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January 17, 1931 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1931-01-17

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ESTABLISHED
1890

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MEMBER
ASSOCIATED
PRESS

EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

.. ... ... .... . ............. . .....

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 1931

PRICE FIVE CENTS

VOL XLI No. 81

EIGHT PAGES

LANSING DESERTED1
AS STATE SOLONS1
PREPAREEJUNKTS
Legislators Faced with Problems
of Immediate Importance
Upon Return.
TO DISCUSS ELECTIONS
Reform Movement Will Feature
Debate on Liquor, Economy,
Apportionment.
(By Associated Fress)
LANSING, Jan. 16.-The legisla-
tive chambers today were virtually'
deserted as most members were
scattered about the state preparing
for their biennial junkets to state
institutions. Members will recon-
vene Jan. 26.
When members return to their
legislative tasks 10 days hence, they
will be faced with immediate prob-
lems of highway legislation, econ-
omy, county consolidation, liquor,
judicial reform, increased pay for
the governor, state apportionment,
home rule for counties, and con-
servation changes. Looming over
the not far distant horizon will be
such war clouds as federal appor-
tionment and capital punishment.
- Many Bills Introduced.
Twenty-nine bills and eight joint
resolutions have been introduced in.
the two houses of the legislature.
Liquor, apportionment and econo-
my have blazed the trail of reform
in the opening days of the currentt
session. Resolutions were offered in!
the house to provide for the manu-
facture and sale of liquor in the
home and to legalize beer and
wines. A bill was submitted for the V
outright repeal of the malt tax
after disappointing revenues from
the levy and tiresome court skir-'
mishes.
Propose Four-Year Terms.
Governmental operating expenses
have provided a target for legisla-
tion following the emphasis placed
on reduction* by Governor Wilberl
M. Brucker in his message to the!
legislature. Four year terms for
legislators in all state and county
constitutional offices h a v e been
recommended to eliminate three'
elections. The savings, according to
the sponsors of the recommenda-
tions, will mean $750,000 every four
years to the state. Consolidatioin
of counties through a majority vote
of toge people in the affected terri-
tories has been advocated. Useless
offices would be eliminated, it is
claimed. Another measure suggests

REVOLUTION IS AIM OF COMMUNIST
PARTY,_STATES RED LEADER AMT ER

Admits Present Economic Crisis
Is Greatest Opportunity
for His Cause.
B M. F. Duhamel
(By Assouoted Press)
NEW YORK, Jan. 16.-A small,
bare hall room, up four flights of,
dark and dusty stairs, is the nerve
center of the communist party in,
America.
There, at a desk stacked with
press clippings, sits Israel Amter,
who described himself as his party'sI
New York organizer and who de-
clared the aim of the communists
here is revolution.
On a pine shelf above his head
is a darkly gleaming bust of Nico-
lai Lenin, father of the Russian,
revolution, a massive chunk of
blank onyx the cubicle's o n 1y
adornment.
From the window two American
0OLSTEAD IS SlILL,
Former Congressman Believes
Prohibition to Have
Improved Nation.
(By elssoccated Press)
ST. PAUL, Jan. 16. -Prohibition,
in the opinion of Andrew J. Vol-;
stead author of the national en-,
foreement act, has shown great for-
ward strides in the 11 years of itsf
operation and has resulted in great-
ly improved conditions.
Discussing prohibition on the
11th anniversary of its adoption,
the former Congressman, who drew
the enforcement bill while a mem-
ber of the House judiciary commit-
tee. declared he was "still for pro-
hi-bition."
"Anyone who can't see a vast
difference in conditions in the last
11 years," he said, "has a very short
memory. Before prohibition all sorts
of drunks could be seen on the
streets, on street cars, and even on
trains. Now you seldom see a
drunk."
"Of course, enforcement never
will succeed in stamping out every
drop of liquor. The law will always
be broken, just like any other law,
but anything that improves condi-
tions is successful."
RED CROSS RELIEF
ARGUHED YSNT

flags can be seen standing to the
breeze on nearby buildings.
"We'll replace them with another
flag some day," Amter said, "as a
two-hour' interview drew to a close
tcday. "A red flag, that will mean
more to the masses."
"Revolution," Amter said, "is the
aim of the communist party. We
make no attempt to deny that. Our
single purpose is to end the capi-
talist system and emancipate the
working masses."
Amter is tall, witn a protuding
jaw. His attire is that of the aver-
age business man; his mainerapos-
itive, his voice strong.
To date his efforts, in co-opera-
tion with William Z. Foster, na-
tional organizer, and others, have
yielded a police record embodying
one conviction whichrnetted him a
prison term and a recent parole.
"There is no comprise in the
communist program," he empha-
sized.
"The American Federation of La-
bor has sold out the workers. Com-
munism is going forward to revo-
lution."
"We are organizing the unem-
ployed, whenever we can get to
them, to fight.
"And the present economic crisis,
with its 10,000,000 unemployed in
America, has given us our greatest
opportunity to promote the cause
of communism.
"The average American working
man," Amter declared, "will turn
against capitalism just as the Rus-3
sians did in setting up the Soviet
government."l

INJURY IN M
EARTHQUAKE

ESCAPE
EXICAN
SHOCK

BRIAND PRESIDES
OVER DISCUSSION

SENATOR DAVIS DENIES CHARGE
OF ILLEGAL ELECTION EXPENSE;
INVESTIGATION WILL CONTINUE

Oxaca Reports Thirteen Dead
and Many Injured; 3 Die
in Mexico City.
RESCUE WORK IMPEDED
Towns in Southern Portion Also
Feel Effect of Seismic
Disturbance.
(By Associated Press)
MEXICO CITY, Jan. 16. - Mem-
bers of the American colony at Ox-
aca escaped injury in the earth-
quake which partially demolished
that city of 50,000 persons Wednes-
day night, Mrs. G. W. Thompson,
an American resident there, wired
her husband in Mexico City today.,
She said her house, which es-
caped damage, had been converted
into a temporary emergency station
to take care of the injured.
Death Toll Still Unknown.
That part of Oxaca built on high
ground escaped serious damage, but
a portion of the city which stood
on low, sandy soil was largely de-
molished. The death toll was still
undetermined tonight, but was
slowly mounting as reports came
into Oxaca from small, outlying
Indian towns with no telegraphic
communication.
"Thirteen persons are now re-

Aristide Briand
Author of a plan for a federation
of European states, who yesterday
presided at the opening session of
a conference, which is being held at
Geneva for the purpose of discuss-
ing his plan.
MINISTRS 1 DBATE'
EDRTO ISU

SIXTEEN WILL

Chicago
as

Contest Draws
10 Republicans,
Democrats File.

(By Associaied Press)
CHICAGO, Jan. 16.-Ten
licans and six Democrats ha
ed notice on the electora
they desire to be the "wo
mayor of Chicago.
Candidates to that numl
filed up to midnight, thet
for petitions, but rumors ci
freely in political circles t
all the 16 would be found
race Jan. 24, the last day f
drawing.
Charles V. Barrett, chair
the board of review, invited
candidates for the Republic
ination except Mayor Willia
Thompson to meet him S
for the purpose of conce
their strength against the
bent, "Big Bill."
Judge John H. Lyle, wh
rants for vagrancy issued
"public enemies" and othe
ties against hoodlums have
ed much attention, and Ald
F. Albert were among theF
can candidates, while Th
Houston, former chairman
mayor's civil service com

ported dead and 32 seriously in-'
jured," Mrs. Thompson wired. Al- Twenty-six European Diplomats
LI most all the houses were destroyede .t
and the homeless filled the streets. Meet i Geneva to Confer
Many tents have been pitched in on Briand Project.
fl ~public parks with the furniture left
in the streets. Many small towns (By Associated Press)
nearby are in ruins. People are GENEVA, Jan. 16. - Twenty-six
Cseein ressin herhillsm he European foreign ministers met
city is in darkness. There are many here today to talk about Aristide
6 terrible rumors and one is unable I
tolearn the wholetruth. Soldiers Briand's project for a federation
are guarding the city." i of European states, but a hitch de-
DeathS Reported ~ veloped at the very outset when
Thre the German' acd Italian represent-
Repub- Outside of Oaxaca three deaths atives proposed that Turkey and
ave serv- were reported. These were all in Soviet Russia be invited to partici-
te that Mexico City, where an elderly wo- pate. Neither of these two countries
rld fair" man was buried under falling ma- is a member of the League of Na-
sonry, a four-year-old girl received tions, but Dino Grandi, Italy'sI
ber had injuries of which she died Thurs- bearded young foreign minister,
deadline day, and Nicolas Peniagua, a chem- asserted that any federation ex-
rculated ist, was fatally injured. Six others cluding them merely would divide
that not here are gravely injured. Fifty Europe into two camps. The original
- in the persons received minor injuries, proposal that the non-leaguers be'
or with- It is not the first time, that Oax- asked to sit in was made by Dr.
aca has been damaged by earth- Julius Curtius, the German foreign
rman of quakes. It suffered severely in 1727 minister.
d all the and in 1787, the famous old cathed- The issue was referred to a com-
an nom- ral being badly damaged in the mittee which recommended that
am Hale 11727 tremors. The city was founded the full commission sit tomorrow
Saturday by Indians in 1486 and conquered to discuss it in private session.
ntrating by troops of Cortes in 1521. Briand himself, presiding at this
incum- The buildings in Oaxaca were opening session, told the delegates
mostly of one and two-story con- they had a long road ahead of
ose war- struction, built with a view to re- them and warned that they must
against sisting earthquakes. not be swerved from their purpose
r activi- and that they must not reject any
attract- ,co-operation offered.
. Arthur 1
Republi- L IWorld Press Congress
omas J.I rtssC bnA to
of the
1missionITOAP r

Noted Among Laity
Support De Priest
(Bv Assciated Press)
CHICAGO, Jan. 16.-Some one I
is certainly snickering up a
sleeve somewhere. It turns outy
that Alexander the Great and
Cleopatra are about the only
persons of importance who are
not signatories to the petition
that put Oscar de Priest, Chica-
go's negro Congressman, in the
Republican list for mayor. Even
his foes were for him, it ap-
peared.+
Someone of a skeptical disposi-
tion inspected the document to-;
day. town at the bottom of the
sheet were the alleged signatures
of those who proposed de Priest's
candidacy:
Abraham Lincoln, and George
Washington, Woodrow Wilson,
Herbert Hoover, Ben Turpin, Wil-
liam H. Taft, Charles V. Barrett,
John H. Lyle, Al Capone, Bugs
Moran, Dar, O'Banion, Ima
Dreamer, Just A. Flapper, Guey
Sam, Marshal Joffre, Marshal
Foch, Chester Gump, Mary Carr,
John H. Alcock, Len Small, and
70 odd others.
The city clerk hadn't noticed.
The Congressman wired home
that some one was joking.
SOUCIETY TO- HOLD,
CAMUSCO'NTEST'
All-Campus Discussions Planned
by Oratorical Association
for Near Future.
An all-campus discussion contest
is to be sponsored in the near fu-
ture by the Oratorical association,
Laurence Hartwig, '31, president of1
the society, announced yesterday.
The purpose of the contest will be
to further public speaking on the
campus and interest in campus af-
fairs.
The teams in the competition
will be composed of three students
each representing any campus fra-
ternity, sorority or independent
organization. All those planning to
enter the contest are urged to get
in touch with Robert Murphy, '31,
who is in charge.
A five minute informal speech on
some campus topic will comprise
the talk by each member of a team
! and the judges of the contests will
be members of the faculty. Some
manner of drawing for positions on

Pennsylvanian Resents
Nye's Attempt to
Unseat Him.
GIVES STATEMENT
Senate Approves Funds
Appropriation for
Committee.
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. -
Senator Davis, Republican, Penn-
sylvania, told the revived Senate
campaign funds committee today
he had "always stood for clean
and wholesome elections" and re-
sented vigorously the "unfair and
unjust attemnpt" to charge him
with the expenditures for the en-
tire Republican ticket in the 1930
Pennsylvania primary and elec-
tion.
Chairman Nye proposes to offer
a resolution to unseat Davis. He
says $1,200,000 was spent and that
this amount would have been used
to get out the vote if Davis had
been the only one on the ticket.
Reads Prepared Statement.
The former labor secretary read
a prepared statement to the com-
mittee in which he repeated that
he had personally spent only $10,-
646 to get the
nomination and
had turned over
$9,100 in contri-
butions from dif-
ferentssources to
the A 11 egheny
County commit-
tee.
"That is all I
had to do with
financial matters
with my cam-
paign," he said,
adding: "I wish
to restate em-
phatically that I i4AA S .1 ~ 4V/
have nothing to
conceal, that I have not spent a
dollar corruptly or contrary to law
or collected any money than that
which was lawful and which I have
reported above."
Nearly 20 Davis witnesses, includ-
ing Joseph E. Davies, counsel for
the senator, appeared voluntarily
earlier in the day expecting a pre-
viously scheduled hearing to go for-
ward.
Senate Approves Request.
Nye's request for another $50,00
was quickly approved by the Senate
today, however, and he immediately
arranged the later hearing out of
courtesy to Davis. Those under sub-
poena will be heard next Thursday.
The life of the committee also was
extended another year.
Meanwhile, Senator Glass, Demo-
crat, Virginia, offered a resolution
to extend the committee's authority
to inquire into the 1928 election.
This was interpreted by some sena-
tors as opening the way for in-
vestigation of complaints against
the political activities of Bishop
James Cannon, jr. of the Methodist
Episcopal church, south.
A CPPROACHES CLOSE
Self Government Dream Nearer
Realization, as Final
Session Begins.
(By Associated Press)
LONDON, Jan. 16.-India's dream
of self-government appeared much
nearer realization today as the
round table conference began its
final plenary session than when
King George inaugurated the nego-

tiations nine weeks ago.
P r i m e Minister Ramsay Mac-
Donald, with the declaration that
"a substantial measure of agree-
ment has been arrived at one main
ground plan," for framing a federal
constitution for I n d i a, formally
opened the plenary session at St.
James' palace. Cheers greeted his
proposal for continuation without
interruption of the work started in
London.

Democratic Leaders Will Force

a deadline of April 1 on all appro-
priation bills in the interest of a Appropriation Issue in
shorter legislative session. Session Today.
(B)' Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16.-Senate
advocates of the $25,000,000 appro-
S i uii8uuS priation for Red Cross relief stood
their ground tonight in face of a
(By Associated Press) complaint by the Red Cross that
January 16, 1931. the legislation was hindering the
national qampaign for $10,00u,000.
MENOMINEE-It was announced Confident of votes to add the
here today that two units of the disputed appropriation to the pend-
Heywood Wakefield Co. of Boston, ing interior department supply bill
will concentrate their manufactur- Ion a roll call tomorrow, Senate
ing activities here. The units that Democratic leaders were determin-
will consolidate here are the Chi- ed tonight to force this issue with
cago Chair Co., and the Lloyd Man- President Hoover and the Republi-
ufacturing Co., makers of baby car- can-dominated House with a threat
riages and furniture. of an extra session.
A delegation of Red Cross officials
JACKSON-J. Ray Fisher, Jack- headed by John Barton Payne, na-
son county agent, announced today tional chairman, informed Presi-
he had tended his resignation to dent Hoover that the Senate pro-
the state welfare commission, to posal was embarassing their cam-
become effective Feb. 1. Two men, paign for $10,000,000. Others in the
who have been prominently men- delegation included Secretary La-
tioned as his successors are M. S. mont and Under-Secretary Mills
Hatch, guard captain at the Michi- ( and Assistant Secretary Hope of
gan State prison, and Earnest R. I the treasury department.
Raymond, contractor.
GRAND RAPIDS-Morris J. (Doc) EINSTEIN TAKES LE
White, advertiser and former news- MYSTERIES FR(
paper man, died here late Thursday-
following an illness. Mr. White, who Astrophysicist Explains Method
for the last seven years has been Ein M
the head of an advertising agency in Laboratory of Raisig
bearing his name, worked on news- Temperatures.
papers in Detroit, Grand Rapids,-
Denver, Pittsburgh, Syracuse, and (By Associated Press)
Rochester, N. Y. PASADENA, Cal., Jan. 16.-Albert
'-------------------- i-

r
i

i

and f o r m e r City Comptroller ____
Charles K. Schmidt were also in the
race. Recital to Feature Ted Shawn

T h e last-hour sensation w a s
caused by filing of a petition on be-
half of Representative Oscar de
Priest, only Negro in congress.
John P. Walsh, Eugene McCaf-
frey and Newton Jenkins were the I
other candidates.
Anton J. Cermak, president of
the Cook county board, had been
indorsed unanimously by w a r d
committeemen for the Democratic
nomination, but petitions by Rus-
sell H. Runk, Patrick B. Flanagan,
John B. DeVoney, Martin, Powron-
zik and James C. Mullen, the last
a boxing promoter, were also filed.
SSON ON HEAT
OM JOHN ANDERSON
stantly, permitting a brilliant flash
of light, and a noise like the explo-
sion of a fulminate cap. The spect-
rum of such a flash was found to be
quite different from that of an arc
or spark, leading to a key of na-
I ture's secrets.
1 "The arc and spark give a spect-
r u in consisting of bright lines
while the explosion flash in this ex-
periment shows a continuous spect-
rum crossed by a few dark lines,
and hence resembles that of the
z sun," explained Dr. Anderson.
"Since the spectrum is continu-

and Group
Trained

of Specially
Dancers.

Ted Shawn and his Denishawn ;
dancers, assisted by Ernestine Day,
will present a recital of dances at I
8:15 o'clock tonight in Hill audi-
torium under the auspices of the
Men's Glee club. Tickets for the
program may be obtained at the
Union, it was announced today.
The Denishawn dancers ari all
graduates of the Denishawn school
of dancing, founded by Ted Shawn
and Ruth St. Denis when it became
apparent that with the advent ofI
the talking pictures there would be
a larger demand for trained danc-
ers for the pictures. The group has
given many recitals, both in Amer-
ica and abroad, notably among thei
latter one at the third German!
dance congress, which was held in
Munich last June. The dancersI
have also toured in the Orient.
Immediately after the conclusion
of his present American tour with
the group, Shawn will sail for Ger-
many to embark on a tour of the
principal cities with Margarete
Wallman and a group of 30 dancers
in performance of the dance-drama
"Orpheus," which was the out-
standing success of the German
congress last year.
Among the numbers which will
be given tonight are "The Divine

krs zssc~aearrsstI ac nght of the competition will
NEW YORK, Jan. 16.-Supres- be ascertained in the near future
sion and censorship of Havana while the subjects for the talk will
newspapers were protested today be announced later also.
by the Press Congress of the World
in communication to P r e si d e n t HA VANA TO EXILE
Michado of Cuba and Secretary of
State Stimson at Washington. EDITOR OF PAPE
The protests were made public by ERR
James Wright Brown, president of Anti - Administration Editorials
the Editor and Publisher and exe-
cutive committee member of the Cause of Wilford Expulsion.
congress.
(By Associated Press)
HAVANA, Jan. 16.-Twenty-one
years of effort in 'Cuba's journal-
istic field by John t. Wilford, owner
and publisher of the Havana Ae-
Acan, approached their end today
as an order decreeing his expulsion
from the republic awaited President
--- Machado's signature.
William King Given Back Job Octavio Zurezarreta, sub-secre-
tary of interior, said the decree
by Power Commission; should be signed today and that
Russell Rejected. k Mr. Wilford, who is a former Mo-
bile, Ala., newspaper man, would
(By Associated Press! have 48 hours to arrange his affairs
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. - The and leave the island republic.
power commission, reinstated today His expulsion is in retaliation by
one of the two men whose dismissal the government for editorials car-
precipitated the recent conflict be- vied by the American during the
tween the Senate and the White last year.

GRAND HAVEN-Municipal offi-
cials here today were requested to
appear before the Michigan stream
control commission to explain what
steps had been taken toward meet-
ing the order of the commission
to build a sewage disposal plant.
The voters have twice defeated pro-

Einsteins lesson about the mystery
of nature's secrets came thick and
fast.
Today in the Mt. Wilson labora-
tory of the Carnegie Institution of
Washington here, the little German
physicist was told of the produc-
tion of the highest temperature a
laboratory is said to have created,,

House over recall of the nomina-
tions of three commissioners.
William V. King, was given back,
his job as chief accountant, but
the commission refused to re-
appoint Charles A. Russell as solici-
tor.
The two were discharged at a

Bruce Rutledge Given
Judgeship by Brucker
(By Associated Press)
LANSING--Gov. Wilber M. Bruck-
er announced today that he had

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