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March 16, 1933 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1933-03-16

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The Weather
Fair with slowly rising-tem-
perature Thursday; rain or
snoWv in north portion.

Joll-Raw

Xit ga

Dat

Editorials

Comstock Demonstrates A
Condition

VOL XLIII No. 120 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 16, 1933

PRICE FIVE CENTS

f

Citizens Show
Confidence In
Opened Banks
Walz Praises Attitude Of
Public On First Day Of
Regular Business
Deposits Exceed
Wiihdrawls 100%

To Appear In Junior Girls' Play

Beer Bill Due Meetings Of
To Be Law By Academy T
End Of Week Begin Tod
Farm And Unemployment Dr. John C. Merriam
Relief Measures Being Give President's Add
Pllanned At White house At 4:15 P. M.
President T rns To AU Sessions Will
(onstrvetive It ems Be Opeit To Pii
ShIapes Nle-sawre To Put emers And Guests
21000,c- en 1T Work Attend Annual Re
Within Next Few Weeks Ition At 8 P. M. Toni

May Go To France

F

ay
Will
r iess
hlic
Will
ceg
gh I

Council Still1
Fails To Conie
To Agreeient
Undergraduate Rule Plan
Is Lent To Committee Of
Faculty Members
Two-house Control
Form Is Proposed
Council Still Divided Into
Two Distinct Factions;
Is Powerless To Act

Some Business ien
Abandonment Of
Dollar' Plan

Regret
'Trade

Ann Arbor banks, opened yesterday
after a month durng which they
were either completely closed or
semi-closed, found that the city's cit-
izens were depositing more money
than they were withdrawing.
The attitude of the citizens was,
according to C. J. Walz, president
of the Ann Arbor Clearing House
Association, "particularly fine." He
reported that at his bank, the State
Savings Bank, depositis exceeded
withdrawals by at least 100 per cent,
and it was believed by other bank
presidents that the situation in their
institutions was approximately the
same.
People Are Calm
"We got along splendidly," Mr.
Walz said. "There were no crowds, no
delay. The people were. calm and
showed their completeconfidence in
the reopened banks."
Besides the four local banks, the i
Ann Arbor Trust Co., which had also
been shut since o. William A. Cor-
stock's first decree, opened. The
company receives no deposits and
carrys on a strictly fiduciary busi-
ness.
The only restriction on the local
banks is the national one against
withdrawals fJor hoarding, main-
tained in all the banks of the coun-
try. This is a part of President
Roosevelt's campaign against hoard-f
ing, believed to have been one of theI
main causes for the closing of all the
country's banks,
scrip Plan Still Favored
What is to happen to the "trade
dollar" plan, now that the banksr
have opened, remains doubtful. Somet
of the local merchants would like
to try it anyway, believing that an
increase in business would result,
while others think there is no cause
for its use now. Merchants who havet
been most closely associated with thet
idea expect that some decision will
be reached within the next few days.
City officials received their full pay
checks, and W. F, Verner, city treas-
urer, announced that it was not
necessary to use the $5,000 which the
city council had authorized thef
Water department to loan the treas-c
ury in order to meet official salaries.
Boil Convention
Candidates Hope
To Be Elected
Both the wet and the dry candi-
dates in the April 3 election in Ann
Arbor are convinced that they will#
win,.
Nathan Potter, selected to repre-
sent the wet side, believes that]f
Washtenaw county will vote as wet as
it did in the November election, while
Louis Reimann, named to support
the dry side, believes that there will
be a swing back to the prohibition
group.
One of the two men will represent
Washtenaw county at the-convention
in Lansing April 10. The convention
has been called by Go. William A.
Comstock so that Michigan may
either accept or disapprove the re-
peal of the Eighteenth Amendment.
Potter will vote for the acceptance of
repeal and Reimann will oppose it.
"Only one township in the county
and one ward in the city of Ann
Arbor," said Mr. Potter, "voted dry
in the November election. From this
it would seem that we shall win quite
easily, although we will have little
money to spend and cannot expect
support from certain organized
groups, such as the churches, that
the drys will get."
Mr. Reimann said, "We believe
that the hysteria of last fall's elec-
tion will have disappeared, and the

people, not confused by any political
issues, will have more of a chance to

* a
Lillian Dietrich, left, Katherin
Campbell, right, who will take the
respectively, in "Love on the Run,"t
Wednesday, March 22 in Lydia Men
162 State Banks

Open; Impetus
To Business
Banks Are Reopened For
Commercial Business;
Withdrawal Limitations
DETROIT, March 15. - (P) - The
dam that for a month has held back
Michigan's flow of trade was broken
tonight with currency flowing from
162 of the state's 530 banks, giving
immediate impetus to general busi-
ness.
Oldest in the nation in point of
duration of the banking holiday, the
state tonight rejoiced in the reopen-
ing for commercial business of the
162 banks in 61 cities and towns, with
further reopenings promised as soon
as the status of remaining banks is
checked. Seventy-seven of the banks{
are members of the Federal Reserve,
and 85 are non-members.
Report Many Deposits
All reopening was subject to Fed-
eral and state regulations, and in
many case limitations were placedI
on withdrawals. But from all the
cities where banks reopened today
came word of greater deposits than
withdrawals, and immediate and
highly satisfying upturn in business.
Merchants in a score of the larger
cities reported a buying wave as hun-
dreds received payments of cash, de-
layed by the month-old holiday de-
clared Feb. 14 by Gov. William A.
Comstock.
Parade in Port Huron
Quickening retail business was list-
ed in practically every city affected
by the reopenings. In Port Huron,
where the First National Trust and
Savings Bank reopened, the city
declared a half-holiday, with parades
and the music of bands, in celebra-
tion. Battle Creek, Kalamazoo, Bay
City, Grand Rapids, and others re-
ported increased buying.
In Detroit, where four banks, in
addition to one in suburban High-
land Park, were open, Conservators!
Paul C. Keys and B. C. Schram con-'
tinued their investigation of the as-

..-WASHINGTON, March 15.-'}
Farm and unemployment relief meas -
ures were speedily fashioned at the
White House today as Congress
neared completion of President
Roosevelt's other emergency bills-
beer and economy.
The 3.2 per cent beer bill reached
the Senate floor with an amendment.
{' v It is due to pass tomorrow or Friday
'.."..; ........ and become law before the end of
, " r:rthe week.
With passage of the economy bill,
comparatively minor differences be-
-Photo by Dey tween the House and Senate on the
ne MacGregor, center, and Emily broad grant of authority to the Presi-
parts of Marge, Kate, and Joan, dent to effect economies by reducing
the 1933 Junior Girls Play, opening veterans' compensation and govern-
delssohn Theatre. ment salaries still remain to be
worked out.
Constructive Action Planned
Il Duce Issues Ratified by the rapid-firedaction
f on Capitol Hill, the President decided
To to turn to what he calls the -con-
Invitations structive features of his emergency
program. Congressional 1 e a d e r s
Peac Nle tino agreed to keep going for them.
Peace Meeting r **Mr. Roosevelt will submit, probably
tomorrow, a bill built along experi-
mental lines, giving the government
Visit Designed To Discuss wide latitude in seeking prompt col-
Measures For Peace In lection control and increases in farm
commodity prices. Authority for
European State Politics leasing marginal lands by the gov-
ernment to withdraw them from pro-
ROME, March 15.-(AP)-Official duction is the basis of this legisla-
circles revealed today that Premier tion.
Mussolini is considering holding a To Employ 200,010 Men
conference shortly with Prime Mm- Also he is shaping a measure aimed
ister MacDonald, of Great Britain. at putting 200,000 men to work with-
Such a meeting would be secret, in three or four weeks on a broad re-
France has agreed to be present, it forestation effort in the national and
was reported, but she desires to have other government forests.
the Little Entente, composed of The idea of a bond issue for this
Czechoslovakia, Jugoslavia and Ru- has been temporarily abandoned and
mania, represented. Italy objects to the President is looking to saving
this as enlarging the circle too much. impending appropriations for the
This would be the first time that means of financing the project.
Premier Mussolini has taken part in A greater scale unemployment re-
an international conference since the i lief program may follow later, but he
Locarno Pact was negotiated in 1925. wants to get as many as possible of
the cities 'idle out into camps and at
GENEVA, March 15.-(I)-Prime work as soon as possible.
Minister Ramsay MacDonald and Draft New Farm Bill
Foreign Secretary Sir John Simon, Heeding the Presidential desire,
of Great Britain, today accepted an House leaders today agreed to con-
invitation to visit Premier Benito I tinue in session to await the farm
Mussolini in Rome this week-end, to and unemployment proposals. At the
discuss methods of improving Euro- request of the President, Secretary
pean tranquility. Wallace and drafting clerks workedi
A Rome dispatch indicated that late tonight seeking to get the new
Chancellor Adolf Hitler, of Germany, farm bill in form for presentation to-
and Premier Edouard Daladier, of morrow.
France, might participate. Watching closely the changes
ed Britishstatesmedaregexpect-made by the Senate in the economy
dth e eevBrhisatesmnigh ept-tmeasure, the President is ready to
some northern Italian city they will tions in compensations and salaries
be met by Gen. Italo Balbo, air min- f the unemployment and farm aid
ister in the Italian Cabinet, who will allowed under this.
Heecr hmb i oRm iha He believes long steps toward
escort them by air to Rome with abringing the government cost within
fleet of Italian planes, reach of its income will have been
In British quarters it was said that made by these measures, thus afford.
the visit was designed to discuss Eu- mn bthesermeasrsth.ua m-
ropean political conditions and ncas- lm the ground work for the unem-
'ure fo conoliati J pace An ployment and farm aid proposals lhe
ures for eonsolidatir~g peace. Any
agreement on security, it was ex- Early Relief Needed
plained, will be certain to include On farm relief he believes it is
France. imperative for action before this
year's crops are in the ground.
*e "'Therefore, he wants the legislation

The Michigan Academy of Science,
Arts, and Letters will open its thirty-
eighth annual three-day meeting
here today when Dr. John C. Mer-
riam, president of the Carnegie In-~
stitution, speaks at 4:15 p. m. in Na-
tural Science Auditorium on "Ideals
in Conservation." All meetings are-
open to the public.
Three of the 12 sections included
in the Academy will meet earlier in
the day. They are anthropology,
geography, and economics and soci-
ology. Other sections will hold their
first meetings tomorow or Saturday.
The Council will meet at 2:30 p. m.
today.
Reception Open to All
Members of the Academy, candi-
dates for membership, and guests are
invited to attend the annual recep-
tion, which will be held at 8 p. m.
today in the Museums Building. All
research laboratories and exhibition
halls in the building will be open for
the affair.
Dr. Merriam is known for the em-i
phasis he has placed on the recrea-
tional and inspirational aspects of
conservation in his research work
His talk will sound the keynote of
the present meeting, conservation
and land utilization.
Lloyd Will Speak
The section of Economics and So-
tIology, meeting at2 p. m. in Room
101 Economics Building, will discuss
topics pertinent to the present de-
pression. S. M. Levin, of the College
of the City of Detroit, will speak on
"The Dilemma of Economic Stabili-
zation." Ernest F. Lloyd, of Ann Ar-
bor, is to present a plan for self-
liquidating unemployment r e 1 i e f
work. The role of agriculture in the
depression will be the topic of Dr.
Vladimir P. Timoshenko, of the eco-
nomics department. Dr. S. A. Courtis,
of the education school, will speak on
a new technique for measurement of
social forces.
Two meetings will be held today by
the anthropology section, at 9 a. m.
and at 2 p. m., both in Room 3024
Museums Building. A series of eight
papers will be presented by Fred Dus-
tin, of Saginaw, Howell S. England,
Detroit lawyer whose evolutionary
doctrines have aroused considerable
comment, Dr. E. S. McCartney, edi-
tor of graduate school publications,
Dr. Raphael Isaacs and Lloyd R
Gates, of the Medical School, and
Dr. W. B. Hinsdale, Prances Sexton
Hughes, Dr. Melvin R. Gilmore, and
B. O. Hughes, all of the Museum of
Anthropology.
Papers to Be Given
The geography section will meet at
1:30 p. m. today in Room G Angell
Hall to hear a number of 15-minute
papers, having to do chiefly with
Michigan subjects. J. O. Veatch, of
Michigan State College, chairman of
the section, will discuss a scheme for
classifying land. Other topics on the
program are a geographical recon-
naissance of the upper peninsula,
progress in making land planning
maps, population regions in Mich-
igan, Japanese urban farms, the
geography of Michigan in the time of
the Indian, and Persian life as af-
fected by geographical conditions.

-A.ssoclited Press Phot I
The name of Jesse Isidor Straus,l
New York merchant, is before the
Senate for approval as ambassadorc
to France.
Senate Passes
Economy Bill
Withiout Delay
Leaders Hope For Speetyi
Approval By House And
President Roosevelt
WASHINGTON, Marcha15.-()-
After shunting aside all major'
amendments, the Senate tonight
oassed the administration's $500,000,-
000 economy bill. It now goes back'
to the -House for approval of minor
Senate alterations.
The vote was 62 to 13.'
Congressional leaders were hopeful
tonight that the measure, providing
the President with powers to smash
payments to veterans and Federal
salaries, could be sent to the White
House by tomorrow night.
If the Senate amendments are
agreeable to the Chief Executive, the
House probably will concur in short
order. Even if the bill goes to Con-
ference, leaders hope for speedy ac-
tion.
Plea For CIVIC
Reform To Be
Given By Reed
A plea for county and township
government reform will be voiced at
12:30 p. m. Saturday in a nation-
wide broadcast by Prof. Thomas H.
Reed, of the political science depart-
ment, it has been learned.
Professor Reed will speak on "The
Farmer and His Government" as the
feature of this week's National Farm
and Home program. The program
will be broadcast by the Red Net-
work of the National Broadcasting
Company.
Abolition of townships and large
county boards of supervisors were
recommended ,in a report released
early this week, written by Profes-
sor Reed and Prof. Arthur W .Brom-
age, also of the political science, de-
partment, after a year's study for
the State Commission of Inquiry
into County, Township, and School
District Government.
The recommendations of Profes-
sors Reed and Bromage have so far
been blocked by farm leaders, but
Professor Reed believes that only the
leaders and not the farmers them-
selves oppose his and' Professorl
Bromage's suggestions. The profes-
sors maintain, that only benefits
would accure to the farmers if their
proposals were carried out.

Student Council members failed to
come to an agreenwnt last night to
upport unanimously either of the
plans for student government which
have been proposed, but passed a
motion which will virtually leave the
decision up to a committee of fac-
ulty members appointed by President
Alexander G. Ruthven.
One plan, which has been In the
hands of a University Committee for
nearly a year, proposes to do away
with the Senate Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs and institute a two-
house form of government which
wvould have jurisdiction over student
affairs. The upper house would be
composed of four faculty members
and four student members appointed
by Dr. Ruthven, while the lower
house would consist of students elect-
ed by the campus at large.
Ex-Officio Members
The newer plan, which was itro-
duced in the former of amendments
at the last meeting but failed to gain
the necessary majority, calls fr 13
ex-offlcio members who take.:otdhce
automatically and 4 who are elected
by the campus at large. Proponents
of this plan claim that weakness of
the Council lies in its personnel,
No vote was taken on either plan
but there were two factions definitely
in support of both proposals. Argu-
ments in support of the plans were
terminated by a motion which stated
that the amendments which were
proposed by the group favoring ~ rn
ex-officio personnel be presented co
the University committee to be con-
sidered along with the plan now in
the hands of that committee.
Hopes for combining the features
of both plans were shattered when
proponents of the plans refused -to
admit defeat and stated that they
would support their plans before the
faculty committee.
Spirit is Better
A more co-operative spirit among
the members prevailed at last night's
meeting than at tt one held two
weeks ago, but in spite of the con-
cessions made by both sides, the
Council was divided into the distinct
factions.
The Council as it now stands is
powerless, according to the spokes-
men for both groups, and if one plan
is thrown out by the faculty commit-
tee a concentrated effort will be made
by the present council to push tho
other plan through. An attempt will
be made to get the committee which
will meetFriday to make a decision
within the next month. Both groups
have delegated members to represent
their interests, and it was learned
that the committee plans to call on
campus leaders to give their opinions
on what action to take.
. Alumni Member Elected
Howard Gould. '35L, secretary-
treasurer oftlast year's intefrater-
pity council, was elected second
alumni member of the student cou-
ci. Harry S. Benjamin is the other
m.ember.
Last night's meeting lacked the
formality that is usually maintained
at Council meetings and students i
terested in the plans but not mem-
bers of the Council were permitted to
voice their opinions freely.
Soap C pany Reeases
New Advertising Matter
NEW YORK, March 15.-(P)-The
Country's enthusiastic response to
President Roosevelt's "courage and
frankness" has led the advertising
counsel of the Proctor and Gamble
Soap Co., to release 3,000,000 lines of
advertising, Thomas L. L. Ryan,
president of the Pedlar & Ryan Ad-
vertising Agency, said today.
"We have kept the telegraphic
wires burning from here to San
Francisco, beginning our new cam-
paign," Ryan said.

"We are using newspapers because
of their speed and mobility. Condi-
tions reflect a level-headed confi-

,
'r
a
;,

sets of the First National Bank and
the Guardian National Bank of Com-
merce. The two banks, the largest in
the city, remained closed by govern-
ment order, all officials above the
rank of assistant cashier dismissed,
and no definite ranks for disburse-
ment of liquid assets yet available.
The conservators have indicated,
however, that the way is still open
for formation of a new bank which
could take over the liquid assets of
both.
Will Not Favor Bankers
They stated, too, that reserves of
other banks on deposit in the two
institutions cannot be treated differ-
ently from other deposits. A resolu-
tion calling upon the governor to re-
quest President Roosevelt to order
the relief of reserves to out-state
banks was drafted today for intro-
duction in the Legislature, and was
given support by Governor Comstock.

At Pittsbroh t
Cause Damage
Heavy Rainfall Reported;
Loss Around Pittsirgh
Estimated At $300,000
PITTSBURGH, March 15.-(A)-
The swirling Allegheny and Monon-
gahela rivers continued to rise today
after reaching 3.7 feet above flood
stage and doing damage at Pitts-
burgh estimated at $300,000.
Continued heavy rains throughout
the watershed were reported by the
weather bureau.
With a number of boats sunk orl

before early April. Otherwise, he
thinks agricultural relief might as
well be postponed until the next ses-
sion of Congress.
Pointing to a rapidly-diminishing
supply of timber in this country, Mr.
Roosevelt believes thousands of men
now idle could be profitably put to
work clearing out the scrub growth
in the national forests and planting
new trees where needed. By elim-1
Sinating the vast scrub growths he
considers other timber would be
given improved opportunity and
value.
Also he thinks a great number of
fire breaks should necessarily be cut
in the forests to help in gaining con-
trol over this constant hazard.
Pope Family Safe From
California's Earthquake

A uience Shows Appreciation
For Paderewski At Concert'

On a stage illumninated only by
the reflection of the lights in the
auditorium, the Grand Old Man of
the concert stage, Ignace Jan Pader-
ewski, last night played what was
probably his last concert in Ann Ar-
bor.
As the 73 year old dean of pian-
ists' entered, 4,800 people rose from
their seats in tribute and applauded
the Polish musician-statesman whose
concert work has been motivated

ing. Possibly he remembered the tur-
bulent years of his public life, during
which he has seen two great Euro-
pean wars and has had an important
part in guiding Poland out of a state
of chaos. Conceivably he thought of
his old friend, the late Dr. Albert
Stanley, Musical Director-Emeritus
of the University, whom he met for
the last time during the May Fes-
tival in 1931.
At the conclusion of his final num-

run away, rivermen worked through;
out the night seeking craft torn loose

News that Judge James. A. Pope
and his family of Hollywood, Calif.,

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