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RICHARD L. TOBIN
City Editor ....................................... Carl Forsythe
Editorial Director............................Beach Conger, Jr.
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WoIn'sa Eitr..EA......................Margaret . Phormpson
Assistant New., Editor...................... Robert L. Pierce
Frank B. Gilbreth J. Cullen Kenne
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John W. Thomas
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dy James Inglip
y E. Rosenthal
john S. Townsend
John W. Prichard
Jose;7' i erihan
C. Hart Schaaf
G;. It. inters
Gcorgia (e sman
Elizabeth L ou;
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Doiald A. Johnson, II
13ernard i1. Good
l iniiie Seng
X41ary Elizabecth Watts
I UlRC and DRAMA
The American premiere of Rimsky-Korsakoff's
monumental opera "The Legende of the invisible city
of Kitej" which will take place at the Saturday eve-
ning concert of the Ann Arbor May Festival, is at-
tracting attention throughout the United States and
music enthusiasts are much interested in the occa-
sion. A special English translation is being made
from the Russian by Mrs. Michael Pargment in order
that the work may be given in English. Mrs. Parg-
ment has prepared the following brief story of the
plot, which will be of interest to music lovers in
particular and to the public in general:
"The plot of this opera is taken from popular
legends of the 13th century, the epoch of the Tartar
invasion in Russia. The main idea of the "Legend"
is the eternal struggle between good and evil forces,
and the final triumph of humility, christian charity
and virtue over cruelty, violence and treachery.
The heroine of the story, Fevronia, lives with her
brother, who gathers honey, in the woods near the
city of Kitej, along the Volga river. Raised in the
woods, among wild flowers, birds and animals, Fev-
ronia loves nature. Her heart is filled with unlimited
love and pity for human beings and animals, and
the latter, feeling this love, comes to play with Fev-
ronia, lie at her feet, and trustingly, takes from her
hands the food she gives them.
Engaged thus in playing with animals, feeding
them and bandaging their wounds, Fevronia takes
no notice of the presence of the young prince Vse-
volod, who, separated from his suite during a hunting
party, suddenly steps out from behind the bushes.
Amazed with the spectacle .he has before his eyes,
the young prince observes Fevronia in silence.
Fevronia soon becomes aware of his presence, and,
confused, does not know what to say. But she soon
gets over her embarrassment and starts a conversa-
tion with the prince, asking him to sit down and to
fortify himself with honey and fresh water. She
notices that the prince is wounded, and offers him
to dress his wound. The beauty and charm of the
young maiden, her intelligene and simplicity which
reveal themselves in the conversation that follows,
fascinate the young man, who then asks her to be-
come his wife. Charmed, in her turn, by the hand-
som young man, Fevronia accepts the proposal, with-
out knowing who he is. Later she is told that her
fiance is prince Vsevolod, who, together with his
father, the mighty prince Yury, reign over the city
Some time later, the bridal train taking Fevronia
to the capital Kitej, is attacked by wild Tartar
hordes. The barbarians pillage and destroy every-
thing and kill everybody they meet, except Fevronia
whom one of their leaders takes as his captive.
But the Tartars are perplexed. Having killed
everyone they have met, they have nobody now to
show them the way to Kitej, the main object of their
campaign. They notice that the drunkard Gregory=
Koutierma, whom they considered dead, is living, and,
order him to lead them to Kitej, under threat of
cruel tortures. Fevronia wishes to intervene, but
unable to do so, she addresses prayers to God thax
He should conceal Kitej from the Tartars by making
it invisible to them. The wild hordes, guided by
Koutierma, reach the place where they expect to
find Kitej, they see there, instead of the capital, a
birch grove. In their anger, they threaten Kou-
tierma, whom they suspect to have deceived them,
with torture and death. They postpone the execu-
tion until the nextmorning, and tie Koutierma to a ,
tree. Soon they all fall asleep. Alone, Fevronia does
not sleep: she mourns her fiance whom they believedj
to have died in a fight against the Tartars. She
hears Koutierma calling her. He begs her to untie
him. He complains of a strange ringing of bells that,
he hears all the time and which painfully resounds
in his cars. This ringing, he asserts, is unbearable
to him. He promises that when he will be untied he
will go to the desert, where he will repent before God;
for his sins. Fevronia, moved by pity, unties him,j
although she knows that the Tartars will torture her
in his stead. She will, she says, pray for her exe-
But Koutierma finds no relief, and continues to
be tormented by the ringing he constantly hears. He;
runs towards the lake with the intention of drown-
ing himself, and thus to get rid -of his sufferings.
But at the bank of the lake he stops as if petrified,
the first rays of the daybreak illuminate the surface
of the lake, and in the water he sees the city of Kitej
turned upside down. Joyfully and solemnly, the
chimes of Kitej resound, their ringing getting louderI
and louder. Stricken with terror, he utters a cry,
and runs away, dragging Fevronia away with him.
His cry awakens the Tartars, who in seeing the vision
in the lake, and hearing the ringing of the bells, are
Prof. 0.. Carnpbell
By E. Jerome Pettit.
One of the most important chap-
ters in the history of the Univer-
sity's mill tax income was written
in 1921, when the tax was increas-
ed by the state legislature.
Whatever else this increase has
meant to the University it meant
one particularly important thing at
the time, an opportunity to acquire
a new member of the faculty. With-
out the increase in income this
would not have been possible.
So, in the fall of 1921, Prof. Oscar
James Campbell came to his alma
mater, from the English depart-
ment of the University of Wiscon-
sin, where he had spent the past
He had graduated from Michigan
in 1900, going to Harvard for his
M. A. and Ph. D. degrees. In 1910
he was made a traveling fellow of
Harvard and studied at the Univer-
sities of Copenhagen, Berlin, Paris,
London, and at Oxford.
His first position at Wisconsin
was an instructorship in the de-
partment of English, from which he
WHY BE LEFT WAVING ON
ON THE PIER?
Go with College Travel Club to
Europe, Orient, or Around the
World. 250 tours. $7.50 per day.
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VON E. KNISELY
Oxford Aparts., E. Dearborn, Mich.
us .... ..+...
Ann Arbor's Greatest
WhEAN Iess iIAL
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221 East Liberty Street
Carries only fresh and crispy nut meats and distinctive
Our prices enable you to enjoy these dainties.
NIGHT EDITOR-ROLAND A. GOODMAN
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1932
A N editorial reprinted from the Cornell Daily
Sun in yesterday's Daily suggested that, while
Yale University has been erecting building after
building at New Haven, it has found it necessary
to cut salaries and faculties, combine classes and
omit courses in order to make its budget balance.
This story brings home the fact that endowed
institutions are bound to suffer from economic
depressions as well as state-supported universities.
A recent English visitor to the University
stated that in the United States too much money
is being placed in the "roof" of education whereas
too little is allotted to the "cellar." .In England,
donations and gifts are placed in scholarships and
fellowships, while in many colleges the same build-
ings which have been used for the past hundred
years continue to house classes and students.
While it is necessary at times in cases of ex-
pansion and lack of adequate facilities to spend
large sums of money on buildings, nevertheless
the splurge in construction expenditures of Amer-
ican universities during the last decade would not
seem to be warranted by the actual need of these
institutions. Especially in state institutions, where
faculty salaries are notorious for their insuffi-
ciency, might alumni donations and additional
appropriations be used to a better purpose. Few
are the colleges which have anywhere near enough
scholarships in different fields. Although free
education for all is an American policy for second-
ary education, a college education still costs
enough to keep many a deserving student from
adding this asset to his possessions.
to Goldman Bros. first.
We sincerely believe that these
hose to assistant and associate pro-
fessorships. At Michigan he is a
professor in the same department.
In 1924, after three years on the
campus here, the University of Wis-
consin endeavored to regain his
services. He refused the offer, pre-
rerring to remain at Michigan. An
,ditorial appearing in the April
24, 1924 issue of the Daily, which
concerns his refusal of Wisconsin's
'alluring" offer, says of him:
"Professor Campbell came to the
University from Wisconsin where
he enjoyed enormous popularity
doubtless by reason (of) the same
qualities which have won him so 1
many friends and admirers during
his brief stay on this campus - his
personal charm, sound scholarship
and brilliant gifts as a teacher. Pro-
fessor Young, for many years head
of the English department at Wis-
consin, having recently accepted a
position at Yale, his post was offer-
ed to Professor Campbell by unani-
mous request of the English staff."
For the two-.year period from 1904
to 1906, Professor Campbell taught
English and law to midshipmen at
thle United States Naval Academy,
His other activities for his govern-
ment include the collecting of in-
formation on Turkey to be used at
the Peace Conference in 1918.
The second semester of his eighth
year as a member of the Michigan
faculty he was given a leave of ab-
sence to teach at Harvard. There
he offered course to graduate ttud-
ents in European comedy since the
Renaissance and another course to
juniors and seniors in the English
special low prices have never before bought such a high
standard of quality. But we'll let you be the judge of
that. Compare quality-that's the best way to con-
vince yourself that Goldman Bros. give you the most
for your money.
Miraci caned and
taken with a panic, and run away. novel since Balzac.
Exhausted with fatigue, hunger and emotions, here was taken for
the time by
Fevronia accompanied by Koutierma, now insane,j
Students entering the University of Illinois from reaches the forrest of Kerjenetz. She can walk noF
accredited high schools are luckier than they realize longer, and sits down on a log. In spite of herI
for the most part in avoiding entrance examinations extreme fatigue, her main preoccupation is Koutier-'
required for many private schools. All that most ma. She begs him to repent for his sins and learnj
freshmen or transfer students need to do is see that how to pray to God. At first, Koutierma obeys, andt
the registrar secures an authentic transcript of their repeats after her the words of prayers, but soon,i
high school or college records. frightened by the vision of a monster which hisc
Private institutions, on the other hand, for many deranged mind perceives near Fevronia, he utters at
years have been in the habit of making out a set cry and runs away.f
of questions each year for those who desire to enter Left alone, Fevronia lies on the ground. Shei
the school, and have granted admission to those who hears the voice of a bird of paradise which foretells
have the highest grades without much consideration her a near death. She is not afraid of death, whicht
of the applicant's personality, high school record, or she believes will bring her to her beloved fiance, inr
recommendations from high school superintendents the other world. All of a sudden, the ghost of prince1
or instructors. Vsevolod appears before her, and in a transport of;
A tendency to swing from this policy of rigid and joy, Fevronia rushes towards him.
inflexible admission requirements can be seen at The clouds which were hiding the distance, dis-1
Harvard college in the recommendation of the Over- perse, and the holy city of Kitej appears before thet
seers' committee that the "old plan" examinations be eyes of Fevronia, who, accompanied by her fiance,
abandoned. A "new plan" proposes that entrance goes toward the city. As she is passing through the1
examinations be given a place of decreasing import- gates, she is greeted by happy crowds. She hears
ance, and more recognition placed on the school music and bridal songs, and is told that it is her'
Prof. Edward Ayres Taylor o f
Professor Campbell has published
numerous contributions on the sub-
ject of English liteirature and has
won a reputation in England and
in the United States as one of the
outstanding scholars and authori-
ties on the subject. His chief inter-
est, however, has always been in
"Dramatic writing," he once said,
"is the most difficult literary forrm.
There is more justification for try-
ing to teach its technique than the
technique of other forms of writ-
ing, but after all a feeling for the
theater and for dramatic psychol-
ogy is the really indispensible
His own writings include "The
Comedies of Holberg," 1914; "A
Book of Narratives" (with R. A.
Rice), 1917; "The Position of the
Roode en Witte Roos in the saga
of Richard III," 1919; and a trans-
lation (with Frederic Schenk) of
three of Holberg's comedies, in 1914.
Remember, too, that service is part of our policy. Pleasing you means
giving you what you want--when you want it. You can always depend
on Goldman Bros.!'
~"clear.a_ u, breath of cf pin
record, and the capacity of the applicant to do col-
Examinations of the old kind test memory rather!
than ability to think or reason, knowledge rather
than appreciation. By cramming for several weeks
wedding with the prince that is being celebrated.
Fevronia wonders why the sky is so clear and
beautiful. She is told that this is a result of the
prayers of the just inhabitants of Kitej. She further
remarks the dazzling whiteness of the garments of