THE MICHIGAN DAILY
LY OFFICIAL BULLET
lon in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
y. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
0; 11:30 a. m. Saturday.
Story Of Prohibition's
VOL. XLEV No. 38
ESDAT', NOVEMBER 8, 1933
President and Mrs. Ruthven will be
athome to students of the University
on Wednesday, November 8, from
four to six o'clock.
To Deans, Directors, Department
heads and Others Responsible for
Payrolls: If you have not already
done so, please call at the Business
Office to approve payrolls.
Edna, M. Geiger,
Faculty, School 'of Education: A
specia meeting of the Faculty of the
School of Education will be held in
the Library of the Elementary School
on Monday, November 13, at 7:30
p. m. the purpose of this meeting
is to give opportunity for the dis-
'ission of the organization and work
of certain .units of the School of Ed-
C. O. Davis, Secretary.
Candidates for Rhodes Scholar-
:sIp: Letters have been sent to pros-
pective candidates for Rhodes Schol-
arships for the meeting Thursday p.
n. (Nov. 9). In case any candidate
fails to receive such notice, he should
ucall upon or telephone the secretary
of the history department for an ap-
pointment with the committee.
Arthur Lyon Cross.
Registration: All students inter-
ested in securing positions after
*raduation in February, June, or Au-
-gust, -will meet in Natural Science
Auditorium, Thursday, Nov. 9, at
4:15. This is' for both seniors and
graduate students, and applies to
those interested in either teaching or
University Bureau of Appointments
=and Occupational Information.
University Bureau of Appointments
& Occupational Information: The
following Civil Service Examinations
have been announced:
Assistant psychologist, $2,600 to
-Agricultural Economists, $2,600 to
Announcements are on file at the
office, 201 Mason Hall.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of incom-
pletes will be Saturday, November 18.
In' cases of extenuating circum-
stances this time limit may be ex-
tended, but a petition for extension of
'time must be filed in the office of
the secretary, on or before Saturday,
the .28th of 'November.
A. H. Lovell,
Assistant Dean and
R.O.T.C. Uniforms. Please call for
uWforms today between 8:00 and
4:30 p. in. at R.O.T.C. Headquarters.
Women's Field Hockey: Games in
the sub-tournament, are:
Sophomore II vs. Freshman II.
Freshman III vs. University High
Women's Field Hockey: The sched-
ule for the Interclass Hockey Tour-
Thursday, November 9-
Freshmen vs. Seniors
Sophomores vs. Juniors.
Chemical Engineering Seminar: Mr.
Ralph Higbie -wifl be the speaker at
the Seminar at 4 o'clock in room
3201 W. Engineering Building on the
subject, "Liquid-film-coefficients of
Gas Absorption During Short Expo-
Luncheon for Graduate Students:
at Russian Tea Room of Michigan
League. Dean Huber, of the Graduate
School, will speak informally about
Graduate Students are
invited to tea' today at
Ruthven's residence from
Quarterdeck Society: Short busi-
ness meeting at 7:30 p. m. in room
Phi Sigma: Meeting at 8:30 p. m.
in Room 1139 N. S. Miss Elzada
Clover will speak on "Scientific Pos-
sibilities in Texas." Election of new
members will be held. It is important
that every member be present. Note
the change in time made to allow
those attending Zoology Seminar
the same evening to come.
Freshman Engineers: The election
of Class Officers for the ensuing
year will be conducted in Room 348
West Engineering Building at 11:00
p. m. during the period usually al-
lotted to- Freshman Assembly. Bring
Treasurer's Receipt or Identification
Card for identification.
Sphinx: Meeting Wednesday noon
at the Union.
Vanguard Club wishes to extend
a special invitation to women stu-
dents to attend its meeting at 9 p. m.
Everyone is welcome.
'Ensian Business Staff: Meeting of
staff and tryouts at 4:10 p. m. Bring
sales books to be checked.
Women's Varsity Debating: All
women interested in debating will
meet in Room 4006 Angell Hall at
4 p. m. for an open discussion of the
University Girls' Glee Club: Reg-
ular rehearsal at the League, 7:15
sharp. All members must be present.
Michigan Singers and Varsity Glee
Club: There will be a short rehearsal
today at 5:00 in the Glee Club
rooms in the Union for all those who
are to sing at the Iowa game. Anyone
who is interested in singing is wel-
come. There will also be short re-
hearsals at Ferry Field on Thursday
and Friday at 5:00 p. m. Please be
prompt. No Glee Club rehearsal
Why Do We Suffer? If you are in-
terested in an answer to this ques-
tion come to the meeting of The
Theosophical Club (No. 50 of Point
Loma, Calif.) in the League Building,
at 8 p. m. The object of this club
is to study Theosophy as a means
of gaining a deeper understanding of
life's purpose and of raising human
standards on intellectual, ethical, and
Harris Hall: The Cabinet in charge
of the student activities at the Hall
has decided to continue the Wednes-
day afternoon teas which are in the
nature of an open house where games
of various kinds and cards are played.
Tea will be served this afternoon
from four to six. All students and
their friends are cordially invited.
Interfraternity Council: Regular
monthly meeting in the Council
rooms in the Union at 7:30 p. m.
Stump Speakers' Society: There
will be a special pledge review meet-
ing at 7:30 p. m. in room 316 of the
Michigan Union. Regular circle meet-
ings start at 8:00 p. m. At 8:45 there
will be a general legislative assembly
open to the public. Allregularmem-
bers and pledges please note.
Sunday, Nation, Volstead,
Capone, Sabin, Boole In
Dry Years' History
By MARK BARRON
NEW YORK, Nov. 7.-(RP)--Thir-
teen years of prohibition! Now al-
most the end.
It began long before midnight Jan-
uary 16, 1920 . Before that win-
try evening when thousands of sa-
loons, thrusting farewell gifts of old
brandies and whiskies upon favored
customrs, closed their doors for the
last time . . . When Wayne B.
Wheeler accompanied Senator Morris
Sheppard, author of the Eighteenth
Amendment, to a little church in
Washington to await the minute that
liquor would cease to be legal
When the Rev. Billy Sunday, speak-
ing in Norfolk, Va., shouted, "Good-
bye, John. You were God's worst
enemy. You were hell's best friend.
I hate you with a perfect hatred."
Has Early Origin
It began, not as prohibition, but
as temperance movements in those
early pioneer days when the colo-
nists first thought of rebelling
against Great Britain's increasing
taxation. The prophetic wave rolling
up towards actual prohibition was
felt shortly before the Civil war, died
down during that conflict and ap-
peared again in 1869 when the Na-
tional Prohibition Society was organ-
ized in Chicago.
Four years later, meeting in Den-
ver, they sent a presidential candi-
date into the field, but he polled
only a few more than 5,000 votes as
U. S. Grant was swept into the White
Maine voted dry in 1846 and Kan-
sas wrote prohibition into its con-
stitution in 1880, but the actual pros-
pect of national abstinence was first
suggested, and forcibly so, by a
It was militant Carry Nation, with
righteousness turned to fury glinting
from her stormy eyes, who hurled a
'reforming hatchet into the sparkling
show windows of the liquor interests.
That was in the early '90's.
Wartime Bill Vetoed
Carry Nation, unrelenting war-
rior, organized the women against
the saloon, just as Mrs. Charles H.
Sabin, gray haired and attractive,
was later, in1930, to organize the
women against what former (Presi-
dent Hoover referred to, in 1928, as
"an experiment, noble in purpose."
The first obvious prohibition at-
tempts in Congress were seen in 1913,
but the dry cause adherents were
not strong enough. Yet they were
quickly organizing and their oppor-
tunity for a coup d'etat came when
this country went into the World
A war-time prohibition measure
was passed, but President Wilson,
quoting the theory that the liberty
of the individual should not be in-
terfered with, vetoed it. Nevertheless
it was put through as a rider on the
After the war Wilson suggested
that this measure be repealed, but
it was not necessary. The Eighteenth
Amendment had been written, was
put through and ratified, although
Rhode Island and Connecticut never
consented to approve it.
An article of the constitution is
-Associated Press Photo
Joseph V. McKee, Recovery candi-
date for mayor of New York, lost out
to Fiorello H. La Guardia, Fusion
candidate, in yesterday's election.
not self-enforcing; it needs a statute
for that. So the Volstead law went
on the job as policeman for the meas-
ure stating that no more intoxicating
liquors could be sold after January
Era To Last 13 Years
The era of prohibition had ar-
rived, an era that was to last 13
years as it wrote an extraordinary
epoch into American history.
Prohibition started its reign as an
enthusiasm. Famous industrial mag-
nates, as well as statesmen, mem-
bers of the clergy and reform leaders,
wholeheartedly endorsed it. Henry
Ford said, "Liquor had to go out
when modern industry and the motor
car came in. John D. Rockefeller, Jr.,
who was later to repudiate it as a
failure, was one of its most ardent
The Anti-Saloon League predicted:
"Crime will be reduced by at least
one-half," and William "Pussyfoot"
Johnson, who had lost an eye as the
result of an injury in an anti-dry
riot, thought that "the world will be
dry by 1950."
That was in 1920, but a few years
later there was evidence that the
tide was turning back-slowly, true,
but unmistakably. In 1923 New York
r - - - - - - - - - - -
repealed its state enforcement act
and several other states followed suit.
Maryland never had one.
Prohibition brought on an almost
insoluble melange of problems, both
in legislative and enforcement phases.
The amendment clashed with the
spirit of many older laws, as in the
case of the famed Michigan incident
when a mother was sentenced to
prison for life for selling a pint of
whiskey. It happened to be her fourth
offense; she was guilty under a law
designed to put away habitual crim-
inals. After this incident, Michigan
changed the law.
The liquor industry was outlawed,
ahd there seeped in a far-reaching
tvi-derworld of an entirely different
character from that of the past.
"Rum Row," with its smuggling
ships, lined up outside the 12-mile
,limnit off the Atlantic seaboard.
Bootleggers,lime a quickly flourish-
rjg insidious growth, spread their
tentacles from coast to coast.
Speakeasies suddenly sprang up
behind thousands of darkened, ob-
scure doorways. (Item: In New York
City alone, the police department es-
timated in 1929, there were 38,000
Underworld czars like Al Capone,
"Legs" Diamond, Owney Madden,
Dion O'Banion, Vannie Higgins, Vin-
cent Coll, Dutch Schultz, Big Bill
Dwyer and Waxy Gordon burst into
prominence - they became front-.
page figures, parading their activities
before a nation that finally turned
and closed in upon them.
"I Give It to Them"
Capone, riding in an armored lim-
ousine and giving his friends dia-
mond-studded belt buckles as souve-
nirs, said: "Chicago wants beer, and
I give it to them." Now he has given
up his fortress-estate in Florida for
a prisoner's cell in the penitentiary
O'Banion, connoisseur of rare or-
chids, was shot to death by rivals.
His funeral, with the aid of a $50,-
000 bronze coffin, was one that would
have made envious an Egyptian king.
Diamond, who had "taken on
weight" from gangster bullets and
was reputed a darling of Broadway
show girls, was killed in a dingy
rooming house in Albany. A whole
mob of hoodlums were lined up in a
Chicago garage and mowed down in
the noted St. Valentine's day mas-
sacre. Coll was dispatched via a ma-
chine gun as he stood in a telephone
booth. Schultz simply disappeared.
Such are typical of the careers of
-Associated Press Photo
John P. O'Brien, Tammany Hall
candidate for mayor of New York ran:
third to Fiorello H. La Guardia and
Joseph McKee, his two chief oppo-
nents, in the election yesterday. La-
Guardia won out.,
the feudal gangster lords, in the mod-
ern manner, who rose to power in
the prohibition era.
A change in The Tide
The tide was turning again. Pro-
hibition forces, for the first time
since 1920, were being confronted
with a growing opposition. So, in
1929, came the Jones "5 and 10" law,
a stringent measure to send prohibi-
tion evaders to prison. But juries were
loath to convict under this law.
In the meantime, international
complications came into the parade.
There was the case of the Canadian
vessel, "I'm Alone," whose crew was
captured off New Orleans because the
ship was suspected of being a rum
runner. The incident became a se-
rious international problem since li-
quor, banned on American craft, was
not illegal on a Canadian vessel.
The United States conferred with
foreign powers. Treaties were made
with many of them giving this coun-
try the right to control liquor traffic
on foreign carriers when they were
within United States waters. Foreign
ships, arriving here, had to have their
Third In Mayor Race
liquor stores sealed until they were
outside the 12-mile limit again.
In 1928 and '29, the prohibitionists
initiated their great drive to stave off
the increasing repeal sentiment. Sen-
ator Borah set aside his foreign af-
fairs interests for a moment to be-
come leader of the prohibitionists in
Bishop James Cannon, Jr., became
more active than ever, but the change
of feeling even in the south was seen
when Senator Carter Glass, of Vir-
ginia, long an ardent prohibitionist,
proposed to liberalize the Eighteenth
Mrs. Ella Boole, president of the
W.C.T.U., even to the end believed
that "as long as woman suffrage
stands, the Eighteenth Amendment
will stand also."
The 1928 presidential campaign
was an outright onslaught against
the prohibitionists. Dr. F. Scott Mc-
Bride and his Anti-Saloon League
adherents found themselves faced
with bitter opposition from camps
headed by Democratic Presidential
Nominee Al Smith and Albert H.
Ritchie, the liberal, aristocratic gov-
ernor of Maryland.
Hoover was elected, but there were
indications that the prohibitionists
were being pushed onto the defensive.
Depression Gives Impetus
There came the depression in 1929,
and the survival or repeal of the
Eighteenth Amendment became not
only a moral and a social but also
an economic question.
The 1930 elections, reflecting the
changing pulse of the country, ran
up warning flags. In the Senate there
were 24 as against a previous total
of 14 anti-prohibitionists. The House
of Representatives had 162 instead of
76 members in favor of repeal.
The most telling offensive against
prohibition came in the national con-
yentions of 1932. The Republicans
favored re-submission of the Eigh-
teenth Amendment to the people; the
Democrats would accept only outright
The Democrats swept into office,
and President Roosevelt, in quick,
decisive action, asked for beer and
light wines. Fast on the heels of that
came the bid for repeal.
MATINEES 10c - NIGHTS 15c
Starting Today !
"H EADIN' FOR
DAY AND EVENING
Enter Any Monday
State and William Streets
Gla Week Starts NOV. 12,
on STAGE! T ROBERT HENDERSON presents
TheOriginal STAGE Play - NOT a Picture!
The Grandest PLAY
you ever saw!
George Kaufman and Edna Ferber's Sensational Success
"You will find 'Dinner at 8' an exhilarating adventure" -Free Press
NOTE THESE PRICES:
NIGHTS: Main Floor $1.10 - $1.65 - Balcony 83c - 55c (incl. tax)
MATINEES: Main Floor 83c - Balcony 55c - 25c (inc. tax)
Tickets Now On Sale at Majestic Box Office
-- - ili d
11-- ________ ------_ ________ -- ----- _-- = = I I
Bowling: The bowing alleys at the
Women's Athletic Building will be
open every afternoon and evening
beginning Monday, November 13.
University women may bowl every
afternoon from 4 to 6; the charge is
,five cents per string. University
women and men accompanied by
women may bowl every evening from
.7 to '9 and Saturday afternoon from
3 to 5. The charge in the evening is
fifteen 'cents per string.-
Lectures And Concerts
Fritz Kreisler Concert: Fritz Kreis-
ler, violinist, with Carl Lamson, ac-
companist, will give the following
program in the Second Choral Union
Concert, Thursday evening, Novem-.
ber 9, at 8:15 o'clock, in Hill Audi-
torium: Grieg: Sonata, C minor (for
piano and violin) Allegro molto ap-
passionato-Allegretto espressiva alla
romanza - Allegro animato; Bach:
Chacconne (for violin alone); Schu-
bert: Impromptu; Mozart: Rondo;
Tschaikowsky: Andante Cantabile;
Rimsky-Korsakoff-Kreisler: Hymn to
the Sun; Four Caprices: J. B. Car-
tier: La Chasse; Wieniawski: Salta-
rello: 'Paganini: B-minor; Paganini:
'A limited number of season tickets
are still'available at $5.00, $7.00, $8.50
and $10.00 each. Tickets for indi-
vidual concerts at $1.00, $1.50 and
$200 each, at office of School of'
Music, Maynard Street.1
Edna St. Vincent Millay Lecture:
Tickets are now on sale at Wahr's
State Street Store for Miss Millay's
program which is to be given in Hill
. NOW! CHIGA
ihan thei OLD, FAMILY/ ALBUM
Applied Mechanics Colloquium: I.
A. Wojtaszak - "Bending of Thin
Tubes"; Prof. R. A. Dodge-Review
of Literature. Meeting will be held in
Room 445 West Engineering Bldg.,
Thursday, Nov. 9, at 7:30 p. m.
Observatory Journal Club will meet
at 4:15 Thursday, November 9, in the
Observatory lecture room. Dr. W. C.
Rufus will speak on the Class O Star,
B.D.-|-56 deg. 2617. Tea will be
served at 3:45.
Vanguard Club: Fenner Brockway,
Chairman of the British Independent
Labor Party, and Member of Parlia-
ment, will speak at Lane Hall at 4:15
Thursday, on "Labor Defies War."
The public is cordially invited to at-
Cosmopolitan Club: Meeting will be
held in Lane Hall on Saturday, Nov.'
11, at 8 p. m. Professor Angell, of
the Sociology Department, will speak
p. m. The program will take the
form of a welcome to members who
were absent on leave last year. They
will narrate some of their experi-
ences. Members may bring friends.
Please note change of day from Fri-
day to Saturday.
Polonia Literary Circle meeting,
Thursday, November 9, at 8 p. m.,
Michigan League. Elections of offi-
cers will take place. All members are
urged to attend.
Badminton: There will be a meet-
ing for all women students interested
in Badminton in the lounge of the
Women's Athletic Building on Satur-
day, November 11, at 11:15. There
will be an election of interclass man-
Women's Field Hockey: Following
the Interclass Field Hockey games on
November 9 at 5:30, there will be a
Hockey Spread in the Women's Ath-
letic Building. All interested are
asked to sign up with their class
manager at once.
THE Y EAR'S BIG FOOTBALL ROMANCE!
with Robert Young, Leila Hyaims and All-American Stars
From the Saturday Evening Post Story by LUCIAN CARY
LAST OPPORTUNITY TO SEE
GO BEFORE IT CLOSES.
Leave Ann Arbor on certain trains carrying coaches,
next Friday and Saturday.
Day and Evening Classes
- also --
nmr "n' natc eoy
vf ~ lvImI I