Illinois is expected to
have the edge.
The meet will be run off as quickly
as possible in order to allow the Il-
linois-Michigan baseball game to
start promptly at 2:30 p. m. The
Wolverines, with two games won and
two lost, will be seeking to raise their
percentage above the 500 mark with
a win today.
Baseball fans will be encouraged
to go directly from Ferry Field to the
Stadium for the regulation game be-
tween picked teams of candidates for
next fall's varsity at 4 p. m. Kipke
is coaching the veteran Blue team
which is expected to win easily from
Coach Franklin Cappons less ex-
perienced Yellow outfit. Most of the
players will be freshmen competing
for the Chicago Alumni Trophy
awarded annually to the player show-
ing the most improvement in spring
practice.
ONE HENRY TO ANOTHER
EMPORIA, Kan., May 3. - (A) -
History repeated itself when work-
men began repairing an old residence
here. On the back of the first board
torn from the house April 17, 1934,
was written, "April 17, 1883. Windy as
the devil. Henry. April 17 this year
was windy and the carpenter who
tore off the board was named Henry.

N e w 'Asia - For - Asiatics'
Policy Is Announced By
Foreign Minister
Irota Cites Result
Of Geneva Meeting
Says Japan Can't Remain
Silent When Third Party
Threatens Disturbance
TOKIO, May 4.-(P) -A new and
stronger statement of Japan's "Asia-
for-Asiatics" policy came today from
Foreign Minister Koki Hirota, who in-
timated emphatically that never again
would his nation discuss Far-Eastern
problems with Western Powers.
"We shall not repeat what hap-
pened at Geneva," Hirota declared in
an address to prefectural governors,
referring to the break with the League
of Nations over Japanese activities in
Manchuria.
"We have no objection whatever to
exchanging views, if necessary, with
each individual Power regarding
treaty rights and interests," he ex-
plained, "but, in view of the fact
that on questions of East Asia our
views were rejected by the Powers at
the Geneva meeting of the League of
Nations which forced our decision to
withdraw from the League, it would
surely be unwise to reproduce ra situa-
tion such as we encountered at Gen-
eva."
Sees Japan a "Protector"
While only the Geneva incident was
mentioned, observers considered that
the Minister was implying that Japan
never again would debate Oriental
questions on equal terms with Western
Nations, as she did in 1922 when the
Nine-Power Treaty was framed.
"Japan is the principal protector
of the stability and the peace of East-
ern Asia," Hirota insisted.
"It is Japan's mission to maintain
peace and order in Eastern Asia in
co-operation with other countries -of
the Far East.
"Japan sincerely desires the uni-
fication, integrity, and prosperity of
China, which can be attained only
through China's own self-awakening
efforts."
Follows General Policy
The speech followed the general
lines of statements of China policy
which started April 17 with a For-
eign Office spokesman's declaration
that Japan hold to a "Hands-Off-
China" policy toward the Occident.
As in his official reply to the British,
and American Ambassadors who
asked an explanation of the spokes-
man's statement, Hirota reiterated
that Japan respected existing treaties
and the rights of other Powers in
China. These treaties include the
Nine-Power Pact with its assurances
of equal opportunity and the Open
Door.
"So-called assistance given to China
by outside parties with selfish mo-
tives," Hirota declared, however,
hampers China's progress toward uni-
fication and prosperity.
"Cannot Remain Silent"
"Japan," he declared, "cannot re-
main silent when a third party dis-
turbs relations between Japan and
China or takes action disturbing the
peace of East Asia.
"Anti - Japanese movements in
China must be stopped. Recently
the Chinese have shown an inclina-
tion to understand Japan's true mo-
tives, paving the way to a genuine
understanding between the two coun-
tries."
The speech was limited to general
statements of principles, no specific
instance of allegedly improper aid to
China being cited.

"In view of the radical changes the
world is undergoing," Hirota said, "I
believe we shall encounter not a few
difficulties in the future, although our
path at present is rather uneventful."
Two Derby Stables
Burn; Horses Safe
LOUISVILLE, Ky., May 4. -(A) -
Two stables were destroyed tonight
by fire at Churchill Downs where ap-

Russell McCracken Appointed
Director Of League Dramatics

Official announcement was made
recently of the appointment of Rus-
sell McCracken as director of League
dramatics. The title was given Mr.
McCracken as a result of the work
which he has done at the League
during the past year.
Direction of the Junior Girls Play,
"Gang's All There," work on the
Sophomore Cabaret, and direction of
the Children's Plays which were start-
ed this year, constitutes the substance
of the work which he did. He also
worked with Play Production, direct-
ing "Once In a Lifetime" for them.
Mr. McCracken graduated from the
University in 1932 with a long rec-
ord in campus dramatics. He was a
member of Comedy Club and Play

will continue his work in this field
next year, having already formed a
student committee, headed by Sue
Calcutt,"x35, to assist him. The plans
so far are to produce three children's
plays from a possible five that are
being considered. "Peter. Pan" will
surely be produced, McCracken said.
The plays will all be subject to a vote
of the school children. Other plays
being considered are "The Emperor's
New Clothes," "Rumpelstileskin" and
"Wassilisa and the Baba Yaga" writ-
ten by Ruth Cox, a senior in play-
writing here. McCracken himself has
written a modern Cinderella play
which may be produced.
Next year a regular dramatic office
will have its place in the League.

Great Floods Will Cover Earth
In 1936, Predicts Mathematician,

SAN FRANCISCO, Calif., May 4-
(M)-Great floods throughout 'the
world in 1935 to 1938 were predicted
today by Capt. Thomas J. J. See,
veteran professor of mathematics in
the United States Navy. He based
his forecast on the effect of huge sun
spots.
Rainfall will increase for the next
two years, after which the floods
will occur, said Captain See, adding
that the sun spots cause the weather

"Since the decrease of sun spots
began in 1928," Captain See declared,
"very great drought has been observ-
ed in nearly all the countries of the
globe, notably the drought of 1930,
in the Mississippi Valley, which ac-
centuated the evils of the depression,
and that of 1933 which delayed agri-
cultural recovery.
"But now large sun spots have re-
appeared, and will increase for the
next two years, yielding vast floods
in 1936-38, and an increasing rain-

A

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