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November 11, 1931 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1931-11-11

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0

___THE MCICHICAN D AIEY

Published every morning except Monday during the University year
by the Board in Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Association.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for re-
publication of all news dispatches credited to it. or not otherwise
credited in this paper and the local news published herein.
ELAered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as second
class matter. Special rate of postae granted by Third Assistant
P~stmaster General..

ceed under the state of mind which exists in the
world today.
* LAST VWEEI'S BEST SELLERSr

DR. F. G. NOVY
(Editor's Note-This is the first
of a series of articles on outstand-
ing members of the University fac-
ulty. Others will be published in
this column on Wednesday of each
week.)
By E. Jerome Pettit
To his colleagues on +ie faculty,
Dr. Frederick George Novy, profes-

Subscription by carr er $4..00; by' mail, $4.50

I

Offices: Ann Arbor Press Building, Maynard Street, Ann Arbor,
Kichigan. Phones: Editorial, 4925; Business, 21214.
EDITORIAL STAFF
Telephone 492.5
MANAGING EDITOR
*RICHARD L. TOBIN
Editorial Director...........................Beach Conger, Jr.'
City Editor ............................. .Carl Forsythe
ews Edtor..................... ..........David M. Nichol
Sportls Edltor............................Sheldon C. Fullerton
Wornen's Editor. . ..................Margaret M. Thompson
Assistant News Editor ..........................Robert L. Pierce

Slater's
Mourning Becomes Electra, by Eugene O'Neil
(Horace Liveright) $2.50.
A White Bird Flying, by Bess Streeter Aldrich
(Appleton) $2.00.
Twelve Secrets of the Caucasus, by EssA-Bey
(Viking Press) $3.00.
All, Ye People, by' Merle Colby. (Viking Press
$2.50.,
Beyond The Pyrenees, by Marcel Aurousseau
(King) $3.50.
/ Wahr's
The Waves, by Virginia Woolf. (Harcourt Brace
$2.59.'
Shadows on The Rock, by Willa Cather. (Alfre
Knopf) $2.50.
Hatter's Castle, by A. J. Cronin. (Little Brown
$2.50.
Inheritance; by John Drinkwater. (Henry Holt
$3.00.
Sparks, Fly Upward, by Oliver LaFarge. (Hough-
ton Mifflin) $2.50.

2.
1.

frank B. Gilbreth
Rolar'd Goodyman
Bari S(iffert

NIGHT EDITORS
J. Cullen Kennedy James Inglis'
Jerry E Rosenthal
George A. Stauter

WVlber J. Myera
jrian Jones

Stanley W. Arnheim
Lawson E. Becker
Thomas Connellan
Samuel (. Ellis
Samuel L. Tinkle
LouisB3. ascoigne
Dorothy Brockman
Miriam Carver
Beatrice Co1ins
Louise Crmndall
Elsie Feldman
Prudence Foster

Sports Assistants
John W. Thomas
REPORTERS
Fred A. Jiuber
Norman Kraft
Roland Martin
henry Meyer f
,Marion A. Mlczewskl
Albert H. Newman
1. Jerome Pettit
Georgia Geisman.
Alice Gilbert
Martha Littleton
Elizabeth Long
Frances Mrnchester
Elizabeth Mann

John S. Townsend
Charles A. Sanford
john W. PrItchard
Joseph Rnnihan
l. FA rt Seitumf
I racldey Shaw
Parker 1R.Snyder
G. R. Winters
Margaret O'Brien
Hillary Rarden
D)orothy Rinideld
Elma Wadsworth
Josephine Woodhams

BUSINESS STAFF
Telephone 21214
CHARLES T. KLINE..........................Business Manager
NORRIS P. JOIINSON.....................Assistant Manager
Department Managers
Advertising........... .. .......................Vernon Bishop
Advertising Contracts.............................Robert 'Callahan
Advertisirg Service.......... ................... .Byron C. Vedder
Publcations.. ..............................Willi m T. Brown
Circulation .... ........ .................Harry R. Begley
Accounts.....................................Richard Stratemeir
Women's Business Manager......................Ann'W. Verner

I WHAT'S GOING ON
MICHIGAN-"Susan Lenox: Her Fall and Rise'
with Greta Garbo and Clark Gable.
MAJESTIC--"The Phantom of Paris" with John
Gilbert and Leila Hyams.
WUERTH-"East of Borneo" with Charles Bick-
ford.
PIJAY PRODUCTION-"A Marriage of Conven-
ience" by Dumas.

rvil Aronson
ibert E. Bursley
len Clark
obert Finn
nna Becker
artha Jane Cissel
nevieve Field
axine Fischgrund
n Galrimnyer
ary Harrinyan

Assistants
John Keysee
Arthur F. Kohn
James Lowe
Bernard E. Scimacke
Anne Harsha
Katharine Jackson
Dort by Layi
Virginia Mc~omb
Carolin Mosher
ie glen Olsen
Pelen Schmeede

Grafton W. Sharp
Donald Johnson
Don Lyon
J3ernard H. Good
May Seefried,
Minnie Seng
Helen Spencer
Kathirn Stork
Glare lnger
Mary Elizabeth Watts

Night Editor-KARL SEIFFERT
THURSDAY, NOVEliER 12, 1931

New

40

mistice

ARMISTICE DAY, for the thirteenth time, will
be commemorated today with the appropriate
ceremonies by citizens all over the country. Par-
ades, speeches and neswpaper editorials will mark
the day's activities and everyone's thoughts for
the time being will be given over to the memory
of those who died in the war. Tomorrow everyone
will go back to work.
This is a fitting time to briefly review 'the
world's affairs. Since the war ended. in 1918, it
has been estimated that the "war to end war"
gave rise to more troubles between nations than
any other conflict the world has seen. S$krmishes
have been frequent in the Balkans, strife is con-
stant in the East, South American revoluvtions are!
comm9n. European countries are still jeaus and!
fearful of each other, and the war has not been a
minor cause for our present economiccondition.
We have constantly heard, ever since th war
ended, that the only way to end hostilities is
through disarmament and pacifists have been e x-
tremely loud in this claim. They, hpwever, are
idealists and this is not an idealistic world.
Of course, no ope wants another world war.
Civilization probably couldn't stand one, at least
for a few more decades. Extreme disarmament,
however, with a drastic curtailment of navy power
in the United States would be suicidal but the
ardent pacifist is adamant in his. claim for this
condition. A weakened navy which, many are
advocating removes the protection of our coasts,
opens the door for Japan and other jealous nations
to come into the Philippines, Guam or any other
Pacific American possession. A small and ineffi-'
cient navy also takes away the guardianship of the
Caribbean and South American countries, which
our navy has always effected.
We do not want the American navy to become
aggressive or become a source of fear to smaller
countries but we do want it to become an organ-
ization capable of making jealous and aggressive
nations respect it and be a real protection to Amer-
ica. ,
. The burden placed upon the taxpayer to sup-
port a large and efficient army and navy is exag-
gerated and decried by the pacifist. He does not,
however, say anything about the money the tax-
payer pays which goes for the futile enforcement
of an amendment and law no one will obey. The
cost of that enforcement is several times that of
supporting a decent navy and army.
The aivocation of war and aggressiveness is,
of course, not a policy for any newspaper to fol-
low. No well-thinking individual or organization
will seriously consider such an attitude as sane or
even serious. War, is, however, an ever present
evil and it is still a condition which must be con-
sidered with the utmost intelligence. Armistice
Day, though it is a day for commemoration, must
also be a time when the future of the political
world must be considered. It is necessary to con-
sider the arguments of both militarism and paci-
fism and it is conclusive that the policy of pre-

ILI
To The Editor:
Modern history tells how very easily a powerful
military element, like apoisonous parasite, dissi-
pates manpower, wealth, and civilization. Millions
upon millions of dollars were squandered in the brief
period of 1914-18 on devices whose sole purpose was
to reduce the human being to a lifeless rotting heap.
Unfortunates who met the customary tragic fate in
our last defensiv'e war we are to honor Nov. 11th,
most appropriately. Yet, without disparagment to
the hapless victims and in justice to our civilization,
we must admit that war, like the Mississippi flood
and other maligiant phenomena, can in a large
measure, be successfully avoided. (Yes, defense we
must have; but that is beside the point.) Therefore.
why would it not be most patriotic and fitting that
we express the optimistic view that perhaps these
men died to introduce an era in which common
sense and public welfare have at last a fighting
chance to prevail over the blood-stained, time hon-
ored form of pseudo-patriotism that thrives on the
lives of citizens while pretending to preserve them?
When by virtue of a national holiday the dead vic-
tims of our ,national policies are once more -brought'
into the limelight, it seems little short of barbaric
narrowness, to exclude from a public Armistice Day
gathering any representation whose objective is to
show that the warlike method of hero making with
its tremendous inevitable losses offsets tenfold public
and private gain. Rather let us utilize the occasion
to point out that the lives of dear ones were not
sacrificed that we might stand by, unappreciative
of their suffering, without passing thought of how
we might guard another generation from a similar
ghastly mistake. F. W. M. '34L.
To The Editor:
War is serious economic loss to any country,
whether it be victorious or defeated, is the opinion of
Dr. Howard S. Ellis, assistant professor of economics
of this University. Except in a case of a nation con-
quering a backward people and incorporating their
resources, there is no profit to be gained, he believes,
and even in such a case-if for example, Japan were
to get Manchuria at the cost of an expensive war and
the loss of many lives-the end would not be worth
the effort.
Salvador de Madariaga estimates that the nations
of the world spend on their "defense" budgets about
$3,856,000 per year. He states that if the total ob-
tained by adding the defense budgets of the members
of the League for one year were set aside, the capital'
thus secured would meet the present expenses of the
League of Nations, 'including the World Court and
the International Labor Office, for about six centur-
ies. This means that the world, even when we ex-
clude the nations not in the League, is nowadaysa
spending in preparing for war six hundred times the
sum it devotes to preparing for peace. This being
the case how can we expect the League to be as effi-
cient as the military systems in the individual na-
tions? Does any nation have a Peace department in
its government? How can we say that peace methods
are a failure until we give them as fair a trial as wea
do those of war?
How are these vast sums for "defense" spent?
They are spent for men and material. These costly"
guns, aeroplanes and battleships, how long- do they
last? The number of shots a gun can shoot is smaller
than the number of dollars it costs. The life of a
battleship can be represented by a number of years
smaller than the number of millions of dollars which'
went into its making. The skill and labor which
goes into the production of armaments is not only
directed to wrong uses, but to fleeting uses. The
defense expenditure is so huge that it would suffice
to pension off all workers employed in war industries
and yet leave a substantial surplus for the nation's
treasury.
The United States now spends approximately
seven hundred millions annually on the current ex-

T. sor of bacteriology and member of
the executive committee of the
) medical school, is a modest, unas-
suming, and amicable personality
- who has spent the greater part of
his life bettering conditions fo'r hu-
manity. To his students he has al-
)ways been a most popular tdacher
and yet a severe enough supervisor
d to arouse the admiration of all. To
the University he is a man who has
) preeminently represented the in-
stitution for more than 45 years.
) Michigan knows him as the foun-
der, with Dr. V. C. Vaughan, of the
- first hygienic laboratory in the
United States, an untiring worker
in connection with the purification
of the state's water supply, and
one of the leading authorities on
the science of the germ theory of
disease.
To the world he is one of those
remarkably few individuals who
have made the sacrifice of devot-
ing an entire lifetime to the study
of human problems.
Doctor Novy was born Dec. 9,
1864, at Chicago, Ill. By the time
he was 27 years of age he had earn-
ed four degrees at the University
of Michigan, BS., M.S., Se.D., and
M.D. While acquiring those four
degrees he also studied abroad, un-
der the famous Koch in Berlin, and
at the Pasteur Institute in Paris.
Since then he has received an
L.L.D. and honorary letters from
other institutions.
His first position with the Uni-
versity faculty was taken in 1886
SwhenDoctor Novy became an as-
sistant in the department of or-
ganic chemistry. From there he
advanced to an instructorship, and
then became, respectively, assist-
ant professor, associate professor,
and professor. In 1902 he was made
full professor in the department of
bacteriplogy and Director of the
Hygienic Laboratory of the Uni-
versity, both of which positions he
is still capably filling, as well as
serving as Director of Pre-Clinical
medicine and spending much of his
time on research activities.
I1 4901, the United States Gov-
ernment appointed Doctor Novy a
member of the commission to in-
vstigate plague. He was, for a
two-year period, a member of the
state board of health. He is still
a member of the National Academy
of Sciences, an honorary member
of the Harvey Society of New
York, and of the Pathological So-
ciety of Philadelphia. He also be-
longs to numerous other scientific
organizations, both in this counfry
and abroad.
Perhaps one of the most out-
standing of the numerous honors
which have been bestowed upon
the distinguished scientist is the
Chevalier of the Legion of Honor.
He was awarded this degree in 1924
by the French Government in rec-
ognition of his extensive achieve-
ments in the field of bacteriology,
especially in consideration of his
prominent participation in t h e
Pasteur Centennial, and work in
the Pasteur Institute, as well as
in the organization of the Interna-
tional Congress of Public Hygiene,
held in Strassburg. This degree,
which is conferred for contribu-
tions to th advancement of civili-
zation, is the highest honor bes-
towed upon a foreigner by any na-
tion.
In 1926, Doctor Novy was made
the recipient of the Henry Russel
lecture award of this University
and last year he was selected Kober
lecturer at Georgetown University.
Both of these tributes were made

on a basis of contributions to sci-
entific investigation.
Two years ago a magnificent
portrait of Doctor JNovy was pre-
sented to the University by his
friends. Many of his former stu-
dents were notified of the fund
which was being raised for the pic-
ture and it was so over-subscribed
that many sums had to be returned
to the donors. ;The presentation
took place on the Doctor's sixty-
fifth birthday, and the portrait now
hangs in Alumni Memorial hall.
Last year Doctor Novy received
the Decoration of the White Cross
of Czecho-Slovakia. A week later
he was one of three faculty mem-
bers to be honored by a joint ses-
sion of the Michigan State Legisla-
ture.
Doctor Novy has all his life been

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