THE MliCHIGAN DAILY
modern tradition in the acting of the play-with
Shylock wearing his red hair of older days and no
doubt being much less the play's hero.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Associa-
tion and, the Big Ten News' Service.
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Offices: Student Publications Building, Maynard Street,
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Inc., 40 East Thirty -Fourth Street, New York City; 80
Boylston Street, Boston; 612 North. Michigan Avenue,
MANAGING EDITOR............FRANK B. GILBUETH
CITY EDITOR ........................ KARL SEIFFERT
SPORTS EDITOR..................JOHN W. THOMAS
WOMEN'S EDITOR.... ......MARGARET O'BRIEN
ASSISTANT WOMEN'S EDITOR......MIRIAM CARVER
NIGHT EDITORS: Thomas Connellan, Norman F. Kraft,
John W. Pritchard, Joseph A. Renihan, C. Hart Schaaf,
Brackley Shaw, Glenn R. Winters.
SPORTS ASSISTANTS: L. Ross Bain, Fred A. Huber,
Albert Newman, Harold Wolfe.
REPORTERS: Hyman J. Aronstam, Charles Baird, A.
Ellis Ball, Charles G. Barndt, James L. Bauchat, Donald
F. Blakertz, Charles B. Brownson, Arthur W. Carstens,
Ralph G. Coulter William G. Ferris, Sidney Frankel,
Eric Hall, John C. Healey, Robert B.'Hewett' George M.
Holmes, Walter E. Morrison, Edwin W. iichardson,
John Simpson. George Van Veck, Guy M. Whipple, Jr.,
W. Stoddard White.
Katherine Anning, Barbara Bates, Marjorie E. Beck,
Eleanor B. Blumh, Maurine Burnside, Ellen Jane Cooley,
Louise Crandall, Dorothy Dishman, Anne Dunbar,
Jeanette Duff, Carol J. Hanan, Lois Jotter, Helen Levi-
son, Frances J. Manchester, Marie J. Murphy, Eleanor
Peterson, Margaret D. Phalan, Katherine Rucker, Harriet
Spiess, Marjorie Western.
BUSINESS MANAGER................BYRON C. VEDDERa
CREDIT MANAGER ........... ..... .. HARRY BEGLEY
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGHR.... BECKER
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS: Advertising, Grafton Sharp;
Advertising Contracts, Orvil Aronson; Advertising Serv-
ice, Noel Turner; Accounts, Bernard E. Schnacke; Cir-
culation, Gilbert E. Buraley; Publications, Robert E.
ASSISTANTS: Jack Bellamy, Gordon Boylan, Allen Cleve-
land, Charles Ebert, Jack Efroymson, Fred Hertrick,;
Joseph Hume, Allen Knuusi, Russell Read, Fred Rogers,
Lester Skinner, Joseph Sudow, Robert Ward. j
Elizabeth Aigler, Jane Bassett, Beulah Chapman, Doris
Gimmy, Billy Griffiths, Virginia Hartz Catherine Mc-1
Henry, Helen Olson, Helen Schmude, May Seefried,
SATURDAY, JAN. 28, 1933
Which brings up the old dispute: what sort of
erson did Shakespeare mean Shylock to be--and
if we knew definitely, should that make any dif-
ference in the modern interpretation?
There is no record in existence, except the play
itself, that gives any information on Shake-
speare's attitude toward Shylock. The first criti-
cism of it that has survived comes from the
early days of the Restoration, when Lord Lands-
downe rewrote Shakespeare (without superlative
success) and made Shylock into a red-headed
comic. His highly popular version held the stage
for forty years.
In 1741, Charles Mackin, a London actor-man-
ager, announced a new production of "The Mer-
chant of Venice." He surprised, and then de-
lighted, a brilliant court audience by turning Shy-
lock inside-out, making a tragic hero from a
That was the beginning of the modern tradi-
tion which has seen Shylock more intellectual,
more center-stage, every day,. down through
Kean, Booth, Kemble, Irving. With David War-
field, as Eaton points out, the beginning of a re-
action set in. For it soon became apparent that
with Shylock the important character he has be-
come, Shakespeare's last act (in which he does
not appear) becomes unnecessary and almost
cheap in spite of its poetic appeal..
The present day divergence of theories on Shy-
lock remain at that point. Shakespeare was too
good a craftsman to write that last scene without
needing it, and Shylock was in fact merely a.
very interesting villain in Elizabethan eyes, some
What is that?-say their opponents-If the
play gains importance, as it certainly has, with a;
sympathetic Shylock, why make a change?
Warfield tried to make his Shylock a smaller
character-a humble man caught by circum-
stances-and thus restore some unity of the play.
As we remember (and we weren't at a hypercrit-
ical age) he failed to some extent. The character
remained big in spite of him, and consequently
you were left with little sympathy for the lovers
who gambol romantically to a happy ending
through the final scene. "On such a night--" TheX
lines were lovely and Belasco's set glowingly
pretty-but somehow the memory of Shylock'st
unfair tragedy rankled,
Perhaps in next week's production Mr. Hender-
son can help to clear the situation by going on
where the Belasco-Warfield production left the
reactionary movement. He will not, naturally, gof
back to the Landsdowne tradition, but will prob-
ably try to synthesize the old and new and bringt
forth a unified "Merchant of Venice." There's
a fighting chance that next Monday night will bet
important in theatrical history.t
between the teeth and worked back and forth,
thus cleansing an area of the tooth not readily
accessible to a brush.
By following this simple procedure, a good
status of oral hygiene can be maintained, which,
coupled with regular visits to one's dentist and
the liberal use of X-ray facilities, will reduce the
dental care to a minimum and assure a cleaner
and healthier oral cavity.
Q - _ ...._.._. _.._M ._.. . .._.r ...._.,.,. .,_
Criminologists have been wailing for years that
American penal institutions are schools which
turn out professional criminals. Evidence in sup-
port of their contentions has not been lacking.
Now, a new era of education invades our peni-
tentiaries. Inmates, instead of using their spare
time to be tutored by accomplished safe-crackers,
kidnappers, and murderers, are taking courses
under professional men and scholars who are
criminals only incidentally.
The Stateville and Joliet Penitentiaries of Il-
linois recently began a course with 22 convict-stu-
dents. The curricula consists of English composi-
tion, English literature, mathematics, history,
Spanish and Latin. The faculty includes an at-
torney, an engineer, and several students, all of
whom are serving sentences.
We are hesitant to recommend that more men
with teaching qualifications enter penal institu-
tions until we observe the products of this ex-
periment. Undoubtedly they will be vieing with
college graduates for positions.
Seriously, we do commend the idea of giving an
inmate of a prison the opportunity to spend his
time in a more profitable way than plotting fu-
ture crimes and learning new criminal devices.
--Ohio State Lantern
Another semester is rolling around, and
many of, the Michigan student body are
looking for rooms. Today, yesterday, and
eons back, smart ladies have used the
"For Rent" columns of The Michigan
Daily to find tenants for their vacant
rooms, and have gotten results. Phone
today and place your ad with us for
Sunday's paper and the J-Hop extra.
Rates are unbelievably low.
The attitude of students towards "commercial-
ized football" is adequately shown by a poll of
candidates for student offices at the University of
Washington, which was conducted by the daily
paper at that institution.
In answer to the question, "Do you favor con-
tinuance of commercialized football at Washing-
ton as opposed to a 'sports for sports sake' pro-
gram?" five of six candidates who answered said
The most common reason was that "To com-
pete with .other schools it is necessary. The pub-
lic demands a football team, and commercializa-
tion is the means to that end."
If this is an indication of the student's attitude,
there is something radically wrong with his no-
tions of college.
We believe that football is a game.. When it
becomes a means of the college's serving as a buf-
foon to the man in the street, the game should be
There is no reason why the college should
seek to answer the demands of the general public
Colleges cease to be institutions of education in
the same proportion as they yield to the public
lemands for entertainment. If the business of ed-
ucation is not serious enough to justify itself
without yielding to this demand, it has little place
in the scheme of things.
--Colorado Silver and Gold
Professor Hayden And
The Pi lippinBill
P ROF. JOSEPH R. HAYDEN, of the
political science department, has
denounced the Philippine independence bill as
"sordid, selfish, and serving special interests in
this country rather than either the country as a
whole or the Philippines." And he has voiced the
opinion that the islands would probably look with
similar ill-favor on the measure.
It must be gratifying for Professor Hayden to
read that many Filipinos are reacting precisely as
he believed they should and probably would. Ac-
cording to the current issue of Time, "No bells
rang," when it was announced that the bill had
passed, apathy toward it was everywhere appa-
rent, and Manuel Quezon, head of the majority
party in the islands, termed it "unjust and .ab-
surd." And evidence that the people will never
accept it is seen in the plan of Mr. Quezon to
visit Washington in the spring and present de-
mands for "immediate independence."
Even a cursory study of the bill and Professor
Hayden's observations upon it, persuade us that
we must hope that it will fail to be accepted, for
it would impose such injustice upon the islands
that our national reputation would inevitably suf-
fer tarnishment. It provides:
That the United States is to be granted a per-
petual right to maintain a military base in the
That during the ten years before the proposed
independence is to take effect, no restrictions are
to be imposed by the islands on the U. S. exports,
although limitations are to be imposed by the
United States on the qualities of the most im-
portant products of the islands exported to this
That during these ten years, Americans in un-
limited numbers are to be permitted to enter the
islands, while onl, 50 Filipinos are to be admitted
each year to this country.
The sum of these clauses and many more of
similarly patent unfairness contains every pro-
vision to wring money, prestige, and blood from
the islands that the comparatively few American
Shylocks who backed the bill could devise..
So we agree with Professor Hayden that the bill'
is a bad one, and hope with him that it will not
be accepted by the islands it so insidiously pre-
tends it would free,
' . , @eA
Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous communications will be disregard-
ed. The names of communicants will, however, be re-
garded as confidential upon request. Contributors are
asked to be brief, confining themselves to less than
300 words if possible.
COMMUNIST PLACED IN CHAIN GANG
To The Editor:
Another case of terrorization in the South has
again come to the notice of the public.
Homer Barton, former student of Carnegie
Tech, was arrested in Tampa, Florida for no
other reason than that of being a Communist.
The defendant was not allowed to see an attor-
ney until just before the trial. Also when three
young men and a girl came to see Barton they
were immediately arrested on the same charge,
that of being Communists. After a speedy trial
Barton was convicted. Ile was released on a writ
of habeas corpus pending the repeal of the trial.
He was again arrested as he left the jail and this
time sentenced to the chain gang for five days.
As usual the police officials picked out the worst
gang for him. They took him to a place where
rattlesnakes abound in great numbers, probably
with the hope that Homer Barton would not re-
turn. On the way to this place where they were
supposed to work, another prisoner attempted to
talk to Barton. The guards jumped on both Bar-
ton and the other prisoner and almost killed
both of them. Anyone who has seen the movie
"Fugitive from a Chain Gang" can appreciate the
brutal treatment that Barton is receiving.
The Communist Party is a legal party. It is un-
constitutional to arrest anyone for their political
beliefs. I believe that it is the duty of every stu-
dent and faculty member who believes in the
right of free thought to write a letter of protest
to Chief of Police Logan of Tampa, Florida.
S tudent HealIt h
HYGIENE OF THE MOUTH
The oral cavity in the cleanest of mouths per-
haps contains more organisms than there have
been individuals upon the surface of the earth
since the origin of man. These bacteria exist and
multiply from the time of birth to life's end in
a media which is conducive to their development.
Since this condition is always existent, it is only
natural that the mouth should be taken care of
most scrupulously in an endeavor to keep this
flora reduced to a minimum and thus attempt to
cut down the possibilities of infection.
Dr. Mayo a few years ago said, "Seventy-five
per cent of the infections of an individual have
their portal of entrance above the collar." Others
since that time have increased this estimate to as
high as ninety per cent. Now it is very evident
that the mouth is so extremely important to the
physical welfare of the individual that it is very
necessary to use the most precautionary measures
to assnre oneself of maintaining its health 'T'hi
By Karl Seiflert-
The Carnegie Tech student who got an answer
to a calculus problem by short wave radio from
the University of Texas, 1,000 miles away, broke
the Michigan record of three vacant seats in Na-
tural Science Auditorium by more than 999 miles.
We have been unable to substantiate the rumor
that ex-Mayor Walker, during the Seabury inves-
tigation, declared: "Ninety per cent of the lies
being told about me are untrue."
BILL WOULD CHEAPEN
HUNTING AND FISHING
Well nuts to Bill.
Plans are under way to mgke the turtle who
lived three days in a lethal gas chamber in Spo-
kane the mascot of Huey Long's legislative under-
NEWS ITEM: "Five women and 11 men were
arrested at 3 a. m. today in the Silver Slipper cab-
aret and blind pig at Grand River Ave. and Fifth
St. when police discovered the place open in vio-
lation of the new 2 a. m. closing order." Two
a. m. for speakeasies, eh? How late are the stick-
up men allowed to work?
NOW ALMOST EXTINCT
In a couple of hours the snakes won't
bother you so much either.
Chicago's Mayor Cermak is flat on his bacl
with a sore throat, but as soon as he's better he's
going to talk over the city budget with his cab-
inet. Going, as it were, from bed to worse.
CHURCH E. W. Blakeman, Director FOUNDATION
State and Washington Streets Cor. E. Univ. Ave. and Oakland
6:30 P.M.-Prof. O. J. Campbell of Dr. Bernard Heller, Director
Ministers the English Department of the
Frederick B. Fisher Univer .itywill speak on "Culture
Peter F. Stair and the Machine Age." s
6:30 P.M.-The Graduate Forum will
hold a discussion.
10:45-Morning Worship 11:15 A.M.-Regular Sunday services
3:30 .?11.-The Oriental-American at the Women's League Chapel.
group will have a discussion on Dr. Bernard Heller will speak.
"HOW TO LIVE A LIFE the "Indian Non-violence." Subject:
9:30 A.M.-The regular classes for "THE STUDENT AND THE
Dr. Frederick B. Fisher freshmen and undergrads. HILLEL FOUNDATION"
7:30-Evening Worship 5:30 P.M.-There will be a joint 8:00 P.M.--Open House at the Foun-
Fellowship hour with the Presby- dation.
"THE RUSSIAN INFLUENCE terian group which will be held at
IN ASIA" Wesley Hall.
THE FIRST FIRST BAPTIST
CHURCH East Huron, West of State
R. Edward Sayles, Minister
Huron and Division Streets O OT Howard R. Chapman, University
Merle H. Anderson. Minister Pastor
Alfred Lee Klaer, Associate Minister N EGL ECT 9:30 A.M.-The Church School. Mr.
Wallace Watt, Superintendent.
9:30 A.M - student Classes at the -i10:45 A.M.-Morning Worship Ser-
Church House, 1432 Washtenaw mon by Mr. Sayles, on THE
Avenue. BURIED TALENT.
Music by Chorus Choir
10:45A.M.--Morning Worship. RELIGIOUS 12 Noon-The Student Class at Guild
Dr. Anderson will preach on "The 6ous eM.-student meetin at Guild
Prerogative of Partnership: Do- ACT IVII ES House. Miss Gertrude Mceulloch,
minin,"thethir intheseris *' ** HGrad., in School of Music, who
"Christ and the Modern Crisis." has spent eleven years teaching
music in the Union Girls' School,
5:30 P.M.-The Young People wll Hangchow. China, will speak on
:30 .M.-he Yung ill"Bottom Side Up."
meet with the Methodist Student A social hour and refreshments
Guild at Wesley HallrO.J. Camp- after the program.
bell will speak on "Culture and
THE SHYLOCK TRADITION
An Informative Essay by George Spelvin
Mainly Swiped from Walter Pritchard
Eaton and Two Encyclopedias
Robert Henderson has announced that his De-
troit Civic Theatre will be the scene of a thea-
trical revolution next week, when his own inter-
Enough telephone wires, says the Chicago Trib-
une, are used in New York City to reach 35 times
to the moon. And if the Tribune's readers were
laid end to end they would yawn.
Whereas a New York m n mnil nlnwd oiawav
Third and West Liberty
O. A. Brauer, Pastor
Sunday, January 29
9:30 A.M.-Service in German.
Washington St. at 5th Ave.
R. C. Stellhorn, pastor
9 A.Iv-'Bible -Sec ol. Lessoni Topic:
South Fourth Avenue
Theodore Schmale, Pastor
8:00 A.M.-Bible School
"JESUS AND THE SABBATH"
I I----------------- -~