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February 15, 1934 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1934-02-15

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

he Weather
ly and much colder on
ay and Thursday night:
generally fair.j

C, r

Sit igaz


Forgotten Students Are

V No. 95





)Ilfuss Is

1934's Political Turmoil: No. 1:
Dictionary Of European Politics


rs Period Of Amnesty
Socialists If Fighting
ops Before Tomorrow
oAting Workers
atrench Near City
ign Capitals Fear An
istro - German Liaison
ay Result From Clash
N'NA, Feb. 14. - (1f') - Diminu-
hancellor Dollfuss, facing a re-
Socialist attack on the Aus-
capital, tonight personally
past an appeal to revolting
rs to drop their weapons and
his madness" of armed opposi-
> the government.
n inducement he offered a pe-
Af amnesty for peaceful sur-
"but after 12 noon tomorrow
will be no more pardon for
e under any circumstances," he
d as he spoke, an estimated 3,-
>cialists, beaten to retreat by
c government cannonading
in three days had contributed-
are to a casulty list estimated
0 to'1,500 were reforming their
red ranks.
a high hill near Vienna, under
of darkness, they were throw-
breastworks and building ma-
gun emplacements.
the little Chancellor twice re-
this ultimatum:
>ugh of blood!"
alists claimed that Julius
h, general secretary of the So-
Party and commander-in-chief
outlawed Republican Guards,
recting their "strategic retreat
ointing them for a march on

EDITOR'S NOTE: This article, writ-
ten by Professor Slosson especially for
The Daily, will be followed with others
by faculty authorities. They, too, will
deal 'with complex European, Euro-
Asiatic, and Euro-American problems.
(Associate Professor of History)
Daily newspapers rarely explain the
technical terms they use; that is left
to the histories. This sometimes
makes the foreign page of a metro-
politan newspaper perplexing to the
reader, especially as the political vo-
cabulary of Europe is not identical
with that of the United States. To us,
for example, "Socialist" implies a
rather radical political outlook like
that of our Socialist party; an adher-
ence to the theories of Karl Marx. In
Europe it is used in a vaguer and
looser sense: there are for example
the "Christian Socialists" in Austria
who are really Roman Catholic Mod-
erates, the "National Socialists" in
Germany who are extreme militarist
reactionaries, the "Radical Socialists"
in France who are anti-clerical mid-
dle-class radicals, and so on. A few
words of comment on the meaning
now given to certain phrases in com-
mon use may prove helpful.

Right and Left. By an old French
custom, dating from the first French
revolution, radical parties sit to the
left of the speaker, moderate parties
in the center, conservativehor reac-
tionary parties to the right. These
phrases have been adopted by other
countries. Thus a "man of the right
center" means a rather conservative
person; a "man of the extreme left"
would probably be a Communist.
Socialism. The word implies col-
lective as opposed to individual own-
ership of such property as mines,
railroads, land, factories, etc., but
it is often used more vaguely for any
movement which strengthens the
control of government over business.
When contrasted with Communism
in its present day sense it refers to
,the more moderate parties federated
together as the Second International;
while the Communists who follow the
leadership of Russia form the Third
International. Often the Socialists are
called Social Democrats. All who pro-
fess adherence to the theories of
Marx, whether Socialists or Commu-
nists, are Marxists. Not all Socialists
are Marxists. The National Socialists
or Nazis repudiate Marx and all his
(Continued on Page 6)

_________________________________________________________________________ .

nan Alliance
ociated Press)
e upshot of a Social-
strla may be a Ger-
aison were expressed
European capitals as
waged in the little

riumph of Naziism in Austria
led inevitable by the official
1 Socialist party organ, the
tische Korrespondenz in Ber-
ria's Nazis, whose power and
h are indubitably rooted in+
man people in Austria, know,
.e same certainty that their
11 come, as they know Chan-
)ollfuss' hour has struck," it
said the Giornale D'Italia in
.s viewing the Austrian situ-
:ooly," but it said unofficially
hat many Italians feared the
night launch a drive for po-
ower with the present crisis
>me the well-informed news-
Xiornale D'Italia published a
that Italian troops were in
near the Austrian border. The
had been denied by the gov-
French cabinet decided that
llor Dollfuss must be sup-
dent Actors
.11 Offer Pl
y Elmer Rice
Naples and Die," by Elmer
elected as Play Production's
fering, will be given Feb. 22,
24. In presenting "See Na-
d Die," Play Production is
its usual policy, of present-
y the more classical type of
a present one which is of
ead interest, according to
ne B. Windt, director of the
>lay is a satire on Americans
continent, with all the ac-
ying political intrigue and
:erernony. In form it resem-
comic opera without music,
really a satiric but carefree
ganza done with the "usual
netration and adroitness," Mr.

Committee Will
Discuss Fate Of
Undergraduate C o un c ili
Disciplinary Group To
Weigh Evidence
A meeting of the Undergraduatet
Council Disciplinary Committee for
5 p. m. today in Room 306 of the
Union to discuss the situation caused
by the scalping of J-Hop tickets was
called yesterday by Gilbert E. Bursley,
president of the Council.
Evidence against two students who
are alleged to have sold tickets for a
price higher than the original pur-
chase price after University author-
ities had warned against such action
is at present in the hands of Walter
B. Rea, assistant to the dean. He will
present this evidence to Council dis-
ciplinary committee members and
they expect to take whatever action
they believe is warranted.
The disciplinary committee of thet
Council has the power to take any;
action it wishes. It then notifies the,
University disciplinary committee of
its action, and this latter body makes
the final official decision. So far1
this year the University body has1
agreed with the recommendations of
the Council committee in every in-,
stance in which trouble has occurred,
regarding student conduct.
Says Students ;
Need Not Seek
Religious Proof
Religion must be approached in,
an appreciative way, not as an idea
to prove but as a concept to appre-
ciate, said Dr. Theodore O. Wedel,
secretary for college work of the
Episcopal church, speaking last night
in the initial session of a three-day
religious conference on the general
topic, "Is Religion Necessary?"
Taking as his subject for the first
discussion "The College Student and
God," Dr. Wedel maintained that al-
though the student is, on the whole,
ignorant of most of the fundamental
facts of any one religion, he is, by vir-
tue of his being at the most plastic
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, re-
ligious counselor of the University
said last night: "I hope that as
many students as possible take
advantage of this opportunity to
hear Dr. Wedel. In addition to his
being an inspiring and worthwhile
speaker, he can offer what many
need, a definite and thoroughly
thought out concept of religion
which may serve to keep them
continuously oriented in life."
age of life, open to assimilation of
any well-presented theories.
It is necessary, he emphasized, that
Christianity be well presented, and
that students be offered thorough
and basic instruction in it as in a
study of any religion.
"If a student does not understand
Christianity, that proves a defect in
the educational system," Dr. Wedel

Burton's Widow Is
To Marry In May
BERKELEY, Calif., Feb. 14.- OP)
Dr. W. W. Kent, head of the depart-
ment of education at the University
of California, said today that he and
Mrs. Marion LeRoy Burton, widow of
Former President Burton of the Uni-
versity of Michigan, will be married
here the latter part of May. He said
Mrs. Burton would leave next week
on a trip to Ann Arbor, Mich.
Many Students
Attend Tryout
Opera Meeting
Production To Burlesque
.-C1urrent affairs On This
Campus, Peterson Says
Union opera tryouts yesterday at-
tracted a large and enthusiastic
group of students, according to Mil-
ton Peterson, director. Additional reg-
istrations will be received between 2
and 5 p. m. today in the Glee Club
Room at the Union. It is planned at
present to announce the date of ac-
tual tryouts, when preliminary regis-
tration is completed tomorrow.
Mr. Peterson stated that he is very
well pleased with the turnout so far
and is convinced that all those who
registered yesterday were very much
interested in the revival of the Opera
In discussing the coming produc-
tion, he explained that there will be
between 75 and 100 students in the
cast, and approximately two dozen of
these will be singing parts. The Opera
is to consist of two acts divided into
10 scenes.
In order to clarify his previous
statement that this year's Opera will
revert to those of 1910-15 rather than
to the last few that were staged, Mr.
Peterson described the coming pro-
duction as essentially a burlesque on
current conditions and affairs on the
Michigan campus.
Fledges May
Ask Initiation

Girl To Give
Recjtal Here
Poldi Mildr4er To Appear
In Hill Aditoriunm For
First Tim4 Tonight
Hailed B Critics
As 'Child Prodigy'
Has Studied Piano Since
Age Of Eight; Appeared
With Vienna Symphony
At the age of 17, Poldi Mildner,
young Austrian pianiste, who is to
appear here under the auspices of
the University Choral Union tonight
in Hill Auditorium, has swept her
audiences off their feet both here
and in Europe.
Triumph has cbme to her at the
age of 17. She Ahas studied piano
since the age of eight. Under the
tutelage of her aunt, Elfreda Mild-
ner, she progressed so rapidly that
she soon learned ;all that her tutor
could offer.
It was deemed advisable that she,
continue her studies at Vienna, but
her father, Hugo Mildner, thought
she should stay at home. In spite of
his objections, she was given an au-
dition before the famous Moriz Ro-
senthal, and immediately enrolled as
his pupil.
Studied In Vienna
One week out of every month she
went to Vienna, where she stayed,
for a week at a time, taking a lesson
every day. She did this for two
When she was eleven, she gave
her first concert. She played a Bee-
thoven sonata, twO waltzes of Cho-
pin, and the Hungarian Rhapsody 13
for a large audier ce at the Vienna
Concert Hall.
The notices she teceived were tre-
mendous in the ap royal of this child
artist. As a resu of this concert,
she was engaged Pto play with the
Vienna Sympho1y Qrchestra.,
Still her father maintained his
stern disapproval of her career, and'
stuck to his belief that she ought to
be at home, like other children. He
has become reconciled to her suc-
cess, however.
Thought Only Of Music
Success is no surprise to Poldi
Mildner. She explains this attitude
by saying, "In all my life I have
never thought about anything but
music." Some people explain her
triumph by saying that genius is re-
sponsible. There has been no genius
to speak of, aside from herself, in
her family.
Her father played the violin a lit-
tle, and her mother danced some in
the ballet. There have been no dis-
tinguished musicians among her an-
cestors. She comes of a line of
worthy but undistinguished bour-
According to a telegram received
last night by Dr. Charles A. Sink,
president of the School of Music,
Miss Mildner created a sensation in
her concert appearance in Chicago.
One critic said, "Not since the debut
of Joseph Hofmann have we heard
such technique, such tone, such
strength, and such feeling." The
wire was from Siegfried Hearst, of
the National Broadcasting Company.
Tickets may still be secured in
the president's office in the School
of Music, at $1, $1.50, and $2,



Annual Meeting
Of Academy To
OpenMarch 15
Prof. Charles H. Mcdlwain
Of Harvard Scheduled
As Main Speaker
The thirty-ninth annual meeting
of the Michigan Academy of Sci-
ence, Arts, and Letters will convene
here Mar. 15 for a three-day session
devoted to discussion of technical
and general material in 13 branches
of study.
Dr. Charles Howard Mclwain, Ea-
ton professor of science and govern-
ment at Harvard University, will be
the chief speaker at the meeting.
Professor McIlwain is an author of
note in the field of political science,
having won the Pulitzer prize in 1923
for his book, "The American Revo-
lution." He also edited "Wraxali's
Abridgement of the New York In-
dian Records," and the "Political
Works of James I."
The discussion sections, at which
experts from the University, educa-
tional institutions in the state, and
other bodies will speak, will be di-
vided into 13 different groups. They
are as follows: anthropology, eco-
nomics and sociology, botany, forest-
ry, geography,igeology and minerol-
ogy, history and political science,
languages and literature, philosophy,'
psychology, sanitary and m e di c a 1
science, and zoology.
The Michigan Academy originated
39 years ago as an organization for
the advancement of science, but it
soon developed to include practically
all branches of study. Its main pur-'
pose, today is to encourge by bring-
ing together men doing wk n vari-
ous fields to report their work.
Chinese Film
P re s ented By
Cinema ]Leagoue
"China Express" will be the picture
presented by the Art Cinema League
at 8:15 p.m. today and Friday and
Saturday at 7:15 p.m. and 9:00 p.m.
with two added features, "Soviets On
Parade" and "Pied Piper of Hamlin."
This picture features the exciting
trip of the China Express from Nan-
king and Suchow and advanced re-
ports say it is one of the finest films
from the Chinese studios. "Soviets
On Parade" depicts the present Rus-
sian army in a parorama with a cast
of 160-million people. "Pied Piper of
Hamlin" is one of Walter Disney's
cartoons with color and humor.
The New York American has said
of "China Express," "It is one of the
most impressive dramas yet to emerge
from the China studios," while the
New York Herald - Tribune named
"Soviets On Parade" as "photo-
graphed with stark, clearcut powei
and dynamic forcefulness that has
made the Soviet dramatic films so

Tryouts For Daily Staff
May Report Tomorrow
Tryouts for the editorial, sports,
and society staffs of The Daily
have been requested to report at
the Student Publications Building,
Maynard Street, at 4 p. m. to-
morrow. Second semester fresh-
men who have received at least
one grade higher than a C, and
no grade lower than a C, are eli-
gible to try out.
Motorist Bears
Too Heavy tax
Levy -- Charge
Chevalier States Gasoline
Revenues Ought To Be
Used Only For Highways
Declaring that gasoline and other
motoring taxes are not taxes fairly
distributed among the public, Col.
Willard T. Chevalier, publishing di-
rector of the Engineering News-Rec-
ord, told delegates to the Michigan
Highway Conference last night that
such taxes should be used for high-
ways and for no other purposes.
The middle and lower classes stand
the greater part of the burden of
gasoline taxes, Colonel Chevalier
stated, and in those states in, which
automobile registration is declining,
it is doing so in direct proportion to
the increase of gasoline taxes, se said.
Colonel Chevalier spoke at the ban-
quet of the conference held in the
Union. The conference will close with
a business meeting at 9:30 a. m. to-
day in the 'Union.
Horatio J.'Abbot, Democratic na-
tional committeeman, spoke briefly
in place of Gov. William A. Comstock,
denying what he called "malicious"
rumors that the governor was going
to build an expensive mansion here
or in Grosse Pointe.
Other speakers were Raymond M.
Foley of the State Highway Depart-
ment and Dean H. C. Sadler of the
engineering college, who gave the
welcome speech in President Ruth-
ven's place. Horatio Earle, first State
Highway Commissioner of Michigan,
who celebrated his seventy-ninth
birthday today, was present at the
In the afternoon session of the
conference, Prof. Edwin C. Goddard
of the Law School spoke on "Road-
side Improvement.",
Professor Goddard expressed the
hope that sufficient funds could be
obtained from the CWA and PWA
(Continued on Page 6)
Daily Business
Tryouts Are o
Meet Monday

100,000 College Stud
Throughout Countr
Be Aided'By Plan
Applicant's Need
First Considerat

Other Qualifications Ar
Ability In College Wort
Good Character
One hundred thousand needy co
lege students in the United Stat
approximately 750 of them at Mic
igan, have been thrown a lifeline
the Federal government in the for
of definite action providing for fun
to create part-time work for them
their respective institutions.
Announcement of Michigan's quc
of 752 was made here yesterday
Shirley W. Smith, vice-president
the University, after receipt of woe
from Fred R. Johnson, director
the State Emergency Relief Comm
sion. The number is 10 per cent
the full time enrollment as of O
15, 1933.
-'Types of work for which the funs
will be used, when available here, I
dlude clerical, library, research, a
similar fields. About three-fourths
the students to be aided will be tho
who dropped out at the end of t
first semester for financial reaso:
and the other fourth will be th(
who would enter the college if fina
cially able, but have not yet done
Bases of Selection Listed
Selection of students for the jc
will be made on the following consi
1. The student's financial stat
must be such as to make his attew
ance at college impossible withc
this aid.
' -. The students 'shall be of go
character and shall possess such abi
ity as to give assurance that tl
will do high grade college work.
3. Not more than 75 per cent
the funds allotted to any one c
lege shall be paid to students w
were regularly enrolled in some c
lege in January, 1934.
4. Jobs shall be allocated betwe
men and women students in propo
tion to the enrollment of each.
30-Hour Week Limit Set
5. The rate of pay is to be such
is commonly paid by the instituti
for such work as shall be done, b
is not to be less than 30 cents
hour. The number of hours a day
limited to eight, and the numbei
week to 30.
It is expected that wages th
earned will range from $10 to $24
month, with the average being ab
$15. In each institution receiv
funds, the president of the college
designated as the official responsi
for the program in his institutic
President Alexander G. Ruthv
in speaking of the aid to be receiv
(Continued on Page 6)
Council Adopts
City Hfall Plans
1Discuss Lictuo

750 Students Here

Will Make Jobs



Part Of National, Progra

Prof. Courtis Would Eliminate
Paternalism In Ideal University

Petitions of 'freshman fraternity
pledges who may have valid reason
for seeking special permission to be
initiated into their fraternities should
be presented to Maxwell T. Gail, '34,
Interfraternity Council secretary-
treasurer, it was a n n o u n c e d last
night, so that they may be considered
at the next meeting of the council
Judiciary Committee.
The Judiciary Committee is in the
habit of granting special permission
to be initiated only in case there is
valid reason for making the excep-
tion, Gail said.
A drive to have council dues paid
up as soon as possible has been
launched by council officials and is
being carried on by the junior try-
Of the 49 houses customarily mem-
bers of the council, 12 have failed to
pay their dues on time. No direct
penalty is being planned by council

Professors who do not teach and a{
college whose only desire and purpose }
is to "put each student in as fine a3
shape as is possible" are parts of a'
unique university plan advanced by
Prof. Stuart A. Courtis of the School
of Education as his ideal of the mod-
ern education. Professor Courtis was
speaking informally before members
of the Graduate Luncheon Club yes-
terday in the Russian Tea Room of
the League.
The present-day university was
scored by Professor Courtis as "pater-
nalistic, and autocratic." It deals in
thought rather than in action, he
said, and it does not teach co-opera-
tion. Work is done in the midst of
archaic institutions for artificial re-
wards. "The present-day university
is futile."
"The entrance requirements for my

towards his own goal for the assist-
ance of society. The men who are to
guide the students of tomorrow, the
lecturer believes, must be actively in
touch with all phases of the world's
The teachers will not hold classes,
but will be on call half of their time
at regular hours and students may
ask for assistance if they require it,
Dr. Courtis went on. The professors
will never outline a course of actions
for the student, he said, but will
render specific help in any one phase
of study which may puzzle him. The
model university will provide labora-
tories aild libraries for individual re-
search work and the student will be
expected to do his own study in his
own way in this ideal of Dr. Cour-
"There will be a research depart-
ment in my model university," went

A call for second semester fresh-
men to try out for the business staff
of The Daily at 4 p. m. Monday,
Feb. 19, was issued yesterday by
Grafton Sharp, '34, business man-
ager. All second semester fresh-
men and any sophomores who wish
to come out are eligible for the try-
out positions providing they have
one grade above C and none below.
Work on The Daily affords op-
portunity for practical experience in
all departments connected with the
business offices of newspapers and
other publications. It includes sell-
ing advertising, handling accounts,
and laying out the pages. Besides the
specialized training provided by this
work, general business experience is
The tryouts are in competition for
six junior managerships and for two
senior positions, all of which pay
a salary.
All second semester freshman wo-
men interested in the business side
of newspaper work should report at
4:30 p. m. Tuesday, according to
Catherine McHenry, women's busi-
ness manager. The tryouts are given
work in advertising and accounts
and become assistant managers in
their junior year. The senior posi-
tion pays a substantial salary.


Meeting in a special session, t]
Common Council last night accept
the option for the purchase of
strip of land south of the City H
which is necessary to the propos
enlargement of the building. ']
architects' fees and trucking cos
submitted at this time were also a
cepted, bringing the total expen
ture of the city to-$8,600.
If the proposed extension is.
cepted by the CWA board, the moi
necessary for the construction wo
will be taken from the State CVO
fund, bringing the entire expen
tune to $66,261.45.
Upon the adjournment of the s:
cial session of the council, a me
ing of the committee of the whn
was held for discussion relevant
the proposed liquor ordinance, wh
will be presented for its final read
at the regular meeting next M
day night.
An amendment to the propo
ordinance stating that all beer
tablishments must close at twe
and that anyone in the store af
12:30 a. m. be liable to arrest for d


s and Die" is under the
James V. Doll, a former
tion student. Mail or-




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