DAILY pACfl TH!M
StDA'Y, JANUARY 11, 1931
Jfi TRUBULLGREES SUCCESSOR, CROSS,
9INEER[[S T H9INCOMNG;GCSVER jOR OF CONNECTICUT
FORIVIERiRIL!HEAD:":.. .. ..t .. .. .y, ' :::/ 1
..i. TALK .:iTHURSDAY, : . . , .;F., :: :: ir./y ::
~STATE GAS SALES
SHOW l? SLl IT URPip
risil n c
J. M. Fitzgerald, Past Head of'
West Maryland Road, Is Well
Versed in Phases of Work.
ON RAILROADS 40 YEARS
To Speak on 'Some Aspects of
Modern Transportation' to
J. M. Fitzgerald, former president
of the Western Maryland Railroad
company, will speak to the engin-I
(ering students of the University
on "Some Aspects of Modern Trans-
portation" at a meeting at 7 o'cloc:,.
Thursday night, in the ballroom of
the Union building.
Fitzgerald began his engineering
experience in the Southwest in 1893,
in a period when extensive railroad
development was being made all
through Texas and Oklahoma. The
early engineers had some interest-
ing and romantic experiences dur-
ing the rapid growth of the rail-
road network. After working in this
territory until it was finally de-
veloped, he moved into the south-
eastern states rising rather rapidly
through the executive positions of
several of the railroads in that
section of the country.
With Many Railroads.
He was assistan i general manager1
of the Virginia & Southwestern
railway, resigning that position to
accept the vice-presidency of the
Pittsburgh Terminal Railroad and
Coal company. He later became
president of the DavisCoal and
Coke company and was next con-
nected with the Western Maryland,
Railroad company, finally becoming
president of the latter organization.
He is a member of the Eastern
Railroad's Presidents' conference,1
and as an executive in that organ-
ization, has been in close touch
with many problems in modern
transportation. He is considered
well-qualified to present his address
on "Some Aspects of Modern Trans-
portation." He will discuss the1
Hoover plan of inland waterways,1
the consolidation of railroads into
a simplified network, the extent of
the growth of the automotive
traffic, and finally, the develop-t
ment of air service in the matter
of passengers and express. He is
making a special trip from New
York City to attend the meeting.t
Belongs to A. I. M. M.
Fitzgerald is a member of a num-
b:r of profesional societies in thef
country, including the Engineers'A
Society of Western Pennsylvania,
the American Institute of Mining
and Metallurgical Engineers, the
Acadermy of Political Science, and
the Associated Traffic Clubs of
America. He also is a member of
the honorary society Beta Gamma
Danish Fund to Provide
for Annual Art Prizes
(By Associated Press)
COPENHAGEN, Jan. 11.-An in-
,Associated Tress Photo
John H. Trumbull (left), retiring governor of Connecticut, greets
his successor, Wilbur Lucius Cross, during the inaugural ceremonies in
Hartford. Major James J. (Gene) Tunney, retired heavyweight cham-
pion, aide on the staff of Governor Cross, is standing between the two.
DELAWARE BELIEVES WHIPPING
POST EFFECTIVE IN CURBING CRIME,
Only State Administering
Punishment in General
Use 300 Years Ago.
loses caste. As recently as 1923 a
movement to abolish the whipping
post was defeated in the legislature.
All whippings are administered
Public Utility 13ureau Reports
Only Small Fall in Spite
of Depression Year.
Michigan gas companies sold ap-
proximately 36 billion cubic feet
of gas in 1930, according to com-
pilations just completed by the
Michigan Public Utility Informa-
tion bureau, a record that has been
beaten only once in history.,
Sales in the state were 4. per
cent greater than those for 1928,
which were ahead of all records up
to that time. They fell 5.3 per cent
behind those for 1929 which had
been brought to new high levels by
the unusual industrial activity of
the early months of that year.
It is significant of the progress of
the gas industry in Michigan that
t la sales for 1930 were nearly twice
as large as those for 1922 and more
than twice as large as those for
1921, officialsbelieve. The increase
during the decade is ascribed to a
number of contributing causes,
chief among them being the growth
in the population of the state,. the
extension of gas, service to com-
munities which have not enjoyed it
before, greater use of gas in the
home, notably for water heating and
house heating, and larger and more
varied use of gas in industrial oper-
ations requiring the application of
The outstanding sales gain of the
year was in house-heating. Five
years ago house-heating with gas
was an almost unknown luxury in
Michigan. During 1930 the use of
gas for this purpose accounted for
nearly two and one-half per cent
of the total sales.
More than 725,000 customers were
served by the Michigan gas utilities
during 1930. The great bulk of these
-close to 700,000-were domestic
Domestic gas sales constituted 72
and one-half per cent of the total
sales; industrial and commercial
25 per cent, and house-heating two
and one-half per cent.
Extension of gas service to com-
munities which hitherto have not
enjoyed such service continued dur-
ing 1930 as an outstanding phase of
the development of the industry in
to Attend Hygiene
Conference in East
Dr. Warren E. Forsythe, dii'ector
of the health service, and Dr. John
Sundwall, professor of hygiene and
public health have been elected to
attend the four-day conference on
college hygiene at Syracuse uni-
versity, May 5 to 9.
The conference which will be at-
tended by representatives from the
National Health council, the Amer-
ican Student Health association,
and the President's committee of
fifty on college hygiene will discuss
such questions as "How is the best
way to teach hygie'ne in our col-
leges? What is the best physical
activities program for students?
What constitutes good health serv-
ice practice? What should be done
regarding sanitation in student liv-
ing quarters? How should these
regulations be enforced?"
Sundwall Takes Chair
Dr. John Sundwall, professor of
hygiene and public health returned
to Ann Arbor yesterday after hav-
ing presided over the Wednesday
session of the tenth annual Public
Health conference, held at Lans-
ing Jan. 7 to 9. This conference
was conducted by the Michigan de-
partment of health and the Mich-
A d v o c a t e s Establishment
Agency to Follow
Herbie Kay (left), and Jan Gar-'
ber, the leaders of the two orches- made yesterday by tie cominittee
tras which will play at the J-Hop, last night. The annual affair will.
according to an announcement be held in the intramural building,.
KINGDOM OF HEDJAZ TAKES ANNUAL
PROFITFROM SACRED PILGRIMAGES
Traffic to Mecca, Medina Yields than that of New York City, isI
Millions in Revenue scattered over an area equal to
to Cities. one-third of the United States, and
there are great stretches of desert,
(13y Associated Press)barnpisadmotiou
- Jeddah, Kindom of Hedjaz.-Jan. barren plains and mountainous
;10.-This kindom, principal state of waste in which not even the no-
Arabia, is starting to collect its madic Bedouins can keep body and
yearly revenue, estimated at $25,- soul together.
000,000, from pilgrim traffic to the Thlvige hs
sacred cities of Mecca and Medina. The living which the tribesmen
The money goes into the public make by breeding camels, horses,
coffers of Ibn Saud who, besides sheep and goats, is scant. There is
being king of the Hedjaz, is em- little left for taxes or other public
peror of the Nejd. As such he is revenue.
leader of the Wahibis, the fierce So when followers of the prophet
desert warriors who are the funda- begin to stream into the country,
mentalists of the Mohammedan the government seizes its oppor-
The pilgrimage season starts in At Jeddah, for example, each ar-
January, and from far corners of rival must go through quarantine,
the Moslem world, by steamship or paying a fee of $6 for the process of
train, on camel, horse or donkey, being thoroughly scrubbed, delous-
in ox-cart or automobile, or wearily ed, and vaccinated.
afoot, faithful followers of the Basis purely Religious.
prophet are beginning to stream; The basis of all this business is
into the country. religious. The devout Mohamme-
The flood of visitors will not sub- dan believes that a single visit to
side until May. the huge black Kaaba stone at
Jeddah The Clearing House. Mecca and a drink from the sacred
And this squatty, torrid town on well of Zam Zam washes away his
the burning shores of the Red Sea sins, while four visits to the holy
is one of the chief clearing houses of holies assures him a seat in
for the traffic. Paradise.
Its normal population of 30,000 And the Moslem paradise is a
is bustling with the business of real one. It is a place of "perfumed
caring for the vanguard of the 1031 gardens, filled with tall trees, fra-
pilgrimage, a w a k i n g from the grant flowers, luscious fruits, sing-
drowsy atrhosphere' that holds the ,,ing birds and cool streams, where
place through the last seven months a man is waited upon by many
of each year. l beautiful and virtuous wives, each
Jeddah is the port of Mecca. as tall as a palm tree."
NEW YORK, Jan. 10. - Deporta-
tion of alien Communists will be
recommended to Congress by the
Fish investigatin'Jg committee.
This was disclosed by Representa-
tive Hamilton Fish, ;r., chairman of
the coimmiittee, at a mass meeting
to combat Coimunism at Carnegie
hall Friday night. Representatives
of nearly 70 civic. patriotic, labor
and other societies attended under
a heavy police guard.
1. Re-establishment of a bureau
of investigation in the department
of justice to shadow Communist
and kindred organizations.
S2. Levying of an embargo against
3. Exclusion of the Communist
and the Workers' party from the
Fish declared in an address that
Communism was a "menace to the
I nation and should be driven from
our shores," at the same time criti-
cizing what he called "grave abuses"
in the capitalistic system.
He advocated the abolition of
child labor, a 44-hour working week,
federal old age pensions, unemploy-
ment insurance and longer summer
vacations as means by which capi-
talism might "clean its Augean
Debaters Meet Team
Debating teams from Dennison
and Michigan met here last night
in a no-decision contest on the con-
ference question, state unemploy-
ment insurance. The M i c h ig a n
team, composed of Ed McCormick,
'32, Louis Hurwitz, '31, and Samuel
Ellis, '33, upheld the affirmative.
Another debate, in which another
affirmative team will participate, is
scheduled for next Thursday against
Japan Society Worker
to Lecture at Church
Horace E. Coleman, secretary of
the Japan-America society, who has
lived in Tokio for 22 years, will give
a stereoptican lecture on "Pictur-
esque Japan" tonight at the First
Methodist Episcopal church.
The 140 clifierent views give an
idea of Japanese beauty in scenery,
art, and living conditions.
(Nv Assowcitd IPrers) at Newcastle workhouse, where
WILMINGTON, Del., Jan. 10. - long-term offenders serve out their
Five men, convicted of larceny and sentences. No woman has beenl
serving terms in Newcastle county whipped for many years. Men pris-!
workhouse, were marched out into oners usually receive their lashes
the prison yard a few mornings ago between 10 o'clock and noon on
and submitted to a punishment as the Saturday morning following
old as the state of Delaware. their sentence.
Stripped to their waists, they were The law prescribes 40 lashes for
tied to a whipping post and a prison highway robbery, 20 to 40 lashes
officer, a cat-o'-nine-tails carried for breaking and entering 39 lashes
out the sentence of the court. Two for counterfeiting, not more than 20
of them were given 20 lashes and lashes for arson or petty larceny
the other three 10 lashes each. and from 5 to 30 lashes for wife-
Only in Delaware of the United beating. In addition, of course, the
States in 1931 is a punishment for- offender is fined or imprisoned, or
mally administered which was gen- both.
eral all up and down the Atlantic Lashes are provided for some
seaboard nearly 300 years ago. And crimes that have become almost
in Delaware, while the whipping is obsolete, such as stealing a horse
supposed to be done publicly, it is or burning a ship or a granary.
still so common-place a matter that -
it seldom draws a crowd. Hillel C ha es Method
It is done as humanely as pos- v
sible. The lashes are laid on so of Electing President
carefully that they rarely break the-
skin and the limit, 60 lashes, is sel- Change in the method of electing
dom administered, its student president was an-
But Delaware believes the whip- nounced yesterday by the student
ping post is an excellent deterrent council of the Hillel foundation.
against crime. The legislators say The provision was an alteration in
that once a professional crook has a new constitution adopted by the
been whipped he is disgraced before council at its weekly meeting.
his fellows of the underworld and Ihe next president will be elected
_ - - -- by the council only at the first
meeting in May, instead of by the
Strauss Shows Gairns entire student body participating in
Folio winFg Operation foundation activities. The entire
membership will be eligible to vote,
Professor L. A. Strauss, of the electing the vice-president and
English department, who has been secretary in addition to the presi-
ill for some weeks, is "progressing dent.
marvelously" after a surgical oper- Other imporuant constitutional
ation at St. Lukes' hospital in Chi- changes provide that officers will
cago, says a telegram receved yes- not hold committee positions, and
terday by Dean John R. Effinger, of that nominations for the officers
the literary school. The communi- will be unlimited. Those receiving
cation said that Professor Strauss the highest number of votes will
is "already quite comfortable." bt voted upon for a two-thirds
- ---_ -- _majority.
There are numerous foreign steam-
ship agencies here and about a
hundred Europeans are engaged in
the business of importing and ex-
Other Revenue Slim.
This year they have had to over-
come effects of a tragedy of last
May, when 600 pilgrims perished
in a fire aboard the steamer "Asia."
Were it not for the pilgrim traf-
fic it is considered doubtful if Ibn
Saud could keep his government
The population, only a little more
. _ __ _ . _.._ _._.._ _._ .. ............ .w ......_..._
i - :!1
Christian Science Organization at the University of
Free Public Lecture on Christ:. Science
PAUL STARK SEELEY, C.S.B.
Member of The loB rd of Lectureship of The Mothet Church, The First4
Cmhurc of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, Massachusetts.
At Hill Auditorium, North University Ave.
Sund y Evening, January 11, 1931 at Eight O'clock
THE PUBLIC IS CORDIALLY INVITED TO ATTEND
ternational prize for art, on lines'
similar to the Nobel prizes, is being
considered by the administrators of
the Carlsberg fund.
The fund was established throughj
a legacy of Carl Jacobsen, founder
(A the Carlsberg breweries.
While nothing definite has been
decided, the idea is that the prize
would be in money and on generous
lines, possibly of about the same
value as the Nobel prizes, and be
awarded annually or every two
Premier M. Stauning has ex-
pressed keen approval as affording,
Denmark a chance to demonstrate
her interest in international art.
Junior Engineer Passes
Air Corps Examination
Julian R. Barit, '32E, has success-
fully passed examinations for in-
struction with the United States
Reserve Air Corps, officials notified
him yesterday. Of 31 applicants;
Barit was one of four to pass the
tests, given three timesta year-at
Selfridge field, Mt. Clemens, and is
the only University student to be
He will leave in July for either
Brooks field, Texas, or March Field
at Riverside, Calif., where he will
begin a three-year course in flying.
At the end of his instruction, Barit
will be a qualified second lieuten-
ant in the aviation corps.
611 East University
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/a t \~
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. . _. ._,,. . . , .. ... . ...... " rtibw
3.' _._ .. ._ _ , _fiz' -fi