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nation. And it is a well known fact that von
Schleicher has been the virtual dictator of Ger-
many for some months past, Von Papen having
been a puppet of the military leader.
Now, the question naturally arising from a con-
sideration of these facts is, exactly what is the
case for the dictator? There are those in America
today who are growing just a bit dubious as to the
efficacy of Democracy; they see the dictatorship
as a possible means of centralizing and uniting the
various bickering political elements which, under
the present regime, seem totally unable to work in
harmony. What is the case for the dictator-or
The answer is this: America is not ready for
a dictatorship. To American ideals, such a gov-
ernment would be highly repellent. Socialism is
feasible; not only is it feasible, but it is rapidly
becoming a logical form. But dictatorship is not
Dictatorship, as tested by various nations in
Europe, has been demonstrated to be an iron
gauntlet, pressing on the necks of the people. The
nations who are beneath the thumb of a dictator
think they are happy and peaceful; they are
peaceful, but not happy-merely blissfully igno-
rant of the true state of affairs. In Italy, Mus-
solini has taken over most of the government
functions, and dominates those cabinet offices
which are not actually his. Russia is little better
than a huge production plant. Poland alone has
a logical excuse for being what it is: it is neces-
sary there that its internal structure be built up
to a point where individual suffering and poverty
may decrease, and Poland take her rightful place
among nations of the world.
The final result of a military dictatorship is
this: the essence of individual initiative is sapped
until there is nothing left of it. Conceive, if you
can, the United States without individual initia-
tive. A huge factory-a government wherein en-
terprise is sacrificed in order that the country
may present a more united front to the world.
We believe in a certain amount of government
supervision over individual enterprise-more, in
fact, than now exists-so as to promote a higher
degree of individual security. But, essentially, the
fact of individualism must stand. It cannot,
under a dictatorship.I
MAAGING EDITOR.............FRANK B. GIBRETH
CITY EDITOR........................KtARL SEIFFERT
SPORTS EDITOR.................JOHN W. THOMAS
WOMEN'S EDITOR.................MARGARET O'BRIEM
ASSISTANT WOMEN'S EDITOR.......MIRIAM CARVER
NGHT EDITORS Thon~s Connellan, Norman F. Kraft,
'John W. Pritchard. C. Hart Schaaf,NBrackley Shaw,
Glenn R. Winters.
SPORTS ASSISTANTS: Fred A. Huber, Albert Newman.
REPORTERS: Hyman J. Aronstam, A. Ellis Ball, Charlms
. Barndt, James Bauchat, Donald R. Bird, Donald F.
Blankertz, Charles B. Brownson, Albert L. Burrows,
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William G. Ferris, Eric Hall, John C. Healey, Robert B.
Hewvett, George M. Holmes, Walter E. Morrison, George
Va Veck, Guy M. Whipple, Jr., W. Stoddard White.
Eleanor B. Blum, Louise Crandall, Carol J. Hannan
Frances Manchester, Marie J Murphy, Margaret C.
Phalan, Katherine Rucker, Marjorie Weston, Harriet
BUSINESS MANAGER...........BYRON C. VEDDER
CREDIT MANAGER...................HARRY BEGLEY
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER.......DONNA BECKER
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS: Advertising, Grafton Sharp;
Advertising Contracts Orvl Aronson; Advertising Serv-
ice, Noel Turner; Accounts, Bernard E. Shnacke -Ci-
oulation, Gilbert E. Btrsley; Publications, Robert E.
ASSISTANTS: TIheodore Barash, Jack Bellamy, Gordon
Boylan, Charles Ebert, Jack Efroymson, Fred Hertrick,
Joseph Hume, Alen Knuus, Russell Read, Lester Skin-
ner, Joseph Sudow and Robert Ward.
Elizabeth Aigler, Jane Bassett, Buelah Chapman, Doris
Gimmy, Billie Griffiths, Virginia Hartz, Catherine Mc-
Henry, Helen Olson, Helen Schmude, May Seefried,
TUESDAY, NOV. 22, 1932
Football Profits And
Athletic Costs . .
A CCORDING to an official an-
nouncement through the sports
publicity department, which appeared last Satur-
day in The Daily, the Board in Control of Ath-
letics will not make any retirement payments this
year on stadium bondSs. This announcement,
which conveys the impression that the Board is
finding it difficult to finance the stadium, has
caused a great deal of speculation.
Prof. Ralph W. Aigler, chairman of the board,
has pointed out, in an open letter to The Daily,
that the term "stadium bonds" is unofficial and
misleading. He explains that the bonds were is-
sued some time ago, when Michigan's intensive
athletic program was begun, to finance, in addi-
tion to the stadium, the intramural building, im-
provements on Palmer Field House, the golf
course and generaly improved equipment in the
other major and minor sports departments.
Football, far and away the biggest money-earn-
ing sport, has financed these bonds in addition
to providing revenue for the maintenance of most
of the other sports. Football attendance in the
past has been so large that over and above carry-
ing these expenses the Board in Control has
been able to retire some of the bonds. The drop
in attendance this year has forced the Board to
choose between further retirement of the bonds
or elimination of part of the current athletic
program. Since the bonds are not due until 1946
anyway, the Board has made the obvious choice of
discontinuing for the present theretirement pay -
ments. There has hence been in no sense a de-
In his letter to The Daily Professor Aigler justly
criticized as "grossly misleading" the headline in
The Daily on the original account. Our headline
read "Athletics Fail to Support Stadium Costs."
In the light of the above information it is obvious
that this headline is not correct; stadium costs
ARE being met,
We submit, however; that this error was not due
to us. The official statement of the sports pub-
licity department spoke only of "stadium bonds."
We believe that it is pardonable to infer that the
term "stadium bonds" refers to bonds on the sta-
dium. Inasmuch as a number of other newspa-
pers, to our knowledge, made a similar error, we
recomnend that in the future the sports publicity
department use more precise language.
Of National Dictators ...
with greedy eye looked at them and set an eye.
on them. And day by day, month by month,
year by year by the most wicked and un-Christian
methods drained India's wealth and squeezed the
,food out of her children.
Now let us examine one of the innumerable
tatements made by Englishmen themselves. Lord
Clive says "of the marvelous riches of that coun-
try, and comparatively small part which I took
away, I am astonished at my own moderation."
Such were and are the morals of our protectors.
Now looking at the btidget of India set up by
British Raj, the government has shown a national
debt of India by thirty-five million in 1792; as we
advanced in years the government has shown a
remarkable improvement in their graft by increas-
ing the national debt to five hundred million in
the year 1860, and in the year 1929 this amount
increased to three and a half billion dollars and
in 1930 FOUR BILLION DOLLARS. I leave it to
the readers to decide the efficiency of the British
Government. There are innumerable statistics as
above but space and time compels me to limit
with the aforesaid.
Now if we turn our attention for a minute or
two to the Indian forces we find India has 204;-
000 soldiers which appropriate 64 per cent of In-
dia's net income. They are kept in good form, not
to keep out the festive Afridi or Afghan. P'ethaps
the following instance might' explain why they
The afternoon of April 13, 1919 was sunny and
pleasant. 10,000 Indians gathered in the Jalinwal
Bagh and were celebrating a religious festival.
The inhuman, barbarous, brutish General Mich-
ael O'Dyer was notified of the gathering. He fur-
iously agitated over the peaceful, unarmed gath-
ering of the 10,000 men, women and children;
ordered his men, who are fed by the blood of the
Indians to keep them safe from the invaders:
marched with machine guns and turned them
toward these people through the only outlet of
that enclosure and ordered to be fired. The sol-
diers did fire till the last ammunition was shot.
imagine, a flood of blood, running like a stream,
the wounded and the dead were not allowed to
be taken care of. Think a moment of the atrocities
of a civilized modern government. The General
was given an enormous amount of money as bonus
for his unspotted patriotism and above all when
he reached England he was rewarded with a
diamond sword. Justice!
There are several other instances to be spoken
of but I feel this will suffice one to understand
why the Raj keep a good army. Now think for a
moment what Gandhi says for all these things.
Win evil by good and it has proved to the Intelli-
gentsia of the world that India is going to win
her battle for right of living with justice and
liberty by NON VIOLENCE.
-K. P. Idiculla.
COLLEGE OF TIE CITY OF
NEW YORK'S PRESIDENT ROBINSON
It is not in the honor or glory of the IUniversity
of Michigan to invite, as a speaker here, so illib-
eral a president as Frederick Robinson of the
C. C. N. Y. Mr. Robinson may know all about
education. He does not know the first essen-
tial of life with reference to his attitude toward
students. Surely the students cannot have any
;respect for such a man. Can the faculty? Mr.
Robinson should no longer occupy the chair of -
any university. He should be fired in a hurry.
-A Citizen and a Taxpayer
Weather man says:
TYPEWRITERS - PORTABLE
NA SGotdr.H-and, Rebilt,
si .ACorona, Noiseless,'
314 S« State St., Ann Arbor.
alaCp u .
Plaice To Dline !
(at Reasonable Prices)
LUNCHEON . . . . 35c
DINNER . . . . 65c - 75c
Our Prompt and
Let it come ! So long as your
feet are Warm and dry, there's no
need to fear "Old Man Winter".
Go to the Ball-Band dealer to-
day. Let him fit you
with rubbers, gai-
ters or arctics-so
your feet will
laugh at snow
puddles-so trim and smart that
they challenge your daintiest
shoes. And remember Ball-Band
footwear gives longer wear.
Be sure to ask for Ball-Band by
name and look
for the Red Ball
fore you buy.
& Woolen Mfg. Co.;
BUILT-T0-THE-FOOT " RUBBERS " GAITERS
ARCTICS'" SANDALS." CANVAS SPORT SHOES
106 South Main
The Farmers and Mechanics Bank
For over forty-eight years the savings, corn-
mercial and trust departments of this institu-
tion have served the people of this territory.
We invite you to let us serve you as well.
FARMERS AND MECHANICS BANK
100 ENGRAVED CARDS
and PLATE, $1.75
- Any Style -
AVIS & OLINGER
109-111 E. Washington St.
Phone 8132 Second Floor
State St. at Nickels Arcade
Main and Huron Sts.
Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily.'Anonymous comnuneatlons will be disregard-
ed. The names of communicants will, however, be re-
garded as confidential upon request. Contributors are
asked to be brief. conning themselves to less than
300 words if possible.
MPRE SSIONS OF POLAND
ro The Editor:
I have received numerous requests from my
Former class-mates, and former instructors, ask-
1ng me to send a shortnarticle to "The Daily"
concerning my impressions in Poland.
I have tried to make the write-up as short as
oossible, and yet interesting. I am sure that the
faculty members will be pleased to know that
.heir names are known abroad; and also, that
football contests between Michigan and other
teams are a source of wild enthusiasm.
My impressions of Poland began with the mo-
ment I entered a Polish train in Berlin, a few
weeks ago. The striking difference between the
Polish and German trains was to be found only
in the passengers; in the former, I found mostly
Poles returning from foreign countries; whereas
the latter boasted of a rich mixture of nationali-
Warsaw, itself, was the next object of interest.
As a city, it didn't remind me of any town in the
United States. It hasn't got the traffic, the sky-
scrapers, nor the splendour of our theatres. But,
it has a luring charm that is all its own. You
will find it in its narrow, cozy streets; in the
aubdued gayety of the evening crowds; and in,
what I consider the greatest attraction of all,
their "dorozki," (horse and carriage)-used in
preference to taxis.
On almost every corner one runs across a
"cafe," where delicious pastry can be bought very
reasonably. Their jazz-bands provide delightful
music for the patrons, who either dance, or gossip
over their coffee-cups.
Since the "talkies" have replaced the silent
films, many musicians have lost their employment.
An former times, they played soft music as an
accompaniment to the picture that was being
shown. Now, these same musicians go from yard
to yard, playing the latest pieces, singing the lat-
est "hits" and receiving slight reimbursement.
There are only two motion-picture studios in
Poland, those being the D'Alben and the Fallanga
studios. The former is the newest and largest one.
However, American "talkies" are liked best of
Although there are no organizations that even
faintly resemble our fraternities and sororities,
yet the University of Warsaw boasts of an excel-
lently organized "Aero" club, whose members
build their own airplanes.
Letters of introduction which I received from
Dr. R. L. Kahn before my departure, proved how
very well known some of our "Michigan" profes-
sors are: Their research "papers," and contribu-
tions .to science are well known to Polish scien-
tists. Last, but not least, the very few of us
who are here in Warsaw, and who at the same
time can call "Michigan" our alma mater, take off
our caps to such a wonderful football team as we
have this year. We are mighty proud of their
-Marie Gwiazdowski, '31
Krucza 21; Warsaw.
One Block North from Hill Aditorium
A REAL THANKSGIVING DINNER
ROAST TURKEY AND OYSTERS
including all the trimmings
PROMPT SERVICE - EXCELLENT FOOD
Serving Michigan Men and Women for the Twenty-ninth Year I
._ __ _ _.A
Four stars means a super-picture; three stars very
good; two stars good; one star just another picture;
no stars keep away from it.
AT THE MICHIGAN
*A SUPERB STORY
Sadie Thompson ........ Joan Crawford
The Rev. Davidson ..... .Walter Huston
Sgt. Tim O'Hara, USMC William Gargen
Joe Horn ..................Guy Kibbe
All too infrequently some producer brings forth
a moving picture that leaves the observer at the
finale shivering in a gooseflesh of awe at a piece
of truly remarkable acting. Such is "Rain."
This is the picture you won't forget; it's a pic-
ture destined to rank as one of the truly great,1
perhaps the greatest of 1932. It ranks with the
truly great contemporary stage productions,
whence, of course, it comes.
The story of "Rain" is too well known generally
to need repetition. It is the story of a woman of
the San Francisco streets who comes, a fugitive
Irom justice, to bleak, rainy Pago Pago. Cooped
up with her in fat, amiable Joe Horn's general
store-hotel are a fanatical sky-pilot known as the
Rev. Davidson, his typical missionary wife, and
an unidentified member of his entourage, probably I
nis daughter, who has brought with her the level-
neaded, toothbrush-mustached medico to whom
she is affianced.
Briefly, the missionaries are shocked with the
antics of Sadie and plot her downfall in a cal-
culating, cold manner that is marvelously acted
oy Walter Huston. Then, when the sky-pilot's
prayers have hypnotized Sadie into an agony of
artificial repentence for her sins, her looks and
she throbbing of native drums and the fact that
she is now an innocent girl become too much for
Davidson. The finale will grip you. If the wailing
strains of an unusual rendition of "St. Louis
.lues" on Sadie's phonograph don't chill your
every nerve you're impervious to a lot more than
Crawford transcends her previous acting; Hus-
con plays a revolting part in a manner which
earns him a place in the first rank of the screen;
Gargen as the Marine sergeanu e u
Kibbe, unfortunately limited forever to the same
vype of role, makes a very good paunchy, blowsy
Paul Tompkins' organ offering, "Thanksgiving,"
f a FewC nwl!
An essential feature of the Laundering serv-
ice offered y the Varsity is care in the
handling of your clothes. Our equipment is
the most modern and designed to minimize
wear. Then too, we use Ivory Soap exclu-
For Call and Delivery Service
UROPE is rapidly becoming a con- WHAT INDIA RECEIVED
E tinent of national dictators. A FROM PARENTAL PROTECTORATE
ce at the map shows Italy and Russia pre- To The Editor:
aent in the list; but Poland is another power I can prove and show what India and her sons
ch, although headed by a dictator, confining and daughters most generously received from the
f chiefly to internal adjustment, nevertheless so-called parental protectorate of the arogant