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November 21, 1930 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1930-11-21

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ESTABLISHED
1890

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MEMBER
ASSOCIATED

EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

VOL. XLI. No. 47

EIGHT PAGES

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1930

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INDIA CONFERENCE
LEADERS CRITICIZE
ENGLAND'SPOLI C Y
Present Grievances In All Day
Session Before Premier
Ramsey MacDonald.
WOMAN, STIRS MEETING
Sah Nawaz Says Youth of India
Desires Freedom; England's
Speaker Shuns Issue.
(By soated Press)
LONDON, Nov. 20.-Ranging
the gamut of Indian races, creeds
and castes delegates to the round
table conference on Indian affairs
today continued to lash the Brit-
ish administration in India with
criticism.
It began with an appeal for an
Indian federation by the beauti-
ful young Bugum SaiNawaz, a
picturesque figure in her pale blue
sari, and it continued to addresses
by spokesmen for every Indian
rank, from crown princes to "un-
touchables."
Await MacDonald's Views.
All day long Prime Minister Ram-
sey MacDonald sat in his big chair,
thumping the table when e a c h
speaker had talked ten minutes,
but usually each delegate had his
full say. The result was that Mac-
Donald's anxibusly awaited speech,
which will wind up the debate and
is expected to give some hint of
the government's Indian policy,
will not be heard until tomorrow.
The voice of Indian womanhood,
raised so appealingly by the bugum,
brought sustained applause from
the delegates when she had fin-
ished.
The little woman from a Moslem.
family whih for. generations has
observed the custom of seclusion
and worn the "purdah" veil, stirred
her listeners with a declaration
t h a t "things in our country are
moving at such a tremendous pace
that we ourselves are startled."
Reading Speaks.
"In the remotest corners," she
said, "young boys and girls are
talking of the national aspirations,
of freedom and liberty. There is
such an awakening of youth that i't
is not possible to check India's
growing desire to form itself into'
a nation worthy of the name."
Lord Reading, the only British
delegate to speak today, confined
himself to the blunt statement that
it was idle to talk of anything like
immediate constitutional equality
between India and other British
dominions.-
FEDERAL OFICERS
Government Concentrates Force
in Chicago to Break up
Gang Rings.
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20.-A con-
certed drive by the federal govern-
ment to break up the activities of;
Chicago gangsters was made known
today by Attorney General Mitchell.
Federal agents, dispatched from
Washington, have been active in
Chicago since early summer, the
attorney-general said, and recent-
ly there has been a "fortifying" of
these forces in an effort to apply
federal laws against the under-
world characters there.

"We intendv to keep going indefi-
nitely or at least until our aid is no
longer needed," Mitchell said.
Exactly how large a concentra-
tion of government agents is in-
tended in that area Mitchell would"
not say, but he made clear that
one high agent of the department
of justice has been dispatched to
act as an assistant to the United
States attorney in Chicago, co-or-
dinating various federal activities.
Golf Association Sets
Amateur Match Dates
, 11.. rA...- _l 1. -1

SCHA CH-T SPEAKS
fN REPARATIONS
X1". " .s .::: ':
~i
Associated Press Photo
Dr. Hjalmar Schacht,
German statesman and financier,
former president of the Reichsbank
and representative in the Young
plan negotiations, who spoke yes-
terday at Natural Science auditor-
ium on "Economic Aspects of the
Reparations Problem."
SCHAGHT REVIEWS
GERMAN PROBLEM

Cites

Exaction of Reparations
Payments as Cause of
Depression.

PREPARATORY BODY
COMPLETES NAVAL
LIMITATIONSODRAFT
Principle of Budgetary Control
Adopted Against United
States Opposition.
COMPROMISE IS SOUGHT
Ten Countries Accept Proposal;
Details of Former Pacts
Are Incorporated.
(By Asoiaed Press)
GENEVA, Nov. 20.-The prepara-
tory disarmament commission, in a
surprising burst of speed, today
completed its naval limitation draft
incorporating the principle of bud-
getary control.
The proposal, submvted by Lord
Cecil of Great Britain, was adopted
over the objection of the United
States, which favors direct limita-
tion, and over that of Japan and
France who are opposed to super-
imposing budgetary control on di-
rect limitation already endorsed by
the great naval powers.
Hopes For Compromise.
Lord Cecil in recalling his earlier
declaration that his country could
not agree to naval budgetary limi-
tation unless it also. was accepted
by other great sea powers, express-
ed hope that some compromise for-
mula might be found before con-
vening of the general conference
which would enable the United
States and Japan to enter this
scheme.
The proposal was adopted by
votes of Great Britain, Canada,
Russia, Ireland, Norway, Persia,
Finland, Italy, Roumania, and Hol-
land. Opposing were the United
States, France and Japan.
Take Over Details.
In concluding its naval draft to-
day, the commission took over the
main the details of the Washington
and London pacts as well as the
fundamental provision of t h e
Washington agreement for limiting
aircraft carriers.
F2gures contained in these two
treaties were left in the commis-
sion's general draft indicated of
what already has been done by the
big sea powers.
FORME RFOOTBALL
CAPTAIN TO SPEAK
Bob Brown Will Address Short
Pep Meeting Tomorrow
in Field House.
Bob Brown, '26, former Wolverine
football captain and star center, to-
gether with Henry Grinnell, '28,
will address the short pep meeting
at 1 o'clock tomorrow in Yost Field
house immediately preceeding the
Chicago game.
Although pep meetings for foot-
ball games have usually been held
the Friday nights before the games,
the Student council felt that stud-
ent enthusiasm and spirit would be
sustained for the game to a greater
degree if a change of date be made.
Following the rally, the gathering
will march behind the band to the
game. Additional cheers will be
given as the procession approaches
the stadium.

THEATRES PLAN
FREE PICTURES
Free movies will be held for
Universty students at the Mich-
igan and Majestic theaters at 11
o'clock Saturday niht, if the
varsity football team defeats
Chicago, it was annoinced yes-
terday.
Gerald Hoag, manager of the
Michigan, stated that it was de-
cided to hold the free show on
that date, in order not to have
the free show act a ananti-
climax to the seasonal celebra-
tion.
The film is a new one, and it
is hoped to secure two prints of
the picture in time for the show-
ing. If not, the management has
promised to "bicycle" the film
from one theater to tle other.
Students will be admitted only
upon presentation of athletic
coupon books. Campus leaders
will be in charge of both houses,
taking over the reins immediate-
ly after the regular house leaves
the theater following the show-
ing of the current feature.
Two rows of seats will be roped
off for the Varsity team at the
Michigan.
POLITICAL LEADERHS
OPPOSE1L1XNERTAX.
Legislative I-leads Turn Against
Plan to Abandon Program
of Debt Retirement.
(Bv Associatrd Press'
WASHINGTON, Nov. 2. - Con-
gressional leaders of all factions to-
day turned against suggestions to
continue the lower income tax rate
by doing away with.the public debt
retirement progran, and the likeli-
hood of keeping the reduced . tax
schedule for another year dimin-
ished further.
At the treasury, also, it was said
no recommendation would be made
to Congress for the abandonment
next year of the sinking fund which
has been set aside for orderly re-
tirement of the war debt. However,
Secretary Mellon still has to say
the final word on whether the con-
tinuation of the lower income tax
rates will be recommended for.next
year.
Administration leaders in the
Senate, including senators Watson,
of Indiana; Smoot, of Utah; Fess,
of Ohio, not only expressed opposi-
tion today to any abandonment of
the debt retirement through the
sinking fund, but they added their
opposition to any continuation of
the lower income tax rates 'n view
of the prespective deficit.
Senator Glass, Democrat, Virgin-
ia, asserted "the honest thing to do
would be to raise taxes next year,
and certainly I would oppose any
move to abandon the sinking fund.
Representative Hull, D e m o c r a t,
Tennesee, a member of the ways
and means committee, took a sim-
ilar position.
MEETING DEBATES
C H I L D PROBLEMS
Hoover Conference Delegates

Upset of the balance in interna-
tional economic relations by the
exaction of reparations payments
from Germany has played a large
part in bringing about the present
world-wide depression, said Dr.
Hjalmar Schacht, German states-
man and financier, speaking yes-
terday on "Ecnomic Aspects of the
Reparations Problem."
Transfers of billions of dollars
without economic reason have dis-
rupted international trade and
created an unprecedented lack of
confidence in world financial cir-
cles, Dr.. Schacht explained.
Since 1923, Germany has been
forced to borrow more than five
billion dollars to withstand the
strain placed upon her budget by
making reparations payments while
attempting to rebuild her reserves,
which were wiped out by war and
confiscation, Dr. Schacht said.
"Germany cannot go on with" these
payments," he asserted. "They will
stop automatically. The country
cannot continue borrowing money
indefinitely."
It was recognized in the Dawes
plan and in the Young plan that
Germany c a n procure foreign
money to pay her debts' only
through exports and that the pay-
ments should not decrease the Ger-
man standard of living, Dr. Schacht
pointed out. Moreover, it has al-
ready become apparent that the
country is overtaxed and that con-
tinued taxation will bring' about
serious problems within the state.
The. German nation has to im-
port raw materials for manufac-
tures, and there is at present a
yearly import surplus of more than
five billion marks, he stated. The
only economic solution to the prob-
lem is the increase of internation-
al trade.

RAILWAY LRUTHvEN TALKS
PLAN TO CDNTINUE
BUILDING PROGRAMr.

Report Expenditures of More
Than $125,000,000 for
Nine-Month Period.
NEW POLICY DECLARED
Unanimous Vote Cast in Favor
of Construction Work
to Aid Jobless.
(BA, Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Nov. 20. -Railway
executives representing 90 per cent
of the mileage of the United States
today reported expenditures on
construction and equipment for the
first nine months of 1930 of $125,-
000,000 more than in 1929 and
pledged themselves to continue that
program as an aid to employment.
R. H. Aishton, chairman of the
executive committee, reported that!
capital expenditures of class 1 roads
from January 1 to Sept. 30 totalled
$698,821,000.
To Furnish Work.
The association then voted unan-
imously to carry on "as far as prac-
ticable" work which may provide
employment to the greatest possible
number of men during the winter.
Despite the general business re-
cession and decrease in their own
revenues the railroads have car-
ried out and will continue to carry
out, a resolution said, the program
of construction and equipment
building undertaken at the request
of President Hoover a year ago.
Outlines Policy.
The association also declared its
policy in respect to transportation
calling for:
1. A respite from rate reductionsl
and suspensions by regulating bod-
ies.
2. A respite from legislative ef-
forts that would adversely affect
rates or increase the expense of
carriers.
3. A withdrawal of governmental
competition both through direct
operation of transportation facili-
ties, as well as indirectly through
subsidies.
4. A fairly comparable system of
regulation for competing trans-
portation service by water and on
the highways, which would include
extension of authority of regula-
tory agencies over rates, routes and
service of barge lines and passen-
ger and freight bus lines.
I .-
DEATH TOLL RISES1
Twenty Killed, Many Seriously
Injured; Appeal for Aid
Is Broadcast.
(B- Associated Prss)
BETHANY, Okla., Nov. 20.-Help-
ed generously by a sympathetic
public, this little Nazarine church
colony was recovering t o n i g h t
from the effects of yesterday's tor-,

Alexander G. Ruthven,
President of the University, who
yesterday told the National Asso-
ciation of State Universities that
the only way to halt the over-
emphasis of intercollegiate athlet-
ics and unwarranted publicity is to
encourage intense intramural sport
programs.
RISMAN FLAYSBIC
BUSIESSMETHODS,
Says Revolts In South America
Incited to Break Treaty
With England.
Charging big business interests
with stirring up South American
republics to revolution so that trade
treaties with England might be
broken off, Harry Riseman, well-
known Detroit attorney, spoke
yesterday in Alumni Memorial hall
before an All-Campus forum on
the subject of unemployment in-
surance.
He brought out the South Amer-
ican revolution situation in order
to show how United States could
no longer count on a large foreign
business to take up the slack in
unemployment. The buying power
of five great classes of people has
been reduced the speaker pointed
out. The working class, the foreign
buyers, the farmers, the wealthy
classes, and the middle class, none
of these, he said, can be counted
upon to consume the surplus goods
of our factories.
In discussing the condition of
the workers he brought out that
even Henry Ford's men were not
receiving an adequate wage. The
average Ford worker, he stated
using data obtained from an in-
vestigation of 100 representative
employees, earns only $1,600 a year,,
and ends up each year in debt to
the extent of seven dollars. The
average wife of this group could
only afford two dresses a year, one
of them cotton. The average fath-
er's overcoat had to serve for eight
years.
Still painting an entirely black
picture as far as employment was
concerned, Riseman pointed out
that while unemployment insur-
ance would not solve the problem
by any means, measures of this
nature were imperative in order to
prevent a social revolution. To
bring this home the speaker said
that in Detroit where the city pays
out a million dollars a month to
pay for feeding the unemployed,
the great army of idle workers
would undoubtedly storm the city
hall if their food supply was cut
off.
Cornelia Otis Skinner
Will Present Program
Cornelia Otis Skinner, daughter
of the actor, Otis Skinner, will pre-
sent her "Character Sketches" pro-
gram at 8:30 o'clock tonight at the
Lydia Mendelssohn theater. The
program is sponsored by the stu-
dents and Board of Governors of
Martha Cook dormitory.
The program which Miss Skinner
will offer here is the same one she
gave at Selwyn theater, New York
ria r -a sinth a rictm a -.

STRESSES VALUE
OF INTRAMURAL
ATHLETIC GAMES'
President Says Faculty
Should Supervise
Athletics,
CITES NEW PLAN
Describes Professional
Aspects of Major
Competition.
Intercollegiate athletics, with
their play of over-emphasis and
their unjustified publicity, must
be curbed before they ruin the
basic purpose of University life,
President Alexander G. Ruthven
told the National Association of
State Universities at Washington
yesterday afternoon. Dr. Ruthven
stressed the ever increasing im-
portance of the intramural phase
of athletics and stated that the
entire athletic situation should be
taken away from the board in
control and placed under faculty
supervision.
"Intercollegiate competitive sports
can never be justi'ied as a spectacle
for adults even in tax-supported
universities," Dr. Ruthven told the
assembled educators, "and can nev-
er be healthy until attendance is
limited to those who are interested
in the university as an educational
institution for youth."
Advises Change.
In regard to the boards of con-
trol supervision of athletics Dr
Ruthven stated that "only by abol-
ishing Boards in Control or perhaps
better by changing their functions
from administrative to advisory
and by having intercollegiate sports
with all physical training, organ-
ized as a university department
with the funds administered in the
regular way by the business office,
and by giving to the faculty exclu-
sive authority in development, can
we hope to have intercollegiate
competition properly related to the
important functions of an institu-
tArn of higher learning."
The University head continued by
telling of the over-emphasis which
has been placed upon intercollegi-
ate competition. He said that under
the board in control system the
"so-called major sports have passed
from a student activity to a busi-
ness controlled largely by adults,
from a university function to a
business of a semi-detached organ-
ization, and from the natural posi-
tion of a student diversion capping
a program of physical education
'to a business of intense training
comparable with if not quite the
same as the training of profession-
al performers."
Suggests Cure.
"It must be evident," Dr. Ruthven
continued, "that universities would
do well to curb practices of adver-
tising intercollegiate games to the
general public in order to obtain
more money to provide more facil-
ities for the games, that more
money may be made to provide
more facilities."
As a suggested plan to supplant
the present over-emphasized inter-
collegiate athletic s y s t e m, Dr.
Ruthven said that encouragement
(continued on Page a)
ANDREWS TO TALK
BEFORESTUDENTS

Cosmopolitan Club Gets Noted
Author to Discuss India.
Charles F. Andrews, i n t i m a t e
friend of Gandhi and Tagore, who
is said to be the best informed
ihite man on the Indian situation
in this country has been obtained
by the Cosmopolitan club to speak
at 4:15 o'clock Monday in the Na-
tural Science auditorium.
Andrews is best known in the
'United States as the author of "The
Tnv A rnh 'rn 11 n "a yn 'a '-i

I

GERMAN SPEAKER SHOWS INTEREST
IN FRATERNITY HOUSE ORGANIZATION

Schacht Makes Inspection Tour
to Improve Understanding
of Social Structure.
DR. HJALMAR SCHACHT, one-
time president of the German
Reichsbaink who gave a University
lecture on reparations yesterday
afternoon in Natural Science audi-
torium, walked past a State street
fraternity house yesterday with a
local friend, watched several men
enter and leave the house, and, de-
ciding that he wanted to know more
about fraternal organizations in
general, asked to be shown around.,

which were casually mentioned in
the course of the conversation.
When looking at the rooming sys-
tem, Dr. Schacht said that he want-
ed to see "the dirtiest room in the
house" and not the cleanest be-
cause he "knew how boys lived" in
German colleges and they were
probably the same on this side of
the water.
Concluding his informal tour of
inspection, the visitor was profuse
in his thanks for a chance to com-
pare German with American college
living quarters. An explanation of
fraternities at Michigan was, he
stated, one of the high lights in his

Settle Old Dispute. nado.
The death list -continued to
(By Associated Press) mount through the day, however.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20. - Presi- The deaths of Mr. and Mrs. A. M.
ent Hoovers child conerence ro Viet, an aged couple, brought the
its first tempest today and was t, alf ae co bo.t
s t e e r e d, by proclamation, into t of fatalities to 20.d
peaceful waters. A call by the American Red Cross
Declaring its child health and and Gov. W. J. Holloway for $30,-
protection objectives important~ 000, broadcast by newspapers and
enough "to justify any amount of radiobhad met with pledges and
time and effort to harmonize vary- cash totalling more than $25,000
ing points of view" the procedure early tonight
committee tonight issued a state-
ment that "points on which agree- Play Group Will Offer
ment cannot be reached will be
taken up by the President's conti- Farce Tomorrow Night
uation committee.
The statement was precipitated Play Production will p r e s e n t
by a clash between the p u b lic "Rollo's Wild Oat," a farcical com-
health service and the children's edy, at 8:15 o'clock tomorrow night
bureau, over an old dispute first in the Lydia Mendelssohn theatre
broached in the conference pro- iin a revival performance. This play,
ceedings by Secretary Davis in his with which the dramatic group
morning address when he cham- opened its season last week-end,
pioned the children's bureau, in his was received with acclaim at that
department. His speech, emphati- time.
cally declared against substracting
any functions from the children's onmaly Clb Selects

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