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November 03, 1932 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1932-11-03

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--^. a

thus work untold hardship on the citizens and
students patronizing them. This reduction would
be permanent for (1) no income tax could be
created and (2) powerful lobbies would block a
sales tax.
Screen Reflections
Four stars means a super-picture; three stars very
good; two stars good; one star just another picture;
no stars keep away fromAit.



- arO eR .Si+N AAEp

PAM R rStRM+m . eefttrM

hed every morning except Monday during the
ty year and Summer Session by the Board in
of Student Publications.
er of the Western Conference Editorial Associa-
di the Big Ten News Service.
ssociated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
blication of all news dispatches credited to it or
erwise credited in this paper and the local news
d herein. All rights of republication of special
es are reserved.
d at the Prst Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
class matter. Special rate of postage granted by
ssistant Postmaster-General.
iption during summer by carrier, $1.00; by mail,
uring regular school year by carrier, $4.00; by
Student Publications Building, Maynard Street.
>or, Michigan. Phone: 2-1214.
entatives: College Publishers Representatives,
East Thirty-Fourth Street, New York City; 80
L Street, Boston; 612 North Michigan Avenue,
Telephone 4925
)ITOR...........................KARL SEIFFERT
EDITOR.................JOHN W.THOMAS
LNT WOMEN'S EDITOR............Miriam Carver
EDITORS: Thomas Connellan, Norman F. Krart,
W. Pritchard, C. Hart Schaaf,, Brackley Pha*,
R. Winters.
ASSISTANTS: Fred A. Huber, Albert Newnau.
'ERS: Hyman J. Aronstam, A. Ellis Ball, Charles
ndt, James Bauchat, Donald R. Bird, Donald'V.
rtz, Charles B. Brownon. Arthur W. Carstens,
Engel, Eric Hall, John C. Healey, Robert B.
George Van Vleck, Guy M. 'Whipple, Jr., W.

Elocution Teacher .. . .. Aline MacMahon
The Nut-Cracker..........Jack Oakie
The Business Manager ..., Russell Hopton
Sweet Young Thing ..... ...Sidney Fox
Producer.............Gregory Ratoff
The program in brief: "Once In A Lifetime" will
get on your nerves. Attempting to be a slap-in-
the-f ace at Hollywood and the movie producers
and players, it is a tiresome, repititious, boom-
erang thing that centers around the activities of
Aline MacMahon and her two vaudeville pals
(Jack Qakie and Russell Hopton) to get in at the
bottom of the talking-picture racket. Sidney Fox
is there for Jack Oakie and the love interest.
Gregory Ratoff's part (like all the rest) is over-
drawn even beyond all satire'limits. There isend-
less bickering about in an attempt to get some-
Episodic scenes are introduced in what seems
to the reviewer an attempt to stall for time. Wit-
ness the shots of the Movie Columniste and the
barnstormers on the train. The columniste is one
of the chattery oh-dear-me-suz-dud but it still
remains that her head-tossings and oh-ahs are
distorted beyond all appeal.
There was a chance for some good crazy-man
scenes concerning the distraught young man who
is seeking an audience with the producer (likewise
mishandled), but the director muffed it when he
didnt get Edgar Kennedy to do his mad act.
--G. M. W. Jr.

the respect of the great majority are detrimental
to the institution of law itself."
The Michigan Daily for Friday, Oct. 28, pub-
lished ample proof that the above statement from
Thursday's editorial column was inaccurate. The
results of a poll of Ann Arbor persons listed in
Who's Who in America taken by this paper re-
vealed that 60 favored the retention of Prohibition
while 58 were in favor of eliminating it from our
governmental system. As it seems fair to assume
that the 60 are as apt to be fair-minded and sane
as the 58 we conclude that the proposal to repeal
State and National Prohibition does not command
the overwhelming support of thinking people -
quite the contrary, there would appear to be more
(or at least as many) who favored the retention
of our provisions" and laws which prohibit the
traffic in alcohol.
In condemning Prohibition its opponents claim
that this institution is to blame for the increase
in the number of persons indulging in alcohol, for
the increase in the use of alcohol by women and
adolescents, and also for the hold which the under-
world has oi modern society. Let us grant the
possibility that there may be more persons using
alcohol as a beverage today than before 1920, there
never have been any reliable estimates of the
numbers using alcohol and the population has in-
creased since then. Let us grant the possibility
that there are more women and adolescents drink-
ing today than before 1920 - we must remember
that there.occurred from 1914 to 1918 a world war
which rent the social and moral fabric of all the
nations of the world. Let us grant, that the illegal
liquor traffic does offer the underworld a pro-
ductive source of revenue -but let us examine



ToLANSI . ..
Republican Candidate for State
Senator on the Republican Ticket.
As Chairman of the Property Owner's Division of the
National Association of Real Estate Boards, member of
National Education Association, an eminent attorney and
the tax committee of the National Chamber of Com-
merce, member of the committee on school costs of the
government expert, Mr. Moore offers the citizens of the
Twelfth District of Michigan their opportunity to elect
to the State Senate a tax expert."

Ligo choice

1Ann Arbor.

m. Louise Crandall, Carol r J. Hannan,
ester. Marie J. Murphy, Margaret. C.
ne Rucker, Marjorie Western and Har-
Telephone 2-1214
GER...............BYRON C. VEDDER
............... ..BARRY BEGLEY
LNAGERS: Advertising, Grafton Sharp;
tracts, Orvil Aronson; Advertising Serv-
; Accounts, Bernard E. Schnacke; .Cir-
t E. Bursley; Publications, Robert E.

ASSISTANTS: Theodore Barash. Jack Bellamy, Gordon
Boylan, Charles Ebert, Jack Efroymson, Fred Hertrick,
Joseph Hume, Allen Knuutsi, Russell Read, Lester Skin-
ner, Joseph Sudow and Robert Ward.
Letty Aigler, Doris Gimny, Billie Griffiths, Dorothy
Laylin, Helen Olson., Helene Schume, May Seefried,
Kathryn Stork.
THURSDAY, NOV. 3, 1932
Tax Amendments Preclude
Other Revenue Measures ...
IT IS clearly demonstrable that pro-
posed amendments two and four to
the state constitution, if ratified in November,
would cripple all institutions in the state, in-
eluding the University, which are dependent on
a mill tax. The proponents of the measures d&-
end them in the face of this fact with some
such argument as the following:
"At the present time," they point out, "prop-
erty bears about 80' per cent of the state tax
burden. We will admit that these amendments
night impair the efficiency of the institutions
n the state dependent on a mill tax, since they
would cut their revenues: However, such impair-
nent would only be temporary, because the leg-
.slature would soon pass an income tax to make
up the deficit. Hence the ultimate result would
be a more equitable distribution of the tax burden.
This result," they conclude, "is highly desirable,
and hence would justify any momentary incon-
venience that might be caused, such as the neces-
ity for greatly increased tuition in the state edu-
cational institutions."
The premise of this argument is that the leg-
slature could pass an income tax. Without paus-
ng to consider whether the legislature would
choose to act in this way, or whether the tem-
>orary inconveniences would be endurable, let
as examine this premise.
On the surface it appears to be reasonable.
But: .
Hidden away in the wording of amendment
wo is a phrase that precludes an income tax.
the amendment proposes to limit "the total
amoupt of taxes against property for all purposes
n one year . -. ." It has been determined in
he courts that income on property is part of
>roperty, and hence cannot be taxed when the
property has already been taxed to a maximum
et by law.
Illinois has a law limiting the amount to which
property can be' t'axed. Last year the legislature
in that state, anticipating a deficit, passed a bill'
creating an income tax. The law was contested,
and last week the Illinois Supreme Court declared
.t void. Some time ago South Carolina under-
went a similar experience. And the Supreme
Court of the Ur.ited States has followed the same
.ogic. So it appears that the income-tax argu-
ment is invalid.,
Other proponents of amendments two and four
argue that they would eventually bring about
nore equitable taxation because they would make
a sales tax necessary. Merchandi crs and farm-
ers, however, are strenuously opposed to this
form of raising revenue. A sales tax has been
proposed a number of times at Lansing, but the
powerful lobbies which they maintain have always
been successful in defeating it. They would cer-

O +O
Campus Opinion
Letters publi1shed in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous communcatons will be disregard-
ed. The names of communicants will, however, be re-
garded as confidential upon request. Contributors are
sked to be brief, connning themselves to less than
300 words if possible.
To The Editor:
As I was left out in the Who's Who straw vote
I would like to indicate that my vote is for
Roosevelt. Always a Republican I am now in
that vast assembly which voted for Hoover in
1928 and now composes nearly one-half of the
Roosevelt following in the Literary Digest poll.
I do not wish to take up your space with my rea-
sons further than to say that Hoover from the
start has failed utterly to foresee the present un-
happy condition, to sense its real nature after it
had arrived, or to suggest any remedy other than
to continue to prophesy prosperity waiting "just
around the corner," which now for several years
should already have been turned.
I do, however, feel that a protest should be
voiced against the campaign of senseless fear
which Hoover and his supporters in the cabinet
are now trying to transform into a panic. This
campaign has reached its culmination in Mr.
Hoover's major address on Moniday in Madison
Square Garden, where, referring to the Grundy
tariff of the Republican administration he de-
clared: "The grass will grow in the streets of a
hundred cities, a thousand towns; the weeds will
overrun the fields of millions of farms if that
protection be taken away. The churches and
school houses will decay.'
Of course Mr. Hoover knows better, and he,
would never address the more intelligent voters
in any such terms. With his back to the wall
and in full view of the impending landslide to
his political opponent, his speech is intended to
develop a panic of unreasoning fear in the lower
classes of the population. It is unworthy of a
man who has been elevated to the high position
of the head of the nation.
Those who would condone such an incendiary
utterance because it comes within the "silly stage"
of the presidential campaign, should remember
that the political campaign of four years ago
was conducted by Mr. Hoover on the same plan.
The story is told of a Republican voter who left
for Europe shortly before election day in 1928,
and having been quite out of touch with affairs
on this side, he returned two years later. Sensing
at once the terrible business depression and the
resulting unemployment, the evidences of which
were on every hand, he exclaimed: "I see Al Smith
was elected." "What do you mean" was the reply,
"Hoover was elected. "I can't understand that"
he said. "This is just what Hoover said would
happen if Al was elected."
To The Editor:
Our task as university students in the world
of today, it seems to me, is one of educating
ourselves and the members of society with whom
we have contact, by instilling into ourselves and
them a moral duty to live up to our knowledge
and idealism-not only with respect to the use
of alcohol as a beverage but also with respect
to other anti-social practices of our society.
In these days immediately before an election
at which the people are to decide whether or
not to modify the portion of their constitution
dealing with the alcoholic traffic, as well as other
portions of that document, we hear the usual
bunk so common to political campaigns in the
United States. We are greeted with such slogans

Prohibition may have resulted in more people
drinking - although we can find no definite proof
of this and although other causes may have con-
siderable more weight than the existence of anti-
liquor laws - still we do know from estimates,
made by Commissioner Woodcock on reliable
statistics, that the consumption of alcohol as a
beverage has beeri' materially less since 1920 than
it was before the adoption of National and State
Prohibition. In 1930 -the year in which there
was the largest estimated consumption of alcohol
since 1920 - the consumption estimated by Wood-
cock to be 35% of pre-Volstead days. It might
be noted here that there has been an increase in
the production of alcohol 7,000,000 gallons per
year during the last few years but it must also be
remembered that the Du Pont chemical works
absorbed this increased production in commercial
uses. Should we grant that there are more people
drinking than before we are still forced to con-
clude that they are drinking less.
If Prohibition is responsible for adolescents -and
women drinkking why it is that they are also
drinking noticeably in England, which does not
have a system of prohibition of the liquor traffic?
Why did they drink before 1920 - if an y o n c
doubts that they did ask Judge Sample, or read
Lincoln Steffins' Autobiography.
Granted that Prohibition gives to the under-
world a remunerative traffic on illicit liquor, why
do we find that there was general graft and cor-
ruption of our governments by the underworld'
during the gay 90's and in the years just previous
to Prohibition? Attorney General Mitchell has
stated that 23%of the income of the underworld
comes from the illegal liquor traffic - 75% then
must come from other sources. If prohibition is
responsible for the racket in alcohol, how can one
explain the vicious influence of the saloon, and the
existence of bootlegers and moonshiners before.
The statement from the Daily editorial quoted
above that only fanatics believe in legislating
morals brings to our attention a common objection
which is raised against social legislation. When
anyone proposes to pass a law which would im-
prove the condition of society by putting a penalty
on anti-social action we are immediately told that
we cannot legislate men into being good. Only by
education, the argument runs, 'can we improve
men's morals or conduct. Wet and dry alike seem
to think that the purpose of the Prohibition legis-
lation is to prevent the use of alcohol as a bev-
erage, but is' it? What is the purpose of law? Is
it a process of writing ideals on a statue book and
setting them up as a standard of conduct for in-
dividuals? Rather I think it is a generally ac-
cepted standard 'of conduct, or principle of gov-
ernment which society thinks should be accepted
and to which the sanction of enforcement by
authority should be supplied. Prohibition, then, is
not a subsitute for education as a means of con-
vincing the individual of the desirability of refrain-
ing from the use of alcohol as a beverage, but a
regulation of business in alcohol which makes
profit out of human degredation. Only when by
education the individuals of society realize the ad-
vantages and the necessity of refraining from the
the use of alcohol as a beverage will the traffic in
alcohol - be it legal or illegal - be eliminated.
When we realize that murder is anti-social we
know why society has passed laws against murder
and enforced them against the individual. If we
realize that the traffic in alcohol is anti-social
(which 100 years of attempts to control it demon-
strates), we can see why society through its gov-
ernment is justified in passing legislation to
eliminate the traffic and to enforce the law against
it. But none of our anti-social practices will dis-
appear from the world until everyone knows the
truth and has a desire to live up to his knowledge.
I repeat, that our task as students and future
citizens is one of education and the instillation of
a sense of moral duty in ourselves and the other
individuals composing society with whom we as-
sociate, not only with respect to the use of alcohol
but as well with respect to other anti-social
practices present in society.
Robert W. McCullock
After all, there is some gain. A cow pasture

Vie sagqesCt

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EVENING DINNER...........:.... 40c
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