_, -- -
OL. XLII, No. 178.
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 3, 1932
FOR REILIF LOANS1
P UT BEFOREHOUS
Plan Would Provide Direct Aid
to States, Increase Fund
for Finance Body.l
$1,800,000,000 IS ASKED
Senate Debates 10 Per Cent Cut
in All Government Salaries;1
Passes Farm Aid Bill.j
WASHINGTON, June 2.-(/P)-An
administration program for reliev-4
ing the distress of unemployment
was presented to Congress today
while the Senate debated whether,
to cut government salaries 10 per
cent for economy's sake.
Representative Hawley introduc-
ed two bills with the administra-
tors' approval calling for a $300,-
000,000 fund for relief loans to
states and $1,500,000,000 additional
borrowing power for the Recon-
struction Finance Corporation to
make other loans which would in-
Their int-roduction came at the
same time as secretaries Mills and
Hurley were testifying before Sen-
ate and House committees that
Democratic proposals for public
construction programs financed by
bond issues were unsound and
would give only a negligible in-
crease in jobs.
Budget Bill in Conference.
The billion-dollar budget-balanc-
ing revenue bill, meanwhile, was in
conference between the Senate and
House with indications that the
new tax rates added at the last
minute by the Senate would remain
intact. The increase in individual
income tax rates voted by the Sen-
ate, however, provided food for
thought and a slight modification
in the lower brackets was predict-
While the House considered min-
or legislation, the Senate passed
and sent to the House a bill provid-
ing that loans may be made by the
Reconstruction Corporation to far-
m ers f.oplanting-crops which are
not actually produced before the
end of 1932.
Mills Goes Before Senate.'
Mills went before the Senate
Blanking Committee to give his
views on the relief program spon-
sored by Senator Robinson.
Of the $500,000,000 proposed for
public works, he said $265,000,000
would give work to only 53,943 men.
He approved in principle of the
Democratic plan to lend to the
States to aid the jobless, b u t
thought that such advances should
be only upon proof of their neces-
Hurley, before the House Ways
and Means Committee, d.iscussed
the Rivers and Harbors projects in-
cluded in the Garner plan, which
President Hoover has denounced as
a huge "pork barrel.''
C- ONTESTS PLANNED
BRIDGE'S 'FOUR HORSEMEN' SPLIT;
CAN'T DECIDE WHO WAS.DISCHARGED TAMMANY TO*BACK
CA'TDEID-HOWA- Iflfl 11111 urn im.
NEW YORK, June 2.-(/P)-"The gave his explanation:
Four Horsemen," contract bridgel "I was away from New York on
stars, were disrupted today, but a lecture tour during April and
wtherthrehsemend irdyonewhen I returned I discovered that
whether three horsemen fired one my teammates had become rather
or one dropped three was a mat- jealous of my being better known
ter of dispute. than they. A series of discussions
Over their signatures, P. Hal followed that culminated in my
Sims, Willard S. Karn and David withdrawal from playing with the
Burnstine announced: Jacoby, who was the first part-
"Oswald Jacoby was d r o p p e d ner of Sidney S. Lenz in last win-
from our team because he attempts ter's great test of contract bidding
ed to use his position for the pur- systems with Ely Culbertson, will be
post of promoting his own ends to replaced on the Horsemen's team
our detriment. An actual move on by Howard Schenken, who was one
his part to disrupt our team made of Culbertson's five partners.
further association with him both Jacoby resigned fromh the big
undesirable and impossible, despite match after a dispute with Lenz
the fact that when faced with a over his own psychic bids and what
definite alternative he agreed to he thought were misplays by Lenz.
drop his objectionable activities." Culbertson immediately p r a i s e d
At Dallas, where he is on a Jacoby as a player and for a time
honey-moon with the former Mary considered taking him as a partner
Zita Mc Hale, tennis star, Jacoby against Lenz.
MRYUM YVLNU IN
CITY GRAFT INQUIRY1
Harding Oil Scandal HEADS COMMITTE EAUMNI PDESENI
WASHINGTON, June 2.-(/P)- f
Criminal charges against Albert,
B. Fall, Harry F. Sin lair, Edward E D RUS INS
L. Doheny and Edward L. Doheny,
Jr., were dismissed today by Justice: fi AM TfITUII'I
--- - - - - - - - 1
ON WAY TO CAPITAL
Bonus Seekers Create Problem
for Washington Charities;
Red' Rumor Probed.
(Byt Ie Associated Press)
While Washington city officials
racked their brains for means of
caring for war veterans already
there demanding payment of the
bonus, thousands more were re-
ported en route yesterday from'
many sections of the country.
Government agencies are investi-
gating reports that the marches on
the capital were inspired by com-
Some 600 already are billeted in
vacant buildings in Washington
and 900 more are believed "float-
ing" through local charity houses.
Press and private reports to the
officials indicate this number may
be augmented by several thousand
veterans already on the march.
Between 300 and 500 left Camden,;
N.J., yesterday, and 200 more were
near Wilmington, Del., on foot.
About 400 more were reported on
a freight train en route from Pitts-
From Jamestown, N.D., came the
word that a Pacific coast conting-
ent of 125 men and one woman left
there, eastward bound. A delegation
of 800, including units from Detroit,
was assured transportation from
Cleveland when New York Central
railroad officials decided there was
no way to prevent them from the
boarding of a freight train.
Five Southern groups were mov-
ing along the Atlantic seaboard
and Dallas, Tex., reported veterans
gathering there from all over the
state for a big march.
Other points also were watching
the groups form as the word spread.
Meanwhile, Pelham D. Glassford,
superintendent of the Washington
police, was receiving co-operation
from state governors whom he had
asked not to help transport the
veterans there, where no provision
was made for them.
Governor Murray of Oklahoma
declined to make arrangements to
convey a group of Texas veterans
across his state, but warned that
other "hungry folk" would be
marching toward the Capital by
Last Day to Obtain
Senior announcements will be
given out today for the last time
in Room 4 University hall. Those
who fail to call for theirs before
3 p.m., will not be able to obtain
them until after final examina-
tions. The number of announce-
ments on sale is limited.
SOCIOLO1GISTS P ICK
TWO PRIZE THESELS
Mary Hickman Takes Eita Krom
Award; Faith Ralph Wins
Chi Omega Contest.
The winners of the annual Eita
Krom and Chi Omega SociologyI
prize contest were announced yes-.
terday. Mary B. Hickman, '33, was
awarded $50 in the Eita Krom
Award for her paper on her home
community, Mt. Vernon, Missouri.
This prize was founded about en
years ago by the parents of Eita
Krom, a student in sociology, who
died while she was attending the
University. It is open to anyone in
the literary college who is taking
The Chi Omega prize of $25 was
won by Faith L. Ralph, '33, for her
paper on, "Myself Emerging." This
prize is awarded to the woman
submitting the best thesis of the
year, enrolled in Sociology 51.
The judges were Prof. Arthur E.
Wood, Prof. Lowell J. Carr, and the
Sociology 51 staff.
NEoW R EICH REGIME,
LETS POLICt STNOD
Von Papen, in Oath, Upholds
Existing Foreign Attitude;
May Dissolve Diet.
Gotham Head Did No Wrong,
Assert His Cohorts; Plan
COUNSEL DELAYS ACTION
Roosevelt Has Not Asked for
Transcript of Testimony,
Seabury Announces. I
NEW YORK, June 2.-(/)-Tam-
many Hall, while waiting Samuel
Seabury's next move against Mayor
Walker, is standing loyally behind
its chief city office-holder.
No repudiation of Walker is plan-
ned, Tammany leaders let it be
Since the mayor's two-day ap-
pearance before the Hofstadter leg-
islative committee, of which Sea-
bury is counsel, the organization's
spokesmen have maintained em-
phatically that no wrong-doing on
Walker's part had been uncovered.
Seabury Leaves City.
As Seabury left for Pennsylvania
to deliver an address he said Gov-
ernor Roosevelt had not requested
a transcript of the testimony refer-
ring to the mayor.
At the Inquiry Board's heidquar-
ters it was said the committee
counsel planned to take no immed-
iate action in the Walker case.
This was regarded in some quar-
ters as "Seabury strategy," so that
at some future date he might pre-
face charges against Walker with
the statement that as no request
for the transcript had been made
by Roosevelt, he felt it incumbent
upon him to take the initiative as
a private citizen.
Governor Remains Neutral.
On the other hand, the Gover-
nor's attitude through out the 14-
month investigation has been that
his position in the situation is that
of a magistrate, who may be called
upon to pass judgment on -charges
brought against officiaIs, and"whose
neutrality must be strictly preserv-
Tammany has contended from
the outset of the investigation that
Seabury has questioned witnesses
along improper lines and that the
chairman of the committee has
ruled illegally on many of the ob-
jections raised by Democratic min-
ority members of the committee.
Ncw Premicr Says Toko May
Withdraw From League.
TOKYO, June 2.-(/P)--There is
absolutely no danger of war be-
tween Japan and Soviet Russia
Viscount Makoto Saito declared to-
day in one of his first statements
on foreign policy since he assumed
the premiership last week.
The viscount accused "a consid-
erable and influential section o
American and European opinion'
of being too hasty in criticizing
Japan's course in Manchuria an
Shanghai, and hinted that possibil-
ities might impel the Tokyo gov-
ernment to withdraw from the
League of Nations.
On the subject of Russian rela-
tions, the premier declared thai
"theattitude of. the Soviet govern
I ment respecting affairs in Man-
churia has been perfectly correct
and we only wish that the Sovie
government might see a way to re-
pose such a further measure o:
confidence in Japan's sincerity a
would enable the Soviet union t
discontinue all concentration o
troops in the Far East."
James M. Proctor in the District of
Columbia Supreme Court.'
This action, by request of Atlee
Pomerene, Government prosecutor,
wiped the docket clean of charges
growing out of the celebrated oil
trials following the Harding ad-
Three indictments were quashed
-two against Fall and Sinclair and
the other against the Dohenys and
Fall-all charging conspiracy.
Well-Known Automobile Pioneer
Taken Ill While Motoring
to Visit Friends..
DETROIT, June 2. - (P) -- Hugh
Chalmers, the pioneer automobile
manufacturer and an important
figure in Detroit financial circles
for a quarter of a century, died to-
day in Beacon, N.Y.
The 58-year-old industrial leader
became suddenly ill several days
ago while he was motoring with
Mrs. Chalmers en route to visit Mr.
and Mrs. E. H. Gibbs at Bronxville,
N.Y., and was taken to a hospital.
A heart weakness developed today
and he died this afternoon.
Until he retired about 10 years
ago, Mr. Chalmers was a prominent
figure in the automobile industry.
He was president at one time of
the Chalmers-Detroit Motor com-
pany, and his name was for years
one of those identified with a make
He was born in Dayton, O., Oct.
3, 1873, and was reared in that city.
He was connected for a number of
years with the National Cash Regis-
ter company, rising from office boy
to the office of general manager
and vice-president. He came to De-
troit in 1907. In adition to the firm
,using his name he was interested
at various times in other automo-
bile and industrial concerns.
Associated Prsa LiPoto
To James R. Garfield (above) of
Ohio, President Hoover has entrust-
ed the task of compiling the plat-
form upon which he and the repub-
lican party will wage this year's
campaign. He is chairman of con-
vention resolutions committee.
New Jersey Labor Leader Tells
Liberals Shift Can Be Made
Declaring that socialism can and
should be established in the United
States without bloodshed and that
chaos instead of socialism would be
the result of a revolution, Henry
Jaeger, prominent labor leader in
New Jersey and a"member of the
Socialist party for 38 years, spoke
before a meeting of the Liberal
Student's union last night in the
Natural Science auditorium.
Mr. Jaeger stated that the Amer-
ican worker received only 12 and
one-half per cent of work produced.,
as compared with 60 to 70 per cent
in the early part of the 19th cen-
tury and 17 per cent in 1910. The
result of the capitalist system in
the United States will be a dictator-
ship of big business men, which
will degenerate into an oligarchy.
unless socialism is adopted, he said
Specific acts of socialism, should
they gain power, were mentioned by
Mr. Jaeger. Approximately 3,000,000
children between the ages of eighi
and eighteen would be sent to
school at the expense of the gov-
ernment and in this way create
jobs for about 2,000,000 unemployed
men. Government operation of the
mines and railroads with a six hour
day and a five day week would be
other methods of relieving the pre-
sent depression, acording to Jaeger.
Depressions every four or five
years and widespread unemploy-
ment due to lack of new foreign
markets was predicted by the
speaker. The cause of the depres-
sion is an oversupply of manufac-
tured goods that can not be sold
because the foreign markets are
also filled to capacity, said Jaeger.
He also stated that in previous de-
pressions the surplus was always
dumped on undeveloped foreign
markets, but now that there are no
undeveloped foreign markets, thc
depression will probably last for at
least ten more years.
Frederick R. Wheeler
Killed in Auto Crash
Frederick Roy Wheeler, '34, was
killed near his home in Victor, New
York, Monday when the motorcycle
upon which he was riding crashed
with an auto, it was learned yes-
terday. Wheeler, who was 21, died
almost instantaneously from the
force of the impact.
A new plan of deferred rushing,
designed to go into effect next
fall, was presented to President
Alexander Grant Ruthven yester-
day by the Policy committee of
a group of alumni who have met,
several times during the last
month to consider the fraternity
Although the exact nature of
the plan has not as yet been re-
vealed, it is understood that' it
does iot direr greatly from the
mushing systin that was adopted
'unanimo;: 1:,by all of the general
fraternities at the last meeting of
the Interfraternity Council.
The rulings accepted at that time
provided for the deferring of rush-
ing during Orientation week. only
and the deferring of pledging dur-
ing the first two weeks of school.
Plans Go to Senate Committee.
President Ruthven said last night
that he would turn the newly pro-
posed plan over to the Senate Con-
rnittee on Student Affairs immedi-
ately. The committee will study the
plan and then make a report to
the alumni group.
If the Senate committee decides
to pass the plan it will be the ac-
:epted regulations for rushing next
year, acording to a provision in
the constitution of the Interfra-
Lernity council. "It is entirely up
.o the Senate Committee on Stu-
lent Affairs to deal with the ques-
ion," President Ruthven said.
Judiciary to Act on Plan.
. The endorsement of either plan
oy the Judiciary Committee of the
"nterfraternity Council has not as
yet been made as the body has been
unable to arrange a time, when all
members could be present, to meet.
Edwin Turner, '33, Council presi-
lent, said last night that he would
;:all a meeting of this group for
aext Tuesday night.
According to N. S. Potter, presi-
lent of the alumni body, the Policy
,ommittee has made every effort
"o get the plan into the hands of
.he University officials before the
;lose of the school term, so that
,hen it is accepted, it can go into
-ffect next fall.
"The members of the alumni
'rganization are whole-heartedly
)ehind the plan," he said, "but
'here is nothing that we can do
until we receive a report from the
Head of Labor
lister Tells Projects
Interpretive Arts Group
for Coming Year.
Definite assurance of a poetry
reading contest for the first sem-
ester of next year, with a possibil-
ity of a dramatic or Shakespearean
competition for the second semes-
ter, wasmade at a meeting of the
Interpretive Arts society on Wed--
nesday by the newly elected direc-
tor, Prof. Richard D. T. Hollister, of
the Speech department.
The second semester event will
be an addition tomthepresent pro-
gram of the group, which has spon-
cored a public recital and the
poetry reading contest this year.
Both competitions will be open to
novice members of the society and
will be presented at a recital open
to the public.
Five new members were elected
to the executive board, which con-+
trols the society at this last meet-
ing of the year. Besides Professor
Hollister they include, Marion F.
Stowe, department of speech, Mich-
igan State Normal college, assistant
director; Evelyn Walford, '32, sec-
retary-treasurer; Mrs. Frances Pet-
tibone, Ann Arbor, and Nancy H.
Reed, '32. Students who are not as
yet members of the society but are
interested in preparing material
during the summer are invited to
ennul,11w~i th Professor Holl1ister.-
Wins Trip to Poland
A comprehensive tour of Poland
with all expenses paid has been
awarded Kasimir Karpinski, Grad.,
of Detroit, by the Polish National
alliance, it was announced yester-
day. Karpinski, who was graduated
from the engineering college in
1931, is one of two students in the
country who have been awarded
one of these free.- tours.
Exempt From New
Tax on Admisisons
WASHINGTON, June 2. - (/P) -
Collegiate sporting events and the
Olympic games are exempt from
the new admissions taxes in the
revenue bill as it stands approved
by the senate.
The senate struck from the meas-
ure house provisions removing ex-
emptions for admission to college
sporting events and the difference
must be threshed out in conference.
Both house and senate measures
levy a 10 per cent tax on a wide
variety of sporting goods including
tennis rackets and nets, skates
BERLIN, June 2.-1P')-Chancel-
lor Franz von Papen, whose new
ministry is more closely linked to
the old imperial regime than any
cabinet since the war, announced
tonight there would be no change
in Germany's foreign policy. He
made this important declaration
after he and his ministers had
taken the oath before President
Paul von Hindenburg and had held
their first meeting.
The cabinet meeting was called
to draft a declaration of policy to
be read before the Reichstag, prob-
ably next Tuesday. It was semi-
officially announced that as soon
as the declaration had been read
the Reichstag would be dissolved,
thus thwarting a vote of non-con-
The new chancellor's statement
that the foreign policy would b(
unchanged-a significant assertior
in view of the important repara-
tions conference to be held at Lau-
sanne on June 16-mentioned th(
safeguarding of national interests,
and efforts by international co-op-
eration to bring about a return of
The chancellor conferred with
Dr. Hans Luther, president of the
Reichbank. They agreed that. no
measures would be undertaken by
the new government that might en-
danger Germany's exchange - an
agreement tantamount to a pledge
to adhere to the gold standard.
The cabinet list was completed
today with the acceptance of Baron
Konstantin von Neurath of the for-
MANHATTAN, Kan., June 2.-()
-The failure of business experts to
plan for expansion of buying power
and enlargement of the home mar-
ket was blamed today in an ad-
dress by William Green, president
of the American Federation of
Labor, for the present economic
The labor leader told the grad-
uating class of the Kansas State
College that a false policy of dis-
placing workers with machinery
was followed and that the challenge
to education's forces is to right that
Wider diffusion of created wealth
and reductions in the working week
and day were advanced by Green
as pressing needs.
He expressed confidence that de-
spite the economic unrest America
will prove poor seeding ground for
'the Communistichor Fascist politi-
cal philosophy which has taken a
deep hold upon certain nations in
Green emphasized that "our ma-
terialistic attitude' must be aban-
doned in favor of becoming social-
minded "to combat those forces of
evil which have wrought destruc-
tion of human and material val-
to Land War Materials
To Survey U. S.-Argentine Trade
, ... *
An extensive study of the condi-
tions of American business inter-
ests in the temperate South Ameri-
can countries will be made next
year by Prof. Dudley M. Phelps of
the School of Business Administra-
tion, it was learned yesterday.
A research fellowship awarded to
Professor Phelps by the Social Sci-
ence Research council last March
will make the trip possible.
Professor Phelps will leave for
Argentina next July 1 and will re-
turn to Ann Arbor in September,
1933. Most of his time, asserts Pro-
*, * *
American branch factories, and the
comparison of the methods of the
French, German, and British con-
cerns with those of the United
States in the development of these
markets, Professor Phelps said yes-
terday. The extent of the govern-
ment control over foreign subsi-
diaries will be ascertained.
South American governments are
not overly favorable towards Amer-
ican interests, because of the fact
that the United States buys very
little of the food products and raw
materials w h i c h comprise the
to import manufactured articles.'
Because of the depression, the
prices have dropped considerably,
and though the quantity of their
exports is holding up, the dollar
value has decreased greatly.
"As a result, the American export
trade is suffering. This is felt es-
pecially by the manufacturers of
automobiles and other highly tech-
nical products, which constitute the
larger share of United States im-.
ports into temperate South Ameri-
Since the war the American ex-
LONDON, June 2.-(P)-A Rus-
yIan attempt to land arms in south-
rn Ireland for the Irish Republi-
*an army, the Daily Express said
;oday, was thwarted by the British
iavy over the past week-end.
The arms, the paper said, were
ntended to be used by the Repub-
ican forces, who were placed un-
1 e he ban of the government dur-
ng previous regime of Presi-
:lent Cosgrave of the Free State, in
h e event of a conflict between the
Tree State and Ulster.
Tb 'ramp steamers carrying the
arms.:,, Ls.id werr "'arned by radio
of the activity of British warships
which se, t to head them off at
Irish por,- ;nd they returned to
the foreign ports where they were
chartered without being able to
land the fighting equipment.
The Irish. Republican army took
on a new lease of life after the
election of President Eamon de
Valera as president of the Free
Increase Is Noticeable
in Automobile Sales