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February 16, 1934 - Image 1

Resource type:
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ncreasing cloudiness with
ng temperature Friday, and
iw. Saturday generally fair.


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The Opera Is Dead,
Long Live The Opera . .

L. XLIV No. 96



Need Of Legal
Reform Stated
By Sunderland
Administrative Bodies To
Assume Courts' Duties,
Law Professor Warns
Address Delivered
To Cincinnati Bar
Cannot Dispense With The
S e rvices Rendered By
The Courts, He Says
Legal reforms must be made in
order to prevent administrative bod-
ies from assuming the present duties
of courts and taking practice away
from the bar, was the warning
sounded by Prof. Edson R. Sunder-
land of the Law School in an ad-
dress today in Cincinnati before the
lawyers club of that city.
"Services rendered by the courts
are not absolutely indispensible, but
only relatively so," he said. "The
extent of their use depends upon
their speed, their convenience, the
expense involved, and the degree of
success with which predicted results
can be actually obtained."
Professor Sunderland stated that,
while the bar performs functions
which are monopolistic in character,
it does not follow that its services
cannot be dispensed with. "This
is obvious in the field of adminis-
trative law," he continued, "for there
the initiative in instituting and con-
ducting the proceedings is lodged al-
most entirely in the official staff of
the bureau or commission."
Lawyers Called Necessary
Lawyers were said by Professor
Sunderland to constitute a necessary
part of the machinery of justice un-
der the present scheme of court
organization, yet he claimed that the
courts themselves may be relegated
to a much less important place in
the scheme of justice than we have
been accustomed to accord to them.
"Other means than the courts for
liquidating disputes may be found as
more and more time is consumed in
efforts to obtain relief, as disturb-
ances to the peace of mind and busi-
ness of the litigant increase, and as
expenses and hazards multiply. Loss-
es may be charged off and forgot-
ten, settlements entered into, and ar-
bitrations effected," Professor Sun-
derland pointed out in describing the
future unless reforms are made.
There is also the possibility that
the government may come to the
aid of those who. find the processes
of the courts too slow, and may set
up administrative offices, tribunals,
or bureaus, he said.
Sees Change As Cycle
"The process of change may be
represented as a cycle with three
phases; first representing a construc-
tive but ineffectual effort to obtain
better service by means of judicial
remedies; the second constituting a
refusal to employ unsatisfactory fa-
cilities offered by the courts; and the
third resulting in the creation of new
administrative agencies for giving
otherwise unobtainable relief," Pro-
fessor Sunderland explained.
In closing, he told the lawyers that,
"If the administration of justice is
to meet the needs of the public, a
thorough testing and overhauling of
the organization and operation of the
courts, commissions, and other cog-
nate agencies must take place."

Fascinated By
Poldi Mildner

In Which A Journalist Lectures
On The AmenitiesOfThe aily
By WILLIAM G. FERRIS r staff decorously put it. The literati -

Once again the call for tryouts has
risen from the Student Publications
Building on Maynard Street, and
once again the smart freshmen on
campus, their eyes bright with antici-
pation and cheeks rosy with hope,
will compete for positions on the
editorial staff of the Michigan Daily.
For it is the editorial staff of the
Daily, rather than other publication
jobs, which attracts the really bright
young men. The -lesser literary influ-
ences of the building are secluded
from the members of the editorial
staff, who are - a fact admitted,
sometimes subconsciously, by all in-
habitants of the building - the gen-
uine intelligentsia of the place.
The sports staff is piled over in
one corner with the cuts, mats, files,
and similar inanimate matter - es-
sential material, but devoid of men-
tality on its own part. The members
of the women's staff are given a
desk to make them feel good and1
keep them quiet. This is not always
There are a lot of other folks about
the room -business managers who
walk with majestic strides (when
they're able to walk), Gargoyle guys
who still chuckle over mother-in-law
jokes (There are funny magazines in
that section. They get them from
other colleges via exchanges), and a
general supervisor for all of us
youngsters. The supervisor answers
,the telephone.
But all of these people are merely
impedimenta, as we on the editorial

and let this be emphasized - are on
the editorial staff.
The work of these nascent Heming-
ways and Lewises consists of getting
the important, first page news of the
paper. This brings them in contact
with the leading figures on campus -
with heads of departments; professors
who are knownthroughout thecoun-
try, with visiting celebrities, and with
the gentlemen who run the Univer-
sity. The tryout will find that these
men are, in almost every case, all
that they should be: agreeable, hon-
est, frank, modest -in short, good
There are other things that the
tryout learns. He is shown how to
headline, a cute process which entails
putting the substance of the story
into two or three lines of 12 or 13
letters per line, and how to copy-
read, which is mainly a matter of
scratching out what the other fellow
wrote and substituting your own ver-
sion (it makes you feel good to do
this, unless its's women's copy, which
makes you sort of sick), and how to
proof-read, and how to go to bed at
3 a. m. once a week and yet get up
the next morning for your 8 o'clock
(that is, if you're that sort of a per-
It's hard work, and the fun comes
in working hard. It's good newspaper
training because it's real newspaper
work; not simply the jotting down of
nice notes delivered from the profes-
sorial platform. You dig up your own
story. You don't have it come to you.
And you do it daily.

Applicants For
FERA Jobs To
Report To Dean
Must S i g n Applications
Which Will Determine
Their Eligibility
All students who have registered
for special work under the Federal
Emergency Relief Administration, as
well as others who wish to apply for
such work, should report at once to
Room 2, University Hall, according{
to an announcement made yesterday1
by Dean Joseph A. Bursley.
At this time they will sign the reg-
ular application blanks used, which
contain questions t h e answers to
which will determine whether or not
applicants are eligible to receive this
assistance according to the qualifi-
cations which have been set down
governing the administration of the
In order to qualify under the reg-
ulations the applicant's financial sta-
tus must be such as to make his
continued attendance at college im-
possible without this help, and he
must be of good character and pos-
sess such ability as will guarantee his
doing high-grade-college work.
Both men and women students are
eligible to be given the jobs that are
being created through the Federal
provision. They will be allotted ac-
cording to the per cent of men and
women in the University. Types of
work that will be done include li-
brary, clerical, research, w o r k on
buildings and grounds, in dormitor-
ies, and in dining halls where these
Ensian Calls
For Editorial
All second semester freshmen and
sophomores interested in editorial
work on yearbooks are asked to re-
port at 10 a. m. Saturday at the edi-
torial offices of the Michiganensian
in the Student Publications building.
The work on the 'Ensian gives ex-
perience in all phases of the tech-
nique of book building. The tryouts
will first be assigned to the copy-
reading desk and will also do some
interviewing and copy-chasing on
Wally Graham, '34, managing ed-
itor, issued a special call for students
with artistic talent. At this time espe-
cially, there is work for junior and
sophomore students who have had
experience in drawing. Students who
have worked on high school annuals
will find their experience helpful in
their work on the 'Ensian, but former
experience is not necessary.
There is wonderful opportunity for
amateur photographers to get further

More Investigation
Sought On Scalpers
After investigating the evidence
against two students charged with
scalping J-Hop tickets, the Under-
graduate Council Disciplinary Com-
mittee last night decided that further
investigation concerning the incident
is necessary before any definite pen-
alty can be applied.
In the case of one of the two stu-
dents under suspicion it is understood
that the. Council members considered
the evidence conclusive enough to1
warrant a penalty, but there is con-
siderable doubt as to the guilt of the
other accused student. Consequently,
the Council decided to suspend its
opinion until further evidence with
regard to the second student is at-
tained. A decision will probably be
reached, Council members said, in the
early part of next week.
Women To Meet
Albion Team In
Annual Debate
Chicago University Plan Is
Subject For Dual Non-
Decision Contests
Eight women debaters go to Albion
Saturday morning for the annual
dual non-decision debates with
women of Albion college. The Mich-
igan affirmative team will meet Al-
bion negative Saturday morning and
the Michigan negative team meets
the Albion affirmative Saturday
afternoon, all debates being on the
season question: the efficiency and
worth of the Chicago University plan.
Elizabeth Smith, '35, Dorothy
Saunders, '35, and Winifred Bell, '36,
will represent Michigan on the af-
firmative team with Katherine Stoll,
'35 as alternate; while Eleanor Blum,
'35, Katherine Cof field, '34, and Mar-
abel Smith, '34Ed., will form the neg-
ative team, with Helen Podolsky, '34,
alternate. Floyd K. Riley of the
speech department is coach.
Albion College will send two teams
here Friday, Feb. 23 for a return de-
bate on the same question.
A dual debate with Wayne Uni-
versity, formerly Detroit City College,
has been scheduled for Monday, Feb.
26. The members of the team have
not been announced and while ar-
rangements are not complete the
meet will probably be held here.
The first of the annual conference
debates will be held March 1 when
the Michigan negative team meets
Northwestern's affirmative at Evan-
ston. Ohio State University's affirma-
tive team will come here March 5 for
the second conference debate, meeting
the local negative team in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. The conference
meets are decision debates.
TI -n

Tryouts For Daily Staff
Report This Afternoon
Tryouts for the Daily editorial,
sports, and society staffs are asked
to report at 4 p. m. today at the
Daily offices, Student Publications
Building, Maynard Street.
Second semester freshmen who
have received at least one A or
one B and have received no grades
lower than C are eligible for work
on the Daily.
Aspiring Soubrettes
Will Exhibit Talent
For Roles In Opera
Lured by the call of spotlights,
twinkling toes, and the chance to
impersonate the "weaker sex" for a
night, more than 125 men students
will begin actual tryouts for the Un-
ion Opera this afternoon.
Milton Peterson, director, will meet
the candidates at 4 p. m. in the Glee'
Club Room of the Union and from
then on it will be a period of dance
routines, vocal practices, and histri-
onic exhibitions. Out of this bedlam1
members of the cast and choruses
will be selected - more than 75 of1
them in all. Registrations were re-
ceived against yesterday afternoon
and even a greater number than that
of Wednesday was signed up for the
tryouts. It is not yet too late, how-
ever, for others wishing to become 1
chorines may still have a chance by
appearing this afternoon.
The show itself is going to give
the "bird" to a number of dignified
campus institutions, both student
and faculty, and in such a way that
those being r a z z e d will probably'
laugh more than any others.
Similar shows to that being
planned here are presented annually
at a number of other schools, among
them the Triangles shw at Prince-
ton, the productions of Mask and
Wig at Pennsylvania, and Harvard's1
Hasty Pudding presentations. There
will be one big difference, however,
and that is in the mechanical plans
for the opera here. It will be en-
tirely the work of students, and Mr.
Peterson said thatj all those wishing
to design costumes or scenery should
report to the Union at the same time
as the others.
The costume designers in particu-
lar will have more than enough work
to do, for they will design gowns
that the male chorus girls will wear
in their numbers, as well as those
for the "girl" cast members.
Elect Williams To
Head Highway Body
Allen M. Williams, county high-
way engineer of Ionia county, was
elected president of the Michigan As-
sociation of R o a d Commissioners
and Engineers at a business meet-
ing yesterday which closed the 20th
annual Michigan Highway Confer-
ence here.
The conference itself does not have
any officers or formal organization,
Prof. Roger L. Morrison of the en-
gineering college explained, and is
sponsored annually by several or-
ganizations in the State, of which
the road commissioners' group is one.
Other organizations interested in
the conference were the State High-
way Department, the Michigan Good
Roads Association, the Michigan De-
partment of Public Safety, and the
Michigan Traffic and Safety Direc-
tors' Association, and the program
was under the direction of the Col-
lege of Engineering.

EDITOR'S NOTE: This article, writ-
ten especially for The Daily by Dr.
Long, will be foilowed with others
by faculty authorities. They, too, will
deal with complex European, Euro-
Asiatic, and Euro-American problems.
(Of the History Department)
We mgy preface consideration of
recent events in Austria w i t h a
sketch of some pertinent post-war
The disintegration of the Haps-
burg monarchy left the almost ex-
clusively German section which is
now Austria with about one-eighth
the area and population of the old
empire. It has lost its chief indus-
trial section, Bohemia, its chief gra-
nary, Hungary, and many other im-
portant sections, while its great city
of Vienna, economic heart of the
empire and much of southeastern
Europe, was forced by barriers of na-
tionalism suddenly to curtail its far-
reaching and life-giving activities.
The Allied Powers refused to sanc-
tion Austria's union with Germany
and it was their responsibility then
to keep the exhausted state alive. On-
ly drastic economy measures (part
of the painful operation of shrinking
the ill-balanced organism of the em-
pire-remnant to the form of the new
state) and aid from the League of
Nations saved Austria at the time.
Turning to internal politics, we find
that following the war the two chief
parties, the Christian Socialists (pea-
sant and Catholic moderates) and

Analysis Of Austrian Civil War

the Social Democrats (socialists in
the usual sense), joined in a coali-
tion, but in October, 1920, the former
were able to dominate the govern-
ment with the support of a small
Pan-German party. This situation
prevailed up to the end of the par-
liamentary regime in March, 1933,
except that the Pan-Germans shifted
to the socialist side and two small
groups, the Heimwehr (a Home-de-
fense Fascist organization) and the
Landbund (an agrarian league) sup-
ported the Christian Socialists.
The industrial areas had become
great strongholds of the Social Dem-
ocrats, with Vienna as the outstand-
ing example, and the political strug-
gle in Austria has been chiefly be-
tween these sections and the rural
supporters of the Christian Socialists.
Meanwhile the plight of Austria
was constantly becoming worse, and
it was at this juncture, in May, 1932,
that Dollfuss was called to form a
cabinet. He held power by the pre-
carious thread of a single-vote ma-
jority, but vigorously began to arouse
national spirit to maintain Austria's
independence, so seriously threatened
by Hitler. By an accident the Aus-
trian parliament committed suicide
in March, 1933, and Dollfuss, seizing
his opportunity, began his rule by
decree pending the adoption of a
new constitution. The Schutzbund
(military guard of the socialists) and
the Communist Party were dissolved,
(Continued on Page 6)


New Crisis DevelopsIn
Austria As Groups, Within
Doilfuss Cabinet Disagre
Christian Socialists Sf
1934's Political Turmoil: No. 2: Petition To Chance

To Convene Parliani
Four-Day Rebell<
Seems To Be 0
Tension Of Home Gi
And Christian So
Wing Is Critical

Speed Work On
Liquor Store To
Open Its .Doors
Inventory And Labeling
Of Cases Progresses As
City wits
Ann Arbor's parched throats will
not have to wait long before there is
legal liquor to quench them. While
a definite date could not be set last
night, the work of inventory and
labeling the 832 cases of the first
legal spirits the city has seen in 15
years went ahead at full speed.
The opening of the store is de-
pendant on the progress of getting
the stock ready for public consump-
tion. The amount of liquor received
from Detroit by trucks was the larg-
est and most complete yet received
by any store in Michigan.
Students will be able to make pur-
chases at the store. The only stipu-
lation, one set down by the State
government, is that each purchaser
must sign a statement saying that
he is at least 21 years of age and
that the liquor he is buying is in
accordance with the provisions of
the State Liquor Control Act and the.
Rules and Regulations of the Com-
There will be no unreasonable limit
set on the amount of liquor sold to
one person, Charles H. Dawson, man-
ager of the store said.

Sellars Speaks
On New Trends
In Philosophy
He Discusses Metaphysics,
Logic, And Theory Of

Prof. Roy W. Sellars of the philo-
sophy department delivered the fifth
lecture of the University series yester-
day on "Present Trends in Philo-
He stated that philosophy is a cul-
tural tradition, differing from special
sciences in that philosophers never
expect universal agreement.
The three chief trends which he
discussed were logic, theory of knowl-
edge, and metaphysics.
"The difficulty in attaining agree-
ment in logic," he said, "is because
of the fact that each school ap-
proached logic from assumptions that
were irrelevant to it." There are four
chief trends in logic, according to
Professor Sellars. They are the tra-
ditional school, the mathematical
school, the psychological school, and
the idealistic school, the speaker said.
Opposing Views Of Knowledge
Under the theory of knowledge
Professor Sellars discussed the two
chief views which directly oppose
each other. They are idealism and
Idealism stresses cosmology, .on-
tology, and metaphysics. On the
theory of knowledge idealists tend to
adopt a negative view. According to
Professor Sellars they believe in sub-
jective idealism but rather favor the
objective view.
Turning to realism, he said that
believers in the New Realism have
shot their bolt because they tried to
defend the view that things literally
are as they seem. "They are lost," he
continued, "when they are asked to
explain phenomena like dreams, er-
rors, and hallucinations."
The view that Professor Sellars is
most inclined to favor is the theory
expounded by the Critical Realists,
which is an epistomological dualistic
Discusses Critical Realism
"Critical Realism succeeds," stated
Professor Sellars, "because it can an-
swer the two questions which caused
philosophers to disbelieve Locke's
theory of Representative Realism.
The first question is, 'How can we
know external things if they are
causes of ideas and our ideas cannot
get outside our consciousness?' The

VIENNA, Feb. 15. - (P) -Amid th
blood and confusion of a Socialist in
surrection, a new crisis in the civi
war abruptly developed tonight whe
the commander of the Fascist Heim
wehr publicly accused politicians o
Chancellor Dollfuss' own party of th
real responsibility for the sanguinar;
Leaders of the group, the Christiai
Social party, promptly petitioned th
Chancellor to reconvene the Austria
parliament which he shelved a yea
ago so he could rule by decree.
The four-day rebellion seemed t.
have been put down. All municipa
apartment blocks, where the Social
ists made their most tenacious stand
were this evening in the hands of th
army or police.
Reports of the situation in provin
cial districts were conflicting, bu
nevertheless seemed to indicate tha
the government was nearing an en
in its efforts to curb the civil war.
Politicians Blamed
The Home Guard leader, Princ
Ernst Rudiger von Starhemberg, de
clared in a funeral oration for
fallen comrade that "the blame tha
so much blood had to be spilled rest
with Democratic corruptionist poll
ticians . . . who betrayed the nativ
population of this country with the
shameless dickering with the Reds
Never since the Fascist Heimwil
entered the Dollfuss cabinet has tt
tension between Home Guard and It
Christian Social wing of the goverr
ment come to such a critical stage.
"Back to the parliament!" was th
cry of deputies of Dollfuss' own pai
ty. It was a flat negation of every
thing the Heimwehr has been figh
ing for.
If Dollfuss listens to his party co
leagues and resurrects the Parli,
ment the Home Guard would I
faced with the choice of ousting t
Chancellor by a putsch or meek:
taking a smashing defeat to its pre
May Desert Party
On the other hand, there we
many well-informed persons who b
lieved Chancellor Dollfuss * o u1
throw his party colleagues overboal
and take the Heimwehr men in'
the cabinet to steer a 100 per ce
Fascist course.
In either event, a showdown b
tween the rival wings in the go'
ernment seemed imminent.
Adding to the tension of the siti
ation was a speech broadcast fro
Munich tonight by the Nazi lead
Theodore Habicht to the effect th
Austrian Nazis were "prepared fi
Rumors circulated that a N
putsch could be expected this wee
Topic Of Talk
By Dr. Wede
Maintaining that most people w
"discontentedly decent" in their w
of living, Dr. Theodore o. Wei
spoke last night on "Morality"
the third of a series of talks in a x
ligious conference for students a
faculty, sponsored by St. Andre
Episcopal Church.
In his discussion Dr. Wedel poini
out the difference between seemi
and being good. He said that "wh
seeming to be good will get you
you won't be truly happy unl
you're actually good."
"Morality," he said, "is only re
tive to the moral standards of d
ferent ages, but does depend, in
large measure, on such perman
standards as kindliness and decene
Speaking of sex morality, Dr. We
stated that "you can't meddle w

brilliantly before an en-
audience, blonde Poldi
armed Ann Arbor concert-
light in Hill Auditorium.:
ag Bohemian pianiste, in
>pearance here under the
the University of Mich-
1 Union, played a program
of the old master com-
ch, Haydn, Schubert, Cho-
szt. She seemed reluctant
1e applause, and saved her
;l after the final number,
Espagnole," by Franz


Poldi Mildner Characterized
By Her Gay Matter -Of -Factness

Petite, blond 17-year-old P o 1 d ii
Mildner is nothing like her sophisti-1
cated picture -which has been smil-
ing from posters in every store win-
dow for a week.
This amazing young woman is one.
of the most famous pianists in the1
world. She was born in Vienna, but1
lived and went to school in Czecho-I
slovakia and still makes her, home
there during her brief and rare va-
cations. As a pianist she is one of
the marvels of the concert stage -1
"almost a child prodigy," the critics!
who speak of her in superlatives call
her. She began her piano study at
the age of eight, tutored by the fa-
mous Moriz Rosenthal in Vienna,
gave her first concert at the age of 11
in the Vienna Concert ,Hall, a n d

man words or shrugs and laughs. She
is very gay, very much amused at
herself, and she takes her tremen-
dous success with the least concern.
She looks even younger than her 17
years, but she is admirably poised.
The, most characteristic thing about
her might be her sense of humor and
her gay matter-of-factness a b o u t
herself, her success, and her career.
She was on her way to buy cam-
era film with her mother when she
was interviewed in the lobby of the
League. Every place Mlle. Mildner
goes, she takes snapshots, and she
was planning to get a picture of Hill
Auditorium. She has played in con-
certs in Montreal, Quebec, Chicago,
and New York and is looking forward
to a tour in California next year.
She will go back to her own country

Miss Mildner seemed tired follow-
g the brilliant display of technique
the last number before the inter-
ission, Schubert's "Wanderer Fan-
Her sympathetic rendition of Cho-

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