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January 23, 1931 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1931-01-23

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VOL XLI. No, 86






Amazed Less at India's Coming
Freedom than at Revolt
Without Arms.

Assails President's Authority to
Return the Nominations of
Power Commissioners.
Moves to Refer Nominations to
Iapxnt t C Bnmer dfch

'Charity Begins at Home', States
Former President in
S1-0,000,000 FUND ASKED
Urges Relief for Unemployed;
Praises Generosity of
American People.-

Says it is Neither England
India but Christianity
That is on Trial.


"What amazes me about India is
not ,that it is becoming free, but
that it has attempted a revolution
without arms," said Will Durant,
author and lecturer, speaking here
last night on "The Case for India."
"If India becomes free," he said,
"once again we shall be able to
believe that right has might. This
really is not India on trial, notI
England on trial; it is Christianity
on trial."
In the seventeenth century, Dur-
ant pointed out, India was the
leader of the world's culture and
very nearly the leader of the
world's industry. British traders
gained a foothold and graduallyI
took over the country for the sake
of its huge wealth. After India was
placed under British control, it was
ruthle s sly exploited, and was
changed in less than 300 years from
the wealthiest country in the world
to the poorest.
Says Hindus Paid for Wars.
The British boasted that they
brought the "Pax Britannica" to
the co , Durant said, when in
reality they instituted in the nine-
teenth century alone 111 wars
against Hindu troops, payed for
with Hindu money. Taxation was
so severe, it was an official boast4
that the English got more revenues
than the native princes had ever
been able to extort.
"Edmund Burke predicted that if
taxation and extortion continued,
it would ruin India," Durant said.
"It has." The average total posses-
sion of an Indian fmly amounts
to about $10, and the average total
income is about $33.
Attacks 'Mother India'.
Attacking Katherine Mayo's book,
"Mother India," which he called
"literal truth but spiritual false-
hood," Durant said, "People are not
poor because they are ignorant,
they are ignorant because they are
poor." The Hindus have been con-
stantly blocked by the British in
their attempts to prohibit child
marriages and to secure compulsory
education. The opium traffic in In-
dia is carried on by the British gov-
ernment in government stores, he
Although the Hindus are pledged
to cleanliness by religion, Durant
said, there is much disease because
the British government spends only
$5,000,000 a year on public health
in a country of 300,000,000 people.;
Famines have steadily grown more
serious under the British control,
he said.
St A nsBullodtinss
January 22, 1931.
principal of Union high school here,
declared forfeited all football games
played by his school, city co-cham-
pions, since Sept. 2, 1930. He said
the action was taken after he had
learned that Frank Cook, 17, a jun-
ior and star fullback, had signed

I-T jqc--

Ramsey MacDonald,
Prime Minister of England, who,
although defeated in the House of
Commons on an amendment to an
education bill, remained in office.
MacDonald System is Defeated
on Education Amendment;

rs5ate %oxmmerce oi~tu
for Investigation.
(By Assoriatrd Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22. --T h
Senate was called upon today b
Senator Walsh, Democrat, Mon
tana, to go to court in its disput
with President Hoover over the re
turn of the nominations of thre
members of the power commission
Assailing the position taken b)
Mr. Hoover that he was withou
authority to return the nomina
tions after they had been con
firmed and the members had as
sumed office, Senator Walsh told
the Senate he was prepared to ask
the district attorney to institute
Moves to Refer Nominatiors.
Walsh first moved to refer the
nominations, which the Senate has
placed back on its calendar, to the
Interstate Commerce committee for
If the Senate approves that ac-
tion, Walsh said he would offer a
resolution to have
the Senate direct
tho dlicf i t f r 1 : ::::?:".

cr asTrict actor-
Stays in Office.
'* ney here to insti-
tute quo warrante
(IBY AVsOcWi('d Press)
LONDON, Jan. 22.-Although de_ a c t io n i n the
feated in the house of commons by court to test the'
33 votes on an amendment to its right of the three :
education bill, the government of commiss T o n e r s,
Prime Minister MacDonald remain- Chairman Smith,
ed in office today, considering the 1 Marcel Garsaud *aemt n.
issue at stake in the amendment of ' and C 1 a u d e L ~
minor character. The vote was 282 =Draper, to hold
to 249. office.
The refusal to resign led Win- The S e n a t e's u
ston Churchill, Conservative, to previous vote to
.commxten tba. Mr. Machonald was reco n-s i d e r the THOMAS a. WAL".5j
"the greatest living master of the nominations and
art of falling without hurting him- request President Hoover to return
self." them carried by a majority of sev-
The government accepted the f en.
amendment, which was, forced by Action Deferred on Motion.
one of its own members, John Scurr, Action was deferred today on the
a Roman Catholic, and later passed Walsh motion so that work might
the amended bill on its third and go ahead on the appropriation
final reading by a vote of 256 to bills, but administration leaders be-
238. Most of the Liberals abstained lieved the coalition of Democrats
in the second vote, and Republican Independents that
The bill provides for raising the voted for reconsideration would
age at which Children may leave vote for further action.
school from 14 to 15 years, with an' Walsh cited court decisions to
allowance of five shillings to be support his contention that the
made to needy parents whom the Senate was within its right in de-
law affects. The Scurr amendment manding reconsideration within1
authorized a government appropri- two legislative days after confirma-
ation to equalize the aditional bur- tion, as provided by the Senate
den that the law would impose onf rules.
the religious, or the non-provided
In passing the measure over the-
government's protest, 34 Laborites
deserted to the opposition.
It was the second defeat the Mac-
Donald ministry has sustained in
the house of commons, a previous-
adverse vote having been recorded
last March on a minor anendment Federal Reserve Governor Urges
to the coal mines bill. Voluntary Control of
I Bootleg Banking.'
-/?' As"'"i'l'd l r'vs
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22.---Volun-
tary control of what was termed as
P A a "bootleg banking system" was
advocated before the Senate bank-
ing investigating commitee today,
Newspaper Owners Object to by George L. Harrison, governor of{
Government Decree Halting the federal reserve bank of New

(1y /lssnciated Pr(ss)
e NORTHAMPTON, Mass., Jan. 22.
y I -Calvin Coolidge tonight told the
- American people to remember that
,e charity begins at home. He spoke
- from his Northampton home over a
e national radio hook-up in the in-
terests of the $10,000,000 Red Cross
y drive to lend a hand to the victims
t of economic depression.
- Praises Spirit of People.
- "The generosity of the American
- people in the past has sent chari-
table relief into every quarter of
the globe," former President Cool-
idge said. "There is scarcely a na-
tion that has not benefited from
it. With such a record it cannot
be that the appeal of the American
i Red Cross for money to relieve the
I misery of our own people will fail
'Ito meet the necessary response.
"A slow moving catastrophe ;has
overtaken the American people," Mr.
Coolidge said, "a catastrophe that
lacks the dramatic elements of a
tornado or an earthquake, butr
leaves human misery in its trail
which is just as great.
Terms Suffering as Great.
"When some portion of our popu-
lation has suffered from a fire, a
1 tornado, a flood, or an earthquake,
the immediate picture of their dis-!
tress is so vivid that the whole na-!
tion rushes to their rescue," the
former president said. "But when!
the catastrophe is one that comes
on so gradually as to be an al-I
most imperceptible movement like
drought and business depression,
I we cannot readily visualize the ef-
feet upon the people. Nevertheless,
the suffering becomes just as great
and the need for relief just as urg-
ent as though some great calamity
had struck down the means of livli-,
hood over a great area in a single
To Send Message to Legislature
I Concerning Institutional

Deputies Overthrow Cabinet by
Margin of 10 Votes.
(By A ssocitedl Irss)
PARIS, Jan. 22.-The French
Chamber of Deputies tonight over-
threw the government of Premier
Theodore Steeg, thereby serving
notice that France is not going to
pay $2 a bushel for wheat when it
is selling for eighty cents in Chi-
cago and around 60 in Winnepeg.
The cabinet fell by a vote of 293
against 283, after an existence of
5 and one-half weeks, and straight-
away prepared its resignation.
The government's plan to stabil-
ize the price of wheat at $2 a bushel
started the fireworks. With the op-
position again gunningfor Victor
Poret, the minister of agriculture,
Premier Steeg staked the life of the
entire government in defense and
lost by the narrow margin of ten
ballots after scenes which were
tumultuous even for the French
Alumni to Gather in Cleveland
May 22 and 23 for Third
Triennial Meeting.
May 22 and 23 has been set as
the date for the third Triennial of
the University of Michigan clubs to
be held in Cleveland, this spring.
Official sanction for this interna-
tional gathering of alumni has
been given by the executives of the
General Alumni association.
The theme of discussion has also
been molded into shape, and as fin-
ally expressed in the words of Clyde
W. Colby, '11E, general chairman
of the committee, it is: "The Uni--
versity ofhMichigan-Training for
Life. A Check Up by Those Who
Have Experienced It."
The Cleveland meeting will be
the third Triennial gathering, the
first having been held in Detroit in
1925, and the second in Chicago in
1928. During the 'coming conven-
,tion all University clubs desirous of
having the Triennial of 1934 in
their city will extend their invita-
tions to the convention committee.,
The 1937 convention will be held
in Ann Arbor for the celebration of
the culmination of the alumni 10-
year program.
Another important feature of the
Triennial will be the announce-
ments from the various University
of Michigan clubs of their projects
in the alumni 10-year program.
The time that has elapsed since
the Chicago convention in 1928 has
been called the "period of decision,"
in which time all clubs have been
groups of delegates from local
expected to decide whether or not'
they will take part in this great
alumni effort and in what manner
their participation will be.'
An innovation of the Triennial
meet is the active participation of
the alumnae of the University. A
(Continued on Page 8)
Students Demand New
Government for Spain
(B3y As(soite1/dIPre s)
MADRID, Jan. 22. -- Disorders
broke out among students in Uni-
versity of Madrid today. Student
leaders in fiery addresses demanded
the establishment of a republic in
Despite the continuation of mar-
tial law which was proclaimed dur-
ing recent revolutionary attempts,
about 3,00 student members of
the University Scholars federation
struck as a protest against the gov-


Simeon D. Fess,I
Republican senator from Ohio,
who yesterday declared that Presi-
dent Hoover's- disapproval of the
Wickersham commission's proposed
revision of the Eighteenth Amend-
ment did not preclude considera-
tion by the chief executive of all
suggestions for revision.
N19 tr M'oi
Nationalist Group to Continue
'Disobedience' Campaign,
Congress Declares.,
(II',' A uo'rr( d.Irs
ALLATIABAD, India, Jan. 22. .~
The working committee of the All-
India National congress, which ini-
tiated the campaign of civil dis-
obedience, decided today that the
campaign will continue despite.
Prime Minister MacDonald's pro-
mises of an eventual qualified
dominion status for India.
The community acceded to the
appeal, cabled from London, of Sir
Tezj Bahadar Sapru, Srinivasa Sas-
tri and Mr. Jayakar, asking that it
withhold its answer to Mr. Mac-
Donald's pronouncement until they
return to India, but decided that
the campaign, initiated nearly a
year ago in a fight for independ-
ence, would be continued.
The committee met despite a ban
by the Indian government which
made it an unlawful assembly. The
body, according to the nationalist
organization, is supreme even over
such leaders as Mahatma Gandhi
and Jawaharlal Nehru, who are in
prison and forbidden to pass com-
mncut on recent events in London.
Nationalist circles have met the
report of the roundtable confer-
ence, just concluded in London, and
the announcement of British gov-
ernment policy with scorn and in-
dignation, claiming that Britain
offers only a camouflaged govern-
mental status, retaining the real
power at London.

Hoover, However, Has
No Ready Remedy,
He States.
'Dry', States Watson of
the Presidential
(BV A t"ated Press)
President Hoover's emphatic dis-
approval of the Wickersham corri '
mission's proposed revision of the
Eighteenth Amendment was held
today by Senator Fess, Repub-
lican, Ohio, not to have closed
the White House door to all sug-
gestions for revision.
The chairman of the Repub-
lican national committee stated
carefully, however, he did not mean
to imply the presient had any
particular revision or modification
n mind. Fess visited the White
House yesterday.
Interprets Message as 'Dry.'
It was to this latter view that
Republican leader Watson sub-
scribed. He said:
"I interpret hip message as dry."
The Indiana senator added, how-
ever, that he had not talked with
President Hoover about prohibition
since the variously interpreted mes-
sage was given to Congress along
with the law enforcement commis-
sion's diverging views upon the dry
Have Denied Reports.
While these statements were
2oming from capitol hill, enough of
the story behind the commission's
conflicting report was disclosed to
indicate that prolonged dispute and
vontroversy had ended in the writ-
in of this document. It did not
Disclose, howev.er, any real evi-
tence to support repo'that Pr -
lent Hoover had helped fashion its
:ecommendations, nor that the re-
port had been changed after the
.nembers had signed it. These re-
Sorts twice had been denied by the
Nationally Prominent Welfare
Leaders to Confer Here
March 27-28.
Better mutual undertanding of
religions, and destruction of exist-
ing prejudices between Protestant,
Catholic and Jew will be the aim
of an open discussion trlalogue be-
tween three nationally prominent
religious and social welfare leaders,
to be held Mar. 27 and 28 in the
Union. The conference, which will
be open to the public, is tming
sponsored by the Student Christian
association, with the aid of the
National Council of Jews and Chris-
Negotiations carried on by Wil-
liam Kearns, '32, chairman of the
. open forums committee of the
Student Christian association, have
-ecured the appearance of Prof.
,ls7wortli Faris of the departnient
f Sociology of the University of
Chicago, Rev. J. Eliot Ross of the
Newman club of the University of
Illinois, and Rabbi Leo M. Franklin,
spiritual leader of the Temple Beth
El of Detroit.
Ann Arbor religious leaders rep-
resentative of the three faiths will
also take parts in the discussion.
They are Dr. Frederick B. Fisher
of the Methodist Episcopal church,
Rev. Allen J. Babcock of the St.

I Mary's Catholic students' chapel,
and Rabbi Bernard Hler, director
of the B'nail Brith Hillel foundation.
Public meetings, in the nature of
open forums, will be held both days
of the conference. After talks by
the different men, each meeting
will be thrown open to questions
(Continued on Page 8)
'Little Progress Made
by Council of League
BHy Assoc iatetPress)
GENEVA, Switz,, Jan. 22.-After
four days of debate, the League of


Building Projects.
{I C Ass ciUt ios>V r,-
LANSING, Jan. 22.-- Gov. Wilber
M. Brucker today announced that
1 he will send a special message to
the legislature next Tuesday pre-
senting in detail his recommenda-
tions with regard to the institu-
I tional building program.


a contract to play baseball with Publication.
the Cleveland American League
baseball team and had received a 8vAss f'res
loan of $300 "to complete his edu- HAVANA, Jan. 22. - A protest
cation." The principal said he against a recent government decree
would file a protest with Kenesaw suspending the publication of nine
M. Landis, high commissioner of Cuban publications was issued
baseball. jointly today by. Rafael Govin,
-- owner of El Mundo and Count del
BANCROFT-The Bancroft Com- Rivero, owner of Diario de la Ma-
iercial, weekly newspaper here, rina, the two largest Spanish lang-
was destroyed by fire last night, uage morning papers in Cuba.
with a loss of several thousand dol- Both these newspapers, together
lars. Only the linotype machines with seven others, were suspended
and the library were saved. C. B. Jan. 9, for having "indirectly con-
Hooker is the publisher. tributed to sedition in Cuba by giv-
ing prominent space to anti-gov-
EAST JORDAN-Stephen MeKin- ernment activities."
non, 51, dropped dead at his home The statement was as follows:
here Wednesday, a short time af- "Article 25 of the Cuban constitu-
ter he had returned from attend- tion prohibits press censorship of
ing his mother's funeral, Mrs. L. A. any kind and guarantees freedom
McKinnon, 73. A heart attack in- of the press, freedom of thought
duced by grief was given as the and freedom of speech. The consti-
cause of his death. tution expressly declares that this
is one of the articles which cannot

York, as a means of checking the
flow of credit for stock speculation.
Harrison described the "bootleg"
system as one under which individ-
uals and corporations, attracted by.
high rates on ready money have
banks loan money for them to
brokers on stock exchange collat-
J. Herbert Case, chairman of the
board of the New York reserve
bank, said such loans rose from
$1,500,000,000 to $5,500,000,000 be-'
fore the collapse of the market in
1929 and since they were not bank,
funds it was difficult to control the
speculation movement at that time.
Harrison said if the federal re-
serve rediscount rate is to be an
effective means of controlling credit
for speculation something must be
done to check these loans for oth-
ers. He preferred this to be brought
about by agreement between New
York banks and the stock exchange
rather than by law.

The governor said the message
will embody in detail his recom-
mendations already laid before the
legislature that the contemplated
$12,000,000 remaining for the last
two years in the building projects
authorized by the Hartman law, be
spread over "at least" another two
The Green building program em-
bodied in the Hartman four-year
institutional status would call for
appropriations of $5,829,500 next
year and $6,040,000 the following
year. Other building appropria-
tions of more than $2,000,000 are I
proposed in the budget prepared.
by Former Governor Green and
George R. Thompson, budget direc-
"Our state institutional building
program has been launched and
should receive friendly support but,
modification is now necessary," theI
governor said in his message to the;
legislature. "An ambitious project
for expansion of our state institu-I
tions was inaugurated in 1929 and
is now well under way. The pros-
pective covers a tubercular hospi-
tal, additional capacity for three
insane hospitals, buildings for the
feeble-minded, additional correc-
tional institutions, and m a n y
Firemen Save Alabama
Congressman and Wife


Lecturer Expects Accept
MacDonald's Program
Control in India.
By Denton Kunze, '3
"What I want the Britis
is not to attack me but to
my charges," said Will Dux
mous author-lecturer who
here yesterday on "The Cas
dia," in an interview last n
think it was charged that I
judiced. That is true. My1
India is not a judicial sum
is a brief for the defense, a
it does devote a chapter to1
for England."
The English people do not
hear his views on the questi

ance of savages, so wretched as the poorer
for Indians.
The recent British oiler i India
at the Round Table conference of
dominion status with special reser-
3a vations of power is practically a ful-
h to do fillment of the plea which he ad-
dressed to England in his book,
answer Durant said.
ant, fa- "I think that MacDonald will
s p o k e propose this program, and Parlia-
e for In- ment will accept it," he remarked,
light. "I "And I think it will be accepted
am he- I by India. If it is accepted, the
bo on Round Table conference will go
book on down in history as the greatest
mary, it achievement of the MacDonald re-
although gime."
the case While Durant agrees with the
Hindus that complete self-govern-
t want to ment for India would be the only
on, Dur- just settlement, he pointed out

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